Legislature(2019 - 2020)GRUENBERG 120

05/09/2019 03:00 PM STATE AFFAIRS

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Audio Topic
03:05:05 PM Start
03:05:16 PM HR11
03:31:15 PM Presentation(s): Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women
04:18:50 PM HB28
05:04:10 PM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
*+ HR 11 RENAME SAGINAW BAY AS SKANAX BAY TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Public Testimony --
+ Presentation: Missing and Murdered Indigenous TELECONFERENCED
Women by Dept. of Public Safety
+= HB 28 EQUAL PAY & MINIMUM WAGE ACT TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
             HOUSE STATE AFFAIRS STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                           
                           May 9, 2019                                                                                          
                            3:05 p.m.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Representative Zack Fields, Co-Chair                                                                                            
Representative Jonathan Kreiss-Tomkins, Co-Chair                                                                                
Representative Grier Hopkins                                                                                                    
Representative Andi Story                                                                                                       
Representative Adam Wool                                                                                                        
Representative Laddie Shaw                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Representative Sarah Vance                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE RESOLUTION NO. 11                                                                                                         
Supporting the renaming of Saginaw Bay as Skanax Bay.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
      - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
PRESENTATION(S):  MISSING AND MURDERED INDIGENOUS WOMEN                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
      - HEARD                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 28                                                                                                               
"An Act relating to an annual report concerning the payment of                                                                  
equal pay for comparable work; increasing the minimum wage; and                                                                 
providing for an effective date."                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
      - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HR 11                                                                                                                   
SHORT TITLE: RENAME SAGINAW BAY AS SKANAX BAY                                                                                   
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) KREISS-TOMKINS                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
05/08/19         (H)         READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                    
05/08/19         (H)         STA                                                                                                
05/09/19         (H)         STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 28                                                                                                                   
SHORT TITLE: EQUAL PAY & MINIMUM WAGE ACT                                                                                       
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) TARR                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
02/20/19         (H)         PREFILE RELEASED 1/11/19                                                                           
02/20/19         (H)         READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                    
02/20/19         (H)         STA, L&C                                                                                           
05/02/19         (H)         STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                       
05/02/19         (H)         <Bill Hearing Canceled>                                                                            
05/09/19         (H)         STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MIKE  JACKSON                                                                                                                   
Organized Village of Kake                                                                                                       
Kake,  Alaska                                                                                                                   
POSITION STATEMENT:  Provided information during the hearing on                                                               
HR 11.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                              
DAWN JACKSON, Executive Director                                                                                                
Organized Village of Kake                                                                                                       
Kake,  Alaska                                                                                                                   
POSITION STATEMENT:  Provided information during the hearing on                                                               
HR 11.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                              
ROBERT  MILLS                                                                                                                   
Kake,  Alaska                                                                                                                   
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HR 11.                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
JOEL JACKSON, President                                                                                                         
Organized Village of Kake                                                                                                       
Kake,  Alaska                                                                                                                   
POSITION     STATEMENT:         Provided    information      during    the                                                    
presentation, entitled "Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women."                                                                 
                                                                                                                              
WALT  MONEGAN                                                                                                                   
Eagle River, Alaska                                                                                                             
POSITION     STATEMENT:         Provided    information      during    the                                                    
presentation, entitled "Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women."                                                                 
                                                                                                                              
CAPTAIN DAVID HANSON, Commander                                                                                                 
Alaska Bureau of Investigation (ABI)                                                                                            
Department of Public Safety (DPS)                                                                                               
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION     STATEMENT:         Provided    information      during    the                                                    
presentation, entitled "Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women."                                                                 
                                                                                                                              
CAPTAIN MICHAEL DUXBURY, Deputy Commissioner                                                                                    
Department of Public Safety (DPS)                                                                                               
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                             
POSITION     STATEMENT:         Provided    information      during    the                                                    
presentation, entitled "Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women."                                                                 
                                                                                                                              
RANDY MCPHERRON                                                                                                                 
Alaska State Troopers                                                                                                           
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION     STATEMENT:         Provided    information      during    the                                                    
presentation, entitled "Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women."                                                                 
                                                                                                                              
ANDREW BEANE, Vice President                                                                                                    
Service Employees International Union (SEIU) 775                                                                                
Seattle, Washington                                                                                                             
POSITION   STATEMENT:    Provided   information   during  the  hearing  on                                                    
HB 28 with the use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                
                                                                                                                              
ANNA GODOEY, Research Economist                                                                                                 
Center on Wage and Employment (CWED)                                                                                            
University of California, Berkeley                                                                                              
Berkeley, California                                                                                                            
POSITION   STATEMENT:    Provided   information   during  the  hearing  on                                                    
HB 28 with the use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                
                                                                                                                              
REPRESENTATIVE GERAN TARR                                                                                                       
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:    Presented   HB  28, as  prime  sponsor,  with  the                                                    
use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                              
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:05:05 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   ZACK  FIELDS   called   the  House   State   Affairs  Standing                                                     
Committee    meeting   to   order   at   3:05   p.m.     Representatives                                                        
Hopkins,  Story,   Shaw,  Kreiss-Tomkins,   and  Fields  were  present  at                                                      
the  call  to  order.    Representative   Wool  arrived   as  the  meeting                                                      
was in progress.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
             HR 11-RENAME SAGINAW BAY AS SKANAX BAY                                                                         
                                                                                                                              
3:05:16 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS   announced  that  the  first  order  of business   would                                                      
be  HOUSE  RESOLUTION   NO.  11,  Supporting   the  renaming   of  Saginaw                                                      
Bay as Skanax Bay.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:05:26 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   KREISS-TOMKINS,   as  prime  sponsor   of HR  11,  paraphrased                                                       
from the sponsor statement, which read as follows:                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
      House  Resolution   11  would  express  the  Alaska  House   of                                                           
      Representatives'    support   for  renaming   Saginaw  Bay   as                                                           
      Skanax  Bay.  The  bay  is situated   on  the  northern  coast                                                            
      of  Kuiu  Island   in  the   Alexander   Archipelago   and   is                                                           
      located  across  the  Keku  Straight  from  the  community   of                                                           
      Kake.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
      The  bay  was   named  after   the  USS   Saginaw,   a  United                                                            
      States  Navy  ship  that  shelled  Kake  in 1869,  destroying                                                             
      three  civilian   villages   and  three   smaller  campsites.                                                             
      The  destruction   from   the  shelling   led  to  an  unknown                                                            
      number  of deaths   by starvation   and  exposure  during  the                                                            
      following winter.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
      The  bay's   current   name  is  an   affront   to  the  local                                                            
      Tlingit  community   and  a source   of discomfort   for  many                                                            
      residents   of   the   City   of  Kake   and   the   Organized                                                            
      Village  of  Kake.    Renaming   Saginaw  Bay  to  Skanax  Bay                                                            
      is  a  constructive    step  toward   the  healing   of  local                                                            
      Tlingit communities.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   KREISS-TOMKINS    added   that  the   bay  to  be  renamed   is                                                      
important   for  subsistence;    Skanax  is  the  Tlingit   name  for  the                                                      
bay;  and  there  is universal   support  from  the  community  and  local                                                      
governments.    He  said  that he  became  aware  of  the bay  a year  ago                                                      
