Legislature(2023 - 2024)BUTROVICH 205

04/21/2023 01:30 PM Senate JUDICIARY

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Heard & Held
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Heard & Held
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Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled
            SB 128-COMMERCIAL SALMON FISHERY CLOSURE                                                                          
1:53:34 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR CLAMAN announced  the consideration of SENATE  BILL NO. 128                                                               
"An Act  temporarily closing the  commercial salmon fishery  in a                                                               
portion  of  the  Alaska  Peninsula  and  Aleutian  Islands;  and                                                               
providing for an effective date."                                                                                               
He  acknowledged  the  considerable  interest  in  the  bill  and                                                               
clarified the  following: The  legislation will  not move  out of                                                               
committee today;  public testimony on  the bill will  remain open                                                               
until  all  who wish  to  testify  are  given an  opportunity  to                                                               
testify; constitutional  issues raised  by this  legislation will                                                               
not  be reviewed  in detail  today;  the bill  probably won't  be                                                               
heard  again  before the  legislature  adjourns  in mid-May;  and                                                               
written     testimony    may     be    submitted     online    to                                                               
senate.judiciary@akleg.gov. He predicted  that 20-30 people would                                                               
be able to testify today.                                                                                                       
1:55:36 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  DONNY  OLSON,  District  T,  Alaska  State  Legislature,                                                               
Juneau,  Alaska, sponsor  of SB  128, thanked  the committee  for                                                               
hearing  the  bill that  addresses  an  issue  that is  of  great                                                               
concern for many of his constituents.                                                                                           
1:56:22 PM                                                                                                                    
ALMERIA  ALCANTRA,  Staff,  Senator  Donny  Olson,  Alaska  State                                                               
Legislature, Juneau, Alaska, presented  the sponsor statement for                                                               
SB 128 on behalf of the sponsor.                                                                                                
     Over the last three  years, Western and Interior Alaska                                                                    
     have faced  detrimental collapses in salmon  runs along                                                                    
     the Yukon River and  Kuskokwim River. This collapse has                                                                    
     led  to fishery  closures  along the  rivers and  their                                                                    
     tributaries  for all  fishing  types, which  has had  a                                                                    
     severe  impact  to  the subsistence  and  personal  use                                                                    
     harvests  that residents  rely on  for their  cultural,                                                                    
     financial, and physical wellbeing.                                                                                         
     In 2021, there was a  return decrease for Yukon Chinook                                                                    
     and  summer Chum  of nearly  90%, which  left residents                                                                    
     along the  Yukon and Kuskokwim struggling  to make ends                                                                    
     meet and put  food on the table for  their families. At                                                                    
     the  same time,  however, commercial  fisheries in  the                                                                    
     Alaska Peninsula  and Aleutian Islands have  had record                                                                    
     high    harvests   with    1,168,601   Chum    bycatch.                                                                    
     Historically, much  of this bycatch happens  in Area M,                                                                    
     a  mixed   stock  intercept   fishery  in   the  Alaska                                                                    
     Peninsula, Aleutian Islands, and Atka-Amlia Islands.                                                                       
     In   February,  the   Board   of   Fisheries  had   the                                                                    
     opportunity  to  address  this issue  and  protect  the                                                                    
     people and  salmon of the  Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim (AYK)                                                                    
     region,   they  failed   to  do   so  by   not  passing                                                                    
     Proposition  140. Proposed  by  the Fairbanks  Advisory                                                                    
     Fisheries  Sub-Committee,  Proposition  140  called  to                                                                    
     reduce the  commercial salmon fishing  time in  Area M.                                                                    
     Due to  the failure of  the Board to act  in accordance                                                                    
     with   their   constitutional  obligation   under   the                                                                    
     "sustained  yield principle"  and statutory  obligation                                                                    
     to     provide    reasonable     subsistence    fishing                                                                    
     opportunities   under   AS  16.05.258(b)(4)(A)   I   am                                                                    
     introducing this legislation.                                                                                              
     Senate Bill 128, TEMPORARY  CLOSURE OF ALASKA PENINSULA                                                                    
     MAMANGEMENT  AREA  M   TO  COMMERCIAL  SALMON  FISHING;                                                                    
     directs a  temporary closure for commercial  fishing in                                                                    
     Area M  from June 10th,  2023 through June  30th, 2023.                                                                    
     This closure  allows those fish  bound for  their natal                                                                    
     streams  in  Western  and Interior  Alaska  to  have  a                                                                    
     fighting chance to reach their spawning grounds.                                                                           
     Furthermore, while  Senate Bill 128  addresses concerns                                                                    
     about the State and  Board of Fisheries constitutional,                                                                    
     statutory, and  treaty obligations;  it also  opens the                                                                    
     conversation  of how  the State  of  Alaska can  better                                                                    
     manage  our  fisheries   with  current  science,  data,                                                                    
     policy,  and  traditional   ecological  knowledge  from                                                                    
     Indigenous   communities  across   the   State.  As   a                                                                    
     testifier from Kwethluk said at  the Board of Fisheries                                                                    
     meeting this last  February, "I am asking  on behalf of                                                                    
     my  village  and the  residents  of  the Kuskokwim  and                                                                    
     Yukon  rivers,  that  you   make  decisions  that  will                                                                    
     benefit all Alaskans-  no matter how small  it seems to                                                                    
     be. We are  asking to give a chance for  some salmon to                                                                    
     return to our rivers. We  are asking because we want to                                                                    
     see  some salmon  in our  smokehouses and  freezers. We                                                                    
     are asking  not for  money? it's just  that we  want to                                                                    
     eat our food."                                                                                                             
1:59:34 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR   OLSON  spoke   about   the   crisis  situation   facing                                                               
subsistence  fishermen  today. He  talked  about  the history  of                                                               
fishing starting  in 1741  with Vitus Bering,  to the  decline of                                                               
the  Sea Otter  in  1780, to  1868 when  fish  plants started  on                                                               
Kodiak  Island, to  the  use  of fish  traps,  to the  successful                                                               
ballot  measure in  1948  to  do away  with  fish  traps -  which                                                               
Congress  ignored,   to  1960  when  Governor   Egan  closed  the                                                               
fisheries in Bristol Bay and Cook Inlet for most of that decade.                                                                
