Legislature(2017 - 2018)BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)

04/03/2018 03:30 PM Senate COMMUNITY & REGIONAL AFFAIRS

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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
Moved SB 215 Out of Committee
Heard & Held
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
    SENATE COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL AFFAIRS STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                  
                         April 3, 2018                                                                                          
                           3:31 p.m.                                                                                            
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
Senator Click Bishop, Chair                                                                                                     
Senator Anna MacKinnon                                                                                                          
Senator Lyman Hoffman                                                                                                           
Senator Bert Stedman                                                                                                            
Senator Berta Gardner                                                                                                           
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
All members present                                                                                                             
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
SENATE BILL NO. 215                                                                                                             
"An Act relating to multi-line telephone systems."                                                                              
     - MOVED SB 215 OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                            
CS FOR HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION NO. 19(CRA) AM                                                                               
Urging Governor Bill Walker to issue an administrative order                                                                    
recognizing a linguistic emergency.                                                                                             
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
BILL: SB 215                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: ENHANCED 911:MULTI-LINE TELEPHONE SYSTEMS                                                                          
SPONSOR(s): JUDICIARY                                                                                                           
03/07/18       (S)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
03/07/18       (S)       CRA                                                                                                    
03/20/18       (S)       CRA AT 3:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)                                                                      
03/20/18       (S)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/20/18       (S)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
04/03/18       (S)       CRA AT 3:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)                                                                      
BILL: HCR 19                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: GOVERNOR: AK NATIVE LANGUAGES EMERGENCY                                                                            
SPONSOR(s): ORTIZ                                                                                                               
02/16/18       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/16/18       (H)       CRA                                                                                                    
03/06/18       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
03/06/18       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/06/18       (H)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
03/08/18       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
03/08/18       (H)       Moved CSHCR 19(CRA) Out of Committee                                                                   
03/08/18       (H)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
03/09/18       (H)       CRA RPT CS(CRA) 5DP                                                                                    
03/09/18       (H)       DP:    SADDLER,    DRUMMOND,    LINCOLN,                                                               
                        RAUSCHER, PARISH                                                                                        
03/19/18       (H)       TRANSMITTED TO (S)                                                                                     
03/19/18       (H)       VERSION: CSHCR 19(CRA) AM                                                                              
03/21/18       (S)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
03/21/18       (S)       CRA, STA                                                                                               
04/03/18       (S)       CRA AT 3:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)                                                                      
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
SENATOR COGHILL                                                                                                                 
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT: Sponsor of SB 215.                                                                                        
REPRESENTATIVE ORTIZ                                                                                                            
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT: Sponsor of HCR 19.                                                                                        
JODIE GATTI, staff to Representative Ortiz                                                                                      
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT: Available for comments on HCR 19.                                                                         
ALBERT MINGEULOK, representing himself, elders, and those who                                                                   
have passed on                                                                                                                  
Shishmaref, Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION STATEMENT: Spoke Inupiaq in support of HCR 19.                                                                       
DON BREMNER, representing himself                                                                                               
Yakutat, Alaska                                                                                                                 
POSITION STATEMENT: Supported HCR 19.                                                                                         
ALICE TAFF, representing herself                                                                                                
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT: Supported HCR 19.                                                                                         
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
3:31:45 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  CLICK  BISHOP called  the  Senate  Community and  Regional                                                             
Affairs Standing Committee meeting to  order at 3:31 p.m. Present                                                               
at the  call to  order were  Senators Coghill,  Stedman, Gardner,                                                               
and Chair Bishop.                                                                                                               
        SB 215-ENHANCED 911:MULTI-LINE TELEPHONE SYSTEMS                                                                    
3:32:47 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  BISHOP  announced consideration  of  SB  215 [version  30-                                                               
LS1455\D was  before the committee].  This is its  second hearing                                                               
and public comment has opened and closed.                                                                                       
3:33:14 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  COGHILL,  Alaska   State  Legislature,  Juneau,  Alaska,                                                               
sponsor of  SB 215 thanked  the committee for hearing  this bill.                                                               
When  one dials  911,  you want  help  to get  to  where you  are                                                               
located  as quickly  as possible.  This bill  says when  you have                                                               
changed  your phone  to  a multi-line  system  it designates  the                                                               
building and the  floor to help responders to  know exactly where                                                               
you are located. The technology is available.                                                                                   
CHAIR BISHOP  asked if the  language is "may"  participate rather                                                               
than "shall."                                                                                                                   
SENATOR COGHILL answered yes.                                                                                                   
CHAIR BISHOP found no further testimony.                                                                                        
SENATOR  STEDMAN  moved  to  report  SB  215,  version  \D,  from                                                               
committee  with individual  recommendations  and attached  fiscal                                                               
note(s). There were no objections and it was so ordered.                                                                        
3:35:00 PM                                                                                                                    
At ease                                                                                                                         
         HCR 19-GOVERNOR: AK NATIVE LANGUAGES EMERGENCY                                                                     