at  the Central   Council  of Tlingit   and Haida  Indian   Tribes  annual                                                      
gala.    The   proposed   resolution,   if  passed,   would  support   the                                                      
application   submitted   to the  U.S.  Board  on  Geographic   Names  for                                                      
renaming the bay.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
3:08:08 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE STORY asked about the meaning of "Skanax."                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   KREISS-TOMKINS    deferred   to  the  invited   testifiers   to                                                      
answer the question.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    HOPKINS  asked   whether  there  were   any  other  bays                                                      
with similarly tragic histories.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   KREISS-TOMKINS    described   his   interest   and  experience                                                       
with  geographic   names.   He  stated  that  he  is not  aware  of  other                                                      
place   names   with   similarly    problematic    origins,   except   for                                                      
Saginaw   Strait  near  Juneau   - also   named  for  the  USS  Saginaw  -                                                      
and  brought  to  his  attention  by  the  Alaska  Department   of  Fish &                                                      
Game (ADF&G).                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    HOPKINS   asked  whether   there  is  a  name  database                                                       
that tracks historical names in Alaska.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   KREISS-TOMKINS    expressed   his   belief   that  Alaska   may                                                      
create  its  own  place  names;  however,   they  would  not  be publicly                                                       
reflected   because    the  State   of   Alaska   is  secondary    to  the                                                      
federal   government   as  an  authority  on  place   names.    He  stated                                                      
that  the  federal  government   does  have  such  a database,   which  is                                                      
very   detailed,   called   the   U.S.  Geographic    Names   Information                                                       
System (USGNIS).                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
3:12:42 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   STORY  asked  about  the  full  process  for  securing  a                                                      
name   change   and   whether    there   were   plans   to   educate   the                                                      
community.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   KREISS-TOMKINS   suggested   that  the  community   is  broadly                                                      
aware of the origin of the name of Saginaw Bay.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    STORY   clarified    that   by   "community,"    she  is                                                      
referring to Southeast Alaska.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR    KREISS-TOMKINS    concurred    that   awareness    is   hugely                                                      
important;   now  that  the  application   has  been  submitted,   efforts                                                      
can  be  made  to  raise  awareness;   the  resolution   will  contribute                                                       
to  the   effort.    In   response   to  Representative    Story's   first                                                      
question,   he said  that  the application   goes  to  the U.S.  Board  on                                                      
Geographic   Names;  the  board  has criteria   for  evaluation;  and  the                                                      
criteria includes the existence of local support or opposition.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
3:16:46 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE     WOOL   asked    about   the   origin    of   the   name                                                      
"Saginaw,"   which   is  a  name  used   by  the  indigenous    people  of                                                      
Michigan.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   KREISS-TOMKINS    said  that  the  bay  was  named   after  the                                                      
USS  Saginaw  but  added  that he  does  not  know whether   the ship  was                                                      
named after Saginaw, Michigan.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
3:18:01 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MIKE   JACKSON,   Organized   Village   of  Kake,   testified    that  his                                                      
knowledge   of the  bombardments   of Kake  from  1803-1856   came  to him                                                      
through    family    stories;    his    great    grandfather    described                                                       
firsthand    the  bombardment    of   the   traditional    lands   of  the                                                      
Natives   living  in  Kake.   He  described   several   incidents  of  the                                                      
conflict,   including  destruction   of  property   and  lives  lost.   He                                                      
stated   that  he   participated    in  a  1999   video-taped   testimony                                                       
before   federal    government   officials    of   the  Bureau   of   Land                                                      
Management    (BLM)   and   the  Department    of   Defense   (DoD)   that                                                      
recorded    these   events.       He   mentioned    that   "Tyee"   is   a                                                      
traditional    name   for  the   southern   tip   of  Admiralty    Island;                                                      
places   in  this  area  that   were  renamed   since  the  conflict   are                                                      
"Murder  Cove,"   "Surprise   Harbor,"  "Meade  Point"   - after   Richard                                                      
Meade, captain of the USS Saginaw, and "Retaliation Point."                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
3:24:31 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
DAWN   JACKSON,   Executive   Director,   Organized    Village   of  Kake,                                                      
offered  a  short  message  in  Tlingit   and introduced   herself.    She                                                      
testified   that   in  2018,  the   Organized   Village   of  Kake  -  the                                                      
federally   recognized   tribal  government   serving   the  Kake  area  -                                                      
unanimously    passed   a  resolution    [Resolution   No.   2018-20]   to                                                      
change  the   name  of  Saginaw  Bay  back   to its  traditional    Native                                                      
name  -  Skanax  Bay.    She  mentioned   the  traditional   uses  of  the                                                      
bay   by  her  ancestors.      She   maintained   that   her  clan   never                                                      
relinquished   the  rights   to  the  bay  and  were  well  known  to  the                                                      
U.S.  government    for  defending   the  land  and  the   people  in  the                                                      
area.   She  said  that  in  2011,  a shell  was  discovered   in a  house                                                      
owned  by  her  family;   the  U.S.  Army  dispatched   a  bomb  squad  to                                                      
Kake;  through   the efforts   of local   leaders,  the  shell  was  saved                                                      
from   destruction;    it  is   currently   on   loan  to   the  Sealaska                                                       
Heritage   Institute   in Juneau.    She  asserted   that  [renaming   the                                                      
bay]  would  be  the  beginning  of  healing  for  the  Native  people  in                                                      
the area.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
3:27:56 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ROBERT   MILLS  testified   that  he  provided   Representative    Kreiss-                                                      
Tomkins   with   the   historical   background    for  the   name   change                                                      
effort.    He  mentioned   the  absurdity   of  naming  a  bay  after  the                                                      
ship  that  bombarded   Kake;  Americans   would  never  consider   naming                                                      
any  street   near  the  World  Trade  Center   [site  of  the  terrorist                                                       
attacks   of  September    11,  2001]   after   Osama   bin  Laden.     He                                                      
offered  that  his  role  is  to bring  awareness   to  the facts   of the                                                      
history  and  the  atrocities  that  have  occurred.    He  asserted  that                                                      
it  is vital  to  acknowledge   the history  and  the  implicit  bias  and                                                      
stereotypes   regarding   Tlingit   people  in  order  to  move  forward,                                                       
resuscitate   the  Tlingit   culture  and  way  of  life,  and  begin  the                                                      
healing [process].                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS   closed  public   testimony   on  HR  11.    He  stated                                                      
that HR 11 would be held over.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
^PRESENTATION(S):  Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women                                                                        
     PRESENTATION(S):  Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women                                                                
                                                                                                                              
3:31:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  FIELDS  announced   that  the  next  order  of  business  would  be                                                      
a presentation by the Department of Public Safety (DPS).                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
3:31:27 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JOEL  JACKSON,   President,   Organized  Village   of  Kake,  stated  that                                                      
in  the past  two  years  that  he  has been  speaking   on the  topic  of                                                      
missing   and  murdered  indigenous   women   and  rural  public   safety,                                                      
he  has  seen   no  change  in  the   adequacy   of  law  enforcement   in                                                      
rural  Alaska  communities.    He  said  that  public  safety  is a  basic                                                      
right  of  everyone  regardless   of  where  they  live  in Alaska.    The                                                      
Village   Public  Safety   Officer  (VPSO)   Program  [DPS]   exists,  but                                                      
much  needs   to  be  done  to  make  it  an  adequate   law  enforcement                                                       
agency,   such   as   arming   the   officers   and   giving   them   more                                                      
authority   to   enforce   local,   state,   and  federal   laws.     They                                                      
currently    rely   on   Alaska   State   Troopers    (AST)   [DPS],   who                                                      
determine whether or not to respond to a case.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MR.   JACKSON   relayed   that   two   women   in   his  community    were                                                      
murdered  in  the  past  three years;   one murder  was  solved  in  2016;                                                      
the  other   occurred   in   [2017]  and   has  not   been  solved.     He                                                      
maintained    that  it   is  unacceptable.       He  mentioned    that  if                                                      
someone  shoots   a deer  or  moose  out  of season,   Alaska  Department                                                       
of  Fish  & Game  (ADF&G)  officers   respond  in  a  couple  hours;  but,                                                      
if  there  is  a murder   in the  village,   it takes   from  11-16  hours                                                      
for  officers  to  respond.    He  declared  that  Alaska  needs  to  make                                                      
human  life  a  priority  and  make  law  enforcement   available  to  the                                                      
small  communities.     He  added  that  when  using  the  911  system  in                                                      
Kake,  the  call  first  goes to  the  Ketchikan  AST  dispatch  who  asks                                                      
10-20  questions;    then  to  AST  or  the  SouthEast   Alaska  Regional                                                       
Health  Consortium   (SEARHC)  for  another  10-20  questions;   and  then                                                      
the  local  VPSO  or health   center.   He  asserted  that  it  is  a slow                                                      
and inadequate process.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR.  JACKSON   relayed  that   there  are  murdered   and  missing   women                                                      
all  over  Alaska;  Alaska  has  the  highest  rate  in  the  nation.   He                                                      
lamented   that   people   are  afraid   to   go  out.     He  said   VPSO                                                      
officers   are  doing  their  best  but  need  more  authority   and  need                                                      
sidearms   to respond   and make  arrests.    He  offered  that  domestic                                                       
violence   calls  are  among   the  most  dangerous   calls,  as  well  as                                                      
traffic stops.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
3:38:28 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR KREISS-TOMKINS thanked the testifiers.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS  relayed   that  the  House   and  Senate  announced   a                                                      
