CSHB 280(RES): "An Act relating to the taxation of minerals and mining property; relating to contracts approved by municipalities for payments in lieu of taxes; and providing for an effective date."
00 CS FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 280(RES) 01 "An Act relating to the taxation of minerals and mining property; relating to contracts 02 approved by municipalities for payments in lieu of taxes; and providing for an effective 03 date." 04 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA: 05 * Section 1. AS 29.10.200 is amended by adding a new paragraph to read: 06 (64) AS 29.45.820 (severance taxes on minerals). 07 * Sec. 2. AS 29.45 is amended by adding a new section to read: 08 Sec. 29.45.085. Tax on mining property. (a) Real and tangible personal 09 property used or committed by contract or other agreement for use within the state 10 primarily in the production or transportation of minerals, or in the operation or 11 maintenance of facilities used in the production or transportation of minerals, and 12 located in a municipality incorporated on or after January 1, 2005, or located within an 13 area annexed by a municipality on or after January 1, 2005, may be taxed only in 14 accordance with AS 43.67.
01 (b) The following are exempt from taxation by municipalities incorporated on 02 or after January 1, 2005, or extended by annexation on or after January 1, 2005, if the 03 property is located within the newly annexed area: 04 (1) mineral leases, whether producing or not; 05 (2) minerals in place; 06 (3) minerals produced or extracted in the state; 07 (4) the value of intangible exploration expenses; 08 (5) roads, storage facilities, terminals, docks and other port facilities, 09 and airstrips, publicly owned or privately owned and open to public use. 10 (c) A municipality may negotiate a contract for payments in lieu of taxes with 11 an owner of real or tangible personal property used or committed by contract or other 12 agreement for use within the state primarily in the production or transportation of 13 minerals, or in the operation or maintenance of facilities used in the production or 14 transportation of minerals, unless the property is subject to a state contract for 15 payments in lieu of taxes under AS 43.67.010. 16 * Sec. 3. AS 29.45 is amended by adding a new section to read: 17 Sec. 29.45.820. Taxes on minerals. A municipality may not impose a 18 severance tax on minerals produced or extracted in the municipality other than a tax 19 imposed before January 1, 2006. This section applies to home rule and general law 20 municipalities. 21 * Sec. 4. AS 43 is amended by adding a new chapter to read: 22 Chapter 67. Mining Property Tax. 23 Sec. 43.67.010. Levy of tax; payments in lieu of tax. (a) An annual tax is 24 levied each tax year beginning January 1, 2006, on the full and true value of real and 25 tangible personal property used or committed by contract or other agreement for use 26 within this state primarily in the production or transportation of minerals, or in the 27 operation or maintenance of facilities used in the production or transportation of 28 minerals, located on land in the unorganized borough as of January 1, 2005. 29 (b) The tax rate in the unorganized borough is the mill rate specified in 30 AS 14.17.410(b)(2). 31 (c) The tax rate in a municipality is the tax rate the municipality applies to
01 other real and tangible personal property. 02 (d) The department may negotiate a contract for payments in lieu of the tax 03 levied under this section. The department shall follow the procedures specified in 04 AS 43.82.400(a) and (b), 43.82.410 - 43.82.430, except that the department need not 05 consult with a municipal advisory group, and AS 43.82.435. If the legislature passes a 06 bill that becomes law authorizing the contract, the parties may execute the contract. 07 Nothing in this subsection or the sections cited shall be construed to preclude the 08 legislature from changing the terms of the contract for payments in lieu of taxes. 09 Sec. 43.67.020. In place of municipal taxes. For a period of 15 years after 10 the production commencement date, the taxes levied or authorized under 11 AS 43.67.010 are in place of the following taxes that might otherwise be imposed by a 12 municipality incorporated on or after January 1, 2005, on the property, or imposed by 13 a municipality incorporated before January 1, 2005, on property located within an area 14 annexed by the municipality on or after January 1, 2005: 15 (1) taxes on the sale or use of minerals; 16 (2) taxes on or measured by gross or net income from the taxable 17 property, including income from the exploration for, production of, or transportation 18 of minerals or taxable property; and 19 (3) any license, excise, fee, charge, severance, throughput, or other tax 20 on or pertaining to the taxable property or services used in or associated with the 21 taxable property or in its maintenance or operation unless the tax is also levied on 22 property not subject to tax under AS 43.67.010(a). 23 Sec. 43.67.030. Assessment. (a) The state assessor shall assess property for 24 the tax levied under AS 43.67.010 at its full and true value as of January 1 of the 25 assessment year except that the first assessment date shall be the production 26 commencement date. If the production commencement date is used as the assessment 27 date, the tax payable shall be prorated on the basis of the assessment year remaining. 28 (b) The full and true value of taxable property is 29 (1) on the production commencement date, the actual capital cost 30 incurred or accrued with respect to the property as of the date of assessment; 31 (2) determined on each January 1 after the commencement date on the
