Legislature(2017 - 2018)GRUENBERG 120

02/27/2018 03:15 PM STATE AFFAIRS

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Audio Topic
03:17:50 PM Start
03:19:50 PM Confirmation Hearing(s):
03:20:09 PM Lt. Governor Successor
03:37:08 PM HCR22
03:40:40 PM HJR38
04:20:50 PM HB184
05:25:06 PM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+ Confirmation Hearing: Valerie Davidson, Lt. TELECONFERENCED
Governor Successor
*+ HCR 22 APRIL 2018:SEXUAL ASSAULT AWARENESS MONTH TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
*+ HJR 38 AK RAILROAD TRANSFER ACT; CONVEYANCES TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
+= HB 184 DISCRIMINATION: GENDER ID.;SEXUAL ORIENT. TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Public Testimony --
*+ HJR 1 CONST. AM: REPEAL MARRIAGE SECTION TELECONFERENCED
Scheduled but Not Heard
-- Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
                      ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                
              HOUSE STATE AFFAIRS STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                          
                         February 27, 2018                                                                                      
                              3:17 p.m.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Representative Jonathan Kreiss-Tomkins, Chair                                                                                   
Representative Gabrielle LeDoux, Vice Chair                                                                                     
Representative Chris Tuck                                                                                                       
Representative  Adam Wool                                                                                                       
Representative  Chris Birch                                                                                                     
Representative DeLena Johnson                                                                                                   
Representative Gary Knopp                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Representative Andy Josephson (alternate)                                                                                       
Representative Chuck Kopp (alternate)                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                              
CONFIRMATION HEARING(S):                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Lt. Governor Successor                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Valerie Davidson - Juneau                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     - CONFIRMATION(S) ADVANCED                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION NO. 22                                                                                              
Proclaiming April 2018 as Sexual Assault Awareness Month.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 38                                                                                                   
Relating to certain conveyances to the Alaska Railroad                                                                          
Corporation under the Alaska Railroad Transfer Act of 1982.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 184                                                                                                              
"An Act adding to the powers and duties of the State Commission                                                                 
for Human Rights; and relating to and prohibiting discrimination                                                                
based on sexual orientation or gender identity or expression."                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 1                                                                                                    
Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the State of                                                                      
Alaska relating to marriage.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     - SCHEDULED BUT NOT HEARD                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                              
BILL: HCR 22                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: APRIL 2018:SEXUAL ASSAULT AWARENESS MONTH                                                                          
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) MILLETT                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
02/19/18        (H)        READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                      
02/19/18        (H)        STA, HSS                                                                                             
02/27/18        (H)        STA AT 3:15 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HJR 38                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: AK RAILROAD TRANSFER ACT; CONVEYANCES                                                                              
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) KOPP                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
02/21/18        (H)        READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                      
02/21/18        (H)        STA, JUD                                                                                             
02/27/18        (H)        STA AT 3:15 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 184                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: DISCRIMINATION: GENDER ID.;SEXUAL ORIENT.                                                                          
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) JOSEPHSON                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
03/17/17        (H)        READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                      
03/17/17        (H)        STA, JUD                                                                                             
05/04/17        (H)        STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                         
05/04/17        (H)        Heard & Held                                                                                         
05/04/17        (H)        MINUTE(STA)                                                                                          
02/27/18        (H)        STA AT 3:15 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
VALERIE DAVIDSON, Commissioner                                                                                                  
Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS)                                                                                 
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified as appointed Lt. Governor                                                                      
Successor.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
ANA HOFFMAN, Co-Chair                                                                                                           
Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN)                                                                                              
Bethel, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:   Testified in  support of  the confirmation  of                                                         
the appointment of Valerie Davidson as Lt. Governor Successor.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MYRA MUNSON                                                                                                                     
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:   Testified in  support of  the confirmation  of                                                         
the appointment of Valerie Davidson as Lt. Governor Successor.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
LIZ MEDICINE CROW, President                                                                                                    
First Alaskans Institute (FAI)                                                                                                  
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:   Testified in  support of  the confirmation  of                                                         
the appointment of Valerie Davidson as Lt. Governor Successor.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
TILLIE DAVIDSON                                                                                                                 
Bethel, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:   Testified in  support of  the confirmation  of                                                         
the appointment of Valerie Davidson as Lt. Governor Successor.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
HANS RODVIK, Staff                                                                                                              
Representative Charisse Millett                                                                                                 
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION    STATEMENT:      Presented    HCR   22   on   behalf    of                                                         
Representative Millett, prime sponsor.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE CHUCK KOPP                                                                                                       
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:    Presented  HJR  38, as  prime  sponsor,  with                                                         
the use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE ANDY JOSEPHSON                                                                                                   
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:   As prime  sponsor  of HB 184,  summarized  the                                                         
intent of the proposed legislation.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
ALYSON CURRY                                                                                                                    
Planned Parenthood Votes Northwest and Hawaii (PPVNH)                                                                           
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 184.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MARSHA BUCK, Treasurer                                                                                                          
Parents Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG) Juneau                                                                
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 184.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MARTIE BUSCAGLIA, Executive Director                                                                                            
Alaska State Commission for Human Rights (ASCHR)                                                                                
Anchorage,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
LIN DAVIS                                                                                                                       
Parents Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG) Juneau                                                                
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
KIM LEA                                                                                                                         
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
BARBARA LEARMONTH                                                                                                               
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
KEVIN MCGEE, President                                                                                                          
Anchorage National Association for the Advancement of Colored                                                                   
People (NAACP)                                                                                                                  
Anchorage,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
BESSI ODAM                                                                                                                      
Anchorage,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
GRACE MATTHEWS                                                                                                                  
Fairbanks,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
KARA CARLSON                                                                                                                    
Fairbanks,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MARINA DAY                                                                                                                      
Ester, Alaska                                                                                                                   
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
CHANNON PRICE                                                                                                                   
Fairbanks,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
ROSE O'HARA-JOLLEY                                                                                                              
Fairbanks,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
LIZ FURMAN                                                                                                                      
Fairbanks,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
LIZ LYKE                                                                                                                        
Fairbanks,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
LIZ TAPP                                                                                                                        
Fairbanks,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
ABBY NORTH                                                                                                                      
Fairbanks,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MORGAN WILHELM                                                                                                                  
Ketchikan,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
PAMELA SAMESH                                                                                                                   
Nenana, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified during the hearing on HB 184.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
ZHENIA PETERSON                                                                                                                 
Anchorage,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified during the hearing on HB 184.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
ALYSSA QUINTYNE                                                                                                                 
Fairbanks,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
JEFF CHEN                                                                                                                       
Anchorage,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MELISSA BURGER                                                                                                                  
Anchorage,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MELISSA GOLDSTEIN                                                                                                               
Legal Fellow                                                                                                                    
Alaska Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Alaska                                                                                   
Anchorage,  Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Testified  in support  of HB 184.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
JUDY ANDREE                                                                                                                     
League of Women Voters of Alaska (LWVAK)                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 184.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
KASEY CASORT                                                                                                                    
Fairbanks, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 184.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
ISADORE CHRISTIANSON                                                                                                            
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 184.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:17:50 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  JONATHAN  KREISS-TOMKINS   called  the  House  State   Affairs                                                         
Standing    Committee    meeting    to    order    at    3:17    p.m.                                                           
Representatives   LeDoux,  Tuck,   Knopp,  and  Kreiss-Tomkins   were                                                           
present  at the  call to order.   Representatives   Wool, Birch,  and                                                           
Johnson arrived as the meeting was in progress.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
                      CONFIRMATION HEARING(S):                                                                              
                       Lt. Governor Successor                                                                               
^CONFIRMATION HEARING(S):                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
3:19:50 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  KREISS-TOMKINS  announced  that the  first order  of  business                                                           
would  be a  confirmation  hearing  to consider  the  appointment  of                                                           
Valerie Davidson as Lt. Governor Successor.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
^Lt. Governor Successor                                                                                                         
3:20:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
VALERIE  DAVIDSON,  Commissioner,  Department  of Health  and  Social                                                           
Services  (DHSS),   introduced   herself  by  her  Yup'ik   name  and                                                           
relayed  that it is  her honor to  be asked by  Governor Bill  Walker                                                           
to  serve  as Lt.  Governor  Successor.    She  continued  by  saying                                                           
that there  was concern  in both the  House and  the Senate when  she                                                           
was  named as  Lt.  Governor  Successor;  people questioned   whether                                                           
the  lieutenant   governor  was   leaving  or  in  poor  health   and                                                           
whether  she  was  leaving   her  position  as  commissioner.     She                                                           
stated  that   the  answer   to  those  questions   is  "no."     She                                                           
explained  that the  lieutenant  governor  successor  position is  as                                                           
follows:   if  something  happens,  it  is good  practice  to  ensure                                                           
that  a third  person  is named  who  can  step up  to that  role  in                                                           
case the lieutenant governor is unable to serve.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
3:21:38 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  JOHNSON  expressed  that  she  was pleased  with  the                                                           
