Legislature(2011 - 2012)BELTZ 105 (TSBldg)

03/21/2011 01:30 PM JUDICIARY


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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+ SB 7 FELONS' RIGHT TO VOTE OR BE JURORS TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
+ SB 98 BIOMETRIC INFORMATION FOR ID TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
= SB 30 RETURN OF SEIZED PROPERTY
Moved CSSB 30(JUD) Out of Committee
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
              SENATE JUDICIARY STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                             
                         March 21, 2011                                                                                         
                           1:30 p.m.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Senator Hollis French, Chair                                                                                                    
Senator Bill Wielechowski, Vice Chair                                                                                           
Senator Joe Paskvan                                                                                                             
Senator Lesil McGuire                                                                                                           
Senator John Coghill                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
All members present                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                              
SENATE BILL NO. 30                                                                                                              
"An Act providing for the release of certain property in the                                                                    
custody of a law enforcement agency to the owner under certain                                                                  
conditions."                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED CSSB 30(JUD) OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
SENATE BILL NO. 98                                                                                                              
"An Act relating to biometric information."                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
SENATE BILL NO. 7                                                                                                               
"An Act relating to the civil rights of felons."                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
BILL: SB  30                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: RETURN OF SEIZED PROPERTY                                                                                          
SPONSOR(s): SENATOR(s) DYSON                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
01/19/11       (S)       PREFILE RELEASED 1/7/11                                                                                

01/19/11 (S) READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS

01/19/11 (S) STA, JUD 02/03/11 (S) STA AT 9:00 AM BUTROVICH 205 02/03/11 (S) Heard & Held 02/03/11 (S) MINUTE(STA) 02/17/11 (S) STA AT 9:00 AM BUTROVICH 205 02/17/11 (S) Moved CSSB 30(STA) Out of Committee 02/17/11 (S) MINUTE(STA) 02/21/11 (S) STA RPT CS 4DP 1NR NEW TITLE 02/21/11 (S) DP: KOOKESH, PASKVAN, MEYER, GIESSEL 02/21/11 (S) NR: WIELECHOWSKI 02/28/11 (S) JUD AT 1:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg) 02/28/11 (S) Heard & Held 02/28/11 (S) MINUTE(JUD) 03/18/11 (S) JUD AT 1:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg) 03/18/11 (S) Heard & Held 03/18/11 (S) MINUTE(JUD) BILL: SB 98 SHORT TITLE: BIOMETRIC INFORMATION FOR ID SPONSOR(s): SENATOR(s) WIELECHOWSKI 03/11/11 (S) READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS 03/11/11 (S) STA, JUD 03/15/11 (S) STA AT 9:00 AM BUTROVICH 205 03/15/11 (S) Heard & Held 03/15/11 (S) MINUTE(STA) 03/17/11 (S) STA AT 9:00 AM BUTROVICH 205 03/17/11 (S) Moved CSSB 98(STA) Out of Committee 03/17/11 (S) MINUTE(STA) 03/18/11 (S) STA RPT CS 4DP SAME TITLE 03/18/11 (S) DP: WIELECHOWSKI, GIESSEL, MEYER, PASKVAN 03/21/11 (S) JUD AT 1:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg) BILL: SB 7 SHORT TITLE: FELONS' RIGHT TO VOTE OR BE JURORS SPONSOR(s): SENATOR(s) DAVIS

01/19/11 (S) PREFILE RELEASED 1/7/11

01/19/11 (S) READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS

