Legislature(2009 - 2010)BARNES 124

03/10/2009 10:15 AM FISHERIES


Download Mp3. <- Right click and save file as

* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+ Confirmation Hearings: Board of Fisheries TELECONFERENCED
<Above Item Postponed from Agenda>
*+ HJR 21 GROUNDFISH FISHERIES LICENSES TELECONFERENCED
Moved Out of Committee
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
+= HB 143 NO REPEAL OF SPORT FISH GUIDE LICENSING TELECONFERENCED
Moved Out of Committee
HJR 21-GROUNDFISH FISHERIES LICENSES                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
10:21:01 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR EDGMON announced that the  first order of business would be                                                               
HOUSE  JOINT  RESOLUTION NO.  21,  Requesting  the North  Pacific                                                               
Fishery  Management   Council  to   cease  consideration   of  an                                                               
amendment package  that would require  a Pacific  cod endorsement                                                               
for a  license limitation program  license holder  to participate                                                               
in the Pacific cod fisheries in the Gulf of Alaska.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
10:22:10 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   ALAN   AUSTERMAN,  Alaska   State   Legislature,                                                               
established the timeliness  of passing the resolution  to have it                                                               
available  for   presentation  at   the  North   Pacific  Fishery                                                               
Management  Council (NPFMC)  [referred  to as  Council] April  1,                                                               
2009,  meeting,  and introduced  HJR  21,  paraphrasing from  the                                                               
sponsor statement,  which read  as follows  [original punctuation                                                               
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     House Joint  Resolution 21  requests the  North Pacific                                                                    
     Fishery   Management    Council   (NPFMC)    to   cease                                                                    
     consideration  of  an   amendment  package  that  would                                                                    
     require  a  Pacific  cod   endorsement  for  a  license                                                                    
     limitation   [permit]    (LLP)   license    holder   to                                                                    
     participate in the Pacific cod  fixed gear fisheries in                                                                    
     the Gulf of Alaska.   It also supports the continuation                                                                    
     of the existing LLP program  for groundfish in the Gulf                                                                    
     of   Alaska,   and   supports   a   policy   of   broad                                                                    
     participation  in the  harvest of  marine resources  in                                                                    
     the Gulf of Alaska.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     The NPFMC is the  federal regulatory body that oversees                                                                    
     management of  the federal fisheries  off the  coast of                                                                    
     Alaska, in  the area  from 3 to  200 miles  from shore.                                                                    
     The  NPFMC is  currently considering  regulatory action                                                                    
     that   would    create   and   require    Pacific   cod                                                                    
     "endorsements"  on Gulf  of Alaska  fixed gear  license                                                                    
     limitation program  (LLP) licenses in order  to harvest                                                                    
     the Pacific  cod resource.   (In this  proposed action,                                                                    
     "fixed  gear" includes  pot and  longline gear  types.)                                                                    
     These endorsements  would be placed on  only those LLPs                                                                    
     that  have been  used  in a  specific  range of  recent                                                                    
     years.   LLPs  without Pacific  cod endorsements  could                                                                    
     not  be used  to fish  for  Pacific cod.   This  action                                                                    
     renders those  LLPs functionally useless  and valueless                                                                    
     to  their owners  and increases  the  barriers for  re-                                                                    
     entry or  new entrance into the  Pacific cod fisheries.                                                                    
     Of  the LLPs  that would  be impacted  by this  action,                                                                    
     more  than 60%  are  estimated to  be  owned by  Alaska                                                                    
     residents.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Pacific cod is among the  most important of the fishery                                                                    
     resources harvested  in federal  waters in the  Gulf of                                                                    
     Alaska.   Pacific  cod is  harvested by  four different                                                                    
     gear types,  and on vessels  ranging in size  from very                                                                    
     small (<30 feet) to relatively  large (>100 feet).  The                                                                    
     greatest number  of vessels  harvesting Pacific  cod in                                                                    
     the Gulf of  Alaska use pot, longline or  jig gear, and                                                                    
     the  vast majority  of these  vessels are  =60 feet  in                                                                    
     length.    This  is  the core  of  the  coastal  Alaska                                                                    
     resident fleet in the Gulf  of Alaska.  Pacific cod are                                                                    
     also harvested using trawl gear.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     The   creation   and   requirement   of   Pacific   cod                                                                    
     endorsements for  participation in federal  Pacific cod                                                                    
     fisheries   in  the   Gulf  of   Alaska  would   create                                                                    
     significant  barriers  for  new  entrants  to  Alaska's                                                                    
     commercial fisheries, and  for re-entrance by fishermen                                                                    
     who  did  not  participate   in  a  specific  range  of                                                                    
     qualifying  years.   It would  also impact  a group  of                                                                    
     recent   fishery  entrants   who  made   their  fishery                                                                    
     investments  after  the  qualifying  years.    Impacted                                                                    
     individuals   would   include    young   Alaskans   and                                                                    
     enterprising crewmen looking  to advance into ownership                                                                    
     positions in the industry.   This action is also likely                                                                    
     to  lead  to consolidation  of  the  fishing fleet  and                                                                    
     concentration   of  LLP   ownership  in   fewer  hands.                                                                    
     Expected   results  of   this   action  would   include                                                                    
     consolidation of  the Gulf of Alaska  Pacific cod fixed                                                                    
     gear fleet,  fewer crew jobs,  less demand  for support                                                                    
     sector  services in  Alaska's coastal  communities, and                                                                    
     increased   costs  of   entry  into   Gulf  of   Alaska                                                                    
     fisheries.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     In  absence  of  a   biological  concern  for  resource                                                                    
     sustainability, it  is important to  maintain fisheries                                                                    
     with  relatively low  entry barriers  to encourage  and                                                                    
     allow the entrance of the  next generation of fishermen                                                                    
     into  Alaska's  fisheries.   While  HJR  21 carries  no                                                                    
     legal force,  it put the  Alaska Legislature  on record                                                                    
     as supporting  a policy of broad  participation in Gulf                                                                    
     of Alaska groundfish fisheries.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
10:24:05 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  AUSTERMAN   reported  that  the   initial  action                                                               
considered  by the  Council was  to eliminate  65 percent  of the                                                               
LLPs; a program initiated in 2000  to control the number of boats                                                               
entering  the cod  fishery in  the  Gulf.   Initially, about  800                                                               
permits were issued,  and anyone who had made a  landing prior to                                                               
2000 was eligible to receive an  LLP.  Today, he said, an average                                                               
of  300 boats  are active  in the  fishery.   The NPFMC  tends to                                                               
allocate quotas  based on fishing  history, which will be  one of                                                               
the options  that will  be considered to  limit the  cod permits.                                                               
The Council has  been scrutinizing the fishery for  six years and                                                               
has determined  an endorsement policy  that requires  a fisherman                                                               
to  have landed  cod  within  the allotted  time  period.   Other                                                               
groundfish species will remain,  as originally established on the                                                               
LLP, but the cod endorsement will be a new requirement.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
10:26:41 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  BUCH  noted   that  the  endorsement  requirement                                                               
appears to be acting as a restriction.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  AUSTERMAN agreed  that  it is  a restriction  and                                                               
underscored that only those with  the endorsement will be allowed                                                               
to fish cod.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
10:27:45 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE AUSTERMAN  restated the 65 percent  reduction that                                                               
allows 45 percent  of the fleet to fish, to  emphasize that these                                                               
would be the  only participants in the fixed gear  fishery.  This                                                               
action has  created a "rub"  with the fishermen, and  the Council                                                               
is  being asked  to maintain  cod as  an open  fishery.   The jig                                                               
fishery is  an open  fishery, but  it has  developed differently,                                                               
and  does not  provide the  same opportunity.   He  also stressed                                                               
that cod  is the  last fishery that  allows new  entrepreneurs to                                                               
readily enter, from  a financial standpoint.   For comparison, he                                                               
equated  the cod  fishery  development to  the  evolution of  the                                                               
salmon  fishery.   The  federal  and  state governments  approach                                                               
fishery  management  very differently,  and  it  is important  to                                                               
maintain this  last vestige of  an accessible fishery  in Alaska,                                                               
he opined.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
10:30:52 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  JOHNSON queried  if  there is  a past  historical                                                               
model to consider; perhaps from another state.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE AUSTERMAN  recalled the halibut fishery  IFQ, as a                                                               
similar situation.   When the  number of permits is  reduced, the                                                               
basic  result is  limited  access.   The time  frame  is also  an                                                               
issue, because  in the  past two  years fishermen  have purchased                                                               
permits/equipment  to  enter  the cod  fishery.    Despite  their                                                               
investment, these  fishermen will automatically  be disqualified.                                                               
He stressed  the importance of  protecting Alaska's  interest for                                                               
entering  the cod  fishery.   To a  question from  Representative                                                               
Buch, he said that the history  of the NPFMC indicates a trend to                                                               
turn responsibility  over to  the fishermen and  stay out  of the                                                               
management realm.   When the  American Fisheries  Act effectively                                                               
narrowed  the pollock  fishery to  only seven  or eight  vessels,                                                               
Alaska did not  get involved because the boats  were not Alaskan,                                                               
he  reported, however  the halibut  IFQ and  the Bering  Sea crab                                                               
fishery  are examples  of how  fisheries  become restricted,  via                                                               
Council actions.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
10:35:40 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  EDGMON asked  how  many fishermen  have  entered into  the                                                               
fisheries in the last few years, and how many are Alaskans.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  AUSTERMAN   said  he   could  not   provide  that                                                               
information.  Having  the Council consider that number  is a goal                                                               
of some fishermen/associations, and the commissioner of ADF&G.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
