Legislature(2021 - 2022)BUTROVICH 205

02/17/2022 03:30 PM Senate STATE AFFAIRS

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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
*+ SB 161 POLITICAL PARTY DEFINITION TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
*+ HB 157 APOC; REPORT REFERENDA/RECALL CONTRIBUTOR TELECONFERENCED
Scheduled but Not Heard
+= SB 115 ADDRESS CONFIDENTIALITY PROGRAM TELECONFERENCED
Scheduled but Not Heard
*+ SJR 20 URGE PASSAGE OF HEARING PROTECTION ACT TELECONFERENCED
Scheduled but Not Heard
-- Invited & Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled: TELECONFERENCED
+= SB 66 MEMBERS LEG COUNCIL; LEG BUDGET & AUDIT TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSSB 66(STA) Out of Committee
-- Public Testimony --
+= HB 148 ALASKA COORDINATE SYSTEM OF 2022 TELECONFERENCED
Moved HB 148 am Out of Committee
+ SB 81 VILLAGE PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER GRANTS TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSSB 81(CRA) Out of Committee
-- Invited & Public Testimony --
Uniform Rule 23 Waived
**Streamed live on AKL.tv**
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
            SENATE STATE AFFAIRS STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                           
                       February 17, 2022                                                                                        
                           3:33 p.m.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
                             DRAFT                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Senator Mike Shower, Chair                                                                                                      
Senator Lora Reinbold, Vice Chair                                                                                               
Senator Mia Costello                                                                                                            
Senator Roger Holland                                                                                                           
Senator Scott Kawasaki                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
All members present                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 148 AM                                                                                                           
"An Act relating to the Alaska Coordinate System of 2022."                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED HB 148 AM OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
SENATE BILL NO. 161                                                                                                             
"An Act relating to the definition of 'political party'; and                                                                    
providing for an effective date."                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
SENATE BILL NO. 66                                                                                                              
"An Act relating to the membership of the legislative council;                                                                  
and relating to the membership of the Legislative Budget and                                                                    
Audit Committee."                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED CSSB 66(STA) OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
SENATE BILL NO. 81                                                                                                              
"An  Act requiring  background investigations  of village  public                                                               
safety  officer applicants  by the  Department of  Public Safety;                                                               
relating  to  the  village public  safety  officer  program;  and                                                               
providing for an effective date."                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED CSSB 81(CRA) OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 157(FIN)                                                                                
"An  Act requiring  the  disclosure of  the  identity of  certain                                                               
persons,  groups,  and nongroup  entities  that  expend money  in                                                               
support of or  in opposition to an application filed  for a state                                                               
referendum  or  recall  election;  relating to  the  location  of                                                               
offices  for  the  Alaska  Public   Offices  Commission  and  the                                                               
locations at which certain statements  and reports filed with the                                                               
commission  are made  available; relating  to the  duties of  the                                                               
Alaska  Public  Offices  Commission;  clarifying  the  limits  on                                                               
making,   accepting,   and   reporting  certain   cash   campaign                                                               
contributions; relating to campaign  finance reporting by certain                                                               
groups; increasing the time the  Alaska Public Offices Commission                                                               
has to respond to a request  for an advisory opinion; repealing a                                                               
reporting  requirement  for  certain contributions;  relating  to                                                               
contribution limits  and recall  campaigns; and providing  for an                                                               
effective date."                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     - SCHEDULED BUT NOT HEARD                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
SENATE BILL NO. 115                                                                                                             
"An  Act requiring  the  disclosure of  the  identity of  certain                                                               
persons,  groups,  and nongroup  entities  that  expend money  in                                                               
support of or  in opposition to an application filed  for a state                                                               
referendum  or  recall  election;  relating to  the  location  of                                                               
offices  for  the  Alaska  Public   Offices  Commission  and  the                                                               
locations at which certain statements  and reports filed with the                                                               
commission  are made  available; relating  to the  duties of  the                                                               
Alaska  Public  Offices  Commission;  clarifying  the  limits  on                                                               
making,   accepting,   and   reporting  certain   cash   campaign                                                               
contributions; relating to campaign  finance reporting by certain                                                               
groups; increasing the time the  Alaska Public Offices Commission                                                               