01/19/11 (S) STA, JUD 02/03/11 (S) STA AT 9:00 AM BUTROVICH 205 02/03/11 (S) Heard & Held 02/03/11 (S) MINUTE(STA) 03/08/11 (S) STA AT 9:00 AM BUTROVICH 205 03/08/11 (S) Moved SB 7 Out of Committee 03/08/11 (S) MINUTE(STA) 03/09/11 (S) STA RPT 1DNP 4NR 03/09/11 (S) DNP: GIESSEL 03/09/11 (S) NR: WIELECHOWSKI, KOOKESH, PASKVAN, MEYER 03/09/11 (S) FIN REFERRAL ADDED AFTER JUD 03/10/11 (S) STA AT 9:30 AM BUTROVICH 205 03/10/11 (S) <Bill Hearing Canceled/Moved Out 3/8/11> 03/10/11 (S) MINUTE(STA) 03/21/11 (S) JUD AT 1:30 PM BELTZ 105 (TSBldg) WITNESS REGISTER MICHAEL CAUFIELD, Staff to Senator Wielechowski Alaska State Legislature Juneau, AK POSITION STATEMENT: Provided information related to SB 98 on behalf of the sponsor. MICHAEL LESMEIER State Farm Insurance Juneau, AK POSITION STATEMENT: Expressed concern about what SB 98 would prevent. HORST POEPPERL, Chief Executive Officer Borealis Broadband Inc. Anchorage, AK POSITION STATEMENT: Testified in strong support for SB 98. TIMOTHY PEARSON, Executive Coach Pearson Consulting Anchorage, AK, POSITION STATEMENT: Stated support for SB 98. JASON GIAIMO, Co-chair Citizens for Privacy in Alaska and President Net Gain Business Consultants of Alaska Anchorage, AK POSITION STATEMENT: Testified in support of SB 98. TOM OBERMEYER, Staff to Senator Davis Alaska State Legislature Juneau, AK POSITION STATEMENT: Introduced SB 7 on behalf of the sponsor. ACTION NARRATIVE 1:30:58 PM CHAIR HOLLIS FRENCH called the Senate Judiciary Standing Committee meeting to order at 1:30 p.m. Senators Coghill, Paskvan, Wielechowski, and French were present at the call to order. SB 30-RETURN OF SEIZED PROPERTY CHAIR FRENCH announced the consideration of SB 30 and removed his objection to the adoption of the committee substitute (CS), which was pending from the previous hearing. Finding no further questions or amendments, he asked the will of the committee. 1:32:07 PM SENATOR WIELECHOWSKI moved to report CS for SB 30, version D, from committee with individual recommendations and attached indeterminate fiscal note. CHAIR FRENCH announced that without objection CSSB 30(JUD) moved from the Senate Judiciary Standing Committee. At ease from 1:32 p.m. to 1:33 p.m. SB 98-BIOMETRIC INFORMATION FOR ID 1:33:32 PM CHAIR FRENCH announced the consideration of SB 98 and noted that the committee was hearing the version that came from the State Affairs Committee. SENATOR WIELECHOWSKI said he introduced the bill last year but time ran out before it made it through both bodies. He decided to reintroduce the bill when concerns were again raised about how biometric information is collected and used. The bill basically does two things. First, AS 18.14.010 which is found on page 1, lines 5-9, says a person may not retain, analyze, disclose, or distribute someone's biometric information without first obtaining the informed consent of that individual. Second, the language on page 1, lines 10-15, says that an individual is not required to provide their biometric data for the purpose of identification if they provide either a passport or some other form of identification card. The Alaska Constitution has a very good privacy provision and this bill seeks to continue that protection now and in the future. Alaskans don't want private information about themselves like iris scans, hand geometry recognition, and retinal scans floating around and this bill seeks to provide that protection. He said his staff member would answer questions or walk through the bill. 1:36:19 PM MICHAEL CAUFIELD, Staff to Senator Wielechowski, introduced himself and offered to proceed at the chair's direction. CHAIR FRENCH asked if the bill interferes with the ability of the Department of Corrections (DOC), the Department of Public Safety (DPS), or the Department of Law (DOL), to fingerprint criminals and retain those fingerprints to analyze in a database. MR. CAUFIELD replied the bill provides exemptions for law enforcement purposes including identification of perpetrators, investigation of crimes, identification of missing or unidentified persons, or identification of human remains. Exemptions are also provided for the Department of Administration for presenting drivers licenses and any facial images as well as any biometric information when authorized by state or federal law. While the Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) hasn't endorsed the bill, it has no stated objection. 1:38:06 PM SENATOR COGHILL asked if the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) requirements are covered under the federal exemption. MR. CAUFIELD replied anything that's written in state or federal statute is exempted from this law. He added that the bill may be amended to expand the exemptions to address DOL's concern about having private rights of action brought against them. SENATOR COGHILL questioned how the revocation provision would mesh with the electronic signature laws that accommodate people who are physically unable to sign for themselves. MR. CAUFIELD replied the bill specifically states that a person can consent to have their fingerprints used for identification purposes. 