Legislature(2021 - 2022)SENATE FINANCE 532

03/29/2021 09:00 AM FINANCE

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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+= SB 32 COLLEGE CREDIT FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSSB 32(FIN) Out of Committee
+= SB 36 U OF A REGENTS REPORTING REQUIREMENTS TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSSB 36(FIN) Out of Committee
+ SB 20 OUT OF STATE TEACHER RECIPROCITY TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Invited & Public Testimony --
-- <Time Limit May Be Set> --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
                 SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE                                                                                       
                      March 29, 2021                                                                                            
                         9:22 a.m.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
9:22:10 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CALL TO ORDER                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Bishop called the Senate Finance Committee meeting                                                                     
to order at 9:22 a.m.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Senator Click Bishop, Co-Chair                                                                                                  
Senator Bert Stedman, Co-Chair                                                                                                  
Senator Donny Olson (via teleconference)                                                                                        
Senator Natasha von Imhof (via teleconference)                                                                                  
Senator Bill Wielechowski                                                                                                       
Senator David Wilson                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Senator Lyman Hoffman                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
ALSO PRESENT                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
Erin Shine, Staff, Senator Click Bishop; Senator Gary                                                                           
Stevens, Sponsor; Tim Lamkin, Staff, Senator Gary Stevens.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
PRESENT VIA TELECONFERENCE                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Sondra   Meredith,   Teacher  Certification   Administrator,                                                                    
Department  of   Education  and  Early   Development;  Deena                                                                    
Bishop,  Superintendent, Anchorage  School District;  Tammie                                                                    
Perreault, Northwest  Regional Liaison, Military  and Family                                                                    
Policy, United States Department of Defense.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
SUMMARY                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
SB 20     OUT OF STATE TEACHER RECIPROCITY                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
          SB 20 was HEARD and HELD in committee for further                                                                     
          consideration.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
SB 32     COLLEGE CREDIT FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
          CSSB 32(FIN) was REPORTED out  of committee with a                                                                    
          "do pass"  recommendation and with  two previously                                                                    
          published zero  fiscal notes: FN  1(EED) and  FN 2                                                                    
          (UA).                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
SB 36     U OF A REGENTS REPORTING REQUIREMENTS                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
          CSSB 36(EDC) was REPORTED out of committee with a                                                                     
          "do pass" recommendation and with one new zero                                                                        
          fiscal note from the University.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
SENATE BILL NO. 32                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
     "An Act establishing the Alaska middle college program                                                                     
     for public school students; and relating to the powers                                                                     
     of the University of Alaska."                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
9:23:10 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Bishop relayed  that it was the  second hearing for                                                                    
SB  32, and  the  committee had  taken  public testimony  on                                                                    
March 22,  2021. He stated  the intent to adopt  a Committee                                                                    
Substitute  (CS),  consider   an  amendment,  review  fiscal                                                                    
notes, and look to the will of the committee.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Wielechowski  MOVED  to  ADOPT  proposed  committee                                                                    
substitute  for  SB  32,   Work  Draft  32-LS0307\B  (Klein,                                                                    
3/23/21).                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Bishop OBJECTED for discussion.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
9:23:58 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ERIN  SHINE,  STAFF,  SENATOR CLICK  BISHOP,  discussed  the                                                                    
proposed  CS.  She  read  from  an  Explanation  of  Changes                                                                    
Document:                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     Page 1, Line 2 Updates title for effective date                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
     Page   2,  Lines   20-23   Deletes  previous   proposed                                                                    
     14.30.780(b)  language and  inserts  language that  the                                                                    
     Alaska Middle  College Program shall be  made available                                                                    
     to each school district by  the University of Alaska if                                                                    
     a school district elects to participate.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     Page 4, Lines 20-21 Clarifies that the University of                                                                       
     Alaska shall enter into agreements for a school                                                                            
     district that elects to participate.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     Page 4, Line 26 Provides an effective date of July 1,                                                                      
     2022.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
Ms. Shine  conveyed that she  had contacted  the Legislative                                                                    
Legal Department after  the previous hearing on  the bill to                                                                    
get  clarification  regarding  some  public  testimony  that                                                                    
indicated  that  the  bill   required  school  districts  to                                                                    
participate in  the middle college program.  The legal staff                                                                    