has to respond to a request  for an advisory opinion; repealing a                                                               
reporting  requirement  for  certain contributions;  relating  to                                                               
contribution limits  and recall  campaigns; and providing  for an                                                               
effective date."                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     - SCHEDULED BUT NOT HEARD                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
SENATE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 20                                                                                                  
"An  Act requiring  the  disclosure of  the  identity of  certain                                                               
persons,  groups,  and nongroup  entities  that  expend money  in                                                               
support of or  in opposition to an application filed  for a state                                                               
referendum  or  recall  election;  relating to  the  location  of                                                               
offices  for  the  Alaska  Public   Offices  Commission  and  the                                                               
locations at which certain statements  and reports filed with the                                                               
commission  are made  available; relating  to the  duties of  the                                                               
Alaska  Public  Offices  Commission;  clarifying  the  limits  on                                                               
making,   accepting,   and   reporting  certain   cash   campaign                                                               
contributions; relating to campaign  finance reporting by certain                                                               
groups; increasing the time the  Alaska Public Offices Commission                                                               
has to respond to a request  for an advisory opinion; repealing a                                                               
reporting  requirement  for  certain contributions;  relating  to                                                               
contribution limits  and recall  campaigns; and providing  for an                                                               
effective date."                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     - SCHEDULED BUT NOT HEARD                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 148                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: ALASKA COORDINATE SYSTEM OF 2022                                                                                   
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) SHAW                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
03/24/21       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
03/24/21       (H)       STA, RES                                                                                               
04/17/21       (H)       STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
04/17/21       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
04/17/21       (H)       MINUTE(STA)                                                                                            
04/22/21       (H)       STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
04/22/21       (H)       Moved HB 148 Out of Committee                                                                          
04/22/21       (H)       MINUTE(STA)                                                                                            
04/26/21       (H)       STA RPT 6DP                                                                                            
04/26/21       (H)       DP:   VANCE,  CLAMAN,   STORY,  KAUFMAN,                                                               
                         TARR, KREISS-TOMKINS                                                                                   
05/05/21       (H)       RES AT 1:00 PM BARNES 124                                                                              
05/05/21       (H)       Moved HB 148 Out of Committee                                                                          
05/05/21       (H)       MINUTE(RES)                                                                                            
05/06/21       (H)       RES RPT 4DP 1DNP 1NR 2AM                                                                               
05/06/21       (H)       DP: SCHRAGE, GILLHAM, CRONK, MCKAY                                                                     
05/06/21       (H)       DNP: RAUSCHER                                                                                          
05/06/21       (H)       NR: FIELDS                                                                                             
05/06/21       (H)       AM: HANNAN, PATKOTAK                                                                                   
05/15/21       (H)       TRANSMITTED TO (S)                                                                                     
05/15/21       (H)       VERSION: HB 148 AM                                                                                     
05/17/21       (S)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
05/17/21       (S)       STA, RES                                                                                               
02/03/22       (S)       STA AT 3:30 PM BUTROVICH 205                                                                           
02/03/22       (S)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
02/03/22       (S)       MINUTE(STA)                                                                                            
02/08/22       (S)       STA AT 3:30 PM BUTROVICH 205                                                                           
02/08/22       (S)       Scheduled but Not Heard                                                                                
02/15/22       (S)       STA AT 3:30 PM BUTROVICH 205                                                                           
02/15/22       (S)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
02/15/22       (S)       MINUTE(STA)                                                                                            
02/17/22       (S)       STA AT 3:30 PM BUTROVICH 205                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
BILL: SB  66                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: MEMBERS LEG COUNCIL; LEG BUDGET & AUDIT                                                                            
SPONSOR(s): SENATOR(s) BEGICH                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
02/03/21       (S)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/03/21       (S)       STA                                                                                                    
03/16/21       (S)       STA AT 3:30 PM BUTROVICH 205                                                                           
03/16/21       (S)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/16/21       (S)       MINUTE(STA)                                                                                            
02/10/22       (S)       STA AT 3:30 PM BUTROVICH 205                                                                           
02/10/22       (S)       Scheduled but Not Heard                                                                                
