Legislature(2017 - 2018)BUTROVICH 205

03/03/2017 08:00 AM EDUCATION

Note: the audio and video recordings are distinct records and are obtained from different sources. As such there may be key differences between the two. The audio recordings are captured by our records offices as the official record of the meeting and will have more accurate timestamps. Use the icons to switch between them.

Download Mp3. <- Right click and save file as

Audio Topic
08:00:26 AM Start
08:01:03 AM Presentation: Broadband Access in Alaska's School Districts
09:10:59 AM SB66
09:31:55 AM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+ Broadband Access in Alaska's School Districts TELECONFERENCED
-- Testimony <Invitation Only> --
Heard & Held
-- Testimony <Invitation Only> --
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
              SENATE EDUCATION STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                             
                         March 3, 2017                                                                                          
                           8:00 a.m.                                                                                            
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
Senator Shelley Hughes, Chair                                                                                                   
Senator John Coghill                                                                                                            
Senator Tom Begich                                                                                                              
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
Senator Cathy Giessel                                                                                                           
Senator Gary Stevens                                                                                                            
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
PRESENTATION: BROADBAND ACCESS IN ALASKA'S SCHOOL DISTRICTS                                                                     
     - HEARD                                                                                                                    
SENATE BILL NO. 66                                                                                                              
"An Act re-designating the Alaska State  Council on the Arts as a                                                               
public  corporation  and   governmental  instrumentality  of  the                                                               
state;  defining  the  powers  and duties  of  the  Alaska  State                                                               
Council on  the Arts; providing exemptions  from certain statutes                                                               
for  the Alaska  State  Council on  the  Arts; making  conforming                                                               
amendments; and providing for an effective date."                                                                               
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
BILL: SB 66                                                                                                                   
SHORT TITLE: ST. COUNCIL ON THE ARTS: PUBLIC CORP.                                                                              
SPONSOR(s): EDUCATION                                                                                                           
02/22/17       (S)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/22/17       (S)       EDC, FIN                                                                                               
03/03/17       (S)       EDC AT 8:00 AM BUTROVICH 205                                                                           
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
DR. BOB WHICKER, Executive Director                                                                                             
Consortium for Digital Learning                                                                                                 
Association of Alaska School Boards (AASB)                                                                                      
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT: Presented  information about broadband access                                                             
in Alaska's school districts.                                                                                                   
JOSHUA BANKS, Staff                                                                                                             
Senator Shelly Hughes                                                                                                           
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT: Presented the sectional  analysis of SB 66 on                                                             
behalf of the sponsor.                                                                                                          
BENJAMIN BROWN, Chair                                                                                                           
Alaska State Council on the Arts (ASCA)                                                                                         
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT: Presented information on SB 66.                                                                           
ALICE BIOFF, Member                                                                                                             
Alaska State Council on the Arts (ASCA)                                                                                         
Nome, Alaska                                                                                                                    
POSITION STATEMENT: Testified in support of SB 66.                                                                            
ANDREA NOBLE-PELANT, Executive Director                                                                                         
Alaska State Council on the Arts                                                                                                
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT: Testified in support of SB 66.                                                                            
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
8:00:26 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  SHELLEY  HUGHES  called   the  Senate  Education  Standing                                                             
Committee meeting  to order at 8:00  a.m. Present at the  call to                                                               
order were Senators Begich, Coghill, and Chair Hughes.                                                                          
^Presentation: Broadband Access in Alaska's School Districts                                                                    
  Presentation: Broadband Access in Alaska's School Districts                                                               
8:01:03 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES announced that the  first order of business would be                                                               
presentation on Broadband Access  in Alaska's School Districts by                                                               
Dr. Wicker.                                                                                                                     
DR.  BOB  WHICKER,  Executive Director,  Consortium  for  Digital                                                               
Learning, Association  of Alaska School Boards  (AASB), presented                                                               
information about broadband access  in Alaska's school districts.                                                               
He read from the following:                                                                                                     
     I've watched  testimony from many of  the entities that                                                                    
     have come before you. I  will try to bridge the message                                                                    
     they   have  been   delivering  and   bring  an   added                                                                    
     perspective from  our experience at the  Consortium for                                                                    
     Digital Learning. From  previous testimony, you've seen                                                                    
     that schools  are making progress toward  using digital                                                                    
     learning    and     providing    meaningful    relevant                                                                    
     career/college readiness skills  but face challenges in                                                                    
     bringing this type  of learning to all  students. It is                                                                    
     prudent to  keep the  overall goal  in mind.  Access to                                                                    
     the  appropriate technology  for  desired teaching  and                                                                    
     learning  outcomes is  what  is transformational  about                                                                    
     this  discussion.  The  ubiquitous  access  to  digital                                                                    
     learning  and appropriate  teaching tools  that promote                                                                    
     the types  of educational experiences we  desire is the                                                                    
     thing  that  makes the  difference.  The  power of  the                                                                    
     technology  tools  we   use  provides  the  nimbleness,                                                                    
     effectiveness,   and    increased   opportunities   and                                                                    
     potential  for   academic  achievement  that   are  not                                                                    
     available  without it.  Improved  broadband and  higher                                                                    
     technology  adoption  in  our  schools  adds  tools  to                                                                    
     achieve these things.                                                                                                      
8:04:14 AM                                                                                                                    
     In  previous testimony  I outlined  how the  Consortium                                                                    
     for Digital  Learning has been  an active  advocate for                                                                    
     the advancement  of digital  learning for  all students                                                                    
     in K12  since 2005. Through  the support of  the Alaska                                                                    
     Legislature,  we've   assisted  over  140   schools  in                                                                    
     implementing  1 to  1 laptop  and  tablet programs  and                                                                    
     districts  have continued  or expanded  those programs.                                                                    
     We  have  continued  to  advance  digital  learning  in                                                                    
     Alaska  by creating  examples of  collaboration between                                                                    
     districts,  working  with  vendors  to  develop  unique                                                                    
     solutions   to    our   challenges,    and   conducting                                                                    
     demonstration  projects   and  programs   resulting  in                                                                    
     higher  learning and  systemic changes.  These projects                                                                    