He said he patterned SB 128  on Proposition 140 that was narrowly                                                               
voted down  by the Board of  Fisheries in February. The  point is                                                               
to  address  the  issue  of  once vibrant  fish  camps  and  full                                                               
smokehouses that  now are  silent and just  not there.  He opined                                                               
that if the state doesn't  take drastic action like Governor Egan                                                               
took, some fisheries will become extinct.                                                                                       
CHAIR CLAMAN recognized Senator Bishop in the audience.                                                                         
2:05:33 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  KIEHL asked  whether  the Board  of  Fisheries took  any                                                               
action during the meeting when Proposition 140 was voted down.                                                                  
SENATOR OLSON answered  that the board offered  no other solution                                                               
and that's why he put the bill forward.                                                                                         
MS.  ALCANTRA clarified  that Proposition  140 originally  called                                                               
for a  60 percent reduction in  fishing time in Area  M, but what                                                               
passed was just a 12 percent reduction in fishing time.                                                                         
SENATOR  OLSON  commented that  the  people  on the  rivers  want                                                               
solutions, not more studies.                                                                                                    
CHAIR CLAMAN turned to invited testimony.                                                                                       
2:09:44 PM                                                                                                                    
DOUG  VINCENT-LANG, Commissioner,  Department of  Fish and  Game,                                                               
Juneau, Alaska, provided invited testimony  in support of SB 128.                                                               
He read the following prepared testimony.                                                                                       
     Thank you for  the opportunity to speak  with you today                                                                    
     regarding South Alaska  Peninsula salmon fisheries. For                                                                    
     the record, my name is  Doug Vincent-Lang, and I am the                                                                    
     Commissioner  of  the  Alaska Department  of  Fish  and                                                                    
     Let  me  begin  by  saying  the  Department  is  deeply                                                                    
     concerned  about the  poor returns  of chinook,  summer                                                                    
     chum,  fall chum  and coho  salmon  to coastal  western                                                                    
     Alaska  systems.  The  poor returns  have  resulted  in                                                                    
     fishery  restrictions  and  closures that  impact  food                                                                    
     security and subsistence and cultural activities.                                                                          
     I have  visited the region numerous  times and listened                                                                    
     to  testimony  about the  impact  this  is having.  The                                                                    
     words spoken  are real and  the impact  understood. Let                                                                    
     me be clear,  we understand and are  sympathetic to the                                                                    
     hardship  that   the  restrictions  and   closures  are                                                                    
     creating for people living in western Alaska.                                                                              
     As fishing  is restricted  or closed in  rivers, people                                                                    
     are  asking  what  is  being  done  in  fisheries  that                                                                    
     intercept  fish destined  for  these  rivers. They  are                                                                    
     asking for  some of these  mixed stock fisheries  to be                                                                    
     restricted,  or in  the case  of the  legislation being                                                                    
     discussed today, closed.                                                                                                   
     It  is  important  to  note   that  nearly  all  salmon                                                                    
     fisheries are  mixed stock fisheries. They  all harvest                                                                    
     to  varying  degrees  stocks   of  mixed  origins.  For                                                                    
     example, the  salmon fisheries that occur  in the lower                                                                    
     Yukon  River are  mixed stock  fisheries  in that  they                                                                    
     harvest a  range of discrete stocks  that occur upriver                                                                    
     of the  fishery, including some of  Canadian origin. It                                                                    
     is not  until a fishery  is prosecuted on  the spawning                                                                    
     beds that it is not a mixed stock fishery.                                                                                 
     In  the case  of  coastal western  Alaska chum  salmon,                                                                    
     these fish are harvested  in various mixed stock marine                                                                    
     fisheries,  including   as  bycatch  in   marine  trawl                                                                    
     fisheries  targeting pollock  and cod  as well  various                                                                    
     directed salmon  fisheries, including the  South Alaska                                                                    
     Peninsula seine and gillnet fisheries.                                                                                     
     However, it  is important  to note  that they  are also                                                                    
     harvested in  other fisheries, such as  the Bristol Bay                                                                    
     sockeye  salmon  fishery,  as they  move  through  that                                                                    
     fishery  on  their  way  to  the  Kuskokwim  and  Yukon                                                                    
     So, the  question is: What  is the acceptable  level of                                                                    
     harvest   or   intercept   in  these   fisheries   when                                                                    
     subsistence  is   restricted  or  closed?   Should  all                                                                    
     fisheries be closed if they  harvest even a single chum                                                                    
     salmon that is destined  to coastal western Alaska when                                                                    
     these fisheries are closed or restricted?                                                                                  
2:11:48 PM                                                                                                                    
     To get  a handle on  this question, it is  important to                                                                    
     understand  the   stock  compositions  of   the  salmon                                                                    
     harvested   in  these   mixed   stock  fisheries   that                                                                    
     intercept coastal  western Alaska  chum salmon.  I will                                                                    
     not talk  about bycatch in  this presentation as  it is                                                                    
     being   addressed   by   the  North   Pacific   Fishery                                                                    
     Management  Council.  Instead,  I  will  focus  on  the                                                                    
     fisheries that occur along  the South Alaska Peninsula,                                                                    
     as this  is one  of the fisheries  that is  affected by                                                                    
     the legislation being considered today.                                                                                    
     In response to  the poor returns of  summer chum salmon                                                                    
     to coastal western Alaska,  the Department initiated an                                                                    
     evaluation of  the genetic compositions of  chum salmon                                                                    
     harvested  in  the  South Peninsula  area  mixed  stock                                                                    
     salmon  fisheries last  year.  This is  one of  several                                                                    
     marine  mixed   stock  fisheries  that  are   known  to                                                                    
     intercept fish of Bering Sea  coastal origin. Our study                                                                    
     was designed  to assess  whether stock  compositions in                                                                    
     this fishery changed from  when we previously evaluated                                                                    
     as   part   of   the  Western   Alaska   Salmon   Stock                                                                    