10:36:56 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR EDGMON referred  to the committee packet  and the Council's                                                               
submission  titled "North  Pacific  Management Council,  December                                                               
2008 C-2(a) Gulf of Alaska Fixed  Gear Recency Motion."  He noted                                                               
that ALTERNATIVE  1 is to take  no action.  The  analysis of that                                                               
non-action  suggests that  this would  dilute the  revenue stream                                                               
for the existing, long term,  vested participants, who would like                                                               
to  see the  cod fishery  managed similar  to other  rationalized                                                               
fisheries throughout the state.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   AUSTERMAN  held   that  the   definition  of   a                                                               
rationalized  fishery may  vary, and  he opined  that salmon  has                                                               
become  a  rationalized fishery.    The  cod fishery  is  already                                                               
rationalized based on  the issuance of 800 LLPs; no  more will be                                                               
issued.   Fishermen  enter the  industry to  be in  a competitive                                                               
business, however, some boats fish  only to gain the history that                                                               
may potentially add  value to their permit.  The  ability to then                                                               
sell the  permit does not protect  Alaskan fishermen.  If  we can                                                               
stop this practice, we will have done a good deed, he said.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
10:41:03 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR EDGMON opened public testimony.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
10:41:24 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
JULIE BONNEY, Representative,  Alaska Groundfish Databank, stated                                                               
opposition  to HJR  21, paraphrasing  from a  prepared statement,                                                               
which read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     I  represent  fishermen  that have  License  Limitation                                                                    
     Permits (LLPs) that are endorsed  for fixed gear in the                                                                    
     GOA.    Some of  these  fishermen  will not  receive  a                                                                    
     Pacific cod  endorsement while other will  if the North                                                                    
     Pacific Fishery  Management Council (Council  or NPFMC)                                                                    
     implements   the  recency   action.     Overall   these                                                                    
     fishermen  realize that  the  Council  must manage  the                                                                    
     fishery  resource for  sustainability, management  easy                                                                    
     and economics of the fishery.   We do not support House                                                                    
     Joint Resolution 21.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     The  resolution  pits  Alaskans against  Alaskans  both                                                                    
     individually    as   well    as   individuals    within                                                                    
     communities.   Those  Alaskan's  that are  historically                                                                    
     dependent on  the Federal  Pacific cod  fishery against                                                                    
     those  Alaskan's  that  have not  participated  in  the                                                                    
     fishery.   Basically  this resolution  puts the  Alaska                                                                    
     Legislators squarely  in the middle of  fish allocation                                                                    
     decisions.  However, you have  not been involved in the                                                                    
     lengthy Council public process over  the last two years                                                                    
     to  understand the  debate.   The resolution  is poorly                                                                    
     written,  contains   many  inaccuracies,   and  totally                                                                    
     misrepresents what the Council  recency action hopes to                                                                    
     accomplish.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     The  reality  is  that the  recency  amendment  package                                                                    
     tries  to  balance  protecting  historically  dependent                                                                    
     license  holders yet  create entry  level opportunities                                                                    
     for new  participants at  a modest level.   Below  is a                                                                    
     set  of  questions and  responses  that  will help  you                                                                    
     understand whether  this action is good  for Alaska and                                                                    
     compares this  action with the State  of Alaska limited                                                                    
     entry  system   that  is  in   place  for   many  state                                                                    
     fisheries.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Who wins and  looses based on the  recency threshold of                                                                    
     one landing for the time period 2000 to 2006?                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     The recency  action will increase Alaska  ownership for                                                                    
     those licenses that receive a  P cod endorsement in the                                                                    
     overall license  pool (see  table 1  attached), assumes                                                                    
     recency threshold of 2000 to 2006.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     For  the   WGOA,  there  are  presently   264  endorsed                                                                    
     licenses, 58%  of these licenses  are held  by Alaskans                                                                    
     and 42%  are held  by non-Alaskans.   If the  recency P                                                                    
     cod  endorsement amendment  package moves  forward then                                                                    
     Alaska ownership will  increase by 11% to  69% and non-                                                                    
     Alaska ownership will decrease by 11% to 31%.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     For  the CGOA,  there are  presently 883  CGOA endorsed                                                                    
     licenses, 69% are held by  Alaskans and 31% are held by                                                                    
     non-Alaskans.    If  the   recency  P  cod  endorsement                                                                    
     amendment package  moves forward with one  landing 2000                                                                    
     to 2006 then  Alaska ownership will increase  by 11% to                                                                    
     80% and  non-Alaska ownership will  decrease by  11% to                                                                    
     20%.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     The   recency   action  will   not   disproportionately                                                                    
     disadvantage   small   boat   vessels  (see   table   2                                                                    
     attached), assumes recency threshold of 2000 to 2006.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     For the WGOA  there are presently 154  licenses for the                                                                    
     vessels less than 60 foot  and 110 licenses for vessels                                                                    
     60  feet  or  greater,  58%  versus  42%  respectively.                                                                    
     After  recency  the  number  of  licenses  with  P  cod                                                                    
     endorsements  would be  approximately  76 licenses  for                                                                    
     less  than 60  feet and  23  licenses for  60 feet  and                                                                    
     greater,  77%  and  23%  respectively.    The  pool  of                                                                    
     licenses  will increase  by 19%  for the  less than  60                                                                    
     foot vessel class.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     For the CGOA there are   presently 702 licenses for the                                                                    
     vessels less than 60 foot  and 181 licenses for vessels                                                                    
     60  feet  or  greater,  80%  versus  20%  respectively.                                                                    
     After  recency  the  number  of  licenses  with  P  cod                                                                    
     endorsements  would be  approximately 240  licenses for                                                                    
     less  than 60  feet and  59  licenses for  60 feet  and                                                                    
     greater,  80%  and  20%  respectively.    The  pool  of                                                                    
     licenses  available for  the less  than 60  foot vessel                                                                    
     class will not change.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     The recency action  will remove a large  portion of the                                                                    
     Catcher  processor licenses  endorsed  for the  Western                                                                    
     and  Central GOA.    Removing  Catcher Processors  will                                                                    
     reduce competition  with the Catcher Vessel  sector for                                                                    
     the available  quota.  Catcher Processors  compete with                                                                    
     the Catcher vessel sector if  they are less than 125 ft                                                                    
     and  process  less  than  126   MT  per  week  for  the                                                                    
     available Pacific cod  quota.  In the  CGOA CP licenses                                                                    
     that  could participate  in the  Pacific cod  fisheries                                                                    
     would be reduced  by 71% and in the WGOA  by 48% if one                                                                    
     landing from 2000 to 2006 is the recency threshold.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Why are there so many licenses available in the GOA?                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     The Limited License Program (LLP)  limits access to the                                                                    
     Federal  groundfish  in the  GOA.    Fishing under  the                                                                    
     program  began in  2000.   The  LLP  defined a  general                                                                    
     qualification   period   (GQP)   and   an   endorsement                                                                    
     qualification  period (EQP)  both  of  which must  have                                                                    
     been  satisfied.   The GQP  period is  from Jan  1988 -                                                                    
     June 27,  1992 requiring one landing  of any groundfish                                                                    
     and the EQP  requiring one landing for <  60 ft vessels                                                                    
     and one  landing in  at least  two calendar  years from                                                                    
     Jan 1,  1992 to June 17,  1995 for vessels equal  to or                                                                    
     greater  than 60  feet.   Vessels  that  landed two  to                                                                    
     three groundfish, which could  be taken incidentally in                                                                    
     other  fisheries, qualified  a  vessel  for a  license.                                                                    
     This  was  a minimal  threshold  that  created a  large                                                                    
     number  of  licenses  and   gave  license  holders  the                                                                    
     opportunity   to   invest   and  participate   in   the                                                                    
     groundfish fisheries.  The  action now being considered                                                                    
     by  the   North  Pacific  Fishery   Management  Council                                                                    
     examines  whether LLP  holders actually  took advantage                                                                    
     of the opportunity.  The  recency action is considering                                                                    
     minimal thresholds for a period  of up to 2000 to 2008,                                                                    
     a nine year period.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Presently, there  are more LLP licenses  available than                                                                    
     the  fishery can  support.   National Marine  Fisheries                                                                    
     Service   (NMFS)   has   stated  that   if   all   LLPs                                                                    
     participated  in  the  Pacific cod  fishery  that  they                                                                    
     would have no choice but  to close the fishery since it                                                                    
     would be unmanageable.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     How  does  this action  compare  to  the limited  entry                                                                    
     system in place for State fisheries?                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     The state  of Alaska  limited entry  system that  is in                                                                    
     place  for  many state  fisheries  such  as salmon  and                                                                    
     herring  is no  different than  the license  limitation                                                                    
     system in place  for federal fisheries for  the Gulf of                                                                    
     Alaska.  In  either case license holders'  race for the                                                                    
     available  common  quota;  quota is  not  allocated  to                                                                    
     individuals.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     In the first  stage of the state  limited entry system,                                                                    
     a fishery is limited by  adopting a "maximum number" of                                                                    
     permits  and  issuing  those  permits  to  the  highest                                                                    
     ranking applicants  under a hardship  ranking ("point")                                                                    
