Legislature(2021 - 2022)BUTROVICH 205

03/18/2022 03:30 PM Senate RESOURCES

Note: the audio and video recordings are distinct records and are obtained from different sources. As such there may be key differences between the two. The audio recordings are captured by our records offices as the official record of the meeting and will have more accurate timestamps. Use the icons to switch between them.

Download Mp3. <- Right click and save file as

* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
Scheduled but Not Heard
Heard & Held
Moved SJR 23 Out of Committee
-- Invited & Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
**Streamed live on AKL.tv**
        SB 180-PASSENGER VESSEL ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE                                                                    
4:02:00 PM                                                                                                                    
VICE  CHAIR MICCICHE  reconvened  the meeting  and announced  the                                                               
consideration  of  SENATE  BILL  NO.  180  "An  Act  relating  to                                                               
commercial  passenger vessel  environmental compliance;  relating                                                               
to commercial passenger vessel  fees; establishing the wastewater                                                               
infrastructure grant fund; repealing  the authority for citizens'                                                               
suits  relating  to  commercial  passenger  vessel  environmental                                                               
compliance;   repealing    the   commercial    passenger   vessel                                                               
recognition program; and providing for an effective date."                                                                      
VICE CHAIR MICCICHE  asked Ms. Pokon to respond  to the questions                                                               
the committee asked during the introductory hearing.                                                                            
4:02:32 PM                                                                                                                    
EMMA  POKON, Deputy  Commissioner,  Office  of the  Commissioner,                                                               
Department of Environmental  Conservation, Juneau, Alaska, stated                                                               
that  she was  joined by  Terri  Lomax, the  program manager  for                                                               
water quality standards. Their understanding  was that they would                                                               
be  available for  questions today  but  she would  give a  brief                                                               
VICE CHAIR MICCICHE said he'd like to hear the responses to the                                                                 
previous questions to see if it spurred and additional                                                                          
4:03:33 PM                                                                                                                    
MS. POKON reviewed the document, significant changes to the CPV                                                                 
statutes (AS 46.03), CPV specific regulations (18 AAC 69) and                                                                   
water quality standards (18 AAC 70) since 2006:                                                                                 
[Original punctuation provided.]                                                                                                
     a. 2007  SB 121 restored the ability for small                                                                             
         vessels to  operate under  DEC-approved alternative                                                                    
         best  management  practices plans  which  had  been                                                                    
         created   in   the   2004   legislation   and   was                                                                    
         subsequently repealed by  the language in  the 2006                                                                    
         voter initiative.                                                                                                      
     b. 2009  SB 183 expanded the qualifications for ocean                                                                      
         rangers that monitor marine discharge and pollution                                                                    
         requirements  aboard  large   commercial  passenger                                                                    
     c. 2009  HB 134 allowed DEC to provide waivers to                                                                          
         large  vessels that  were  using  the current  best                                                                    
         available technology;  this change  recognized that                                                                    
         the technology did  not yet exist that  would allow                                                                    
         vessels  to consistently  meet  Alaska's  discharge                                                                    
         requirements. This provision sunsetted in 2015.                                                                        
     d. 2009  18 AAC 70 amendments to adopt by reference                                                                        
         the Alaska Water Quality Criteria  Manual for Toxic                                                                    
         and  Other   Deleterious   Organic  and   Inorganic                                                                    
         Substances  (2008),  which serves  as  the  numeric                                                                    
         criteria for toxic pollutants  adopted by reference                                                                    
         in  18  AAC 70;  included  other  relatively  minor                                                                    
     e. 2012     18 AAC 70 amendments to revise the                                                                             
         antidegradation language at 18 AAC 70.015.                                                                             
     f. 2013  HB 80 allowed for a mixing zone for vessels                                                                       
         that  operate  an   advanced  wastewater  treatment                                                                    
         system (operating  the  advanced  system meets  the                                                                    
         technology-based treatment requirement for a mixing                                                                    
         zone).  The  sunset  provision   that  allowed  for                                                                    
         alternative plans  for small  vessels built  before                                                                    
         2004  was partially  removed;  all  small  vessels,                                                                    
         including those built after 2003,  were now covered                                                                    
