Legislature(2021 - 2022)BARNES 124

04/16/2021 01:00 PM RESOURCES

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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+ HB 22 SHARED ANIMAL AND RAW MILK/PRODUCTS TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Invited & Public Testimony --
+ HB 54 INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Invited & Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
               HOUSE RESOURCES STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                             
                         April 16, 2021                                                                                         
                           1:02 p.m.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Representative Josiah Patkotak, Chair                                                                                           
Representative Grier Hopkins, Vice Chair                                                                                        
Representative Zack Fields                                                                                                      
Representative Calvin Schrage                                                                                                   
Representative Sara Hannan                                                                                                      
Representative George Rauscher                                                                                                  
Representative Mike Cronk                                                                                                       
Representative Ronald Gillham                                                                                                   
Representative Tom McKay                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
All members present                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 22                                                                                                               
"An Act relating to shared animal ownership; and relating to the                                                                
sharing and sale of raw milk and raw milk products."                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 54                                                                                                               
"An Act establishing  the Alaska Invasive Species  Council in the                                                               
Department of Fish  and Game; relating to  management of invasive                                                               
species;  relating to  invasive  species  management decals;  and                                                               
providing for an effective date."                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB  22                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: SHARED ANIMAL AND RAW MILK/PRODUCTS                                                                                
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) TARR                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
02/18/21       (H)       PREFILE RELEASED 1/8/21                                                                                
02/18/21       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/18/21       (H)       CRA, RES                                                                                               
03/30/21       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
03/30/21       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/30/21       (H)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
04/06/21       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
04/06/21       (H)       Moved HB 22 Out of Committee                                                                           
04/06/21       (H)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
04/07/21       (H)       CRA RPT 6DP 1NR                                                                                        
04/07/21       (H)       DP: MCCARTY, DRUMMOND, PRAX, MCCABE,                                                                   
                        HANNAN, SCHRAGE                                                                                         
04/07/21       (H)       NR: PATKOTAK                                                                                           
04/16/21       (H)       RES AT 1:00 PM BARNES 124                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB  54                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT                                                                                        
SPONSOR(s): FISHERIES                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
02/18/21       (H)       PREFILE RELEASED 1/15/21                                                                               
02/18/21       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/18/21       (H)       RES, FSH                                                                                               
02/24/21       (H)       RES REFERRAL MOVED TO AFTER FSH                                                                        
02/24/21       (H)       BILL REPRINTED                                                                                         
03/11/21       (H)       FSH AT 11:00 AM GRUENBERG 120                                                                          
03/11/21       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/11/21       (H)       MINUTE(FSH)                                                                                            
03/12/21       (H)       BILL REPRINTED                                                                                         
03/18/21       (H)       FSH AT 11:00 AM GRUENBERG 120                                                                          
03/18/21       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/18/21       (H)       MINUTE(FSH)                                                                                            
03/25/21       (H)       FSH AT 10:30 AM GRUENBERG 120                                                                          
03/25/21       (H)       -- MEETING CANCELED --                                                                                 
03/30/21       (H)       FSH AT 10:00 AM GRUENBERG 120                                                                          
03/30/21       (H)       <Bill Hearing Canceled>                                                                                
04/01/21       (H)       FSH AT 10:00 AM GRUENBERG 120                                                                          
04/01/21       (H)       <Bill Hearing Canceled>                                                                                
04/06/21       (H)       FSH AT 10:00 AM GRUENBERG 120                                                                          
04/06/21       (H)       Moved CSHB 54(FSH) Out of Committee                                                                    
04/06/21       (H)       MINUTE(FSH)                                                                                            
04/07/21       (H)       FSH RPT CS(FSH) 7DP                                                                                    
04/07/21       (H)       DP:   KREISS-TOMKINS,   ORTIZ,   MCCABE,                                                               
                         VANCE, STORY, STUTES, TARR                                                                             
04/16/21       (H)       RES AT 1:00 PM BARNES 124                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE GERAN TARR                                                                                                       
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  As prime  sponsor, presented a PowerPoint on                                                             
HB  22,  and presented  HB  54  as  chair  of the  House  Special                                                               
Committee on Fisheries, sponsor.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
SUZY CROSBY, Owner                                                                                                              
Cottonwood Creek Farm                                                                                                           
Wasilla, Alaska                                                                                                                 
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 22.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
AMY SEITZ, Executive Director                                                                                                   
Alaska Farm Bureau                                                                                                              
Soldotna, Alaska                                                                                                                
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Presented  a  PowerPoint   and  answered                                                             
questions during the hearing on HB 22.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
AMY PETTIT, Executive Director                                                                                                  
Alaska Farmland Trust                                                                                                           
Palmer, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Presented  a  PowerPoint   and  answered                                                             
questions during the hearing on HB 22.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MARLENE WENGER                                                                                                                  
Kenny Lake, Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 22.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
DONNA CELIA                                                                                                                     
Wasilla, Alaska                                                                                                                 
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 22.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
TOBIAS SCHWOERER, PhD, Research Assistant Professor                                                                             
International Artic Research Center (IARC)                                                                                      