1:40:41 PM SENATOR MCGUIRE joined the committee. CHAIR FRENCH asked if the bill would stop store owners from capturing images of their customers when on the premises. MR. CAUFIELD replied the bill still allows the use of security cameras to keep people from shoplifting and there's also an exemption for circumstances like grandma taking pictures at a family picnic. CHAIR FRENCH asked which aspect of the definition of biometric system allows store owners to continue to run closed video. MR. CAUFIELD directed attention to Sec.18.14.090(3)(D), "comparing the biometric data extracted under (B) of this paragraph with biometric data stored for the individual for use in future recognition of the individual;" and said that to run afoul of the statute the store owner would need to make a comparison with a past picture in order to monitor the person's whereabouts. He added that DOL has said that facial recognition is when you use a machine to identify the person. The packets contain a report from the Electronic Frontier Foundation indicating that facial recognition scans were used at the Tampa Bay Super Bowl just before 9/11. CHAIR FRENCH reviewed the report and asked if this bill would prohibit that sort of police or private security activity from taking place in the state of Alaska. MR. CAUFIELD answered yes. 1:44:10 PM MICHAEL LESMEIER, State Farm Insurance, expressed concern about what SB 98 would prevent. For example, a private building owner couldn't use biometric information for building security, computer security, and a variety of other ways that the information potentially can be used or could be used in the future. State Farm doesn't use this information in Alaska but a company that wanted to would need to have two separate security systems, one for the people who gave consent and the other for those who did not give consent. Our judgment is that's not good, he stated. Perhaps there are situations where this sort of information is being captured and misused, but State Farm isn't aware of any and wonders about the wisdom of taking this kind tool off the table. CHAIR FRENCH asked if State Farm gathers biometric information as part of its insurance work. MR. LESMEIER answered no, but he believes it's used for security purposes in one building at the home office in Illinois. CHAIR FRENCH expressed surprise that building security is a core concern of State Farm. MR. LESMEIER responded that building security is a legitimate concern of anybody in private or public business, both during and after hours. In particular, it's a concern for anyone who handles confidential information. We may have other concerns as we study the bill further, but we would urge caution when there doesn't appear to be an immediate need, he stated. 1:48:07 PM SENATOR PASKVAN referenced the exemption under Sec.18.14.060 (1) on page 2, line 18, and wondered if that exemption would satisfy State Farm's concerns to gather biometric data for internal law enforcement purposes. What the bill intends to stop is State Farm or any other company from extracting that data and using it to target their own customers or others. MR. LESMEIER said this bill would prevent companies from using this information to protect buildings, computers, medical information, and financial information and that's not a good idea. CHAIR FRENCH posed a hypothetical situation of an employer who requires his employees to consent to a thumbprint scan to password protect company computer files. He said he didn't know if that would run afoul of Sec.18.14.050 and create a private right of action, but he believes that collecting and using that information for a private business purpose is different than someone who collects and then uses the information from the public at large. He opined that collecting biometric information for the purpose of building security would be problematic because it affects people who are not employed by the owner of the building. MR. LESMEIER said his understanding of the bill is that a potential employee would have to consent to the thumb scan and it couldn't be a condition of employment because that would create a private cause for action. He added that he appreciates the committee's concern about secondary use of the information, but the bill goes way beyond that. 1:54:06 PM SENATOR WIELECHOWSKI said he reads the bill differently. The purpose of the bill is to protect an individual's privacy by limiting the secondary transmission and use of this personal information. He offered to work with the drafter to clarify that because biometric information does have certain values. CHAIR FRENCH referenced point three on the sponsor's fact sheet that indicates that the bill is aimed at organizations that collect and sell biometric data to third parties without consent. The fourth point states that biometric data is useful in fields like medicine and security and the bill doesn't aim to stop that use, but it has to be with consent. 