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HB 154: "An Act establishing state fish and game reserves; creating the Holitna River Basin Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping Reserve; and providing for an effective date."

00                             HOUSE BILL NO. 154                                                                          
01 "An Act establishing state fish and game reserves; creating the Holitna River Basin                                     
02 Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping Reserve; and providing for an effective date."                                           
03 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                                
04    * Section 1. AS 16.20 is amended by adding new sections to read:                                                   
05                     Article 6. Fish and Game Reserves.                                                                
06 Sec. 16.20.700. Purpose. The purpose of AS 16.20.700 - 16.20.720 is to                                                
07 promote management activities to rebuild or enhance fish and wildlife populations and                                   
08 habitats to maintain historical and sustainable harvest levels for continued high levels                                
09       of human consumptive use of these resources.                                                                      
10            Sec. 16.20.710. Regulations. The Board of Fisheries or the Board of Game,                                  
11       where appropriate, shall adopt regulations that each considers advisable to carry out                             
12       conservation and protection purposes under AS 16.20.700.                                                          
13            Sec. 16.20.720. Holitna River Basin Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping                                         
14       Reserve established. (a) The following state-owned land and water and all land                                  
01       acquired in the future by the state lying within the parcels described in this subsection                         
02       is established as the Holitna River Basin Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping Reserve:                                 
03                 (1) Township 4 North, Range 48 West, Seward Meridian                                                    
04                      Sections 2 - 5                                                                                     
05                      Sections 9 - 10;                                                                                   
06                 (2) Township 4 North, Range 51 West, Seward Meridian                                                    
07                      Sections 1 - 10;                                                                                   
08                 (3) Township 4 North, Range 52 West, Seward Meridian                                                    
09                      Sections 1 - 23                                                                                    
10                      Sections 26 - 35;                                                                                  
11                 (4)  Township 4 North, Range 53 West, Seward Meridian;                                                  
12                 (5)  Township 5 North, Range 37 West, Seward Meridian                                                   
13                      Sections 1 - 3                                                                                     
14                      Sections 10 - 11;                                                                                  
15                 (6)  Township 5 North, Range 47 West, Seward Meridian                                                   
16                      Sections 2 - 12                                                                                    
17                      Sections 14 - 23                                                                                   
18                      Sections 27 - 32;                                                                                  
19                 (7)  Township 5 North, Range 48 West, Seward Meridian                                                   
20                      Sections 1 - 27                                                                                    
21                      Sections 34 - 36;                                                                                  
22                 (8)  Township 5 North, Range 49 West, Seward Meridian                                                   
23                      Sections 1 - 33;                                                                                   
24                 (9)  Township 5 North, Ranges 50 - 54 West, Seward Meridian;                                            
25                 (10)  Township 6 North, Range 35 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
26                      Sections 4 - 9;                                                                                    
27                 (11)  Township 6 North, Range 36 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
28                      Sections 1 - 13                                                                                    
29                      Sections 16 - 21                                                                                   
30                      Sections 29 - 32;                                                                                  
31                 (12)  Township 6 North, Range 37 West, Seward Meridian;                                                 
01                 (13)  Township 6 North, Range 38 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
02                      Sections 1 - 20;                                                                                   
03                 (14)  Township 6 North, Range 39 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
04                      Section 1                                                                                          
05                      Sections 12 - 13                                                                                   
06                      Section 24;                                                                                        
07                 (15)  Township 6 North, Range 42 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
08                      Sections 4 - 6                                                                                     
09                      Section 8;                                                                                         
10 (16)  Township 6 North, Range 43 West, Seward Meridian                                                                  
11                      Sections 1 - 2;                                                                                    
12 (17)  Township 6 North, Range 44 West, Seward Meridian                                                                  
13                      Sections 1 - 5;                                                                                    
14 (18)  Township 6 North, Range 47 West, Seward Meridian                                                                  
15                      Sections 18 - 19                                                                                   
16                      Sections 29 - 33;                                                                                  
17                 (19)  Township 6 North, Ranges 48 - 55 West, Seward Meridian;                                           
18 (20)  Township 7 North, Range 35 West, Seward Meridian                                                                  
19                      Sections 6 - 7                                                                                     
20                      Sections 18 - 19                                                                                   
21                      Sections 30 - 31;                                                                                  
22                 (21)  Township 7 North, Ranges 36 - 38 West, Seward Meridian;                                           
23 (22)  Township 7 North, Range 39 West, Seward Meridian                                                                  
24                      Sections 1 - 18                                                                                    
25                      Sections 21 - 25                                                                                   
26                      Section 36;                                                                                        