     Identification Program (WASSIP)  study conducted over a                                                                    
     decade ago.                                                                                                                
     So, what  did we  learn? From fish  ticket information,                                                                    
     we know that 817,279 chum  salmon were harvested in the                                                                    
     South Peninsula fisheries  in all of 2022.  This is 78%                                                                    
     of the  recent 10-year average. Of  these, 544,137 were                                                                    
     harvested during  June, which from previous  studies is                                                                    
     the  time period  when summer  chum of  coastal western                                                                    
     Alaska origin are harvested in this fishery.                                                                               
2:13:07 PM                                                                                                                    
     For  the June  fishery, about  58% of  the chum  salmon                                                                    
     harvested were  of Asian origin  and about 18%  were of                                                                    
     coastal Alaska  origin. That is  to say about 6  out of                                                                    
     every 10  chum salmon  harvested were of  Asian origin.                                                                    
     In  contrast, less  than 2  out of  10 were  of coastal                                                                    
     western   Alaska   origin.   Coastal   western   Alaska                                                                    
     represents a grouping of  Bristol Bay, Kuskokwim River,                                                                    
     Yukon  River  summer,  and  Norton  Sound  summer  chum                                                                    
     salmon. Unfortunately,  we cannot  differentiate stocks                                                                    
     within this grouping with current genetic technology.                                                                      
     Bottom line, our study showed  that about 96,000 summer                                                                    
     chum of  coastal western  Alaska origin  were harvested                                                                    
     in  the  South  Peninsula fisheries  last  year  during                                                                    
     June.  Based on  preliminary  run reconstruction  data,                                                                    
     this  represents  about  a 6%  harvest  rate  on  these                                                                    
     stocks as  a group.  Again, this number  represents the                                                                    
     total number  of summer chum stocks  of coastal western                                                                    
     Alaska origin  that were harvested. That  is, these are                                                                    
     not all of  Yukon and Kuskokwim River  origin. They are                                                                    
     also of Bristol Bay and Norton Sound origin.                                                                               
     This is information  that we presented to  the Board of                                                                    
     Fisheries  at  their  recent meeting  to  inform  their                                                                    
     The  two primary  questions the  Board  faced at  their                                                                    
     meeting  were:   What  was   an  acceptable   level  of                                                                    
     intercept  harvest, and  how could  harvest of  coastal                                                                    
     western Alaska chum salmon be reduced?                                                                                     
2:14:29 PM                                                                                                                    
     Proposal  140, which  was  submitted  by the  Fairbanks                                                                    
     Advisory  Committee  and  supported  by  Tanana  Chiefs                                                                    
     Conference (TCC)  and others, called for  adoption of a                                                                    
     previous  management  approach   that  restricted  time                                                                    
     fished. They postulated that  chum salmon harvest could                                                                    
     be reduced solely on reduction  of time alone. However,                                                                    
     when  this management  plan was  utilized in  the early                                                                    
     2000s, it  did not significantly reduce  the harvest of                                                                    
     chum salmon,  and given the  improved fishing  power of                                                                    
     the modern Purse Seine fleet,  the Department could not                                                                    
     guarantee  that chum  salmon harvest  would be  reduced                                                                    
     based solely  on time restrictions.  Based on  this and                                                                    
     other  information,   the  Board  chose  to   not  pass                                                                    
     proposal 140. It failed on a 3-4 vote.                                                                                     
     Instead, they  adopted a hybrid  approach, specifically                                                                    
     designed to reduce the harvest  of chum salmon in June,                                                                    
        • Closed a known area of high chum harvests (Sanak                                                                      
          Island sections) to commercial fishing for salmon                                                                     
          during June.                                                                                                          
        • Reduced commercial salmon fishing time with purse                                                                     
          seine gear in June by a minimum of 13%.                                                                               
        • Increased the length of closure windows to allow                                                                      
          chum salmon passage through the fishery.                                                                              
        • Created chum salmon harvest limit triggers that                                                                       
          restrict  and  potentially  close  the  commercial                                                                    
          purse seine  fishery in June,  if they are  met or                                                                    
          exceeded. A  trigger of 300,000 chum  was set that                                                                    
          if exceeded after the  second opening would reduce                                                                    
          fishing time by  44 hours for the  third period. A                                                                    
          second  trigger   of  450,000  was  set   that  if                                                                    
          exceeded after  the third  period would  close the                                                                    
          fourth period, a reduction of 88 hours.                                                                               
        • Expressed an expectation, and received commitment                                                                     
          from  the  fishing  industry,  that  the  industry                                                                    
          coordinate efforts  to reduce chum  salmon harvest                                                                    
          based on  a signed agreement that  reduced harvest                                                                    
          last year.  This included  waiving confidentiality                                                                    
          and    forming    voluntary   cooperatives.    The                                                                    
          cooperatives  were  formed   last  year  and  were                                                                    
          successful  in  reducing  chum harvests  from  1.1                                                                    
          million chum in 2021 to 544,000 chum last year.                                                                       
     This proposal passed by a vote of 4-3.                                                                                     
2:16:47 PM                                                                                                                    
     I want to  note that many people were  involved in this                                                                    
     outcome,  which occurred  over  a  7-day period  during                                                                    
     which  public comment  was taken,  a  committee of  the                                                                    
     whole  discussion  occurred  and  numerous  after  hour                                                                    
     discussions occurred.                                                                                                      
     As with all compromise  solutions, people on both sides                                                                    
     of the issue  were not happy with  the outcome. Inriver                                                                    
     users  felt the  Board let  them down  by not  adopting                                                                    
     their  preferred  solution. South  Peninsula  fishermen                                                                    
     felt  they   unnecessarily  lost   traditional  sockeye                                                                    