         under the small vessel exemption.                                                                                      
       g. 2013  18 AAC 69 amendments included relatively                                                                        
         minor  changes  to  align  terminology  with  other                                                                    
         practices within  DEC and provided  additional time                                                                    
         for an alternative  plan approval from  three years                                                                    
         to five years after approval.                                                                                          
      h. 2017  SB 3 resolved an oversight in HB 80 (2013)                                                                       
         that failed  to fully remove  the sunset  date from                                                                    
         the statutory  provision allowing  alternative best                                                                    
         management plans  for  small  vessels, causing  the                                                                    
         exemption to expire on December  31, 2016. Statutes                                                                    
         were amended to reinstate the provision.                                                                               
      i. 2017  18 AAC 70 amendments to review the bacteria                                                                      
         criteria to adopt  the EPA 2012  Recreational Water                                                                    
         Quality Criteria for the designated  use of contact                                                                    
       j. 2018  18 AAC 69 amendments included relatively                                                                        
         minor  changes  to include  a  requirement  that  a                                                                    
         vessel  must  resample  for  temperature,  pH,  and                                                                    
         chlorine if  the vessel must  resample for  a fecal                                                                    
         coliform exceedance.                                                                                                   
         k. 2018     18 AAC 70 amendments adopting the                                                                          
         antidegradation implementation procedures at 18 AAC                                                                    
         70.016  and  allowing for  the  adoption  of  water                                                                    
         quality standards variances at 18 AAC 70.205.                                                                          
MS.  POKON  deferred  to  Ms.  Lomax to  discuss  the  the  water                                                               
sampling results.                                                                                                               
4:07:11 PM                                                                                                                    
TERRI  LOMAX,   Environmental  Program  Manager,   Water  Quality                                                               
Standards, Assessment  & Restoration Program, Division  of Water,                                                               
Department  of  Environmental  Conservation,  Anchorage,  Alaska,                                                               
said the members  should have copies of the  summary results from                                                               
sampling  over the  last several  years. In  2015 there  were six                                                               
harbors that  were sampled a few  times during the year.  In 2019                                                               
the sampling  expanded to  19 harbors  and their  common shipping                                                               
and traffic lanes  that were used by both large  and small cruise                                                               
ships. The results were summarized in the report.                                                                               
SENATOR MICCICHE  asked her  to remain  online in  case questions                                                               
came up.                                                                                                                        
4:08:56 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR KIEHL  noted that  the previous  hearing did  not include                                                               
much talk  about the administration and  historical efficiency of                                                               
the Ocean Ranger Program. It  was operated at the lowest possible                                                               
cost,  although  he  understands  that  the  department  had  the                                                               
contractor  book berths  for the  ocean rangers  at the  industry                                                               
rack  rate, not  a  negotiated reduction.  He  asked whether  the                                                               
department could talk about those issues and opportunities.                                                                     
VICE CHAIR MICCICHE  asked Ms. Achee who would be  able to answer                                                               
questions about  the Ocean  Ranger Program and  if they  might be                                                               
available today.                                                                                                                
4:10:42 PM                                                                                                                    
LAURA  ACHEE, Legislative  Liaison,  Department of  Environmental                                                               
Conservation,  Juneau,  Alaska,  deferred  the  question  to  Ms.                                                               
MS. POKON said  the department agrees that  a significant portion                                                               
of the funding  for the Ocean Ranger Program  went towards paying                                                               
for passage on the vessels. Whether  or not there could be a more                                                               
efficient process  to purchase cruises  for the ocean  rangers is                                                               
probably limited by the state  procurement process, she said. Her                                                               
belief is there is great value  in having the DEC inspectors, who                                                               
have knowledge about the discharges  and how the vessels operate,                                                               
go aboard  to check the  vessels directly. These  inspectors have                                                               
the  authority   to  write   a  notice   of  violation   and  for                                                               