University of Alaska Fairbanks                                                                                                  
Fairbanks, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Presented  a  PowerPoint   and  answered                                                             
questions during the hearing on HB 54.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
LISA KA'AIHUE, Chair                                                                                                            
Alaska Invasive Species Partnership (AKISP)                                                                                     
Fairbanks, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Presented  a  PowerPoint   and  answered                                                             
questions during the hearing on HB 54.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
DANIELLE VERNA, Manager                                                                                                         
Environmental Monitoring Program                                                                                                
Prince   William  Sound   Regional   Citizens  Advisory   Council                                                               
(PWSRCAC)                                                                                                                       
Cordova, Alaska                                                                                                                 
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 54.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
TAMMY DAVIS, Coordinator                                                                                                        
Invasive Species Program                                                                                                        
Alaska Department of Fish & Game (ADF&G)                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Presented  a  PowerPoint   and  answered                                                             
questions during the hearing on HB 54.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
1:02:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  JOSIAH  PATKOTAK  called   the  House  Resources  Standing                                                             
Committee meeting to order at  1:02 p.m.  Representatives Fields,                                                               
Hopkins, Schrage,  Hannan, Rauscher,  Gillham, Cronk,  McKay, and                                                               
Patkotak were present at the call to order.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
           HB 22-SHARED ANIMAL AND RAW MILK/PRODUCTS                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:03:52 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR PATKOTAK announced  that the first order  of business would                                                               
be  HOUSE  BILL  NO.  22,  "An  Act  relating  to  shared  animal                                                               
ownership; and relating  to the sharing and sale of  raw milk and                                                               
raw milk products."                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
1:04:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  GERAN TARR,  Alaska State  Legislature, as  prime                                                               
sponsor, presented a  PowerPoint on HB 22 [hard  copy included in                                                               
committee packet].   She began  the presentation  by paraphrasing                                                               
slide  2,  "Food Security  in  Alaska  -  Today," which  read  as                                                               
follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Alaska is food insecure                                                                                                    
          95% of food is imported from outside                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     Alaska can produce more                                                                                                    
       67%   of   farmers   surveyed   by   Division   of                                                                       
     Agriculture would produce more if they had more market                                                                     
     options                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     $5 challenge                                                                                                               
          Would generate $188 million for our economy                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TARR then paraphrased slide 3, "Food Security in                                                                 
Alaska - Historically," which read as follows [original                                                                         
punctuation provided]:                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     At statehood in 1959                                                                                                       
          525 farms                                                                                                             
          Produced 49% of agricultural products                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Dairy farming goes back to at least 1867                                                                                   
          Dairy farms across the state  from McGrath to Nome                                                                    
     to Kodiak to Mat-Su                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TARR explained slide 4, "Food Security in Alaska                                                                 
- Milk," which read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Only two certified dairy farms in Alaska                                                                                   
          Havemeister Dairy in Palmer                                                                                           
               In business since 1935                                                                                           
          Baptist Mission Heritage Farm in Kodiak                                                                               
               Certified as a grade A dairy in 2019                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     Alaska can produce more                                                                                                    
          Operations in  Kodiak and Delta Junction  close to                                                                    
     coming on line                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TARR paraphrased slides 5 and 6, both titled                                                                     
"Herd Shares," which read as follows [original punctuation                                                                      
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     Allowed by regulation                                                                                                      
     18 AAC 32.010                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     requires contractual relationship                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     18  AAC 32.010.  Purpose  and applicability  of 18  AAC                                                                  
     32.010  - 18  AAC 32.060.  (a)  The purpose  of 18  AAC                                                                  
     32.010 -  18 AAC 32.060  is to safeguard  public health                                                                    
     and  safety by  ensuring  that milk  and milk  products                                                                    
     from a  cow, goat,  or sheep,  that are  to be  sold as                                                                    
     part of  commerce and  intended for  human consumption,                                                                    
     are  manufactured, sold,  and delivered  in a  safe and                                                                    
     wholesome condition.                                                                                                       
     (b) The  provisions of  18 AAC 32.010  - 18  AAC 32.060                                                                    
     apply to                                                                                                                   
          (1)  each  milk   producer,  each  wholesale  milk                                                                    
     distributor,  and  each owner  or  operator  of a  milk                                                                    
     processing  plant,   receiving  station,   or  transfer                                                                    
     station whose milk  or milk products are to  be sold as                                                                    
     part   of  commerce   and   are   intended  for   human                                                                    
     consumption;                                                                                                               
          (2) each milk hauler who                                                                                              
               (A)  collects, for  the  milk producer,  milk                                                                    
     processing  plant, or  the department,  samples of  raw                                                                    
     milk  for pasteurization  or  for bacterial,  chemical,                                                                    
     temperature standards, or compliance testing; or                                                                           
               (B) hauls milk from  a milk producer or other                                                                    
     milk distributor to a  milk processing plant, receiving                                                                    
     station, or transfer station; and                                                                                          
          (3) a processor of a milk product.                                                                                    
