Legislature(2021 - 2022)BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)

02/03/2022 01:30 PM Senate TRANSPORTATION

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Audio Topic
01:43:32 PM Start
01:44:11 PM HB87
02:21:27 PM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
*+ HB 87 ELECTRIC-ASSISTED BICYCLES TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSHB 87(JUD) Out of Committee
-- Invited & Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
**Streamed live on AKL.tv**
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
            SENATE TRANSPORTATION STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                          
                        February 3, 2022                                                                                        
                           1:43 p.m.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
                             DRAFT                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Senator Robert Myers, Chair                                                                                                     
Senator Mike Shower, Vice Chair                                                                                                 
Senator Click Bishop                                                                                                            
Senator Peter Micciche                                                                                                          
Senator Jesse Kiehl                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
All members present                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 87(JUD)                                                                                 
"An Act relating to electric-assisted bicycles."                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED CSHB 87(JUD) OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB  87                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: ELECTRIC-ASSISTED BICYCLES                                                                                         
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) WOOL                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
02/18/21       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/18/21       (H)       TRA, JUD                                                                                               
04/20/21       (H)       TRA AT 1:00 PM BARNES 124                                                                              
04/20/21       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
04/20/21       (H)       MINUTE(TRA)                                                                                            
04/27/21       (H)       TRA AT 1:00 PM BARNES 124                                                                              
04/27/21       (H)       Moved HB 87 Out of Committee                                                                           
04/27/21       (H)       MINUTE(TRA)                                                                                            
04/28/21       (H)       TRA RPT 4DP 2NR                                                                                        
04/28/21       (H)       DP: DRUMMOND, HANNAN, MCKAY, MCCABE                                                                    
04/28/21       (H)       NR: CRONK, HOPKINS                                                                                     
05/03/21       (H)       JUD AT 1:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
05/03/21       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
05/03/21       (H)       MINUTE(JUD)                                                                                            
05/05/21       (H)       JUD AT 1:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
05/05/21       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
05/05/21       (H)       MINUTE(JUD)                                                                                            
05/07/21       (H)       JUD AT 1:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
05/07/21       (H)       Moved CSHB 87(JUD) Out of Committee                                                                    
05/07/21       (H)       MINUTE(JUD)                                                                                            
05/10/21       (H)       JUD RPT CS(JUD) 5DP 2AM                                                                                
05/10/21       (H)       DP:  VANCE,   KREISS-TOMKINS,  DRUMMOND,                                                               
                         SNYDER, CLAMAN                                                                                         
05/10/21       (H)       AM: EASTMAN, KURKA                                                                                     
05/19/21       (H)       LIMIT ALL  DEBATE TO 2 MIN  EACH Y23 N16                                                               
                         E1                                                                                                     
05/19/21       (H)       TRANSMITTED TO (S)                                                                                     
05/19/21       (H)       VERSION: CSHB 87(JUD)                                                                                  
05/19/21       (S)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
05/19/21       (S)       TRA, STA                                                                                               
02/03/22       (S)       TRA AT 1:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE ADAM WOOL                                                                                                        
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT: Sponsor of HB 87.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
ASHLEY CARRICK, Staff                                                                                                           
Representative Adam Wool                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION   STATEMENT:  Presented   the  sectional   analysis  and                                                             
delivered a PowerPoint on HB 87 on behalf of the sponsor.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
ALEX LOGEMANN, Policy Counsel                                                                                                   
People for Bikes Coalition                                                                                                      
Denver, Colorado                                                                                                                
POSITION STATEMENT:  Provided invited testimony in  support of HB
87.                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
1:43:32 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  ROBERT MYERS  called  the  Senate Transportation  Standing                                                             
Committee meeting  to order at 1:43  p.m. Present at the  call to                                                               
order  were Senators  Kiehl, Shower,  Micciche, and  Chair Myers.                                                               
Senator Bishop arrived as the meeting was in progress.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
                HB 87-ELECTRIC-ASSISTED BICYCLES                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
1:44:11 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR MYERS announced the consideration  of CS FOR HOUSE BILL NO.                                                               
87(JUD) "An Act relating to electric-assisted bicycles."                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:44:40 PM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  ADAM  WOOL,  Alaska  State  Legislature,  Juneau,                                                               
Alaska, provided a  summary of HB 87. He stated  that HB 87 would                                                               