indicated that  language in Version  A of the  bill iterated                                                                    
that  if a  student was  eligible and  interested, a  school                                                                    
district  would  be  required  to  try  and  enter  into  an                                                                    
agreement  with the  Alaska Middle  College. She  had spoken                                                                    
with the sponsor and the  sponsor's staff, who indicated the                                                                    
result was not  the intent of the version of  the bill under                                                                    
consideration.  The  CS  tried  to  remedy  the  matter  and                                                                    
ensured that the program was  required for the university to                                                                    
offer but did not require school districts to participate.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair  Bishop  WITHDREW  his OBJECTION.  There  being  NO                                                                    
further OBJECTION, it was so ordered.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
9:25:58 AM                                                                                                                    
AT EASE                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
9:26:37 AM                                                                                                                    
RECONVENED                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Stedman  MOVED to ADOPT Amendment  1, 32-LS0307\B.1                                                                    
(Klein, 3/27/21):                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     Page 3, line 1, following "district":                                                                                      
          Insert "that elects to participate in the                                                                             
          program"                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Bishop OJBECTED for discussion.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Ms.  Shine   explained  that  Amendment  1   made  one  more                                                                    
clarifying change to  the CS. After the CS  was drafted, the                                                                    
committee had realized that there  was one more section that                                                                    
would  require something  from  every  school district.  The                                                                    
change  conformed  to  other  sections  and  clarified  that                                                                    
school  districts that  were  participating  in the  program                                                                    
would   have  to   notify  students   and  parents   of  the                                                                    
opportunity if a student was eligible to participate.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Wielechowski  wanted legislative  understanding  of                                                                    
how  election  of  participation  occurred. He  asked  if  a                                                                    
school  board  would   need  to  pass  something   or  if  a                                                                    
superintendent could take some action.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
Ms.  Shine  was  unsure  of  how a  school  would  elect  to                                                                    
participate in  the program. She  thought there  was invited                                                                    
testimony that could address the question.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wielechowski  thought it  was important to  get more                                                                    
legislative understanding of the issue.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Bishop invited  the sponsor and his  staff to speak                                                                    
to the amendment.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
9:29:06 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
SENATOR  GARY  STEVENS, SPONSOR,  thought  it  was a  simple                                                                    
procedure  to  elect  to  participate  in  the  program.  He                                                                    
thought  there were  many ways  for a  district to  elect to                                                                    
participate, and  the decision would usually  involve action                                                                    
by the superintendent or school  board. He did not think the                                                                    
matter needed further definition.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair  Bishop  WITHDREW  his OBJECTION.  There  being  NO                                                                    
further  OBJECTION,  it  was so  ordered.  Amendment  1  was                                                                    
ADOPTED.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Senator Stevens  explained that the  intent of the  bill was                                                                    
to  help  students  throughout  the  state  to  get  college                                                                    
credits while in  high school. He cited an  equity issue and                                                                    
noted   that  many   larger   districts   already  had   the                                                                    
opportunity  while  many  smaller   districts  did  not.  He                                                                    
appreciated  the   amendment  changing  the   language  from                                                                    
"shall"  to "may."  He knew  the  University had  explicitly                                                                    
stated  that it  would  make the  program  available to  any                                                                    
district that wanted it.  Additionally, larger districts had                                                                    
gone  out  of  their  way to  ensure  that  extremely  small                                                                    
districts  could  access  the  program  through  the  larger                                                                    
district. He  thought the program  was a real  advantage for                                                                    
students.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wilson  discussed fiscal note 1  from the Department                                                                    
of Education  and Early Development, OMB  Component 2796. He                                                                    
specified that FY 22 showed  a zero cost, and out-year costs                                                                    
were all  zero. The  department stated  there was  no fiscal                                                                    
impact from the bill.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wilson discussed fiscal  note 2 from the University,                                                                    
OMB Component  730. He  specified that FY  22 showed  a zero                                                                    
cost, and  out-year costs  were all zero.  He read  from the                                                                    
analysis on page 2 of the fiscal note:                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     The university's  existing middle college  programs are                                                                    
