00 HOUSE BILL NO. 285
01 "An Act relating to the Alaska Coordinate System of 2022."
02 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:
03 * Section 1. AS 38.20.010 is amended to read:
04 Sec. 38.20.010. Adoption. The systems of rectangular plane coordinates
05 established by the National Geodetic Survey, National Ocean Service, National
06 Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for defining and stating the positions or
07 locations of points on the surface of the earth in this state are adopted. The systems are
08 to be known as the "Alaska Coordinate System of 1927," [AND] the "Alaska
09 Coordinate System of 1983," and the "Alaska Coordinate System of 2022."
10 * Sec. 2. AS 38.20.020 is repealed and reenacted to read:
11 Sec. 38.20.020. Zones. The zone parameters of the Alaska Coordinate Systems
12 are the zone parameters defined by the National Geodetic Survey maintained by the
13 National Ocean Service of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, as
14 the National Geodetic Survey reads on the effective date of this Act.
15 * Sec. 3. AS 38.20.030 is amended to read:
01 Sec. 38.20.030. Designation of zones. In any land description in which a
02 coordinate system is used a zone of the coordinate system is designated the "Alaska
03 Coordinate System of 1927, Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .," [OR] the "Alaska
04 Coordinate System of 1983, Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .," or the "Alaska
05 Coordinate System of 2022, Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ."
06 * Sec. 4. AS 38.20.040 is amended to read:
07 Sec. 38.20.040. Use of coordinate system. The plane coordinates of a point on
08 the earth's surface, to be used in expressing the position or location of the point in the
09 appropriate zone of this system, consist of two distances, expressed in U.S. Survey
10 feet and decimals of a U.S. Survey foot when using the Alaska Coordinate System of
11 1927 and expressed in meters and decimals of a meter when using the Alaska
12 Coordinate System of 1983 or the Alaska Coordinate System of 2022. In this
13 section, "U.S. Survey foot" means the quotient of 1,200 and 3,937 meters. One of
14 these distances, known as the "x-coordinate," gives the position in an east-and-west
15 direction; the other known as the "y-coordinate" gives the position in a north-and-
16 south direction. These coordinates shall be made to depend on [UPON] and conform
17 to the coordinates of the North American Horizontal Geodetic Control Network as
18 determined by the National Geodetic Survey, National Ocean Service.
19 * Sec. 5. AS 38.20.060 is repealed and reenacted to read:
20 Sec. 38.20.060. Characteristics of zones. The characteristics of the zones of
21 the Alaska Coordinate Systems are the characteristics defined by the National
22 Geodetic Survey maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
23 Administration, as the National Geodetic Survey reads on the effective date of this
24 Act.
25 * Sec. 6. AS 38.20.090 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:
26 (c) The use of the term "Alaska Coordinate System of 2022" on a map, report
27 of survey, or other document is limited to coordinates based on the Alaska Coordinate
28 System of 2022, as defined by this chapter.
29 * Sec. 7. AS 38.20.100 is amended to read:
30 Sec. 38.20.100. Use of public land survey descriptions. When coordinates
31 based on the Alaska Coordinate System of 1927, [OR] the Alaska Coordinate System
01 of 1983, or the Alaska Coordinate System of 2022 are used to describe a tract of
02 land, which in the same document is also described by reference to a subdivision, line,
03 or corner of the United States public land surveys, the description by coordinates shall
04 be construed as supplemental to the basic description of the subdivision, line, or corner
05 contained in the official plats and field notes recorded, and, in the event of a conflict,
06 the description by reference to the subdivision, line, or corner of the United States
07 public land surveys prevails over the description by coordinates.
08 * Sec. 8. AS 38.20.110 is amended to read:
09 Sec. 38.20.110. Use of system not required. Nothing in this chapter requires a
10 purchaser or mortgagee to rely on a description, any part of which depends exclusively
11 on [UPON] the Alaska Coordinate System of 1927, [OR] the Alaska Coordinate
12 System of 1983, or Alaska Coordinate System of 2022.