choice  and  asked  Commissioner   Davidson  what  she  has  done  to                                                           
prepare for the role.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
COMMISSIONER  DAVIDSON  answered  that she  has spent  a lifetime  in                                                           
public  service  -  18  years  in  healthcare  organizations.     She                                                           
relayed  that she began  at the  Yukon-Kuskokwim  Health Corporation                                                            
(YKHC)  and  later   served  at  the  Alaska  Native  Tribal   Health                                                           
Consortium   (ANTHC)  until  her  appointment   as  commissioner   of                                                           
DHSS.   She mentioned  that she has  spent time  with staff from  the                                                           
Office  of   the  Lt.  Governor   (OLG)  to   get  a  sense   of  his                                                           
responsibilities  and  to ensure  readiness  for assuming  the  role.                                                           
She  said, "We  always hope  for the  best  and plan  for the  worst,                                                           
recognizing  that  the state  needs  to  be prepared  to  be able  to                                                           
move forward."   She  offered that  OLG has a solid  team.  The  DHSS                                                           
also has  a solid  leadership team;  both deputy  commissioners  have                                                           
been  in their  positions for  a long  time -  one for  25 years  and                                                           
one for 30 years.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
3:23:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   WOOL   relayed   that  the   House   State   Affairs                                                           
Standing  Committee   discussed  succession   in  the  event  of  the                                                           
governor  being  incapacitated   or unavailable   [HB  152,  1/23/18,                                                           
1/25/18].   He  asked whether  Commissioner  Davidson,  if appointed                                                            
as  Lt.  Governor  Successor,  would  be  the  next in  line  if  the                                                           
lieutenant governor was unavailable.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
COMMISSIONER   DAVIDSON   answered   yes  and   added   that  it   is                                                           
prescribed under the Alaska Constitution.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
3:24:45 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KNOPP  asked whether  the appointment  would  prevent                                                           
her from  traveling  with the governor  and the  lieutenant  governor                                                           
at same time.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
COMMISSIONER  DAVIDSON  responded   yes and  added  that  they  would                                                           
ensure  that  they  were not  traveling  on  the  same flight.    She                                                           
expressed  that when  asked to  fill this  role, she  responded  that                                                           
she and  her family  pray for the  governor and  lieutenant  governor                                                           
every day, and they will step up their efforts.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
3:25:35 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  LEDOUX  inquired   as to  who  was  successor  before                                                           
this appointment.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
COMMISSIONER   DAVIDSON  answered   that  the  successor   was  Craig                                                           
Fleener,  who  is  now  living  in  Washington,  D.C.;  he  is  still                                                           
staff  to  the governor  for  Arctic  policy.   She  added  that  the                                                           
governor  and lieutenant  governor  thought  it more  appropriate  to                                                           
have a successor who was living in Alaska.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
3:26:08 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  KREISS-TOMKINS  opened public  testimony  on the confirmation                                                            
of  the  appointment   of  Valerie  Davidson  as  the  Lt.   Governor                                                           
Successor.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
3:26:26 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ANA  HOFFMAN,   Co-Chair,   Alaska  Federation   of  Natives   (AFN),                                                           
stated  that on  behalf  of AFN,  she endorses  the  confirmation  of                                                           
Commissioner  Davidson  as  Lt.  Governor  Successor.    She  relayed                                                           
that Commissioner  Davidson's  knowledge,  training,  character,  and                                                           
integrity   make   her  the   smartest  choice.      She  said   that                                                           
Commissioner   Davidson   has  done   excellent   work  within   DHSS                                                           
including   the  implementation   of  Medicaid   expansion   and  the                                                           
Office  of Children's  Services (OCS)  state and  tribal compacting.                                                            
She  continued  by saying  that Ms.  Davidson  is a  critical  member                                                           
of the  administration;  she is thoughtful,  sensible,  and  sincere.                                                           
She  offered  that  Commissioner  Davidson's   work before   becoming                                                           
commissioner   coupled    with   her   legal   background   and   her                                                           
connections  to  the land  and Alaska's  people  makes  her the  most                                                           
qualified  on the  governor's  cabinet to  hold the  position of  Lt.                                                           
Governor Successor.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MS.  HOFFMAN  commented  in Yup'ik  and  expressed  her  belief  that                                                           
Commissioner   Davidson   will  execute   her   responsibilities   on                                                           
behalf of all Alaskans.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
3:27:54 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MYRA  MUNSON  stated   that  she  is  an  attorney  and   the  former                                                           
commissioner   of  DHSS.    She  expressed  that  she  endorses   the                                                           
confirmation   of  the  appointment   of  Commissioner  Davidson   as                                                           
successor   to  the   lieutenant   governor.     She   offered   that                                                           
Commissioner   Davidson  is  extremely   capable  and  knowledgeable                                                            
about  every  aspect of  the  state; she  is  a terrific  choice  for                                                           
all Alaskans.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
3:29:40 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LIZ  MEDICINE  CROW,  President,  First  Alaskans  Institute   (FAI),                                                           
relayed  that Commissioner  Davidson  is the best  choice to fill  in                                                           
for  the   governor  and   the  lieutenant   governor  if  they   are                                                           
incapacitated.     She  mentioned   that  Alaska  Natives   are  very                                                           
careful  to   avoid  speaking  about   something  bad  happening   to                                                           
someone.    She  repeated  Ms.  Davidson's  words:    "Hope  for  the                                                           
best;  prepare  for  the worst."    She expressed   that personally,                                                            
there  is  no one  else  that  she  would  go  to for  that  type  of                                                           
leadership  or that kind  of care.   She said that  she has  informed                                                           
people  that Commissioner   Davidson is  the person  to  seek out  in                                                           
the  case of  an  "apocalypse";  she  is the  most  prepared  person;                                                           
she is ready for any disaster that strikes.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS.   MEDICINE   CROW  offered   that   Commissioner   Davidson   has                                                           
"children"  at  the  center  of  her  core; therefore,   will  always                                                           
take care  of them.   She has  "elders"  at the fiber  of her  being;                                                           
therefore,   she  will  take  care  of  them.    She   has  the  best                                                           
interests  of every  Alaskan at  heart.   In the event  she would  be                                                           
called  upon  to  make  difficult  decisions  and  step  up  for  the                                                           
state  in a time  of emergency,  there is  no one better  to do  that                                                           
and provide that leadership.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
3:32:39 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TILLIE DAVIDSON testified that she is Commissioner Davidson's mother.                                                           
She offered  her support for  Commissioner Davidson's appointment and                                                           
the support of the commissioner's whole family.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
3:33:39 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
COMMISSIONER   DAVIDSON  apologized  for  her  awkward  introduction                                                            
and  explained  why she  did not  relay her  qualifications  for  the                                                           
position.   She  explained that  Yupiks  have a  wonderful tradition                                                            
and  philosophy;  that is,  a  person's  experiences  define  his/her                                                           
view of  the world;  every experience  one has  shapes that  person's                                                           
world  view;   it  is  the  person's   responsibility  to   use  that                                                           
knowledge  to  improve  the lives  of  people  around him/her.    She                                                           
relayed  that  Yupiks   believe  that  a  person  should   not  exalt                                                           
themselves  higher than  another person;  it is  extremely bad  luck.                                                           
She  directed  the committee's  attention  to  her  resume,  included                                                           
in  the committee   packet,  and said  that  her  record  speaks  for                                                           
itself.   She  added that  a person  is defined  by  what he/she  has                                                           
done and  what other  people recognize,  and not  by what the  person                                                           
says that he/she has done.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
COMMISSIONER  DAVIDSON  stated that  this is not  the first time  the                                                           
state must  make really  difficult  decisions; she  doesn't envy  the                                                           
role  of  the legislator   at a  time  when  the state  is  facing  a                                                           
significant  budget  deficit.   She  emphasized  that  from her  life                                                           
experience  and building  on  thousands of  years of  history in  her                                                           
family,    when   Alaskans    come   together    and   have    honest                                                           
conversations,   they always  make  the  right  decisions;   everyone                                                           
may not  be happy  with the  decisions, but  at the  end of the  day,                                                           
Alaskans  arrive  at a  good place.    She added  that  she has  also                                                           
witnessed,  time  and  time  again,  that people  will  do  the  most                                                           
amazing  things  under  the most  impossible  conditions,   if it  is                                                           
for  the  right   reasons.    She  maintained   that  "children   and                                                           
family"   are  always   the   right  reasons.     She   thanked   the                                                           
legislators  for  their hard  work  and reiterated  that  "we're  all                                                           
really  trying  to make  the  best decisions   that we  possibly  can                                                           
for Alaska."                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
3:36:49 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   LEDOUX  moved   to  advance   the  confirmation   of                                                           
Valerie  Davidson  as Lt. Governor  Successor  to the  joint  session                                                           
of  the   House  and  Senate.     There  being   no  objection,   the                                                           
confirmation was advanced.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
          HCR 22-APRIL 2018:SEXUAL ASSAULT AWARENESS MONTH                                                                  
                                                                                                                              
3:37:08 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  KREISS-TOMKINS  announced  that  the next  order  of  business                                                           
would  be HOUSE  CONCURRENT  RESOLUTION  NO.  22,  Proclaiming  April                                                           
2018 as Sexual Assault Awareness Month.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
3:37:43 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
HANS  RODVIK,   Staff,  Representative   Charisse   Millett,   Alaska                                                           
State  Legislature,  on  behalf  of  Representative   Millett,  prime                                                           
sponsor  of  HCR 22,  relayed  that  the  proposed  resolution  would                                                           
proclaim  April 2018  Sexual  Assault Awareness  Month.   He said  it                                                           
is  no  surprise  that  the  state  has  work  to  do  in preventing                                                            
violence;  Alaska's sexual  assault  rates are some  of the worst  in                                                           
the  nation.     He   noted  that   the  rates   are  cited  in   the                                                           
resolution.    He  stated  that  sexual  violence  affects   Alaskans                                                           
with no  regard to  race, socioeconomics,  region,  or gender;  it is                                                           
felt throughout the entire state.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MR.  ROSVIK relayed  that  it  is easy  to feel  demoralized  by  the                                                           
statistics   and   the   presentations;    however,    the   proposed                                                           
resolution   is  needed  as   a  point  for   change.    Alaska   has                                                           
excellent  resources   throughout  the  state   from  the  top  down;                                                           
resources  that  are  working  on  the issue  and  are  dedicated  to                                                           
preventing   sexual  assault  and   violence:    Alaska  Network   on                                                           
Domestic  Violence   and Sexual   Assault  (ANDVSA)  -  a  letter  of                                                           
support  is included  in  the  committee  packet;  Standing  Together                                                           
Against  Rape (STAR);  Aiding  Women in  Abuse and  Rape Emergencies                                                            
(AWARE)  in Juneau;  Abused  Women's Aid  in Crises  (AWAIC);  Tundra                                                           
Women's  Coalition  (TWC)  in  Bethel;  Green Dot  Alaska;  Girls  on                                                           
the  Run   (GOTR);  Coaching   Boys  into   Men  (CBIM);  and   other                                                           
violence   prevent   projects   in  Anchorage,    Sitka,  Ketchikan,                                                            
Juneau, and Homer.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MR.  ROSVIK offered  that  there  are "changemakers,"   both old  and                                                           
young,  taking Alaska's  rate  of serious  sexual violence  to  task.                                                           
He stated  that  rates are  on the  decline;  he noted  the  research                                                           
in the  committee  packet.   He  indicated that  there  is more  work                                                           
to  be  done;  sexual  violence  should   never  be  tolerated.    He                                                           
maintained  that  a  resolution  is  needed  every  year  because  it                                                           
represents  an  important  conversation   and  something  upon  which                                                           
Alaska  needs   to  be  focused.     He  maintained  that   with  the                                                           
proposed  resolution,  Alaska  can  join  the conversation,   support                                                           