27 (23)  Township 7 North, Range 40 West, Seward Meridian                                                                  
28                      Sections 1 - 21;                                                                                   
29 (24)  Township 7 North, Range 41 West, Seward Meridian                                                                  
30                      Sections 1 - 14                                                                                    
31                      Sections 17 - 18;                                                                                  
01                      Section 24;                                                                                        
02                 (25)  Township 7 North, Range 42 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
03                      Sections 1 - 23                                                                                    
04                      Sections 28 - 33;                                                                                  
05                 (26)  Township 7 North, Range 43 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
06                      Sections 1 - 27                                                                                    
07                      Sections 29 - 30;                                                                                  
08                      Sections 34 - 36;                                                                                  
09                 (27)  Township 7 North, Range 44 West, Seward Meridian;                                                 
10                 (28)  Township 7 North, Range 45 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
11                      Sections 1 - 2                                                                                     
12                      Sections 12 - 13                                                                                   
13                      Sections 24 - 25;                                                                                  
14                 (29)  Township 7 North, Range 47 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
15                      Sections 6 - 7                                                                                     
16                      Section 18;                                                                                        
17                 (30)  Township 7 North, Ranges 48 - 54 West, Seward Meridian;                                           
18                 (31)  Township 7 North, Range 55 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
19                      Sections 1 - 2                                                                                     
20 Sections 11 - 14                                                                                                        
21 Sections 23 - 26                                                                                                        
22 Sections 32 - 36;                                                                                                       
23                 (32)  Township 8 North, Range 34 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
24                      Section 19;                                                                                        
25                 (33)  Township 8 North, Range 35 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
26 Sections 3 - 10                                                                                                         
27 Sections 13 - 24                                                                                                        
28 Sections 27 - 32;                                                                                                       
29                 (34)  Township 8 North, Ranges 36 - 44 West, Seward Meridian;                                           
30                 (35)  Township 8 North, Range 45 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
31                      Sections 1 - 29                                                                                    
01                      Sections 35 - 36;                                                                                  
02                 (36)  Township 8 North, Range 46 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
03                      Sections 1 - 24                                                                                    
04                      Sections 29 - 30;                                                                                  
05                 (37)  Township 8 North, Range 47 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
06                      Sections 1 - 32;                                                                                   
07                 (38)  Township 8 North, Ranges 48 - 53 West, Seward Meridian;                                           
08                 (39)  Township 8 North, Range 54 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
09                      Sections 1 - 2                                                                                     
10                      Sections 11 - 36;                                                                                  
11                 (40)  Township 8 North, Range 55 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
12                      Sections 13 - 14                                                                                   
13 Sections 23 - 26                                                                                                        
14 Sections 35 - 36;                                                                                                       
15                 (41)  Township 9 North, Range 30 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
16                      Sections 1 - 5;                                                                                    
17                 (42)  Township 9 North, Range 32 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
18                      Sections 3 - 9                                                                                     
19                      Sections 16 - 21;                                                                                  
20                 (43)  Township 9 North, Range 33 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
21                      Sections 1 - 35;                                                                                   
22                 (44)  Township 9 North, Ranges 34 - 52 West, Seward Meridian;                                           
23                 (45)  Township 9 North, Range 53 West, Seward Meridian                                                  
24                      Sections 1 - 5                                                                                     
25                      Sections 8 - 17                                                                                    
26                      Sections 20 - 29                                                                                   
27                      Sections 32 - 36;                                                                                  
28                 (46)  Township 10 North, Range 30 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
29                      Sections 7 - 36;                                                                                   
30                 (47)  Township 10 North, Ranges 31 - 52 West, Seward Meridian;                                          
31                 (48)  Township 10 North, Range 53 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
01                      Sections 22 - 29                                                                                   
02                      Sections 32 - 36;                                                                                  
03                 (49)  Township 11 North, Range 31 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
04                      Section 31;                                                                                        
05                 (50)  Township 11 North, Range 32 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
06                      Sections 18 - 19                                                                                   
07                      Sections 29 - 36;                                                                                  
08                 (51)  Township 11 North, Range 33 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
09                      Sections 2 - 11                                                                                    