enforcement,  and this  firsthand knowledge  is arguably  of more                                                               
value than  relying on  a report  from a  third party.  This also                                                               
avoids the berthing costs throughout  the season. She opined that                                                               
the  department's proposal  identified that  inefficiency in  the                                                               
current statute as well as a proposed solution.                                                                                 
SENATOR KIEHL said he didn't have any follow up on that point.                                                                  
4:12:55 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR KAWASAKI asked Ms. Lomax  whether the 2015 to 2019 graphs                                                               
she provided  were an  average over those  seasons, and  how that                                                               
compared  to the  total number  of cruise  ships. He  acknowledge                                                               
that  both the  2020  and  2021 seasons  were  poor  [due to  the                                                               
4:13:25 PM                                                                                                                    
MS. LOMAX confirmed that the  2015 to 2019 numbers were averaged.                                                               
The samples taken  those years were limited in  locations and the                                                               
number of  samplings so  they aren't  the best  representation of                                                               
the variety of conditions, but  they do provide a comparison. She                                                               
said she  had not compared this  data to the other  years because                                                               
of the limited  number of samples, but with the  return of cruise                                                               
ships the department looks forward  to looking at the changes and                                                               
comparing the numbers to 2020 and 2021.                                                                                         
4:14:30 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR KAWASAKI questioned  how useful the data  was. He pointed                                                               
to the  2015 to 2019  low fecal  coliform numbers per  volume for                                                               
Seward that  doubled in 2020  even though there  probably weren't                                                               
many cruise ships. It was  the opposite in Ketchikan. The numbers                                                               
were exceptionally high in 2015 to  2019, about half that in 2020                                                               
and  exceptionally low  in  2021  compared to  the  2015 to  2019                                                               
numbers. He asked if she could explain those numbers.                                                                           
4:15:40 PM                                                                                                                    
MS.  LOMAX  responded  that  water  temperature  drives  bacteria                                                               
levels so  weather patterns and  climate are  considerations. The                                                               
2020 summer  was very warm  and the  chart shows that  there were                                                               
significantly higher exceedances  in 2020 than 2021,  which was a                                                               
very  cold  summer. There  are  also  many sources  of  potential                                                               
bacteria  in  those  communities  that could  have  affected  the                                                               
counts other  than cruise  ships, including  wastewater treatment                                                               
plants located near small boat harbors.                                                                                         
She said the  department may use some of this  data to drive more                                                               
studies to  identify sources of  fecal coliform bacteria,  but at                                                               
this  point  it's not  possible  to  say  that the  bacteria  was                                                               
directly related to cruise ships.                                                                                               
4:17:00 PM                                                                                                                    
VICE CHAIR  MICCICHE stated that  one of the reasons  he supports                                                               
the   bill  in   its  current   form  is   that  the   wastewater                                                               
infrastructure grant fund in the  bill is designed to improve the                                                               
waste treatment facilities in  waivered communities, primarily in                                                               
Southeast. He asked if he understood that correctly.                                                                            
MS. POKON responded  that the department appreciates  that if EPA                                                               
decides  to  reevaluate  whether  or not  those  301  (h)  waiver                                                               
permits are appropriate, it would  be a significant cost to those                                                               
communities  if   they  had  to   increase  treatment   at  their                                                               
wastewater plants. Since the department  no longer has to pay for                                                               
berth  space, the  idea  is  to put  that  money  into the  grant                                                               
program  to  help  support  those   communities  that  have  that                                                               
significant cost on  the horizon. It's appropriate  since many of                                                               
those  port   communities  take   the  waste  from   cruise  ship                                                               
passengers that go ashore, and it's a burden.                                                                                   
4:19:32 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  MICCICHE said  his primary  point  was that  exceedances                                                               
were primarily  associated with  the huge  numbers of  people who                                                               
disembark cruise ships and overload  local wastewater systems. He                                                               
asked if that was accurate.                                                                                                     
MS.  POKON   answered  that  is   correct,  although   there  are                                                               