     salmon harvest opportunity.                                                                                                
     This season will  tell the tale of the  outcome. If the                                                                    
     fishery  is  prosecuted,  we will  closely  monitor  it                                                                    
     inseason.  We   will  also,   assuming  a   fishery  is                                                                    
     prosecuted, conduct a second  year of genetic sampling.                                                                    
     If the  fishery is  cancelled, we will  not be  able to                                                                    
     conduct  this study.  We have  also spoken  with public                                                                    
     safety to beef up  enforcement to address the perceived                                                                    
     issue of  chum chucking.  Finally, we will  monitor the                                                                    
     cooperatives to ensure they are  operating as agreed to                                                                    
     and envisioned.                                                                                                            
2:17:50 PM                                                                                                                    
     In closing, as with  many Board of Fisheries decisions,                                                                    
     and  also  the  legislative process,  not  everyone  is                                                                    
     always  happy with  the outcomes.  But  in both  cases,                                                                    
       it's not for a lack of thoughtful deliberation and                                                                       
2:18:17 PM                                                                                                                    
KAREN   GILLIS,  Program   Director,   Bearing  Sea   Fishermen's                                                               
Association (BSFA), Anchorage, Alaska,  stated that BSFA works to                                                               
support  small boat  fishermen in  the Arctic,  Yukon, Kuskokwim,                                                               
and Bristol  Bay regions. She  said SB  128 will solve  a problem                                                               
that the Board  of Fisheries failed to  address effectively. That                                                               
problem is  that for  more than  a decade  Area M  management has                                                               
prioritized commercial  fishing over escapement  and subsistence,                                                               
in violation  of state law and  the policies that guide  Board of                                                               
Fisheries decisions.  ADF&G has documented the  severe decline in                                                               
chum  salmon in  Western  Alaska. In  2021  and 2021,  escapement                                                               
goals  were not  met  throughout the  Yukon  and Kuskokwim  river                                                               
system,  and  subsistence  harvests   were  severely  limited  or                                                               
completely  closed   throughout  the  season.   Meanwhile,  ADF&G                                                               
documented that  the Area M  fishery harvested over  210,000 chum                                                               
salmon the last two years. These  fish were bound for the Western                                                               
Alaska Rivers that are failing to meet escapement goals.                                                                        
She referenced  a 2012 ADF&G Special  Publication that identifies                                                               
the stock  competition of chum  salmon harvested in  fisheries of                                                               
the Western  Alaska Salmon Stock Identification  Program. It says                                                               
that Area  M is composed  primarily of migratory  salmon pathways                                                               
where discrete salmon stocks need  protection from overharvest to                                                               
prevent poor escapement.  Chum and Chinook transiting  Area M are                                                               
weak and  need protection.  The law  and the  Alaska constitution                                                               
are clear  that ensuring  chum salmon  meet escapement  goals and                                                               
subsistence needs  in the AYK region  is a priority of  ADF&G and                                                               
the  Board of  Fisheries. If  a stock  cannot provide  reasonable                                                               
opportunity for  subsistence, all other uses  must be eliminated.                                                               
For  all  fisheries in  Alaska  with  the  exception of  Area  M,                                                               
ADF&G's  policy  and  practice  is   to  manage  to  meet  salmon                                                               
escapement goals and to close  commercial fishing on a stock when                                                               
escapement needs or reasonable  opportunities for subsistence are                                                               
not  being  met.  This  is  not  being  applied  to  the  Area  M                                                               
commercial salmon intercept fishery.                                                                                            
In February 2023, the Board of  Fisheries voted to allow the Area                                                               
M fisheries to  continue to harvest Western  Alaska chums without                                                               
any  meaningful  windows  for   chum  passage.  For  decades  AYK                                                               
residents  have voiced  concerns about  changes in  salmon stocks                                                               
that  have  sustained  the  people  for  millennia.  There  is  a                                                               
multispecies salmon  decline in  Western Alaska  and there  is no                                                               
provision  for escapement  and subsistence  priority or  in-river                                                               
commercial  fishing  in  the foreseeable  future.  The  continued                                                               
interception of  migrating chum  salmon in  Area M  threatens the                                                               
sustainability and  future of coastal Western  Alaska chum salmon                                                               
and  the   fisheries  they  once  supported.   Stakeholders  have                                                               
exhausted  their  administrative  remedies   with  the  Board  of                                                               
Fisheries. She asked  the legislature to take  action and provide                                                               
lawful  restrictions on  the commercial  fishery in  Area M  as a                                                               
remedy to the Board of Fisheries inability to follow the law.                                                                   
CHAIR CLAMAN asked her to submit her remarks in writing.                                                                        
2:23:16 PM                                                                                                                    
VIRGIL  UMPHENOUR,  Member,  Fairbanks  Fish  and  Game  Advisory                                                               
Committee,  Fairbanks,  Alaska,  provided  invited  testimony  in                                                               
support of  SB 128. He shared  that he served three  terms on the                                                               
Board  of Fisheries  and tried  very  hard to  get a  responsible                                                               
fishery in Area 140. That measure  passed 7:0 in 2001, but it was                                                               
subsequently  changed from  3  16-hour openings  per  week to  88                                                               
hours of fishing  with 32 hours off in June.  He pointed out that                                                               
the Area M fishery  is the only fishery in the  state that is not                                                               
managed on  escapement goals.  He noted that  the Yukon  River is                                                               
managed on escapement goals in  Alaska and Canada. He highlighted                                                               
that during  the last  meeting, the Board  of Fisheries  not only                                                               
did not  pass Proposition 140,  but also ignored  the Sustainable                                                               
Salmon  Policy that  is  in  regulation. He  read  an excerpt  to                                                               
support   the  point.   Furthermore,  the   board  violated   the                                                               
allocation  criteria set  out in  AS  16.05.251. He  specifically                                                               
cited subsections  (e)(3) and (4)  about providing  residents the                                                               
opportunity to  obtain fish for  personal and  family consumption                                                               
and the availability of alternative  fisheries resources. That is                                                               
nonexistent  in the  AYK while  Area M  had 225  other commercial                                                               
fishing  permits  in  use  in  2021 in  addition  to  the  salmon                                                               
2:27:21 PM                                                                                                                    
BRIAN  RIDLEY,   Chief,  Chair,  and  President,   Tanana  Chiefs                                                               
