Legislature(2021 - 2022)BUTROVICH 205

03/19/2021 09:00 AM EDUCATION

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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
Heard & Held
-- Invited & Public Testimony --
Moved CSSB 20(EDC) Out of Committee
-- Invited & Public Testimony --
Heard & Held
-- Invited & Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
**Streamed live on AKL.tv**
            SB  20-OUT OF STATE TEACHER RECIPROCITY                                                                         
9:10:06 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HOLLAND announced  the consideration of SENATE  BILL NO. 20                                                               
"An Act  relating to recognition of  certificates of out-of-state                                                               
He asked for a motion to adopt the committee substitute (CS).                                                                   
9:10:19 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  STEVENS   moved  to  adopt  the   work  draft  committee                                                               
substitute  (CS)  for  SB  20, work  order  32-LS0202\B,  as  the                                                               
working document.                                                                                                               
9:10:34 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HOLLAND objected  for purposes of discussion  and asked Mr.                                                               
Lamkin to explain the changes.                                                                                                  
9:10:46 AM                                                                                                                    
TIM   LAMKIN,  Staff,   Senator   Gary   Stevens,  Alaska   State                                                               
Legislature,  Juneau, Alaska,  stated the  CS addresses  concerns                                                               
that were brought up. He explained the following changes:                                                                       
     Change #1  The title,  Page 1,  Line 1,  following "relating                                                               
     to"  Delete: "recognition  of  certificates of  out-of-state                                                               
     teachers."  Insert:  "teaching   certificates  for  teachers                                                               
     holding out-of-state certificates."                                                                                        
     Change  #2  (Version  A)  Section  2  (page  2  Lines  8-11)                                                               
     Relating  to a  requirement for  an out-of-state  teacher to                                                               
     have  a baccalaureate  degree, in  version A  this reference                                                               
     was being repealed. Version B maintains the statute.                                                                       
     Change #3 Section 3, relating  to the time period an out-of-                                                               
     state  teacher has  to complete  course trainings  in Alaska                                                               
     and  multi- /  cross-cultural studies,  from three  years to                                                               
     two years.                                                                                                                 
     Change #4 Version A, Section  5 (page 3, Line 1-11) Relating                                                               
     to an  exemption for  out-of-state certificate  holders from                                                               
     having  to hold  a  baccalaureate degree.  This section  was                                                               
     deleted from Version B.                                                                                                    
     Change #5 In version B, a  new section 5 (page 3, Lines 1-3)                                                               
     was drafted,  directing the department to  adopt regulations                                                               
     to assist  in expediting the  issuance of a  certificate for                                                               
     military spouses.                                                                                                          
9:11:50 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  HOLLAND  removed his  objection.  There  being no  further                                                               
objection, version B was before the committee.                                                                                  
SENATOR STEVENS  said he appreciated  the input of  the committee                                                               
to make the bill stronger and better.                                                                                           
CHAIR HOLLAND called on Education  Commission of the States (ECS)                                                               
to make their presentation                                                                                                      
9:12:56 AM                                                                                                                    
CASSIDY FRANCIES, Policy Researcher,  Education Commission of the                                                               
States, Denver, Colorado, introduced herself.                                                                                   
9:13:30 AM                                                                                                                    
TIFFANY MCDOLE,  Senior Policy  Analyst, Education  Commission of                                                               
the States, Denver, Colorado, introduced herself.                                                                               
MS.  FRANCIES  said  that  ECS   is  a  nonadvocacy,  nonpartisan                                                               
organization  that   provides  policy  support   and  independent                                                               
research  to  the  states.  Last  year  ECS  looked  at  policies                                                               
regarding teacher  license reciprocity across the  50 states. She                                                               
showed slide 2 of the  presentation License Reciprocity: National                                                               
Landscape. Research  shows that  teachers are the  most important                                                               
in-school  factor impacting  student  achievement.  As a  result,                                                               
policymakers  take great  interest  in  recruiting and  retaining                                                               
effective teachers.                                                                                                             