     (c) The provisions of 18 AAC  32.010 - 18 AAC 32.060 do                                                                    
     not apply  to a person who  owns a cow, goat,  or sheep                                                                    
     and uses  the milk  from the  animal for  that person's                                                                    
     personal use. (Eff. 5/23/98, Register 146)                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     REPRESENTATIVE    TARR    finished    her    PowerPoint                                                                    
     presentation with slide 7, "House  Bill 22 - 2 things,"                                                                    
     which read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Puts herd share program in statute                                                                                         
          Strengthens program by putting in statute                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     Allows  producers  to  offer value  added  products  to                                                                    
     customers in herd share program                                                                                            
          Butter, ice cream, cheese                                                                                             
               Opportunity for farmer  to produce additional                                                                    
     products to support farm                                                                                                   
               Opportunity  for  consumer to  purchase  more                                                                    
     goods at one place                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TARR  explained that the existence  of herd shares                                                               
would  mean better  business  opportunities  for farmers  because                                                               
farming  is  very  capital-intensive.   With  herd  sharing  it's                                                               
possible  for a  farmer to  start small  and grow  as they  build                                                               
products and  a customer base.   She pointed out  possible safety                                                               
concerns   addressed   by   the   Department   of   Environmental                                                               
Conservation (DEC)  and noted  a relevant  part of  the Sectional                                                               
Analysis, which read as  follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                               
"In  addition,  Section  17.20.015 prohibits  the  Department  of                                                             
Environmental   Conservation   from   adding   restrictions   and                                                               
additional requirements  on the sharing  or transfer of  raw milk                                                               
between owners of a milk-producing  animal."  She also noted that                                                               
HB 22 contains language defining "raw milk."                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
1:10:51 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE FIELDS asked  why the raw milk provision  in SB 22                                                               
is necessary.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  TARR  explained  that  a farmer  may  start  herd                                                               
sharing with  an investment  of a  few thousand  dollars, whereas                                                               
starting  a Grade  A dairy  operation would  require millions  of                                                               
dollars.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  FIELDS said  that  it sounds  as  if the  smaller                                                               
owners don't have access to pasteurization.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TARR replied, "That is true."                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
1:13:46 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
SUZY CROSBY,  Owner, Cottonwood Creek Farm,  testified in support                                                               
of  HB 22  by  presenting  a PowerPoint  [hard  copy included  in                                                               
committee packet],  titled "Managing A Goat  Herd Share Operation                                                               
in Alaska."   She presented  slide 2, titled "Why  Goats?", which                                                               
read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
       Ease of handling                                                                                                         
     ? Digestibility of goat milk                                                                                               
     ? Minimal infrastructure                                                                                                   
     ? Simple cleanup                                                                                                           
     ? "Missing link"                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS. CROSBY paraphrased slide 3,  "Why Herd Share?", which read as                                                               
follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     ? Goats can help "pay their way"                                                                                           
     ? Connecting consumers with producers                                                                                      
     ? "Loca-vores"                                                                                                             
     ? Freedom of choice                                                                                                        
     ? Food security!                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS. CROSBY  presented slide 4,  titled "Remember  food insecurity                                                               
(Mar. 2020)?", which  showed a picture of empty dairy  cases in a                                                               
grocery store.   She then showed slide 5, "What  Herd Share is:",                                                               
showing a picture of a  refrigerator full of dairy products which                                                               
she took for comparison immediately  after seeing the empty dairy                                                               
cases.  Slide 5 read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     ? Legal in Alaska                                                                                                          
     ? http://dec.alaska.gov/eh/docs/vet/Dairy/RawMilkShare                                                                     
     sAKFactsheet.pdf                                                                                                           
     ? Currently restricted to fluid milk only                                                                                  
     ? Sustainable  CSA                                                                                                         
     ? Scheduled pickup                                                                                                         
     ? Commitment                                                                                                               
     ? Know your farmer!                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS. CROSBY  presented slide 6,  "What Herd Share is  not:", which                                                               
read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     ? Not the grocery store!                                                                                                   
     ? Not *selling* milk                                                                                                       
     ? Not making cheese or other products? Yet!                                                                                
      ? HB 22 would allow value-added products within the                                                                       
     definition of the herd share relationship.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS. CROSBY  then paraphrased  slides 7, 8,  and 9,  all outlining                                                               
safety   and  sanitation,   which  read   as  follows   [original                                                               
punctuation provided]:                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     Safety & Sanitation: Part 1                                                                                                
       Milking location                                                                                                         
       Wash your hands!                                                                                                         
     ? Pre-milking spray                                                                                                        
     ? Hand or machine?                                                                                                         
     ? Final strip                                                                                                              
     ? Post-milking dip                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     Safety & Sanitation: Part 2                                                                                                
     ? Wash hands!                                                                                                              
     ? A "sharp dividing line"                                                                                                  
     ? Filtering milk                                                                                                           
     ? Rapid chilling                                                                                                           