Conference (TCC),  Tanana, Alaska, provided invited  testimony in                                                               
support  of SB  128.  He is  from  the village  of  Eagle on  the                                                               
Canadian border. He  stated support for the bill and  the idea of                                                               
sustainable salmon  management, which  is lacking largely  due to                                                               
decisions made  by the Board  of Fisheries and ADF&G.  He charged                                                               
that following three  days of public testimony  and expert advice                                                               
from renowned fishery scientists,  the Board of Fisheries ignored                                                               
that  testimony  and  failed  to  prioritize  sustainability  and                                                               
subsistence in favor  of commercial salmon interests.  This was a                                                               
clear  violation of  regulatory  and  statutory requirements.  In                                                               
closing comments,  he said two of  the four members who  voted in                                                               
favor of the current proposal said they voted for the money.                                                                    
He stated  that TCC understands  that the interception  of salmon                                                               
in Area  M and salmon bycatch  in the Bering Sea  Pollack are not                                                               
alone to  blame for the  collapse of  chum and Chinook  runs, but                                                               
the situation in  the Yukon River is so dire  that each and every                                                               
chum and Chinook  salmon counts. The more than  18,000 people TCC                                                               
serves  have already  sacrificed  for years  by  not fishing  for                                                               
salmon  and practicing  their way  of life.  Salmon is  more than                                                               
sustenance;  it  is  essential to  members'  physical,  economic,                                                               
cultural,  and  physical wellbeing.  He  called  on everyone  who                                                               
makes up the Area M commercial  fleet to join in the conservation                                                               
efforts to  rebuild the  area salmon  populations before  they go                                                               
MR.  RIDLEY  concluded by  saying  that  SB  128 can  change  the                                                               
trajectory of  salmon management  in Area M  and allow  salmon to                                                               
return  to  the   Yukon  and  Kuskokwim  rivers.   He  urged  the                                                               
legislature to support SB 128.                                                                                                  
2:31:14 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR CLAMAN opened public testimony on SB 128.                                                                                 
2:31:38 PM                                                                                                                    
ERNIE WEISS,  Natural Resources Director, Aleutian  East Borough,                                                               
Anchorage, Alaska, testified in opposition  to SB 128. He relayed                                                               
that he  had attended  all the Board  of Fisheries  meetings this                                                               
year, including  the Alaska Peninsula, Aleutian  Islands, Chignik                                                               
finfish   meeting,  and   the  Arctic,   Yukon/Kuskokwim  finfish                                                               
meeting. He  stated that the  action the Board of  Fisheries took                                                               
during  the Alaska  Peninsula meeting  in February  was based  on                                                               
science  and  the  public  process  was  robust.  The  meaningful                                                               
restrictions imposed  on the South Alaska  Peninsula June fishery                                                               
are meant  to move more chum  salmon through the area.  He opined                                                               
that the  restrictions coupled  with the  action plan  this fleet                                                               
enacted will  significantly reduce  chum harvest. He  pointed out                                                               
that the action  plan this fleet enacted in 2022  resulted in the                                                               
lowest chum to sockeye ratio  since limited entry was enacted. He                                                               
highlighted  that  the  science  presented  during  the  February                                                               
meeting  showed  that  climate  change   was  the  cause  of  the                                                               
struggling  salmon  stocks,  not the  Alaska  Peninsula  fishery.                                                               
Furthermore, genetic  testing shows that  80 percent of  the chum                                                               
salmon caught  in this  mixed stock fishery  are bound  for Asia.                                                               
Closing  the Area  M June  salmon fishery  will not  fix the  AYK                                                               
salmon   issues,  but   it  will   hurt  borough   fishermen  and                                                               
communities. He concluded by saying  that overriding the Board of                                                               
Fisheries by passing SB 128 would set a poor precedent.                                                                         
2:33:36 PM                                                                                                                    
ABBY FREDERICK, Director of  Communications & Investor Relations,                                                               
Silver  Bay  Seafoods  (SBS), Juneau,  Alaska,  stated  that  SBS                                                               
opposes  SB  128 but  shares  the  concern about  Western  Alaska                                                               
salmon  stocks. They  support efforts  to  better understand  the                                                               
cause  of  the  declines  and   find  meaningful  solutions  that                                                               
strengthen  healthy  sustainable  ecosystems.  She  said  climate                                                               
change is warming Alaska twice as fast  as the rest of the US and                                                               
it is  disheartening to hear  about the impacts that  climate and                                                               
changes  in  the ocean  are  having  on Alaska's  salmon  stocks.                                                               
Nevertheless, SBS  still cannot support the  punitive actions put                                                               
forth in  SB 128;  they will devastate  the Alaska  Peninsula but                                                               
won't benefit the  AYK salmon stocks. She described  the Board of                                                               
Fisheries action during the February  meeting as significant. She                                                               
highlighted that while the board  restricted fishing a minimum of                                                               
13 percent, additional actions in  the decision potentially could                                                               
reduce the commercial fishery further.  She opined that the Board                                                               
of Fisheries'  action coupled with the  fleet's adaptive approach                                                               
is the best path forward.                                                                                                       
2:35:45 PM                                                                                                                    
ALISSA   NADINE   ROGERS,    Director   of   Natural   Resources,                                                               
Orutsararmiut  Native  Council,   Bethel,  Alaska,  testified  in                                                               
support of  SB 128. She stated  that the Yupik people  are strong                                                               
and resilient,  but nothing but  ashes is  left of what  was once                                                               
the  largest unaltered  King  Salmon fishery  in  the world.  She                                                               
stated  that  the  tribe  is heavily  involved  in  this  fishery                                                               
through science  and traditional  knowledge. Many  tribal members                                                               
live in  poverty and  their economy  is the  subsistence harvest.                                                               
She described  the importance of the  Aleutians commercial salmon                                                               
fishery  and the  production of  oil to  the state's  economy and                                                               
questioned  the reason  for selling  Alaskan oil  dirt cheap  and                                                               
punishing   the  Alaskan   people  for   the  lack   of  economic                                                               
infrastructure.  She  pointed  out  that the  Yupik  people  have                                                               
sustained  themselves  on  their  fishery for  more  than  10,000                                                               
years. She  emphasized the importance  of allowing  for substance                                                               
harvest throughout the Arctic, Yukon,  Kuskokwim, and Bristol Bay                                                               
rivers. She reiterated support for SB 128.                                                                                      