     were   great  learning   environments  that   laid  the                                                                    
     groundwork  for where  digital learning  has progressed                                                                    
     today in our State.                                                                                                        
8:05:29 AM                                                                                                                    
     It   is  important   to   note   that  our   successful                                                                    
     implementations   of   digital  learning   advance   by                                                                    
     controlling  variables  that   can  be  controlled  and                                                                    
     working around  those that aren't.  Let me  repeat that                                                                    
     again…  "Successful  implementations control  variables                                                                    
     that  can  be controlled  and  work  around those  that                                                                    
     can't."  Sometimes  this  means  learning  to  use  the                                                                    
     broadband you  have to amplify and  accelerate learning                                                                    
     with the  technology that  is available.  Improving and                                                                    
     sustaining  our  broadband   services  will  no  doubt,                                                                    
     greatly improve opportunities for  our students, and is                                                                    
     worth  pursuing.  Yet,  while broadband  is  a  crucial                                                                    
     aspect  to digital  learning, improved  broadband alone                                                                    
     does  not  guarantee  an improved  educational  outcome                                                                    
     without addressing  other aspects of  digital learning.                                                                    
     Commitment, innovation,  and wise use of  resources and                                                                    
     district  strengths have  much  to  do with  successful                                                                    
8:06:24 AM                                                                                                                    
     The topics  I will address  today include 1)  the types                                                                    
     of  learning  broadband  and   the  use  of  technology                                                                    
     avails, 2) the level of  broadband and technology for a                                                                    
     blended  learning educational  model in  our state,  3)                                                                    
     other  challenges  and  possible solutions,  and  4)  a                                                                    
     foundation of a plan for moving forward.                                                                                   
8:06:55 AM                                                                                                                    
     The  first   graphic  titled   "Use  of   Bandwidth  in                                                                    
     Instruction" highlights four examples  of what types of                                                                  
     learning  that are  broadband  enables. These  examples                                                                    
     are  promising  innovations   to  Alaska's  educational                                                                    
     model  that  modernize  our instruction  for  increased                                                                    
     efficiencies  and expansion  of offerings,  to say  the                                                                    
     At the  top of the  graphic is the  published broadband                                                                    
     recommendation  for schools  for  2018  from the  State                                                                    
     Education   Technology    Directors   Association   and                                                                    
     President Obama's  ConnectEd Initiative. The  figure of                                                                    
     1Gbps per  1000 students equals  1 mbps per  student or                                                                    
     1000 kbps.  That figure is  presently beyond  the great                                                                    
     majority of  Alaskan school  districts and  schools and                                                                    
     far beyond those in rural Alaska.                                                                                          
8:08:44 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER noted the upper left corner of the graphic gives an                                                                 
example of online learning.                                                                                                     
8:08:56 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES said that the document is available online under                                                                   
8:09:22 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER continued:                                                                                                          
     Our definition of this is  the delivery of core courses                                                                    
     or  content online.  You have  heard  from the  Digital                                                                    
     Teaching  Initiative  districts and  Ketchikan  Digital                                                                    
     Academy  is one  highlighted here.  Their main  vendors                                                                    
     are  Canvas and  Edgenuity,  whose learning  management                                                                    
     software platforms  are widely  used across  the state.                                                                    
     Ketchikan serves  14 partner schools  across districts.                                                                    
     While offering  courses through their  Digital Teaching                                                                    
     Initiative  grant, they  have  built a  model around  a                                                                    
     $250 per course cost to participants.                                                                                      
8:10:06 AM                                                                                                                    
     Vendor  bandwidth recommendations  are 384  - 512  kbps                                                                    
     per concurrent  user. Other online course  providers in                                                                    
     other  schools specify  up to  1.5 mg  per student  for                                                                    
     their services.  For areas with low  bandwidth, a media                                                                    
     appliance (server) helps provide  content that does not                                                                    
     need to be live.                                                                                                           
8:10:30 AM                                                                                                                    
     Important lessons learned here:                                                                                            
     1. An  on-site adult to supervise  learning is crucial,                                                                    
     success  of coursework  is  greatly  dependent on  that                                                                    
     2. A central  provider enables success and  ease of use                                                                    
     by  consolidating efforts,  streamlining administration                                                                    
     and providing needed expertise to the end-user site.                                                                       
     The  upper right  of  your  handout highlights  virtual                                                                    
     telepresence and teleconference.  The definition we use                                                                    
     for  this is  "the delivery  of instructional  content,                                                                    
     professional  development  and  special  services  from                                                                    
     inside or  outside the district through  video". Kodiak                                                                    
     Island School  District is  highlighted as  an example.                                                                    
     Classes  are  taught  from  Kodiak  to  their  villages                                                                    
     through  video  conference  including  welding,  music,                                                                    
     fine art  courses, and even  coaching of  sports teams.                                                                    
     They also use of  video conferencing robots for teacher                                                                    
     professional  development by  instructors in  the lower                                                                    
     48.  Broadband connections  serve village  schools over                                                                    
     satellite and  there is a fiber  terrestrial connection                                                                    
     in Kodiak proper.                                                                                                          
     You  have  heard   from  other  enterprising  districts                                                                    
     delivering  content  inside  and outside  the  district                                                                    
     from video conferencing  studios. Outside technical and                                                                    
     special services, as  well as professional development,                                                                    
     are also  being delivered  through mobile  robots using                                                                    
8:12:28 AM                                                                                                                    
     Bandwidth  recommendations from  vendors for  this type                                                                    
     of video  conferencing in static implementations  is up                                                                    
     to  a  dedicated  2  mg  up  and  down.  Districts  are                                                                    
     successful  using  less bandwidth  employing  expensive                                                                    
     equipment and skilled technical expertise.                                                                                 
     For   Double  Robots   -  2   mg  per   robot  is   the                                                                    
     recommendation,  also running  on  less  in our  school                                                                    
8:12:56 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES asked for more information about mobile robots.                                                                    