02/17/22       (S)       STA AT 3:30 PM BUTROVICH 205                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
BILL: SB  81                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: VILLAGE PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER GRANTS                                                                               
SPONSOR(s): SENATOR(s) OLSON                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
02/12/21       (S)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/12/21       (S)       CRA, STA, FIN                                                                                          
04/20/21       (S)       CRA AT 3:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)                                                                      
04/20/21       (S)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
04/20/21       (S)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
04/27/21       (S)       CRA AT 3:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)                                                                      
04/27/21       (S)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
04/27/21       (S)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
04/29/21       (S)       CRA AT 3:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)                                                                      
04/29/21       (S)       -- MEETING CANCELED --                                                                                 
05/04/21       (S)       CRA AT 3:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)                                                                      
05/04/21       (S)       Moved CSSB 81(CRA) Out of Committee                                                                    
05/04/21       (S)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
05/07/21       (S)       CRA RPT CS  2DP 2NR SAME TITLE                                                                         
05/07/21       (S)       NR: HUGHES, WILSON                                                                                     
05/07/21       (S)       DP: GRAY-JACKSON, MYERS                                                                                
02/16/22       (S)       STA WAIVED PUBLIC HEARING NOTICE,RULE                                                                  
                         23                                                                                                     
02/17/22       (S)       STA AT 3:30 PM BUTROVICH 205                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
BILL: SB 161                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: POLITICAL PARTY DEFINITION                                                                                         
SPONSOR(s): SENATOR(s) WIELECHOWSKI                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
01/18/22       (S)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        

01/18/22 (S) STA, JUD 02/17/22 (S) STA AT 3:30 PM BUTROVICH 205 WITNESS REGISTER SENATOR BILL WIELECHOWSKI Alaska State Legislature Juneau, Alaska POSITION STATEMENT: Sponsor of SB 161. DAVID DUNSMORE, Staff Senator Bill Wielechowski Juneau, Alaska POSITION STATEMENT: Answered questions during the introduction of SB 161. SENATOR TOM BEGICH Alaska State Legislature Juneau, Alaska POSITION STATEMENT: Sponsor or SB 66 SENATOR DONALD OLSON Alaska State Legislature Juneau, Alaska POSITION STATEMENT: Sponsor of SB 81 BRIX HAHN, Staff Senator Donald Olson Alaska State Legislature Juneau, Alaska POSITION STATEMENT: During the hearing on SB 81, presented the recommendations from the working group, the explanation of changes between version A and version I, and the sectional analysis. JAMES COCKRELL, Commissioner Department of Public Safety Anchorage, Alaska POSITION STATEMENT: Testified in support of SB 81. JOEL HARD, Director Village Public Safety Operations Department of Public Safety Anchorage, Alaska POSITION STATEMENT: Answered questions during the hearing on SB 81. TARENCE SHANIGAN, representing self Anchorage, Alaska POSITION STATEMENT: Provided information during the hearing on SB 81. MICHAEL NEMETH, VPSO Program Coordinator Aleutian Pribilof Island Association Anchorage, Alaska POSITION STATEMENT: Testified in support of SB 81. CAROL PISCOYA, Vice President Community Services Division Kawerak Corporation Nome, Alaska POSITION STATEMENT: Testified in support of SB 81. ACTION NARRATIVE 3:33:25 PM CHAIR MIKE SHOWER called the Senate State Affairs Standing Committee meeting to order at 3:33 p.m. Present at the call to order were Senators Kawasaki, Holland, Reinbold, Costello, and Chair Shower. HB 148-ALASKA COORDINATE SYSTEM OF 2022 3:34:13 PM CHAIR SHOWER announced the consideration of HOUSE BILL NO. 148 am "An Act relating to the Alaska Coordinate System of 2022." He asked Mr. Williams if he had any final comments from the sponsor. 3:34:33 PM REECE WILLIAMS, Staff, Representative Laddie Shaw, Alaska State Legislature, Juneau, Alaska, thanked the committee for hearing the bill and potentially moving it forward. CHAIR SHOWER expressed appreciation for the sponsor's in-depth knowledge on the subject of the Alaska Coordinate System. SENATOR COSTELLO related that she recently spoke to the State Board of Registration for Architects, Engineers, and Land Surveyors and the members expressed great interest in moving this bill forward. CHAIR SHOWER solicited a motion. 3:35:10 PM SENATOR REINBOLD moved to report HB 148 [am], work order 32- LS0407\A.A, from committee with individual recommendations and attached fiscal note(s). CHAIR SHOWER found no objection and HB 148 am was reported from the Senate State Affairs Standing Committee. 3:35:37 PM At ease SB 161-POLITICAL PARTY DEFINITION 3:37:04 PM CHAIR SHOWER reconvened the meeting and announced the consideration of SENATE BILL NO. 161 "An Act relating to the definition of 'political party'; and providing for an effective date." 3:37:16 PM SENATOR BILL WIELECHOWSKI, Alaska State Legislature, Juneau, Alaska, sponsor of SB 161, credited a constituent for requesting this legislation. He explained that current law states that a political party must receive at least three percent of the total votes cast in a governor race, U.S. Senate race, or U.S. House of Representatives race to be recognized as an official political party. The concern expressed by smaller political parties is that the threshold varies considerably from election to election. He cited the example from the 2020 election when the threshold increased 27 percent because voter turnout increased. He highlighted that with passage of Ballot Measure 2, official party status will no longer be used to determine ballot access for state candidates. SENATOR WIELECHOWSKI stated that SB 161 simplifies the process by changing the widely variable three percent threshold to a single threshold of 5,000 registered voters. This should save the Division of Elections both time and expense because they would no longer have to review the petitions from smaller political parties to appear on the ballot. 3:38:58 PM SENATOR COSTELLO asked how long ago the three percent threshold for recognition as a political party was established. 3:39:14 PM DAVID DUNSMORE, Staff, Senator Bill Wielechowski, Juneau, Alaska, offered to follow up with a detailed history. He also clarified that prior to passage of Ballot Measure 2, a political party could qualify to be on the ballot if their nominee got more than three percent of the votes or three percent of the registered voters were registered with that party. Only the second option is available today. 