     ? Cold storage                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     Safety & Sanitation: Part 3                                                                                                
       Record keeping-- which goat's milk?                                                                                      
     ? Educating the share owners                                                                                               
     ? Jar care                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS. CROSBY  then presented  slides 10, 11,  and 12,  which showed                                                               
pictures of  milk products, and which  read [original punctuation                                                               
provided]:   "HB  22  would allow  value-added  products --  like                                                               
Queso Fresco? Or feta with  sundried tomatoes? ?Or chevre?to be a                                                               
legal component  of a  herd share  agreement."   She moved  on to                                                               
paraphrase slide  13, "Benefits  of HB  22 to  consumers:", which                                                               
read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     ? Freedom to make food choices without restriction                                                                         
     ? Having a variety of dairy options besides milk                                                                           
      ? Access to digestible products for those intolerant                                                                      
     to commercial dairy                                                                                                        
     ? Many consumers prefer ready-made vs. DIY                                                                                 
      ? Growing preference for unique locally made/artisan                                                                      
     food                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MS.  CROSBY  paraphrased   slide  14,  "Benefits  of   HB  22  to                                                               
producers:",   which  read   as  follows   [original  punctuation                                                               
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     ? Allows for best usage of seasonal surplus milk                                                                           
      ? Farmer can buy more hay per gallon of milk (goats                                                                       
     eat even during their dry period!)                                                                                         
        ? Specialty products would still be available in                                                                        
     winter even when fluid milk production drops                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS.  CROSBY  presented slide  15,  "HB  22 would  offer  benefits                                                               
overall:",   which   read   as  follows   [original   punctuation                                                               
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     ? Help strengthen Alaska's fragile food system                                                                             
     ? Help prevent food waste                                                                                                  
         ? Expand Alaskan agriculture by offering a new                                                                         
     business opportunity for farmers                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
1:27:26 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  MCKAY  noted  Ms. Crosby's  assertion  that  "man                                                               
could not survive on Twinkies."                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS. CROSBY  said that the more  nutritious a food is,  the higher                                                               
the likelihood of bacteria.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCKAY  commented that he  lived for four  years in                                                               
Norway where goat products were very popular.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
1:29:58 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
AMY SEITZ,  Executive Director, Alaska  Farm Bureau,  presented a                                                               
PowerPoint [hard  copy included  in committee packet]  titled "HB
22 Expanding  Alaska's Dairy Industry."   She said that HB  22 is                                                               
important for  increasing agriculture  and local food  access, as                                                               
well  as  for  the  economic  benefits.   She  said  that,  while                                                               
agriculture in Alaska  is growing, there is  opportunity for more                                                               
contribution,  which   would  grow  the  economic   benefits  and                                                               
increase  food  security.   She  said  that  50 percent  of  food                                                               
consumed in Alaska  used to be grown locally; that  number is now                                                               
5  percent.   She explained  that shipping  delays, strikes,  and                                                               
worldwide pandemics  affect the ability  to import food  into the                                                               
state.  "If  every Alaskan spent $5 a  week buying Alaska-grown,"                                                               
she said, "it  would have a $188 million impact  on our economy."                                                               
She noted  that there is not  enough production in the  state for                                                               
all  residents to  spend $5  per  week, so  removing barriers  to                                                               
production is important.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:34:22 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SEITZ presented  slide 5,  which contained  quotes regarding                                                               
COVID-19 impacts  on the  food supply chain  and read  as follows                                                               
[original punctuation provided]:                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     "it has been seen that COVID  - 19 has an impact on the                                                                    
     whole  process [food  supply chain]  from the  field to                                                                    
     the consumer" - Oxford Academic,  Impacts of Covid - 19                                                                    
     on the food supply chain                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     " With the coronavirus  pandemic, we're facing a crisis                                                                    
     the likes of  which none of us  has experienced before.                                                                    
     Times like  these remind  us all  of the  importance of                                                                    
     ensuring  our nation's  food security,  and we  want to                                                                    
     assure  Americans  that  agriculture  remains  on  call                                                                    
     24/7."  -Zippy Duvall,  President American  Farm Bureau                                                                    
     Federation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     "The  food  supply  chain is  breaking,"  -John  Tyson,                                                                    
     Tyson Foods Chairman                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MS. SEITZ  said that with only  two Grade A certified  dairies in                                                               
Alaska, most of  the dairy operations in the state  are part of a                                                               
herd  share program.   She  explained that  Alaska would  need 28                                                               
million  pounds  to  constitute  a 90-day  supply  of  milk,  but                                                               
current production  is at 3.5 million  pounds.  She said  that HB
22 would  increase economic  opportunities for  farms as  well as                                                               
choices for consumers.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
1:38:42 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
AMY PETTIT, Executive Director,  Alaska Farmland Trust, presented                                                               
a PowerPoint on  HB 22 [hard copy included  in committee packet].                                                               
She  explained that  the Alaska  Farmland Trust  aims to  protect                                                               
agricultural areas,  promote Alaska's agricultural  industry, and                                                               
educate the  public on the  industry.   She said that  the United                                                               
States  Department of  Agriculture  (USDA) conducts  a Census  of                                                               
Agriculture every  five years, and  the most recent  census shows                                                               
that farms  have decreased by  3 percent in the  contiguous U.S.,                                                               
but have increased  by 30 percent in Alaska,  with Alaska leading                                                               
the  nation in  the number  of new  farmers.   She said  that the                                                               
number of small farms in Alaska  has increased by 73 percent, and                                                               
that 47  percent of farmers in  Alaska are women.   She said that                                                               