define  electric-assisted bicycles  in  statute.  He stated  that                                                               
electric-assisted  bicycles or  e-bikes  could  fall under  other                                                               
categories,  including electric  personal  motor vehicles,  motor                                                               
vehicles, or motor-driven  cycles. He introduced the  bill when a                                                               
former employer  related that while riding  his electric-assisted                                                               
bicycle, he was  pulled over by a police officer  and not allowed                                                               
to continue riding  the bicycle since he did not  have a driver's                                                               
license.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL paraphrased the sponsor statement.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
[Original punctuation provided.]                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
          Electric-assisted  bicycles  are an  emerging  and                                                                    
     exciting  source   of  exercise,   transportation,  and                                                                    
     recreation  for  Alaska's   residents.  Currently,  the                                                                    
     state of  Alaska does not  have any laws  pertaining to                                                                    
     electric-assisted bicycles,  nor related  references to                                                                    
     operating licenses, safety  requirements, local traffic                                                                    
     laws,   or  related   definitions.  Despite   this,  an                                                                    
     electric-assisted  bicycle does  not fit  into existing                                                                    
     definitions  of  any  other  type  of  vehicle.  A  new                                                                    
     definition in  statute is  needed to  address electric-                                                                    
     assisted  bicycles that  can help  to remove  confusion                                                                    
     for electric-assisted bicycle owners and retailers.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
          On  the  municipal   level,  the  Municipality  of                                                                    
     Anchorage defined low-speed  electric bicycles in 2016.                                                                    
     On the state level,  forty-seven states define electric                                                                    
     bicycles, with thirty-eight  states classifying e-bikes                                                                    
     with  a  three-tiered   industry  standard  definition.                                                                    
     Adding this definition  will regulate electric-assisted                                                                    
     bicycles  as a  bicycle    clarifying that  Alaskans do                                                                    
     not  need a  driver's license  or to  wear a  helmet to                                                                    
     operate  an electric  assisted  bicycle;  they are  not                                                                    
     subject  to   registration,  licensing,   or  insurance                                                                    
     requirements  that apply  to motor  vehicles; and  they                                                                    
     may be  operated where regulations currently  allow for                                                                    
     bicycles to be operated.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
          Please  join me  in  supporting House  Bill 87  to                                                                    
     bring our statutes up to  date to reflect technological                                                                    
     and recreational advances  related to electric-assisted                                                                    
     bicycles.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
1:46:58 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR BISHOP joined the meeting.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
1:47:11 PM                                                                                                                    
ASHLEY CARRICK, Staff, Representative Adam Wool, Alaska State                                                                   
Legislature, Juneau, Alaska, paraphrased the sectional analysis                                                                 
for HB 87.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
[Original punctuation provided.]                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     HB 87 Sectional Analysis Electric-Assisted bicycles                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     This bill  amends Titles 19,  28, and 41 of  the Alaska                                                                    
     Statutes.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     Section  1 (page  1) Amends  AS  19.10.399(9) to  state                                                                    
     that the definition of  motor vehicle excludes electric                                                                    
     assisted bicycles                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
1:47:27 PM                                                                                                                    
     Section 2  (page 1) Amends  AS 19.10.399 (16)  to state                                                                    
     that electric-assisted bicycles are  to be regulated as                                                                    
     bicycles in  regards to  operation on  a way,  path, or                                                                    
     area                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     Section  3 (page  1-2)  Amends  AS 28.05.011(a)  states                                                                    
     that electric-assisted bicycles  should be regulated as                                                                    
     bicycles  in  regards  to  rules   of  the  road;  also                                                                    
     includes electric-assisted  bicycles under  an existing                                                                    
     provision allowing  municipal ordinances  to separately                                                                    
     regulate in this area                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     Section 4 (page 2-3) Amends  AS 28.10.011 to state that                                                                    
     an  electric-assisted bicycle  is  not  required to  be                                                                    
     registered as a vehicle                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
1:48:04 PM                                                                                                                    
     Section 5 (page 3)  Amends AS 28.90.990(a)(12) to state                                                                    
     that an  electric-assisted bicycle does not  fall under                                                                    
     the definition of an "electric personal motor vehicle"                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Section 6 (page 4)  Amends AS 28.90.990(a)(18) to state                                                                    