3:40:18 PM SENATOR REINBOLD observed that the three percent of registered voters threshold seems to have eliminated the Green Party since 2000. She asked if he had talked to any party representatives. MR. DUNSMORE answered no, but the Green Party would be closer to the threshold if SB 161 were to pass. He directed attention to the graph he prepared based on Division of Elections data that shows the fluctuation in numbers of registered voters from 2010 to 2020. This year over 11,000 registered voters are needed for a political party to be officially recognized and about 8,000 registered voters were needed in the last presidential election. He reiterated that if SB 161 were to pass, the threshold would remain steady at 5,000. SENATOR REINBOLD asked if he agreed with her assessment that the bill could make a stronger two-party system. 3:41:59 PM MR. DUNSMORE replied the expectation is that the bill will not change the number of parties that voters see on the ballot because parties have had the ability to petition to appear on the ballot when they didn't reach the threshold. For example, in the last election the Alliance Party successfully petitioned to appear on the ballot although it had just 18 registered voters. SB 161 would save the Division of Elections from having to process petitions for parties that have demonstrated support from 5,000 voters. SENATOR REINBOLD expressed concern about the possibility of disenfranchising voters and her desire to hear from the Constitution Party, the Green Party, and others. She asked for confirmation that this would not affect the [Alaska Independence Party]. MR. DUNSMORE clarified that the bill would not affect nonpartisan candidates, but the threshold would apply to the Alaska Independence Party, which is well above the threshold. 3:43:58 PM SENATOR WIELECHOWSKI summarized that current law requires a political party to receive three percent of the total votes cast in a race for governor, U.S. Senator, or U.S. House of Representatives to be recognized as a political party. SB 161 substantially lowers that number to 5,000 votes. He acknowledged that 5,000 was an arbitrary selection and he was amenable to lowering it somewhat if that was the committee's wish. 3:44:37 PM SENATOR HOLLAND expressed appreciation that the proposal broadens access. CHAIR SHOWER held SB 161 in committee for future consideration. SB 66-MEMBERS LEG COUNCIL; LEG BUDGET & AUDIT 3:45:38 PM CHAIR SHOWER announced the consideration of SENATE BILL NO. 66 "An Act relating to the membership of the legislative council; and relating to the membership of the Legislative Budget and Audit Committee." He noted that the bill was first heard on 3/16/21. At that time he objected to adopting the committee substitute (CS) version B for discussion purposes. 3:45:55 PM CHAIR SHOWER removed his objection and version B was adopted. He asked the sponsor to refresh the committee's recall of the bill. 3:46:04 PM SENATOR TOM BEGICH, Alaska State Legislature, Juneau, Alaska, sponsor or SB 66, recapped that SB 66 seeks to ensure meaningful minority membership on the very important Legislative Council and Legislative Budget and Audit committees. He said he appreciated Senator Reinbold's comments during the previous hearing when she acknowledged that the representation was unfair due to a quirk in the law. SENATOR BEGICH explained that the law says these committees shall have at least one member from each of the two major political parties in each house. However, that provision ignores the fact that bipartisan and other coalitions have formed in the past, effectively denying the organized minority seats on these committees. Following up on a previous question, he explained that in the last decade this has consistently happened in the Senate. A member of the majority whose party designation is different from most members of the majority has been appointed to the minority seat. Explicitly in the last two years, he said that has left the minority with no representation on either Legislative Council or Legislative Budget and Audit. SENATOR BEGICH emphasized that SB 66 would not take effect until after the 32nd Legislature so it would not change the current membership on the committee. It simply honors the minority voice and gives the minority, regardless of party, a seat on these key legislative committees. To demonstrate the importance, he highlighted that the Legislative Budget and Audit Committee may consider over $3.2 billion through the RPL process and his caucus would have no voice. CHAIR SHOWER noted that he received no amendments. SENATOR REINBOLD expressed appreciation for the bill because the minority voice needs to be heard. She also spoke of her disagreement with the RPL process and bottlenecks in certain committees in the other body. 3:51:31 PM SENATOR BEGICH responded that he shares the desire for RPL reform because the process is abused. To the second point, he said he would do what he could. 3:52:10 PM SENATOR COSTELLO asked: 1) if the designee is a legislator or somebody who is not elected; 2) how that is different than an alternate; and 3) whether the minority leader would be the only member on the committee to have a designee. SENATOR BEGICH replied the designee would need to be an elected member of the minority caucus. SENATOR COSTELLO asked if only the minority leader would have the ability to have a designee, should the bill pass. SENATOR BEGICH answered yes because the minority would have just one seat and the minority leader's schedule may conflict with these committee meetings. The majority has more seats on each of those committees so it is always represented. SENATOR COSTELLO pressed the point that just the minority would have a designee and the bill does not indicate whether the designee is permanent or if the minority leader could send a minority member in their stead. The majority only has an alternate. She described the language as ambiguous. 3:55:33 PM SENATOR BEGICH suggested a simple solution would be to amend the language on page 1, lines 6-7; page 1, lines 8-9; and page 2, lines 6-7 by deleting "or the senate minority leader's designee". He cautioned that it removes the flexibility of the minority from selecting someone other than the minority leader to sit on these committees. For example, he would be appointed to the seat since he is minority leader but it would be a disservice to the caucus. His preference would be to have the ability to point one of the five minority members who are far more knowledgeable in finance matters. He said he understands the concern, but he hopes she would see that the intent is simply to provide flexibility. 3:57:17 PM At ease 4:00:08 PM CHAIR SHOWER reconvened the meeting and advised that the discussion was about ensuring there is both a designee and flexibility. He noted that the sponsor proposed a solution. 4:00:27 PM SENATOR BEGICH suggested replacing the word "designee" with the word "alternate" on page 1, line 7; page 1, line 9; page 2, line 6; and page 2, line 7. 4:00:56 PM SENATOR KAWASAKI moved Conceptual Amendment 1. CONCEPTUAL AMENDMENT 1 TO SB 66 Page 1, line 7: Delete "designee" Insert "alternate" Page 1, line 9: Delete "designee" Insert "alternate" Page 2, line 6 Delete "designee" Insert "alternate" Page 2 line 7 Delete "designee" Insert "alternate" CHAIR SHOWER objected for discussion purposes. He asked if there were questions or comments and there were none. 4:01:39 PM CHAIR SHOWER removed his objection. Finding no further objection, Conceptual Amendment 1 to SB 66 passed. 4:02:06 PM CHAIR SHOWER opened public testimony on SB 66; finding none, he closed public testimony. SENATOR BEGICH thanked the committee for improving the bill. CHAIR SHOWER solicited the will of the committee. 