the value of food sold  directly to consumers increased from $2.2                                                               
million in  2012 to $4.5 million  in 2017.  She  characterized HB
22   as  being   about  improving   access,  removing   barriers,                                                               
developing  economies, and  expanding  production,  and that  the                                                               
investment in the  next generation of farmers that  could be made                                                               
possible by HB 22 would benefit the state.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
1:46:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR PATKOTAK opened public testimony on HB 22.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
1:47:28 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MARLENE WENGER testified in support of  HB 22.  She said that she                                                               
and her  husband started the  Copper River Valley Chapter  of the                                                               
Alaska Farm  Bureau 20  years ago,  and that  in their  own store                                                               
they carry as many Alaska-grown  products as possible.  She noted                                                               
that  during the  COVID-19  pandemic  the store  had  run out  of                                                               
imported items, but not those which had been locally-produced.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
1:49:08 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
DONNA CELIA testified in support of HB  22.  She said that she is                                                               
a  herd share  member at  Cottonwood Creek  Farm, having  learned                                                               
farming as a child.   She described watching the farming industry                                                               
in Oregon die,  then slowly be replaced by  the organic movement.                                                               
She  expressed appreciation  for  farming culture  and noted  the                                                               
popularity of farmers markets in Alaska.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:51:20 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR PATKOTAK,  after ascertaining  that no  one else  wished to                                                               
testify, closed  public testimony  on HB 22.   He  then announced                                                               
that HB 22 was held over.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
               HB 54-INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
1:51:41 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR PATKOTAK announced  that the final order  of business would                                                               
be HOUSE  BILL NO. 54,  "An Act establishing the  Alaska Invasive                                                               
Species Council in  the Department of Fish and  Game; relating to                                                               
management  of invasive  species;  relating  to invasive  species                                                               
management  decals;   and  providing  for  an   effective  date."                                                               
[Before the committee was CSHB 54(FSH).]                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:52:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  GERAN TARR,  Alaska State  Legislature, presented                                                               
HB  54 on  behalf of  the House  Special Committee  on Fisheries,                                                               
sponsor.   She said  that invasive species  are those  which have                                                               
the  ability to  cause harm,  and noted  that Northern  Pike have                                                               
negatively  affected the  salmon  runs  in the  Matanuska-Susitna                                                               
area.    She said  that  there  needs  to  be a  more  immediate,                                                               
effective  response   to  invasive   species  outbreaks,   and  a                                                               
challenge  is  access  to  private lands.    She  explained  that                                                               
through  working with  the  Alaska  Invasive Species  Partnership                                                               
(AKISP) it's become clear that  Alaska has notably fewer problems                                                               
with  invasive  species  than  does  the Lower  48.    Shen  then                                                               
described the Alaska Invasive Species  Council (AISC) as a multi-                                                               
stakeholder    group   intended    to   facilitate    government,                                                               
development,  transportation, tourism,  and other  business types                                                               
in working together to minimize invasive species.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
2:00:17 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TARR  noted the small  fiscal note attached  to HB
54 and explained  that with so much interest  in invasive species                                                               
there  will be  grant funds  or statutorily-designated  receipts.                                                               
She  discussed   the  establishment   of  the   invasive  species                                                               
management  decals, which  would be  a way  in which  the general                                                               
public  can directly  support efforts  to fight  invasive species                                                               
without  instituting  a  mandatory  fee.    She  then  noted  the                                                               
responsibilities of  the AISC  and the  creation of  the invasive                                                               
species response fund.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
2:06:44 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TOBIAS SCHWOERER,  PhD, Research Assistant  Professor, University                                                               
of   Alaska  Fairbanks   International  Artic   Research  Center,                                                               
presented a PowerPoint on HB  54 [hard copy included in committee                                                               
packet],  titled "Batten  down the  hatches."   He said  he chose                                                               
that title  because of the  "storm" of more than  50,000 invasive                                                               
species in  the Lower 48,  costing an estimated $150  billion per                                                               
year.  He said the first  half of his presentation would focus on                                                               
Elodea, a dense, fast-spreading  aquatic vegetation that can clog                                                               
waterways and affect fish habitats.   He described how Elodea can                                                               
pile up in waterways, clogging  rudders and affecting float plane                                                               
safety.  One-third of flights in  Alaska, he said, use an "Elodea                                                               
lake" for take-off and, as  pilots are increasingly unable to use                                                               
those  lakes,  the   economic  impact  is  $185   per  flight  in                                                               
recreation  loss.   He presented  slide 6,  "Elodea's effects  on                                                               
salmon," which read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     ? Harmful dissolved oxygen levels                                                                                          
     ? Dense vegetation                                                                                                         
     ? Predator habitat                                                                                                         
       Potentially more prey                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
DR.  SCHWOERER  said  that  he's   developed  an  economic  model                                                               
estimating  that Elodea's  annual  damages  to sockeye  fisheries                                                               
averages $172 million per year.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
2:17:00 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
DR. SCHWOERER  presented information  regarding Quagga  and Zebra                                                               
mussels, the damages  of which are estimated at  $1.5 billion per                                                               
year  throughout  the  U.S.   He  characterized  the  mussels  as                                                               
potentially  having   a  "devastating   impact"  on   the  salmon                                                               
fisheries and aquatic  resources in Alaska.  He  described a two-                                                               
year survey done  by the United States Fish  and Wildlife Service                                                               
(USFWS)  and AKISP  which estimated  that 1,000  boats enter  the                                                               
state at  Beaver Creek, Alaska,  yearly, 35 percent of  which are                                                               
from states  with mussel-infested lakes.   He said the  data also                                                               
showed that, while  there are hundreds of  inspection stations in                                                               
the Lower  48, 70 percent  of the  boats entering Alaska  are not                                                               