exceedances when there are no cruise  ship visitors so there is a                                                               
clear  need  to  improve  those   facilities.  She  reminded  the                                                               
committee  that  the  earlier  presentation  indicated  that  the                                                               
standard discharge for 301(h) waiver  communities was many orders                                                               
of  magnitude  greater than  what  is  allowed for  large  cruise                                                               
ships.  There  is a  clear  and  pressing  need to  improve  that                                                               
4:20:55 PM                                                                                                                    
VICE  CHAIR MICCICHE  summarized that  the money  that the  state                                                               
previously invested in  the Ocean Ranger Program will  be used to                                                               
improve  wastewater  infrastructure  in  coastal  communities  in                                                               
Southeast, which are the actual source of the exceedances.                                                                      
MS. POKON answered that is correct.                                                                                             
VICE CHAIR  MICCICHE asked if  it would  be accurate to  say that                                                               
the  grant fund  likely would  not be  used to  improve treatment                                                               
options in  Anchorage, but  it will  have significant  funds that                                                               
could  be used  as a  match and  perhaps fund  most of  the other                                                               
301(h) waivered communities in Alaska.                                                                                          
MS. POKON  answered that the  current estimates  for disinfection                                                               
for most waivered  communities is $5-10 million, but  it would be                                                               
significantly more  for Anchorage. The  money coming in  from the                                                               
cruise ships  currently could support  the oversight  program DEC                                                               
is proposing, and the savings  could also go toward a significant                                                               
portion  [of  the  cost  to   improve  treatment]  in  the  small                                                               
[waivered] communities. It  could make a big  difference in those                                                               
communities, she said.                                                                                                          
4:23:37 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  KAWASAKI asked  her to  confirm that  she said  it would                                                               
cost  a  community  $5-10 million  to  upgrade  their  wastewater                                                               
treatment facilities.                                                                                                           
MS. POKON replied that is the current estimate.                                                                                 
SENATOR  KAWASAKI asked  Senator  Kiehl what  the upgrades  would                                                               
cost in Juneau, and conveyed  his understanding that the cost for                                                               
most communities would be a lot more than $5-10 million.                                                                        
4:24:21 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  KIEHL  answered  that  Juneau does  not  have  a  301(h)                                                               
waiver. Juneau does full secondary  treatment, and more than that                                                               
depending  on   the  plant.  He  noted   that  nine  communities,                                                               
including  Anchorage,  had  waivers.   He  split  the  difference                                                               
between 5  and 10  and calculated that  $7.5 million  times eight                                                               
communities would cost roughly $60  million. He commented that it                                                               
was a long way to stretch  $3.5 million per year. He also posited                                                               
that it was a dream to  think that some of the larger communities                                                               
on the waiver list could  upgrade their wastewater infrastructure                                                               
for $10 million.                                                                                                                
SENATOR KAWASAKI  said he  believes it's  a good  idea to  have a                                                               
wastewater infrastructure grant  fund, but to say,  as Section 13                                                               
does, that  the money  that previously went  to the  Ocean Ranger                                                               
Program  will be  sufficient to  make grants  available to  these                                                               
communities for the upgrades seems unrealistic.                                                                                 
4:26:02 PM                                                                                                                    
VICE CHAIR  MICCICHE offered his  perspective that  helping these                                                               
communities disinfect  their wastewater  was far short  of actual                                                               
treatment but it  was better than doing nothing.  He also posited                                                               
that  the substantial  funds for  wastewater  treatment that  are                                                               
coming from  the Infrastructure Investment Jobs  Act (IIJA) could                                                               
be  put in  the  proposed  grant fund  that  may  have enough  to                                                               
provide the match to improve disinfection at the very least.                                                                    
4:26:46 PM                                                                                                                    
MS. ACHEE stated that when the  director of the Division of Water                                                               
met with  port communities  in Southeast to  discuss the  idea of                                                               
this bill,  it was  before the  IIJA passed  but DEC  already was                                                               
well aware of  the noticeable impact cruise  ship passengers have                                                               