4:02:55 PM SENATOR REINBOLD moved to report SB 66, work order 32-LS0410\A, with individual recommendations, attached fiscal note(s), conceptual amendment, and accompanying documents from committee and give Legislative Legal permission to make technical or conforming changes as necessary. 4:03:25 PM SENATOR KAWASAKI objected to point out that version B was the working document. He then withdrew his objection. CHAIR SHOWER asked Senator Reinbold to restate the motion. 4:03:58 PM SENATOR REINBOLD moved SB 66, work order 32-LS0410\B, with individual recommendations, attached fiscal note(s), the conceptual amendment and accompanying documents from State Affairs and authorize Legislative Legal Services to make any necessary technical or conforming changes. CHAIR SHOWER found no objection and CSSB 66(STA) was reported from the Senate State Affairs Standing Committee. 4:04:26 PM At ease SB 81-VILLAGE PUBLIC SAFETY OFFICER GRANTS [Contains discussion of HB 123.] 4:09:17 PM CHAIR SHOWER reconvened the meeting and announced the consideration of SENATE BILL NO. 81 "An Act requiring background investigations of village public safety officer applicants by the Department of Public Safety; relating to the village public safety officer program; and providing for an effective date." 4:09:38 PM SENATOR DONALD OLSON, Alaska State Legislature, Juneau, Alaska, sponsor of SB 81, introduced the legislation paraphrasing the sponsor statement. [Original punctuation provided.] This bill has been introduced to implement the nine recommendations of the joint legislative VPSO Working Group's report which was adopted on January 24, 2020. Created in the late 1970's, the Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO) program's stated purpose is to assist in the protection of "life and property" and coordinate probation and parole in rural communities. Currently, ten entities operate VPSO grants. Eight of the ten grantees are regionally based nonprofit corporations whose missions are to cultivate self- determination among local tribal citizens. One is a federally recognized tribe, and the Northwest Arctic Borough, a home rule regional government seated in Kotzebue, is the only grantee organization that is a municipal government. While the VPSO program has provided valuable service to participating areas, the past decade has seen shrinking numbers of VPSOs, significant difficulty in recruitment and retention of officers, and community needs that surpass the current duties of VPSOs. There is undoubtedly a need to address the crisis in public safety infrastructure and service in rural Alaska. On May 9th, 2019, Senate President Cathy Giessel and House Speaker Bryce Edgmon announced the creation of a Joint House/Senate Working Group to provide substantive policy recommendations related to the VPSO program. Appointed to the working group were: Senator Donny Olson, Co-Chair; Representative Chuck Kopp, Co-Chair; Senator Click Bishop; Senator Mike Shower; Representative Bryce Edgmon; and Representative George Rauscher. The working group was assigned to coordinate with stakeholders to examine the underlying causes of the recruitment and retention obstacle and provide proposals to turn around the epidemic rate of personnel turnover within the VPSO program. The working group held meetings, attended community meetings, participated in listening sessions, and worked with stakeholders to arrive at the proposals outlined in this report. The proposals primarily address the core problem of increasing the number of VPSO's available to communities. The bill incorporates the Working Group's nine short term recommendations: [The sponsor's staff read the nine recommendations.] SENATOR OLSON clarified that CSSB 81(CRA), version I, incorporates eight of the nine short term recommendations from the VPSO working group. Recommendation six was deemed unnecessary and was removed thanks to exemplary cooperation between the Department of Public Safety (DPS) and the VPSO coordinators. 4:12:25 PM BRIX HAHN, Staff, Senator Donald Olson, Alaska State Legislature, Juneau, Alaska, stated that SB 81 implements eight of the nine recommendations from the joint legislative Village Public Safety Officer (VPSO) Working Group report that was adopted January 24, 2020. She read the recommendations. Recommendation 1. Update the VPSO statutes to provide a clear law enforcement and public safety vision and mission for the program and provide VPSO personnel clear law enforcement duties and powers. Recommendation 2. Create more financial flexibility for the VPSO grantee organizations in the updated VPSO statutes. Recommendation 3. Restore VPSO funding levels to FY18 levels. Recommendation 4. Fund unfunded mandates. Recommendation 5. Related to Recommendation 4, in an updated VPSO statute, mandate that grant awards pay grantee organization their full indirect costs. Recommendation 6. Move financial grant management to the Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development. MS. HAWN highlighted that the previous committee of referral removed Recommendation 6 and credited the good working relationship between the Department of Public Safety (DPS) and the VPSO coordinators. Recommendation 7. Maintain operational advisory, training, and experience requirement oversight at the Department of Public Safety. Recommendation 8. In statute create a Tribal/Grantee organization consultation process before the Department can change training and experience requirements. Recommendation 9. Revised versions (consistent with the recommendations of the Working Group report) of current VPSO regulations need to be placed in statute in order to operationalize the VPSO program and to facilitate the grant management moving to the Department of Commerce. 4:14:15 PM MS. HAHN reviewed the changes between version A and version I of SB 81. She explained that version I maintains VPSO grant management within the Department of Public Safety. All references to the Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development (DCCED) were removed. The change that requires the bill to be renumbered starts with Section 5. In version A that proposed amending DCCED's enabling statute to add the VPSO program as a grant it had the authority to administer. That section was removed and the remaining sections of the bill were renumbered. 4:14:51 PM MS. HAHN paraphrased the sectional analysis for SB 81. Section 1 (pages 1-3) Amends AS 12.62.400 regarding criminal history background checks and adds VPSO program personnel as a program the Department of Public Safety is authorized to secure background checks via the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The substantive change occurs on page 3, line 21. Section 2 (page 3) Related to Section 1, Amends AS 18.65.080, one of the Department of Public Safety's enabling statutes. The amendment requires that the Department secure the background checks for VPSO program personnel. Sections 1 and 2 implement Recommendation 2 regarding creating more financial flexibility for the program. At one point the Department of Public Safety (DPS) was conducting background checks for the VPSO program then unilaterally stopped with no notice the grantee organizations. Sections 1 and 2 together make it clear that background checks are a DPS function for the VPSO program. Section 3 (pages 4-7) In current statute the VPSO program has only one statute, AS 18.65.670. Section 3 proposes to repeal and reenact the statute and add multiple new subsections. Subsection (a) has been rewritten to conform to the current Legislative Drafting Manual and because a new statute is proposed in Bill Section 4, AS 18.65.686, that updates VPSO duties and powers. Subsection (b) is identical to existing (b), except the last sentence of existing (b) is not included as it was deemed unnecessary. Subsection (c) is new and is the statutory codification of current DPS