     that an  electric-assisted bicycle does not  fall under                                                                    
     the definition of a "motor vehicle"                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Section 7 (page 4)  Amends AS 28.90.990(a)(18) to state                                                                    
     that an  electric-assisted bicycle does not  fall under                                                                    
     the definition of a "motorcycle"                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Section 8 (page 4)  Amends AS 28.90.990(a)(20) to state                                                                    
     that an  electric-assisted bicycle does not  fall under                                                                    
     the definition of a "motor-driven cycle"                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
1:48:37 PM                                                                                                                    
     Section  9  (page   4)  Amends  AS  28.90.990(a)(33-36)                                                                    
     states  that  the   term  "bicycle"  includes  electric                                                                    
     assisted bicycles in the  three following classes: (34)                                                                    
     Class 1: bicycles  that assist only while  the rider is                                                                    
     pedaling  and that  stop  providing  assistance at  the                                                                    
     speed  of 20  miles per  hour, (35)  Class 2:  bicycles                                                                    
     that can  propel whether or  not the rider  is pedaling                                                                    
     and that stop  providing assistance at the  speed of 20                                                                    
     miles per hour, and (36)  Class 3: bicycles that assist                                                                    
     only  while  the  rider  is   pedaling  and  that  stop                                                                    
     providing assistance at the speed of 28 miles per hour                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Section  10 (page  5) Amends  AS 41.23.300  states that                                                                    
     "bicycling"  includes  the   use  of  electric-assisted                                                                    
     bicycles,  and that  "electric-assisted bicycles"  have                                                                    
     the meaning provided in the previous section                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
1:49:47 PM                                                                                                                    
MS.  CARRICK  presented a  PowerPoint  on  HB 87,  Electric-                                                                    
Assisted Bicycles.  She reviewed slide 2,  Goals. She stated                                                                    
that one  goal of  HB 87  was to  regulate electric-assisted                                                                    
bicycles as bicycles.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
1:50:51 PM                                                                                                                    
MS. CARRICK reviewed slide 3, New Definition for Electric-                                                                      
Assistance Bicycle, which read:                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     A bicycle that is:                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
        • Designed to travel with not more than three                                                                           
          wheels in contact with the ground                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
      • Has fully operative pedals for human propulsion                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
        • Is equipped with an electric motor that has a                                                                         
         power output of not more than 750 watts (1 hp)                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     Electric-bicycles are further defined by the following                                                                     
     three classes:                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
        • Class 1: bicycles that assist only while the                                                                          
          rider is pedaling and that stop providing                                                                             
          assistance at the speed of 20 miles per hour                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
        • Class 2: bicycles that can propel whether or not                                                                      
          the rider is pedaling and that stop providing                                                                         
          assistance at the speed of 20 miles per hour                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
        • Class 3: bicycles that assist only while the                                                                          
          rider is pedaling and that stop providing                                                                             
          assistance at the speed of 28 miles per hour                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS. CARRICK  explained that  the sponsor  added designations                                                                    
Class 1,  2, and  3 for e-bikes  at the  industry's request,                                                                    
and from committee discussions.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
1:51:35 PM                                                                                                                    
MS.  CARRICK reviewed  slide 4,  Overview  of Electric  Bike                                                                    
Regulations, which depicted a map  of the United States. She                                                                    
stated  that  46  states  have  a  definition  for  electric                                                                    
bicycles,  and  37  states   adopted  the  model  definition                                                                    
regulating  three  classes  of  electric-assisted  bicycles.                                                                    
Only  a  few  states  have   not  clarified  their  laws  on                                                                    
electric-assisted bicycles.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
1:52:14 PM                                                                                                                    
MS.  CARRICK reviewed  slide 5,  E-Bikes are  NOT. She  said                                                                    
that  e-bikes are  not mopeds,  motor scooters,  dirt bikes,                                                                    
Segways,  motorcycles, cars,  or  electric wheelchairs.  She                                                                    
related  that each  of these  motorized vehicles  is defined                                                                    
elsewhere in statute.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS.  CARRICK stated  that electric-assisted  bicycles or  e-                                                                    
bikes  must have  fully operative  pedals, and  their engine                                                                    