survivors, and prevent future violence.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
             HJR 38-AK RAILROAD TRANSFER ACT; CONVEYANCES                                                                   
                                                                                                                              
3:40:40 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  KREISS-TOMKINS  announced  that  the next  order  of  business                                                           
would  be  HOUSE  JOINT  RESOLUTION   NO. 38,  Relating   to  certain                                                           
conveyances  to the  Alaska  Railroad Corporation   under the  Alaska                                                           
Railroad Transfer Act of 1982.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
3:41:01 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   CHUCK  KOPP, Alaska   State  Legislature,  as  prime                                                           
sponsor  of HJR 38,  relayed that  he has been  working on the  issue                                                           
addressed  by HJR  38  with many  Alaskan  residents,  from south  of                                                           
the Denali  Borough  down through  the Matanuska-Susitna  ("Mat-Su")                                                            
Valley  into  Palmer,  Anchorage,  and  Seward.   The  issue  impacts                                                           
thousands   of   Alaskans.      He   referred   to   his  PowerPoint                                                            
presentation,  entitled   "HJR  - Restoring   Property  Rights,"  and                                                           
pointed  out  the  quote  by John  Locke  on  slide  1,  which  read:                                                           
"Government has no other end, but the preservation of property."                                                                
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   KOPP  turned  to  slide  2,  entitled   "What's  the                                                           
Harm?"  and relayed  that the  harm that  is being  addressed by  HJR                                                           
38  is that  there  was  a property  interest  that  was  taken  from                                                           
landowners  along the  Alaska Railroad  (ARR) right-of-way  (ROW)  in                                                           
a way  that circumvented  the  [U.S.  and Alaska]  Constitutions  and                                                           
due  process  in the  rule of  law.   Hundreds  of  landowners  along                                                           
the ARR  ROW now  have a cloud  on their  property  titles due  to an                                                           
unlawful  "exclusive-use  easement"  claim to  the entire  ROW.   The                                                           
exclusive-use   easement   claim  does  not   exist  for  any   other                                                           
railroad in America.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  continued  by  saying that  in  1875,  Congress                                                           
announced  that the  U.S. government  would no  longer grant  general                                                           
land  grant railroads  [General  Railroad  Right-of-Way  Act of  1875                                                           
("1875  Act")].    Land  had  been  granted   to the  Union   Pacific                                                           
Railroad  (UPRR) to  incentivize its  east-west route;  that lead  to                                                           
huge  tracks  of  divided  land;  industry   and  farming  could  not                                                           
cross the  rail belt  without tariffs  and fees;  and it resulted  in                                                           
a great  deal of  corruption.   He relayed  that  beginning in  1875,                                                           
all railroads had surface easements only.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  relayed that  the Alaska  Railroad Corporation                                                            
(ARRC)  acted in violation  of AS  42.40.285 in  2005 and 2006,  when                                                           
it  approached  the Bureau  of  Land  Management  (BLM) in  the  U.S.                                                           
Department   of   the  Interior   (USDOI)   without   notifying   the                                                           
legislature   or  governor   of  Alaska  or   any  of  the   affected                                                           
landowners  along  the ROW  and obtained  an exclusive-use   easement                                                           
patent  on all  the Homestead  Act  [1862] ("homestead")  properties                                                            
along the ROW.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   KOPP  referred   to  slide  5,  entitled   "A  Brief                                                           
History,"  and to  the continuation   on slide  6.   He reminded  the                                                           
committee  that the ARR  was formed  by an Act  of Congress in  1914;                                                           
between  1914 and  1982, there  were  hundreds of  homestead  patents                                                           
issued  by the federal  government  to private  landowners along  the                                                           
ARR  ROW;  during  that  time,  the  federal  government  completely                                                            
divested  itself of  all ownership  in that  land and  the land  went                                                           
into  private  hands.   He said  that  the only  land  that the  U.S.                                                           
government  reserved  for  itself  was a  ROW  - a  surface  easement                                                           
for  rail, telegraph,  and  telephone  - consistent  with  all  other                                                           
railroad easements in the country post 1875.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
3:45:00 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   KOPP referred   to slide  7,  entitled  "What  is  a                                                           
standard  railroad  'easement'?"  and  explained  that  the  easement                                                           
is a  200-foot  easement  that extends  100 feet  on  either side  of                                                           
the track;  this  is a limited  surface  easement;  and according  to                                                           
the 1875  Act, this  was all railroads  were to  have from that  time                                                           
forward.   He directed  the  committee's  attention  to the  document                                                           
included  in the  committee  packet, entitled  "HJR  38 Overview  and                                                           
Backdrop,"  which  gives a historical  background.    He stated  that                                                           
today,  the limited interest  ROW  - or surface  easement -  provides                                                           
the  foundation  for 80  percent  of all  the  track mileage  in  the                                                           
nation.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  relayed that  using principles  established  in                                                           
the  1875  Act,  the  Alaska  Railroad   Act  of 1914   ("1914  Act")                                                           
authorized  the creation  of ARR.   He said that  1982 was the  first                                                           
time  the easement  became  an  issue, and  the following  questions                                                            
were raised:   "What  does this easement  mean?"   "How exclusive  is                                                           
it?"   "Does the  railroad  actually have  a fee  simple interest  in                                                           
the land?"   He explained  that under  the Alaska  Statehood Act  [of                                                           
1958],  the state  selected  ROW lands;  ARRC  claimed  it owned  the                                                           
land;  the Interior  Board  of Land  Appeals  (IBLA)  ruled that  the                                                           
railroad  did not own  the land, but  a surface  easement only.   The                                                           
ruling  was  based  on a  U.S.  Supreme  Court case  in  1942,  Great                                                         
Northern  Railway Co.  v. U.S., in  which the court  declared  that a                                                         
railroad  only  has a  surface easement,  not  fee ownership  of  the                                                           
land;  that is,  it  does not  have  any outright  ownership  of  the                                                           
land.   The  ruling  was  confirmed  by  the U.S.  Supreme  Court  in                                                           
2014 [Brandt Revocable Trust v. U.S.].                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   KOPP  cited  the   2014  U.S.  Supreme  Court   Case                                                           
Brandt  Revocable Trust  v. U.S. ruling:   "The right  of way  was an                                                         
easement  that   was  terminated  by   the  railroad's  abandonment,                                                            
leaving  the property  owner's  land unburdened."    The ruling  went                                                           
on to  say that the  1875 Act, upon  which IBLA  based its decision,                                                            
clearly  states   that  the  railroad   only  has  an  easement   and                                                           
nothing  more.     He  stated  that   the  court  adopted   the  U.S.                                                           
government's   previous   argument   in  full,  which   was  that   a                                                           
railroad  only   has  a  surface  easement.    He  quoted   from  the                                                           
ruling,  which   read,  "It  found   the  1875  Act's  text   'wholly                                                           
inconsistent'  with  the grant  of  a fee  interest."   He explained                                                            
that  a fee  interest refers  to  owning land  outright.   The  court                                                           
declared  that the railroad  does not  have a fee  interest; it  does                                                           
not own the land; it has a surface easement only.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
3:47:56 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP relayed  that  the opinion  was dated March  10,                                                           
2014.   Less than one  month later,  ARRC authored  a ten-page  legal                                                           
response  to  a  constituent  in  Anchorage  about  concerns  of  the                                                           
railroad's  fee interest  claim  in the  ROW, as well  as exclusive-                                                            
use  easement  allowing  it  to  fence  off all  adjoining   property                                                           
owners  on homestead  patent lands.   He related  that the ARRC  told                                                           
the   constituent    that   it   had    previously   addressed    the                                                           
constituent's  concerns  in  a comprehensive  memorandum  explaining                                                            
that  ARRC  holds  fee  simple  interest  in most  ARR  ROWs  and  at                                                           
least  an  exclusive-use  easement   in all  ROWs.    Representative                                                            
Kopp  exclaimed, "That  is outrageous!"    He stated  that it was  in                                                           
direct violation of the U.S. Supreme Court ruling.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP continued  by  saying that  in 2017, the  Alaska                                                           
Supreme  Court  ruled in  Reeves v.  Godspeed  L.L.C  that a  surface                                                         
easement  must  allow  the holder  of  that  easement  all necessary                                                            
control  to  safely conduct  its  operations  but  may not  deny  the                                                           
landowner  proper  use  of the  easement,  if  it  doesn't interfere                                                            
with  the holder's  operations.    He added  that  the  case did  not                                                           
involve  a railroad,  but it  did address  easements;  the principle                                                            
is the  same and  continues as  a legal  basis.   He maintained  that                                                           
no credible  argument  can be  made that  an exclusive-use   easement                                                           
belongs  to  ARRC  without  establishing  what  the  private  parties                                                           
owned when  the federal  government  made the transfer  to the  State                                                           
of  Alaska  [under  the  Alaska  Railroad   Transfer  Act  (ARTA)  of                                                           
1982].                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  referred  to  slide  8, entitled  "What  is  an                                                           
'exclusive  use easement'?"  and said,  "You may  ask yourself,  'Why                                                           
is this  such  a big  deal with  the exclusive-use   easement?'"   He                                                           
relayed  that the exclusive-use  easement  allows  ARRC to fence  off                                                           
and  exclude any  adjoining  landowner  for any  purpose whatsoever.                                                            
He explained  that  doing so  allows ARRC  to build  a fence  through                                                           
the back  yard of  any properties  built  next to the  ROW - many  of                                                           
them  built  40-50  years  ago  under  original  homestead   patents.                                                           
Many  of  these   properties  have  immaculately   maintained   yards                                                           
along  the  ARR  ROWs  or  a  boat  or  trailer   in  the  yard  that                                                           
homeowners  would  not  be able  to  access.   He  stated  that  ARRC                                                           
claims  that  it  needs  to have  the  exclusive-use   easements  for                                                           
safety,   but  Representative   Kopp  maintained   that  the   safety                                                           
problems  have almost  always  occurred on  public  crossings and  in                                                           
areas  of public  land use.   The private  property  owners are  some                                                           
of  the best  caretakers  of  the  ROWs and  the  first to  report  a                                                           
problem  to  ARRC,  because  it  is  their  land  and  they  want  it                                                           
protected.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
3:51:21 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  relayed  that ARRC  has not  always maintained                                                            
that  it had  the  exclusive-use  easement  right.   He  stated  that                                                           
ARRC's  lead  counsel,  Ms.  Phyllis  Johnson,  argued  on  June  25,                                                           
1996,   before  the   Alaska  Legislative   Budget   &  Audit   (LBA)                                                           
Committee  that the  federal  government  owns less  than originally                                                            
thought.   She reported  that  the issue  should be  researched  on a                                                           
parcel-by-parcel  basis  to  determine  whether  ARRC has  all  those                                                           
rights  from  the transfer  [to  the  state];  property  owners  were                                                           
there  first,  and   the  ROWs  went  across  private  property   not                                                           
federal  land.   He offered  that  ARRC does  have  an exclusive-use                                                            
easement  on  federal  lands  as authorized   by ARCA  -  the  Denali                                                           
National   Park  and  Preserve   (DNPP)  and   federal  lands   under                                                           
competing  Native  land claims  in  Northern  Alaska.   Wherever  the                                                           
federal  government  owned land,  the  exclusive-use  easement  could                                                           
be transferred  to the  state; however,  the federal  government  may                                                           
not  transfer  anything  to the  state  that  it does  not  own.   He                                                           
emphasized  that  the issue  was,  What did  the  federal government                                                            
actually  own  at  the  time  of  the  transfer  and  what  could  it                                                           
actually send to the state?                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
3:52:55 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   KOPP  referred   to  slides  9-19  to  examine   the                                                           
details  of HJR 38.   He cited page  1, lines 4-7,  of HJR 38  [shown                                                           
on  slide 9],  which  states  that ARR  was  created under  the  1914                                                           
Act,  which   directly  granted   interests   in  federal  land   for                                                           
railroad  ROWs  for  the  construction  of  the  standard  easement,                                                            