inspected.   It  only  takes  one boat,  he  explained, to  bring                                                               
invasive  mussels to  the  state; of  the  5,741 boats  currently                                                               
registered in  Alaska, 35 percent  were previously  registered in                                                               
states  with  Quagga  and  Zebra   mussels.    He  stressed  that                                                               
preventing invasive species  from entering the state  is the most                                                               
cost-effective way to keep Alaska's waterways clean.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
2:24:46 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE HANNAN  asked whether there  is a way to  tell how                                                               
long  a   mussel  can  appear   dead  but  still   multiply  when                                                               
reintroduced to fresh water.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
DR. SCHWOERER  replied that the  larva can survive long  trips in                                                               
water remaining in the boat.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
2:26:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SCHRAGE  noted that  several states don't  seem to                                                               
have the invasive mussels and asked Dr. Schwoerer why that is.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
DR. SCHWOERER responded that mussels  could eventually make their                                                               
way to those locations.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SCHRAGE asked how far north Elodea can survive.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
DR.  SCHWOERER explained  that the  latest  models estimate  that                                                               
Elodea  can survive  into the  lower Brooks  Range and  the Yukon                                                               
River Watershed.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
2:27:49 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE RAUSCHER  asked how long  it would take  Elodea to                                                               
repopulate after eradication from a lake.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
DR. SCHWOERER responded  that Elodea has, up to  this point, been                                                               
able  to reproduce  only to  fragments instead  of to  female and                                                               
male  plants, so  it cannot  have  a seed  bank  in a  lake.   He                                                               
described maintaining  a low concentration  of herbicides  in the                                                               
lakes as being effective in eradication.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
2:31:06 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LISA  KA'AIHUE,   Chair,  Alaska  Invasive   Species  Partnership                                                               
(AKISP), presented a  PowerPoint on HB 54 [hard  copy included in                                                               
committee  packet]  and  began with  slide  1,  "Alaska  Invasive                                                               
Species   Partnership,"   which   read   as   follows   [original                                                               
punctuation provided]:                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
       The AKISP is an informal affiliation of interested                                                                       
     individuals representing agencies, organizations, and                                                                      
     members of the public.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Our  goal  is to  heighten  awareness  of the  problems                                                                    
     associated  with  non-native  invasive species  and  to                                                                    
     bring    about    greater    statewide    coordination,                                                                    
     cooperation  and action  to halt  the introduction  and                                                                    
     spread of these invasive species.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS. KA'AIHUE  explained that the  AKISP depends on  volunteers to                                                               
push  back against  invasive species,  which is  why it  supports                                                               
this  proposed legislation;  the  coordination  of resources  and                                                               
efforts  through the  Alaska  Invasive  Species Council  proposed                                                               
under  HB  54 would  ensure  efficient  use of  resources  across                                                               
governmental  departments, with  a high  probability of  success.                                                               
She stressed that  prevention is the best strategy,  and having a                                                               
rapid  response  fund  as  proposed under  HB  54  increases  the                                                               
likelihood of successful eradication of invasive species.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
2:38:01 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE HANNAN  asked about  members of  the board  on the                                                               
AKISP.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS. KA'AIHUE  replied that members are  from various governmental                                                               
organizations,  as   well  as  the  Tyonek   Tribal  Conservation                                                               
District,  Metlakatla  Indian  Community, Homer  Soil  and  Water                                                               
Conservation  District, Kenai  Watershed  Forum,  and the  Prince                                                               
William Sound Regional Citizens Advisory Council.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
2:39:16 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
DANIELLE VERNA, Environmental  Monitoring Program Manager, Prince                                                               
William  Sound  Regional  Citizens  Advisory  Council  (PWSRCAC),                                                               
testified  in support  of  HB 54.   She  noted  that the  PWSRCAC                                                               
promotes the environmentally-safe operation  of the Valdez Marine                                                               
Terminal and  associated tankers.   Member organizations  are the                                                               
18  communities in  the area  affected  by the  Exxon Valdez  oil                                                               
spill, as  well as fishing, aquaculture,  Alaska Native, tourism,                                                               
and environmental  groups.  She  expressed that the  PWSRCAC sees                                                               
HB 54  and its proposed  creation of the Alaska  Invasive Species                                                               
Council as  an important step towards  collaboratively addressing                                                               
invasive species  prevention and management, and  recognizes that                                                               
the  continually  evolving threat  of  invasive  species makes  a                                                               
rapid response fund necessary.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
2:43:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TAMMY  DAVIS,   Invasive  Species  Program   Coordinator,  Alaska                                                               
Department of Fish  & Game (ADF&G), presented a  PowerPoint on HB
54  [hard   copy  included  in  the   committee  packet],  titled                                                               
"Department  of Fish  and Game  Invasive Species  Program Report:                                                               
2021."   She presented slide  2, "Invasive Species  Costs," which                                                               
read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     ? Environmental damage through competition, predation,                                                                     
      competition, new pathogen introductions and habitat                                                                       
     alterations which result in                                                                                                
     ? Destruction of fisheries                                                                                                 
     ? Degradation of habitats                                                                                                  
     ? Reduction of biodiversity                                                                                                
     ? Alteration of food webs                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     ? Economic impacts:                                                                                                        
     ?  Reduction or  elimination of  commercially important                                                                    
     species                                                                                                                    
     ?  Alteration  of  water  quality,  water  regimes  and                                                                    
     availability                                                                                                               
     ? Obstruction of transportation routes,                                                                                    
     ?  Fouled  infrastructure   affecting  harbors,  docks,                                                                    