2:38:19 PM                                                                                                                    
CARLIN HOBLET, representing self,  Anchorage, Alaska, stated that                                                               
he is  an Area  M seiner  who was urging  the legislature  not to                                                               
undermine  the established  system  for  fisheries management  in                                                               
Alaska. He  maintained that hearing SB  128 disregarded appointed                                                               
officials  who have  dedicated their  careers to  fishery science                                                               
and  management. He  posited that  passing the  bill would  set a                                                               
dangerous precedent  throughout state government. He  pointed out                                                               
that countless hours  of research into the salmon  crashes in the                                                               
Yukon and  Kuskokwim Rivers had  shown that the Area  M fisheries                                                               
are not  a significant contributing factor.  Nevertheless, Area M                                                               
fishermen  have implemented  a self-management  plan to  maximize                                                               
the  number  of  chum  and Chinook  transiting  the  area.  Their                                                               
interest is  for the greater  good of fellow Alaskans,  and their                                                               
mission is to  rebuild endangered salmon stocks  so Alaskans will                                                               
still  being able  to  participate  in the  fishery  that is  the                                                               
foundation of the region. He posited  that SB 128 will not return                                                               
salmon to  the endangered rivers  because climate is  the leading                                                               
factor in the  decline. He urged the committee to  prevent SB 128                                                               
from advancing.                                                                                                                 
2:40:42 PM                                                                                                                    
CHARLOTTE LEVY,  Natural Resources Assistant  Director, Aleutians                                                               
East Borough,  Anchorage, Alaska,  testified in opposition  to SB
128.  She stated  that for  many  years she  has participated  in                                                               
Board of  Fisheries meetings  and worked  with Area  M fishermen.                                                               
She  pointed out  that fisheries  management is  complex and  the                                                               
state has developed a rigorous  and comprehensive process for its                                                               
management.  The Board  of Fisheries  relies on  science and  the                                                               
lived  experience of  stakeholders. Board  processes exist  for a                                                               
reason;  they  require  extensive resources,  time,  and  subject                                                               
matter expertise  that is not  available within  the legislature.                                                               
She  opined  that passing  SB  128  would  set a  precedent  that                                                               
potentially  would undermine  all board  processes in  the state.                                                               
She concluded  by reminding the  committee that the  fishermen in                                                               
Area M are predominantly Alaska  residents who operate boats that                                                               
are  under  60  feet.  They are  subsistence  users  and  borough                                                               
residents who  live and work  in remote communities  year around.                                                               
The borough  is responsible for critical  infrastructure in these                                                               
communities  and the  Area M  fishery contributes  upwards of  28                                                               
percent  of  the  borough's  fish  tax  revenue.  She  questioned                                                               
cherry-picking  this   one  fishery  because  it   would  be  the                                                               
harbinger of borough and community collapse.                                                                                    
2:42:33 PM                                                                                                                    
DALE  PEDERSEN, representing  self,  Sand  Point, Alaska,  stated                                                               
that  he  is  a  50-year  Area  M  fisherman  and  setnetter  who                                                               
wholeheartedly opposes  SB 128.  He said  the Board  of Fisheries                                                               
meeting  in  February  was  well   attended  and  like  all  such                                                               
meetings, there were  no winners. Like them  or not, stakeholders                                                               
have  always lived  with Board  of Fisheries'  decisions. If  the                                                               
legislature were to  override the Board of  Fisheries decision by                                                               
passing SB 128,  it would upset this precedence.  He also pointed                                                               
out  that by  the time  the board  made its  decision, many  boat                                                               
owners had  already invested significant  money in  their fishing                                                               
operations, thinking there would be  a June fishery. He urged the                                                               
committee to instead spend time  looking at why salmon smolt were                                                               
having difficulty  surviving and returning salmon  were starving.                                                               
He opined  that it was  due to poor  conditions in the  ocean. He                                                               
urged  the committee  to  hold  SB 128  and  allow  the Board  of                                                               
Fisheries and ADF&G do the jobs they do so well.                                                                                
2:44:02 PM                                                                                                                    
DAVID POLUSHKIN, representing self,  Wasilla, Alaska, stated that                                                               
he has fished  in Area M for  36 years, and is a  board member of                                                               
Concerned  Area   M  Fishermen  (CAMF).  He   advised  that  CAMF                                                               
represents more than 80 percent of  the drift fleet in Area M. He                                                               
also represents  54 fishing vessels from  the Russian communities                                                               
on the  Kenai Peninsula and  MatSu Borough. He  stated opposition                                                               
to SB  128, which  would deal  a devastating blow  to the  Area M                                                               
fishery  without any  noticeable  benefit to  returns in  Western                                                               
Alaska rivers. He  reminded the committee that this  was tried in                                                               
Area  M  in  2001-2003;  it  decimated the  fishery  but  had  no                                                               
noticeable benefit  to the Western  Alaska chum salmon  stock. SB
128  would be  even worse  because it  also proposes  closing the                                                               
north side  of the  Area M  fishery even  though chums  bound for                                                               
Western Alaska  aren't caught there.  He continued that  the bill                                                               
overrides  the Board  of  Fisheries decision  that  was based  on                                                               
science  and stakeholder  experience. The  legislature voted  for                                                               
Board of Fisheries  members and should let them do  their job. He                                                               
urged the committee to oppose SB 128.                                                                                           
2:46:13 PM                                                                                                                    
CONNOR MURPHY, representing self,  Kodiak, Alaska, stated that he                                                               
is  a lifelong  Alaskan,  a subsistence  user,  and a  commercial                                                               
fisherman. Most  of his  income comes  from his  setnet operation                                                               
which would be  shut down completely for the month  of June if SB
128 were to pass. North  Alaska Peninsula districts would be shut                                                               
down as  well. He  explained that the  North Alaska  Peninsula is                                                               
managed based on escapement in  specific rivers. He reported that                                                               
just 154 chums were caught in  June last year on the North Alaska                                                               
Peninsula  and there  was no  genetic  evidence that  any of  the                                                               
chums  would  struggle  in  Western   Alaska  river  systems.  He                                                               
continued  that there  was no  proposal or  testimony before  the                                                               
Board of  Fisheries about closing  the North Alaska  Peninsula in                                                               
June for chums bound for these  river systems. The Area M fishery                                                               
