CSHB 160(CRA): "An Act relating to a curriculum for Native language education; and providing for an effective date."
00CS FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 160(CRA) 01 "An Act relating to a curriculum for Native language education; and providing 02 for an effective date." 03 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA: 04 * Section 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be known as the Native Language Education 05 Act. 06 * Sec. 2. FINDINGS. The legislature finds that 07 (1) Alaska's indigenous Native cultures and languages are unique, essential 08 elements of Alaska's heritage; 09 (2) Alaska's indigenous Native languages are an integral part of Alaska Native 10 people's culture and well-being; 11 (3) knowledge of one's indigenous language is important for the development 12 of social skills and self-esteem; it further contributes to the development of the individual, and 13 the ability to communicate; 14 (4) translations from a Native language into English result in the loss of
01 context and deprivation of the full range of social and cultural understanding necessary to 02 function in the individual's environment; 03 (5) when Native children are proficient in their primary indigenous language, 04 they are also more likely to develop a higher degree of proficiency in the English language; 05 (6) historically, Alaska Native children first learned their Native language in 06 their homes and communities but with the passing of Native elders and with a current 07 generation of parents who are not fluent in their Native language, younger generations are less 08 knowledgeable about their language and culture; 09 (7) the loss of indigenous Native languages dates back to the late 1800's when 10 mainstream American missionaries enforced federal policies that forbade the use of Native 11 languages, punished children for speaking their own language, and urged parents to speak only 12 English to their children; 13 (8) the continuation of "no Native language" policies in federal, territorial, and 14 state school systems between 1910 and 1970 resulted in the loss of many Native languages; 15 (9) the fact that only two of the 20 Alaska Native languages are fluently 16 spoken by children today is an indicator of the impending extinction of Native languages; 17 (10) unless action is taken, by the year 2055 only five of the 20 Alaska Native 18 languages will be spoken by anyone, and soon thereafter the Native languages of Alaska may 19 vanish. 20 * Sec. 3. AS 14.03.120(e) is amended to read: 21 (e) A district shall, by October 31 of each year, provide to the state board, and 22 make available to the public, a report on the performance of each public school and 23 public school students in the district. The report shall [MUST] be entitled "School 24 District Report Card To The Public" and shall [MUST] be prepared on a form 25 prescribed by the department. The report must include 26 (1) the percent of district students in the top and bottom quarter of 27 standardized national achievement examinations; results under this paragraph shall be 28 disclosed in a manner that does not reveal the individual identities of students; 29 (2) the percent of students who are not promoted to the next grade; 30 (3) student, parent, and community member comments on the school's 31 performance;
01 (4) the annual percent change in enrollment and the percent of 02 enrollment change due to student transfers into and out of the district; 03 (5) attendance, retention, and graduation rates; 04 (6) the ways in which meaningful parent involvement in school 05 performance was achieved; 06 (7) a summary and evaluation of the environmental education 07 curriculum described in AS 14.30.380; 08 (8) if Native language education is provided, a summary and 09 evaluation of the curriculum described in AS 14.30.420; 10 (9) other indicators of school performance required by the state board; 11 and 12 (10) [(9)] other indicators of school performance selected by the 13 district. 14 * Sec. 4. AS 14.30 is amended by adding a new section to article 6 to read: 15 Sec. 14.30.420. NATIVE LANGUAGE EDUCATION. (a) A school board 16 in a district in which a majority of the students are Alaska Natives shall establish a 17 local Native language curriculum advisory board for each school in the district in 18 which a majority of the students are Alaska Natives. If the local Native language 19 curriculum advisory board recommends the establishment of a Native language 20 education curriculum for a school, the school board may initiate and conduct a Native 21 language education curriculum within grades K through 12 at that school. The 22 program, if established, must include Native languages traditionally spoken in the 23 community in which the school is located. Each school board conducting a program 24 of Native language education shall implement the program as a part of regular 25 classroom studies and shall utilize 26 (1) instructors who are certified under AS 14.20.020 or 14.20.025; and 27 (2) to the extent possible 28 (A) instructors and instructional materials available through the 29 University of Alaska; and 30 (B) audio-visual, computer and satellite technology. 31 (b) In this section,
01 (1) "district" has the meaning given in AS 14.17.250; 02 (2) "Native" means a person of one-fourth degree or more Alaskan 03 Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut blood. 04 * Sec. 5. This Act takes effect July 1, 1996.