     system.  By law and  court decision, the maximum number                                                                    
     for  a  fishery should  be  no  less than  the  highest                                                                    
     participation  level  in  any  one of  the  four  years                                                                    
     immediately prior to the qualification date.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     In the second  stage of limited entry,  the law directs                                                                    
     the Commercial  Fisheries Entry  Commission (commission                                                                    
     or  CFEC)  to determine  an  "optimum  number" for  the                                                                    
     fishery.    The  optimum   number  should  represent  a                                                                    
     reasonable   balance   of   three   general   standards                                                                    
     specified in  the law  (see AS  16.43.290).   The three                                                                    
     standards include economic,  resource conservation, and                                                                    
     management concerns.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     The federal action is much  less restrictive then state                                                                    
     limited  entry system  since  the qualification  period                                                                    
     for  the federal  action  at a  minimum  is five  years                                                                    
     (2002 - 2006)  and at a maximum is nine  years (2000 to                                                                    
     2008) compared to four years  for the state system.  In                                                                    
     other words,  state limited  entry is  more restrictive                                                                    
     with  regards  to  recent participation  than  what  is                                                                    
     being considered for the federal action.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     How many licenses will remain after a recency action?                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     The  number  of  licenses  that will  be  endorsed  for                                                                    
     Pacific cod would be appropriately  200% of the average                                                                    
     number  of  licenses  that   has  participated  in  the                                                                    
     fishery from 2000 to 2008  if the threshold time period                                                                    
     of 2000 to 2006 was adopted.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     Jig sector entry level opportunity?                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     The NPFMC  is considering  exempting jig gear  from any                                                                    
     LLP  requirements  or  Pacific cod  endorsements.    In                                                                    
     addition  the Council  is  considering allocating  this                                                                    
     sector  a  non-historical  share  of  the  Pacific  cod                                                                    
     federal quota  in the  sector split  amendment package.                                                                    
     Typically  Jig  gear  cannot  compete  with  the  other                                                                    
     sectors  during the  winter  months  and typically  jig                                                                    
     gear  harvests less  than 1%  of the  available federal                                                                    
     quota.   The  sector split  amendment is  contemplating                                                                    
     allocating   5%   of   the   federal   TAC   to   these                                                                    
     participants.  Most jig gear  operations do not have an                                                                    
     LLP but  instead participate inside the  state parallel                                                                    
     zone  of 0  to 3  miles.   With  the exemption  vessels                                                                    
     would  have access  to fishing  grounds from  0 to  200                                                                    
     miles and up to 5% of the federal quota.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     For  Alaskan's this  opportunity  is  much more  viable                                                                    
     then  leaving a  bunch of  licenses in  the fixed  gear                                                                    
     sectors available  for any US  citizen to access.   Jig                                                                    
     gear is really only  viable for Alaskan residents since                                                                    
     the fishery is not  efficient enough for non-residents.                                                                    
     Weather impacts  the fishery and trip  ex-vessel values                                                                    
     are usually less  than $2,500 per trip.   It only makes                                                                    
     sense  for  residences  that live  in  Alaskan  coastal                                                                    
     communities.    Additionally,  cod jigging  is  a  good                                                                    
     supplemental income for many  fishing operations in the                                                                    
     winter and spring months.   If the Council stops action                                                                    
     on   the   recency   action   then   the   jig   sector                                                                    
     opportunities would  most likely be stopped  since this                                                                    
     is  part of  the trade  off for  the overall  action of                                                                    
     recency and sector splits.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     How can fishermen enter the Pacific cod fishery?                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     There  are  many  methods to  access  the  Pacific  cod                                                                    
     resource  in the  GOA besides  receiving a  Pacific cod                                                                    
     endorsement for an LLP.  These options included:                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Fish  in  the  parallel  fishing  zone  without  a  cod                                                                    
     endorsed LLP.                                                                                                              
     Participate  in   the  State  of  Alaska   Pacific  cod                                                                    
     fisheries which have been allocated  25% of the federal                                                                    
     Acceptable Biological Catch limit.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     Buy  a LLP  with  an endorsement  from another  license                                                                    
     holder.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     Participate in  the newly created Jig  fishery (if both                                                                    
     the recency and sector split actions move forward).                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Participate in the  WGOA B season which  would allow an                                                                    
     LLP  holder  to  participate   (no  P  cod  endorsement                                                                    
     required).                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Why protect License holders?                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     According  to   Alaska  statue   "Economically  healthy                                                                    
     fishery" is defined in AS 16.43.990(2) as follows:                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     (2)  "Economically  healthy  fishery" means  a  fishery                                                                    
     that  yields a  sufficient rate  of economic  return to                                                                    
     the  fishermen  participating  in it  to  provide  for,                                                                    
     among other things, the following:                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     (A)  Maintenance of  vessels and  gear in  satisfactory                                                                    
     and safe operating condition;                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     And                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     (B) Ability  and opportunity  to improve  vessels, gear                                                                    
     and  fishing techniques,  including, when  permissible,                                                                    
     experimentation  with new  vessels, new  gear, and  new                                                                    
     techniques.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     Allowing  excessive  entry  will  not  provide  for  an                                                                    
     economically  healthy fishery.    Data  in the  Council                                                                    
     analysis  for gross  revenues  data  indicate that  the                                                                    
     majority  of  fixed  gear catcher  vessel  and  catcher                                                                    
     processor  licenses that  did  not  have any  qualified                                                                    
     fixed  gear  landing  during  the  proposed  qualifying                                                                    
     period   elected  to   participate   in  other   Alaska                                                                    
     fisheries during this period.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Out  of  264  Western   GOA  licenses,  there  are  171                                                                    
     licenses  that  did  not have  any  qualified  landings                                                                    
     during  2000-2006.   However, 144  of the  171 licenses                                                                    
     had landings  in other Alaska  fisheries.   Western GOA                                                                    
     licenses  that  did  not   have  directed  Pacific  cod                                                                    
     landings,  but  were  active in  other  fisheries,  had                                                                    
     revenues  mainly  from  the  IFQ  halibut  (35.4%)  and                                                                    
     sablefish  (21.4%)   fisheries,  and  the   BSAI  trawl                                                                    
     fisheries (31.1%).  Less than  1% of revenues were from                                                                    
     GOA Federal  (0.8%) or State  waters (0.3%)  fixed gear                                                                    
     fisheries.   In  contrast,  most  Western GOA  licenses                                                                    
     that  had at  least one  fixed gear  groundfish landing                                                                    
     during 2000-2006 also participated  in the State waters                                                                    
     Pacific  cod fisheries  (72 of  93 licenses),  and many                                                                    
     licenses  had landings  in the  Central GOA  fixed gear                                                                    
     Federal  fisheries  (20  licenses).   The  majority  of                                                                    
     active  Western   GOA  licenses  also   had  shellfish,                                                                    
     salmon, and  IFQ halibut landings.   Gross revenues for                                                                    
     licenses with qualified Western  GOA landings were from                                                                    
     IFQ  halibut landings  (29.5%), shellfish  (33.4%), and                                                                    
     salmon   (19.9%).     Notably,  GOA   trawl  groundfish                                                                    
     fisheries  comprised  18.8%  of revenues  for  licenses                                                                    
     with at least one  qualified landing, and landings from                                                                    
     the Western GOA directed  Pacific cod fishery comprised                                                                    
     only 11.0% of gross revenues.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Of 883 Central GOA licenses,  614 licenses did not have                                                                    
     at least one directed  Pacific cod landing during 2000-                                                                    
     2006; 500 of these  non-qualified licenses had landings                                                                    
     in  other Alaska  fisheries.   Similar to  nonqualified                                                                    
     Western  GOA  licenses,  the majority  of  revenues  by                                                                    
     these  licenses  were  from  IFQ  halibut  (35.0%)  and                                                                    
     sablefish  (21.3%),   and  the  BSAI   trawl  fisheries                                                                    
     (13.6%).  Only a small  proportion of revenues by these                                                                    
     licenses were from the  fixed gear groundfish fisheries                                                                    
     in the Western GOA (0.7%)  or from the GOA State waters                                                                    
     Pacific  cod  fisheries  (1.4%).     Most  Central  GOA                                                                    
     licenses that  made at least  one directed  Pacific cod                                                                    
     landing  during  2000-2006  also  participated  in  the                                                                    
     halibut  IFQ fisheries  (226 of  269 licenses).   These                                                                    
     licenses  also fished  for salmon  (164 licenses),  IFQ                                                                    
     sablefish (141  licenses), State  GOA Pacific  cod (140                                                                    
     licenses), and  shellfish (123 licenses).   Revenues by                                                                    
     active   licenses  were   from  halibut   IFQ  landings                                                                    
     (45.1%), followed shellfish  (10.3%).  Directed Pacific                                                                    
     cod landings  from the Central  GOA comprised  10.0% of                                                                    
     gross revenues  by Central GOA  licenses with  at least                                                                    
     one qualified landing during 2000-2006.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     When comparing  annual gross revenues per  license, the                                                                    
     most   apparent  difference   between  catcher   vessel                                                                    
     licenses  with   directed  Pacific  cod   landings  and                                                                    
     licenses without  qualified landings  is that  they are                                                                    
