Legislature(2017 - 2018)BARNES 124

01/27/2017 01:00 PM RESOURCES

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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
*+ HB 6 JONESVILLE PUBLIC USE AREA TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Public Testimony --
+ HJR 4 SUPPORT ANWR DEVELOPMENT; RELATED ISSUES TELECONFERENCED
Scheduled but Not Heard
-- Public Testimony --
+ HJR 5 ENDORSING ANWR LEASING; RELATED ISSUES TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Public Testimony --
*+ HJR 6 SUPPORT ROAD: KING COVE & COLD BAY TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSHJR 6(RES) Out of Committee
-- Public Testimony --
                                                                                                                              
         HJR  5-ENDORSING ANWR LEASING; RELATED ISSUES                                                                      
                                                                                                                              
                 [Contains discussion of HJR 4]                                                                                 
2:16:03 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  JOSEPHSON announced  that  the next  order of  business                                                               
would be HOUSE  JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 5, Urging  the United States                                                               
Congress to  pass legislation  to open the  coastal plain  of the                                                               
Arctic  National  Wildlife Refuge  to  oil  and gas  development;                                                               
urging the United States Department  of the Interior to recognize                                                               
the private property rights of owners  of land in and adjacent to                                                               
the  Arctic National  Wildlife Refuge;  relating to  oil and  gas                                                               
exploration,   development,   production,  and   royalties;   and                                                               
relating to renewable and alternative energy technologies.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:16:24 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR TARR  moved to adopt  the committee substitute  (CS) for                                                               
HJR  [5](AET), Version  30-LS0314\J.   There being  no objection,                                                               
Version J was before the committee.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
2:16:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WESTLAKE,  sponsor, informed the  committee [CSHJR
5(AET)] is  a resolution urging  Congress to pass  legislation to                                                               
open the  coastal plain  of the  Arctic National  Wildlife Refuge                                                               
(ANWR)  to  oil  and  gas   development.    Although  subsistence                                                               
activities are the  first priority in this region,  jobs are also                                                               
important, and  opening ANWR would  be beneficial for  Alaska and                                                               
all of the  U.S.  Alaska would receive 90  percent of the revenue                                                               
from bonus payments  and royalties from ANWR in the  future and -                                                               
at  this time  - development  will  create tens  of thousands  of                                                               
jobs.    Representative   Westlake  expressed  his  constituents'                                                               
belief   that   development  in   ANWR   can   be  done   in   an                                                               
environmentally-responsible way.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
2:18:28 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JESSE LOGAN,  staff, Representative  Dean Westlake,  Alaska State                                                               
Legislature, informed the committee  the changes in the committee                                                               
substitute (CS) brought by the  House Special Committee on Arctic                                                               
Policy, Economic Development, and  Tourism (AET) provided clarity                                                               
on resource  availability.  On  page 2,  following line 4,  a new                                                               
WHEREAS was inserted as follows:                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     WHEREAS, in  1998, the United States  Geological Survey                                                                    
     estimated the  central North Slope and  1002 study area                                                                    
     combined could  contain up to  46,000,000,000,000 cubic                                                                    
     feet of natural gas; and                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR. LOGAN  stated further, on page  3, lines 27 and  28, a change                                                               
was made as follows:                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
     Delete:  President  Barack  Obama's  recent  action  to                                                                    
     withdraw millions of  acres of land in  the Arctic from                                                                    
     new offshore oil and gas drilling                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     Insert:  the executive action                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MR. LOGAN said the new line on page 4, lines 4 and 5, read:                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     WHEREAS   the   executive   action   threatens   future                                                                    
     development and national energy security; and                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MR. LOGAN  continued, noting the  final change beginning  on page                                                               
2, line 30, and continuing through page 3, line 3, read:                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     WHEREAS,  in  December  2016, President  Barack  Obama,                                                                    
     through executive  action, closed 125,000,000  acres of                                                                    
