00 CS FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 459(JUD)
01 "An Act relating to the jurisdiction governing a trust, to challenges to trusts or
02 property transfers in trust, to the validity of trust interests, and to transfers of
03 certain trust interests."
04 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:
05 * Section 1. AS 13.36.035(a) is amended to read:
06 (a) The court has exclusive jurisdiction of proceedings initiated by interested
07 parties concerning the internal affairs of trusts, including trusts covered by (c) of this
08 section. Except as provided in (c) - (d) of this section, proceedings that [.
09 PROCEEDINGS WHICH] may be maintained under this section are those concerning
10 the administration and distribution of trusts, the declaration of rights and the
11 determination of other matters involving trustees and beneficiaries of trusts. These
12 include [, BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO,] proceedings to
13 (1) appoint or remove a trustee;
14 (2) review trustees' fees and to review and settle interim or final
02 (3) ascertain beneficiaries, determine any question arising in the
03 administration or distribution of any trust including questions of construction of trust
04 instruments, instruct trustees, and determine the existence or nonexistence of any
05 immunity, power, privilege, duty or right; and
06 (4) release registration of a trust.
07 * Sec. 2. AS 13.36.035 is amended by adding new subsections to read:
08 (c) A provision that the laws of this state govern the validity, construction, and
09 administration of the trust and that the trust is subject to the jurisdiction of this state
10 is valid, effective, and conclusive for the trust if
11 (1) some or all of the trust assets are deposited in this state or are being
12 managed by a qualified person;
13 (2) the trustee is a qualified person; and
14 (3) the principal place of administration is located in this state.
15 (d) The validity, construction, and administration of a trust with a state
16 jurisdiction provision are determined by the laws of this state, including the
17 (1) capacity of the settlor;
18 (2) powers, obligations, liabilities, and rights of the trustees and the
19 appointment and removal of the trustee; and
20 (3) existence and extent of powers, conferred or retained, including a
21 trustee's discretionary powers, the powers retained by a beneficiary of the trust, and
22 the validity of the exercise of a power.
23 * Sec. 3. AS 13.36.045(a) is amended to read:
24 (a) The court will not, over the objection of a party, entertain proceedings
25 under AS 13.36.035 involving a trust registered or having its principal place of
26 administration in another state, unless
27 (1) all appropriate parties could not be bound by litigation in the courts
28 of the state where the trust is registered or has its principal place of administration;
30 (2) the interests of justice otherwise would seriously be impaired; or
31 (3) the trust contains a state jurisdiction provision; and
01 (A) some or all of the trust assets are deposited in this state
02 or are being managed by a qualified person; or
03 (B) the trustee is a qualified person.
04 * Sec. 4. AS 13.36 is amended by adding new sections to read:
05 Sec. 13.36.310. CHALLENGES TO TRUST. Except as provided in
06 AS 34.40.110, a trust that is covered by AS 13.36.035(c) or that is otherwise governed
07 by the laws of this state, or a property transfer in trust that is covered by
08 AS 13.36.035(c) or that is otherwise governed by the laws of this state, is not void,
09 voidable, liable to be set aside, defective in any fashion, or questionable as to the
10 settlor's capacity, on the grounds that the trust or transfer avoids or defeats a right,
11 claim, or interest, or contravenes a law or a judicial or administrative order or action
12 that recognizes, protects, enforces, or gives effect to the right, claim, or interest. In
13 this subsection, "right, claim, or interest" means a right, claim, or interest conferred by
14 law on a person by reason of a personal or business relationship with the settlor or by
15 way of a marital or similar right.
16 Sec. 13.36.390. DEFINITIONS. In AS 13.36,
17 (1) "qualified person" means
18 (A) an individual who, except for brief intervals, military
19 service, attendance at an educational or training institution, or for absences for
20 good cause shown, resides in this state, whose true and permanent home is in
21 this state, who does not have a present intention of moving from this state, and
22 who has the intention of returning to this state when away;
23 (B) a trust company that is organized under AS 06.25 and that
24 has its principal place of business in this state; or
25 (C) a bank that is organized under AS 06.05, or a national
26 banking association that is organized under 12 U.S.C. 21 - 216d, if the bank
27 or national banking association possesses and exercises trust powers and has
28 its principal place of business in this state;
29 (2) "settlor" means a person who transfers property in trust; "settlor"
30 includes a person who furnishes the property transferred to a trust even if the trust is
31 created by another person;
01 (3) "state jurisdiction provision" means a provision that the laws of this
02 state govern the validity, construction, and administration of a trust and that the trust
03 is subject to the jurisdiction of this state.