     designed to be  cost neutral to UA in  that the tuition                                                                    
     provided   by  the   students   through  their   school                                                                    
     districts  is  sufficient  to  cover  the  university's                                                                    
     costs to run the program.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
9:32:45 AM                                                                                                                    
AT EASE                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
9:32:51 AM                                                                                                                    
RECONVENED                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair  Stedman  MOVED  to  report  CSSB  32(FIN)  out  of                                                                    
Committee  as amended  with  individual recommendations  and                                                                    
the accompanying fiscal notes.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
CSSB 32(FIN) was  REPORTED out of committee  as amended with                                                                    
a  "do   pass"  recommendation   and  with   two  previously                                                                    
published zero fiscal notes: FN 1(EED) and FN 2 (UA).                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
9:33:11 AM                                                                                                                    
AT EASE                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
9:34:23 AM                                                                                                                    
RECONVENED                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
SENATE BILL NO. 36                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
     "An Act relating to reporting requirements of the                                                                          
     Board of Regents of the University of Alaska."                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
9:34:23 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Bishop read the title  of the bill. He relayed that                                                                    
it was the  bill's second hearing, and  public testimony was                                                                    
taken on March 22, 2021.  The intent was to re-introduce the                                                                    
bill,  cover fiscal  notes,  and  look to  the  will of  the                                                                    
committee.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Gary  Stevens,  Sponsor,  spoke  to  the  bill.  He                                                                    
explained that  the bill came  about because of the  loss of                                                                    
accreditation by  the School of Education  at the University                                                                    
of Alaska Anchorage. The loss  had been a shock to everyone,                                                                    
particularly  to  the president  at  the  time, and  various                                                                    
chancellors who  had not known  that accreditation  had been                                                                    
in  jeopardy. The  purpose  of  the bill  was  to bring  the                                                                    
legislature  "into  the  loop"  so   it  had  some  idea  of                                                                    
accreditation status.  He estimated  that the  University of                                                                    
Alaska   dealt   over   200  accreditations   for   schools,                                                                    
departments,  and programs.  He  cautioned  that there  were                                                                    
those did  not support  the bill, and  he informed  that the                                                                    
Board of  Regents thought  the legislature  was overstepping                                                                    
its bounds. He thought it  was the state's responsibility to                                                                    
have someone that was paying  attention to accreditation. He                                                                    
mentioned   previous  testimony   by   the  University   and                                                                    
emphasized   the   importance  of   tracking   accreditation                                                                    
matters.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair   Bishop    appreciated   Senator    Wilson's   re-                                                                    
introduction of the bill.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wielechowski  discussed a  new fiscal note  from the                                                                    
University of Alaska,  OMB Component 730. There  was a zero-                                                                    
appropriation  request for  FY  22. There  were no  expected                                                                    
expenses incurred for the out years.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair  Stedman  MOVED  to  report  CSSB  36(EDC)  out  of                                                                    
Committee   with   individual    recommendations   and   the                                                                    
accompanying fiscal  note. There being NO  OBJECTION, it was                                                                    
so ordered.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
CSSB 36(EDC) was REPORTED out  of committee with a "do pass"                                                                    
recommendation and  with one new  zero fiscal note  from the                                                                    
University of Alaska.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
9:37:50 AM                                                                                                                    
AT EASE                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
9:39:09 AM                                                                                                                    
RECONVENED                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
SENATE BILL NO. 20                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
     "An  Act relating  to  recognition  of certificates  of                                                                    
     out-of-state teachers."                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
9:39:09 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Gary Stevens,  Sponsor, thanked  the committee  for                                                                    
hearing  SB 20.  He  reminded that  school  districts had  a                                                                    
difficult time  making sure there  were enough  teachers. He                                                                    
asserted  that  the  bill would  help  by  allowing  teacher                                                                    
reciprocity  to  occur.  He mentioned  the  high  number  of                                                                    
United  States Coast  Guard personnel  and spouses,  some of                                                                    
whom  were ready  to teach  after being  certified in  other                                                                    
places.  He   explained  that  school   districts  supported                                                                    