joint  task  force  to look  for  ways  to strengthen   the  VPSO  program                                                      
and  improve  law  enforcement   response  and  investigative   capacity.                                                       
He  mentioned    that  there   is  inadequate    investigative   capacity                                                       
with   only   one   Alaska   Bureau    of  Investigation     (ABI)   [DPS]                                                      
investigator   for  130  cold   cases  -  13 times   fewer  then  what  is                                                      
recommended under national benchmarks for staffing.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS  asked  for  an  explanation   of  how  Alaska  came  to                                                      
have such inadequate staffing levels at ABI.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
3:39:44 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
WALT  MONEGAN,   as  a  former  Commissioner    of  DPS,  testified   that                                                      
DPS  has  had difficulty   in  being  able  to  recruit  enough  troopers                                                       
to  fill the  vacancies   in the  department.    At  the time  when  there                                                      
were  50-plus  vacant   positions,   DPS began   to hire  long-term   non-                                                      
permanent   ("non-perm")    troopers   -  retired   troopers   or   police                                                      
officers  -  to be  investigators   so  as not  to take  troopers   out of                                                      
the  field.    Budget  cuts  resulted   in  the elimination   of  some  of                                                      
the long-term non-perm positions.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
3:42:20 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR    FIELDS   asked,    "What   do   you    think   would   be   an                                                      
appropriate staffing level ... in ABI for the 130 cold cases?"                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MR.   MONEGAN   responded    that   ideally    no  investor    should   be                                                      
assigned   more than  10-15  cases.    He  said  that  the nature   of the                                                      
work   requires   an  investigator    be  at  the   job  long  enough   to                                                      
actively  and  continuously   work  a case  and  avoid  passing  it  on to                                                      
another investigator.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS  asked   whether  hiring   more  troopers   in addition                                                       
to  long-term    non-perms   might   help  reduce   turnover;    that  is,                                                      
having  troopers   in investigator   positions   correlates   with  longer                                                      
tenures with the cases.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MONEGAN  replied  that  long-term   non-perms  benefit   DPS  because                                                      
they  are   not  promoted   or  rotated   to  another   assignment.     He                                                      
added   that   long-term   non-perms    could  make   up   a  significant                                                       
portion  of  ABI  and  can  serve  as  mentors  to  active   troopers  who                                                      
work alongside them.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR    FIELDS    mentioned     the   importance     of   cold    case                                                      
investigators in identifying serial killers.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MONEGAN  continued   by stating   that many  state  departments   use                                                      
long-term   non-perms;   labor  agreements   do  not  preempt   doing  so.                                                      
Long-term   non-perms   are  cheaper  for  the  state  because   they  are                                                      
salaried;   and  the  employees   like   the  arrangement   because   they                                                      
can collect their retirement as well as their salary.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
3:45:44 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    SHAW  asked   whether   a  task  force  has   ever  been                                                      
formed to look at the issue.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MONEGAN  answered   that  he  cannot  recall   that  being  done;  he                                                      
expressed   that  it would  not  be  a bad  idea.   He  recommended   that                                                      
the  group  of investigators    consist  of a  combination   of long-term                                                       
non-perms    and  a   few   regular   troopers;    that  could   only   be                                                      
achieved   once  there  is adequate   AST  staffing,   especially  out  in                                                      
the Bush.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
3:47:01 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CAPTAIN   DAVID  HANSON,  Commander,   Alaska   Bureau  of  Investigation                                                       
(ABI),    Department    of   Public    Safety   (DPS),    described    his                                                      
responsibilities    under  DPS and  investigative   experience   with  the                                                      
department.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS  offered  that  the  lack  of  investigative   capacity                                                       
regarding   cold cases  inhibits   the  state's  ability  to  address  the                                                      
issue   of  missing    and  murdered    indigenous   women.     He   asked                                                      
Captain  Hanson  to  speak  to current   staffing  in  ABI as  it  relates                                                      
to  the benchmark   of 10-15  cases  per  investigator   and  the role  of                                                      
DPS in the issue of missing and murdered indigenous women.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
CAPTAIN    HANSON   stated    that   he   supervises     the   Cold   Case                                                      
Investigative   Unit   (CCIU)  which  consists   of  one  long-term   non-                                                      
perm  investigator    -  Randy   McPherron   -  who  was  a  trooper   for                                                      
about  25-30  years.    He  said  that  the  cold  case  load   - the  130                                                      
cases  that  has  been mentioned   - consists   of  unresolved  homicides                                                       
or   unresolved    missing    persons   cases   in   which    the   person                                                      
disappeared   under   suspicious   circumstances,    and  all   the  leads                                                      
have  become   cold.    The  cases  are   waiting  for  someone   to  come                                                      
forward,   human  remains  to  be discovered,   or  science   to catch  up                                                      
with technology for additional testing.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
CAPTAIN   HANSON  stated   that  the  number   of  missing  and  murdered                                                       
indigenous   women   cases  is  12.    There  are   several  reasons   why                                                      
cases  become   cold  and  cannot  be  worked:    in  six  cases  the  one                                                      
and  only  suspect  in  the  case  died;  in  some  there  is  no need  to                                                      
investigate   for  the  purpose  of  prosecution.    He  said  that  there                                                      
are  two  cases  with  viable   leads  that  could   be  worked,  and  Mr.                                                      
McPherron   has   put   forth   robust   investigative    effort   on  the                                                      
cases.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
3:51:45 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS   asked   the  following    questions:     What   is  an                                                      
adequate   staffing   level  at   ABI?    Are  there  approximately    130                                                      
cases  to  be investigated?    Should   there  be ten  times  the  current                                                      
number of staff to follow best practices for the profession?                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CAPTAIN   HANSON  responded,    "It  depends."     He  said  that  when  a                                                      
case   reaches    the   status    of   "cold   case,"    many   dedicated                                                       
investigators   have  looked  at  the case  for  several  years  and  were                                                      
unable  to  bring  it  to a  conclusion.    These  aren't  simple   cases;                                                      
it  may take  a team  of  investigators   a significant   amount  of  time                                                      
to  address  just  one  case.   He  said  that  to enumerate   the  number                                                      
of  people   to  effectively   manage   the  number   of  cold   cases  is                                                      
difficult   to   do,  because   there   are   so  many   variables.     He                                                      
maintained   that  additional   funding   for  CCIU  could  increase   the                                                      
manpower   of the  unit,  which   is sorely   needed  to  solve  the  cold                                                      
cases.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS  expressed   his desire   to secure   more  funding  and                                                      
asked   Captain   Hanson   for  a  recommended    number   of  additional                                                       
staff.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
CAPTAIN   HANSON  replied   that   before  the   unit  was  disbanded   in                                                      
2015,  there  were  four  investigators    positioned   around  the  state                                                      
who  stayed  busy   working  cases.    He  offered   that  when  the  unit                                                      
disbanded,   much  of the  work  stopped   because  ABI  staff  had  other                                                      
responsibilities.       He  said   it  would   take  a   fair  number   of                                                      
investigators    a   significant    amount   of   time   to   effectively                                                       
address  the  cases  because   of the  complexity   of  the cases.    This                                                      
would  include   reviewing   the information,    locating  the  evidence,                                                       
and  putting   together   a  useful   investigative   packet   so  that  a                                                      
solved case is also a prosecutable case.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
3:55:06 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   KREISS-TOMKINS    asked   for  a   summary   history   of  CCIU                                                      
within ABI and staffing levels over time.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
CAPTAIN  HANSON  responded   that  the  inception  of  CCIU  was in  2002.                                                      
Since  inception,   it has  arrested   11 individuals   for  first  degree                                                      
murder   -  one  on  federal   charges   relating   to  the  trans-Alaska                                                       
pipeline   bombing   and   13  additional   cases.     He  said   that  he                                                      
doesn't  recollect   any  more  than  four  or  five  people  at  any  one                                                      
time  being   assigned  to  CCIU;   staffing  level   has  been  at  zero.                                                      
When  CCIU  was functioning   -  as it  is now  - staff  has  been  as few                                                      
as   one.      He   maintained    that    CCIU   does   not    just   need                                                      
investigators;    some   of  the   older  cases   -  before   any   easily                                                      
searchable    reporting   system    -  consist   of   boxes   of   "sticky                                                      
notes,"    Alaska    Public   Safety    Information     Network    (APSIN)                                                      
printouts,   and typed  or  hand-written   notes  that  must  be compiled                                                       
into   a   useable    police    report.       There    is   a   need   for                                                      
administrative   personnel   to  compile  the  records  that  are  useable                                                      
to  investigators.      He  maintained   that  Mr.   McPherron   has  done                                                      
excellent   work,   such  as  on  the  recently   solved   Sophie   Sergie                                                      
murder  case   [1993  sexual  assault   and  murder  in  Fairbanks];   the                                                      
case  was   solved  through   new   technology   and  with   the  help  of                                                      
Maine   state   police.     He   maintained   that   solving   this   case                                                      
involved   one  investigator    working   one  case   for  eight   months,                                                      
which   demonstrates    the  level   of  complexity    of  the   case  and                                                      
involvement of the investigator.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:00:08 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR     KREISS-TOMKINS     asked    whether     there    is    active                                                      
investigation    in  the   Jade   Williams   case   [8/15/17   suspicious                                                       
death in Kake].                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
CAPTAIN   HANSON  answered   that  he  cannot   discuss   details  of  the                                                      