8:13:07 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER explained that they  have been working with a company                                                               
called Double Robot  on Segway-type robots. The  robots use iPads                                                               
and engage  with students to deliver  instruction and remediation                                                               
CHAIR  HUGHES asked  if  a teacher  offsite could  roll  up to  a                                                               
student's desk.                                                                                                                 
8:14:44 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER  said yes. The ability  to be mobile removes  some of                                                               
the issues of  access to students by moving  around the classroom                                                               
to help students and to coach and mentor teachers.                                                                              
CHAIR  HUGHES said  it opens  a whole  new aspect.  She asked  if                                                               
Kodiak is using teacher-controlled robots to work with students.                                                                
DR.  WHICKER  said  yes,  but  they are  used  mostly  for  staff                                                               
development.  They  do  have a  robot  basketball  coach.  Robots                                                               
provide an example of what could be possible.                                                                                   
8:17:03 AM                                                                                                                    
He continued:                                                                                                                   
     The lower  left of your handout  highlights High Access                                                                    
     Learning  Environments. In  this environment,  teachers                                                                    
     and  students use  technology  to  amplify learning  by                                                                    
     researching,  creating  content and  digital  products,                                                                    
     and communicating  through email,  video, and  audio. A                                                                    
     dedicated  digital device  per  student is  recommended                                                                    
     for  maximum  impact  and are  used  at  various  times                                                                    
     during the day as  appropriate. Teachers moving through                                                                    
     levels  of  technology  adoption are  central  to  this                                                                    
     blended learning  approach. Over 140 schools  have some                                                                    
     sort of 1 to 1 program  serving some students and a few                                                                    
     school  districts that  have all  students with  a per-                                                                    
     user device to student ratio.                                                                                              
8:18:08 AM                                                                                                                    
     Bandwidth  recommendations:  500  kbps  per  concurrent                                                                    
     user  to allow  for  basic  productivity and  WAN/cloud                                                                    
     access. Many  schools with 1  to 1 have  less bandwidth                                                                    
     per student  and use shaping  and network  filtering to                                                                    
     still meet  instructional goals.  The use  of extensive                                                                    
     streaming video requires more bandwidth.                                                                                   
8:19:10 AM                                                                                                                    
     Lessons learned here are:                                                                                                  
     • Professional  development is  critical, borne  out in                                                                    
     our  doctoral  studies.  There is  a  high  correlation                                                                    
     between  how much  teachers use  the technology  to the                                                                    
     amount of district PD is offered over time.                                                                                
     •   The  high   access   learning   environment  is   a                                                                    
     fundamental   change  needing   leadership  commitment,                                                                    
     sustainable funding commitment,  many layers of project                                                                    
     support,  focused   curricular  goals,   and  community                                                                    
8:19:34 AM                                                                                                                    
     The  lower  right of  your  handout  is an  example  of                                                                    
     Collaborative  Learning  -  Our example  is  the  World                                                                  
     Bridge  Project between  Copper River  School District,                                                                    
     Kodiak   Island  Borough   School  District,   Trillium                                                                    
     Learning, and NASA.  Kodiak has sent two  teams of high                                                                    
     school  students   in  this   project  to   the  Europa                                                                    
     Challenge  in  Italy,  a  very  high-level  competition                                                                    
     between businesses and universities,  and they have won                                                                    
     both times.                                                                                                                
     The project  between the  Copper River  School District                                                                    
     and Kodiak  had teams work across  districts to design,                                                                    
     build,  and  launch  pre-earthquake sensors  into  high                                                                    
     altitude as  an experiment in gathering  sensitive data                                                                    
     for  the project.  Copper River  students designed  the                                                                    
     rocket and  Kodiak used  computer imaging,  3D printing                                                                    
     and  sensor modification  to  design  the payload.  The                                                                    
     launch was more than  successful. Students and teachers                                                                    
     used  teleconferencing,  video   conferencing,  and  an                                                                    
     online  platform called  Basecamp, used  for creativity                                                                    
     and the  sharing and  tracking learning  activities and                                                                    
8:21:25 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  HUGHES referred  to the  handout  on use  of bandwidth  in                                                               
instruction and asked if the  bandwidth requirement for robots in                                                               
the  Kodiak  School  District  is  2 Mbps  per  video  unit.  She                                                               
requested more  information on whether  it was a  per-class, per-                                                               
video unit.                                                                                                                     
DR. WHICKER replied  2 Mbps is what is recommended  by the vendor                                                               
per robot,  however, Kodiak  is using  less bandwidth  per robot.                                                               
The 2  Mbps per video  unit is what  is recommended for  a static                                                               
VTC classroom. Some classrooms use  less depending on the quality                                                               
of  the picture  they want.  Some  vendors recommend  4 Mbps  per                                                               
class, but the consortium recommends 2 Mbps.                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES provided an example  of a 30-student classroom where                                                               
each  student is  watching  something on  their  own laptop.  She                                                               
asked if 60 Mbps would be needed.                                                                                               
DR. WHICKER  clarified that  the 2 Mbps  requirement refers  to a                                                               
classroom  with one  camera with  a  couple of  screens. In  high                                                               
access learning environments, the  recommendation is for 500 Kbps                                                               
per user  of Wifi access per  classroom. He did not  recommend it                                                               
as a strategy.                                                                                                                  
8:24:34 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER continued:                                                                                                          
     In  our  experience,  if we're  going  to  establish  a                                                                    
     distance delivery  or blended learning  model utilizing                                                                    
     online learning,  then we need  to establish  the kinds                                                                    
     of learning activities we desire  for our children, and                                                                    
     then get  to that  bandwidth requirement. With  that in                                                                    
     mind,   the  graphic   titled  "School   Broadband  Use                                                                    
     Scenarios in Alaska" show what  levels of broadband are                                                                  
     needed at  the school level  when there are  numbers of                                                                    
     students using  different learning modalities.  In this                                                                    
     graphic, the broadband speeds  needed for various types                                                                    
     of   learning   and   administrative   activities   are                                                                    
     indicated in  the top charts.  The amount  of bandwidth                                                                    