reciprocity, which would help  solve the teacher shortage in                                                                    
Alaska.  He  thought the  bill  supported  the state's  high                                                                    
teaching standards while addressing barriers to entry.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
9:40:42 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TIM LAMKIN, STAFF, SENATOR GARY  STEVENS, explained that the                                                                    
bill aligned  with regulatory  suspensions that  occurred by                                                                    
emergency order the previous year,  to assist districts with                                                                    
the teacher shortage.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
Mr. Lamkin discussed a Sectional Analysis (copy on file):                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     Sec.   1:  AS   14.20.010,  relating   to  a   teaching                                                                    
     certificate being required to  teach in Alaska, removes                                                                    
     the   reference   of    there   being   a   preliminary                                                                    
     certificate.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     Sec.  2:  AS  14.20.015(a),  relating  to  out-of-state                                                                    
     teaching  certificates,  removes   reference  to  there                                                                    
     being a preliminary certificate.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Sec.  3:  AS  14.20.015(b),  relating  to  out-of-state                                                                    
     teaching  certificates,   removes  a   requirement  for                                                                    
     passing  a  competency exam,  and  replaces  it with  a                                                                    
     requirement  to complete  a  college  course in  Alaska                                                                    
     studies and multi or  cross-cultural studies within two                                                                    
     years.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Sec.  4:  AS  14.20.015(c),  relating  to  out-of-state                                                                    
     teaching  certificates,  removes   reference  to  there                                                                    
     being a preliminary teaching certificate.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     Sec.  5:  AS  14.20.015(g)   is  added  to  direct  the                                                                    
     department  to establish  regulations  to expedite  the                                                                    
     out-of-state    teaching   certification    application                                                                    
     process for military spouses.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Sec 6:  AS 14.20.020(h),  relating to a  requirement to                                                                    
     complete a  college course in Alaska  studies and multi                                                                    
     or  cross-cultural studies,  to  allow an  out-of-state                                                                    
     teacher  to receive  their Alaska  certificate, but  to                                                                    
     complete those studies within 3 years.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Sec 7: AS 14.20.020(k),  relating to the requirement of                                                                    
     a  variety  of trainings  to  take  place before  being                                                                    
     issued an  Alaska teaching  certificate, to  allow out-                                                                    
     of-state certificate  holders 3 years to  complete such                                                                    
     trainings.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Sec. 8:  AS 14.20.015  (d), (e),  and (f),  relating to                                                                    
     preliminary  teaching  certificate  employment,  tenure                                                                    
     and expiration are repealed.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
9:43:28 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wilson  asked about  Section 3.  He asked  if Alaska                                                                    
teachers  would still  be required  to  take the  competency                                                                    
exam to be licensed.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
Mr. Lamkin  answered in  the affirmative.  In-state teachers                                                                    
were  required  to  take  all   the  assessments.  The  bill                                                                    
proposed that if  a teacher was in good  standing in another                                                                    
state and did  all that was required, the  teacher should be                                                                    
eligible to teach in Alaska.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wilson asked  if all other states  had similar exams                                                                    
as related to Alaska standards.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
Mr. Lamkin noted that the Praxis  exam and other tests set a                                                                    
high bar.  He expressed  that generally the  bill recognized                                                                    
that if  a teacher passed  the test  in one state,  it would                                                                    
transfer to Alaska.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Stevens  reminded  that  the  school  district  and                                                                    
hiring process would ensure that  any incoming teacher would                                                                    
have the necessary skills and experience.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wilson  asked if  the bill  would allow  teachers to                                                                    
graduate   from  a   school  in   Alaska,  gain   an  easier                                                                    
certification in  another state,  and then return  to Alaska                                                                    
to teach using the reciprocity proposed in the bill.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
Mr.  Lamkin  was  not  entirely sure  about  the  answer  to                                                                    
Senator  Wilson's  question  and deferred  the  question  to                                                                    
invited testimony. He assured  the committee that the intent                                                                    
of  the bill  was not  to allow  for teachers  to cheat  the                                                                    
system.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
9:47:16 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
SONDRA   MEREDITH,   TEACHER  CERTIFICATION   ADMINISTRATOR,                                                                    
DEPARTMENT   OF  EDUCATION   AND   EARLY  DEVELOPMENT   (via                                                                    
teleconference),   explained   that   part   of   university                                                                    
requirements  for  teachers  required the  exams  referenced                                                                    
earlier. She continued  that the state had  adopted a number                                                                    