     participating  in  a   different  suite  of  fisheries.                                                                    
     Western GOA CV licenses with  at least one qualified CV                                                                    
     landing during  2000-2006 had annual gross  revenues of                                                                    
     $274,608  per license.   In  contrast,  Western GOA  CV                                                                    
     licenses without  qualified landings  had substantially                                                                    
     higher  revenues,   averaging  $622,658   per  license.                                                                    
     There was  not a large difference  between annual gross                                                                    
     revenues  for Central  GOA CV  licenses with  qualified                                                                    
     fixed  gear landings  ($319,458) and  without qualified                                                                    
     landings ($353,067).   Many of the  fisheries that non-                                                                    
     qualified  licenses participate  in  are difficult  for                                                                    
     Pacific cod dependent license holders  to enter.  Entry                                                                    
     for  the  following  fisheries --  IFQ  sablefish,  IFQ                                                                    
     halibut, IFQ  BSAI crab, AFA pollock  and state limited                                                                    
     entry fisheries such as salmon  and herring - all would                                                                    
     come  at   a  substantial  cost  to   gain  access  for                                                                    
     participation.   Allowing  other non-dependent  LLPS to                                                                    
     enter the  GOA Pacific  cod fishery with  limited costs                                                                    
     seems wholly unfair to  these economically depend fixed                                                                    
     gear participation.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     In conclusion  my member fishermen  do not  support HJR                                                                    
     #21.  We believe the  appropriate forum to advocate for                                                                    
     fish allocations and  management of fisheries resources                                                                    
     is at  the respective  fishery management bodies  - the                                                                    
     Alaska  Board  of  Fisheries   and  the  North  Pacific                                                                    
     Fishery Management Council.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS BONNEY elaborated  on her written testimony to  point out that                                                               
Kodiak has  historically opposed  limiting the  fishing industry.                                                               
However, to  protect the sustainability of  the resource requires                                                               
that it  not be  left open  for everyone, as  the fishery  is not                                                               
endless or  unlimited.  She  mentioned other fishery  issues that                                                               
she  opined  the  committee  should take  time  to  address,  and                                                               
maintained that the  Council has worked to create  balance in the                                                               
fishery.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
10:45:51 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
JEFFERY  STEPHAN,  Representative,   United  Fishermen  Marketing                                                               
Association,  stated opposition  to HJR  21, paraphrasing  from a                                                               
prepared statement,  which read as follows  [original punctuation                                                               
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     HJR 21  addresses a proposed regulatory  action that is                                                                    
     under  consideration  by   the  North  Pacific  Fishery                                                                    
     Management  Council   ("NPFMC"  or  "Council").     The                                                                    
     proposed  regulatory action  is intended  to add  gear-                                                                    
     specific  (i.e., pot,  hook-and-line, and  jig) Pacific                                                                    
     cod  "endorsements"  to  fixed gear  licenses  for  the                                                                    
     purpose of  limiting entry to the  directed Pacific cod                                                                    
     fisheries  in Federal  waters of  the  Western Gulf  of                                                                    
     Alaska (WGOA)  and the Central  Gulf of  Alaska (CGOA).                                                                    
     Briefly,   licenses  that   meet  the   selected  catch                                                                    
     threshold (1, 3, or 5 landings,  or 5 mt, 10 mt, 25 mt,                                                                    
     or 100  mt of  directed Pacific  cod catch)  using pot,                                                                    
     hook-and-line, or jig  gear would receive gear-specific                                                                    
     Pacific  cod   "Endorsements".    The  NPFMC   has  the                                                                    
     flexibility  to select  different catch  thresholds for                                                                    
     vessels within the  array of gear (i.e.,  pot, hook and                                                                    
     line,  etc.),  operation  type (i.e.,  catcher  vessel,                                                                    
     catcher  processor,  etc.)  and vessel  length  sectors                                                                    
     that are included in this proposed action.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     It is  important to  note that  the proposed  action to                                                                    
     implement  Gulf  of  Alaska (GOA)  fixed  gear  P.  cod                                                                    
     Endorsements provides  needed stability for  the Alaska                                                                    
     resident fleets  that participate in the  WGOA and CGOA                                                                    
     fixed gear  P. cod fisheries, and  incorporates several                                                                    
     tools   to   ensure   ample   opportunities   for   new                                                                    
     participation  and entry-level  participation in  these                                                                    
     fisheries.   The proposed Endorsements action  seeks to                                                                    
     arrest an  ongoing and continued deterioration  of, and                                                                    
     to  provide  necessary   protection  for,  the  social,                                                                    
     cultural and economic characteristics  of WGOA and CGOA                                                                    
     communities,  and  those fishing  businesses,  vessels,                                                                    
     vessel  owners, operators,  crews, support  businesses,                                                                    
     etc. that are  so important to Kodiak  and other Alaska                                                                    
     coastal communities,  and that depend on  stability and                                                                    
     growth  in the  CGOA fixed  gear P.  cod fishery.   The                                                                    
     proposed  GOA fixed  gear  P.  cod Endorsements  action                                                                    
     adopts  a  fleet  management   protocol  that  is  very                                                                    
     similar to  that which  is instituted  in the  State of                                                                    
     Alaska  Limited Entry  system;  that  is, the  proposed                                                                    
     Endorsements  action  creates   licenses  that  have  a                                                                    
     similar  purpose  and  function, for  example,  as  the                                                                    
     Limited Entry  Licenses that are  created by  the State                                                                    
     of  Alaska in  the  Kodiak salmon,  herring and  tanner                                                                    
     crab fisheries.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
     We  respectfully  request   that  the  House  Fisheries                                                                    
     Committee please  understand that a  regulatory process                                                                    
     has been underway for a  long period of time to develop                                                                    
     a proposed action  for GOA (Gulf of  Alaska) fixed gear                                                                    
     P. Cod Endorsements.  Many  of the Alaskan communities,                                                                    
     fishing businesses, vessels,  vessel owners, operators,                                                                    
     crews, and support businesses, etc.  that depend on the                                                                    
     GOA fixed  gear P.  cod fishery would  be detrimentally                                                                    
     impacted by the  adoption of HJR 21.  We  fear that the                                                                    
     individuals,  businesses, and  coastal communities  who                                                                    
     are in need of the  proposed Endorsements action may be                                                                    
     harmed by legislative insertion  into this process that                                                                    
     may be  caused by HJR 21.   HJR 21 seeks  to insert the                                                                    
     Alaska Legislature  into a  regulatory process  that is                                                                    
     governed  by a  federally established  entity that  has                                                                    
     developed the  proposed initiative  for GOA  fixed gear                                                                    
     P. cod Endorsements.   However, HJR 21  falls far short                                                                    
     of  providing  an  accurate,  thorough,  complete,  and                                                                    
     comprehensive  consideration and  understanding of  the                                                                    
     issues   that   are   associated  with   the   proposed                                                                    
     Endorsements  action.    We  fear  that  a  significant                                                                    
     investment  of their  time and  attention to  fully and                                                                    
     completely   understand  the   significant  complexity,                                                                    
     considerations,  ramifications   and  details   of  the                                                                    
     statutory,  regulatory, social  cultural, economic  and                                                                    
     statistical  considerations  and   analysis  that  have                                                                    
     heretofore  already been  invested in  the Endorsements                                                                    
     initiative.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     To  be clear,  we  respect and  support the  authority,                                                                    
     interests and  prerogatives of the  Alaska Legislature,                                                                    
     on behalf  of the  State of  Alaska, its  resources and                                                                    
     its  citizens,  to   convey  official  expressions  and                                                                    
     resolutions  of interest,  intent  and  policy for  the                                                                    
     purpose  of  addressing  specific  resource  management                                                                    
     initiatives that may otherwise  lie within the official                                                                    
     jurisdiction of  a resource  management entity  that is                                                                    
     officially established  apart from the  jurisdiction of                                                                    
     the  State of  Alaska.   However,  the  action that  is                                                                    
     proposed  in HJR21  is  misdirected, unproductive,  and                                                                    
     unreasonable, and  leads to no practical  or beneficial                                                                    
     result whatsoever.  And  the accuracy, efficacy, manner                                                                    
     of expression and foundation  of the provisions therein                                                                    
     contained  are  in  large part  hyperbole,  malapropos,                                                                    
     uninformed  and inaccurate.    HJR  21 suggests  action                                                                    
     that would significantly  disadvantage and harm Alaska-                                                                    
     resident  harvesters  and Alaska  coastal  communities,                                                                    
     and instead,  permit the continuing erosion  of Alaskan                                                                    
     interests in the GOA fixed  gear P. cod fishery that is                                                                    
     caused  by non-Alaskan  interests, and  other interests                                                                    
     that  are otherwise  enriched  by favorable  management                                                                    
     programs in other fisheries.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     Please  bear  in mind  that  the  consideration of  the                                                                    
     proposed action for GOA fixed  gear P. cod Endorsements                                                                    
     is given by federal  statute to a federally established                                                                    
     entity (i.e., the  NPFMC) in which the  State of Alaska                                                                    
     has   statutorily   been  provided   with   significant                                                                    
     official    standing,   involvement,    influence   and                                                                    
     participation.   The  State  of  Alaska has  reasonably                                                                    
     sufficient and experienced  professional resources with                                                                    
     which to  engage, and which  have, in  fact, reasonably                                                                    
     engaged,   in   the   development   of   the   proposed                                                                    
     Endorsements  action.     The   State  of   Alaska  has                                                                    