     needed is dependent  on what is going on  in the school                                                                    
     and how many  students are involved in  the activity at                                                                    
     the same time.                                                                                                             
     The amount  of bandwidth needed for  different learning                                                                    
     activities are based on  vendor recommendations and our                                                                    
     experience.  The  scenario   of  a  200-student  school                                                                    
     follows with three examples of  the numbers of students                                                                    
     involved  in a  particular activity  and the  bandwidth                                                                    
     required  for  them  (low, average,  and  high  usage).                                                                    
     Let's take  a look  at Scenario  1 for  our 200-student                                                                    
     school.  This  scenario has  140  of  the 200  students                                                                    
     engaged  in  learning   activities  not  requiring  any                                                                    
     bandwidth. It  also has 40 students  engaged in general                                                                    
     digital   learning  doing   different  tasks,   and  10                                                                    
     students engaged  in online  learning classes  on their                                                                    
     personal device  and 10  more in  a VTC  classroom. The                                                                    
     second  example  on  page  2  is  of  a  school  of  40                                                                    
8:29:04 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER opined that the  middle ground, the average usage, is                                                               
a  good example  of a  digital school.  High usage  would require                                                               
dramatic restructure of  a school. Scenario 3 shows  only 20 kids                                                               
offline and is not typical of usage.                                                                                            
8:29:52 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES thought of small  rural schools where great teachers                                                               
might need to be beamed in.                                                                                                     
8:30:24 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER moved to the second  scenario on page 2. He described                                                               
the  bandwidth  use of  a  small-size  40-student school.  Twenty                                                               
students were offline,  ten were doing general  internet use, six                                                               
were taking  online courses,  and four  were in  a VTC  class. He                                                               
suggested that the  recommendation for that scenario  is close to                                                               
10 Mbps.  If there is  an increased use of  videoconferencing, it                                                               
is considered a high use scenario,  but it is still under 20 Mbps                                                               
and right at 500 Kbps per second, per student recommendation.                                                                   
CHAIR HUGHES pointed out that  half of Alaska districts are still                                                               
below 100 Kbps per student.                                                                                                     
DR. WHICKER said the handouts  refer to 2014 bandwidth before the                                                               
grants  were approved  or implemented.  He opined  that most  all                                                               
schools are around 10 Mbps now - 150 Kbps to 200 Kbps.                                                                          
8:33:59 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES  requested a list  of all school  district bandwidth                                                               
to date.                                                                                                                        
DR.  WHICKER  said 2014  is  the  best  data  they have.  It  was                                                               
collected for a grant and needs to be redone.                                                                                   
8:35:04 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES asked how much the grant cost.                                                                                     
DR. WHICKER said it was from  the Broadband Pass Grant and it was                                                               
about $100,000 by  Connect Alaska. It was  very ambitious. People                                                               
from AASB personally  visited 38 districts to  verify the ability                                                               
and use of broadband.                                                                                                           
CHAIR HUGHES  requested he find  out how  much a new  grant would                                                               
DR.  WHICKER agreed  to do  so. He  thought it  wouldn't cost  as                                                               
8:36:58 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER continued:                                                                                                          
     I'd  like  to move  to  what  is  as important  as  the                                                                    
     availability    of   broadband.    Effective   distance                                                                    
     education  should include  a comprehensive  approach to                                                                    
     overcoming  barriers, both  technical  and human.  They                                                                    
     Having the  necessary equipment. Much can  be done with                                                                    
     the  level of  equipment we  have now  in our  schools.                                                                    
     Almost all  our rural schools have  equipment, however,                                                                    
     there   are  widespread   issues   with  having   older                                                                    
     equipment  not   being  refreshed  and   systems  being                                                                    
     outdated  throughout our  state.  The  majority of  our                                                                    
     students  do  not  have access  to  a  personal  device                                                                    
     provided  by   the  school.   That  said,   many  rural                                                                    
     districts  and larger  districts  are  working hard  to                                                                    
     include  distance  delivery  of education  and  greater                                                                    
     digital learning  as a main  model of course  and class                                                                    
8:37:57 AM                                                                                                                    
     Reliance on E-Rate -  E-rate reimbursements are crucial                                                                    
     to Alaska education and provide  the basis for Internet                                                                    
     Service  Providers   to  consider  schools   as  anchor                                                                    
     tenants. When  hiccups occur  with E-  rate (especially                                                                    
     in  rural  Alaska),  it  can  knock  the  wind  out  of                                                                    
     districts. Even  with E-rate subsidies,  districts tend                                                                    
     to  buy the  level of  bandwidth they  can afford,  not                                                                    
     necessarily all they need.                                                                                                 
     Data  -   We  currently  do  not   have  good  publicly                                                                    
     available  statewide  data   on  broadband  speeds  and                                                                    
     costs. Updating  this data  annually and  doing further                                                                    
     research on school usage of  broadband would be prudent                                                                    
     in efforts  to improve education through  broadband and                                                                    
     use  of technology.  We've  done this  in  2014 and  it                                                                    
     needs to be done again.                                                                                                    
     Human  issues -  We've learned  through our  experience                                                                    
     that  implementation without  adequate support  systems                                                                    
     present  many challenges.  A number  of issues,  mostly                                                                    
     human  ones,  ALL  must be  addressed  to  improve  the                                                                    
     opportunity for success.                                                                                                   
8:39:23 AM                                                                                                                    
     Those  issues include  teacher using  distance delivery                                                                    
     and  video   conferencing  must  know  how   to  engage                                                                    
     students who  learn with different styles  of learning.                                                                    
     What works  for one  student may not  work for  all. We                                                                    
     know that  a straight  lecture from  a talking  head is                                                                    
     not an engaging methodology for many students.                                                                             
     Connection, relationship, and  work on engaging content                                                                    
     and activities  are possible. In  my work life,  I have                                                                    
     come  to know  people through  phone, video,  and email                                                                    
     communication and  we have formed  lasting friendships.                                                                    
     When  working  with  children in  a  distance  delivery                                                                    
     model, having  a caring  adult physically  present with                                                                    
     rapport to  both the child and  distance teacher builds                                                                    