regulation 13 AAC 96.020. This implements Recommendation 9. Subsection (d) is new and is the statutory codification of current DPS regulation 13 AAC 96.030 with changes that remove the prohibition of existing 13 AAC 96.030(2) that prevents the payment of bonuses from other non-VPSO grant revenue sources. Also removed is the requirement that grantees indemnify the state. These changes implement Recommendations, 2, 4, and 9. Subsection (e) is new and is the partial statutory codification of current DPS regulations 13 AAC 96.040, specifically, (a)(2). This subsection sets the overall policy that one VPSO is generally assigned to one village unless the grantee organization requests additional VPSO personnel per village. The changes reflect a more neutral and less harsh tone than the language from the regulation. Subsection (f) is new and allows for traveling or "roving" VPSO personnel who are permitted to itinerate between villages within a grantee's region as public safety needs arise. These changes implement Recommendations 1, 2, and 9. Subsection (g) is new and is the partial statutory codification of current DPS regulations 13 AAC 96.040. New (g) contains grant award record keeping requirements and other grant management requirements. These changes implement Recommendations 1, 2, and 9. Subsection (h) contains new regulation adopting authority for the DPS commissioner, subject to the new consultation requirements of new (l) of this bill section. These changes implement Recommendations 1, 2, and 8. Subsection (i) allows for funding grantee organizations' indirect rates up to a statewide average of 35%. This language has been used as intent language in multiple prior operating budget bills. These changes partially implement Recommendations 2, 4-5. Subsection (j) is new and provides explicit instruction to the commissioner on grant fund disbursement. Specifically, that grant funds can be used for items reasonably related to public safety and VPSO duties as codified in this bill. Further, grant fund disbursement is to be timely and funding request are not to be unreasonably withheld. These changes partially implement Recommendation 2. Subsections (k) and (l) are related to new (i) and provides for a consultation and negotiated rule-making process for when any of the state agencies involved with the VPSO program exercise their regulation adopting authority. These changes implement Recommendation 8. MS. HAWN noted that the forgoing formalizes the existing cooperative process between VPSO coordinators and DPS to jointly make decisions about how the program works. Section 4 (pages 8-14) Creates new statutes: AS 18.65.672 is the statutory codification of current DPS regulation 13 AAC 96.080 dealing with VPSO qualification requirements. These changes implement Recommendation 9. AS 18.65.674 is the statutory codification of current DPS regulation 13 AAC 96.090 dealing with VPSO background checks. These changes implement Recommendation 9. AS 18.65.676 is the statutory codification of current DPS regulation 13 AAC 96.100 dealing with VPSO training requirements. These changes implement Recommendations 1 and 9. AS 18.65.678 is the statutory codification of current DPS regulations 13 AAC 96.040(b)(8) and 13 AAC 96.100 dealing with VPSO firearm training requirements. These changes implement Recommendations 9. AS 18 65.682 is the statutory codification of current DPS regulation 13 AAC 96.110 dealing with VPSO certification. These changes implement Recommendations 9. AS 18.65.684 is the statutory codification of current DPS regulation 13 AAC 96.120 dealing with the denial, revocation, or lapse of a VPSO certificate. These changes implement Recommendations 9. AS 18.65.686 contains the duties and functions that VPSO personnel are currently performing but are not codified in the existing statute. This implements Recommendation 1. AS 18.65.688 is a definitional section to deal with various terms used throughout the new statutory sections. Section 5 (page 14) Creates in the uncodified law a standard grandfather provision for existing VPSO personnel who may have been certified under different training requirements than what is provided for in this bill. Section 6 (page 14) Creates in the uncodified law a requirement that DPS continue its current level of interaction between itself and the VPSO personnel. That requirement is codified in current VPSO statute AS 18.65.670(c) with the language relating to DPS regulation authority extending to "the interaction between the Department of Public Safety and village public safety officers." This requirement is maintained by bill section 3(i) which uses the exact wording regarding DPS regulation authority. Section 7 (page 14) Is an effective date provision and provides that the subsections (b) (g) of repealed and reenacted AS 18.65.670 become effective on July 1, 2020. These subsections are proposed codifications and modifications of current department regulations. This will allow the department time to take action to make the department regulations consistent with the new provisions of statute enacted by this bill. Section 8 (page 14). Provides that all other sections of the bill have an immediate effective date. 4:22:14 PM SENATOR OLSON stated that while the bill appears to be complicated, it only goes through the recommendations the working group decided on. CHAIR SHOWER expressed appreciation for the bill. SENATOR REINBOLD recalled a VPSO bill when she was in the House that was purported to decrease law enforcement costs. She asked for the current wages for Village Public Safety Officers and Alaska State Troopers. SENATOR OLSON replied the pay scale for VPSOs is roughly $58,000 per year whereas Alaska State Troopers earn in excess of six figures. CHAIR SHOWER noted that the expert testimony could also speak to salaries. SENATOR REINBOLD said this is important because trooper costs are more than just the salary. She asked for an explanation of the 30 percent for administrative cost and asked what happens to the money when positions are unfilled. SENATOR OLSON deferred the question about administrative costs to the invited testimony. SENATOR REINBOLD asked what happens to the money when positions are not filled. SENATOR OLSON replied the funds are held within DPS. 4:26:33 PM JAMES COCKRELL, Commissioner, Department of Public Safety (DPS), Anchorage, Alaska, stated that DPS supports the VPSO program as a key component of its overall mission. The department has worked with both Senator Olson, Representative Patkotak and other legislators to develop a bill that will allow the VPSO program to grow and provide flexibility for communities, villages, and tribes to decide on the direction of the program. 4:27:35 PM CHAIR SHOWER asked if he had an opinion on the bill and if he foresaw any problems. COMMISSIONER COCKRELL stated that DPS supports SB 81 and any amendments the sponsor may put forward. The department is comfortable with the direction the bill is going. SENATOR OLSON said he would also like to hear from Kelly Howell. SENATOR REINBOLD expressed concern about political activism and asked if tribal courts have to follow state statutes. COMMISSIONER COCKRELL explained that most cases that a VPSO or a trooper handles will go through state court. However, the department does have civil diversion agreements with some tribes to take minor cases to tribal court. He said he supports allowing tribal courts to address lesser crimes and keep a member of a tribe from potentially getting a criminal record for a minor, non-person offense. Aside from the Indian Reserve on Metlakatla, felony cases go through state court. CHAIR SHOWER asked who has jurisdiction over a non-tribal member who is charged with committing a crime on tribal land and whether that person would have the right to appeal their sentence to a state court. He also asked if the reverse would apply for a tribal member. 