on  these local  wastewater treatment  systems during  the summer                                                               
months.  Those communities  conveyed that  any form  of financial                                                               
help that  involved repayment would  be burdensome. She  said DEC                                                               
acknowledges that SB 180 is not  a silver bullet, the grant funds                                                               
it will  make available  to help  resolve wastewater  problems in                                                               
these communities  will be meaningful because  they won't require                                                               
4:28:31 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR KIEHL  noted that  the chair  mentioned that  some cruise                                                               
ships have  very advanced wastewater treatment  programs, but his                                                               
understanding  was that  some of  the older  vessels do  not have                                                               
advanced  treatment systems  onboard.  He  also highlighted  that                                                               
since  the last  hearing a  letter came  in that  speculated that                                                               
some ships may  be set up to automate monitoring  with sensors on                                                               
valves while  other vessels  might not  have that  technology. He                                                               
asked whether  DEC had  a sense  of the  number of  large vessels                                                               
that lack the advanced water treatment  and how many would face a                                                               
major  investment to  add remote  monitoring technology  versus a                                                               
minor upgrade.                                                                                                                  
4:29:50 PM                                                                                                                    
VICE CHAIR  MICCICHE asked  him to  clarify the  question because                                                               
his understanding  was that  all of the  large cruise  ships have                                                               
advanced wastewater treatment technology onboard.                                                                               
SENATOR KIEHL  clarified the  two questions.  Regarding treatment                                                               
technology,  he recalled  that some  vessels  have such  advanced                                                               
technology that they're permitted to  discharge while in port and                                                               
stationary.  He asked  how many  vessels had  that very  advanced                                                               
technology and  how many had less-advanced  treatment technology.                                                               
He  also asked  how many  vessels had  the ability  to do  remote                                                               
monitoring  with automated  valve sensors  and how  many did  not                                                               
have that technology.                                                                                                           
4:31:09 PM                                                                                                                    
MS.  ACHEE  offered  her  understanding that  all  of  the  large                                                               
vessels  are capable  of meeting  the State  of Alaska  discharge                                                               
standards. Some  vessels choose not  to discharge while  in port,                                                               
but  that is  not a  reflection of  their ability  to meet  those                                                               
standards. The  fleet of smaller  vessels that come to  the state                                                               
includes some  that are older,  and for  those it would  be cost-                                                               
prohibitive  and  perhaps  impossible  to  retrofit  an  advanced                                                               
wastewater  treatment system  onboard. That  is why  DEC has  for                                                               
many years had  a separate track for smaller vessels  to get best                                                               
management practices in place.                                                                                                  
Regarding  the [automated  valve]  technology,  the industry  has                                                               
said  it's  not  possible  to  retrofit  the  technology  as  DEC                                                               
currently envisions.  She said she  saw the letter  Senator Kiehl                                                               
mentioned that speculated that some  vessels have automated valve                                                               
monitoring   technology,  but   that   didn't   align  with   the                                                               
information DEC currently  has so the department  would look into                                                               
that further and follow up on that point.                                                                                       
4:33:06 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  KAWASAKI asked  whether  other  countries or  sovereigns                                                               
were  lowering   the  regulation  and  oversight   of  wastewater                                                               
VICE CHAIR  MICCICHE noted that he  said "other" and asked  if he                                                               
meant that the State of Alaska was suggesting doing the same.                                                                   
SENATOR  KAWASAKI  responded  that  he  views  the  Ocean  Ranger                                                               
Program as an  integral part of ensuring that  there is oversight                                                               
and regulation. His  was asking of other  countries were lowering                                                               
their oversight and regulation.                                                                                                 
MS. ACHEE answered that she  didn't know but the only information                                                               
DEC might  be able to get  would be about the  level of oversight                                                               
different regions  have for cruise  ships. Her  understanding was                                                               
that Alaska has among the  most comprehensive oversight of cruise                                                               
ships, but  she would  look at  that more  closely and  follow up                                                               