     hydropower, industrial pipelines,                                                                                          
         Restriction  or   reduction  of   recreational  and                                                                    
     commercial opportunities                                                                                                   
     ? Reduction of property values                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MS. DAVIS presented slide 3, "Invasive Species," which read as                                                                  
follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Invasive Species:  a species  that has  been introduced                                                                  
     to  an environment  where it  is non-native,  or alien,                                                                    
     and   whose   introduction  causes   environmental   or                                                                    
     economic damage or harm to human health.                                                                                   
     ? Examples  in Alaska:  Northern pike  in Southcentral,                                                                    
     Elodea in many state waters                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     ADF&G strives for                                                                                                          
     ?  Collaboration  &  Partnership with  state,  federal,                                                                    
     tribal and  local governmental  entities, universities,                                                                    
     local  organizations,   the  Alaska   Invasive  Species                                                                    
     Partnership, and western  region and statewide invasive                                                                    
     species consortiums.                                                                                                       
     ?  Active partnership  with DNR  on elodea  prevention,                                                                    
     outreach, detection, response and control.                                                                                 
     ?  Management  &  Control: Northern  pike  suppression,                                                                    
     eradication and research.                                                                                                  
     ?  Containment &  Research: Colonial  tunicate in-water                                                                    
     control , northern pike movement and eDNA.                                                                                 
        Support of  community-based early  detection citizen                                                                    
     science: European green crab, tunicates, fouling spp.                                                                      
     ?   Outreach  and   communication  with   stakeholders:                                                                    
     anglers,  boaters/boat owners,  pilots,  pet trade  and                                                                    
     pet owners, industry, public.                                                                                              
     ?  Reporting:   Online  reporting  tool,   hotline  and                                                                    
     database.                                                                                                                  
     ? Strategic planning: Programmatic and multi-agency.                                                                       
     ?  Evaluation  of  existing  statutory  and  regulatory                                                                    
     authorities.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DAVIS  described  slide 4,  "Timeline  of  Invasive  Species                                                               
Events,"  which  illustrated that  the  number  and diversity  of                                                               
invasive  species have  more than  doubled in  the past  11 years                                                               
compared to  the past  40 years.   She  explained that  as global                                                               
transportation expands,  invasive species are expected  to become                                                               
even more  of a  problem, with  prevention, detection,  and rapid                                                               
response intervention crucial in mitigating the damage.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
2:48:45 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DAVIS presented  slide  5, "NORTHERN  PIKE,"  which read  as                                                               
follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     ADF&G's Pike Control Program has cost over $5M to date                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Response:                                                                                                                  
          ? Invasive Pike Program                                                                                               
               ? Monitoring                                                                                                     
               ? Research                                                                                                       
               ? Suppression                                                                                                    
               ? Eradication                                                                                                    
               ? 23 waterbodies in SC                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Goals:                                                                                                                     
            Containment                                                                                                         
          ? Prevent Spread                                                                                                      
          ? Restore Fisheries                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MS. DAVIS  explained that  Northern Pike is  the species  of most                                                               
concern  to  ADF&G;  response  actions  differ  based  on  what's                                                               
possible  in  different waters,  and  the  fish are  more  easily                                                               
eradicated from bodies of water  that are more easily accessible.                                                               
She  then  presented  slide  6, "Dvex,"  which  read  as  follows                                                               
[original punctuation provided]:                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     Response:                                                                                                                  
     ? Removal of infested infrastructure                                                                                       
     ? Delineation surveys                                                                                                      
     ? Outreach to stakeholders and community                                                                                   
     ? Research in situ control and containment                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Goals:                                                                                                                     
     ? Continue to survey                                                                                                       
     ? Containment                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DAVIS  presented  slide  7,  "MUSKELLUNGE,"  which  read  as                                                               
follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Response:                                                                                                                  
     ? Rotenone Treatment (October 2018)                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Goals:                                                                                                                     
     ? Eradicate the population to prevent spread                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
         Presence was not public knowledge until after                                                                          
     eradicated.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS. DAVIS  explained that Muskellunge were  illegally released in                                                               
2012  and,  like Northern  Pike,  are  harmful to  native  salmon                                                               
populations.   She  then  continued on  to  slide 8,  "LARGEMOUTH                                                               
BASS," which read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     Response:                                                                                                                  
     ? Media attention (2018)                                                                                                   
     ? Contacted bass biologists ( 2018)                                                                                        
     ? Surveys (Nets, Traps, Hook and Line) (2018)                                                                              
     ? How did they get here?                                                                                                   
     ? eDNA (Fall 2019)                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     Goals:                                                                                                                     
     ? Look for evidence of a reproducing population                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DAVIS said  that Largemouth  Bass are  "voracious predators"                                                               
and one  of the  top 10  invasive fish  in the  world.   She then                                                               