is complex  and SB 128 fails  to grasp that fact.  He opined that                                                               
overriding  the Board  of Fisheries'  process directly  threatens                                                               
all fisheries in the state and  all board processes. He urged the                                                               
committee  to   leave  fisheries  management  to   the  Board  of                                                               
Fisheries and ADF&G, as has been the case since statehood.                                                                      
2:47:54 PM                                                                                                                    
CHELSAE RADELL,  Assistant Director, Alaska Groundfish  Data Bank                                                               
(AGBD),  Kodiak,  Alaska,  stated  that AGDB  is  a  member-based                                                               
organization  that  represents  shoreside  processors  and  trawl                                                               
vessels  that  are  mostly  home-ported  in  Kodiak.  She  voiced                                                               
explicit  opposition to  SB 128  and  stated support  for Area  M                                                               
fishermen.  Instead of  repeating the  extensive scientific  data                                                               
that was presented  in February, she said she would  focus on the                                                               
larger issue  of the  dangerous precedent that  would be  set for                                                               
fisheries  management in  Alaska  if  SB 128  were  to pass.  She                                                               
reminded the committee  that the Board of  Fisheries is comprised                                                               
of experts and stakeholders with  the knowledge and experience to                                                               
delve  into  the  complex  issue  of  fisheries  management.  The                                                               
members  are   appointed  based  on  their   experience  and  the                                                               
legislature  has control  over who  is  confirmed to  sit on  the                                                               
Board of  Fisheries. She  disputed the notion  that the  Board of                                                               
Fisheries  somehow failed  to act  during  the February  meeting.                                                               
They took  action to  significantly restrict  the Area  M fishery                                                               
while implementing  adaptive measures  to allow more  chum salmon                                                               
to transit  the area. She  emphasized that any action  to further                                                               
restrict  the fishery  outside the  board process  undermines the                                                               
authority  of the  Board  of  Fisheries on  this  and all  future                                                               
fishery management issues  in the state. She  urged the committee                                                               
to hold SB 128.                                                                                                                 
2:50:07 PM                                                                                                                    
BLAIR  HICKSON, representing  Anvik River  Lodge, Anvik,  Alaska,                                                               
stated that he  had been in the  area for 28 years,  which is the                                                               
primary spawning grounds  for chum salmon in the  Yukon River. He                                                               
reported the  high and low chum  salmon numbers in the  river and                                                               
stated  that there  was  no question  the  spawning rivers  could                                                               
still  house these  fish. The  water  temperatures have  remained                                                               
fairly stable. He  stated support for SB 128  and emphasized that                                                               
every salmon that swims up these rivers and spawns counts.                                                                      
2:51:31 PM                                                                                                                    
VIVIAN KORTHUIS, Chief Executive  Officer, Association of Village                                                               
Council  Presidents  (AVCP),  Bethel, Alaska,  stated  that  AVCP                                                               
represents 56  tribes along  the Yukon  and Kuskokwim  rivers and                                                               
the  Bering   Sea  coast  in   Western  Alaska.  She   urged  the                                                               
legislature to  protect Alaskans  by passing SB  128, maintaining                                                               
that the  Board of Fisheries was  not doing its job  and ignoring                                                               
state law.  She described the  current situation as  the greatest                                                               
natural resource  crises that had  ever occurred in  Alaska. This                                                               
is  a generational  and humanitarian  crisis and  a food  famine.                                                               
Chum  salmon  numbers have  crashed  since  2020 resulting  in  a                                                               
failure to  provide escapement and meet  subsistence needs. There                                                               
are no  more conservation actions that  AYK subsistence fishermen                                                               
can take. She urged the committee to support SB 128.                                                                            
2:54:03 PM                                                                                                                    
ADOLPH  LUPIE,  representing  self, Tuntutuliak,  Alaska,  stated                                                               
that  he   is  a   subsistence  hunter   and  fisherman   who  is                                                               
representing  his village  in  support  of SB  128.  He made  the                                                               
following points: 1)  2019 was the first year of  the chum salmon                                                               
crash;  2) chum  salmon crashed  in 2021  in both  the Yukon  and                                                               
Kuskokwim rivers,  3) chum  salmon numbers  remained very  low in                                                               
2022,  4) Area  M  interception  in 2021  was  over 210,000  chum                                                               
salmon  and  bycatch was  51,500  that  were headed  for  Western                                                               
Alaska  and  the  Tuntutuliak commercial  fishery;  5)  Board  of                                                               
Fisheries management of Area M  prioritizes commercial fishing in                                                               
violation  of state  law; 6)  people in  Tuntutuliak are  hurting                                                               
from the  lack of fish; and  7) chum salmon is  needed during the                                                               
summer  to  meet food  needs  during  the  winter. He  urged  the                                                               
committee to act.                                                                                                               
2:56:37 PM                                                                                                                    
STACY  ARBELOVSKY,  representing  self, Kasilof,  Alaska,  stated                                                               
that he  is a lifelong Alaskan  who has commercial fished  for 49                                                               
years. He  owns and operates a  drift gillnet boat and  permit in                                                               
Area M  and is a member  of Concerned Area Fishermen.  He opposes                                                               
SB 128.  He stated that the  Board of Fisheries took  action this                                                               
winter against  the June fishery  to help chum salmon  to transit                                                               
the  area  during  times  of abundance.  This  included  loss  of                                                               
fishing time,  area closures and  the adaptive  fleet cooperative                                                               
to stand down and move  fishing areas when implemented. He opined                                                               
that this was a good management  plan for the fishery. He pointed                                                               
out that SB 128 would also  shut down the North Peninsula fishery                                                               
for  setnet   and  gillnet  fishing,   which  was  not   part  of                                                               
Proposition 140. He  said that genetic studies  and sampling have                                                               
shown that this fishery does not  harvest any AYK chum salmon. He                                                               
emphasized  that  the June  fishery  on  the North  Peninsula  is                                                               
extremely  important to  the  set and  drift  gillnet fleets.  He                                                               
spoke  against having  five sockeye  rivers  over-escaped from  a                                                               
closure  that is  not science-based.  He asked  the committee  to                                                               
consider the  real motive of  SB 128  and urged the  committee to                                                               
support fisheries management that is based on science.                                                                          
2:58:45 PM                                                                                                                    