4:32:39 PM COMMISSIONER COCKRELL replied DPS recognizes tribal criminal complaints and those can be taken to state court, although that does not apply to banishment because state courts do not recognize that penalty. He added that there is not a one-size- fits-all way of dealing with tribes in Alaska; troopers are more actively involved with tribes in some areas and certain tribal courts are more vibrant than others. He also briefly mentioned the concept of Circles that is something less than a tribal court that only hears minor adult cases and imposes penalties. CHAIR SHOWER asked Joel Hard if he had anything to add. 4:34:54 PM JOEL HARD, Director of Operations, Village Public Safety Officer program, Department of Public Safety, Anchorage, Alaska, explained that jurisdiction is primarily based on membership, not geography. However, the state always has concurrent jurisdiction so there is always a decision about the direction the case goes. CHAIR SHOWER asked who makes the decision and whether the individual is able to appeal. MR. HARD replied the actions in tribal court are directed toward tribal members but he didn't know how it works for non-tribal members. SENATOR REINBOLD said she wants all domestic violence and sexual assault cases to go to state court to ensure they are not silenced or ignored. She mentioned HB 123 and offered her belief that recognition is one thing, but sovereignty for the 229 tribes in Alaska is a different matter. COMMISSIONER COCKRELL said all domestic violence and sexual assault cases go to state court. The state isn't relinquishing its authority to allow minor crimes to be adjudicated in tribal court where the penalties might be gathering firewood or catching fish for an elder, but recognizes that tribes have their own system of justice for minor crimes committed within the tribe's jurisdiction and their culture plays a part. CHAIR SHOWER said he believes the state needs to figure out a consistent standard of justice because there could be complications if each of the 229 tribes has a different standard. COMMISSIONER COCKRELL said the heart of the matter is that the state has never provided an adequate law enforcement presence in the villages, and in that absence the federal government and the tribes have filled the void. He noted there were bills in Congress now to provide flexibility and autonomy for the [federally recognized] tribes in Alaska. We have only ourselves to blame, he said, because the state hasn't provided the support the tribes have needed since statehood. CHAIR SHOWER said he appreciates the honesty and self- assessment. SENATOR REINBOLD said she has no problem with someone being a member of a tribe. However, if tribes want sovereignty over all affairs, she wonders whether tribal members would have to follow state and federal laws. 4:42:42 PM COMMISSIONER COCKRELL responded that everyone is bound by state law and the State of Alaska is responsible for providing law enforcement in all jurisdictions. He noted that the Metlakatla Indian Reserve is an exception. CHAIR SHOWER noted that the sponsor had something to add. 4:43:34 PM SENATOR OLSON explained that the word sovereignty means different things depending on the context. The sovereignty of tribes comes from the federal treaty that talks about government-to-government interactions. That does not mean that a tribe could challenge either the state or U.S. governments. Tribes are subservient to both authorities with the hierarchy being the federal government first, state government second, and the tribal authorities below that. SENATOR REINBOLD asked how a sovereign nation differs from a recognized nation and whether a sovereign nation supersedes anything. SENATOR OLSON said he was not an expert and would rather not get caught up in semantics and the issue of sovereignty. It's an important issue, but SB 81 is about getting public safety in all communities. He highlighted that there are no VPSOs in the Kotzebue region and Bethel has just three of about 43 positions filled. CHAIR SHOWER called his former staff, Terrence Shanigan, to respond to the questions about the PL 280 authority [jurisdiction in criminal cases], the different meanings of sovereignty, versus, and the 30 percent administrative cost. 4:47:12 PM TARENCE SHANIGAN, representing self, Anchorage, Alaska, stated that SB 81 is only loosely affiliated to tribal sovereignty and tribal recognition. To Senator Reinbold's mention of HB 123 and statement about tribes potentially becoming sovereign, he clarified that Congress recognized most tribes as sovereign between 1934 and 1941. HB 123 is simply stating that fact and asking the state to acknowledge it. He stressed that neither HB 123 nor SB 81 asks for anything new or any new authority for tribes. MR. SHANIGAN noted that Commissioner Cockrell alluded to the significant differences between how tribes, except for Metlakatla, operate in terms of their relationship with the state and the state's authority. He said there are four sovereigns in Alaska and all four are identified in the U.S. Constitution. These are the federal government, the state government, tribes, and individuals. The 229 tribes in Alaska are all sovereigns and their authorities are limited based on Public Law (PL) 280 that Congress passed in the 1950s. This law ceded criminal jurisdiction to the state. MR. SHANIGAN referenced Senator Reinbold's question about administrative costs of 30 percent and explained that Governor Parnell removed the 15 percent cap on an organization's cost to administer for the VPSO program because it's expensive to operate in rural Alaska and organizations often exceeded the cap. He noted that in some areas the expenses ran as high as 40 percent but the average has been about 28.5 percent. CHAIR SHOWER asked Senator Reinbold if she had a follow-up. 4:51:20 PM SENATOR REINBOLD asked 1) if he was a member of a tribe; 2) where it says tribes are sovereign; 3) what sovereign means to him; 4) whether he sees any potential for conflict; and 5) if he intended to put tribes before individuals [when he mentioned the hierarchy of sovereignty in Alaska]. MR. SHANIGAN replied 1) he is a member of a tribe; 2) Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution recognizes the sovereign nature of tribes; 3) he is not a legal expert but federal documents and law reference tribal sovereignty; and 4) Alaska is one of several states governed by Public Law 280 rather than the reservation system where the federal government has more control and authority. In PL 280 states there is a lot more cross jurisdictional interaction and the state has far more authority than if there were reservations. Tribal courts in Alaska have specific limits because of PL 280. SENATOR REINBOLD said she found the following in Article I, Section 8: To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes. She acknowledged that he said the courts have recognized tribal sovereignty, but she needed somebody to show where the U.S. Constitution says tribes are sovereign. She noted she had not found that in the Constitution of the State of Alaska or state statute either. She reiterated her ongoing concern about the term sovereignty and unintended consequences. She added that she does support the VPSO program, law enforcement in communities, and more law enforcement in the Bush. MR. SHANIGAN said he would follow up and bring legal experts to speak to the matter, but tribal sovereignty is well known as a fact in the Alaska Native and American Indian communities. Nothing about tribal sovereignty would change tomorrow if HB 123 were to pass today. The bill simply states the fact that tribes in Alaska are sovereign. However, because Alaska has never acknowledged the federal recognition and sovereignty of tribes, it makes conversations about SB 81 and other bills difficult. CHAIR SHOWER asked him to provide the legal opinions to in written form and he would share it with the members and enter it into the record. He asked the sponsor if he had any comments before he turned to invited testimony. SENATOR OLSON commented on the ongoing and circular nature of the conversations about sovereignty. CHAIR SHOWER turned to invited testimony. 