MS.  FRANCIES presented  slide 3  and said  many states  struggle                                                               
with teacher shortages. Teacher  shortages are often concentrated                                                               
to  schools with  specific  characteristics  and certain  subject                                                               
areas. Teacher  shortages are impacted  by mismatched  supply and                                                               
demand  and  state  policies.  Any   policy  related  to  teacher                                                               
licensure,  retention and  recruitment,  and license  reciprocity                                                               
will intersect with the issue of teacher shortages.                                                                             
MS.  FRANCIES presented  slide 4  and  said policymakers  balance                                                               
policy  priorities which  seem  to be  in  competition with  each                                                               
     In setting licensure policy, policymakers balance several                                                                  
        • Ensuring all teachers are equipped for the job                                                                        
        • Ensuring there are enough teachers to fill vacancies                                                                  
        • Ensuring that    licensure   requirements    do   not                                                                 
          unintentionally keep strong candidates out of the                                                                     
MS. FRANCIES  presented slide 5 on  NASDTEC (National Association                                                               
of State  Directors of Teacher  Education and  Certification), an                                                               
interstate   agreement  among   47   states   and  D.C.   NASDTEC                                                               
facilitates  educator   mobility  between  states   by  outlining                                                               
minimum requirements. A bachelor's  degree is a minimum essential                                                               
component  of  an  approved   educator  preparation  program  and                                                               
teacher  licensure  through  the agreement.  States  can  require                                                               
their own specific requirements                                                                                                 
9:17:44 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  BEGICH  clarified  that  unlike  some  other  interstate                                                               
compacts, NASDTEC allows states to go beyond the compact.                                                                       
MS.  FRANCIES replied  that  is correct.  NASDTEC  only sets  the                                                               
minimum requirements. States can add to that.                                                                                   
SENATOR BEGICH said that is good news.                                                                                          
MS. FRANCIES said ECS wanted to  know how many states offer "full                                                               
license  reciprocity," which  allows fully  licensed out-of-state                                                               
teachers, regardless  of experience,  to be  immediately eligible                                                               
to  receive a  standard teaching  license, subject  to few  or no                                                               
additional requirements. She showed a  map on slide 7 that showed                                                               
eight  states offer  full license  reciprocity. The  other states                                                               
have  additional requirements  for out-of-state  license seekers.                                                               
The most  common additional  requirements are  additional courses                                                               
and assessment  scores. Some states  provide exemptions  for some                                                               
candidates,  often  those  with  a certain  number  of  years  of                                                               
experience or advanced licensure.                                                                                               
SENATOR  BEGICH asked  if even  if  Alaska adopted  the bill,  it                                                               
would  still be  one  of the  gray states  because  the bill  has                                                               
additional requirements  and set time  periods. A person  can get                                                               
reciprocity,  but  maintaining  it is  contingent  on  completing                                                               
Alaska history and  geography and those kinds of  things, so that                                                               
would not be full license reciprocity.                                                                                          
MS.  FRANCIES said  she believes  the bill  would move  Alaska to                                                               
full  license  reciprocity because  it  would  allow teachers  to                                                               
immediately receive a license, regardless  of experience or other                                                               
9:21:02 AM                                                                                                                    
MS.  FRANCIES noted  three barriers  to  transferring a  license:                                                               
finding  reliable  information;  cost,  especially  for  military                                                               
spouses;  and  time to  complete  an  application and  processing                                                               
MS. FRANCIES  said the impact on  teachers is that 41  percent of                                                               
teachers  who left  the profession  but would  consider returning                                                               
cited the  ability to transfer  their license  out of state  as a                                                               
consideration when  deciding whether to return  to the classroom,                                                               
according to a  national survey. There may be  teachers in states                                                               
who are qualified to teach  but aren't because of difficulties or                                                               
concerns with  transferring licenses.  This has the  potential to                                                               
exasperate the shortage.                                                                                                        