     the Arctic Ocean, a vast  majority of the United States                                                                    
     Arctic    offshore   water,    from   future    leasing                                                                    
     consideration,   thus  preventing   extraction  of   an                                                                    
     estimated 27,000,000,000 barrels of oil; and                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     WHEREAS  the  Alaska Congressional  delegation  decried                                                                    
     the executive action; and                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MR.  LOGAN   added  that  the   resolution,  if  passed   by  the                                                               
legislature, would  signify a unified  voice to Congress  and the                                                               
new administration,  that the  Alaska State  Legislature supports                                                               
opening the coastal plain of ANWR for oil and gas development.                                                                  
The bill  is specific to opening  the 1002 Area:   urges the U.S.                                                               
Department  of the  Interior to  recognize  the private  property                                                               
rights of landowners in and adjacent  to ANWR and the efforts the                                                               
State of  Alaska has made  in developing and  deploying renewable                                                               
energy statewide.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
2:21:16 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE PARISH directed  attention to page 5,  lines 2 and                                                               
3, which read:                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     the 90 percent  of the oil, gas,  and mineral royalties                                                                    
     from the  federal land in  the state that  was promised                                                                    
     to the state at statehood.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  PARISH  asked  where,   and  in  what  form,  the                                                               
foregoing promise was made.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MR. LOGAN answered  that is a reference to  the [Alaska Statehood                                                               
Act, enacted 7/7/58 and effective 1/3/59].                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  RAUSCHER directed  attention to  page 5,  line 1,                                                               
which read in part:                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     ...  any attempt  to coerce  the  state into  accepting                                                                    
     less than                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE RAUSHER remarked,                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     That doesn't really mean they  could do it on their own                                                                    
     if they wanted.   That doesn't stop them  from doing it                                                                    
     on their own  if they wanted does it, or  how does this                                                                    
     read out?   I guess I don't understand  the, the intent                                                                    
     of the language  and ... what it really  means when you                                                                    
     actually adopt it.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR. LOGAN  explained that  the abovementioned  [FURTHER] RESOLVED                                                               
says that  the legislature opposes  any unilateral  reduction and                                                               
anything done by  the administration to reduce the  90 percent as                                                               
promised at statehood.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE PARISH asked:                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     It may  be more  of a  question for  [legislative legal                                                                    
     services]  but ...  based on  some of  our interactions                                                                    
     with the  federal government in  the past,  how certain                                                                    
     are we  that we would ...  win in court ...  were there                                                                    
     an attempt  to coerce us  into accepting less  than the                                                                    
     full value we were promised at statehood?                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   WESTLAKE  recalled   that  the   state  recently                                                               
exchanged  a  huge amount  of  land  in  order  to get  a  little                                                               
[federal] parcel and gain security.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE BIRCH expressed his support for the bill.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
2:25:04 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR JOSEPHSON opened public testimony on CSHJR 5(AET).                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
2:25:16 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LIN DAVIS  informed the  committee she is  a 24-year  resident of                                                               
Alaska,  a  retired  state  worker,  and  she  strongly  supports                                                               
permanently protecting ANWR.   She said there  is a misperception                                                               
that everyone  in Alaska supports  developing ANWR;  however, she                                                               
prefers no development in the coastal  plain or in the 1002 Area.                                                               
In 2002,  she spent  time on  the Kongakut River  in ANWR  and in                                                               
Arctic Village  where she heard the  mayor speak of the  land and                                                               
the fears  of the  Gwich'in people  for the  caribou.   Ms. Davis                                                               
said Americans have a duty  to protect the Gwich'in homeland, and                                                               