     a strong educational model.                                                                                                
8:40:12 AM                                                                                                                    
     The  lack  of   ongoing  professional  development  and                                                                    
     adequate  pre-service  programs   is  significant  when                                                                    
     teacher's  roles   are  changing.  Many   teachers  get                                                                    
     rudimentary professional development  regarding the use                                                                    
     of applications but seldom  get more. Sometimes, cheat-                                                                    
     sheets   or   instructional   tutorials   which   could                                                                    
     alleviate issues are absent or  lacking. As demands for                                                                    
     professional  development  time of  mandated  trainings                                                                    
     and  information  grow,   important  learnings  of  the                                                                    
     changes   needed   in    classroom   management   using                                                                    
     technology,    workflows   made    possible,   learning                                                                    
     structure,   and   assessment  strategies   are   often                                                                    
     neglected.  A   commitment  and  prioritization   of  a                                                                    
     blended  professional  development  model  is  what  is                                                                    
8:41:14 AM                                                                                                                    
     The disconnect between  technology departments and what                                                                    
     is  actually  happening  in the  classroom  can  be  an                                                                    
     issue.  It  is  a  balancing act  between  network  and                                                                    
     equipment management by  the technology departments and                                                                    
     how  and when  technology  gets used  by the  classroom                                                                    
     teacher. If  viewed as  a main  instructional strategy,                                                                    
     technology just  has to work. We've  seen how technical                                                                    
     difficulties  bring a  system to  its knees  or greatly                                                                    
     diminish  learning opportunities.  The fortunate  thing                                                                    
     is that it  WILL just work, if  properly configured and                                                                    
     maintained.  Even when  the technology  department gets                                                                    
     things  working, many  times  they focus  on just  that                                                                    
     rather  than  being focused  on  how  it works  in  the                                                                    
     A  lock-down mentality  of permissions,  passwords, and                                                                    
     teacher's not  having a level of  administrative access                                                                    
     to  equipment  are  major  barriers  to  effective  and                                                                    
     efficient use of  technology. It is not  uncommon to go                                                                    
     into a school and see  equipment not being used because                                                                    
     overcoming  these issues  takes  too  much effort  from                                                                    
     teachers  and  they resort  to  ways  that are  easier.                                                                    
     Response times  to technology challenges  (most fixable                                                                    
     software  or  network issues)  have  to  be timely  and                                                                    
     efficient in order for teachers to use the technology.                                                                     
8:42:50 AM                                                                                                                    
     Many districts  recognize this issue and  are including                                                                    
     the  technology department  in curricular  and planning                                                                    
     discussions. A  new model  of distributed  roles within                                                                    
     public and private partners is also taking hold.                                                                           
8:43:12 AM                                                                                                                    
     Lastly,  barriers  exist  when addressing  issues  with                                                                    
     changing  an  instructional   model  and  collaborating                                                                    
     across schools and districts. We  are lucky to have our                                                                    
     Digital   Teaching   Initiative  districts   that   are                                                                    
     familiar  in addressing  many  of  these things.  These                                                                    
     1.  Logistical   changes  -  having   common  schedules                                                                    
     (daily, vacations, calendars)                                                                                              
     2. Ways of accepting and granting credit                                                                                   
     3.  Administrative and  technical staffing  levels that                                                                    
     are needed, changing job descriptions                                                                                      
     4. Policy alignment with practice                                                                                          
8:44:39 AM                                                                                                                    
     So what can  we do? Schools are working  to provide the                                                                    
     best   education  possible   for  their   children.  We                                                                    
     appreciate  your support  of these  ideas to  develop a                                                                    
     sustained model  of education  that moves  our students                                                                    
     forward  into  the  world  they   will  live  in.  With                                                                    
     assistance and the right  tools, schools can accelerate                                                                    
     the rate  of modernization of instructional  models. We                                                                    
     have  much of  what  we  need to  make  this happen.  A                                                                    
     statewide system  of support could  provide opportunity                                                                    
     for  voluntary  participation,  and local  control  and                                                                    
     input that  best addresses the children  of a community                                                                    
     and the community aspirations for its children.                                                                            
8:45:41 AM                                                                                                                    
     While there are  several ways to move  forward, I would                                                                    
     like  to   paint  a  vision   of  one  such   way.  The                                                                    
     development of an Innovative  School Network of leading                                                                    
     school  districts  would  help  move us  forward  as  a                                                                    
     state.  The  foundational  pieces  for  this  statewide                                                                    
     approach are  in place and  the basis for  this network                                                                    
     is  already established  through  the Digital  Teaching                                                                    
     Initiative  districts  and   others,  most  which  have                                                                    
     testified before  you. The Digital  Teaching Initiative                                                                    
     experience   has   led   to   development   of   common                                                                    
     recommendations  and strategies.  Their efforts  have a                                                                    
     level  of  scalability  that   could  impact  the  vast                                                                    
     majority  of  our students  in  the  very near  future.                                                                    
     Combining their knowledge with  the knowledge gained by                                                                    
     the   Consortium  for   Digital   Learning  and   other                                                                    
     innovative   districts   and  organizations   as   that                                                                    
     directly supports  the transition  through consolidated                                                                    
     purchasing,    professional   development,    technical                                                                    
     services,  liaison to  stakeholders and  providers, and                                                                    
     common  consistent approaches  to solving  issues could                                                                    
     form a basis of educational transformation.                                                                                
8:47:02 AM                                                                                                                    
     Through  this  network,  systems to  promote,  develop,                                                                    
     incentivize, and  administer the  use of  technology in                                                                    
     high quality,  inspirational and effective ways  can be                                                                    
     developed. That includes:                                                                                                  
     A  well trained,  well prepared  teacher and  "Learning                                                                    
     High access to technology.                                                                                                 
     Central    source    of   administrative,    technical,                                                                    