3:40:24 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  BISHOP called  the  meeting back  to  order and  announced                                                               
consideration of HCR 19  [CSHCR 19(CRA)am, version 30-LS1402\R.A,                                                               
was before the committee].                                                                                                      
3:40:42 PM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE ORTIZ,  Alaska State Legislature,  Juneau, Alaska,                                                               
thanked the committee for hearing HCR 19.                                                                                       
JODIE  GATTI,   staff  to  Representative  Ortiz,   Alaska  State                                                               
Legislature Juneau, Alaska, introduced herself.                                                                                 
REPRESENTATIVE  ORTIZ said  human  occupation  of Alaska  started                                                               
over 10,000  years ago. When  the migration occurred,  the people                                                               
brought their  culture and their  language with them,  which help                                                               
to  determine a  lot about  what  Alaska culture  is today.  This                                                               
resolution  deals with  a  serious problem,  the  loss of  Native                                                               
American languages, that threatens the Alaskan culture today.                                                                   
He  said  the   state  has  moved  in  the   right  direction  by                                                               
acknowledging and  recognizing the 20 Alaska  Native languages as                                                               
official  languages of  the state.  However, recognition  is just                                                               
the first  step. The  intent of  this resolution  is to  heed the                                                               
suggestions put forth by the  Alaska Native Language Preservation                                                               
Advisory Council  (ANLPAC). It strongly  urges that  the governor                                                               
issue  an  administrative  order recognizing  that  a  linguistic                                                               
emergency exists  in the state and  that it is the  policy of the                                                               
State of  Alaska to actively  promote the survival  and continued                                                               
use of all Alaska's 20 Native languages.                                                                                        
In their  2018 biennial report  to the Governor  and Legislature,                                                               
ANLPAC warned that all 20  Alaska Native languages are in crisis;                                                               
most are  predicted to become  extinct or  dormant by the  end of                                                               
the  21st century.  The State  of  Alaska can  no longer  sustain                                                               
these rates  of language loss  unless policy changes  are enacted                                                               
that support people  who are learning and  speaking Alaska Native                                                               
languages throughout the state.                                                                                                 
He said  the loss of language  represents the loss of  a critical                                                               
piece of Alaska's history, culture,  and traditional way of life.                                                               
The Eyak language  lost its last fluent speaker in  the year 2008                                                               
and the  Tanana language  has only one  fluent speaker  left, and                                                               
that person is 96 years old.                                                                                                    
3:44:01 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  BISHOP, finding  no questions  from the  committee, opened                                                               
public testimony.                                                                                                               
3:44:36 PM                                                                                                                    
ALBERT  MINGEULOK, representing  himself, elders,  and those  who                                                               
have passed on,  Shishmaref, Alaska, spoke Inupiaq  in support of                                                               
HCR 19.                                                                                                                         
3:45:44 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR HOFFMAN joined the committee.                                                                                           
3:47:31 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR MACKINNON joined the committee.                                                                                         
3:48:25 PM                                                                                                                    
DON  BREMNER, representing  himself,  Yakutat, Alaska,  supported                                                               
HCR 19.  To help keep  endangered languages from  vanishing, bold                                                               
statements  are needed.  He  made some  comments  in the  Tlingit                                                               
language.  He   said  the  Aramaic   language  was   once  common                                                               
throughout the  Middle East and  was used for  trade, government,                                                               
and divine worship. This is their  time to join together with the                                                               
state  in  this room,  the  Beltz  Room,  on  April 3,  2018,  to                                                               
preserve  Alaska  Native  languages   before  the  last  speakers                                                               
3:52:49 PM                                                                                                                    
ALICE TAFF,  representing herself, Juneau, Alaska,  supported HCR
19. She is  a linguist, which is  a person who is  engaged in the                                                               
scientific study of  language. She is an  affiliate professor for                                                               
Alaska  Native languages  at the  University of  Alaska Southeast                                                               
and at  the Alaska  Native Language Center  at the  University of                                                               
Alaska  Fairbanks.  There   is  no  question  that   this  is  an                                                               
Knowing  that  languages are  fading  from  use causes  pain  and                                                               
suffering,  she said.  National Public  Radio (NPR)  had a  story                                                               
about  post-traumatic stress  disorder (PTSD)  in people  who had                                                               
been  to war  and for  a variety  of other  reasons. They  talked                                                               
about the  Civil War  veterans moving West  and how  violent they                                                               
were. She  thought it was  going to mention Native  Americans and                                                               
former slaves, but it didn't.                                                                                                   
MS.  TAFF  talked  about the  transgenerational  transmission  of                                                               
PTSD. They now know that  trauma causes stress, and stress causes                                                               
chemicals to  adhere to  the genes  that can  turning them  on or                                                               
off. It makes people more  prone to diabetes, for instance. These                                                               
epi-genetic effects  (outside the gene) are  inheritable. So, the                                                               
trauma of  language loss, boarding  school, loss of land  and the                                                               
ability  to  get your  food  is  transmitted from  generation  to                                                               
generation.  The  Alaska Native  Community  is  in an  unbalanced                                                               
conditioned and susceptibility to these.                                                                                        
Studies  from Canada  have shown  that in  communities where  the                                                               
aboriginal and  First Nations  languages are in  use by  half the                                                               
people, the  suicide rate  is zero.  A study  in Alberta  found a                                                               
similar result for diabetes.                                                                                                    
CHAIR  BISHOP  thanked  her  for her  testimony  and  finding  no                                                               
further comments, closed public testimony,  and said HCR 19 would                                                               
be held in committee.                                                                                                           
3:58:23 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR BISHOP adjourned the Senate  Community and Regional Affairs                                                               
Committee meeting until 3:58 p.m.                                                                                               

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