opined ANWR should  become a [UNESCO] World Heritage  Site as one                                                               
of  the  last  places  Native   people  can  live  a  subsistence                                                               
lifestyle.   It is in the  interest of Americans and  Alaskans to                                                               
transition  off  of   fossil  fuels.    She   said  the  proposed                                                               
legislation    contains    "terrific    language"    about    how                                                               
environmentally  conscious the  oil  companies will  be, but  she                                                               
does  not trust  the  promises  of oil  companies;  in fact,  oil                                                               
companies acknowledge  the constant  risk and lack  of technology                                                               
to clean  a major  spill.  Alaskan  engineers and  innovators can                                                               
create sustainable  energy, and  she urged  for the  committee to                                                               
let Alaska show  the world how to use  sustainable energy instead                                                               
of fossil fuels.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
2:29:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
KARLA   BROLLIER,   Environmental    Justice   Director,   Alaska                                                               
Wilderness  League,  informed  the  committee  she  is  an  Ahtna                                                               
Athabascan  who was  born and  raised in  Alaska.   She said  the                                                               
Alaska  Wilderness League  works  to preserve  the  land and  the                                                               
water  in  Alaska,  and  she  expressed  her  opposition  to  the                                                               
resolution to open  ANWR to oil development.  Her  family is from                                                               
the Interior  and has  lived in  this land  for millennia.   Some                                                               
places, such as  ANWR, are too special to drill:   development of                                                               
this land  is not worth  the price.   Ms. Brollier said  the land                                                               
must  be  protected and  preserved  for  future generations,  and                                                               
expressed  her  solidarity with  the  Gwich'in  people and  their                                                               
right  to  continue  their way  of  life.      She said  she  was                                                               
testifying  in  opposition to  HJR  5  because she  believes  the                                                               
resolution is not  the answer to Alaska's  problems; although oil                                                               
and gas revenue is important to  the state, there is a better way                                                               
to maintain a strong economy in  Alaska.  Ms. Broillier urged for                                                               
the  committee  to  find  a  new   way  to  find  energy,  and  a                                                               
sustainable  way of  life,  that does  not  compromise the  land,                                                               
animals, and a traditional way of life.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
2:31:31 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
HALEY JOHNSTON,  Wilderness Guide and Operations  Manager, Alaska                                                               
Alpine  Adventures,  expressed  her  opposition  to  HJR  5.  She                                                               
informed  the  committee  ANWR   to  her  represents  employment,                                                               
recreation,  and  spiritual  escape;  she has  been  working  and                                                               
traveling in the  refuge and throughout the Brooks  Range for the                                                               
past  seven years.      From the  tundra  to  the coastal  plain,                                                               
exploring ANWR is a passion for  her.   The refuge encompasses 19                                                               
million acres and along with  3.5 million acres of protected land                                                               
adjacent in Canada, polar bears,  nesting sites, hunting grounds,                                                               
caribou,  wolves,  other  animals, birds,  plants,  and  cultural                                                               
sites are  protected.   Damage to  the natural  world, even  in a                                                               
small corner of the area,  could "send waves of disruption across                                                               
the  whole refuge."    Ms. Johnston  travels  with visitors  from                                                               
around the  world who come  to the  refuge because the  refuge is                                                               
wild,  and has  an intact  ecosystem and  wildlife, that  may not                                                               
endure.    Tourism creates  many  jobs  for Alaskans,  and  other                                                               
industries  should  not take  a  back  seat to  natural  resource                                                               
extraction.  As  the world moves away from its  dependence on oil                                                               
and gas, over  70 percent of Alaskans worry about  the effects of                                                               
climate change.   She urged that the committee  not sacrifice one                                                               
of Alaska's last wild spaces.                                                                                                   
2:34:28 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ANDY   MODEROW,  State   Director,   Alaska  Wilderness   League,                                                               
characterized HJR 5  as a shortsighted proposal that  does not do                                                               
justice to Alaska's  long history, nor build a  legacy for future                                                               
generations.   The lands of  Alaska have provided for  people for                                                               