     curricular,  and  implementation supports  centered  on                                                                    
     the learner.                                                                                                               
     A high  quality distance  and blended  learning program                                                                    
     that  is  collaborative, administered,  delivered,  and                                                                    
     received at distance.                                                                                                      
     Central  organized system  of  learning management  and                                                                    
     VTC   capabilities  to   access  vetted   high  quality                                                                    
     content, organize resources and assess outcome.                                                                            
     High  quality professional  development delivered  in a                                                                    
     tiered blended learning model.                                                                                             
8:48:12 AM                                                                                                                    
     We  know  that  there are  potential  significant  cost                                                                    
     savings  over  time with  changes  of  the delivery  of                                                                    
     professional development,  curriculum and instructional                                                                    
     materials, and hardware purchasing.  Our basis for this                                                                    
     determination   has  come   from   our  experience   of                                                                    
     initiating  high  access   learning  environments  that                                                                    
     maximize  the  use  of broadband  and  that  have  been                                                                    
     sustainable over time.                                                                                                     
8:49:01 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER concluded:                                                                                                          
     For  the  past  12  years, the  Association  of  Alaska                                                                    
     School  Boards  has   made  significant  commitment  by                                                                    
     hiring staff  and garnering funds to  expressly to move                                                                    
     our  member districts  forward  with digital  learning,                                                                    
     modernization,  and  innovation.  We are  very  excited                                                                    
     about the ideas that are  being generated by the series                                                                    
     of  hearings  you have  conducted  and  stand ready  to                                                                    
     assist and  work with the  Legislature and DEED  in any                                                                    
     way we can.                                                                                                                
8:49:41 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  BEGICH  voiced  appreciation for  the  presentation.  He                                                               
noted his past  involvement in the Moore  and Kasayulie lawsuits.                                                               
The Moore  lawsuit identified  that there  were certain  types of                                                               
educational  deliveries  that  needed  to be  done  to  meet  the                                                               
state's constitutional educational obligation.  It makes sense to                                                               
apply  technology  in an  appropriate  way  so  that we  are  not                                                               
reducing  a student's  ability  to learn,  but  we are  providing                                                               
access to  educational elements.  He said he  is excited  about a                                                               
new  survey on  broadband  needs and  the  various approaches  of                                                               
bandwidth use.                                                                                                                  
In terms of  the general things, he suggested to  be sure that we                                                               
elevate schools  to the minimum  bandwidth and upgrade  the level                                                               
of teaching, but  also provide the means  to replenish technology                                                               
in  both  rural  and  urban  areas with  an  on-going  effort  to                                                               
maintain equity.                                                                                                                
8:52:45 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER  agreed. He  said there  must be  a way  to replenish                                                               
technology.  Schools  are getting  better  at  having a  "refresh                                                               
schedule." In the past it  was looked at as purchasing equipment,                                                               
but  a  sustainable model  looks  at  refreshing equipment  every                                                               
year.  Repairs  cost almost  as  much  as  buying a  new  device;                                                               
refresh mode flattens out the cost.                                                                                             
SENATOR BEGICH thought that made sense.  He spoke of a need for a                                                               
regular  spending  mechanism.  He   stressed  the  importance  of                                                               
training  and  the  concept  of  collaboration  in  training.  He                                                               
thought   cultural  learning   should  be   considered  and   not                                                               
sacrificed to technology.                                                                                                       
8:56:40 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER agreed.  He provided an example of  a small district,                                                               
Copper River, which  has revamped the calendar  to allow cultural                                                               
curriculum.  Distance delivery  should  consist  of high  quality                                                               
instruction and  be standards based,  place based,  localized and                                                               
project  based. That  has  to do  with  the state's  foundational                                                               
SENATOR BEGICH asked  whether robot technology saves  money if it                                                               
is a teacher  who is running the robot. He  said it would concern                                                               
him if it was not a teacher.                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER  replied that  the main delivery  model is  through a                                                               
classroom  teacher.   Other  support   comes  from   outside  for                                                               
professional  development,  but  the  teacher  is  still  in  the                                                               
SENATOR BEGICH  summarized that technology  adds quality  that is                                                               
difficult to provide  to a rural village. Robots can  make use of                                                               
a mode  of teaching alongside  a teacher. He thought  robots cost                                                               
about  $2,500 at  the least.  He spoke  of a  need for  technical                                                               
DR. WHICKER agreed that there needs to be a system of support.                                                                  
SENATOR BEGICH  asked where the  potential cost savings  are with                                                               
robots. He  opined they enhanced the  educational experience, but                                                               
might not save money.                                                                                                           
9:00:44 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER  agreed. He said the  cost savings he has  seen is in                                                               
the delivery of professional development.  Kodiak has saved money                                                               
by  bringing  a  team  together using  a  robot.  He  recommended                                                               
talking to Superintendent McDonald about further uses of robots.                                                                
9:02:30 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR COGHILL  voiced appreciation  for Dr. Whicker's  work. He                                                               
asked  what students  are doing  that could  be done  in outlying                                                               
9:03:13 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER  spoke of  highly individualized  programs. Real-life                                                               
applications  of  personalized  learning and  mentoring  programs                                                               
could be used more in outlying areas.                                                                                           
9:04:53 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR COGHILL noted  students can get take  classes outside the                                                               
school setting  to earn credits  more quickly. He  suggested this                                                               
might work in rural areas.                                                                                                      
9:05:45 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  HUGHES  wanted clarification  if  there  are places  where                                                               
there might be  more broadband available in a  community, but the                                                               
district is not purchasing it due to expense.                                                                                   
DR. WHICKER said yes.                                                                                                           
CHAIR HUGHES asked  for follow up information on  that. She asked                                                               
whether districts need  to think about shared  bell schedules and                                                               
calendars to make the innovative network work.                                                                                  
9:07:22 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER  agreed that there needs  to be a system  that allows                                                               
broadband to  happen, but he could  not say what it  would be for                                                               
everyone. It depends on the area.  He did not believe there needs                                                               