that  is, for  railroads  and  telegraph  and  telephone  lines.   He                                                           
added  that  this  standard  easement   was  in place   beginning  in                                                           
1875, and it is the only easement that Congress authorized.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  cited  page  1, lines  10-15  [shown  on  slide                                                           
10],  which states  that  before and  after  completion  of ARR,  the                                                           
federal  government conveyed  into  private ownership  land  affected                                                           
and  burdened by  the ROWs.   He  explained  that these  lands  refer                                                           
to the  homestead  patents.   He  offered that  about  60 percent  of                                                           
the   500  miles   of  tract   are  homestead   patents   -  in   the                                                           
municipalities,   Palmer,  Anchorage,  the  Denali  area,  Cantwell,                                                            
and  Seward -  and are  in private  hands.   He said  that homestead                                                            
patent   owners   had   railroad   tracts   reserved   across   their                                                           
properties  before   ownership  was  transferred   to  the  state  in                                                           
1983.                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP cited  page 2,  lines 3-6 [shown  on slide  11],                                                           
which  states   that  the  state  acquired   ARR  from  the   federal                                                           
Government  in 1983  and created  ARRC  to oversee  operations  as an                                                           
instrumentality of the state.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   KOPP cited  page  2,  lines  7-13  [shown  on  slide                                                           
12],  which  states  that  ARCA provided  for  the  transfer  of  all                                                           
rail  properties of  ARR from  the federal  government  to the  State                                                           
of Alaska;  that  is, all  right,  title, and  interest  of the  U.S.                                                           
in those  properties.   He emphasized  that only  the interest  owned                                                           
by the  federal government  was transferred;  it  could not  transfer                                                           
an  interest  it  did not  own.    He continued  by  saying  that  on                                                           
January  14,  1983,   ARRC  reserved  and  owned  ROW  interests   on                                                           
private  properties   -  homestead  properties   -  provided  for  in                                                           
patents   and   other   conveyance    documents;   those   interests                                                            
represented the rail, telegraph, and telephone ROW.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  cited  page  2, lines  14-17  [shown  on  slide                                                           
13],  which stated  that if  all right,  title, and  interest of  the                                                           
U.S.  in the  ROWs did  not include  at  a minimum  an exclusive-use                                                            
easement  as  defined  in ARTA,  the  easement  could not  have  been                                                           
included  in the  transfer  under the  plain  language of  ARTA.   He                                                           
explained  that there  are two places  in ARTA  where the exclusive-                                                            
use  easement  is mentioned:    competing land  claims  among  Alaska                                                           
Native  corporations   and  village   corporations;  and   in  Denali                                                           
Borough.   He offered  that those  two places are  where the  federal                                                           
government  did have  an exclusive-use  easement  that it could  pass                                                           
on to  the state; however,  it never  claimed to  have that easement                                                            
across  all  the homestead  patent  properties.    He added  that  in                                                           
December  2015, Alaska  U.S. Congressman  Don Young  proclaimed  that                                                           
ARTA would  have never  passed Congress  had vested  property  rights                                                           
been contemplated  to  be changed  by the transfer;  in other  words,                                                           
there was never an intent to change vested property rights.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
3:56:30 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  cited  page  2, lines  18-25  [shown  on  slide                                                           
14],  which  stated  that during  the  transfer  of  rail properties                                                            
under  ARTA,   USDOI  erroneously   issued   and  ARRC  accepted   an                                                           
interim  conveyance  of  interests  in  real property  not  owned  by                                                           
the  federal  government,  including  exclusive-use  easements.    He                                                           
stated  that   this  interim  transfer   speaks  to  how   the  whole                                                           
process  happened:    first   there  was  a license   issued  by  the                                                           
federal   government   for   ARR;   then   there   was   an   interim                                                           
conveyance.   He  explained  that "interim"  conveyance  means it  is                                                           
temporary  and conditional.   It was  realized that  there were  many                                                           
properties  that needed  to be researched  to discover  the  interest                                                           
that  the federal  government  was  passing  on to  the  state.   The                                                           
federal  government  was not  familiar  with  all the  properties  it                                                           
had;  over  500  miles  of  track  needed  to  be  researched.    The                                                           
interim conveyance was not made final until 2005 and 2006.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   KOPP  relayed   that  before  2005  and   2006,  the                                                           
Alaska  State Legislature  started  to get nervous:   residents  from                                                           
Whittier,   Palmer,   Anchorage,  and   all  over   the  state   were                                                           
complaining  that  ARRC  was incrementally  ratcheting   down on  the                                                           
ROWs  and fencing  off  adjoining  landowners  when for  decades,  it                                                           
had never  been  an issue.   He  cited page  3, lines  1-4 [shown  on                                                           
slide  16],  which  stated   that  the  legislature  specified   that                                                           
under  AS   42.40.285,  ARRC   must  receive   legislative   approval                                                           
before  accepting  any conveyances  of land  - land  grants,  titles,                                                           
interests.   He  added  that complaints  from  the City  of  Whittier                                                           
was the  "final  straw"; residents  maintained  they  were being  run                                                           
out of town by the ARRC's assumption of exclusive-use.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP cited  page 3,  lines 5-8 [shown  on slide  16],                                                           
which  stated   that  the  legislature   listed,  as  an  exception,                                                            
properties   that  are   consistent   with  any   right,  title,   or                                                           
interest  that the  federal government  had  a right  to bestow;  for                                                           
those,  ARRC would  not need  to receive  legislative  approval.   He                                                           
reiterated  that  an exclusive-use  easement  was not  something  the                                                           
federal  government  had  in  their  possession  to  give if  it  was                                                           
across   private   homestead   patent   properties;    AS  42.40.285                                                            
specifically   states  that  to  be  true  in  a municipality.     He                                                           
mentioned  that  most  of  the  homesteads  are  in  municipalities;                                                            
therefore,  Anchorage,   Palmer,  and  the  Mat-Su   Valley  are  all                                                           
affected.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   KOPP  continued   that  in   2005  and  2006,   ARRC                                                           
approached  BLM  and  received  patents of  exclusive-use  easement;                                                            
it  claimed  it was  only  getting  what  it was  promised  in  1985.                                                           
Representative   Kopp  emphasized   that  ARRC  was  never   promised                                                           
those  patents  to  the  entire  ROWs;  it  would  be  an outrageous                                                            
unconstitutional  theft  of property  rights without  due process  of                                                           
law.   Residents were  unaware of  the transfer  until ARRC began  to                                                           
institute  the  Residential   Right-Of-Way  Use  Permit   Program  to                                                           
monetize  the  railroad.    He offered  that  to  ARRC's  credit,  it                                                           
discontinued   the  practice.     He  mentioned  that  he   does  not                                                           
completely  blame  ARRC  for  what  happened,   as USDOI  improperly                                                            
allowed  it to happen  when it gave  ARRC the 2005  and 2006  patents                                                           
of  exclusive-use  easement  across  hundreds  of  miles  of  private                                                           
property.   He stated  that the property  interests  that were  given                                                           
to ARRC  are the same  as fee interests;  it is  outright ownership;                                                            
and  the   U.S.  Supreme   Court  has  ruled   that  no  longer   may                                                           
railroads  have them.   He said that  in the Brandt  Revocable  Trust                                                         
v. U.S.  ruling,  the Supreme  Court mentioned  other  cases that  it                                                         
had  ruled on,  [Stalker]  v. Oregon  Short Line  R.  Co. [1912]  and                                                         
Great Northern  Ry. Co.  v. Steinke  [1923] -  disputes dealing  with                                                         
competing  land  claims  to  acquire  and  develop  tracks  of  land.                                                           
The  Supreme  Court made  it  clear  that any  implication  that  the                                                           
interest  is  something  more  than  a  surface  easement  would  not                                                           
have survived the court's unequivocal statement to the contrary.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:01:22 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  referred  to  slide  19, which  cites  page  3,                                                           
lines  28-31, of HJR  38.  He  stated that  the intent  of HJR  38 is                                                           
to give  the Alaska  State  Legislature  the opportunity  to  comment                                                           
on  what  it  believes   is  clearly  the  law.     If  there  was  a                                                           
misapplication    of   ARTA   regarding    exclusive-use   easements                                                            
affecting  many  hundreds  or  thousands  of  property  owners,  then                                                           
under  HJR 38,  Alaska would  disclaim  any property  interests  that                                                           
were  taken contrary  to law  and ask  its Congressional  delegation                                                            
to work with the legislature to right this egregious wrong.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
4:02:35 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
EPRESENTATIVE  LEDOUX  stated  that  Representative  Kopp  has  given                                                           
very  impassioned  legal arguments  and asked  why  this issue  would                                                           
not be dealt with in court.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  answered  that  ARTA was  written  so that  the                                                           
U.S.  Solicitor General  is  bound to  defend  any claim  on the  ROW                                                           
forever;  therefore, someone  would  have to be  very wealthy  to sue                                                           
the  federal  government  and  take them  to  court;  it would  be  a                                                           
difficult  task.   He  maintained  that  a resolution  is  a way  for                                                           
the  State of  Alaska  to speak  strongly  about an  egregious  wrong                                                           
that  has  been committed   to Alaska  land  owners.    He mentioned                                                            
that  the  new  Assistant  Secretary  for  USDOI  is  aware  of  this                                                           
issue  and is  assisting  to resolve  it.   He  asserted  that it  is                                                           
the  state's   duty  to  disclaim   and  "walk   away"  from   stolen                                                           
property.    The  state should  not  stand  quietly  by  abating  and                                                           
abetting  the taking  of property  it doesn't  own;  by law, that  is                                                           
theft  by  receiving.     He  concluded   that  for  the  individual                                                            
landowner,  the cost  of litigation  is  prohibitive.   He expressed                                                            
that he  would welcome  a large public  interest  law firm taking  on                                                           
this issue; however, there is much the legislature can do.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:04:46 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
EPRESENTATIVE   LEDOUX  asked  whether   such  a  lawsuit   would  be                                                           
considered   a public   interest  lawsuit;  if  so,   those  type  of                                                           
lawsuits  are attractive  to attorneys  and bring  generous  attorney                                                           
fees when won.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  maintained   that many  people  have  tried  to                                                           
get the  attention of  public interest  law firms;  pursuing that  is                                                           
an  ongoing  effort;  however,  he  advocates  acting  when  possible                                                           
rather  than  waiting   for  a  law  firm  to  take  the  case.    He                                                           
reiterated  that  court  action  would  involve   suing  the  federal                                                           
government.  The  proposed   resolution  would  make  it  very  clear                                                           
that   Alaska  does   not  support   any   interest   that  was   not                                                           
originally  owned  by the federal  government.   He  emphasized  that                                                           
HJR 38  does not  state that  ARR does not  have a  ROW or the  right                                                           
to  safety  conduct  a  ROW.    He  offered  that   ARRC  has  police                                                           
officers  that  can  issue  citations  for  trespassing;   they  have                                                           
full legal  authority  for protecting  the ROW.   He maintained  that                                                           
ARRC  does not  need  an exclusive-use   [easement]  to make  a  safe                                                           
ROW; it  is an unsupportable  claim  legally and  is contrary  to the                                                           
interest of every land owner on the ROW.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:06:27 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   KNOPP   asked   for   a  history   lesson   on   why                                                           
Representative Kopp is pursuing this issue so aggressively.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  explained  that in  South Anchorage  and  other                                                           
districts,  homes  built  near the  ROW  have  been there  since  the                                                           
'50s  and '60s.   When ARRC  started  advancing its  residential  use                                                           
permit,  many property  owners received  notices  that they would  be                                                           
charged  per  square  foot  for  their   lawns  or  gardens.    These                                                           
residents  had thought  that  they were  the landowners  and ARR  had                                                           