     significant   and   ample  opportunity   to   consider,                                                                    
     balance, judge  and advocate  the details  and impacts,                                                                    
     and  the  policy  and other  considerations,  that  are                                                                    
     associated with the proposed Endorsements action.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     Importantly, the  proposed Endorsements action  that is                                                                    
     referenced  in HJR  21 has  been under  development for                                                                    
     several  years,  and  is  scheduled  for  final  action                                                                    
     during the  April 2009 ,  NPFMC meeting.   The proposed                                                                    
     action is  very important  to the  stability, survival,                                                                    
     and  future growth  of  the  traditional and  customary                                                                    
     social, cultural,  economic, and business  framework of                                                                    
     Kodiak and other Alaska coastal  communities.  In fact,                                                                    
     aggressive action  to address the  problems, challenges                                                                    
     and  threats to  such  stability,  survival and  future                                                                    
     growth,  such  as are  addressed  in  the proposed  GOA                                                                    
     Endorsements  action,   should  have  been   taken  and                                                                    
     implemented many years ago.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     We  respectfully  request   that  the  house  Fisheries                                                                    
     Special  Committee, the  House Resources  Committee and                                                                    
     the Alaska Legislature please  do not insert themselves                                                                    
     in  the proposed  GOA fixed  gear  P. cod  Endorsements                                                                    
     initiative, especially in the  manner that is expressed                                                                    
     in HJR 21.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR.  STEPHAN  added  that  the  NPFMC  recency  action  does  not                                                               
constitute rationalization,  consolidation of  the fleet,  or the                                                               
creation of individual transferable quotas.   He stressed that 25                                                               
percent of  the Pacific cod  quota is reserved for  state waters,                                                               
without entry  restriction.  Neither  are restrictions  placed on                                                               
the jig or state water parallel  fisheries.  He reported that the                                                               
800 permits were established by the  Council in 1995, and many of                                                               
them are held by people who  are no longer active in the fishery.                                                               
The recency  requirement could  most closely  be compared  to the                                                               
limited entry fisheries for tanner crab or salmon.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
10:49:22 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
ALEXUS KWACHKA expressed  support for HJR 21.   The LLP reduction                                                               
will  act  as a  stepping  stone  towards privatization,  and  he                                                               
predicted that  it will progress  to a sector split,  followed by                                                               
an IFQ issue.  Additionally, young  fishermen will not be able to                                                               
afford  to participate  in the  fleet.   This  cod fishery  often                                                               
provides  additional income  for fishermen  who experience  a low                                                               
yield  salmon  season.   It  would  be  important for  Alaska  to                                                               
consider  what it  would like  its fishing  communities to  "look                                                               
like in the  future."  The Council process does  not address this                                                               
picture, he said.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
10:50:47 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
RYAN  JOHNSON stated  support  for HJR  21,  paraphrasing from  a                                                               
prepared statement,  which read as follows  [original punctuation                                                               
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     I  am a  small boat  fisherman from  Kodiak.   I am  36                                                                    
     years old and have fished  out of Kodiak since 1993 and                                                                    
     resided  in  Kodiak since  1997.    Since 2001  I  have                                                                    
     participated  in the  Pacific Cod  fishery using  posts                                                                    
     and longlines on board my  very small 38 foot boat, the                                                                    
     Cyclone.   I currently own  a Central Gulf LLP  for the                                                                    
     Cyclone  that is  valid  for  boats up  to  46 feet  in                                                                    
     length, and all of my  catch history has been with this                                                                    
     LLP.  In January of 2008  I purchased a new vessel, the                                                                    
     Castle  Cape,  which is  48  feet  long and  came  with                                                                    
     another Central Gulf LLP that  does not have any recent                                                                    
     history.    I've  since  learned   that  the  NPFMC  is                                                                    
     attempting to revoke LLPs that  don't have any history,                                                                    
     which would  effectively ban me  from a fishery  that I                                                                    
     have participated in for seven years.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     As a  year-round resident and  home-owner in  Kodiak, I                                                                    
     depend  on several  fisheries  throughout  the year  to                                                                    
     make my  business plan  work.  Pot  fishing for  cod in                                                                    
     the  January  and February  seasons  is  crucial to  my                                                                    
     winter survival and  to the servicing of  the debt that                                                                    
     I  have taken  on with  my  fishing business.   I  have                                                                    
     borrowed substantial sums over  the years, not only for                                                                    
     my vessels, but  for my pots and gear  such as haulers,                                                                    
     launchers,   bait-choppers  etc.      I  employ   local                                                                    
     crewmembers  who also  live  year-round  in Kodiak  and                                                                    
     have families  with small children.   It is  with great                                                                    
     dismay as I  watch the Council yet  again run roughshod                                                                    
     over the majority of Alaskan  stakeholders for the good                                                                    
     of  only a  few.   Most  of the  beneficiaries of  this                                                                    
     action  are large  boat owners  who are  approaching or                                                                    
     beyond retirement  age, and  who already  received huge                                                                    
     private quota allocations  in the Halibut/Sablefish IFQ                                                                    
     Program and/or  the Bering  Sea Crab  IFQ Program.   If                                                                    
     this action  passes, the LLPs  that are left  will take                                                                    
     on  a much  larger value,  and  I will  be forced  once                                                                    
     again  to  take  on  more  debt  just  to  continue  to                                                                    
     participate.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     I applaud  the efforts of Representative  Austerman and                                                                    
     others  to stand  up for  working  Alaskans and  oppose                                                                    
     this harmful Council action.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
10:52:35 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
LINDA KOZAK, Consultant, Kozak & Associates, Inc., indicated her                                                                
concern for HJR 21, paraphrasing from a prepared statement,                                                                     
which read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     In  reviewing HJR  21, I  have  concerns regarding  the                                                                    
     resolution  that  I  would  like  to  address.    These                                                                    
     concerns are divided into three  categories in the hope                                                                    
     to  more  efficiently  articulate   my  thoughts.    My                                                                    
     proposal to the  North Pacific Council can  be found at                                                                    
     the end of this document.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     History of the Issue and Some Facts                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     In regard to  HJR 21, I wonder how many  members of the                                                                    
     Legislature or staff have bothered  to read the 80-page                                                                    
     analysis  or  reviewed  the problem  statement  or  the                                                                    
     history of  this issue.   In 1999, the Council,  at the                                                                    
     request of  industry, began working on  a comprehensive                                                                    
     program  that would  provide individual  fishing quotas                                                                    
     for the  Pacific cod fishery  participants in  the Gulf                                                                    
     of Alaska.  By April  of 2003, the Council was prepared                                                                    
     to begin  discussions on a preliminary  alternative for                                                                    
     defining  the program.    The  full analytical  process                                                                    
     began and for three years, hearings were held.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     In 2006, shortly after a  change in administration, the                                                                    
     State   of   Alaska   successfully  removed   the   IFQ                                                                    
     alternatives from  the discussion and instead  began to                                                                    
     look  at   stabilizing  the  Pacific  cod   fishery  by                                                                    
     revising the  limited entry licenses that  are in place                                                                    
     for  groundfish and  for  creating sector  allocations.                                                                    
     The  recency proposal  was to  provide  for a  specific                                                                    
     endorsement  to  fish  in   the  directed  Pacific  cod                                                                    
     fishery  and  participation  in that  directed  fishery                                                                    
     would   be   necessary   in  order   to   receive   the                                                                    
     endorsement.   It is  important to  note that  when the                                                                    
     original    groundfish    licenses    were    initially                                                                    
     distributed that any landing  of any type of groundfish                                                                    
     qualified  a  person  to  receive  the  license.    The                                                                    
     proposal now  is to simply  provide a  directed Pacific                                                                    
     cod  endorsement for  those  who  have actually  fished                                                                    
     Pacific cod in the last nine or ten years.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     The  North Pacific  Council has  been dealing  with the                                                                    
     Pacific cod issue  since 1999 and final  action on this                                                                    
     item is  scheduled for April  of this year.   There has                                                                    
     been plenty of time for  people to provide comments and                                                                    
     recommendations in  the last  ten years.   Many Alaskan                                                                    
     fishermen  who are  dependent on  this fishery  support                                                                    
     the   Council  moving   forward   and  providing   some                                                                    
     stability in this fishery.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Agency Authority for Fishery Management                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     For  the state  waters fisheries  including salmon  and                                                                    
     herring, the  authority to manage lies  with the Alaska                                                                    
     Board of Fisheries, with  limited entry proposals being                                                                    
     addressed   by    the   Commercial    Fisheries   Entry                                                                    
     Commission.    For  the federal  fisheries,  the  North                                                                    
     Pacific  Fishery  Management  Council  is  tasked  with                                                                    
     recommending  to  the  Secretary  of  Commerce  various                                                                    
     management  and   allocation  decisions,  as   well  as                                                                    
     limiting access to the resource.   Each of these bodies                                                                    
     has   a  process   for  their   decision-making,  which                                                                    
     includes  proposals, analysis,  hearings, and  appeals.                                                                    