10                      Sections 13 - 36;                                                                                  
11                 (52)  Township 11 North, Ranges 34 - 51 West, Seward Meridian;                                          
12                 (53)  Township 11 North, Range 52 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
13                      Section 1                                                                                          
14 Sections 11 - 14                                                                                                        
15                      Sections 23 - 26                                                                                   
16                      Sections 33 - 36;                                                                                  
17                 (54)  Township 12 North, Range 37 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
18                      Sections 19 - 21                                                                                   
19                      Sections 28 - 36;                                                                                  
20                 (55)  Township 12 North, Range 38 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
21                      Sections 3 - 10                                                                                    
22                      Sections 15 - 36;                                                                                  
23                 (56)  Township 12 North, Ranges 39 - 49 West, Seward Meridian;                                          
24                 (57)  Township 12 North, Range 50 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
25                      Sections 1 - 4                                                                                     
26 Sections 9 - 16                                                                                                         
27                      Sections 21 - 28                                                                                   
28                      Sections 31 - 36;                                                                                  
29                 (58)  Township 13 North, Range 37 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
30                      Sections 6 - 7                                                                                     
31                      Sections 17 - 20                                                                                   
01                      Sections 29 - 31;                                                                                  
02                 (59)  Township 13 North, Ranges 38 - 49 West, Seward Meridian;                                          
03                 (60)  Township 13 North, Range 50 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
04                      Section 25                                                                                         
05                      Section 36;                                                                                        
06                 (61)  Township 14 North, Range 39 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
07                      Sections 5 - 9                                                                                     
08                      Sections 16 - 23                                                                                   
09                      Sections 25 - 36;                                                                                  
10                 (62)  Township 14 North, Ranges 40 - 47 West, Seward Meridian;                                          
11                 (63)  Township 14 North, Range 48 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
12                      Sections 5 - 9                                                                                     
13                      Sections 13 - 36;                                                                                  
14                 (64)  Township 14 North, Range 49 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
15                      Section 13                                                                                         
16                      Sections 24 - 25                                                                                   
17                      Section 36;                                                                                        
18                 (65)  Township 15 North, Range 39 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
19                      Sections 4 - 9                                                                                     
20                      Sections 18 - 19                                                                                   
21                      Sections 30 - 31;                                                                                  
22                 (66)  Township 15 North, Ranges 40 - 46 West, Seward Meridian;                                          
23                 (67)  Township 15 North, Range 47 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
24                      Sections 12 - 14                                                                                   
25                      Sections 19 - 36;                                                                                  
26                 (68)  Township 16 North, Range 39 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
27                      Sections 16 - 21                                                                                   
28                      Sections 28 - 33;                                                                                  
29                 (69)  Township 16 North, Range 40 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
30                      Sections 3 - 10                                                                                    
31                      Sections 13 - 36;                                                                                  
01                 (70)  Township 16 North, Ranges 41 - 45 West, Seward Meridian;                                          
02                 (71)  Township 16, North, Range 46 West, Seward Meridian                                                
03                      Sections 1 - 3                                                                                     
04 Sections 10 - 14                                                                                                        
05 Sections 23 - 28                                                                                                        
06 Sections 33 - 36;                                                                                                       
07                 (72)  Township 17 North, Range 40 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
08                      Sections 3 - 10                                                                                    
09                      Sections 15 - 23                                                                                   
10                      Sections 26 - 35;                                                                                  
11                 (73)  Township 17 North, Ranges 41 - 44 West, Seward Meridian;                                          
12                 (74)  Township 17 North, Range 45 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
13                      Sections 1 - 4                                                                                     
14                      Sections 9 - 17                                                                                    
15                      Sections 19 - 36;                                                                                  
16                 (75)  Township 18 North, Range 40 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
17                      Sections 17 - 22                                                                                   
18                      Sections 27 - 34;                                                                                  
19                 (76)  Township 18 North, Ranges 41 - 42 West, Seward Meridian;                                          
20                 (77)  Township 18 North, Range 43 West, Seward Meridian:                                                
21                      the land south of the Kuskokwim River;                                                             
22                 (78)  Township 18 North, Range 44 West, Seward Meridian:                                                