a ROW.   He relayed  that no one  had an issue  with ARRC preventing                                                            
anything  hazardous  to the  movements  of  the trains;  however,  at                                                           
that  point  they realized  their  ROWs  were  being monetized.    He                                                           
referred  to the  Flying  Crown  airpark in  South  Anchorage;  about                                                           
40 pilots  have used  a portion of  it as a taxiway  for an  airfield                                                           
since the  '50s, that  is, almost  70 years of  continuous use  as an                                                           
airpark.    He stated  that  some  of  the  homes in  the  area  have                                                           
hangars  big enough for  an airplane;  now residents  are faced  with                                                           
a  fence that  could  prevent  them  from driving  airplanes  out  of                                                           
their  hangars.   He maintained  that  the  airpark,  which has  been                                                           
in continuous  operation  for  65-plus years  and in  which there  is                                                           
shared  use of  a small  portion  of the  ROW,  now has  fences on  a                                                           
small   sliver   at  the   very   end  of   the   1,500-foot   strip.                                                           
Significant  fees are  being  charged to  the entire  group of  homes                                                           
in  that   area.     He  added   that   to  its   credit,  ARRC   has                                                           
discontinued  doing  this.   He asserted  that  this  issue needs  to                                                           
be  pursued  until there  is  a  final solution  recognizing   simply                                                           
that  the federal  government  could  not have  passed  to the  state                                                           
an interest that it never owned.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:09:06 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KNOPP  offered  his  understanding   that landowners                                                            
were being denied access to their property.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  replied  that there  were landowners  who  were                                                           
denied  access  to the  back  yards  of their  properties;   concrete                                                           
barriers  were erected  by the  railroad  in Oceanview  that  blocked                                                           
residents  from access  to their boats.   He relayed  that he  worked                                                           
with  ARRC to remove  those  barriers;  ARRC always  offered  reasons                                                           
why  it could  not  do so;  and  in the  end,  the  situation  became                                                           
untenable.   He referred  the committee  to letters  included  in the                                                           
committee   packet   from   residents    and   businesses   who   are                                                           
negatively  impacted.   He  stated that  the  owner of  Red Robin  in                                                           
Anchorage  had his  land trespassed  on,  his trees  cut down,  and a                                                           
fence  erected  on  his  property;   ARRC  was  mistaken  as  to  the                                                           
location  of the  ROW.   This person  conflicted  with  ARRC when  he                                                           
plowed  snow onto  a small  section  of the  ROW and  ARRC objected.                                                            
Representative  Kopp  asserted that  the disagreement  was fair,  but                                                           
ARRC putting  a fence  in the individual's  yard  was unfair and  was                                                           
done without  notification.   He  further referred  to Hugh  Ashlock,                                                           
the  owner   of  Dimond  Center,   who  has  had  a  very  difficult                                                            
circumstance  with ARRC;  he would  like 20 more  parking spaces  but                                                           
to obtain  them, he  would have to  part with a  "fortune of  spaces"                                                           
that  impede  slightly   into  an  ARR  ROW  that  he  has   improved                                                           
immensely.    He  reiterated  that  all  these  lands  are homestead                                                            
patent  lands,  and this  is an  issue that  runs  through Anchorage                                                            
and  up and  down  the Railbelt.    He  declared  that the  issue  is                                                           
ARRC  claiming  a fee  interest  in  the land  and  an exclusive-use                                                            
easement  to the entire  ROW; he  maintained that  ARRC has  neither,                                                           
except in areas that the federal government originally owned.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:11:49 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  BIRCH  expressed his  appreciation  for the  proposed                                                           
resolution   and  confirmed   that  it  has   been  a  long-standing                                                            
concern.     He   offered   that   when  he   served   in  municipal                                                            
government,  it  was a  concern  but could  not  be resolved  at  the                                                           
municipal  level.    He  supported  the  legislature   addressing  it                                                           
through the proposed resolution.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:12:42 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    TUCK  also   thanked   Representative    Kopp   for                                                           
introducing  the proposed  resolution.   He maintained  that ARRC  is                                                           
creating  miles  of borders  blocking  access  to the  railroad.   He                                                           
stated  that in  Anchorage, the  beach is  cut off  from the  coastal                                                           
trail.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:13:27 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL  asked for confirmation  that  the easement  was                                                           
100  feet on  each side  of track;  ARRC  is preventing  people  from                                                           
the  area  100 feet  from  the  center line;  and  fences  are  being                                                           
erected  and blocking  people from  accessing property  on the  other                                                           
side of the track.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  answered  yes and  added  that there  are  many                                                           
property  owners  for  which  this  is  the  case;  if  the  railroad                                                           
assumed    the   exclusive-use    easement    on   the   homeowners'                                                            
properties,  they  would be  cut off  from both  sides  of their  own                                                           
land.   He added  that  also people  who abut  the track  may be  cut                                                           
off from  access to  public land areas  because of  the fencing.   He                                                           
said  that ARRC's  argument  is always  safety,  but in  the name  of                                                           
safety, people's rights are being "run over."                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL asked whether the fencing is recent.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   KOPP  responded   that  the   erection  of   fencing                                                           
became  very   aggressive   in  2012.    He   referred  to   page  4,                                                           
paragraph  3,  of  the  document,  entitled   "HJR  38  Overview  and                                                           
Backdrop,"  included  in the  committee packet,  and  stated that  it                                                           
highlights   six  critical   situations   in  the   Municipality   of                                                           
Anchorage.    He apologized  that  he did  not  include  the list  of                                                           
grievances  from Palmer.   He  relayed  that ARRC  fenced off  access                                                           
to  the  Fish  Creek   estuary  in  the  Turnagain  area   forcing  a                                                           
utility  to erect  a $114,000  fence  near  Westchester  Lagoon as  a                                                           
precondition  to  entering  and  repairing  sewer  mains.   The  ARRC                                                           
installed  concrete barricades  and  steel posts  blocking access  to                                                           
the ROW  in a  residential  area in Oceanview.    He mentioned  again                                                           
the  ROW   Use  Permit  Program   as  further   evidence  of   ARRC's                                                           
infringement.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:16:18 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    WOOL   asked   whether   many   of   the   original                                                           
homesteads still exist or have been subdivided.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  replied  that all  the homesteads  still  exist                                                           
as  federal  patents;  he conceded  that  the  homesteads  have  been                                                           
divided  into  multiple  successors  but  maintained  that homestead                                                            
patents  don't  "go away."    He relayed  that  all  the  way up  the                                                           
track  are large  homesteads  still recognized  in  titles searches;                                                            
the  original   landowners   have  subdivided   the  land;   and  the                                                           
current  landowners  are considered  successors  in  interest to  the                                                           
homestead  and  carry  with  the  land  the property   interest  that                                                           
came with that homestead patent property.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:17:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR KREISS-TOMKINS announced HJR 38 would be held over.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:18:22 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL  mentioned  that  ARRC  owns  other  lands  that                                                           
are  not easements  or  ROWs; he  asked for  clarification  that  the                                                           
resolution addresses only ROWs and easements.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP  replied  that  the  proposed  legislation  does                                                           
not refer  to other  lands  that ARRC  lawfully owns;  it is  focused                                                           
on  the  ROW  and what  is  viewed  as  unconstitutional   claims  to                                                           
property interests in the ROW.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
4:19:35 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  KREISS-TOMKINS  announced  that  the next  order  of  business                                                           
would  be  consideration  of  forthcoming  legislation   relating  to                                                           
the  collection  of fees  by  the Department   of Public  Safety  for                                                           
fire and explosion prevention and safety services.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
4:20:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   LEDOUX  moved  that  the  committee  authorize   the                                                           
chair  to draft an  act relating  to the  collection  of fees by  the                                                           
Department  of  Public  Safety  for  fire and  explosion  prevention                                                            
and  safety   services,  on  behalf   of  the  House  State   Affairs                                                           
Standing   Committee.    There   being  no   objection,  it   was  so                                                           
ordered.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
          HB 184-DISCRIMINATION: GENDER ID.;SEXUAL ORIENT.                                                                  
                                                                                                                              
4:20:50 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  KREISS-TOMKINS  announced  that  the last  order  of  business                                                           
would  be HOUSE  BILL  NO. 184,  "An  Act adding  to the  powers  and                                                           
duties  of the State  Commission for  Human Rights;  and relating  to                                                           
and  prohibiting  discrimination   based  on sexual   orientation  or                                                           
gender identity or expression."                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
4:21:05 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   ANDY  JOSEPHSON,   Alaska   State  Legislature,   as                                                           
prime  sponsor  of HB  184,  stated  that  the proposed  legislation                                                            
was heard  in the  House  State Affairs  Standing  Committee  meeting                                                           
on 5/4/17;  it was  recommended by  the Alaska  State Commission  for                                                           
Human  Rights  (ASCHR);  and  it would  prohibit  discrimination   in                                                           
the  public sphere  in  the area  of  employment,  housing,  lending,                                                           
and by the government.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:21:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR KREISS-TOMKINS opened public testimony on HB 184.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
4:22:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ALYSON  CURRY,   Planned  Parenthood   Votes  Northwest   and  Hawaii                                                           
(PPVNH),  testified  that HB  184 is  common sense  legislation  that                                                           
has  the  full  support  of  PPVNH.    She  relayed  that  every  day                                                           
Alaskans  across the  state live  in fear  of being  fired, or  being                                                           
denied  housing, public  services,  or other  opportunities,  because                                                           
they are  gay or transgender.   She  opined that  everyone should  be                                                           
free  from   discrimination   to  build  loving   relationships   and                                                           
create families based on their personal, private lives.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MS.  CURRY  stated  that  as a  healthcare  provider   and employer,                                                            
Planned  Parenthood  [Federation  of America,  Inc.  (PPFA)  "Planned                                                           
Parenthood"]  knows   that the  proposed   legislation  is  good  for                                                           
public  health and  good for  business.   Because  of discrimination                                                            
and   fear  of   discrimination,   many   lesbian,   gay,  bisexual,                                                            
transgender,   queer/questioning   (LGBTQ)   employees   hide   their                                                           
identities,    are   paid   less,    and   have   fewer   employment                                                            
opportunities    than   their   non-LGBTQ    counterparts.       This                                                           
prejudicial  treatment  puts  LGBTQ  individuals  at  increased  risk                                                           
for poor health, both physical and mental.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MS.  CURRY relayed  that  businesses  like  Planned  Parenthood  that                                                           
support  anti-discrimination  measures  for  LGBTQ  people recognize                                                            
that  having  a corporate  culture  of  inclusivity  improves  worker                                                           
productivity   and   helps  recruit   the   best  talent.      Sexual                                                           
orientation,   gender  identity,   and  gender  expression   have  no                                                           
relation   to  workplace   performance,  and   hardworking   Alaskans                                                           
should  not be  fired because  of  whom they  love or  who they  are.                                                           
She added  that  additionally  no one should  be turned  away from  a                                                           
business, denied housing, or denied a public service because of                                                                 
who they are.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MS.  CURRY  stated  that  she  is  incredibly  proud  to  live  in  a                                                           
community  that  has already  embraced  equal  protection  under  the                                                           
law for  all people  - for her  friends, neighbors,  and colleagues.                                                            
She emphasized that it is time for the state to catch up.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:24:22 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MARSHA BUCK, Treasurer, Parents Families and Friends of Lesbians                                                                