     In  regard  to  the North  Pacific  Fishery  Management                                                                    
     Council,  the  governor  of  the  State  of  Alaska  is                                                                    
     represented by  the ADF&G Commissioner or  designee and                                                                    
     there are five other Alaskans on the Council.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     When the  United States Congress or  Alaska Legislature                                                                    
     intervene   in  the   management  of   fishery  issues,                                                                    
     problems are inevitable.   Many times elected officials                                                                    
     have  been lobbied  on an  issue  by a  segment of  the                                                                    
     industry  focused on  achieving  a  specific goal,  and                                                                    
     they approach  a friendly elected face  to promote that                                                                    
     idea.    It is  often  the  case that  the  information                                                                    
     presented  is  lacking  or  even  misleading  and  very                                                                    
     little time  is spent  on attempting to  understand the                                                                    
     issue.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Specific Concerns Regarding the Resolution                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     The resolution  is specific to  limited entry,  but the                                                                    
     WHEREAS  statements mix  limited entry  with individual                                                                    
     fishing  quotas  which  results   in  a  confusing  and                                                                    
     misleading document.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     Some  observations  regarding   specific  sections  are                                                                    
     shown below:                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, line 6:                                                                                                            
     The action in  question is only for  the federal waters                                                                    
     and  inside three  miles, which  are  state waters,  no                                                                    
     limited entry exists.  This is confusing.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, line 12:                                                                                                           
     The North  Pacific Council under the  leadership of the                                                                    
     State of Alaska,  in fact, reversed course  in 2006 and                                                                    
     is now  only focused  on the  limited entry  aspects of                                                                    
     the fishery.  This  is not considered "rationalization"                                                                    
     and should not  be confused with an  IFQ or cooperative                                                                    
     fishery.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, line 16:                                                                                                           
     Limited entry is not known as "rationalization".                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, line 18:                                                                                                           
     The  action being  considered is  not "rationalization"                                                                    
     and  other limited  entry programs  such as  salmon and                                                                    
     herring  have not  demonstrated significant  job losses                                                                    
     or consolidation, rather they  have served to stabilize                                                                    
     the industry.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, line 20:                                                                                                           
     The  action being  considered  will  not have  negative                                                                    
     impacts on  businesses in coastal  Alaska.   Again, the                                                                    
     action will not promote consolidation or job loss.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, line 22:                                                                                                           
     Active  participation in  a  fishery  is considered  by                                                                    
     some to be owner on  board, while others consider it to                                                                    
     be a  vessel owner  who hires  a qualified  skipper and                                                                    
     crew  to  run  their  vessel.   The  tradition  in  the                                                                    
     Pacific cod  fishery in the  Gulf is for some  owner on                                                                    
     board  and some  hired skipper  situations.   This will                                                                    
     not   change  in   the  limited   entry  action   being                                                                    
     considered.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, line 25:                                                                                                           
     This statement does not appear to be factual.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, line 27:                                                                                                           
     All  limited entry  fisheries  have  some entry  costs.                                                                    
     The cost for  entering the Pacific cod  fishery will be                                                                    
     substantially  less  than  that   for  many  salmon  or                                                                    
     herring fisheries  in the state.   This statement seems                                                                    
     to  say  that  all  fisheries  should  revert  to  open                                                                    
     access.   Most salmon  or herring permit  holders would                                                                    
     not agree.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Page 3, lines 15 - 29:                                                                                                     
     It  is difficult  to agree  that  all groundfish  fixed                                                                    
     gear  licenses  without  a  cod  endorsement  would  be                                                                    
     valueless.   If you have  never fished for  Pacific cod                                                                    
     and don't  get an  endorsement to  fish Pacific  cod in                                                                    
     the directed fishery, you have lost nothing.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     Page 4, line 2:                                                                                                            
     A limited  entry program is  not a  natural progression                                                                    
     towards "rationalization".                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Page 4, lines 4 - 12:                                                                                                      
     The number  of participants will not  decline under one                                                                    
     of the Council's alternatives.   Instead it will simply                                                                    
     grant  an endorsement  to participate  in the  directed                                                                    
     Pacific cod fishery  for those who already  are or have                                                                    
     even  made one  landing since  2000.   No jobs  will be                                                                    
     lost  or  demand  reduced for  shore  side  support  or                                                                    
     services.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     Proposal  for  the  North  Pacific  Fishery  Management                                                                    
     Council.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     The proposal that  I have been promoting  for some time                                                                    
     is that  if anyone  has demonstrated dependence  in the                                                                    
     last  ten  years  by either  purchasing  a  license  or                                                                    
     making  even one  landing, they  would receive  a fully                                                                    
     transferable Pacific cod endorsement.   This seems very                                                                    
     generous and would not shut  anyone out of the fishery.                                                                    
     If you haven't made even  one landing in ten years, you                                                                    
     aren't dependent on the fishery.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     In  speaking with  Council staff,  there are  about 900                                                                    
     groundfish licenses in the Central  Gulf and around 300                                                                    
     in the  Western Gulf  for fixed gear.   If  the Council                                                                    
     chose  to  award  Pacific cod  endorsements  for  those                                                                    
     vessel owners  who have  made at  least one  landing in                                                                    
     the last ten years,  regardless of poundage, this would                                                                    
     result in around  300 licenses in the  Central Gulf and                                                                    
     150 in  the Western  Gulf.   This action  would provide                                                                    
     stability  for  the  fleet that  is  dependent  on  the                                                                    
     fishery, demonstrated by their actual participation.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     The  Council  action  would not  preclude  halibut  IFQ                                                                    
     harvesters from  retaining cod taken  incidentally, nor                                                                    
     would it limit in any way  the jig fishery.  Of course,                                                                    
     the state waters fishery has no license restrictions.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
10:54:56 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
JERRY BONGEN concurred with the  earlier comments of Linda Kozak,                                                               
that comparing  the Council's  recency action  to rationalization                                                               
is a  gross misrepresentation.   In past fishery  policy actions,                                                               
rationalization  has   been  used  to  award   catch  history  to                                                               
individuals, boats, and  co-ops.  This action in  no way attempts                                                               
to do  that, he said.   The vast majority  of the LLPs  issued in                                                               
1995 were generated by incidental  landings of Pacific Cod during                                                               
other fisheries.  The LLPs were  a windfall for the fishermen, at                                                               
that time,  who were actually  fishing for halibut or  black cod.                                                               
The  fishery is  fully  prosecuted, he  reported,  and a  recency                                                               
action is needed to stabilize the  fishery.  At present there are                                                               
less than  100 pot boats participating.   Of those, six  are less                                                               
than 50 feet.   To be economically viable in  the cod industry an                                                               
investment of $400,000-$500,000  would need to be in  the hand of                                                               
a  young  entrant, he  opined,  and  it  is essential  to  ensure                                                               
economic stability.   By leaving the  fishery open, opportunities                                                               
for young fishermen to enter  the industry will be diminished, as                                                               
they will have no assurance of economic success.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
10:58:14 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
AL BURCH, Owner, AWTA & Burch Brothers, stated opposition to HJR
21, paraphrasing from a prepared statement, which read as                                                                       
follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     The Alaska Whitefish Trawlers  Association urges you to                                                                    
     NOT SUPPORT  HJR21.   AWTA represents  approximately 40                                                                    
     trawl vessels that fish out of Kodiak.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     The resolution seeks to stop  the North Pacific Fishery                                                                    
     Management   Council's  (NPFMC)   consideration  of   a                                                                    
     recency  amendment package  regarding  the Pacific  cod                                                                    
     fishery in the Gulf of Alaska.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     The NPFMC  recency amendment package, seeks  to protect                                                                    
     those  fishermen who  have historically  fished Pacific                                                                    
     cod,  while  establishing  a   clear  path  for  future                                                                    
     entrants  into the  fisheries.   At  the  same time  it                                                                    
     allows new interests  to the fishery.   It protects the                                                                    
     interests  of   those  who  took  all   the  risks  and                                                                    
     financial   commitments   to   develop  and   set   the                                                                    
     foundations of Kodiak's cod fisheries.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Another big consideration regarding  HJR 21, is that it                                                                    
     puts the legislature in the  position of regulating and                                                                    
     making   decisions   on   fisheries   that   are   most                                                                    
     appropriately  handled by  the North  Pacific Fisheries                                                                    
     Management Council and by the Alaska Board of Fish.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     The resolution  puts the  Legislature smack-dab-in-the-                                                                    
     middle  of   fish  allocation  issues  that   will  pit                                                                    
     Alaskans  against  other  Alaskans.   That  is  not  an                                                                    
     appropriate   place   for   legislators,  nor   is   it                                                                    