of exams that  were offered outside the state,  and over the                                                                    
course of  time the exams  had been considered  and approved                                                                    
by  the Alaska  State Board  of Education  as comparable  to                                                                    
state competency standards.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
Senator   Wilson   discussed   the   difference   in   state                                                                    
requirements for  teacher education programs. He  noted that                                                                    
some states required a degree  in a subject area, but Alaska                                                                    
required   an  education   degree.  He   wondered  how   the                                                                    
difference  translated  to  competency  in  Alaska  teaching                                                                    
standards.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
Ms.  Meredith  explained  that  the  types  of  certificates                                                                    
brought to  the state  would be  examined to  ascertain that                                                                    
certificates being provided were  issued based on completion                                                                    
of a  state-approved program. She  assured that  there would                                                                    
be a check in place to  ensure an applicant had been through                                                                    
a state-approved program. The department  was a member of an                                                                    
organization  that  would   identify  individuals  that  had                                                                    
completed a state-approved program.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
9:50:59 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Wilson asked  about a  state that  had certificates                                                                    
issued  for life.  He asked  if individuals  would have  the                                                                    
certificate without the 5-year renewal requirement.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
Ms.  Meredith  informed that  the  certificate  issued as  a                                                                    
result of the legislation  was a professional 5-year license                                                                    
that would need to be renewed every 5 years.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wielechowski  was curious what was  needed to attain                                                                    
a teaching certificate in Alaska.  He asked about the policy                                                                    
rationale for teacher certificates.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
Ms.  Meredith explained  that the  reason  the state  issued                                                                    
teaching certifications  was to ensure that  individuals had                                                                    
not  violated ethical  standards. She  noted that  the state                                                                    
did  criminal background  checks. The  department considered                                                                    
teaching  applicants'   training  to  ensure   teachers  had                                                                    
content expertise and the ability  to present the content to                                                                    
help  students  learn.  The  department  looked  for  state-                                                                    
approved  programs to  ensure teachers  had the  pedagogical                                                                    
knowledge to help students learn.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
9:53:45 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Wielechowski  assumed  that to  obtain  a  teaching                                                                    
certificate  in  Alaska  currently, an  applicant  needed  a                                                                    
background check, an approved degree  program. He asked if a                                                                    
test was needed.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Ms. Meredith answered "yes."                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Wielechowski asked  if the  key distinction  of the                                                                    
bill was that applicants would not have to take the test.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
Ms. Meredith  estimated that  48 of  the states  had similar                                                                    
testing requirements  to Alaska  and had a  basic competency                                                                    
exam and a content exam.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Wielechowski  asked  if the  bill  considered  that                                                                    
applicants will have taken a similar test in another state.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
Ms. Meredith answered in the affirmative.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Bishop referenced  Section 7 and asked  how long it                                                                    
took an applicant to complete the four areas of training.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
Ms.  Meredith  stated  that  the   areas  of  training  were                                                                    
available as e-learning modules  through the department, and                                                                    
the modules took roughly two hours to complete.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair  Bishop asked  if the  areas of  training were  the                                                                    
last step before a certificate was issued.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Stevens explained  that the  bill gave  a qualified                                                                    
teacher  from  another  state  two  years  to  complete  the                                                                    
program.  He noted  that  it was  possible  to complete  the                                                                    
training through  a 3-credit  course through  the University                                                                    
of Alaska.  He did not  think the requirement  would prevent                                                                    
an applicant from getting a certificate.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Bishop asked if the  required training was required                                                                    
before an applicant could get a reciprocity certificate.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Ms. Meredith  understood that currently applicants  would be                                                                    
allowed up to two years to satisfy the requirements.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
9:57:34 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wielechowski noted that a  person born and raised in                                                                    
Alaska would be  required to complete training on  a list of                                                                    
subjects before  acquiring a teaching certificate  and asked                                                                    
if an out of state applicant would not.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