case;  however,   in  general,   any  case  that   is  still  open  -  one                                                      
involving   an unsolved   or unresolved   murder  or  suspicious  death  -                                                      
DPS is still investigating.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS   asked   for  the   ideal  ratio   of   administrative                                                       
staff to cold case investigators.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
CAPTAIN    HANSON    responded    that    one    administrative     person                                                      
supporting   two  to  four  cold  case  investigators    is a  reasonable                                                       
ratio.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:03:02 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CAPTAIN   MICHAEL    DUXBURY,   Deputy   Commissioner,     Department   of                                                      
Public   Safety    (DPS),   testified    that   there   is   a  need   for                                                      
additional   staff  in  CCIU.    He offered   that  DPS  works  cases  and                                                      
provides   the  best  possible   services  regardless    of the  location                                                       
of  the event   or demographic   of  the  victim;  however,   the work  is                                                      
inhibited   by  budget   constraints.     He  reiterated    that  a  great                                                      
deal    of   time    and    energy    is   required     for   cold    case                                                      
investigations;    in  addition  to  the  time  Mr.  McPherron   spent  on                                                      
the  Sophie   Sergie  case,   five  different   troopers   put  time  into                                                      
the  case  consistently   over  the  years.    No  cold  case  languishes                                                       
if  there  is  any  opportunity   to  further  investigate.     He  stated                                                      
that   DPS  still   gets   tips  on   20-  and   30-year-old   cases   and                                                      
reopens   them.    He explained   that   the  problem  cannot   be  solved                                                      
with  money  alone;  the  individuals   must be  available   to hire.   He                                                      
expressed   the  satisfaction    of solving   a  case  and  bringing   the                                                      
family  closure   and  justice.     He emphasized    that  in  the  Sophie                                                      
Sergie   case,   "we  never   let  it  go,   never   erased  it   off  our                                                      
plate."    He maintained   that  similarly  the  Jade  Williams  case  has                                                      
never   been   set   aside.      He   lamented   the   misunderstandings                                                        
reported   by  Mr.  Jackson   but  offered  that   DPS  must  communicate                                                       
within   the  parameters    of  the   constitution.      He  said,   "It's                                                      
heartbreaking   for  us  to sit  here  and  learn  that  somebody   thinks                                                      
that  it  doesn't  mean  something   to  us  ...."   He  maintained   that                                                      
everyone  on  the  investigative   team  takes  seriously   custodianship                                                       
over  the  responsibility    it has  been  given.    He  reiterated   that                                                      
the  unit   could  use   more  people   and  more  assistance    from  the                                                      
public;    nevertheless,     it   uses    every   means    available    to                                                      
accomplish the task.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
4:08:40 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    WOOL   complemented   those   who  solved   the   Sophie                                                      
Sergie case.  He asked when a case becomes a cold case.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
4:09:35 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
RANDY  MCPHERRON,    Alaska  State  Troopers,   relayed   his  background                                                       
with  DPS   and  stated   that  he   returned   to  CCIU  in  2013   after                                                      
retirement.    The  unit  was disbanded   in 2015;  in  2017  he rejoined                                                       
it.                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS   reiterated  the  question,   When  does a  case  become                                                      
a cold case?                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MCPHERRON   responded   that   it  depends  on  the   circumstances;                                                       
however,   it  is essentially    when  all  leads  have  been  exhausted,                                                       
interviews   have  been  performed,   evidence  has  been  analyzed,   and                                                      
no conclusive results have been produced.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   KREISS-TOMKINS     asked  whether    there  is   anything   the                                                      
legislature   can  do  to  empower  CCIU  above  and  beyond   the  issues                                                      
of resources - funding and staffing.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR.   MCPHERRON   stated   that   CCIU   needs   more  people   and   more                                                      
funding  for  testing.    He  mentioned  that  the  new  evidence   in the                                                      
Sophie  Sergie  case  was  discovered   through  a new  deoxyribonucleic                                                        
acid  (DNA)   analysis;   testing   the  samples   and  developing   leads                                                      
cost  money.    Not   just  investigative   personnel   are  needed,   but                                                      
administrative    personnel   as well.    He  emphasized   the  extensive                                                       
work  needed   to  organize   a  case   and  to  organize    and  write  a                                                      
report;  some   cases  go back   to the  1960s  and  1970s   during  three                                                      
different   computer   systems,  out-of-date   report   writing  systems,                                                       
and  technology   changes.    An  investigator   must  keep  up  with  the                                                      
technology   changes   and  look  for  tie-ins   to  current  cases.    He                                                      
also  mentors  current   investigators   to  pass  on  his knowledge   and                                                      
experience.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
4:13:49 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   KREISS-TOMKINS    asked   for  a   description   of   types  of                                                      
tests   that   are    emerging   tools    for   investigation    and   how                                                      
inadequate   resources   could   be  a  barrier   to  the  use   of  those                                                      
tests.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MCPHERRON   answered  that   forensic  DNA  started   to be  used  in                                                      
the  late 1990s  and  early  2000s.   The  unit  was  able to  get  a full                                                      
DNA  profile   of the  suspect   in  the  Sophie  Sergie   case  in  2000,                                                      
but  because  the  national   DNA  database   did  not  have  the  suspect                                                      
in  it,  the  case  languished.     Genetic   genealogy   emerged  in  the                                                      
last  year  and   a half;   it  is a  different   type  of  DNA  profile.                                                       
Forensic   DNA  profile   is   called  a  short   tandem   repeats   (STR)                                                      
profile,   which    is  a   genetic   fingerprint    of  an   individual.                                                       
Genetic   genealogy   uses   a  single-nucleotide    polymorphism    (SNP)                                                      
profile,   which  is  a blueprint   of  an  individual;   it  reveals  all                                                      
the  genetic   information   that  an  individual   shares  with   his/her                                                      
ancestors.     Comparisons    of  genealogy   databases   have  generated                                                       
new  leads  in  cold  cases.    It  was  through   this  method  that  the                                                      
unit was able to identify the suspect and make an arrest.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    FIELDS  posed   a question   for  DPS:    What  are  the                                                      
issues  related  to  data  tracking,   including  on  race  or ethnicity,                                                       
and  how   does   data  tracking   impact   DPS's   ability   to   address                                                      
missing    and  murdered    indigenous    women,   including    potential                                                       
patterns in unsolved homicides?                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    WOOL  asked  whether   funding  is  a  limiting   factor                                                      
for  testing  all  the  DNA  samples   and  comparing   them  to national                                                       
databases.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MCPHERRON  responded,   no.   He  said  that  there  is  funding  for                                                      
testing    and   cases   are    being   worked    through   the    process                                                      
described.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
               HB  28-EQUAL PAY & MINIMUM WAGE ACT                                                                          
                                                                                                                              
4:18:50 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS   announced  that  the  final  order  of business   would                                                      
be  HOUSE   BILL  NO.   28,  "An  Act   relating   to  an  annual   report                                                      
concerning    the   payment   of   equal   pay   for   comparable    work;                                                      
increasing   the   minimum   wage;   and  providing    for  an  effective                                                       
date."                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:19:59 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ANDREW   BEANE,   Vice  President,   Service   Employees    International                                                       
Union   (SEIU)   775,   relayed   that   SEIU   775  is   a  labor   union                                                      
representing   45,000  homecare   and nursing   home  workers  across  the                                                      
states  of  Washington  and  Montana.    He offered   that after  the  $15                                                      
minimum   wage    law  was   passed    at  Seattle-Tacoma     ("Sea-Tac")                                                       
International      Airport   in   2013  and   in  Seattle   in   2014,  he                                                      
directed  an  organization   called  "Working   Washington"   to organize                                                       
airport   and  fast  food   workers  regarding   the   demand  for  a  $15                                                      
minimum wage.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR.   BEANE   began   his   PowerPoint   presentation,     entitled   "$15                                                      
Minimum   Wage   in   Seattle."      Turning    to   slide   2,  entitled                                                       
"Overview   of  Seattle   Minimum   Wage,"   he  said  that  the   Seattle                                                      
minimum  wage  law  was the  first  in  the country   to pass;  there  was                                                      
broad  demand   from  the  public.    There  was  a  faster   phase-in  of                                                      
the  law for  large  employers   - those  with  over  500 employees   - to                                                      
achieve  the  $15  minimum   wage  by  2017  and  a slower   phase-in  for                                                      
smaller employers.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE   relayed   the  information   on  slide   3,  entitled   "Dire                                                      
Predictions about the Minimum Wage," which read:                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
         • Tom Douglas, operator of 15 high-end restaurants                                                                     
           in Seattle, predicted that the proposed minimum                                                                      
           wage would cause the city to "lose maybe a                                                                           
           quarter of the restaurants in town."                                                                                 
         • North American Association of Subway Franchises                                                                      
           said,     This   ordinance     means   that   franchises                                                             
           cannot   compete    in  the   Seattle   marketplace   and                                                            
           many   franchise    small  businesses    will   cease   to                                                           
           exist."                                                                                                              
         • Andrew Friedman, proprietor of Liberty Bar, said,                                                                    
           "Local independent businesses will close, many of                                                                    
           your neighbors will be out of work."                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE   described   the  reality   of  what  actually   occurred   as                                                      