     appropriate  to   manage  fish  allocation   issues  by                                                                    
     legislative resolution.   It sets a  bad precedent that                                                                    
     will  leave   Alaska's  fishermen  and   Alaska's  fish                                                                    
     resource the worse for it.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     I  have  lived in  Alaska  since  Territorial days,  40                                                                    
     years of it here in  Kodiak.  I've fished Alaska waters                                                                    
     for more  than 50  years.  I've  also been  involved in                                                                    
     fish politics and am familiar  with the process of fish                                                                    
     management conducted  by the Alaska Fish  Board and the                                                                    
     North Pacific Fisheries Management Council (NPFMC).                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
11:01:33 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
STEPHEN TAUFEN, Founder, Groundswell Fisheries Movement, stated                                                                 
support for HJR 21, paraphrasing from a prepared statement,                                                                     
which read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     The  Groundswell  Fisheries   Movement  [is]  a  public                                                                    
     advocacy   established  to   recover  the   $2  Billion                                                                    
     shortfall  every year  in Alaska  fisheries due  to the                                                                    
     global  structure  of  the corporations  involved,  and                                                                    
     their  international  tax strategies.    I  also am  an                                                                    
     Input/Output  economist  who  did   work  for  over  20                                                                    
     country   programs  for   the   Northwest  tree   fruit                                                                    
     industry, for  7 years.   I also  spent two  decades in                                                                    
     Alaska  fisheries accounting  & operations  management;                                                                    
     and now represent the citizen-taxpayers.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     When I first heard the  word RATIONALIZATION show up in                                                                    
     Alaskan  fisheries, I  understood  immediately what  it                                                                    
     was, because it has a 150-year  old history.  It is the                                                                    
     substitution of globalized  corporations extracting the                                                                    
     wealth and subjecting peoples to  their whip - in order                                                                    
     to serve  their stockholders and their  strategies - it                                                                    
     is  the destruction  of local  economically sustainable                                                                    
     agricultural systems.   And it  put the fear of  God in                                                                    
     me.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     There is  a vast difference between  being 'rational' -                                                                    
     as  if  that  word  is  a  goal  -  and  the  kinds  of                                                                    
     'rationalization  management  schemes' (or  'regimes'),                                                                    
     which is their  proper term (at the  NPFMC): the "Ism",                                                                    
     the ideology  of PRIVATIZATION  practiced by  the North                                                                    
     Pacific Fishery Management Council.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Being rational  is having annual privileges.   (Fish is                                                                    
     harvested  by working  participants.)   It is  taking a                                                                    
     look at maintaining local sustainability.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     Rationalization  is privatization  of  a PUBLIC  ASSET.                                                                    
     (Economist)  John  Maynard   Keynes  called  it  'ASSET                                                                    
     COMMODITIZATION' -you  take and pull all  of the future                                                                    
     annual  values into  the  present  day (represented  by                                                                    
     salable   quotas).      And   it   does   not   resolve                                                                    
     OVERCAPITALIZATION:  it  causes  it!    It  has  caused                                                                    
     hundreds  of millions  of dollars  from INVESTOR  CLASS                                                                    
     people  to  come into  our  fisheries,  yet do  nothing                                                                    
     actually for the operation of those fisheries.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     Being rational concentrates  on SELLERS having control.                                                                    
     That is  why the  IFQ program worked  so well  to raise                                                                    
     Halibut (prices in our state).                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     Rationalization is designed to  serve a BUYER'S CARTEL.                                                                    
     It  establishes  the  mechanisms  of  Price-Fixing  and                                                                    
     causes  Restraints of  Trade, Fleet  Consolidations and                                                                    
     Job Losses.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     Being  rational  is  PUBLIC SERVING.    It  serves  the                                                                    
     Public  Commons.     And  preserves  Opportunities  for                                                                    
     Individuals                                                                                                                
     .                                                                                                                          
     Rationalization's purpose is to  remove from the Public                                                                    
     Commons  the People's  rights -natural  resources, air,                                                                    
     salt, water,  … where does  it stop?  - to serve  a few                                                                    
     Investor Class people, intent on getting rich.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     People ask, "Where has the  value gone?"  But there has                                                                    
     been testimony at  the Council showing over  7 years of                                                                    
     groundfish values  in Japan ports versus  United States                                                                    
     ports.   And  those numbers,  in Japan  ports, for  the                                                                    
     same  kind of  fish,  pollock, were  2.4  to 3.8  times                                                                    
     higher  (paid   by  many  of  the   same  global  firms                                                                    
     operating here).                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Cod  is similarly  undervalued.    Bristol Bay  sockeye                                                                    
     salmon, too.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     What Alaska has failed to do  - and there are 22 states                                                                    
     or so in  this Nation that are  united dealing together                                                                    
     with democracy and trade issues  for the benefit of the                                                                    
     local  and state  levels  - is  govern  the Conduct  of                                                                    
     Trade.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Alaska   has    failed   to   establish    a   Resource                                                                    
     Accountability and  Transparency Board (RATB) -  and to                                                                    
     form a Trade Oversight Commission.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     I support  HJR021, as a way  to slow things down  - and                                                                    
     to give  you folk's  time to join  the modern  world of                                                                    
     enforcing fair, reciprocal trade conduct.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     Alaska's  bountiful  natural  resources  promised  vast                                                                    
     public wealth and the creation  of a large middle class                                                                    
     sharing   in  it.     But   when  a   few  carpetbagger                                                                    
     corporations intended  to take all those  profits, just                                                                    
     for themselves, and employed  a few corrupt politicians                                                                    
     to do  it - repeating  the resource  extraction history                                                                    
     in  countries  all over  the  world  - then  we  become                                                                    
     subjected to what political  economics calls a RESOURCE                                                                    
     CURSE.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Adding   insult   to   injury,  those   same   powerful                                                                    
     corporations  then  work  politically to  dominate  the                                                                    
     very  regulation-making  oversight  bodies  that  would                                                                    
     otherwise  strongly   protect  public  rights.     This                                                                    
     condition  is  known  globally as  REGULATORY  CAPTURE.                                                                    
     And many  of you  have heard  the complaints  about the                                                                    
     NPFMC  being   captured  by   "the  industry"   -  i.e.                                                                    
     corporatocracy  players   and  government  participants                                                                    
     with  conflicted interests.   Such  KLEPTOCRATS operate                                                                    
     purely on Greed.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Making  Regulatory Capture  by  an Industry's  dominant                                                                    
     players into  a criminal  offense is for  many nations,                                                                    
     today,  in  the  top-four  on their  priority  list  of                                                                    
     measures  needed to  ensure greater  Accountability and                                                                    
     Transparency  and fairness  in  the  global Conduct  of                                                                    
     Trade.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
11:05:11 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
SHAWN DOCHTERMANN stated  support for HJR 21, and  opined that it                                                               
will  serve to  protect communities  and future  fishermen.   The                                                               
NPFMC  is  not following  the  mandates  of the  Magnuson-Stevens                                                               
[Fishery  Conservation and  Management  Act], he  asserted.   The                                                               
Council's  scheme is  to hand  out privileges  for the  future to                                                               
past participants  who have already  benefited from  the fishery.                                                               
Given the  operation costs, the  jig fishery in the  state waters                                                               
may not prove to be viable.   He cited a disconnect of "boots on"                                                               
fishermen,  not being  granted the  privilege  of fishing,  while                                                               
other, non  active fishermen have  the protection and  control of                                                               
holding a permit.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
11:08:05 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
DAVID  POLUSHKIN,  Representative,   K-Bay  Fishing  Association,                                                               
stated  opposition  to  HJR  21,  paraphrasing  from  a  prepared                                                               
statement, which read as follows [original punctuation                                                                          
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     I am representing the  K-Bay Fisheries Association Inc.                                                                    
     We are  all Alaska  Residents and small  boat fishermen                                                                    
     all  of  our  members  are longline  and  drift  salmon                                                                    
     fishermen.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     We have  44 members in  our Association and all  of the                                                                    
     members  are  owner/operators  of  50  feet  and  under                                                                    
     boats.    All  the  members participate  in  the  P-Cod                                                                    
     fishery during  the federal seasons.   We  have members                                                                    
     that  live  in  Willow, Wasilla,  Nikolaevsk,  Kachemak                                                                    
     Selo,  Voznesenka, Razdolna,  and  Afognak Villages  of                                                                    
     the Russian communities.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     We  oppose HJR  21  as  it is  not  productive for  the                                                                    
     legislature  to insert  themselves  in complex  fishery                                                                    
     management issues.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     In HJR  21 there  are misrepresentations  and incorrect                                                                    
     assertions,   such   as   consolidation   of   vessels,                                                                    
     reduction  of  participants,  and elimination  of  crew                                                                    
     jobs.                                                                                                                      
     It  is  totally  false  because with  the  LLP  recency                                                                    
     action that  the Council will  take will  actually save                                                                    
     crew  jobs, protect  long time  local Alaska  fishermen                                                                    
     that  have been  dependent  on  P-Cod fishery,  protect                                                                    