RICHARD  DAVIS, Member,  Board  of  Directors, Seafood  Producers                                                               
Cooperative, Juneau,  Alaska, testified in opposition  to SB 128.                                                               
He  stated  that  the  cooperative is  the  largest  and  longest                                                               
surviving trade association of commercial  fishermen on the North                                                               
American  Continent. The  cooperative  paid $0.5  million in  raw                                                               
fish business tax  to the State of Alaska this  year. He stressed                                                               
that the  legislative process  should not  be used  to contravene                                                               
Board  of  Fisheries  management   decisions.  The  fishermen  he                                                               
represents don't  always like the Board  of Fisheries' decisions,                                                               
but they live with them.  Thus, the Seafood Producers Cooperative                                                               
opposes SB 128.                                                                                                                 
3:00:54 PM                                                                                                                    
DENNIS ZADRA,  representing self,  Cordova, Alaska,  testified in                                                               
opposition  to SB  128.  He echoed  the  previous testimony  that                                                               
science should  govern decisions on fisheries.  The board process                                                               
should be respected.                                                                                                            
3:02:03 PM                                                                                                                    
PHYLLIS  SHIRRON, representing  self, Cordova,  Alaska, testified                                                               
in  opposition  to SB  128.  She  posited  that the  bill  wasn't                                                               
developed with  a comprehensive  understanding of  the watersheds                                                               
or communities  it would  impact. It does  not take  into account                                                               
the  biomass effects  of all  the river  systems or  far-reaching                                                               
negative economic effects to families  and communities in Area M.                                                               
Furthermore, SB 128  blatantly undermines the power  and value of                                                               
the  public  process and  managerial  plans  that are  in  place.                                                               
Passing  SB 28  would  set a  precedent  for overriding  existing                                                               
regulatory and  managerial agencies through the  legislature. She                                                               
urged the committee to oppose SB 128.                                                                                           
3:04:01 PM                                                                                                                    
CHARLES  LEAN,  Chair,  Northern   Norton  Sound  Fish  and  Game                                                               
Advisory  Committee, Nome,  Alaska, stated  that he  was speaking                                                               
from the  heart in  support of  SB 128. He  stated that  a public                                                               
process is  only as good as  its rules. What is  happening is the                                                               
Board  of   Fisheries  is  not   following  the  rules   that  it                                                               
promulgated.  He pointed  out that  the majority  of AYK  has not                                                               
fished for  chum and Chinook  salmon for three years  and fishing                                                               
for  coho salmon  has  been  limited. At  issue  is  the lack  of                                                               
adequate  escapement  and  the replenishment  of  the  runs  that                                                               
support an area the size  of Texas with 130,000 Alaska residents.                                                               
He  concluded  by  emphasizing  that  this  crisis  needs  to  be                                                               
addressed;  the  department  and   Board  of  Fisheries  are  not                                                               
following the rules and it is time to step in and take over.                                                                    
3:06:21 PM                                                                                                                    
PETER  HAMRE, representing  self, Homer,  Alaska, stated  that he                                                               
owns and  operates a  fishing boat on  the Alaska  Peninsula, and                                                               
more than  half his income  comes from  the Area M  June fishery.                                                               
Thus, he  is opposed to  SB 128.  Board of Fisheries  members are                                                               
carefully vetted,  whereas the legislature  has neither  the time                                                               
nor  expertise to  take  on fisheries  management.  He urged  the                                                               
committee not to go down this path.                                                                                             
3:06:56 PM                                                                                                                    
SCOTT  ADAMS,  representing  self, Homer,  Alaska,  testified  in                                                               
opposition to SB 128.  He stated that he worked in  Area M for 10                                                               
years and he feels the bill  is going in the wrong direction. The                                                               
Board  of Fisheries  and the  fishers in  Area M  are working  to                                                               
restrict the chum  catch. He opined that fisheries  should not be                                                               
managed legislatively.                                                                                                          
3:08:12 PM                                                                                                                    
DANNY   CUMBERLODGE,   representing  self,   Sandpoint,   Alaska,                                                               
testified in opposition to SB 128.  He sat through the 12 days of                                                               
Board of Fisheries meetings and  listened to all the science that                                                               
was presented.  He believes the  board made the best  decision it                                                               
could. All parties  sacrificed. He opined that  adopting the bill                                                               
would make the Board of Fisheries process irrelevant.                                                                           
3:09:18 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR OLSON  offered closing comments that  disputed the notion                                                               
that the Board of Fisheries and ADF&G were doing a good job.                                                                    
3:10:02 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  CLAMAN held  SB  128 in  committee  with public  testimony                                                               

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
SB 84 version A 2.24.2023.PDF SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/1/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/5/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 84
SB 84 Transmittal Letter 2.27.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/1/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/5/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 84
SB 84 Sectional Analysis version A 2.24.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/1/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/5/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 84
SB 84 Letters of Support - Received as of 3.23.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/1/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/5/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 84
SB 84 PowerPoint Presentation 4.21.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/1/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/5/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 84
SB 84 Fiscal Note DCCED-DBS 2.16.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/1/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/5/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 84
SB 128 version A 4.12.2023.PDF SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/12/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128
SB 128 Sponsor Statement version A 4.19.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/12/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128
SB 128 Sectional Analysis version A 4.19.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/12/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128
SB 128 Fiscal Note DFG-DCF 4.14.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/12/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128
SB 128 Fiscal Note DOR-TAX 4.14.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/12/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128
SB 128 Letters of Opposition - Received as of 4.21.2023 v.2.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128
SB 128 Letters of Support - Received as of 4.21.2023 v.2.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128
SB 128 Opposing Testimony - Received as of 4.24.2023 2_23 PM.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128
SB 128 Supporting Testimony - Received as of 4.24.2023 10_10 AM.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128
SB 128 Supporting Document - 2022 Kusko Situation Cover Letter & Report 2.17.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/12/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128
SB 128 Supporting Document - Chum Decline Infographics 4.21.2023.pdf SJUD 4/21/2023 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 5/12/2023 1:30:00 PM
SB 128