shown  on  slide   5,  entitled   "Seattle's   Booming   Economy,"   which                                                      
read:                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
         • Forbes ranked Seattle #1 "Best Place for                                                                             
           Business" in 2018                                                                                                    
         • Unemployment in Seattle going down                                                                                   
              • In 2019, Seattle unemployment 3.3%, compared                                                                    
                 to 3.8% nationally                                                                                             
         • Economy in Seattle growing                                                                                           
              • From 2014-2019, average annual job growth of                                                                    
                 2.7% and income growth of 4.7%                                                                                 
         • In 2019, Seattle 3rd in the nation for small                                                                         
           business growth                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS  asked  whether   an  income  growth   of almost   twice                                                      
that of job growth is higher than the national performance.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MR. BEANE replied that he didn't know.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    WOOL  asked   whether   Mr.  Beane   is  implying   that                                                      
Seattle  raising   the  minimum  wage  and  having  a good  economy   is a                                                      
"cause and effect" relationship.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE  stated  that  he is  not implying   that  but is  saying  that                                                      
a city can raise the minimum wage and have a booming economy.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:24:04 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.   BEANE    commented    on   Seattle's    restaurant    industry    by                                                      
reviewing   slide  6, entitled   "Restaurant   Industry  Growing;   Prices                                                      
Stable," which read:                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
         • Seattle Times study of restaurants in 2017-2018                                                                      
              • 652 restaurants opened, 156 closed                                                                              
              • Net gain of 496 restaurants                                                                                     
         • University of Washington longitudinal study of                                                                       
           food prices in local supermarkets                                                                                    
              • No significant evidence of price increases                                                                      
                 associated with the minimum wage ordinance                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MR.   BEANE  provided    information    from  slide   7,   entitled   "Job                                                      
Growth in Food Service," which read:                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
         • Food prep and service make up 66% of low-wage                                                                        
           work in Seattle                                                                                                      
         • Steady   increase     in    Seattle     food    service                                                              
           employment: 27,300 new food service jobs created                                                                     
           in 2018                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE  added  that  since   the  minimum  wage  was  enacted,   there                                                      
has  been  competition    for  food  service   workers  in  Seattle,   and                                                      
some  of the  other  cities  have  raised  their  wages  to  compete  with                                                      
Seattle.    He  reiterated  that  he  is  not saying   that  these  things                                                      
occurred    because   of   the   minimum   wage   but   that   the   worst                                                      
predictions did not occur.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE   reviewed   the  results   of  a  University   of  Washington                                                       
study,   displayed   on  slide  9,  entitled   "Study   1:  Workers   Earn                                                      
More and Keep their Jobs," which read in part as follows:                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
         • University of Washington study of low-wage                                                                           
           workers in Seattle                                                                                                   
              • Workers take home more money                                                                                    
                    • Earnings increases were higher among                                                                      
                       more experienced workers                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE  added   that  an  initial  study   was  done  which  showed  a                                                      
decline  in  workers'   hours  resulting   in them  losing   money;  these                                                      
results   were  reported   in  the  media;  a  subsequent   study   showed                                                      
the  results    to  be  erroneous    and  that   workers   were  actually                                                       
taking  home  more   money  overall.    Earnings   were  higher  for  more                                                      
experienced    workers  who   worked   the  same   hours  but   made  more                                                      
money;  hours  may  have  decreased   for  some  part-time   workers,  but                                                      
they made more money for fewer hours.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS   asked   about   the  high-profile    study   that  Mr.                                                      
Beane  cited.    Representative    Fields  said  that  he  recalled   that                                                      
it  was   released   prior   to  peer   review.     He   asked  what   the                                                      
methodological flaws were with the study.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR.   BEANE  responded    that  part   of  the   problem   was   that  the                                                      
researchers   could  only  consider   a small  subset   of the  workforce                                                       
-  about  40 percent   -  because  they  could  only  look  at  a  certain                                                      
size  business  over  time.   When  they  repeated  the  study,  they  had                                                      
a completely different finding.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    HOPKINS   asked  what   the  people   who  opposed   the                                                      
minimum  wage  are  now  saying  about  the  impact  on  the  economy  [of                                                      
Seattle].                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR.   BEANE  replied    that  the   restaurant    owners   have  adjusted                                                       
restaurant    management   to   accommodate   the   minimum   wage.     He                                                      
continued with slide 9, which read:                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
           • Workers are not losing their jobs                                                                                  
                 • Workers experienced no significant decline                                                                   
                    in their likelihood of being employed                                                                       
           • Workers are less likely to job hop                                                                                 
                 • Minimum wage increase was associated with                                                                    
                    an 8% reduction in turnover rates                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
4:29:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE  described   a  second  study  shown  on  slide  10,  entitled                                                       
"Study 2 Food Service Workers Paid More," which read:                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
      Berkeley study of Seattle food service and restaurant                                                                     
      workers                                                                                                                   
         • Wages increased, especially in businesses without                                                                    
           tips                                                                                                                 
              • Biggest wage gains were in limited-service/                                                                     
                 fast food restaurants                                                                                          
         • Workers are not losing their jobs                                                                                    
              • Employment remained stable, even in fast                                                                        
                 food franchises that predicted disemployment                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE  relayed   additional  statistics   from  slide   11, entitled                                                       
"Higher   Minimum   Wages  Improve   Race   and  Gender   Equity,"   which                                                      
read:                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
         • Before the minimum wage ordinance in Seattle:                                                                        
              • 40% of Black, API and Latino workers made <                                                                     
              $15, compared to 25% of white workers                                                                             
              • 34% of women made < $15, compared to 27% of                                                                     
                 men                                                                                                            
         • In states with low minimum wages, the gender pay                                                                     
           gap is 25% wider                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE   gave  examples   of  the  gender  pay  gap   in two   states:                                                      
Wyoming  has  a  minimum  wage  of  $7.25  and  a  woman  makes  $.64  for                                                      
every  $1  a man  makes;  New  York  has  a  minimum  wage  of  $15  and a                                                      
woman makes $.89 for every $1 a man makes.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR.   BEANE   continued   by   discussing    the   relationship    between                                                      
minimum   wage  and  the   economy.    He  mentioned    the  "middle-out"                                                       
theory   of  economics,   which  maintains   that   if  low-wage   workers                                                      
have  more  money,   they  will  spend  it  in  local  businesses   which,                                                      
in  turn,   spurs  the   economy.    He   reviewed   the  information   on                                                      
slide   12,   entitled    "Higher   Minimum    Wages   Improve   Economic                                                       
Equality and Prosperity," which read:                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
      Higher minimum wages:                                                                                                     
         • Increase consumer spending and spur investment in                                                                    
           the economy                                                                                                          
              • Low-wage workers are more likely than others                                                                    
                 to spend extra earnings immediately on                                                                         
                 previously unaffordable goods and services                                                                     
              • A $2.55 increase in federal minimum wage                                                                        
                 would:                                                                                                         
                    • Increase earnings of low-wage workers                                                                     
                       by $40 billion                                                                                           
                    • Increase economic activity by $25                                                                         
                       billion                                                                                                  
                    • Generate 100,000 new jobs                                                                                 
         • Reduce income inequality                                                                                             
              • For each $1 increase in minimum wages, 0.3%                                                                     
                 of income redistributed from top to bottom                                                                     
                 quartiles                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE   referred   to  slide   13,  entitled   "Cities   and   States                                                      
Adopting   $15  Minimum  Wage,"   to point   out the  cities   and  states                                                      