size cannot exceed more than 750 watts.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
1:53:42 PM                                                                                                                    
MS.  CARRICK  reviewed  slide 6,  Example  Electric-Assisted                                                                    
Bicycle, depicting  an illustration of  an electric-assisted                                                                    
bicycle, identifying  the location of the  battery, electric                                                                    
motor, and fully operable pedals.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
1:53:59 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR MICCICHE  noted Alaska  has numerous  federal parks.                                                                    
He asked whether the sponsor  has contacted federal agencies                                                                    
to determine how federal law  will regard e-bikes. The state                                                                    
would  essentially not  regulate  e-bikes,  but he  recalled                                                                    
that  some  federal   agencies  consider  e-bikes  motorized                                                                    
vehicles  [and regulations  were  published  in the  Federal                                                                    
Register  on  November 2,  2020,  effective  on December  2,                                                                    
2020.]                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS. CARRICK  stated that currently,  a person could  ride an                                                                    
e-bike  on  the  Denali Park  Road  since  electric-assisted                                                                    
bicycles are  considered non-motorized by the  National Park                                                                    
Service (NPS).                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
1:55:31 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR KIEHL  reviewed the bill's  structure. He  said that                                                                    
the Department of Public Safety  (DPS) must treat e-bikes as                                                                    
regular bicycles. He asked whether  the same limitations for                                                                    
e-bikes operated  on federal land  would apply to  DNR state                                                                    
parks. He restated his question.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS. CARRICK answered  yes. She said HB  87 would essentially                                                                    
consider  e-bikes  as  traditional  bicycles.  However,  the                                                                    
Department  of Natural  Resources' regulations  for bicycles                                                                    
would apply to e-bikes.  For example, suppose a municipality                                                                    
or DNR wanted  to limit e-bikes to a  specific motor wattage                                                                    
to   be  considered   non-motorized.  In   that  case,   the                                                                    
municipality or  DNR might need  to amend  their regulations                                                                    
or definitions  to exclude  electric-assisted bicycles  on a                                                                    
non-motorized trail.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
1:57:22 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  KIEHL  asked   whether  distinguishing  e-bikes  by                                                                    
classes would allow municipalities to exert local control.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MS. CARRICK  answered that the  class system is  an industry                                                                    
standard. For example, most e-bikes  are sold as Class 1, 2,                                                                    
or 3, which  could be helpful to  municipalities by allowing                                                                    
them to limit e-bikes on trails or paths to one class.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
1:58:28 PM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL  remarked  that some  of  the  national                                                                    
parks allow  certain classes of  e-bikes but not  all three.                                                                    
Class  1 and  3 e-bikes  require active  pedaling to  propel                                                                    
them.  Class 2  e-bikes provide  a certain  amount of  speed                                                                    
from the  throttle without pedaling,  so some  federal parks                                                                    
do  not  allow  them.  However, it  isn't  easy  to  enforce                                                                    
because  most   e-bikes  look  the  same.   He  agreed  that                                                                    
municipalities  could  impose  their own  restrictions.  For                                                                    
example, municipalities could allow  bicycles and e-bikes on                                                                    
some trails  and restrict them  on others. He  reported that                                                                    
the Municipality  of Anchorage  uses the definition  for the                                                                    
three classes of e-bikes for use on its trails.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
1:59:26 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  MYERS  related that  Alaskans  like  to tinker.  He                                                                    
asked how e-bikes would be  classified if the owner switched                                                                    
the motor to a larger one.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL answered that making  a change to any of                                                                    
the   three   classes   of    e-bikes   would   change   the                                                                    
classification of  the motorized vehicle. He  explained that                                                                    
motor-driven cycles,  including mini-bikes,  are gas-powered                                                                    
with  a  certain-size horsepower.  An  e-bike  powered by  a                                                                    
larger motor  might fit into  that category. He  compared it                                                                    
to  someone  who modifies  a  car  and changes  the  exhaust                                                                    
system  or  removes  a  pollution device.  It  may  be  more                                                                    
challenging to  detect but operating  a vehicle  without the                                                                    
exhaust  system  or  pollution  device  in  place  is  still                                                                    
illegal.  Thus, an  e-bike  with a  larger  motor could  not                                                                    
legally be considered an electric-assisted bicycle.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
2:00:47 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  SHOWER referred  to slide  5, E-Bikes  are NOT.  He                                                                    