MS. FRANCIES noted the resources ECS provided to the committee.                                                                 
SENATOR  BEGICH  shared  this  his wife  is  a  former  certified                                                               
teacher from  Virginia. This might  benefit his family, so  he is                                                               
putting that conflict on the record.                                                                                            
CHAIR HOLLAND invited Tammie Perreault to testify.                                                                              
9:24:20 AM                                                                                                                    
TAMMIE  PERREAULT,  Northwest  Regional  Liaison,  Department  of                                                               
Defense,  Military &  Family Policy,  Washington, D.C.,  said her                                                               
mission is  to be a resource  for state policy makers  to address                                                               
quality of life  issues for military families.  The Department of                                                               
Defense (DOD)  is in support of  SB 20. The process  for teachers                                                               
licensed  in another  state to  become  fully licensed  in a  new                                                               
state   often   requires  extensive   documentation,   additional                                                               
testing, and  coursework and  may involve  application processing                                                               
delays.  This  creates  further   barriers  for  military  spouse                                                               
teachers  to seamlessly  continue on  their career  paths. SB  20                                                               
reduces these barriers. One of the  key policies of SB 20 is that                                                               
the Alaska  Department of Education  and Early  Development adopt                                                               
regulations   which   provide   for   expedited   processing   of                                                               
applications  for license  to  teach in  the  state for  military                                                               
spouses. This was a specific  DOD request as military spouses are                                                               
best served by receiving their  license to practice an occupation                                                               
within 30  days of when  they make their  application. Currently,                                                               
many states have implemented this policy.                                                                                       
9:26:09 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR MICCICHE joined the committee.                                                                                          
MS.  PERREAULT   said  that  teaching   is  the   most  prevalent                                                               
profession   among   licensed   military  spouses.   The   annual                                                               
percentage of  military spouses  who move  across state  lines is                                                               
14.5  percent  compared  to  only  1.1  percent  of  the  general                                                               
population. Additionally,  68 percent of married  service members                                                               
reported  that  their  spouse's  ability  to  maintain  a  career                                                               
impacts their decision to stay in  the military. This is why this                                                               
is so  important to the DOD,  and 88 percent of  military spouses                                                               
reported  wanting or  needing to  work. The  DOD appreciates  the                                                               
tremendous effort  Alaska has made  to support  military families                                                               
and  is   thankful  to  Senator  Stevens   for  introducing  this                                                               
important legislation.                                                                                                          
9:27:21 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HOLLAND opened public testimony on SB 20.                                                                                 
9:27:35 AM                                                                                                                    
NORM WOOTEN,  Director of Advocacy, Association  of Alaska School                                                               
Boards,  Juneau,  Alaska,  said  that Alaska  is  experiencing  a                                                               
crisis with the teacher shortage.  This bill would alleviate some                                                               
of  that. The  bill maintains  rigor and  would attract  teachers                                                               
from out of state and  retains the multicultural courses required                                                               
in Alaska for a license.                                                                                                        
9:28:53 AM                                                                                                                    
THERESA OBERMEYER,  representing self, Anchorage,  Alaska, agreed                                                               
with the  testimony and asked  where Alaska would be  without its                                                               
wonderful teachers. There is no  group she supports more. She has                                                               
been a  certified teacher since  1979. She added that  she thinks                                                               
reciprocity should be extended to attorneys.                                                                                    
9:31:03 AM                                                                                                                    
DAVID NEES,  representing self, Anchorage,  Alaska, said  that he                                                               
is a retired teacher. SB 20  is an excellent bill. Senator Begich                                                               
asked  an  excellent  question  about  reciprocity.  One  of  the                                                               
barriers facing teachers  from out of state  is the multicultural                                                               
and Alaska Native  requirement. When he worked  for the Anchorage                                                               
School District, teachers from out  of state usually would decide                                                               