23                      the land south of the Kuskokwim River;                                                             
24                 (79)  Township 18 North, Range 45 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
25                      Sections 1 - 2                                                                                     
26                      Sections 11 - 15                                                                                   
27 Sections 22 - 27                                                                                                        
28 Sections 34 - 36;                                                                                                       
29                 (80)  Township 19 North, Range 41 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
30                      Section 8: the land south of the Kuskokwim River                                                   
31                      Sections 17 and 18: the land south of the Kuskokwim River                                          
01                      Sections 19 - 21                                                                                   
02                      Sections 27 - 34;                                                                                  
03                 (81)  Township 19 North, Range 42 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
04                      Sections 20 - 36: the land south of the Kuskokwim River;                                           
05                 (82)  Township 19 North, Range 44 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
06                      Sections 22 - 36: the land south of the Kuskokwim River;                                           
07                 (83)  Township 19 North, Range 45 West, Seward Meridian                                                 
08                      Sections 35 - 36.                                                                                  
09            (b)  The Holitna River Basin Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping Reserve is                                       
10       established to                                                                                                    
11 (1)  ensure management and protection of fish and wildlife populations                                                  
12 and habitat to perpetuate subsistence, commercial, and sport use of the area's fish and                                 
13       wildlife;                                                                                                         
14 (2)  implement maximum use and benefit, sustained yield, and common                                                     
15 use principles by using effective management techniques for conserving and                                              
16 developing the area's natural resources to regain or maintain historical harvest levels                                 
17       with human consumptive use of these resources as a priority;                                                      
18 (3)  maintain and enhance healthy and abundant fish and wildlife                                                        
19 populations commonly used for consumption by humans to provide high levels of                                           
20 human consumptive use in keeping with amounts determined by the Board of                                                
21 Fisheries and the Board of Game to be reasonably necessary to provide for subsistence                                   
22 uses and with other population and use goals or objectives set by the appropriate                                       
23       board.                                                                                                            
24 (c)  In order to fulfill the purposes of this section, and notwithstanding any                                          
25 other provision of law, the Department of Fish and Game, the Board of Fisheries, and                                    
26 the Board of Game shall manage the fish and game resources of the area to provide for                                   
27       high levels of human harvest and, as necessary, shall                                                             
28 (1)  control predation and adjust predator and prey population ratios                                                   
29 through whatever methods or means are considered appropriate to particular                                              
30       circumstances;                                                                                                    
31 (2)  conduct management actions designed to further the purposes of                                                     
01 this section so long as the appropriate board has not found, based on substantial                                       
02 evidence, that the challenged management actions are counterproductive or ineffective                                   
03 in maintaining or enhancing healthy and abundant fish or wildlife populations                                           
04 commonly used for consumption by humans for food to provide for high levels of                                          
05       human consumptive use;                                                                                            
06 (3)  use the information the department or the appropriate board                                                        
07 considers to be the most credible for conducting management activities, including                                       
08 historical information, scientific information, and traditional environmental                                           
09       knowledge.                                                                                                        
10 (d)  The Department of Natural Resources may not acquire by eminent domain                                              
11 privately owned land within the Holitna River Basin Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping                                      
12 Reserve but may acquire privately owned land by purchase, exchange, or other means                                      
13       for inclusion in the reserve.                                                                                     
14 (e)  Public access to the Holitna River Basin Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping                                            
15 Reserve by boat, aircraft, dog team, snow machine, all-terrain vehicle, or other means                                  
16 consistent with the purposes of this section may not be prohibited but may be                                           
17 regulated by either the Board of Fisheries or Board of Game as necessary to meet the                                    
18       purposes of this section.                                                                                         
19 (f)  Access to and from private property within the Holitna River Basin                                                 
20 Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping Reserve shall be guaranteed through access corridors                                     
21 established through agreement among the Department of Fish and Game, Department                                         
22       of Natural Resources, and a private property owner.                                                               
23 (g)  Entry on the Holitna River Basin Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping Reserve                                            
24 for purposes of exploration and development of oil and gas resources is subject to final                                
25 approval by the Department of Fish and Game and may not be permitted unless a                                           
26 person fully demonstrates that exploration and development is compatible with the                                       
27       purpose of this section.                                                                                          
28 (h)  Except as otherwise provided in this section, the Department of Fish and                                           
29 Game and the Department of Natural Resources shall exercise each department's                                           
30 respective authority over the Holitna River Basin Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping                                        
31 Reserve through a management plan prepared by the Department of Fish and Game in                                        
01       consultation with the Department of Natural Resources.                                                            
02    * Sec. 2. This Act takes effect immediately under AS 01.10.070(c).