1:56:25 PM HORST POEPPERL, Chief Executive Officer, Borealis Broadband Inc., Anchorage, AK stated strong support for SB 98 because people today face an onslaught of organizations determined to extract every piece of personal information possible. This situation is out of hand, and is becoming more and more dangerous for the average citizen. Companies buy and sell this data, and it can also be lost or stolen. The best defense is not giving up the information in the first place. The best protection is to not allow the data to be collected in the first place. The idea that a nation is more secure by collecting private information is Orwellian at best. In fact, we need to reverse the data mining that already exists, he stated. 2:00:51 PM TIMOTHY PEARSON, Executive Coach, Pearson Consulting, Anchorage, AK, stated support for SB 98. He pointed out that Section 1.22 of the Alaska State Constitution clearly recognizes the right of the people to privacy without infringement, and states that the Legislature shall implement this section. We need to look at what that means and how to apply it in a digital era but the reasons undergirding that constitutional right are unchanging and significant, he stated. This bill will help correct some of the current imbalance given the fact that the power of private sector databases has significantly altered the balance of power between the state and the individual. He suggested the committee review the book "Identity Crisis: How Identification is Overused and Misunderstood" by Jim Harper and an article entitled "Big Brothers Little Helpers: How Choicepoint and Other Commercial Data Brokers Collect, Process, and Package Your Data for Law Enforcement" by Chris Jay Hoofnagle. MR. PEARSON said he would also note that you can't always trust the people at the top of an organization regarding the security of personal data; that is where most security breaches occur. He cited information from a WikiLeaks document in which the head of TSA offered U.S. citizen fingerprint databases to the head of the Egyptian secret police in exchange for the Egyptian government sharing fingerprints of extremists that it had on file. Trusting that law enforcement agencies will handle such information securely has been breached such that the safeguards provided by Section 1.22 of the Alaska constitution deserve to be strengthened, he concluded. 2:08:12 PM JASON GIAIMO, Co-chair, Citizens for Privacy in Alaska, and President, Net Gain Business Consultants of Alaska, Anchorage, AK, said he doesn't believe that SB 98 would affect anybody who puts up a surveillance camera in their shop unless they also use facial recognition software. Actually, he said, the question boils down to whether Alaskans should be compelled to submit to fingerprinting that will be stored in a private database. He thinks the answer is no because it will get lost. The State of Alaska knows this. Data mining and biometrics collection is big business; it is estimated that industry revenues will exceed $7.5 billion in 2012 alone. Corporate revenues from fingerprints, iris, vein scanning and facial recognition and surveillance make up about 49 percent of that total. The Superintendent of the Los Angeles unified school district is considering mandatory fingerprinting of all low income school children or they will be denied subsidized lunches. A city in Arizona is trying to pass an ordinance requiring fingerprint ID to receive medicine at a local pharmacy. MR. GIAIMO said his involvement started in 2008 when he went to take the last two parts of the CPA exam in Anchorage. He was told that policy had changed and his fingerprints were required as proof of identification; a passport, driver's license, or birth certificate was no longer sufficient as ID to enter the exam room. He refused, which was very hard, but he felt it was important to retain his integrity. Because he is also a certified internal auditor, he was able to follow the money trail. He learned that a company called Prometric Corporation receives a fee for collecting the fingerprints, and they sell the data to an international data mining company called ChoicePoint. This company is owned by LexisNexis who received the largest fine in the history of the Federal Trade Commission for violating consumer privacy rights, federal laws, and for making false statements about their privacy policies. These companies are all about maximizing profits for shareholders and their goal is to profit from Alaskans' loss of privacy. View what they say in that context, he cautioned. 