and Gays (PFLAG) Juneau, paraphrased from her written testimony,                                                                
which read as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     My  name is Marsha  Buck and  I am the treasurer  of PFLAG                                                                 
     Juneau.  I  would like  to  testify in  strong  support  of                                                                
     House  Bill  184.  PFLAG,  as  you  may  know, stands   for                                                                
     Parents,  Families  and Friends  of  Lesbians  and Gays  as                                                                
     well   as   people    who   are   transgender,   bisexual,                                                                 
     intersex, queer, and questioning.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     PFLAG  Juneau  strongly supports  House  Bill  184 as well                                                                 
     as  Senate  Bill  72  because  they  are  needed   here  in                                                                
     Alaska.  Discrimination  based  on sexual  orientation  and                                                                
     gender  identity  and gender  expression  are  sadly still                                                                 
     alive  and active  in our  great state  where  we think  of                                                                
     ourselves  as  independent  and  strong  and  delightfully                                                                 
     different   than  people   in  the  Lower   48.  But  I've                                                                 
     noticed  in  my 49  years  here  in Alaska  that  we still                                                                 
     manage to harbor discrimination.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Two  examples  come  to  mind.  I  will  never forget   the                                                                
     night  my phone  rang  in the  middle of  the night  and  I                                                                
     answered  to  find  a  friend  sobbing.  My  friend  was  a                                                                
     lesbian  who  lived here  in  Juneau at  the time  and  her                                                                
     landlord  had  just  evicted her  from  her  house because                                                                 
     she  was a  lesbian living  peacefully  with  her partner.                                                                 
     When  she  asked  me through  her  tears  if  the landlord                                                                 
     could  do  that,  all I  could  give  her was  a  place  to                                                                
     stay but not any legal recourse.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Another  conversation   I will  never  forget  was  with  a                                                                
     transgender  woman  in  Anchorage  who was  told  by a  bus                                                                
     driver  that she  could  not board  a city bus  because  of                                                                
     the  way she looked.  Apparently  she looked  "too trans."                                                                 
     Again,  I could  not assure  this  woman that  she had  any                                                                
     place to turn legally.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Please  pass  HB  184  out  of committee   with  your full                                                                 
     committee  support,  because  you  are  Alaskans  who care                                                                 
     about   other   Alaskans   and  you   care   about  ending                                                                 
     discrimination against your constituents.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
4:27:37 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MARTIE  BUSCAGLIA,   Executive  Director,  Alaska  State  Commission                                                            
for Human  Rights (ASCHR),  testified  that the  mission of ASCHR  is                                                           
to  eliminate  and  prevent  discrimination  for  all  Alaskans;  its                                                           
vision  is  an  Alaska  free  of  discrimination.     She  asked  how                                                           
Alaska  can achieve  that if  there is  a segment  of the population                                                            
against whom discrimination is legal.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BUSCAGLIA  relayed  that   in November   2016,  ASCHR  passed  a                                                           
resolution  calling upon  the legislature  to revise  Alaska's  Human                                                           
Rights  Law, AS 18.80,  to expressly  prohibit  discrimination  based                                                           
on  sexual  orientation  or gender  identity  and  expression.    The                                                           
same  resolution  requested  that  staff  draft proposed  regulation                                                            
language   adopting    the   U.S.   Equal   Employment   Opportunity                                                            
Commission's   (EEOC's)  definition   of  "sex"  to  include   sexual                                                           
orientation   and   gender   identity.      She   stated   that   the                                                           
commissioners  could  not agree  on  language  for that  part of  the                                                           
resolution;  some  of  the  commissioners   felt  strongly  that  the                                                           
first part  of the resolution  - calling  on the  legislature  to act                                                           
- was  the most  important part;  and the  law should  by changed  in                                                           
the legislature.   Currently  the  second part of  the resolution  is                                                           
"dead,"  making  it  even  more  critical   for the  legislature   to                                                           
revise the law.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BUSCAGLIA  asked, "How  can  we achieve  a discrimination   free                                                           
Alaska,  if the  state allows  same sex  couples to  be married,  but                                                           
then  when they  return  to work  or  they are  looking  for a  home,                                                           
they  can  be  discriminated  against?"     She expressed   that  she                                                           
commends  the growing  number  of representatives   who stand  behind                                                           
HB 184,  and she  urged the  committee to  move it  out of committee                                                            
so  that  the vision  of  a  truly  discrimination  free  Alaska  can                                                           
become reality.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS. BUSCAGLIA  closed  by saying  there is  no fiscal  impact to  the                                                           
proposed   legislation;   ASCHR  expects   a  minimal   increase   in                                                           
complaints;  ASCHR  has checked  with EEOC  and the  Anchorage  Equal                                                           
Rights  Commission  (AERC), both  of which  accept  such complaints,                                                            
and found  that  the percentages  of complaints  of  this nature  are                                                           
low.                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
4:30:26 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LIN DAVIS, Parents Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays                                                                    
(PFLAG) Juneau, paraphrased from her written testimony, which                                                                   
read in part as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     There  is  an ongoing  urgent  need  to  protect  us LGBTQ                                                                 
     Alaskans    through   HB   184.   Especially   transgender                                                                 
     Alaskans     they  are  very  vulnerable  to violence   and                                                                
     vilification.  Last  year,  33 of us  LGBTQ from  all over                                                                 
     the   state  testified   for  SB  74,   Senator  Gardner's                                                                 
     protection    bill.   33   of   us   shared   stories    of                                                                
     discrimination.   In  summer  of  2016,  29  LGBTQ  Juneau                                                                 
     people  told  the  CBJ  Assembly  about  losing   jobs  and                                                                
     apartments,  being  kicked out  of public  accommodations,                                                                 
     being  turned  down for  financial  services.  Many people                                                                 
     talked  through  tears  sharing  their  stories.  And  now,                                                                
     all  of   us  testifiers  have  experienced   a  dangerous                                                                 
     increase in anti-LGBTQ rhetoric.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     This  is  a  perfect  time  to  move  this  bill  forward.                                                                 
     Please vote today to showcase equality in Alaska.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     My  wife, a family  physician,  Dr. Mo Longworth,  reminds                                                                 
     me  that  the Alaskan  Academy  of  Family Physicians   has                                                                
     always   strongly   spoken    out  for   statewide   LGBTQ                                                                 
     protections.   Research  from   the  National  Academy   of                                                                
     Family  Physicians  shows  improved  health  outcomes   for                                                                
     individuals  and  communities  when LGBTQ  protections  are                                                                
     in  place.   And  studies  show  there  is  less  violence                                                                 
     toward women when LGBTQ people are respected.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Fairness  in housing,  employment,  public  accommodations                                                                 
     and   financial   services  is   basic  to   surviving   in                                                                
     Alaska.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     My    most    recent    and   troubling    knowledge     of                                                                
     discrimination   comes   from  meeting   with  transgender                                                                 
     high  school  students.  They  are under  siege  for being                                                                 
     who   they   are.  Their   families   and   friends  worry                                                                 
     constantly   about  their   safety.  Alaska   can  send   a                                                                
     national  message  of  inclusion  and  respect  by passing                                                                 
     HB 184.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     Thank you for hearing our concerns.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:33:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
KIM  LEA testified   that her  preferred  name  is  Emogene  Kimberly                                                           
Lea and  her preferred  pronouns  are she,  her, hers.   She  offered                                                           
that  the  U.S.  has had  for  the  past  century  a  positive  trend                                                           
regarding  civil rights:   no  longer does  one see  NINA, "No  Irish                                                           
Need  Apply,"  in  hiring  notices,  "whites  only"  signs  on  water                                                           
fountains,   or  Alaskan  Natives  being  required   to  sit  in  the                                                           
balcony  away from  white  folk.   She mentioned  that  these  things                                                           
happened  mostly in her  lifetime.   She added that  lately the  U.S.                                                           
has avoided  the  practice of  shipping  segments of  its population                                                            
to concentration  camps  in desolate  parts of the  U.S.  She  stated                                                           
that it is her desire to encourage this trend.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MS. LEA  relayed  that six  and a  half decades  ago, as  a child  in                                                           
the  Alaska  education  system,  she  was  taught  that  one  of  the                                                           
basic  tenants  of American  law  is  that all  people  are  afforded                                                           
the same  protection  before the  law -  that all  people are  equal.                                                           
She was  taught  that there  was a separation  of  state and  church,                                                           
so that  religious  teachings  of one faith  are not  imposed upon  a                                                           
person of another faith or a person of no faith.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS.  LEA stated  that  there is  much "to  do"  in the  press in  the                                                           
past  few   years;  conservative   members   of  a  given  religious                                                            
leaning  are strongly  opposed  to equal  rights for  persons who  do                                                           
not  conform  to  the rigid  binary  division  of  people  as  solely                                                           
male or  female.  She  offered that  she finds  this strange,  as the                                                           
Jewish  religion  from  which  their  faith  springs  recognizes  six                                                           
genders.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS. LEA  clarified the  word "gender"  as follows:   "Your gender  is                                                           
who you  go to  bed as, and  your sexual  orientation  is who you  go                                                           
to bed  with."   She shared  that she  is transgender;  she was  born                                                           
with a male body; and she identifies as female.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS.  LEA maintained  that  religion  has no  place in  American  law;                                                           
if there  is  a real  problem, like  assault  weapons  being used  to                                                           
slaughter   our  children,   then  take  appropriate   and   decisive                                                           
action.   She emphasized  that action  should not  be taken based  on                                                           
the  agitation   of  a  relatively   small   part  of  one   American                                                           
religious  population,  who selectively  pick  and  choose the  parts                                                           
of the Christian Old Testament that they choose to enforce.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS. LEA  relayed  that she  recognizes  from a  political standpoint                                                            
the  desirability  of targeting  small  demographic  groups that  are                                                           
not  likely  to have  the  political  or  economic  power  to  defend                                                           
themselves  as  are larger  segments  of the  population,  who  might                                                           
fight  back.   There  is  less  chance  of  sustaining  push-back  to                                                           
one's  peer group,  if  no one  knows a  person  who is  part of  the                                                           
target group.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MS. LEA  stated,  "I am a  'trans' person  - probably  the first  one                                                           
you've  met."    She   said  that  there  are  only  about   six  per                                                           
thousand, and she offered that if they can "pass," they will.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MS.  LEA  relayed  that she  recognizes  the  right  of  religion  to                                                           
disprove  anything it  desires and  to enforce  those beliefs  within                                                           
its  willing  congregation.     She  admonished,  "To  such   groups,                                                           
judge not lest you be judged.  Love God, love your neighbor."                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MS.  LEA  offered  that  as  a  transgender   woman,  she  seeks  two                                                           
things:   to  be perceived  as a  valid  being within  the community                                                            
and  to be  treated with  respect.   She  asked  to be  treated as  a                                                           
human and  treated with  respect  using her preferred  pronouns;  she                                                           
asked  that she  be  allowed  to void  her bowel  and  bladder  where                                                           
she  chooses,  comfortably  and  privately.   She  added  that  there                                                           
are stalls, and she would not see anything inappropriate.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:37:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
