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30th Legislature(2017-2018)

Bill Text 30th Legislature


00 Enrolled HJR 19                                                                                                         
01 Commending the Arctic Waterways Safety Committee; supporting the adoption of prevention                                 
02 measures into international agreements to ensure clear, universal, and enforceable marine                               
03 safety measures in the Arctic; urging the state's delegation in the United States Congress and                          
04 the governor to promote the adoption of spill prevention measures into international                                    
05 agreements; and urging the President of the United States and the United States Department                              
06 of State to initiate negotiations to enter into international agreements to ensure safe and                             
07 environmentally responsible marine operations in the Arctic.                                                            
08                                        _______________                                                                  
09 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                             
10      WHEREAS the Arctic Waterways Safety Committee has been formed by marine                                            
11 mammal hunting groups, Arctic municipalities, and Arctic marine ship operators to identify                              
12 and promote safe and environmentally responsible shipping operations in the Arctic; and                                 
13      WHEREAS, because of the lack of spill response capacity in the Arctic, the United                                  
14 States Coast Guard has authorized vessels to adopt spill prevention measures in lieu of                                 
01 meeting the response standard; and                                                                                      
02      WHEREAS, even under the best circumstances, only 20 percent of spilled oil is                                      
03 recovered, indicating the importance of spill prevention measures; and                                                  
04      WHEREAS prevention measures include active vessel tracking and monitoring,                                         
05 prescribed routing measures, immediate notification of a loss of vessel power or steering,                              
06 identification of vessels nearby with an opportunity to respond, identification of ports of                             
07 refuge, prepositioning towing packages and ship arrestors, and dynamic protection of local                              
08 marine mammal resources; and                                                                                            
09      WHEREAS prevention measures apply only to vessels calling on a port in the United                                  
10 States; and                                                                                                             
11      WHEREAS vessels not calling on a port in the United States are considered in                                       
12 innocent passage and not subject to prevention measures; and                                                            
13      WHEREAS the United States has not ratified the Law of the Sea treaty and                                           
14 accordingly may not use Article 234, which authorizes coastal states with "ice-covered areas"                           
15 to require special protection measures; and                                                                             
16      WHEREAS universal adherence to marine protection measures in the Arctic may also                                   
17 occur through international bilateral agreements or by the adoption of measures in the Polar                            
18 Code of the International Maritime Organization;                                                                        
19      BE IT RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature commends the formation of the                                     
20 Arctic Waterways Safety Committee and appreciates its leadership in establishing safe                                   
21 shipping practices in state water; and be it                                                                            
22      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature supports the adoption of                                        
23 prevention measures into international agreements to ensure clear, universal, and enforceable                           
24 marine safety measures in the Arctic; and be it                                                                         
25      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature urges the governor and the                                      
26 state's Congressional delegation to promote the adoption of spill prevention measures into                              
27 international agreements with member organizations, including the Northern Forum; and be it                             
28      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature urges the President of the                                      
29 United States and the United States Department of State to initiate negotiations with Alaska's                          
30 coastal neighbors to enter into international agreements to ensure safe and environmentally                             
31 responsible marine operations in the Arctic.                                                                            
01      COPIES of this resolution shall be sent to the Honorable Donald J. Trump, President                                
02 of the United States; the Honorable Michael R. Pence, Vice President of the United States and                           
03 President of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable Paul D. Ryan, Speaker of the U.S. House of                                  
04 Representatives; the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Minority Leader of the U.S. House of                                       
05 Representatives; the Honorable Mitch McConnell, Majority Leader of the U.S. Senate; the                                 
06 Honorable Charles E. Schumer, Minority Leader of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable Lisa                                    
07 Murkowski, Chair of the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources; the                                      
08 Honorable Dan Sullivan, U.S. Senator, and the Honorable Don Young, U.S. Representative,                                 
09 members of the Alaska delegation in Congress; and all other members of the 115th United                                 
10 States Congress.                                                                                                        
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