remarked  on the  number of  bicycles used  in some  foreign                                                                    
countries and  the high numbers  of injuries and  deaths. He                                                                    
surmised that  people would likely ride  e-bikes on roadways                                                                    
used by  motor vehicles and  wondered how to  regulate them.                                                                    
He compared it to snow  machines driven on roadways creating                                                                    
issues. He  wondered how to  regulate e-bikes so  they would                                                                    
not create hazards.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
2:03:18 PM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL said  he shared  his concerns.  He said                                                                    
that  defining e-bikes  as  bicycles  means bicyclists  must                                                                    
follow the  rules and regulations that  pertain to bicycles.                                                                    
He noted  that bicycles must  be operated in bike  lanes and                                                                    
alongside  the  road.  He  stated  that  a  Class  3  e-bike                                                                    
provides  pedal assist  assistance up  to 28  mph. He  noted                                                                    
that this was pretty slow  compared to motor vehicle speeds.                                                                    
He said  he hoped e-bike  operators would not be  tempted to                                                                    
ride their e-bikes  on roadways. He pointed  out that Alaska                                                                    
doesn't have significant urban areas  like some countries or                                                                    
states.  He acknowledged  that e-bikes  could attain  higher                                                                    
speeds much  easier than when  riding regular  bicycles, but                                                                    
traditional bicycles  can also  go pretty fast  downhill. He                                                                    
stated that he understood the concern.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
SENATOR SHOWER offered to further  discuss his concerns with                                                                    
the sponsor offline.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
2:05:17 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR MYERS recalled  that when he was  bicycling avidly his                                                                    
maximum speed was approximately 15  miles per hour unless he                                                                    
was going  downhill. He  wondered how  to handle  e-bikes in                                                                    
school zones since some can attain 28 mph.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:06:03 PM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL  surmised that  if a  bicyclist exceeded                                                                    
the speed  limit, the operator  would be breaking  a traffic                                                                    
law. He  stated that bicyclists  must abide by rules  of the                                                                    
road and stop  at red lights and stop signs.  He offered his                                                                    
view that regular  bicycles could attain 28  miles per hour.                                                                    
He remarked that bicyclists would need to be considerate.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
2:07:06 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR KIEHL  agreed that when  a bicycle is operated  on a                                                                    
roadway, the bicyclist is subject  to the rules of the road,                                                                    
including speed  limits. He surmised  that e-bikes  would be                                                                    
faster  than   pedal-driven  bicycles.  He  stated   he  had                                                                    
concerns  about using  e-bikes on  sidewalks and  bike paths                                                                    
used by pedestrians, but the  sponsor addressed his concerns                                                                    
when he explained the local control options.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
2:08:12 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  SHOWER  asked  whether e-bike  operators  would  be                                                                    
subject to driving under the influence laws.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL  stated   that  someone  operating  any                                                                    
motorized vehicle,  such as  an e-bike  on a  public roadway                                                                    
would be  a DUI. A  bicycle is  not a motorized  vehicle but                                                                    
operating it in  public drunk would be  illegal, although he                                                                    
was  unsure   of  the  specific  offense,   such  as  public                                                                    
endangerment.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
SENATOR  SHOWER said  he was  trying to  determine if  there                                                                    
were any unintended consequences for e-bikes.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL commented  that people don't necessarily                                                                    
buy  e-bikes so  they  can go  faster.  Since e-bikes  allow                                                                    
pedaling  without  effort, they  help  people  go uphill  or                                                                    
travel farther,  not necessarily faster. He  related that he                                                                    
has  observed people  riding their  e-bikes up  Perseverance                                                                    
Trail  using the  assist function  but then  riding downhill                                                                    
using the regular pedaling function.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
2:10:54 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  MICCICHE   remarked  that  the   government  cannot                                                                    
control bad behavior.  He offered his view  that people need                                                                    
to  operate  an  e-bike  responsibly   in  school  zones  or                                                                    
congested  areas.  He  characterized  riding  an  e-bike  as                                                                    
similar to  riding a  standard bike  but receiving  a little                                                                    
assistance. He  surmised that regular bicycles  could attain                                                                    
higher  than 15  mph speeds  going downhill.  Most electric-                                                                    
assisted bicycles stop assisting  at higher speeds. He spoke                                                                    