to be a standard bell or calendar.                                                                                              
9:08:14 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES envisioned  a small K-12 school using a  robot to do                                                               
a  2-way virtual  class with  an instructional  aide to  help the                                                               
younger students.                                                                                                               
9:09:19 AM                                                                                                                    
DR. WHICKER said  that is an effective model. Whether  a robot is                                                               
used is questionable.                                                                                                           
9:10:10 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES thanked the Mr. Whicker.                                                                                           
9:10:26 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES announced the consideration of SB 66.                                                                              
          SB 66-ST. COUNCIL ON THE ARTS: PUBLIC CORP.                                                                       
9:10:59 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES related that SB 66 is a committee bill that would                                                                  
quasi-privatize the  Alaska State Council  on the Arts  (ASCA) by                                                               
restructuring  it  as  a  public corporation  to  allow  ASCA  to                                                               
increase  its ability  to  leverage  funds from  non-governmental                                                               
contributors and  better adapt to  the shifting  economic climate                                                               
in Alaska.  This effort  responds to  the widespread  interest in                                                               
governmental  entities  to  at least  partially  privatize  their                                                               
operations and increase their operating efficiency.                                                                             
9:11:30 AM                                                                                                                    
JOSHUA  BANKS,   Staff,  Senator  Shelly  Hughes,   Alaska  State                                                               
Legislature, presented the sectional analysis  of SB 66 on behalf                                                               
of the sponsor. He read:                                                                                                        
     Section 1 (Pages 1-4): Amends AS 39.25.110 concerning                                                                    
       exempt state employees to add all employees of the                                                                       
     Alaska State  Council on the  Arts (ASCA),  thus making                                                                    
     employees of ASCA exempt from the State Personnel Act.                                                                     
     Section 2  (Pages 5-7): Adds artists'  submissions made                                                                  
     in response to an  inquiry or solicitation initiated by                                                                    
     the Alaska  State Council on  the Arts, to the  list of                                                                    
     records that  are exempt  from public  inspection under                                                                    
     AS 40.25.120.                                                                                                              
     Section 3 (Page 7):  Repeals and re-enacts AS 44.27.040                                                                  
     regarding  the  creation  of  ASCA,  to  establish  the                                                                    
     Council   as   a   separate  and   independent   public                                                                    
     corporation  of   the  state   of  Alaska   within  the                                                                    
     Department of Education and Early Development (DEED).                                                                      
     Section 4 (Page 7): Amends  AS 44.27.041 to charge ASCA                                                                  
     to be governed by an  11-member board of trustees, adds                                                                    
     literary arts as a field  represented within the board,                                                                    
     and a  member's expertise,  rather than interest,  as a                                                                    
     factor for consideration for board membership.                                                                             
     Section 5 (Page 7): Amends  AS 44.27.042 to replace the                                                                  
     term "members"  with the term "trustees"  and "council"                                                                    
     with "board of trustees".                                                                                                  
     Section 6 (Page 8): Amends  AS 44.27.043 to replace the                                                                  
     term "member" with "trustee".                                                                                              
     Section 7  (Page 8): Replaces  the term  "members" with                                                                  
     the  term  "trustees"  in  AS  44.27.044  and  replaces                                                                    
     language that  entitles trustees  to be  reimbursed for                                                                    
     travel expenses  at the same  rate of members  of state                                                                    
     boards under AS 39.20.180.                                                                                                 
     Section 8 (Page 8): Amends  AS 44.27.045 to use gender-                                                                  
     neutral terms for board members.                                                                                           
     Section 9  (Page 8-9): Amends  AS 44.27.050  to require                                                                  
     the  council  to encourage  literary  arts  as well  as                                                                    
     other  disciplines,  invest   in  arts  throughout  the                                                                    
     state, and conduct research  into artistic and cultural                                                                    
     activities throughout the state.                                                                                           
9:14:22 AM                                                                                                                    
     Section 10 (Page 9): Amends  AS 44.27.052(a) to replace                                                                  
     "educational objectives with  "strategic" objectives as                                                                    
     it  relates  to the  council's  ability  to enter  into                                                                    
     contracts   and   accept  gifts,   contributions,   and                                                                    
     Section 11 (Page 9-10): Amends  AS 44.27.054 to replace                                                                  
     language with  the proper terms "chair"  and "trustees"                                                                    
     previously   established   and   makes   a   conforming                                                                    
     amendment to Section 1.                                                                                                    
     Section 12  (Page 10): Adds  a new section to  AS 44.27                                                                  
     detailing the  administration of  affairs of  the board                                                                    
     of  trustees. The  board of  trustees shall  manage the                                                                    
     assets  of  the  council, establish  and  amend  bylaws                                                                    
     governing the  business of the corporation,  and employ                                                                    
     an executive  director to supervise  the administration                                                                    
     of ASCA. This section also  exempts ASCA from the State                                                                    
     Procurement  Code (AS  36.30), instructs  the board  of                                                                    
     trustees to  establish procedures for  procurement, and                                                                    
     requires   consistency   with   the   Alaska   Veterans                                                                    
     preference   established   in   AS   36.30.32(f).   The                                                                    
     operating budget  of ASCA is subject  to the provisions                                                                    
     established in the Executive Budget Act (AS 37.07).                                                                        
9:15:39 AM                                                                                                                    
     Section 13  (Page 10): Amends  AS 44.27.058  to require                                                                  
     that ASCA comply with the  20 U.S.C 951 - 960 (National                                                                    
     Foundation on the Arts and  the Humanities Act of 1965)                                                                    
     as it relates to the  receipt and disbursement of funds                                                                    
     from the National Endowment for the Arts.                                                                                  
     Section  14 (Page  10-11): Amends  AS 44.27.060  to add                                                                  
     new subsections  (e) and (f)  regarding confidentiality                                                                    
     of artist  submissions and adds a  provision for public                                                                    
     disclosure to submissions when the  artist is awarded a                                                                    
     commission   for   said  submission.   However,   under                                                                    
     subsection (g),  subsections (e)  and (f) do  not apply                                                                    
     if the submission was created  as a work for hire under                                                                    
     17 U.S.C.  101 or  if the  artist's copyright  has been                                                                    
     transferred under 17 U.S.C. 204.                                                                                           
     Section  15   (Page  11):  Amends   AS  44.27   to  add                                                                  
     definitions for "board of trustees" and "council".                                                                         
9:16:53 AM                                                                                                                    
     Section  16 (Page  11-12): Creates  transition language                                                                  