with what  she learns. She  also agreed  with the chair  that DEC                                                               
was  not lowering  the requirements  for  cruise ships  regarding                                                               
discharges, registration,  or air emissions. What  the department                                                               
is  doing is  looking for  the best  value for  the money  that's                                                               
being  spent to  protect  Alaska's environment  and  they do  not                                                               
believe that the  changes in SB 180 will decrease  the ability to                                                               
do that.                                                                                                                        
4:35:49 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR KAWASAKI  acknowledged that  he misspoke. He  should have                                                               
asked  whether other  countries were  increasing their  oversight                                                               
and regulatory  regime on  cruise ships and  how they  were doing                                                               
so.   For  example,   Singapore,  Canada,   and  California   are                                                               
increasing  their regulatory  requirements  on  heavy metals  and                                                               
fecal coliform levels;  Norway claims to have  adopted new policy                                                               
that  represents  one of  the  largest  changes in  environmental                                                               
history;  and  Finland has  projects  to  convert wastewater  and                                                               
sewage to biogas.                                                                                                               
4:36:57 PM                                                                                                                    
VICE CHAIR MICCICHE  said he'd like to know  which countries were                                                               
making  an  effort to  reach  or  had exceeded  Alaska's  current                                                               
wastewater  standards.  He  emphasized  that  the  water  quality                                                               
problems in Alaska  for the last 15 or more  years were unrelated                                                               
to  cruise  ship traffic  unless  the  passengers disembark  into                                                               
communities that  are unprepared for  the level of  discharge. He                                                               
said  he'd  like  to  improve the  treatment  options  for  those                                                               
waivered  communities,  but  he'd  like to  take  the  long  view                                                               
approach  and  other  water  quality issues  like  in  the  small                                                               
coastal  village at  the head  of Cook  Inlet because  the issues                                                               
there  are  probably more  widespread  than  many would  like  to                                                               
admit. He said  he was quite serious about  wanting to understand                                                               
how  Alaska measures  globally.  He  asked if  it  was true  that                                                               
Alaska has more waivered communities  than any other state in the                                                               
4:39:32 PM                                                                                                                    
MS. POKON  offered her understanding  that only  those previously                                                               
mentioned  Alaska  communities  were still  operating  under  the                                                               
Clean Water  Act 301(h) waivers.  They did  not have to  meet the                                                               
standards that  other permitted  communities and  facilities have                                                               
to meet.                                                                                                                        
VICE  CHAIR MICCICHE  observed  that SB  180  offered a  creative                                                               
approach to improve  water quality in Alaska over  the long term.                                                               
He  noted  that many  of  the  CARES  Act  funding was  for  loan                                                               
programs that  turned out to  be grant programs. With  passage of                                                               
IIJA,  he envisioned  enlisting federal  help to  get real  water                                                               
quality  improvements in  Southeast through  loan forgiveness  to                                                               
grant programs such as the one proposed in SB 180.                                                                              
VICE CHAIR MICCICHE held SB 180 in committee.                                                                                   

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
G.pdf SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SRES 3/21/2022 3:30:00 PM
HB 79
HB 79 Collected Written Testimony as of 3.18.2022.pdf SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SRES 3/21/2022 3:30:00 PM
HB 79
SJR 23 Image of Family With Mountain 3.18.2022.jpg HRES 5/9/2022 1:00:00 PM
SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 23
SJR 23 Image of Mountain From Deck 3.18.2022.jpg HRES 5/9/2022 1:00:00 PM
SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 23
SJR 23 Image of Mountain Aerial 3.18.2022.jpg HRES 5/9/2022 1:00:00 PM
SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 23
SJR 23 Image of Mountain Location 3.18.2022.jpg HRES 5/9/2022 1:00:00 PM
SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 23
SJR 23 Letter of Support Cappelletti 03.16.2022.pdf HRES 5/9/2022 1:00:00 PM
SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 23
SJR 23 Letter of Support Judy Brady 03.14.2022.pdf HRES 5/9/2022 1:00:00 PM
SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 23
SJR 23 Letter of Support Kim Griffith 03.12.2022.pdf HRES 5/9/2022 1:00:00 PM
SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 23
SJR 23 Letter of Support Ralph Samuels 03.16.2022.pdf HRES 5/9/2022 1:00:00 PM
SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 23
SJR 23 Sponsor Statement 3.18.2022.pdf HRES 5/9/2022 1:00:00 PM
SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 23
SB 180 Ports and Waterways Graphs 3.18.2022.pdf SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 180
SB 180 Changes to CPV statues and regulations 3.18.2022.pdf SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 180
SB 180 Public Testimony 3.18.2022.pdf SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 180
SJR 23 Letter of Support DeBardelaben 3.18.2022.pdf HRES 5/9/2022 1:00:00 PM
SRES 3/18/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 23