HCR 4: Proclaiming May 15 to be Hmong-American Veterans Memorial Day.

00 HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION NO. 4 01 Proclaiming May 15 to be Hmong-American Veterans Memorial Day. 02 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA: 03 WHEREAS, beginning in 1960, the United States Central Intelligence Agency 04 recruited thousands of Hmong to fight against the Communist Pathet Lao and North 05 Vietnamese Army regulars in Laos; and 06 WHEREAS, in July, 1961, Brigadier General Edward G. Lansdale wrote in a memo 07 to General Maxwell D. Taylor that "about 9,000 Hmong tribesmen have been equipped for 08 guerrilla operations, which they are now conducting with considerable effectiveness in 09 Communist-dominated territory in Laos"; and 10 WHEREAS as many as 100,000 Hmong were recruited and trained as Special 11 Guerrilla Units to engage the North Vietnamese Army; and 12 WHEREAS the United States relied heavily on the Special Guerrilla Units to interdict 13 the flow of the communist reinforcement and war supplies on the Ho Chi Minh Trail; and 14 WHEREAS the Hmong, although outnumbered, fought against enemy forces to 15 disrupt the flow of troops and war supplies along the Ho Chi Minh Trail; and 16 WHEREAS the Hmong conducted tactical guerrilla actions, flew thousands of deadly

01 combat missions in support of the United States Armed Forces and the Central Intelligence 02 Agency, and fought in conventional and guerilla combat with extreme casualties; and 03 WHEREAS the Hmong protected United States personnel, guarded United States Air 04 Force radar installations, gathered critical intelligence about enemy operations, and undertook 05 rescue missions to save the lives of downed United States pilots; and 06 WHEREAS about 40,000 Hmong lost their lives defending democracy, 07 approximately 50,000 Hmong were seriously injured and disabled, and 3,000 Hmong were 08 missing in action; and 09 WHEREAS Hmong soldiers died at 10 times the rate of American soldiers in the 10 Vietnam War; and 11 WHEREAS, because the war effort of the United States in Laos was covert, accounts 12 of the sacrifices and service of the Hmong veterans remain largely untold; and 13 WHEREAS the Hmong became refugees because the United States government 14 encouraged them to fight for the United States, and, as a result, thousands of family members 15 of Hmong soldiers were evacuated to a United States airbase in Thailand to avoid bloody 16 vengeance by communists in Laos and Vietnam; and 17 WHEREAS, after the conclusion of the war, thousands of Hmong soldiers suffered 18 acts of retribution and atrocities by the Pathet Lao and North Vietnamese, causing hundreds of 19 thousands of Hmong refugees to flee to neighboring Thailand; and 20 WHEREAS approximately 50,000 Hmong veterans reside in the United States, and 21 150,000 Hmong and Laotian-born children have graduated from schools in this country; and 22 WHEREAS little is known or taught in the United States about Hmong history and 23 the contributions made to the United States by the Hmong people; and 24 WHEREAS future generations of Hmong-Americans may not learn the full history of 25 the Hmong people's honorable service to the United States unless the Hmong are formally 26 commemorated; and 27 WHEREAS state and local governments have issued proclamations declaring May 15 28 as Hmong Veterans of America Day; 29 BE IT RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature proclaims May 15 to be 30 Hmong-American Veterans Memorial Day, to promote, publicize, and increase awareness of 31 the important role the Hmong have played in United States history, to commemorate Hmong

01 History Month, and to afford an opportunity for people to recognize the service and sacrifice 02 of the Hmong with appropriate ceremonies and activities.