presented  slide  9, "FATHEAD  MINNOWS,"  which  read as  follows                                                               
[original punctuation provided]:                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     Response:                                                                                                                  
     ? Pathology Analysis                                                                                                       
     ? Detected a harmful parasite                                                                                              
     ? Minnow Trapping (2018-2019)                                                                                              
     ? Draining/Rotenone Treatment (July 2019)                                                                                  
     ? Continue monitoring                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     Goals:                                                                                                                     
     ? Eradicate the population to prevent spread                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS. DAVIS  continued on  to slide 10,  "GOLDFISH," which  read as                                                               
follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Response:                                                                                                                  
     ? Electroshocking (2018)                                                                                                   
     ? Netting/ Trapping (2019)                                                                                                 
     ? Pathology Analysis (2019)                                                                                                
     ? Emergency Exemption Permit (2019)                                                                                        
     ? Flow diversion/ Rotenone Treatment (July 2019)                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Goals:                                                                                                                     
     ? Eradicate the population to prevent spread                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS. DAVIS noted that manual  methods for controlling the goldfish                                                               
problem  were  ineffective,  so pesticides  were  used  and  over                                                               
10,000  goldfish were  removed.   She  then  presented slide  11,                                                               
"RAINBOW  TROUT," which  read  as  follows [original  punctuation                                                               
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     Response:                                                                                                                  
     ? Survey (2019)                                                                                                            
     ? Netting (2020)                                                                                                           
     ? Pathology analysis (2020)                                                                                                
     ? Law enforcement citation                                                                                                 
     ? Under-ice gillnetting                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     Goals:                                                                                                                     
     ? Eradicate the population to prevent spread                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
       In 2019, 144 rainbow trout were illegally imported                                                                       
     from a hatchery in Oregon and then illegally released                                                                      
     into a closed lake on the Kenai Peninsula.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DAVIS noted  that there  is a  hotline for  invasive species                                                               
reporting,   with   information    shared   among   organizations                                                               
statewide.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:55:34 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  PATKOTAK  opened  public  testimony   on  HB  54.    After                                                               
ascertaining  that no  one wished  to testify,  he closed  public                                                               
testimony.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:55:56 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  HANNAN asked  why the  rainbow trout  was brought                                                               
into Alaska.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DAVIS responded  that she  doesn't  know why  the fish  were                                                               
imported and said,  "Based on the fact that they  were cited, one                                                               
might  assume that  they  were  aware that  it  was  not a  legal                                                               
practice."                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:57:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCKAY  asked, "What  exactly does a  rainbow trout                                                               
do  that's  bad?   I  thought  that  rainbow trouts  were  highly                                                               
sought-after game fish and I'm surprised  to see them on the 'bad                                                               
list'."                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MS. DAVIS  explained that it's  illegal to import live  fish into                                                               
Alaska, and any fish introduced  to a non-native water body could                                                               
carry pathogens and have a direct impact on the food chain.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
2:58:42 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE GILLHAM  asked if  it's known whether  the rainbow                                                               
trout were imported from outside the state.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DAVIS replied  that they  were imported  from a  hatchery in                                                               
Oregon.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
2:59:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR PATKOTAK announced that HB 54 was held over.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
3:00:22 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNMENT                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
There being no  further business before the  committee, the House                                                               
Resources Standing Committee meeting was adjourned at 3:00 p.m.                                                                 

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
HB 22 Letter of Support Mat-Su Farm Coop 4.16.2021.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Letters of Support 3.10.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Letters of Support 3.2.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Supporting Document - Foodborne Illness and Complaint Reports Summary, Alaska 2015-2017 9.27.18.pdf HCRA 4/6/2021 8:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Supporting Document - Foodborne Outbreaks in Alaska 4.17.19.pdf HCRA 4/6/2021 8:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Emails in Support 2.22.21.pdf HCRA 4/6/2021 8:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Supporting Document - Memo Summarizing Herd Share Research by Farm Attorney Pete Kennedy 9.28.18.pdf HCRA 4/6/2021 8:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Supporting Document - Sample Herd Share Contract 3.7.19.pdf HCRA 3/30/2021 8:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Supporting Document - Relevant Alaska Administrative Codes 2.22.21.pdf HCRA 3/30/2021 8:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Supporting Document - Memo Summarizing Herd Share Research by Farm Attorney Pete Kennedy 9.28.18.pdf HCRA 3/30/2021 8:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Sponsor Statement - Version A 1.28.21.pdf HCRA 4/6/2021 8:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Sectional Analysis- Version A 1.20.21.pdf HCRA 4/6/2021 8:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Research - Presentation - Tarr 4.16.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Research - Presentation - Seitz 4.16.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Research - Presentation - Pettit 4.16.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Research - Presentation - Crosby 4.16.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 54 Resereach - Presentation - Ka'aihue 4.16.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54
HB 54 Sponsor Statement - Version W 1.28.21.pdf HFSH 3/11/2021 11:00:00 AM
HFSH 3/18/2021 11:00:00 AM
HFSH 4/6/2021 10:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54
HB 54 Version W 1.15.21.PDF HFSH 3/11/2021 11:00:00 AM
HFSH 3/18/2021 11:00:00 AM
HFSH 4/6/2021 10:00:00 AM
HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54
HB 54 Explanation of Changes Version W to O 4.7.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54
HB 54 Research - Cost of Managing Invasive Species in Alaska 7.2012.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54
HB 54 Research - WA Invasive Species Council Fact Sheet 1.2017.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54
HB 54 Sectional Analysis - Version O 4.7.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54
HB 54 Testimony Received as of 4.7.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54
HB54 Sponsor Statement - Version O 4.7.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54
HB 54 Research - Presentation - Schwoerer 4.16.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54
HB 22 Letter Don Larson 4.16.2021.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 22 Letter Cottonwood Creek Farm 4.16.2021.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 22
HB 54 Research - ADFG Invasive Species Presentation 4.16.21.pdf HRES 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 54