thousands  of years,  and he  cautioned  against affecting  clean                                                               
air,  land,  and  waters.   The  transition  from  Alaska's  main                                                               
commodity  has  become  a  necessity, not  just  because  of  the                                                               
impacts of climate  change, but because world  markets have moved                                                               
on to  something new.  Mr.  Moderow advised that the  state needs                                                               
to  seek  long-term strategies  and  not  short-term fixes.    He                                                               
referred to  a letter provided  to the committee that  was signed                                                               
by 1,245  Alaskans who believe  Alaska's economic  problems won't                                                               
be solved by  simply drilling.  He urged the  committee to make a                                                               
do not pass recommendation of HJR 5.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   JOSEPHSON  inquired   as  to   whether  the   [pending                                                               
congressional  legislation] could  pass  with the  support of  51                                                               
U.S. Senators.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MR. MODEROW said he did not know.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE PARISH  asked whether  there is a  commitment that                                                               
industry or a stakeholder group could  make to "set your minds at                                                               
ease."                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MODEROW  opined  that  the Arctic  refuge  needs  to  remain                                                               
untouched.   He has heard from  those in Arctic Village  and from                                                               
Gwich'in, the  story of the  land and its history  and importance                                                               
that makes drilling of the refuge an untenable proposition.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
2:37:56 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
SUZANNE BOSTROM,  staff attorney,  Trustees for Alaska,  said her                                                               
public interest environmental  law firm was founded  40 years ago                                                               
and  works  to  protect  the  Arctic  refuge  from  oil  and  gas                                                               
activities.  She directed attention  to the resolution related to                                                               
Sections  1002 and  1003 of  the Alaska  National Interest  Lands                                                               
Conservation  Act  (ANILCA)  [passed  in  the  U.S.  Congress  on                                                               
11/12/80] that read:                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
     WHEREAS, in  16 U.S.C.  3143 (sec.  1003 of  the Alaska                                                                    
     National Interest Lands   Conservation Act), the United                                                                    
     States Congress  reserved the right  to permit  oil and                                                                    
     gas   development  and  production  within the  coastal                                                                    
     plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge; and                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     WHEREAS, in  16 U.S.C.  3142 (sec.  1002 of  the Alaska                                                                    
     National Interest  Lands Conservation Act),  the United                                                                    
     States  Congress   authorized  nondrilling  exploratory                                                                    
     activity  within  the  coastal   plain  of  the  Arctic                                                                    
     National Wildlife Refuge (the "1002 study area"); and                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BOSTROM  said  the  foregoing  language  is  misleading  and                                                               
legally inaccurate;  there is a common  misunderstanding that the                                                               
coastal plain was  set aside for future oil  and gas development,                                                               
which  is reiterated  by  the first  WHEREAS  in the  resolution.                                                               
Congress barred  oil and  gas development  and production  on the                                                               
coastal plain, and  Section 1003 prohibits the  production of oil                                                               
and gas  in the Arctic  refuge, and leasing or  other development                                                               
leading  to  production of  oil  and  gas.   The  second  WHEREAS                                                               
statement  is  also  inaccurate;  Congress  was  concerned  about                                                               
impacts  to the  coastal plain,  and it  only authorized  a time-                                                               
limited exploration program - which  was completed in the 1980s -                                                               
thus exploration is no longer allowed  on the coastal plain.  Ms.                                                               
Bostrom  also pointed  out  that HJR  5  states that  development                                                               
would  take  place  with  minimal  impacts  to  the  environment;                                                               
however,  the bills  proposed in  Congress do  not achieve  these                                                               
goals,  but  undercut  and eliminate  environmental  reviews  and                                                               
protections for the Porcupine caribou  herd and other "values" in                                                               
the  refuge.    She  said her  organization  strongly  urged  the                                                               
committee not to adopt the resolution.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
2:40:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