that  have   passed  a  $15  minimum   wage  since   Seattle   passed  the                                                      
minimum   wage.     He  added   that  there   is  now  proposed    federal                                                      
legislation   to  enact  a  $15  minimum   wage.    It is  believed   that                                                      
there  are  about   21  million  workers   on  a  path  to  having  a  $15                                                      
minimum   wage.    The  cities   are:    Flagstaff,   Arizona;   Belmont,                                                       
Cupertino,   El  Cerrito,   Los  Angeles,   Mountain   View,   Palo  Alto,                                                      
Redwood,   Richmond,   San   Francisco,   San  Jose,   San  Mateo,   Santa                                                      
Clara,  and  Sunnyvale   -  in  California;   Minneapolis   and  St.  Paul                                                      
in  Minnesota;   Greensboro,    New  York  City,   and  Syracuse   in  New                                                      
York;  Greensboro,   North   Carolina;   Portland,  Oregon;   Pittsburgh,                                                       
Pennsylvania;     and    SeaTac,    Washington.        The   states    are                                                      
California,   Massachusetts,   New  Jersey,  New  York,  and  Washington,                                                       
D.C.                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE  pointed   out  the  companies  that  have   seen  the  minimum                                                      
wage  as  a  positive  development,   as  shown  on  slide  14,  entitled                                                       
"Companies Adopting $15/Hour Minimum Wage," which read:                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
         • Ben & Jerry's: $16.92                                                                                                
         • J.P. Morgan Chase & Co: $16.40                                                                                       
         • Aetna: $16                                                                                                           
         • Amazon: $15 for 350,000 full-time, part-time,                                                                        
           temporary and seasonal employees                                                                                     
         • Charter Communications: $15                                                                                          
         • Costco: $15 for 245,000 employees in U.S. and                                                                        
           Canada                                                                                                               
         • Facebook: $15 for contractors                                                                                        
         • Nationwide Mutual Insurance: $15                                                                                     
         • University of California: $15                                                                                        
         • Walt Disney theme parks: $15                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR    KREISS-TOMKINS    asked    which   of   the   listed    states                                                      
currently have an effective $15 minimum wage.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE   expressed   his   belief  that   every   state  [listed]   is                                                      
phasing it in gradually.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    WOOL  stated   that   he  supports   a  higher   minimum                                                      
wage  in theory.    He suggested   that  many  of the  states  and  cities                                                      
that   have  adopted   the  minimum   wage   are  places   in  which   the                                                      
economies   are  booming.    The  companies   listed  [on  slide  14]  can                                                      
well  afford  it.    He  mentioned   that  small  businesses   or  regions                                                      
with  depressed  economies   - "middle   America"  -  may not  be able  to                                                      
absorb the payroll increase.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
4:35:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE  responded   that  in  Seattle,   the  small  businesses   were                                                      
given   more  time   to  adjust.     He  mentioned    a  study   in  South                                                      
Dakota,   which  is  a  struggling   rural  economy,   and  there  was  no                                                      
net decrease in employment after raising the minimum wage.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    HOPKINS   suggested   that  the  impacts   to  roadside                                                       
restaurants   could   be  looked   at  in  northern   New  York,   because                                                      
that region can be quite rural.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS   added  that  there  are rural  regions   of California                                                       
that   are    demographically     like   Alaska    in   terms    of   high                                                      
unemployment and low wages.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE   offered   three  stories   depicting   people   whose   lives                                                      
were  impacted  by  the  minimum  wage  law,  shown  on  slide  15,  which                                                      
read:                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
      Erin,  barista  for  Compass  Group:  Erin  lives  30  minutes                                                            
      outside  Seattle   to  afford   rent  and  struggled   to  pay                                                            
      bills.  Since   the  minimum   wage  increase,   she  can  pay                                                            
      bills and afford occasional date nights.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
      Anthony,  print   shop  attendant  at  Starbucks   HQ:  Before                                                            
      the  minimum  wage  ordinance,   he  moved  in with  a  friend                                                            
      to  avoid   homelessness.    Now   he  can   afford   his  own                                                            
      place.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
      Darryl,  home  care  worker:  "Now  I have  more  food  at the                                                            
      end  of the  month,  and  I'm  not  trying  to  stretch  those                                                            
      groceries   for  a  week  and  a  half.  I'm  feeding   myself                                                            
      better."                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   STORY   referred  to  the  chart  on  slide  2, entitled                                                       
"Seattle's    Minimum   Wage,"    and   pointed   out   that   the   small                                                      
employers   are  in   a  phase-in   period;  and   the  study   Mr.  Beane                                                      
cited   included   the  large   employers,    which   have  had   the  $15                                                      
minimum   wage   since   2018.    She   asked   for  citations    for  the                                                      
studies that Mr. Beane referenced and the sample sizes.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR.   BEANE   said  that   he   could  provide    the  citations.      The                                                      
University   of Washington   study  was  performed  in  October  2018  and                                                      
the  Berkeley  study  was  performed  in  June  2017.   At that  time  the                                                      
minimum wages were approaching $15 or slightly less.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    STORY  asked   for  confirmation   that   the  study  of                                                      
large  employers   runs  from  January   to  October  2018  when  the  $15                                                      
minimum  wage   was in  effect.    The  rest  of  the  chart  [2015-2017]                                                       
shows the phase-in of the wage increase.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MR. BEANE concurred.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    WOOL  asked  Mr.  Beane  if  he  has  seen  restaurants                                                       
moving   away   from   tipping   in   response   to   the   minimum   wage                                                      
increase  -  in other  words  -  informing  the  public  that  they  don't                                                      
except  tips,   but there   is a  percentage   increase   in the  cost  of                                                      
the  meal  due  to  paying   higher  wages.    He  said   that  there  has                                                      
already been a trend in that direction.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE  mentioned   that  many  of  the  restaurants   that  moved  in                                                      
that  direction   are going   back  to tipping   due to  competition   for                                                      
service  industry   employees;   the employees   wanted  tipping   because                                                      
they  made   more  money.     He  maintained   that  the  job   market  in                                                      
Seattle is very tight.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    WOOL  offered  that  eliminating   tipping   only  works                                                      
if all the restaurants participate.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   FIELDS  stated  that  in  Alaska,  tipped   employees  are  not                                                      
exempt  from  the  minimum  wage;  Alaska   has  a $10  minimum  wage  and                                                      
employees   earn  tips   in  addition.    He  asked   whether   there  are                                                      
other  states   who  have  adopted   a  $15  minimum   wage  that  do  not                                                      
exempt tipped employees from the minimum wage.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BEANE  answered   yes,  California  and  Washington.     In Seattle,                                                       
an  employer  must  pay  the  state  minimum   wage  of  $13.50  and  "can                                                      
tip  above  it  to  [$15]."    He  confirmed   for  Representative    Wool                                                      
that  of  the  states  and  cities  [with   the $15  minimum   wage]  some                                                      
have  tipped   employee   exemptions.     He  added  that  generally   the                                                      
states  on  the  West  Coast  do not  have  the  exemptions,   and  states                                                      
on the East Coast do.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
4:41:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ANNA  GODOEY,   Research   Economist,   Center  on  Wage  and  Employment                                                       
(CWED),    University    of   California,    Berkeley,    presented    key                                                      
findings   from  two  recent   studies  with  the  use  of  a  PowerPoint                                                       
presentation,    entitled   "Downstream    effects   of   higher   minimum                                                      
wages."    She  referred  to  slide  2  and  relayed  that  in  the  U.S.,                                                      
there  is  substantial   variation   in  state  and  local  minimum   wage                                                      
policies,   especially   in  the  past   20  years;  there   has  been  an                                                      
uptick   in  the  number   of  states  that   have  implemented    minimum                                                      
wages   well    above   the   federal    level   of   $7.25    per   hour.                                                      
Researchers   have  examined  the  effect  of  minimum  wage  policies  on                                                      
labor  demand   and  whether  employers   respond   to the  higher   wages                                                      
by  hiring  fewer  workers  or  cutting  back  hours.    She  stated  that                                                      
the  studies   she  will   present  move   beyond   the  narrow  economic                                                       
outcomes  to  look  at the  downstream   effects  of  minimum  wages:   1)                                                      
the  effects  of  the  minimum  wage  on  suicides;  and  2)  the  effects                                                      
of the minimum wage on parental labor supply and child poverty.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY  turned   to slide   3 to  cite  the  first  study,  entitled                                                       
"Can  Economic   Policies   Reduce  Deaths   of  Despair."     She  stated                                                      
that   the   first   study   was  prompted    by   troubling   trends   in                                                      
mortality   of  less  educated  Americans.     For  the first   time  in a                                                      
hundred   years,  life  expectancy   of  Americans   was  declining,   and                                                      
the  decline   was  driven  primarily   by  the  increased  deaths   rates                                                      
from  alcohol,   drugs,  and  suicide.    The  increase   was  especially                                                       
large   among   Americans   without   a  college   degree.     The   study                                                      
sought  to  determine   whether  economic   policies   aimed  at low-wage                                                       
workers  could   make  a difference;   one  of  the  policies  considered                                                       
was minimum wage.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY  moved  on  to slide   4 and  relayed  that  the  researchers                                                       
used  data   from  the  Centers   for  Disease  Control   and  Prevention                                                       
(CDC)  on  all  deaths   from  1999   through  2015.    They   found  that                                                      