     for  ASCA to  allow council  members to  remain on  the                                                                    
     board  of trustees  until their  term  is over,  allows                                                                    
     current   employees  to   remain   with  ASCA,   allows                                                                    
     regulations,   contracts,   rights,  liabilities,   and                                                                    
     obligations  created under  current  law  to remain  in                                                                    
     effect,  and   allows  ASCA  to  retain   all  records,                                                                    
     equipment, appropriations, and other property.                                                                             
      Section 17 (Page 12): Creates an effective date for                                                                     
     this legislation as July 1, 2017.                                                                                          
9:17:31 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES  noted that Section 12  allows for the hiring  of an                                                               
executive director; it is not adding a new position.                                                                            
MR. BANKS said that was  correct. ASCA currently has an executive                                                               
9:18:03 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  COGHILL asked  if there  is  a timeline  for members  to                                                               
become trustees.                                                                                                                
MR.  BANKS deferred  the  question  to Mr.  Brown  or Ms.  Nobel-                                                               
SENATOR  COGHILL   said  he  is   reluctant  to  put   U.S.  Code                                                               
requirements into  state statute  because it unknown  whether the                                                               
state  is  in  compliance.  He suggested  those  requirements  be                                                               
spelled  out in  Section 13.  He also  inquired whether  trustees                                                               
have new responsibilities.                                                                                                      
MR. BANKS offered to work on those issues.                                                                                      
9:19:13 AM                                                                                                                    
BENJAMIN  BROWN,  Chair,  State   Council  on  the  Arts  (ASCA),                                                               
presented information  on SB  66. He said  the reason  behind the                                                               
request to  restructure ASCA was  due to the state  fiscal crisis                                                               
and issues  that have  arisen even  before the  budget situation.                                                               
Due to  ASCA receiving more  private foundation money,  they have                                                               
been hamstrung  by the  State Procurement  Code. They  decided to                                                               
put  together a  package  of  the best  ways  to  make ASCA  more                                                               
effective. He thanked the committee  for taking up their request.                                                               
He noted the  House Education Committee has a  companion bill. He                                                               
concluded that  ASCA is trying  to be  part of the  solution, not                                                               
part of the problem.                                                                                                            
He  addressed Senator  Coghill's question.  He said  the National                                                               
Arts  and Humanities  Act  mandates that  state  art agencies  be                                                               
under the  auspices of  state government.  Their funding  must be                                                               
matched dollar  for dollar. It  also mandates that 40  percent of                                                               
funding pass through  state arts agencies. He  emphasized that SB
66 references  federal requirements  for purposes of  clarity. It                                                               
does not add any more requirements of the legislature.                                                                          
He offered to answer questions.                                                                                                 
9:23:19 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  HUGHES noted  the bill  will  be held  over and  questions                                                               
could be considered at the next meeting.                                                                                        
9:23:44 AM                                                                                                                    
ALICE BIOFF, Member, State Council  on the Arts (ASCA), testified                                                               
in support of SB 66. She  shared her personal background and work                                                               
with Kawerak,  the regional non-profit  consortium of  tribes for                                                               
the Bering Straits region as  a business planning specialist. She                                                               
spoke  of  her  work  with artists  within  the  region.  Kawerak                                                               
provides  direct technical  assistance  to artist  entrepreneurs.                                                               
She  has seen  firsthand  how  important ASCA  is  to artists  in                                                               
supporting  their work.  The  restructuring  of ASCA  strengthens                                                               
this support  and will provide  better funding  opportunities and                                                               
better tools  and services.  SB 66  streamlines the  process ASCA                                                               
will use to present opportunities to artists all over Alaska.                                                                   
9:26:38 AM                                                                                                                    
ANDREA NOBLE-PELANT, Executive Director,  Alaska State Council on                                                               
the Arts, testified in support of  SB 66. She shared her personal                                                               
background.  She  said the  timing  of  SB  66 is  opportune,  as                                                               
Alaska's creative  industry is currently growing  due to targeted                                                               
public  and  private  investments  in the  past  ten  years.  She                                                               
described  the efforts  of  ASCA and  the  grants, programs,  and                                                               
private  programs it  provides  to Alaskan  artists.  SB 66  will                                                               
allow  new and  existing  programs to  reach  more Alaskans  with                                                               
increased impact and efficiency.                                                                                                
She  related  that  ASCA  works   with  constituents  to  oversee                                                               
projects   and  initiatives   that   build   capacity  for   arts                                                               
organizations and provide  practical and professional development                                                               
and opportunities  for artists.  She named several  programs ASCA                                                               
works with,  such as those  with PTSD, incarcerated  persons, and                                                               
more.  They have  long-standing  partnerships  with the  Rasmuson                                                               
Foundation,  the  Alaska Arts  and  Culture  Foundation, and  the                                                               
Atwood Foundation.  She listed new partners,  which were inspired                                                               
by  ASCA's work.  Other partners  include  the Alaska  Humanities                                                               
Forum,  and  the Western  States  Arts  Federation. Funding  from                                                               
partners  goes  back  to  Alaska  residents  and  communities  as                                                               
grants,  programs,  and  services.   She  concluded  that  SB  66                                                               
provides  flexibility for  ASCA to  manage projects  in a  timely                                                               
manner and to work across sectors, and it strengthens ASCA's                                                                    
ability to secure future funding.                                                                                               
CHAIR HUGHES thanked the presenters.                                                                                            
MR. BROWN  addressed Senator  Coghill's question  about expertise                                                               
of  council members.  He stated  that everyone  currently on  the                                                               
council  has expertise  in one  of the  enumerated art  areas and                                                               
qualifies to continue.                                                                                                          
9:31:28 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR HUGHES held SB 66 in committee.                                                                                           
9:31:55 AM                                                                                                                    
There being no further business to come before the committee,                                                                   
Chair Hughes adjourned the Senate Education Standing Committee                                                                  
at 9:31 a.m.                                                                                                                    

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
SB 66 - Sponsor Statement.pdf SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM
SB 66
SB 66 - Legislation Ver. D.PDF SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM
SB 66
SB 66 - Sectional Analysis.pdf SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM
SB 66
SB 66 - Fiscal Note - DOA-DOP-02-24-17.pdf SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM
SB 66
SB 66 - Fiscal Note - EED-ASCA-2-24-17.pdf SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM
SB 66
SB 66 - Supporting Document - WESTAF Letter of Support.pdf SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM
SB 66
SB 66 - Supporting Document - Benjamin Brown Editorial.pdf SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM
SB 66
SB 66 - Supporting Document - Alaska Public Media Article.pdf SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM
SB 66
Legislative Testimony March 3v.4.pdf SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM
TestimonyGraphic-V2 .pdf SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM
BandwidthScenariosInSchools.pdf SEDC 3/3/2017 8:00:00 AM