Senator Stevens reminded that there  was a teacher shortage,                                                                    
and  the bill  intended to  assist hiring  teachers in  good                                                                    
standing  in  other  states.  He   thought  the  bill  would                                                                    
primarily be used in his  district with military spouses. He                                                                    
qualified that the  bill was not to ease  standards. He knew                                                                    
that many  teachers opted to  take the full  3-credit course                                                                    
for the required training.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
Senator   Wilson  relayed   that  he   had  worked   in  the                                                                    
registrar's office at a university.  He mentioned the Alaska                                                                    
Staff Development Network and  thought the required training                                                                    
was not  difficult to attain.  He discussed  different types                                                                    
of teaching certification. He asked  if the bill would allow                                                                    
for  all  types of  certifications  to  be transferable  for                                                                    
reciprocity.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Mr. Lamkin clarified  that the bill only  applied to teacher                                                                    
certification. The bill only  changed that incoming teachers                                                                    
would  have two  years to  take the  required training.  The                                                                    
bill  would  help  expedite   teachers  that  were  military                                                                    
spouses with good standing as teachers in other states.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair  Stedman wondered  if the  bill sponsor  could help                                                                    
with  understanding the  estimated  demand  for the  changes                                                                    
proposed in  the bill. He  asked how many  incoming teachers                                                                    
would be using the reciprocity each year.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
Senator Stevens reminded that the  program was not mandatory                                                                    
and would only  be used if there was a  teacher shortage. He                                                                    
did not  think there would  be a large number  of applicants                                                                    
but wanted to defer the question to an invited testifier.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
10:01:52 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
DEENA  BISHOP,  SUPERINTENDENT,  ANCHORAGE  SCHOOL  DISTRICT                                                                    
(via teleconference),  estimated that  there would  be about                                                                    
60 to  100 teachers  seeking a reciprocity  certificate. She                                                                    
identified  that   there  had  been  member   questions  and                                                                    
concerns related to the rigor  of teacher education. She did                                                                    
not share  the concerns and  thought applicants from  out of                                                                    
state  had similar  educational standards.  She thought  the                                                                    
hiring   entity  would   be   looking   for  teachers   with                                                                    
experience. She thought testing was not of huge concern.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Ms. Bishop continued her remarks.  She highlighted that some                                                                    
teacher   programs  did   not   include  a   student-teacher                                                                    
experience.  The  bill  would  allow districts  to  look  at                                                                    
applicants' teaching  records. She noted that  the Anchorage                                                                    
School  District employed  many  military  spouses, and  the                                                                    
bill would add to the pool of qualified teacher applicants.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wilson asked if school  districts could do temporary                                                                    
licensure to  allow a qualified  person to complete  some of                                                                    
the training standards.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
Ms.  Bishop  thought  there  might  be  a  way  to  grant  a                                                                    
temporary certificate, but that  it was difficult. She noted                                                                    
that the request was not  coming from applicants, but rather                                                                    
from   school  districts   that   were  seeking   additional                                                                    
teachers, and the onus would  be on the to ensure compliance                                                                    
with educational standards.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wilson asked if districts  could currently request a                                                                    
temporary  certification   if  it  was  trying   to  hire  a                                                                    
qualified applicant.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
Ms. Bishop  did not have  an example of what  Senator Wilson                                                                    
described. She thought the scenario  had never happened. She                                                                    
thought more information was needed from the department.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
10:06:21 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
Senator  Wielechowski  asked  if   Ms.  Bishop  thought  the                                                                    
required  training  (related  to  drugs  and  alcohol,  teen                                                                    
dating  violence, disabilities,  sexual abuse,  and assault)                                                                    
was important for teachers to have.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
Ms.  Bishop  answered in  the  affirmative.  She added  that                                                                    
there were  a couple  of additional trainings  also required                                                                    
by school districts. She suggested  that additional time for                                                                    
on-boarding qualified  teachers would  be a good  thing. She                                                                    
thought districts  had an interest in  having highly skilled                                                                    
and  highly knowledgeable  teachers and  could speed  up the                                                                    
process.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair  Bishop  was  curious  where the  largest  gap  for                                                                    
teachers in the ASD.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