2:15:15 PM CHAIR FRENCH announced he would hold SB 98 in committee. SB 7-FELONS' RIGHT TO VOTE OR BE JURORS 2:15:31 PM CHAIR FRENCH announced the consideration of SB 7. 2:15:43 PM TOM OBERMEYER, Staff to Senator Davis, sponsor of SB 7, informed the committee that currently the right to vote remains suspended from the date of a felony conviction to the date of release from all provisions of the sentence, including probation and parole. Harsher sentencing laws have allowed the prison population to balloon, while rehabilitative programs have been reduced to near nonexistence. Section 1.12 of the Alaska Constitution requires that criminal administration shall be based upon the philosophy of reformation. He stated that in 2009 more than 10,000 Alaskans were ineligible to vote pursuant to this provision. In Alaska the prison population increased from 800 prisoners in 1984 to over 5,000 prisoners in 2008, an increase of over 600 percent. Of those incarcerated in Alaska, 48 percent were Caucasian and 52 percent were minorities. MR. OBERMEYER said that felons face discrimination as they try to reenter society. Restoring the right to vote is critical to successful reentry into society after incarceration and is consistent with the modern ideal of universal suffrage. He added that SB 7 would limit disenfranchisement to those actually incarcerated, and would give felons the right to vote upon release. Felon disenfranchisement standards rest on outdated practices, and former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Marshall said it is doubtful that any state could demonstrate a compelling interest in denying felons the right to vote. 2:24:15 PM SENATOR PASKVAN asked if he had followed up on the idea posed in the previous committee of returning voting rights only to those people who had successfully completed probation. MR. OBERMEYER responded that he would check on it, but it's not an issue he'd dealt with in the past. CHAIR FRENCH asked if he'd read or seen anything indicating that giving felons the right to vote upon release reduces recidivism. 2:26:19 PM MR. OBERMEYER answered yes; information in the packet from the 2004-2005 Columbia Human Rights Law Review indicates a bivariate relationship between voting and subsequent arrest and incarceration. The percentage of voters and non-voters in 1996 were compared to arrests and incarcerations in 1997-2000. The contrasts showed statistically significant differences between those who participated in the 1996 election and those who did not participate. Giving felons the right to vote will arguably help to stem recidivism, he stated. He noted that the bill picked up a finance committee referral after it was reported from the previous committee. The Department of Corrections (DOC) now indicates that this legislation will create a significant increase in workload, specifically in the Division of Probation and Parole. It is no longer seen as a simple issue of transferring data between divisions. 2:29:55 PM CHAIR FRENCH asked if someone who was charged with a probation violation could exercise the right to vote while in jail pending adjudication. MR. OBERMEYER said he sees no reason that that they should lose that privilege until they are convicted and reenter prison. CHAIR FRENCH pointed out that the presumption of innocence doesn't quite attach when it's a probation revocation. SENATOR COGHILL said it would be interesting to hear from DOC about the numbers of parole and probation violations because this could create quite a paper trail. 2:32:13 PM CHAIR FRENCH asked if the Department of Corrections (DOC) had taken a position on the bill. MR. OBERMEYER said he didn't know, but the fiscal note reflects the concern that there would be more work. CHAIR FRENCH noted that an audience member indicated that the department has taken no position on the bill. He announced he would hold SB 7. MR. OBERMEYER said this bill has been introduced several times before and in that time many states have made changes in voting arrangements for released prisoners. CHAIR FRENCH said he respects Senator Davis's persistence; she obviously feels strongly about the issue. 2:33:41 PM There being no further business to come before the committee, Chair French adjourned the meeting at 2:33 p.m.

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