04 * Sec. 5. AS 34.27.050(a) is amended to read:
05 (a) A nonvested property interest is invalid unless
06 (1) when the interest is created, it is certain to vest or terminate no later
07 than 21 years after the death of an individual then alive; [OR]
08 (2) the interest either vests or terminates within 90 years after its
09 creation; or
10 (3) the interest is in a trust and all or part of the income or
11 principal of the trust may be distributed, in the discretion of the trustee, to a
12 person who is living when the trust is created.
13 * Sec. 6. AS 34.27.060 is amended to read:
14 Sec. 34.27.060. REFORMATION. Upon the petition of an interested person,
15 a court shall reform a disposition in the manner that most closely approximates the
16 transferor's manifested plan of distribution and is within the 90 years allowed by
17 AS 34.27.050(a)(2), (b)(2), or (c)(2) if
18 (1) a nonvested property interest or a power of appointment becomes
19 invalid under AS 34.27.050;
20 (2) a class gift is not but might become invalid under AS 34.27.050 and
21 the time has arrived when the share of any class member is to take effect in possession
22 or enjoyment; or
23 (3) a nonvested property interest that is not validated by
24 AS 34.27.050(a)(1) or (3) can vest but not within 90 years after its creation.
25 * Sec. 7. AS 34.40.010 is amended to read:
26 Sec. 34.40.010. INVALIDITY GENERALLY. Except as provided in
27 AS 34.40.110, a [A] conveyance or assignment, in writing or otherwise, of an estate
28 or interest in land, or in goods, or things in action, or of rents or profits issuing from
29 them or a charge upon land, goods, or things in action, or upon the rents or profits
30 from them, made with the intent to hinder, delay, or defraud creditors or other persons
31 of their lawful suits, damages, forfeitures, debts, or demands, or a bond or other
01 evidence of debt given, action commenced, decree or judgment suffered, with the like
02 intent, as against the persons so hindered, delayed, or defrauded is void.
03 * Sec. 8. AS 34.40.110 is repealed and reenacted to read:
04 Sec. 34.40.110. RESTRICTING TRANSFERS OF TRUST INTERESTS. (a)
05 A person who in writing transfers property in trust may provide that the interest of a
06 beneficiary of the trust may not be either voluntarily or involuntarily transferred before
07 payment or delivery of the interest to the beneficiary by the trustee. In this subsection,
08 (1) "property" includes real property, personal property, and interests
09 in real or personal property;
10 (2) "transfer" means any form of transfer, including deed, conveyance,
11 or assignment.
12 (b) If a trust contains a transfer restriction allowed under (a) of this section,
13 the transfer restriction prevents a creditor existing when the trust is created, a person
14 who subsequently becomes a creditor, or another person from satisfying a claim out
15 of the beneficiary's interest in the trust, unless the
16 (1) transfer was intended in whole or in part to hinder, delay, or
17 defraud creditors or other persons under AS 34.40.010;
18 (2) trust provides that the settlor may revoke or terminate all or part
19 of the trust without the consent of a person who has a substantial beneficial interest
20 in the trust and the interest would be adversely affected by the exercise of the power
21 held by the settlor to revoke or terminate all or part of the trust; in this paragraph,
22 "revoke or terminate" does not include a power to veto a distribution from the trust or
23 a similar power; or
24 (3) trust requires that all or a part of the trust's income or principal, or
25 both, must be distributed to the settlor.
26 (c) The satisfaction of a claim under (b)(1) - (3) of this section is limited to
27 that part of the trust to which (b)(1) - (3) of this section applies.
28 (d) In this section, "settlor" means a person who transfers real property,
29 personal property, or an interest in real or personal property, in trust.
30 * Sec. 9. This Act does not apply to a trust unless the trust is created on or after the
31 effective date of this Act.