BARBARA  LEARMONTH  testified  that as  a Christian,   she wishes  to                                                           
correct  the  common,  and  very  hurtful,  misperception   that  all                                                           
Christian  churches  discriminate  against  people  based  on  sexual                                                           
orientation.  She stated that her Episcopal Church does not.                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. LEARMONTH  relayed  that  she has had  many years  of experience                                                            
at  work   places  that   do  not   discriminate   based  on   sexual                                                           
orientation.     She  stated  that   personally  she  has   not  been                                                           
discriminated  against  but  feels compelled  to  speak  for her  gay                                                           
co-workers.   She  said  that it  is not  just that  their inclusion                                                            
in the  workplace is  not a problem,  it's that  the workplace  would                                                           
have  suffered  if  they  had  been excluded.    She  referred  to  a                                                           
senior  manager,  who  was  one of  the  wisest  and  most effective                                                            
senior  managers   that  she   has  ever  known;   the  agency,   the                                                           
clientele,  and  she herself  would  have suffered,  if  he has  been                                                           
excluded  because of  his sexual orientation.    She offered that  he                                                           
is just one of many such people.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS. LEARMONTH  relayed  that there  is no factual  reason to  exclude                                                           
people  from  a  workplace  based  on  sexual  orientation;   current                                                           
times  are very  challenging,  and workplaces  need  all the  skilled                                                           
people they can get.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
4:39:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
KEVIN  MCGEE,  President,  Anchorage  National  Association  for  the                                                           
Advancement   of  Colored   People   (NAACP),  testified   that   the                                                           
mission  of the  NAACP is  to promote  equality and  equal treatment                                                            
under  the law.   He said that  it is  in that tradition  that  he is                                                           
testifying  in support  of HB 184.   The proposed  legislation  would                                                           
ensure  that  sexual  orientation   and gender   identity  cannot  be                                                           
used as a legal basis for discriminating against Alaskans.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MCGEE relayed  that  HB  184 would  help  ensure  that  Alaskans                                                           
have  a "level  playing  field" when  they  look for  jobs,  housing,                                                           
and credit,  and  use public  accommodations.   He  offered that  the                                                           
average  Alaskan probably  considers  these civil  rights safeguards                                                            
already  to  be  law;  most  people  see  the  protection   of  civil                                                           
rights  as  a  "no-brainer";  those  rights  are  widely  recognized                                                            
both  in  society  and  in  federal  law.   He  stated  that  HB  184                                                           
represents  an opportunity  to  protect  civil rights  through  state                                                           
law,  which is  important  both as  a matter  of principle  and  as a                                                           
practical  matter  for  Alaskans  who  should  not  be  subjected  to                                                           
discrimination  in their  daily lives.   He thanked  the legislators                                                            
who co-sponsored the proposed legislation.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:41:55 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
BESSI  ODAM  testified  that  many  people  come to  Alaska  just  to                                                           
visit;  some  decide to  call  Alaska home.    She relayed  that  her                                                           
parents  are among  them;  they came  from  Mississippi  in 1972  not                                                           
knowing  they  would  become  permanent  residents  of Alaska.    She                                                           
offered  that  her  parents  were  attracted   to  the  freedom  that                                                           
Mississippi  did not  allow; they  were content  in knowing that  the                                                           
discrimination  that  dominated  their  lives in  the  South was  not                                                           
as apparent in the Last Frontier.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS. ODAM  stated that  it was here  in Alaska that  her parents  were                                                           
able  to truly  live  unafraid.   She  said that  she  has heard  the                                                           
stories  of discrimination  of  her parents  and emphasized  that  no                                                           
one  deserves  to be  treated  as  anything  less  than human.    She                                                           
maintained  that  a  person  should  not  be  discriminated   against                                                           
because  of  race,  gender,  or  sexual  orientation.    She  offered                                                           
that  Alaska  has  always   provided  its  residents   a  haven  from                                                           
discrimination;  it  must strive  to ensure  that Alaska  remains  as                                                           
such.                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS.  ODAN relayed  that it  is time  not only  to support  people  of                                                           
various  genders and  sexual orientation,  but also  to protect  them                                                           
with  the inclusive  language  of  HB 184.    She requested  a  "yes"                                                           
vote.                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
4:43:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
GRACE  MATTHEWS  testified  that growing  up  "queer"  in Alaska  has                                                           
not  been  easy.    She  stated  that  when  she  moved  out  of  her                                                           
parents'  house  at age  18 and  rented  a dry  cabin  in the  woods,                                                           
she wondered  if  her landlord  would want  to evict  her if she  was                                                           
aware  of Ms. Matthews's  girlfriend.    She related  that after  she                                                           
received  her automotive  mechanics  certificate,  she got her  first                                                           
job in  an automobile  ("auto") shop.   Her co-workers  were not  shy                                                           
when  talking about  their  intolerance.   She  said  that she  never                                                           
told  her  boss or  her  co-workers  about  her girlfriend,   because                                                           
she was well aware she could lose her job.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MS.  MATTHEWS  reported  that she  is  testifying  in support  of  HB                                                           
184 so  that Alaskans  younger that  she need not  grow up wondering                                                            
if they  belong  in Alaska.   She  expressed  that she  loves  Alaska                                                           
and  Alaskans; Alaskans  are  independent,  hard-working,  and  kind.                                                           
She maintained  that  discrimination  is not an  Alaskan value.   She                                                           
urged the committee to pass HB 184 out of committee.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
4:45:21 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
KARA  CARLSON testified  that  a few  years ago  she  was invited  to                                                           
walk in  the Golden  Days Parade with  PFLAG -  an organization  that                                                           
focuses  on advancing  equality  for people  who identify  as  LGBTQ.                                                           
She  mentioned that  it  was her  first time  walking  with PFLAG  or                                                           
any  LGBTQ organization.    She said  that when  she  showed up,  she                                                           
was met  by 15 energetic,  passionate  strangers,  who were  standing                                                           
between  two  groups  of  people  who  were  not  excited  about  the                                                           
presence   of  the  PFLAG   group.     She  relayed   that  she   was                                                           
terrified,  walked  back to her  car, and  called her  dad in  tears,                                                           
because  she  did not  feel  strong  enough  to be  an ally  on  that                                                           
day.   She  stated  that  her  dad  reminded  her that  she  had  the                                                           
choice to go home - a privilege not everyone has.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS. CARLSON  continued  by saying  that  during that  same year,  she                                                           
experienced  discrimination  for  the  first  time.   She emphasized                                                            
that  this experience  in no  way compares  with the  experiences  of                                                           
her  friends,  colleagues,   and neighbors   who  have  lifetimes  of                                                           
experiences  with discrimination.    She stated  that  it is just  an                                                           
example  of what  not  having these  protections  does  to everyone.                                                            
She  said that  as a  young single  mother,  she has  been fortunate                                                            
to find  safe, affordable  housing.   Since she  was a model  tenant,                                                           
she  was surprised  and  saddened  at the  many threats  of  eviction                                                           
and  reprimands  that  followed when  her  landlord  saw  her at  the                                                           
parade.   She said that  she wished  she could  articulate how  scary                                                           
it  was for  her, as  a single  mother,  to feel  at risk  of  losing                                                           
her  housing.    She stated  that  more  importantly,   her  friends,                                                           
families,   and   neighbors   actually   do   lose   housing,   jobs,                                                           
livelihoods,  and  basic human  rights  because society  has  decided                                                           
there  are groups  of  people  who do  not deserve  the  same  rights                                                           
the rest of society enjoys and takes for granted every day.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS. CARLSON  asked  for support  of HB 184  and updating  the law  to                                                           
ensure  that Alaska  residents  are  judged  on job  performance  and                                                           
qualifications.    She  said  that no  one  should  have to  live  in                                                           
fear  of being legally  fired  for reasons  that have  nothing  to do                                                           
with  job performance   or fear  of  being denied  housing  or  other                                                           
services.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:48:21 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MARINA   DAY  testified   that   the  other   day   in  church,   the                                                           
congregation  was asked  to write  their  worst fears  on a piece  of                                                           
paper  and pass it  to another  person.   She said  that the one  she                                                           
received  stated, "My  son came out  last Christmas.   We're all  100                                                           
percent  for him,  but I  will always  worry  about him  as his  mom,                                                           
especially  as  people cannot  be  so accepting."   She  stated  that                                                           
no  mother  in  Alaska  should  have to  have  those  worries.    She                                                           
urged  the committee  to pass  HB 184 out  of committee.   She  asked                                                           
the committee  to  do so in  honor of the  "love in  your heart"  and                                                           
in  honor  of  [former  Senator]  Georgianna  Lincoln   whose  Senate                                                           
Bill  [163,  Twenty-Second   Alaska  State  Legislature,  2001-2002]                                                            
would  have brought  protection  for  my (indisc.)  in  the state  15                                                           
years prior.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. DAY  relayed  that issues  of crimes  against  humanity will  not                                                           
go away  without  the shield  of law.   She suggested  that SB  [163]                                                           
might have  prevented  years of despondency  in  Alaska communities.                                                            
She  urged passage  of HB  184 in  honor of  all who  have testified                                                            
against  hate crimes  and discrimination  every  time legislation  is                                                           
introduced.   She  maintained  that  human rights  law  in the  state                                                           
is meant  to secure  the peace, order,  health,  safety, and  general                                                           
welfare  of  the   state  and  its  people.    She  asked   that  the                                                           
committee  members  end the  (indisc.) of  the non-binary  and  allow                                                           
the  vast expression   of gender  that  exists  in the  human  realm.                                                           
She urged  passage  of HB 184  in honor  of "love in  your heart  and                                                           
because love trumps hate."                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:50:51 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHANNON  PRICE paraphrased  from his  written testimony,  which  read                                                           
as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Thank  you, Mr./Madam  Chair.  For the  record  my name  is                                                                
     Channon  Price,  and I  live in  House District  04/Senate                                                                 
     District   B.  I  have  been  a  voting  citizen  in  that                                                                 
     district  for  over  thirty  years,  during  which  time  I                                                                
     have also raised a family.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     I  have come  today to  offer my  views on House  Bill  184                                                                
     (SB    72),    which    would    update   Alaska's    non-                                                                 
     discrimination statutes.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     The  right  to  self-expression   should  only be  limited                                                                 
     when  it poses  a clear  danger to  the safety  of others.                                                                 
     Within  that  limitation,   any person   should  enjoy  the                                                                
     same rights as others.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Historically,   Alaska  lead  the nation  in  establishing                                                                 
     protections   against   discrimination   in   housing   and                                                                
     employment   based  on race,  creed,  color  and  national                                                                 
     origin.  Our great  state has  added protections  covering                                                                 
     individuals     against     discrimination     based     on                                                                
     disability,   age,  sex,  marital  status,  pregnancy   and                                                                
     parenthood.  This  is because  there was and  continues  to                                                                
     be  a  sense  that  our  state  is  great  because   it  is                                                                
     plural:  that this  is not just  a great state  for, as  an                                                                
     example, white males.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     Regrettably,  in  2015 the  Alaska  Supreme Court  found  a                                                                
     very  narrow   definition  of  the  protections  based   on                                                                
     sex,  choosing   to exclude   sexual  orientation,  gender                                                                 
     identity,     and    gender    expression    from    those                                                                 