YOSUHIRO OZURU  informed the committee  he has been  an Anchorage                                                               
resident  for  seven  years.     He  questioned  the  benefit  of                                                               
developing  oil and  the assumption  that oil  development brings                                                               
economic  development,  happiness,  and  wellbeing  to  Alaskans;                                                               
however,  low  oil  prices are  introducing  instability  to  the                                                               
Alaska  economy and  he  posed the  alternative  vision that  the                                                               
Alaska economy can be based on more communal (indisc.).                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
2:41:34 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LOIS EPSTEIN,  Arctic Program  Director, The  Wilderness Society,                                                               
informed the committee  she is a licensed engineer  and has lived                                                               
in Alaska since  2001.  Ms. Epstein said ANWR's  coastal plain is                                                               
a sensitive  ecological area;  in fact,  the coastal  plain, also                                                               
known as  the 1002 Area,  is the  home to polar  bears, migratory                                                               
birds,  and the  Porcupine  caribou head,  consisting of  200,000                                                               
animals.  Arctic conditions are  changing with global warming and                                                               
although the Porcupine  caribou herd is now  healthy, the Central                                                               
Arctic  caribou herd  near Prudhoe  Bay  is down  from 70,000  to                                                               
22,000  animals.   As  an engineer  and a  member  of an  Alyeska                                                               
pipeline advisory committee,  she said she is  very familiar with                                                               
the  Trans-Alaska  Pipeline  System   (TAPS),  and  advised  that                                                               
engineering  and  economic  studies  have  shown  that  TAPS  can                                                               
operate for another 50 years  with known reserves - not including                                                               
additional oil from ANWR - which  further belies the need for oil                                                               
exploration  in  the  coastal  plain  [documents  not  provided].                                                               
Furthermore, recent  major finds in  Nanushuk and in  the Greater                                                               
Mooses Tooth  Unit will support  TAPS longer.  She  observed that                                                               
HJR 5 differs  from previous related resolutions  in its context:                                                               
the U.  S. Environmental  Protection Agency  (EPA) may  be scaled                                                               
back.    Currently, EPA  provides  grants  to the  Department  of                                                               
Environmental  Conservation for  spill  prevention and  response;                                                               
said grants are now in jeopardy,  and responding to spills on the                                                               
North  Slope is  expensive.   Because of  the sensitivity  of the                                                               
coastal plain,  the lack of  need for  ANWR oil to  maintain TAPS                                                               
operations,   and  the   Trump   Administration's  hostility   to                                                               
environmental concerns,  she asked  the committee not  to support                                                               
HJR  5.    Legislators  should   ensure  that  House  legislative                                                               
resolutions  are   an  accurate   reflection  of  facts   and  of                                                               
legislators' intent.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  BIRCH asked  whether  Ms.  Epstein has  consulted                                                               
Alyeska  Pipeline Service  Company  regarding  its great  concern                                                               
about the reduction in throughput  and the need for increased oil                                                               
exploration and development to keep pipeline volumes up.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS.  EPSTEIN said  yes.   She  advised that  from an  operational                                                               
standpoint  there  are  a  number  of  measures  to  address  any                                                               
diminished quantities [of oil]; in fact,  it is not clear that in                                                               
the  next decade  there  will  be less  throughput  with the  new                                                               
finds.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
2:46:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  JOSEPHSON said  he shared  Ms. Epstein's  concern about                                                               
the   new   administration's   hostility   toward   environmental                                                               
interests.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:46:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
STANLEY EDWIN said  he is Gwich'in from the Yukon  Flats area and                                                               
holds Bachelors  of Science in  Physics and  Atmospheric Science,                                                               
and is a PhD student at  the University of Alaska Fairbanks.  His                                                               
is a unique situation in that  he also subsists, and thus can see                                                               
environmental changes  when he  is hunting  and in  his research.                                                               
Mr. Edwin  spoke in opposition  to [HJR 5 and  HJR 4].   There is                                                               
now a  gag order on the  National Science Foundation and  EPA and                                                               