neither   policy  -  earned   income   tax  credit   (EITC)  nor   minimum                                                      
wage  -  had any  effect   on drug-related   deaths;   however,  economic                                                       
policies   significantly   affected   the  number  of  deaths   from  non-                                                      
drug suicides.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY  referred   to  the  graphs  on  slide  5,  which  summarized                                                       
the  key findings:    the  number  of  suicides  among  Americans   with a                                                      
high  school   education   or  less   changed   about  the   time  of  the                                                      
policy  changes.    She  explained   that  the graph  on  the  right  side                                                      
of  slide  5  shows  the  effects   of  a  10  percent  increase   in  the                                                      
minimum   wage;  in  the year   when  the  minimum  wage  increased,   the                                                      
number   of  suicides   dropped   significantly.      She  mentioned   the                                                      
concern   for   spurious   correlations:      in   states   with   booming                                                      
economies   that  implement    higher  minimum   wages,   it  may  be  the                                                      
booming   economy  that  is  correlated   with  improved   mental   health                                                      
and  not  the  policy.    She   pointed  out  from   the  graph,  that  is                                                      
unlikely,   due   to  the   suddenness   of   the  decrease   in   suicide                                                      
rates.   The  trend  in  the graph  indicates   that  it is  the economic                                                       
policy driving the reduction in suicides.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:45:54 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY  referred   to slide  6  and  stated  that  on average,   a 10                                                      
percent  increase   in  minimum  wage  reduced   the number   of suicides                                                       
by  3.6  percent   among  adults   without  college   degrees;   over  the                                                      
study   period,  that   corresponds   to  a  reduction   in  suicides   of                                                      
about 480 lives per year.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY   turned   to  slide  7  to   introduce   the  second   study,                                                      
entitled   "Parental   Labor   Supply:     Evidence   From  Minimum   Wage                                                      
Changes."     This  study   analyzed  the   impact  of  minimum   wage  on                                                      
families   with  young  children.    She  said   that  the  stereotypical                                                       
minimum   wage   worker   is  a   teenager   who   works   part-time   for                                                      
spending    money;    however,    the   minimum    wage    workforce    is                                                      
remarkably   diverse.    Many minimum   wage  workers  have  children  and                                                      
are  working   to  support  their   families.    The  estimate   used  for                                                      
the  study  is that  around  30  percent  of  minimum  wage  workers  have                                                      
minor   children.      Parents   with  children    face   very  different                                                       
circumstances   and  barriers   than  adult  without   children,  such  as                                                      
the  cost  of childcare.     She added  that  the  researchers   used  the                                                      
current population survey, which is the labor force survey.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY  moved  on  to slide  8  to relay   the key  findings   of the                                                      
study,  which  are:   higher  minimum   wages  increased  the  employment                                                       
rates   of  parents   and  the   hours  worked;   higher   minimum   wages                                                      
reduced   the  probability   that  low  income  families   would   receive                                                      
income  from   public  assistance   or  welfare.    She  maintained   that                                                      
the  findings   suggest  that   higher  minimum   wages  play  a  role  in                                                      
shifting   the  poorest   families   off   cash  welfare   and   into  the                                                      
labor   force.    For   single   mothers,   the  greatest   effects   were                                                      
among  mothers   of  preschool   age  children  suggesting    that  higher                                                      
minimum   wages   allow   these  women   to   overcome   the  barrier   of                                                      
childcare costs.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS.   GODOEY   continued    by  saying   that   the   increases    in  the                                                      
employment    wages    of   parents    have   significant    effects    on                                                      
children.     For   children   whose   mothers   did  not   have   college                                                      
educations,   a  10  percent   increase   in  the  minimum  wage   reduced                                                      
poverty  by  just  under  6 percent;   for children   of single  mothers,                                                       
the   reduction   was   11   percent;   for   preschool    age  children,                                                       
poverty   was down   9.7 percent.     She  maintained   that  the  results                                                      
are   important    because    they   are   so   well   established    with                                                      
literature   linking  childhood   poverty  to  worse  outcomes.   For  low                                                      
income  families,   raising  family   incomes  has  been  found  to  raise                                                      
[children's]    test  scores,   improved   health,   and   even  improved                                                       
economic    self-sufficiency      among    women.       She   said    that                                                      
additionally    there  is  evidence   suggesting   that   children   whose                                                      
parents   are   on   welfare    themselves   have   a   higher   risk   of                                                      
receiving    public   assistance    as   adults.      She   offered   that                                                      
findings   that  higher   minimum   wages  reduce   welfare  receipt   and                                                      
child  poverty   point  to  the   potential   dynamic  effect   of  higher                                                      
minimum  wages;  increasing   wages  today  could  have  a  future  payoff                                                      
of    improved     educational     outcomes     and    economic     health                                                      
sufficiency.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY   concluded   that   the  two  studies,   as  well   as  other                                                      
studies    ongoing    across    the   country,    point    to   important                                                       
downstream   effects   of minimum   wages  that  go  well  beyond   narrow                                                      
economic outcomes like employment and wages.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
4:49:43 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS   asked  Ms. Godoey   to specify  the  welfare  programs                                                       
to which she referred.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY  answered   that  the  programs  were  Temporary   Assistance                                                       
for  Needy   Families   (TANF)  and   Aid  to  Families   with  Dependent                                                       
Children (AFDC).                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS   asked  for a  scenario  that  includes  a  region  most                                                      
demographically     analogous   to   Alaska   that   has   implemented   a                                                      
higher minimum wage.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY  replied  that  she  didn't   have  a good  answer;  however,                                                       
she  mentioned  that  she  has  information  on  other  states  and  would                                                      
provide it to the committee.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE     STORY   asked   about   the   sample   sizes   in   the                                                      
studies.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY   responded   that  for  the  mortality   study,   the  sample                                                      
consisted   of   all  U.S.   deaths   from  1999-2017    minus   the  four                                                      
states  that  do  not provide  education   data  on the  death  records  -                                                      
46  states  plus  Washington,  D.C.    For the  "Parental   Labor  Supply"                                                      
paper,   the  study  population    was  from  the   labor  force   survey;                                                      
therefore,    the  sample   size   is   large   -  in  the   hundreds   of                                                      
thousands.    The  sample  of  parents  with  high  school   education  or                                                      
less  since   1980  consisted   of  280,000  observations;    eliminating                                                       
anyone  earning   $15  per  hour  measured   in  2016  dollars,  resulted                                                       
in 125,000 observations.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE     STORY   asked   for   the   standard   error   of   the                                                      
estimates.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GODOEY   answered   that   she  could  provide   that   information;                                                       
however,   she  offered   that  all   the  effects   that  she  discussed                                                       
were significant at the 5 percent level or better.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
4:53:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    GERAN  TARR,   Alaska   State  Legislature,    as  prime                                                      
sponsor   of  HB  28,  presented   the  proposed   legislation   with  the                                                      
use  of   a  PowerPoint   presentation,    entitled   "House   Bill  28  -                                                      
Equal   Pay  &  Minimum   Wage."    She  referred   to   slide  2  of  the                                                      
presentation,   entitled   "Top  5  Myths  About   Minimum  Wage,"   which                                                      
read:                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
         head2right Myth 1 - History of Minimum Wage                                                                            
         head2right Myth 2 - Who is the Minimum Wage Worker?                                                                    
         head2right Myth 3 - Increasing Wages Harms the Economy                                                                 
         head2right Myth 4  Has to be One Size Fits All                                                                         
         head2right Myth 5  Leads to Job Loss                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
         head2right Moving towards evolution of a system                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    TARR  turned   to  slide  3,  entitled   "2019   Minimum                                                      
Wage in Alaska," which read:                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
         head2right 2014 Ballot Initiative raised minimum wage from                                                             
           $7.75 to $8.75 on January 1, 2015, then again to                                                                     
           $9.75 per hour on January 1, 2016                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
           head2right Added an annual inflation adjustment to remain                                                            
              $1.00 higher than federal minimum wage                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
           head2right Tips do not count toward minimum wage                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
         head2right Passed by 69% of the vote                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    TARR  added   that  the  minimum   wage   in  Alaska  is                                                      
annually   adjusted  with  inflation:    the  2017  wage  was  $9.80;  the                                                      
2018  wage  was  $9.84;  and  the  2019  wage  was  $9.89.    She  offered                                                      
that  one  of  the  challenges   of  a down   economy  is  that  the  wage                                                      
adjustments   may  not be  at the  same  rate  as increases   in the  cost                                                      
of food, housing, and health care.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   TARR  moved  to  slide  4, entitled   "Myth  1 -  History                                                      
of Minimum Wage," which read:                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
         head2right 1938  President Roosevelt signs the Fair Labor                                                              
           Standards Act establishing minimum wage of 25                                                                        
           cents an hour to maintain a                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
                 "minimum standard of living necessary for                                                                      
                 health, efficiency, and general well-being."                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    TARR  continued   with   slide  5,  entitled   "Minimum                                                       