01 basis of replacement cost less depreciation. 02 (c) For purposes of this section, "actual capital cost" and "replacement cost" 03 do not include interest capitalized before or during the period of construction or the 04 value of intangible expenses. 05 Sec. 43.67.040. Returns. (a) The state assessor by notice may require every 06 person having ownership or control of an interest in taxable property to submit a 07 return within 30 days after the production commencement date and by January 31 of 08 each year following the production commencement date in the form prescribed by the 09 state assessor, based on property values existing on January 1 of each year, except as 10 otherwise provided in this chapter. 11 (b) The state assessor by written notice may require a person to provide 12 additional information within 30 days after the notice. 13 Sec. 43.67.050. Investigation. (a) The state assessor may investigate property 14 that is taxable under this chapter. The assessor may make a valuation of the taxable 15 property, which is prima facie evidence of full and true value. 16 (b) The state assessor may enter premises necessary for the investigation 17 during reasonable hours and may, subject to reasonable safety regulations generally 18 imposed, examine property and appropriate records. The owner of the taxable 19 property upon request shall furnish to the state assessor reasonable assistance required 20 for the investigation. If refused entry, the state assessor may seek a court order to 21 compel entry. 22 (c) For the purpose of the investigation the owner of the taxable property or a 23 representative of the owner may be required to appear for examination under oath by 24 the department. 25 Sec. 43.67.060. Assessment roll. The state assessor shall prepare annually the 26 assessment roll for taxation under this chapter. The roll must contain 27 (1) a description of all taxable property; 28 (2) the assessed value of all taxable property; 29 (3) the names and addresses of persons owning property subject to 30 assessment and taxation. 31 Sec. 43.67.070. Assessment notice. (a) On or before March 1 of each year,
01 the state assessor shall send to every owner of taxable property named in the 02 assessment roll a notice of assessment, showing the assessed value of the property. 03 Notice of assessment is effective on the date of mailing. 04 (b) The state assessor shall send to a municipality a copy of the notice of 05 assessment on taxable property that is assessed under the provisions of this chapter 06 and that is located in the municipality. 07 Sec. 43.67.080. Objection. (a) An owner of taxable property or a 08 municipality receiving an assessment notice may object to the assessment by advising 09 the state assessor in writing of the objection to the assessment within 20 days after the 10 effective date of the notice. 11 (b) The state assessor shall provide by regulation for notices of objections to 12 the owners of taxable property and municipalities. 13 (c) Following an objection, the state assessor may adjust the assessment and 14 the assessment roll. An adjustment based on an objection from an owner of taxable 15 property or a municipality shall be made within 30 days after the effective date of the 16 notice of assessment. 17 Sec. 43.67.090. Appeal to the State Assessment Review Board. The owner 18 of taxable property or a municipality may appeal an assessment to the State 19 Assessment Review Board established under AS 43.56.040. The appeal must be filed 20 in writing within 30 days after an assessment or the adjustment, if any, made under 21 AS 43.67.080. 22 Sec. 43.67.100. Certification. Not later than June 1 of each year, the 23 department shall certify the final assessment roll and mail to the owner of the taxable 24 property or an authorized agent a statement of the amount of tax due. 25 Sec. 43.67.110. Supplementary assessment rolls. The state assessor shall 26 include taxable property omitted from the assessment roll on a supplementary roll 27 using the procedures set out in this chapter for the original roll. 28 Sec. 43.67.120. Collection and deposit. (a) The tax levied by AS 43.67.010 29 is payable to the department on or before June 30 of the taxable year. 30 (b) The department shall provide for voluntary prepayment and for payment 31 by installments.
01 (c) The tax levied under AS 43.67.010 and interest and penalties collected 02 with respect to this levy shall be deposited in a special mining tax property tax account 03 in the general fund. The legislature may appropriate the balance of the account into 04 the public school account fund (AS 14.17.300). 05 (d) If jurisdiction over the taxable property is obtained by a municipality, the 06 tax is payable to the municipality. 07 Sec. 43.67.130. Penalty for delinquent taxes. When the tax levied by 08 AS 43.67.010 becomes delinquent, a penalty of 10 percent shall be added. 09 Sec. 43.67.140. Remedy. The remedy of distraint of property set out in 10 AS 43.20.270 applies to the tax levied by AS 43.67.010. However, only property 11 subject to the tax may be distrained. 12 Sec. 43.67.150. Regulations. The board, the state assessor, the Department of 13 Commerce, Community, and Economic Development, and the Department of Revenue 14 may adopt regulations under AS 44.62 (Administrative Procedure Act) as appropriate 15 to carry out their respective duties under this chapter. 16 Sec. 43.67.160. Exemptions from mining property tax. (a) Roads, storage 17 facilities, terminals, docks and other port facilities, and air strips, publicly owned or 18 privately owned and open to public use are exempt from the tax levied in 19 AS 43.67.010. 20 (b) Property used in the production or transportation of minerals where the 21 actual capital cost incurred or accrued with respect to the mine and related facilities is 22 less than $10,000,000 is exempt from taxation under AS 43.67.010. 23 Sec. 43.67.170. Definitions. In this chapter, 24 (1) "board" means the State Assessment Review Board under 25 AS 43.56.040; 26 (2) "minerals" means valuable metals, ores, and coal; 27 (3) "production commencement date" means the date on which the 28 initial shipment of products from mining operations is made; 29 (4) "real and tangible personal property" and "property" include 30 (A) buildings, machinery, appliances, supplies, equipment, 31 transmission lines, power plants, and pipelines; and
01 (B) roads, storage facilities, terminals, docks and other port 02 facilities, and air strips; 03 (5) "taxable property" means property taxable under AS 43.67.010. 04 * Sec. 5. The uncodified law of the State of Alaska is amended by adding a new section to 05 read: 06 TRANSITION: REGULATIONS. The Department of Revenue may proceed to adopt 07 regulations to implement this Act. The regulations take effect under AS 44.62 08 (Administrative Procedure Act), but not before the effective date of sec. 4 of this Act. 09 * Sec. 6. Section 5 of this Act takes effect immediately under AS 01.10.070(c). 10 * Sec. 7. Except as provided in sec. 6 of this Act, this Act takes effect January 1, 2006.