4:57:38 PM MICHAEL NEMETH, VPSO Program Coordinator, Aleutian Pribilof Island Association, Anchorage, Alaska, testified in support of SB 81. He related that this will be his 20th year as a Village Public Safety Officer. He stated that there is broad agreement that the public safety needs of Alaskans are paramount and all discussions about the VPSO program should begin with the recognition that keeping Alaska's communities safe is the highest priority. There is also agreement that the VPSO program is in need of change to better serve Alaskans. He said he never viewed the program as failed or broken, but as distressed due to different management styles and varying levels of support over the last decade. He expressed hope that the non-controversial solution put forward in SB 81 could pass both bodies this session. 4:59:04 PM CAROL PISCOYA, Vice President, Community Services Division, Kawerak Incorporation, Nome, Alaska, testified in support of SB 81. She reported that Kawerak administers the VPSO program in the Bering Strait region and is providing service to six of 15 communities. The reason that nine of the 15 communities do not have any law enforcement is due to recruitment problems, and the lack of adequate infrastructure to support VPSO programs is an additional barrier to recruitment. She emphasized the need to address the crisis in public safety infrastructure and service in rural Alaska and expressed optimism about the renewed sense of urgency and collaboration with the current Public Safety commissioner. She urged the committee to pass SB 81 saying it will provide the building blocks for regulation changes that will allow the VPSO program to flourish and provide excellent public safety services to Alaskans. 5:01:04 PM CHAIR SHOWER opened public testimony on SB 81; finding none, he closed public testimony. CHAIR SHOWER mentioned an amendment. 5:01:57 PM At ease 5:08:48 PM CHAIR SHOWER reconvened the meeting and explained that the committee was talking about how to address the two pages of suggested amendments that his staff had distributed. He acknowledged that some members were not comfortable with the speed the bill was moving and the fact that the suggested amendments had not been drafted by Legislative Legal Services. He said there were two options, 1) to work through the suggested changes or 2) to accept the bill and have the sponsor state on the record that he would accept the suggested changes exactly as is and take that to the finance committee. This committee could then watch to see that all the changes were added appropriately. He acknowledged that the first option was not viable because the committee was out of time today. He asked the members to comment on the viability of the second option. SENATOR OLSON asked if he could comment on the proposed amendments. CHAIR SHOWER suggested he wait until the committee members had a chance to weigh in. SENATOR REINBOLD stated that the VPSO program is important and she supports public safety, but she was a little uncomfortable moving the bill forward today. She added, "I'm glad we're moving the amendment. I'm going to trust your word on dealing with that amendment in the next finance committee." She also requested that courtesies be extended to all members who bring issues forward that they deem particularly important. She said she was willing to make the motion. CHAIR SHOWER said Senator Reinbold's request should be heard and acknowledged. He stated that he was comfortable moving the bill but he would respect the wishes of the committee. 5:12:50 PM SENATOR KAWASAKI commented that he had tracked this issue for many years and was happy to have the bill move forward because it had a long way to go. He offered to make the motion. 5:13:41 PM SENATOR OLSON said he appreciated the committee considering the bill and he would commit to take the rough draft of amendments to Legislative Legal Services and present that to the next committee of referral. He added that he would give a copy to the chair so the committee could look at whether or not the intent of the amendments came through. SENATOR REINBOLD said she has always supported the VPSO program but she did not want any unintended consequences related to the issue of sovereignty. CHAIR SHOWER restated that while he was comfortable with the bill, he was willing to slow down if that was the will of the committee. 5:17:12 PM SENATOR REIBOLD moved to report CSSB 82, work order 32-LS0362\I, from committee with individual recommendations and attached fiscal note(s) plus accompanying documents and recommended conceptual amendments to the next committee of referral and authorization for legislative legal to make needed technical and conforming changes. CHAIR SHOWER asked Senator Reinbold to restate the motion without the recommended conceptual amendments. 5:17:57 PM SENATOR REINBOLD moved to report CSSB 82, work order 32- LS0362\I, from committee with individual recommendations and attached fiscal note(s). CHAIR SHOWER found no objection and CSSB 81(CRA) was reported from the Senate State Affairs Standing Committee. 5:19:10 PM There being no further business to come before the committee, Chair Shower adjourned the Senate State Affairs Standing Committee meeting at 5:19 p.m.

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
SB0161A.PDF SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 161
SB 161 Research Graph 1.26.2022.pdf SEDC 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 161
SB 161 Research Parties on Presidential Ballots 1.26.2022.pdf SEDC 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 161
SB 161 Sectional Analysis version A 1.26.2022.pdf SEDC 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 161
SB 161 Signed Hearing Request 1.26.2022.pdf SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 161
SB 161 Sponsor Statement 1.26.2022.pdf SEDC 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SJUD 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 161
SB 161 Version A.PDF SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 161
SJR 20 Support Letter 2.17.22.pdf SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 20
SJR 20 Sponsor Statement 2.16.22.pdf SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 20
SJR 20 Support Doc NHCA Support of Hearing Protection Act 2.17.22.pdf SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 20
SJR 20 Support Doc Sound-Hearing Loss Handout.pdf SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 20
SJR 20 Support Doc Suppressor Handout.pdf SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SJR 20
SB115 Sponsor Statement 05.06.21.pdf SJUD 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 115
2021.06.05 SB 115 PSEA Letter of support.pdf SEDC 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 115
2022.2.15 SB 115 2022 - Letter of support AACOP.pdf SEDC 3/14/2022 1:30:00 PM
SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 115
fiscal note 22.pdf SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 66
SB 81 fiscal note 22 SB081CS-DPS-VPSO-02-16-22.pdf SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 81
SB 81 fiscal note 22 SB081CS-DPS-CJISP-02-16-22.pdf SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 81
SB 161 Response to State Affairs Questions 2-25-22.pdf SSTA 2/17/2022 3:30:00 PM
SB 161