in favor of e-bikes because  it would likely get more people                                                                    
out on bikes  for longer rides, which he  viewed as healthy.                                                                    
He  surmised that  if a  person behaved  irresponsibly, they                                                                    
could do so on an electric or a regular bike.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
2:12:49 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR BISHOP  asked if  HB 87  had an  immediate effective                                                                    
date.                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS. CARRICK said it was a  definition bill so she thought it                                                                    
would have  an immediate effective  date but she  offered to                                                                    
check and report back to the committee.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
2:13:50 PM                                                                                                                    
ALEX LOGEMANN,  Policy Counsel, People for  Bikes Coalition,                                                                    
Denver, Colorado, spoke  in support of HB 87.  He stated the                                                                    
coalition   is  a   national   advocacy   group  and   trade                                                                    
association  for the  US  bicycle  business that  represents                                                                    
suppliers,  manufacturers,  and   distributors  in  the  US,                                                                    
including electric-assisted bicycles.  He said the coalition                                                                    
has been  active in e-bike  policies for about  eight years.                                                                    
He  characterized  the  bill as  a  pro-industry  regulatory                                                                    
framework that the coalition supports.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
2:15:00 PM                                                                                                                    
MR. LOGEMANN offered to cover  federal laws. The three-class                                                                    
system  in  HB 87  was  also  adopted into  federal  funding                                                                    
statutes   that  regulate   motorized  vehicles.   Electric-                                                                    
assisted  bicycles  are  allowed on  facilities  built  with                                                                    
federal  non-motorized  funding,  aligning state  laws  with                                                                    
federal  laws. This  provides  state  and local  governments                                                                    
assurance that when they allow  e-bikes on their paths, they                                                                    
will  not  have  issues  related  to  non-motorized  federal                                                                    
funding.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
2:15:43 PM                                                                                                                    
MR.  LOGEMANN   recalled  questions  on  how   federal  land                                                                    
management  agencies were  regulating  e-bikes. He  reported                                                                    
four  agencies  within  the   Department  of  the  Interior,                                                                    
including  the  National  Park Service.  Fish  and  Wildlife                                                                    
Service, the Bureau  of Reclamation, and the  Bureau of Land                                                                    
Management use  the three-class system to  regulate e-bikes.                                                                    
The US  Forest Service  does not  have an  e-bike regulatory                                                                    
framework but  treats e-bikes  as motorized  vehicles. Thus,                                                                    
e-bikes on USFS lands will  be limited strictly to motorized                                                                    
trails. This  bill would  not change  that, so  e-bikes will                                                                    
still need to abide by USFS regulations.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
2:16:49 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR MYERS  noted that Jeffery Schmitz,  Director, Division                                                                    
of Motor  Vehicles, was available  for questions,  but there                                                                    
were no questions.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
2:17:34 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  MYERS  opened  public  testimony;  finding  none;  he                                                                    
closed public testimony on HB 87.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  MYERS asked  whether members  had any  amendments and                                                                    
there were none.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
2:18:12 PM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL  made   closing  comments.  He  thanked                                                                    
members  for hearing  the bill.  Almost every  state in  the                                                                    
country has  adopted statutes defining e-bikes  as bicycles.                                                                    
He said he hoped that HB 87 would become law.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
2:18:44 PM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR SHOWER moved to report  CSHB 87(JUD), work order 32-                                                                    
LS0397\B,  from  committee with  individual  recommendations                                                                    
and attached fiscal note(s).                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  MYERS  found  no  objection,  and  CSHB  87(JUD)  was                                                                    
reported from the Senate Transportation Standing Committee.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL thanked the committee.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:19:02 PM                                                                                                                    
At ease                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
2:21:02 PM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR MYERS reconvened the meeting.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
2:21:27 PM                                                                                                                    
There being no further business to come before the                                                                              
committee, Chair Myers adjourned the Senate Transportation                                                                      
Standing Committee meeting at 2:21 p.m.                                                                                         

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
HB 87 Backup Intro PowerPoint.pdf STRA 2/3/2022 1:30:00 PM
HB 87
HB 87 Backup Alaska EBIke Law.pdf STRA 2/3/2022 1:30:00 PM
HB 87
HB 87 Sponsor Statement.pdf STRA 2/3/2022 1:30:00 PM
HB 87
HB 87 Sectional Version B.pdf STRA 2/3/2022 1:30:00 PM
HB 87
HB 87 Fiscal DOA.pdf STRA 2/3/2022 1:30:00 PM
HB 87