in the second  or third year whether they were  staying or going.                                                               
Moving the deadline  to two years will be more  of a barrier than                                                               
the committee thinks it will be.  Teachers have to adopt to a new                                                               
district while  getting their  lives focused.  The bill  would be                                                               
better if  the courses did  not have to  be taken for  two years.                                                               
That would be a minor change  in the bill. Postponing the cost of                                                               
taking coursework  that will not  be used in another  state would                                                               
be beneficial for recruiting teachers.                                                                                          
9:33:17 AM                                                                                                                    
DEENA BISHOP,  Ph.D., Superintendent, Anchorage  School District,                                                               
Anchorage,  Alaska,  said the  Anchorage  School  District is  in                                                               
favor of  the flexibility and  time allotted for educators  to be                                                               
certified.  She shared  that seven  percent  of Anchorage  School                                                               
District educators are military  spouses, so the flexibility adds                                                               
value  to recruitment.  The Anchorage  School  District has  many                                                               
immersion  teachers  who  come from  other  countries.  The  bill                                                               
allows for  that and  ASD supports it.  Someone's efficacy  is by                                                               
example and  previous jobs. It is  beneficial to be able  to hire                                                               
teachers and look at their past record of educating students.                                                                   
SENATOR  STEVENS  asked,  as  a  superintendent  who  hires  more                                                               
teachers than  anyone else in  the state,  if it is  realistic to                                                               
require   somebody   to   complete   the   Alaska   history   and                                                               
multicultural studies in two years.                                                                                             
DR. BISHOP replied, what the  former speaker shared may have been                                                               
true in  earlier times,  but with  online learning,  it is  not a                                                               
barrier at this  time. Having an Alaska Native  studies course in                                                               
another state is value added.                                                                                                   
9:35:45 AM                                                                                                                    
LISA PARADY, Ph.D., Executive Director,  Alaska Council of School                                                               
Administrators,  Juneau, Alaska,  said  she  and Senator  Stevens                                                               
served  on the  governor's  taskforce for  teacher retention  and                                                               
recruitment and had a dialogue  about how important this would be                                                               
for Alaska.  All are aware of  the crisis of teacher  shortage in                                                               
Alaska.  The  Alaska  Council   of  School  Administrators  joint                                                               
position statement emphasizes  that retaining effective educators                                                               
is essential  to increasing  student achievement  and eliminating                                                               
academic  disparities  for  all  Alaskan  students.  SB  20  sits                                                               
squarely with  its position statement  that all  members support.                                                               
Regarding  the   Alaska  Native  studies  course,   Alaska  Staff                                                               
Development Network  offers multiple opportunities  for educators                                                               
to complete those  studies, online, virtually, and  in a webinar.                                                               
They  are readily  available to  educators and  can be  completed                                                               
within that timeframe.                                                                                                          
9:38:10 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  HOLLAND closed  public testimony  on SB  20 and  asked the                                                               
will of the committee.                                                                                                          
9:38:36 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  STEVENS moved  to report  the committee  substitute (CS)                                                               
for  SB   20,  work  order   32-LS0478\B,  from   committee  with                                                               
individual recommendations and attached fiscal note(s).                                                                         
There  being no  objection, CSSB  20(EDC) was  reported from  the                                                               
Senate Education Standing Committee.                                                                                            

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
SB 80 NASW Letter of Support.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 80
SB 80 Fiscal Note.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 80
SB020_versionB.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
SB020_TeacherCert_Reciprocity_Presentation_ECS_19March2021.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
SB020_TeacherCert_Reciprocity_Research_ECS_policy resources_19March2021.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
SB80 Research.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 80
SB072_Civics_BillText_versionB.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 72
SB020_TeacherCert-Reciprocity_Summary-of-Changes_Version A to B.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
SB072_Civics_Summary-of-Changes_Version A to B.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 72
SB 80 ASD Mental Health and SEL Instruction.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 80