Legislature(2005 - 2006)BUTROVICH 205

04/25/2006 08:30 AM Senate JUDICIARY

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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
Moved CSHB 308(JUD)am Out of Committee
Heard & Held
Scheduled But Not Heard
<Pending Referral>
Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled
Moved CSHB 439(L&C)am Out of Committee
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
                    HB 308-CALLER ID HACKERS                                                                                
8:39:52 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  RALPH SEEKINS  announced CSHB  308(JUD)  am to  be up  for                                                               
REPRESENTATIVE BOB  LYNN, bill sponsor,  introduced the  bill. He                                                               
warned  the committee  that the  telephone caller  identification                                                               
(ID) system is no longer  to be trusted. Both private individuals                                                               
and   commercial   "spoofers"   can  now   cause   false   caller                                                               
identification to be displayed on any caller ID screen.                                                                         
The  power to  create serious  mischief with  caller ID  spoofing                                                               
technology is  almost unlimited. It  can facilitate fraud  and be                                                               
potentially  dangerous. Scam  artists  who appear  to be  phoning                                                               
from a reputable  agency can defraud victims with  ease. There is                                                               
also potential for  hoax emergency calls with false  caller ID to                                                               
law enforcement or the fire department.                                                                                         
Anyone with  sufficient computer and telephonic  skills can spoof                                                               
telephone  caller  ID  systems.  In  fact,  an  entire  telephone                                                               
spoofing  industry  has  emerged   and  is  growing  daily.  CSHB
308(JUD) am  would make it a  class B misdemeanor for  any person                                                               
who inserts  false information  into a  caller ID  system, except                                                               
for legitimate reasons.                                                                                                         
8:43:28 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR HOLLIS FRENCH  asked whether there has  been any spoofing                                                               
done in Alaska.                                                                                                                 
REPRESENTATIVE LYNN said probably but he had no evidence of it.                                                                 
SENATOR FRENCH asked Representative  Lynn whether he checked with                                                               
the Consumer  Protection Agency and  law enforcement  agencies to                                                               
see whether this is a problem in Alaska.                                                                                        
REPRESENTATIVE LYNN said no.                                                                                                    
SENATOR  FRENCH asked  whether the  attorney general  or any  law                                                               
enforcement agency has contacted him regarding the issue.                                                                       
REPRESENTATIVE LYNN said no.                                                                                                    
DIRK MOFFATT,  Staff to  Representative Lynn,  directed committee                                                               
members  to a  letter  of support  in the  bill  packet from  the                                                               
Alaska Network for Domestic Violence  and Sexual Assault. He said                                                               
it was a  new issue. Anyone can purchase what  is called a "spoof                                                               
card,"  phone into  a call  center, enter  the phone  number they                                                               
want displayed on the caller ID,  enter a name, and even select a                                                               
change of voice. It takes no special skills to do so.                                                                           
8:46:43 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR GRETCHEN GUESS joined the meeting.                                                                                      
SENATOR FRENCH  asked whether a  person wanting to  protect their                                                               
identity could still do so.                                                                                                     
MR. MOFFATT  said that  option is  available through  the regular                                                               
phone company  service. The  bill is trying  to stop  people from                                                               
pretending to be an institution such as "Bank of America."                                                                      
REPRESENTATIVE  LYNN added  that entering  the false  information                                                               
would be the  crime. Caller ID spoofing is very  easy to do using                                                               
voice-over technology.                                                                                                          
SENATOR  CHARLIE HUGGINS  asked  Mr. Moffatt  how detectable  the                                                               
spoofing is.                                                                                                                    
MR. MOFFATT said it is very difficult to catch someone doing it.                                                                
8:49:39 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  HUGGINS asked  whether it  was  easy to  ensure that  an                                                               
innocent person was not charged with the crime.                                                                                 
REPRESENTATIVE  LYNN  responded  that   the  call  would  not  be                                                               
emanating from an  innocent person's phone. It  would just appear                                                               
that  it was  coming  from someone  else's  phone. United  States                                                               
Congressman Tim Murphy was a victim  of caller ID spoofing and is                                                               
currently encouraging  all fifty  states to enact  legislation of                                                               
the same type.                                                                                                                  
CHAIR SEEKINS noted he uses a  calling card to make long distance                                                               
calls and  the number displayed  on the  caller ID system  is not                                                               
the number from where he is  calling. He asked whether that would                                                               
be a violation of the law.                                                                                                      
REPRESENTATIVE  LYNN said  he did  not think  so because  in that                                                               
situation there would be no intent to impersonate somebody.                                                                     
8:51:46 AM                                                                                                                    
ROBERT  DOUGLAS, Information  Security  Consultant, informed  the                                                               
committee  of  his  background as  a  private  investigator  with                                                               
experience in  political corruption and  international terrorism.                                                               
He  said  he  testified  before the  United  States  Congress  on                                                               
information  security issues,  such  as  obtaining phone  records                                                               
with deception, and  caller ID spoofing. He  testified in support                                                               
of HB 308.                                                                                                                      
MR. DOUGLAS gave an example where  a swat team was forced to shut                                                               
down a  neighborhood in  New Jersey  after receiving  what seemed                                                               
like a legitimate distress call. It  was later determined to be a                                                               
spoof. It is also possible to cause  a call to appear as if it is                                                               
coming  from  a   person's  home  and  with   a  little  personal                                                               
information,  a "spoofer"  is able  to move  money from  one bank                                                               
account to another.                                                                                                             
8:58:18 AM                                                                                                                    
Senator Gene Therriault joined the meeting.                                                                                     
CHAIR SEEKINS closed public testimony.                                                                                          
SENATOR  HUGGINS  moved  CSHB 308(JUD)  am  from  committee  with                                                               
individual recommendations and attached  fiscal notes. Hearing no                                                               
objections, the motion carried.                                                                                                 

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