"everybody wants  to jump  into oil  development."   However, the                                                               
name Arctic  implies sensitivity  to any  form of  development or                                                               
disturbance in wildlife; for example,  everything in the world is                                                               
linked  and nothing  stands alone.   For  future generations,  he                                                               
said he opposes any form  of development, and asked the committee                                                               
to think of  the generations of people who have  lived off of the                                                               
land and animals in a very harsh environment.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE BIRCH  has heard  anecdotally that there  are more                                                               
caribou in the  proximity of TAPS, and asked whether  in the last                                                               
40 years  there has  been a reduction  in the  caribou population                                                               
"farther east."                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR. EDWIN  said he lives further  east of ANWR and  his relatives                                                               
and extended  family live all over  the Interior.  He  was unsure                                                               
of  the nature  of the  caribou herd;  however, the  Arctic is  a                                                               
wildlife refuge to protect everything for future generations.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
2:51:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
EMMA FUNK  said she is  a lifelong  Alaskan from Fairbanks.   She                                                               
spoke in opposition  to HJR 4 and  HJR 5 and the  opening of ANWR                                                               
to drilling.  The refuge is  one of the largest intact ecosystems                                                               
in  the  world  and  is  uniquely  valuable  due  to  its  Arctic                                                               
biodiversity,  including  caribou  and   migratory  birds.    The                                                               
coastal plain  represents over one  million acres of  the refuge;                                                               
the  infrastructure   required  for  drilling,  such   as  roads,                                                               
pipelines,  and airstrips,  would destroy  habitat and  interrupt                                                               
migratory  patterns.    Further,  drilling  would  contribute  to                                                               
climate change.   Preservation of  the land  is also an  issue of                                                               
Alaska  Native cultural  heritage and  subsistence.   Drilling is                                                               
not a  sustainable fix for  Alaska's economic problems  and would                                                               
cause irrevocable ecological damage.   She urged the committee to                                                               
vote no and protect ANWR.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
2:52:24 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LACHLAN GILLISPIE said  he is a lifelong Alaskan  born and raised                                                               
in Fairbanks.  The Arctic  National Wildlife Refuge covers nearly                                                               
20 million acres of Arctic habitat  with 1.2 million acres of the                                                               
coastal  plain at  the  heart of  the refuge.    Drilling in  the                                                               
coastal  plain will  have major  adverse effects  on biodiversity                                                               
throughout  the  refuge.   Developing  the  coastal  plain  would                                                               
involve  stripping rivers  and streambeds  of  millions of  cubic                                                               
yards   of   gravel  for   roads,   airstrips,   and  drill   pad                                                               
construction, and will also include  diversions of freshwater and                                                               
exposure  of  wetlands  to  contamination.    Further,  it  would                                                               
destroy tundra to build infrastructure  such as housing and sewer                                                               
facilities.   Studies  have  shown that  drilling  in ANWR  would                                                               
impact  muskox and  caribou populations,  taint and  reduce water                                                               
supplies,  and  place  polar  bears   at  risk  from  oil  spills                                                               
[documents not provided].   In 1989, the Exxon  Valdez tanker oil                                                               
spill [in  Prince William Sound  on 3/24/89]  reduced populations                                                               
of harbor  seals by over 30  percent in the four  years following                                                               
the spill.   Mr. Gillespie spoke of  the irreplaceable wilderness                                                               
and cultural  heritage of ANWR,  and encouraged the  committee to                                                               
oppose HJR 4 and HJR 5.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
2:54:20 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
FRAN MAUER stated  he has worked as a wildlife  biologist in ANWR                                                               
for 21 years,  where he studied wildlife  including the Porcupine                                                               
caribou herd, moose, Dall sheep, and  birds of prey.  In addition                                                               
to learning  about the wildlife, he  saw the land in  the context                                                               
of  its value  to  Alaskans  and the  world.    The caribou  have                                                               
received the  most attention,  due to impacts  that may  occur to                                                               
them  from oil  development, and  that  they are  crucial to  the                                                               
survival of  Gwich'in people in  Alaska and Canada.   The coastal                                                               