Wage  Increases   Over  the  Years,"   to  point  out  that   even  though                                                      
wages  have  increased   over  the  years   from  1938-2009,   when  wages                                                      
are   adjusted   to  2014   dollars,    buying   power   has  not   always                                                      
increased;    in   other   words,    wages   have   not   kept   up   with                                                      
inflation,   as shown  on  the graph  on  slide  6,  entitled  "Wages  and                                                      
Inflation."                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   TARR  moved  on  to  slide  7,  entitled  "Myth  2  - Who                                                      
is  the Minimum   Wage Worker?"    She  relayed  the  information   on the                                                      
slide:     People   think   that   the   minimum   wage   worker   is  the                                                      
teenager   who lives  at  home  and  works  part-time   after  school  for                                                      
extra   spending   money.    The  reality   is  that   the  minimum   wage                                                      
worker's   average   age  is  35;   88  percent   are  20  or   older;  36                                                      
percent  are  40  or  older;  56  percent   are women;   28  percent  have                                                      
children;   and   on  average,   minimum   wage  workers   earn   half  of                                                      
their family's total income.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    TARR  referred   to the  information    in  the  sponsor                                                      
statement    to    relay   that    the   Massachusetts     Institute    of                                                      
Technology   (MIT)   performed   a study   to  establish   what  a  living                                                      
wage  is  for Alaska.    The  study  indicated   that  a living  wage  for                                                      
one  individual   is  $12.89  [per  hour],   which  is  $3 over  Alaska's                                                       
minimum  wage.    For  one  adult  and  one  child,  the  living  wage  is                                                      
$27.49,    which   she   maintained    demonstrates     the   significant                                                       
disparity between earnings and financial needs.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    TARR   turned   to   slide  8,   entitled   "Myth   3  -                                                      
Raising Wages Hurts the Economy," which read:                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
   head2right 18 other states increased minimum wages in 2019                                                                   
   head2right Eighteen states began the new year with higher minimum                                                            
      wages.                                                                                                                    
         head2right Eight states (Alaska,   Florida,     Minnesota,                                                             
           Montana, New Jersey, Ohio, South Dakota and                                                                          
           Vermont) automatically increased their rates                                                                         
           based on the cost of living                                                                                          
         head2right 10 states (Arizona,   Arkansas,     California,                                                             
           Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts Missouri, New                                                                         
           York, Rhode Island and Washington) increased                                                                         
           their     rates     due    to    previously      approved                                                            
           legislation or ballot initiatives.                                                                                   
         head2right Other states that will see rate increases during                                                            
           the 2019 calendar year include D.C., Delaware,                                                                       
           Michigan and Oregon (NCSL)                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    TARR  referred   to a  National   Conference   of  State                                                      
Legislatures    (NCSL)  report,   included   in  the  committee    packet,                                                      
which   further   details   the  minimum   wage   laws   enacted   in  the                                                      
various   states.    She  pointed  out  that   most  of  the  states  that                                                      
raised   their  minimum   wages   did  it  gradually   over   time.    She                                                      
mentioned   that  Missouri  passed   a minimum   wage  ballot  initiative                                                       
last  fall;   it  currently   has  a  minimum  wage   of  $8.60  and  will                                                      
increase   it to  $12  effective  1/1/23.    She  also  cited  Michigan's                                                       
minimum   wage  -  currently   at   $9.25  -  to  undergo   a  multi-year                                                       
increase   resulting  in  $12.05   by 2030.    She  added  that  the  cost                                                      
of living in both states is less than Alaska.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    TARR   stated   that  there   are   13  states   with  a                                                      
higher  minimum   wage  than  Alaska;  some  have  bigger  economies   and                                                      
have   a  higher   cost   of  living;   however,   some   do  not.     She                                                      
mentioned   that  Arizona   and  Maine  have  $11  minimum  wages;   these                                                      
two states are like Alaska in cost of living.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:59:29 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   TARR  referred   to slide  10,  entitled  "Myth  4  - Has                                                      
to be One Size Fits All," which read:                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
   head2right Current Alaska Law has many exemptions                                                                            
   head2right Alaska Wage and Hour Act requirements do not apply to                                                             
      any individual employed as follows:                                                                                       
         head2right In agriculture                                                                                              
         head2right In domestic service (babysitting) in a private                                                              
           home                                                                                                                 
         head2right Youth under age 18 employed part-time for not                                                               
           more than 30 hours a week                                                                                            
         head2right A person licensed and employed by a guide or                                                                
           master guide                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    TARR  moved   on  to  slide  11,  entitled   "Myth   5 -                                                      
Leads  to  Job Loss,"  and  cited  an  article,  entitled   "Argument  for                                                      
and  Against  the  $15 Minimum   Wage for  Health  Care  Workers"   [by J.                                                      
Paul  Leigh,   PhD,  American  Journal   of  Public  Health,   2019],  not                                                      
included   in the  committee   packet.    She  offered   that  the  health                                                      
care  industry   is  the   fastest  growing   industry   in  Alaska,   but                                                      
workers  tend  to  be  lower  wage  employees.    In  addressing  Myth  5,                                                      
she  relayed  the  research   findings  summarized   on  slide  11,  which                                                      
read:                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
   head2right Research does not support this                                                                                    
   head2right Could be that fewer new jobs, but employees in those                                                              
      jobs are paid more                                                                                                        
   head2right Research on health care workers accounted for this and                                                            
     showed that increasing wages would lead to a reduction                                                                     
      in poverty rates of 27%, not 50%                                                                                          
   head2right Demonstrating the difference between all workers                                                                  
      getting $15.00 and a reduced workforce getting $15.00                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   TARR  turned  to  slide  12,  entitled  "Evolution   of a                                                      
System," which read:                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
      Current                                                                                                                   
         head2right Workers work full-time, but still qualify for                                                               
           benefits                                                                                                             
         head2right Workers depend on government funded programs for                                                            
           healthcare, childcare, and food                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
      With Living Wages                                                                                                         
         head2right Workers work full-time and can afford to purchase                                                           
           healthcare, childcare, and food                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
      Researchers estimate that if the federal minimum wage                                                                     
      were raised from $7.25 to $10.10 per hour would save                                                                      
      $4.6 billion in food stamps                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    TARR  mentioned   the  economic   inefficiency   of  the                                                      
transfer   of  money   considering   the   cost  of  administering    such                                                      
programs.     She  stated   that  the  average   monthly   case  load  for                                                      
food  stamps   in  Alaska   for  FY   18  was  41,945;   for  the   Women,                                                      
Infants,   and  Children  (WIC)   program,  the  case  load   was  17,092;                                                      
11,358  individuals   participated   in  breastfeeding   counseling;   the                                                      
WIC   Farmers'    Market    Nutrition    Program    (FMNP)   had    10,000                                                      
participants;   and   there  were  203,000   Medicaid  recipients.     She                                                      
explained    that    all   these   programs    are   income-based;     she                                                      
advocated   for  a  system   that  supports   "the   dignity  that   comes                                                      
from people being paid a good wage for their hard work."                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS   posed  the questions:    Has  anyone  modeled   impacts                                                      
on  state   budgets   of   higher  wages   and   reduced   dependence   on                                                      
welfare and is such modeling possible?                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
[HB 28 was held over.]                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
5:04:10 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNMENT                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
There being no further business before the committee, the House                                                                 
State Affairs Standing Committee meeting was adjourned at 5:04                                                                  
p.m.                                                                                                                            

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
HB028 Version A 4.11.19.PDF HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HB028 Sponsor Statement 4.11.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HB028 Sectional Analysis 4.11.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HB028 Supporting Document - Letter of Support 1.28.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HB028 Supporting Document - Letter of Support 1.22.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HB028 Fiscal Note DOLWD-LMI 4.27.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HB028 Fiscal Note DOLWD-WH 4.26.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HB028 Fiscal Note OOG-HRC 4.26.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HR011 Sponsor Statement 5.9.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HR 11
HB028 Supporting Document - Anna Godoy Guest Presentation 5.9.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HB028 Supporting Document NCSL Minimum Wage Summary 5.10.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HB028 PowerPoint Presentation 5.10.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HB028 Supporting Document - Andrew Beane Guest Presentation 5.9.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 28
HR011 ver M 5.8.19.PDF HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HR 11
HR011 Supporting Document-City of Kake resolution 5.8.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HR 11
HR011 Supporting Document-OVK resolution 5.8.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HR 11
HR011 Fiscal Note 5.13.19.pdf HSTA 5/9/2019 3:00:00 PM
HR 11