     small boat  owner/operations from  being pushed  out of                                                                    
     the  fishery by  bigger  so called  "super 58  footers"                                                                    
     that have just recently  started fishing and are taking                                                                    
     a bigger chunk of the TAC.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     With  the  current final  action  that  the Council  is                                                                    
     considering there  will still  be anywhere from  110 to                                                                    
     306 permits that will qualify.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     With  this  action  there  will  be  more  than  enough                                                                    
     participation that  will protect  the resource  and the                                                                    
     historical participants that rely on the fishery.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     There is assertion that the  fishermen will not be able                                                                    
     to enter into  the fishery?  That is not  true they can                                                                    
     enter the fishery  by fishing in the  state waters that                                                                    
     are inside  3 miles  you do  not need  an LLP  in state                                                                    
     waters.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     This is nothing  new that is just coming  down the pike                                                                    
     this has  been discussed  for a  long time  people knew                                                                    
     that  something was  going to  happen,  yet they  still                                                                    
     chose  not to  participate in  the fishery.   It  shows                                                                    
     that they do not rely on the fishery.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     There  is assertion  that all  the  supporters are  big                                                                    
     boat owners that are ready  to retire which is far from                                                                    
     the truth  majority of our  members are under  40 years                                                                    
     of age and are all small boat owner/operators.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     We  do not  support  HJR 21  and urge  you  to let  the                                                                    
     Council process work  as it is intended  and formed for                                                                    
     this task as managers of our resources.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
11:11:06 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
ILIA KUZMIN, Representative, K-Bay Fisheries Association, stated                                                                
opposition to HJR 21, paraphrasing from a prepared statement,                                                                   
which read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     [I  am a]  long time  cod  participant in  the Gulf  of                                                                    
     Alaska, specifically  in [the]  Central Gulf  but based                                                                    
     out of homer.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     We have  to end  this race  for fish  due to  safety as                                                                    
     [our] number 1 priority.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     We  oppose House  Joint  Resolution #21  as  it is  not                                                                    
     productive  for the  legislature  to insert  themselves                                                                    
     into complex fishery management issues.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     In HJR  21 there  are misrepresentations  and incorrect                                                                    
     assertions,  such as  consolidation  of vessels,  [and]                                                                    
     reduction of participants of crew jobs.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     So we ask  the committee to let the Council  do its job                                                                    
     to complete this process of LLP Recency.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
11:12:21 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
BRENDAN HARRINGTON, stated support for HJR 21, paraphrasing from                                                                
a prepared statement, which read as follows [original                                                                           
punctuation provided]:                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     I'm 28  years old, from  Kodiak, and I've  been fishing                                                                    
     professionally in Alaska for all  of my adult life and,                                                                    
     as a second generation  fisherman, most of my childhood                                                                    
     as well.   I've recently  begun to make  the transition                                                                    
     from working  on the back deck  of a boat to  running a                                                                    
     boat myself.  I'm here to  speak in favor of HJR 21, as                                                                    
     it stresses  the importance of protecting  an important                                                                    
     public  resource, and  of securing  a future  for young                                                                    
     Alaskans who wish  to make a life for  ourselves in the                                                                    
     fisheries.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     The attempt to apply  cod restrictions to existing LLPs                                                                    
     effectively  shuts  down  one   of  the  few  remaining                                                                    
     avenues to break  into a fishery that  my generation of                                                                    
     fishermen has  open to us.   It would  effectively keep                                                                    
     us out of  the wheelhouses and relegate us  to the back                                                                    
     decks.   As  it stands  today, the  cod fishery  is the                                                                    
     last major  holdout against a tide  of consolidation in                                                                    
     the industry.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Similar  actions  have  already  been  taken  in  other                                                                    
     fisheries.  I have   fished halibut and black cod since                                                                    
     I was 14 years old,  but I've reached the glass ceiling                                                                    
     in that  fishery, as it's already  been apportioned out                                                                    
     to   private   interests,   and  I   don't   have   the                                                                    
     considerable financial  resources that it takes  to buy                                                                    
     my way  in.  This is  a situation that you  find across                                                                    
     the spectrum  of fisheries.   As  it stands  today, the                                                                    
     cod  fishery is  the only  holdout that  is financially                                                                    
     viable,    and   introducing    these   proposed    cod                                                                    
     restrictions would effectively scuttle this.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     I  find the  justification for  these cod  restrictions                                                                    
     disingenuous at best.   It's just bad policy.   the way                                                                    
     that  the system  functions now,  the inactive  permits                                                                    
     serve  primarily to  keep the  market  prices for  LLPs                                                                    
     down  to  a  level  which is  affordable  for  a  young                                                                    
     fisherman who is  just starting out on his  or her own.                                                                    
     They can  be bought  for only  a few  thousand dollars,                                                                    
     and  leased  even more  reasonably.    Compare this  to                                                                    
     IFQs, where the amount of  money needed to buy into the                                                                    
     fishery is measured in the  quarters and even halves of                                                                    
     millions of dollars.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     There is no  evidence that the cod  fishery is anything                                                                    
     but totally healthy,  so it's hard to  see how reducing                                                                    
     the   number   of   permits   is   a   biological   and                                                                    
     environmental necessity.  It  would serve only to drive                                                                    
     up the  prices of  the remaining,  usable permits  to a                                                                    
     level which  would shut out the  younger generations of                                                                    
     fishermen.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Furthermore,  many boats  that would  otherwise not  be                                                                    
     fishing cod  are   running unprofitable  cod operations                                                                    
     just now, because they've seen  the writing on the wall                                                                    
     in regards  to the  consolidation of  public resources,                                                                    
     and  they  are  fishing  for catch  history.    if  the                                                                    
     Council  were to  take actions  that  make clear  their                                                                    
     intentions  to keep  the fishery  open,  it would  most                                                                    
     likely reduce the  number of boats that  are out there,                                                                    
     which  would be  welcome  news to  the  people who  are                                                                    
     actually  out   there  doing  the  fishing,   who  find                                                                    
     themselves  fishing cod  to break  even, or  even at  a                                                                    
     personal loss,  just so that  they can hold  onto their                                                                    
     jobs  for the  more profitable  fisheries, and  help to                                                                    
     secure more  control of the  public resources  into the                                                                    
     hands of the boat and  permit owners.  These people are                                                                    
     in effect helping to dig  their own graves, and many of                                                                    
     them know this, but have no choice.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     In conclusion,  I would like  to stress  the importance                                                                    
     of maintaining fair access to  our public resources and                                                                    
     of  carefully  evaluating the  unintended  consequences                                                                    
     that  these changes  in regulation  would bring  about.                                                                    
     Please  help  keep  young   Alaskans  involved  in  the                                                                    
     fisheries in  a real  way, and help  keep the  doors of                                                                    
     opportunity open to us.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
11:19:14 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR EDGMON closed public testimony.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
11:19:32 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  AUSTERMAN  referred  to  the  comments  that  the                                                               
legislature should not be involved  in relegating fishery limits.                                                               
On  a state  level, he  maintained, that  such actions  should be                                                               
left  to the  BOF.   However, regarding  federal policies,  it is                                                               
important for the legislature to become involved, he opined.                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
11:20:59 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE KELLER moved to report HJR 21, Version 26-                                                                       
LS0668\E, out of committee with individual recommendations and                                                                  
the accompanying fiscal notes.  There being no objection, HJR
21, Version  E was reported  from the House Special  Committee on                                                               
Fisheries.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
11:21:55 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
The committee took a brief at ease from 11:22 a.m. to 11:25 a.m.                                                                
                                                                                                                                

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
Board of Fish--JohnstoneCV.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HFSH 3/26/2009 10:15:00 AM
City of Ouzinkie.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--CharliePeterson.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Chris Holland.pdf HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--City of Akhiok.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Frank Miles.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--City of Port Lions.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Chignik Lagoon Village Corp.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Chignik Lake Traditional Council.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Akhiok-Kaguyak.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--AkCoastalCommunitiesCoalition.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Alvin Burch.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Iver Holm HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Julie Bonney.pdf HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--KoniagIncorporated.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--LarsenBayTribalCouncil.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Kozak & Associates.pdf HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Michael Nelson.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Metlakatla.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Native Village of Eyak.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Native Village of Port Lions.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Village of Chignik Lagoon.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Ryan Johnson.pdf HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--ShaanSeetLtr.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--UFMAStephanTestimony.pdf HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--Village of Kasaan.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21--VillageOfPortGraham.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21
HJR21UnitedCookInletDriftAssociation.PDF HFSH 3/10/2009 10:15:00 AM
HJR 21