plain is the  most heavily used calving grounds  of the Porcupine                                                               
herd, and impacts to the herd  would be far-ranging.  The coastal                                                               
plain is  unlike the North  Slope tundra near  Prudhoe Bay;    in                                                               
the refuge, the mountains leave  only a narrow area where females                                                               
give  birth; there  are  five times  as many  animals  as in  the                                                               
Prudhoe  Bay  area,  yet  they  depend  upon  one-fifth  as  much                                                               
habitat.  Studies  have shown that if females  are displaced from                                                               
development areas during calving  season there is generally ample                                                               
habitat  at  Prudhoe Bay,  but  in  the  refuge, if  caribou  are                                                               
displaced  they  will be  pushed  to  areas of  higher  predation                                                               
mortality near  the mountains  leading to a  decline of  the herd                                                               
[documents  not provided].   Other  wildlife  would be  adversely                                                               
affected.   Mr. Mauer  said ANWR is  an immensely  valuable place                                                               
and urged the committee to oppose [HJR 5].                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:56:46 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
BERNADETTE  DEMIENTIEFF,  Executive Director,  Gwich'in  Steering                                                               
Committee, stated  she is Gwichyaa  Gwich'in from Fort  Yukon and                                                               
as  the executive  director of  the Gwich'in  Steering Committee,                                                               
represents  8,000 people  who depend  upon the  Porcupine caribou                                                               
herd and  who have a  spiritual and cultural connection  to them.                                                               
She said  she is  speaking for all  children because  parents and                                                               
grandparents  don't want  their children  to struggle  to survive                                                               
because we  failed to protect  our land and  animals.  It  is our                                                               
responsibility  to leave  a  healthy place  for  our children  to                                                               
live, and  it is the  responsibility of legislators to  take care                                                               
of not only the  people, but of the land and  animals.  On behalf                                                               
of her  people, she asked the  committee to protect the  heart of                                                               
Alaska,  the Porcupine  caribou  herd, and  the  Gwich'in way  of                                                               
life, and oppose [HJR] 4 and [HJR] 5.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  BIRCH  suggested  that witnesses  submit  written                                                               
testimony to the committee to aid in his research.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR JOSEPHSON supplied email addresses for the co-chairs.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  TARR   noted  email  testimony  to   the  committee  is                                                               
available online.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
[HJR 5 was held over with public testimony left open.]                                                                          

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
HB 006 sponsor statement 1.19.17.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
bill
HB 6
yes
HB006 Hearing Request.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
yes
HB006 Supporting Document-ADN Article.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Supporting Document-DNR Petition.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
yes
HB006 Supporting Document-Jonesville Action Plan.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Supporting Document-KTUU Article.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Supporting Document-Map of Area.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Supporting Document-MSB Letter.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Supporting Document-Sutton Resolution.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 ver D.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Supporting Document-Frontiersman Editorial.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Supporting Document-Lynne Woods letter.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Fiscal Note DFG 1.21.17.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Fiscal Note DPS 1.21.17.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Fiscal Note DPS 2 1.21.17.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HJR6 CS Work Draft Version D 1.23.17.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 6
HJR6 Explanation of Changes--Version A to Version D 1.23.17.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 6
HJR 5 Fiscal Note LAA.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 5
HJR 5 - Supporting Document - Estimates of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 5
HJR 4 - Sponsor Statement 1 24 2016.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 4
HJR 4 1 24 2016.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 4
HJR 4 Supporting Documentation 1 24 2016.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 4
HB006 Letter of Support 1.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HJR004 Fiscal Note LAA.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 4
HJR006 Fiscal Note LAA.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 6
HJR 5 Opposition Document Campbell Webb Letter.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 5
HB 006 MSB Assembly Jim Sykes Draft Resolution.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB 006 sponsor statement 1.19.17.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HB006 Public Comment 1.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 6
HJR005 Public Comment 1.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HJR 5
HB006 Amendment D.1.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 006 rauscher Amendment 1.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM
HB 006 Rauscher amendment 3.pdf HRES 1/27/2017 1:00:00 PM