Ms. Bishop identified that  K-12 special education teachers,                                                                    
as well as the related  services such as speech pathologists                                                                    
were  the areas  in  which more  teachers  were needed.  She                                                                    
thought one of the other  largest deficits was in areas such                                                                    
as  science and  mathematics in  high school.  She mentioned                                                                    
renewed focus in early childhood  education and an increased                                                                    
need for teachers.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
Senator Wilson  mentioned the high  burnout rate for  out of                                                                    
state  teachers, particularly  those that  went to  teach in                                                                    
rural areas.  He asked  if the bill  could add  to increased                                                                    
costs  for districts  because of  hiring more  out of  state                                                                    
teachers.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
Senator Stevens  believed in-state teachers would  always be                                                                    
preferred. He  reiterated that hiring out  of state teachers                                                                    
would  be due  to a  teacher shortage.  He acknowledged  the                                                                    
high burnout  rate of teachers  that came to Alaska  and did                                                                    
not think the bill would change the matter.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
10:10:29 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
TAMMIE PERREAULT,  NORTHWEST REGIONAL LIAISON,  MILITARY AND                                                                    
FAMILY  POLICY, UNITED  STATES  DEPARTMENT  OF DEFENSE  (via                                                                    
teleconference), relayed  that her office worked  with state                                                                    
legislators to  address quality of life  issues for military                                                                    
families.   She  highlighted   information  that   had  been                                                                    
conveyed  in  previous  bill hearings,  such  as  that  many                                                                    
states provided  teacher reciprocity  at the  level proposed                                                                    
in  the bill.  She  noted  that there  were  16 states  with                                                                    
similar language pertaining to military spouses.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Ms. Perreault  cited that  a 2015  study found  that teacher                                                                    
reciprocity was  a benefit to  the teaching  profession. She                                                                    
expressed support for the policy  changes proposed in SB 20.                                                                    
She   noted   that   the   current   process   for   teacher                                                                    
certification in  another state  was lengthy.  She mentioned                                                                    
the expedited licensure for military  spouses as proposed in                                                                    
the  bill. She  noted  that the  Department  of Defense  had                                                                    
found that teaching was the  most prevalent occupation among                                                                    
licensed  military spouses.  She  cited that  34 percent  of                                                                    
military spouses  required an occupational license  in order                                                                    
to  work, and  teaching certification  was the  most common.                                                                    
She discussed statistics that  indicated a military spouse's                                                                    
ability to continue in a  career affected a service member's                                                                    
decision to  remain in  the military.  She thought  the bill                                                                    
was important for supporting military families.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
10:14:30 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Bishop OPENED public testimony.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
10:14:46 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Bishop CLOSED public testimony.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Senator Stevens  appreciated hearing from the  Department of                                                                    
Defense.  He acknowledged  that  many  members had  military                                                                    
installations  in   their  districts.  He   highlighted  the                                                                    
importance  of an  expedited teacher  certification timeline                                                                    
for military spouses as proposed in the bill.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
SB  20  was   HEARD  and  HELD  in   committee  for  further                                                                    
consideration.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
10:16:18 AM                                                                                                                   
RECESSED                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNED                                                                                                                       
10:16:18 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
This  meeting  automatically  ADJOURNED  when  the  1:00  PM                                                                    
scheduled meeting convened.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
SB 36 Follow Up Response from U of A 3.24.2021.pdf SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 36
SB 32 Explanation of Changes ver. A to B 3.23.2021.pdf SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 32
SB 32 Work Draft ver. B 3.23.2021.pdf SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 32
SB 32 Follow Up Response from U of A 3.23.2021.pdf SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 32
SB 20 TeacherCert_Reciprocity_Sectional_version i.pdf SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
SB 20 TeacherCert-Reciprocity_Hearing-Request_SFIN_22March2021.pdf SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
SB 20 TeacherCert_Reciprocity_Support Letters_TLindsey_18March2021.pdf SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
01_SB020_TeacherCert_Reciprocity_Sponsor-Statement.pdf SEDC 3/15/2021 9:00:00 AM
SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
SB020_TeacherCert_Reciprocity_Research_ECS_policy resources_19March2021.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
SB020_TeacherCert_Reciprocity_Presentation_ECS_19March2021.pdf SEDC 3/19/2021 9:00:00 AM
SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
04_SB020_TeacherCert_Reciprocity_Research_Dept.Defense_Military-Spouses.pdf SEDC 3/15/2021 9:00:00 AM
SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
SB 20 TeacherCert-Reciprocity_Summary-of-Changes_Version A to i.pdf SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 20
SB 32 Amendment 1 3.27.2021.pdf SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 32
SB 32 public testimony - free college credits to highschoolers.pdf SFIN 3/29/2021 9:00:00 AM
SB 32