     protections.   I personally   know  of Alaskans   who have                                                                 
     been   impacted,   both   in   their   attempts   to  find                                                                 
     employment  and in  their attempts  to obtain  housing,  by                                                                
     discrimination     against    orientation    or    against                                                                 
     identity/expression.   This   is  wrong:  orientation   and                                                                
     identity  have  no relation  to  how well  one  does their                                                                 
     job,  and   what  goes  on  behind  closed  doors   --  our                                                                
     private  lives  --  is no  one's  business  as long  as  it                                                                
     stays with the limitation noted above.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Discrimination   is based  on  beliefs.  You  are entitled                                                                 
     to  your belief,  as  long as  it does  not cause  harm  to                                                                
     others.  It  was  a  founding  principle   of this  nation                                                                 
     that  one  group  of  citizens  never  have  the  right  to                                                                
     impose  their  religious   beliefs  on another   group,  as                                                                
     this  infringes  on  the  right  of  the  second  group  to                                                                
     practice   their  beliefs  as  they  saw  fit,  to  choose                                                                 
     their  beliefs.  Orientation  and identity  are  even more                                                                 
     fundamental   than  beliefs,  as  one  does  not  have  the                                                                
     choice   of one's   orientation  and  identity:  in  that,                                                                 
     they  are like  one's color  or national origin.  Thus,  it                                                                
     is  just as wrong  to discriminate  against  an individual                                                                 
     based on their orientation and identity.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     For  these reasons,  I wholeheartedly  support  this bill,                                                                 
     and  I encourage  the committee  to  move the  bill to  the                                                                
     full House for its consideration and approval.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     I  would like  to thank  the committee  for their  time  in                                                                
     considering my point of view.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
4:53:17 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ROSE  O'HARA-JOLLEY  testified that  Alaska  is her home  and she  is                                                           
dedicated  to making  it a better  place.  She  said that she  worked                                                           
as  an educator  of  young children  of  special  needs  for over  13                                                           
years and  currently  teaches teachers  at the  University of  Alaska                                                           
Fairbanks  (UAF).   She  stated  that  although  she does  not  worry                                                           
about  her  job  at  UAF,  she  has had  to  hide  who  she  is  from                                                           
employers  in the past  out of fear:   fear of  being fired;  fear of                                                           
being  targeted  in her  small  community;  and  fear of  losing  her                                                           
housing.   She relayed  that she is  not alone;  44 percent of  LGBTQ                                                           
people  report discrimination  at  work.   It is unacceptable   to be                                                           
denied  employment,  housing,   or other  services  in  a  place  she                                                           
calls  home, because  of  her gender  identity  and because  of  whom                                                           
she loves.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MS.  O'HARA-JOLLEY  offered that  the cities  of  Anchorage,  Juneau,                                                           
and  Sitka  have   all  passed  legislation   protecting   the  LGBTQ                                                           
community  from  discrimination,   which  means  that   over  330,000                                                           
Alaskans  -  over  half  the state's   population  -  are protected.                                                            
She said  that she finds  it upsetting  that she  must "come  out" to                                                           
the House  State Affairs  Standing  Committee in  hopes of receiving                                                            
the  same protections  for  other  Alaskans.   She relayed  that  the                                                           
city  in  which  she  lives  does  not  offer  protections  based  on                                                           
sexual  orientation  and  gender identity;  therefore,   a result  of                                                           
her  testifying   could   directly   affect  her   ability  to   gain                                                           
employment  or  housing.   She  emphasized  that  it is  time  Alaska                                                           
stops  its   "patchwork"   approach  to  protections   and   let  all                                                           
Alaskans know they are valued.  She urged support of HB 184.                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
4:55:39 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LIZ  FURMAN testified  that  she is  an ally  of LGBTQ  people.   She                                                           
stated  that she  is a  substitute  teacher;  she works  in  homeless                                                           
shelters,  as  a wilderness  therapy  guide,  and with  youth  having                                                           
mental  health  disorders.    She maintained  that  Alaska  needs  to                                                           
update  its nondiscrimination   clause  to include  LGBTQ  folks  and                                                           
promote dignity and human rights in the community.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MS. FURMAN  relayed  that as  a teacher  and someone  who has  worked                                                           
with  youth  and  homeless  people,   she worries   about  the  LGBTQ                                                           
teens,  especially the  transgender  teens, who  experience  violence                                                           
and hate  speech  almost daily.   She  stated that  working with  at-                                                           
risk  and homeless  people, she  has noticed  that  LGBTQ people  are                                                           
over-represented  in  those two  groups.   She added  that it is  not                                                           
because  they  are  doing  something   wrong  but  because  they  are                                                           
experiencing discrimination in housing and employment.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS.  FURMAN offered  that  sexual  orientation  has  no relationship                                                            
to  job performance  and  no relationship  to  one's  ability to  pay                                                           
rent  or be  a respectful  homeowner.    She  emphasized  that it  is                                                           
shameful  and wrong  that in Alaska,  discrimination  in housing  and                                                           
employment  is allowed  based  on sexual  orientation  and identity.                                                            
She  maintained that  this  kind of  systemic discrimination   haunts                                                           
society   and  strips  LGBTQ   individuals   of  dignity  and   basic                                                           
rights.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MS.  FURMAN  relayed  that in  her  experience,  LGBTQ  people  bring                                                           
positive  strength,  skill,  and perspective,   and should  have  the                                                           
right  to practice  their beliefs  as they  see fit.   She mentioned                                                            
that  Alaska  communities   need  these  diverse  leaders   and  role                                                           
models,  and  Alaska   should  protect  their  rights.     She  urged                                                           
support of HB 184.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
4:57:50 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LIZ LYKE  testified that  she is a  transgender  woman and has  lived                                                           
in Alaska  eight  years.   She said  that  Alaska really  became  her                                                           
home three  years  ago when she  came out;  Alaska  is a place  where                                                           
everyone  is accepted  and included.   She stated  that she has  done                                                           
her part  to make  Alaska better.   She  expressed  that to have  the                                                           
best  Alaska possible,  Alaska  needs to  allow  everyone, including                                                            
LGBTQ people,  to have  the best life  possible -  the best job,  the                                                           
best   housing,   the  best   loans  -   everything   everyone   else                                                           
experiences.   She  maintained  that Alaska  has given  her so  much,                                                           
and she does her part to give back.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MS.   LYKE   relayed   that   currently    24   states   have   LGBTQ                                                           
protections;  Alaska can  stand on  the "right side  of history"  and                                                           
be number 25.  She urged passage of HB 184 out of committee.                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
4:59:24 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LIZ TAPP  testified  that when  she first  moved to  Alaska from  Los                                                           
Angeles,  she was  impressed  most by  the kindness  and helpfulness                                                            
of everyone.    She said  that everyone  was  helpful  when she  knew                                                           
nothing about snow, cold, or how to get appropriate necessities.                                                                
She  stated  that she  now  wonders  whether the  store  clerk  would                                                           
have  been as  helpful,  or  the Division  of  Motor  Vehicles  (DMV)                                                           
[staff]  would have  been as  helpful, or  she would  have been  able                                                           
to find  housing as  easily, if people  had known  she was gay.   She                                                           
declared  that she  is not sure  of that  now.  She  maintained  that                                                           
she has  the luxury  of  looking like  "your average,  middle-class,                                                            
white  woman"; it  is a luxury  not everyone  has.   She opined  that                                                           
she should  not have  to rely  on that  luxury; she  should not  have                                                           
to hide  the fact  that she  has a  beautiful transgender  wife;  she                                                           
should  not have  to worry  about  where her  wife goes  and how  she                                                           
will  be treated;  she  should  not have  to  worry if  doctors  will                                                           
turn her  away; she  should not have  to worry  if police will  treat                                                           
her differently;  she  should not have  to worry  about any of  these                                                           
issues,  because her  wife's rights  should be  protected like  those                                                           
of anyone  else.  She  asserted that  she wishes  everyone in  Alaska                                                           
could  have the  same experience  she  had when  she  first moved  to                                                           
Alaska  - the  experience  of kind,  helpful  Alaskans  reaching  out                                                           
with  offers  of  help  - but  she  knows  that  they  do not.    She                                                           
maintained   that   HB  184   would   help   to  further   what   she                                                           
experienced.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
5:01:34 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ABBY NORTH  testified  that she is  Ms. Tapp's wife  - a transgender                                                            
woman  - and  a teacher.   She  said  that since  she  came out,  she                                                           
has been  discriminated  against twice;  she was  refused service  at                                                           
a  pharmacy  and  she  was  refused  service  at  a gun  shop.    She                                                           
stated  that  she  is  lucky enough  to  have  a  job  that  includes                                                           
protections  for  sexual orientation  and  gender identity,  and  she                                                           
and  her  wife  own  their  home.    She  stated   that  she  is  not                                                           
testifying   for   herself,   but   for  all   LGBTQ   Alaskans   and                                                           
especially   for  her  LGBTQ  students.    She  relayed   that  these                                                           
students  get  tortured  daily.    She  offered  that  she  tries  to                                                           
fight  it and  to encourage  her  colleagues  to fight  it;  however,                                                           
she worries  about  those students  when  they leave  school, go  out                                                           
into  the real  world, and  can't find  a job  or home  for no  other                                                           
reason  than  because  of  who they  are  or  whom  they love.    She                                                           
urged passage of HB 184 to protect all Alaskans equally.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
5:03:56 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MORGAN   WILHELM  testified   that   she  is  a   fourth  generation                                                            
Alaskan,  who plans to  stay in Alaska  and who  has traveled  around                                                           
the  world.   She  maintained  that  wherever  she  goes,  she  finds                                                           
herself  bragging  about  the  vibrant  cultures  and  landscapes  in                                                           
which  she  grew up.   She  stated  that  she does  not  mention  her                                                           
fear of  losing her  job because she  is gay or  her wife losing  her                                                           
job  by announcing  her  marriage at  work.   She stated  that  being                                                           
gay  is  part  of  her  identity,  which  she  cannot  change.    She                                                           
maintained  that  Alaska  is where  she  wants  to thrive  and  spend                                                           
her life  as an openly  gay resident.   She asked  for support  of HB                                                           
184 to  protect her  ability to obtain  and maintain  employment  and                                                           
live with dignity and honesty.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
5:05:28 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
PAMELA  SAMESH  expressed  her  concern  with  HB 184.    She  stated                                                           
that  she has  not seen  discrimination  due  to  sexual orientation                                                            
in  her  community   and  is  surprised   at  the  testimony.     She                                                           
referred  to testimony  stating  that  children  in the  schools  are                                                           
being  discriminated  against.    She  stated  that  she  is  heavily                                                           
involved  in  the schools  and  maintained  that a  misunderstanding                                                            
exists;  what some  people  are interpreting  as  discrimination  may                                                           
be concern  that schools  are pressuring  children  to become  LGBTQ;                                                           
and  there seems  to  be a  strong  liberal  movement.   She  relayed                                                           
that  as a Christian,  she  believes  that everyone  is  made by  God                                                           
in the  womb of his/her  mother.   She maintained  that children  are                                                           
being  coerced  into  being  LGBTQ;   they  see other   people  being                                                           
LGBTQ;  they   are  taught   it  is  good   and  natural;  and   they                                                           
experiment  with  it and become  confused,  depressed,  and  suicidal                                                           
because  of the confusion.   She said  that the  American Academy  of                                                           
Pediatrics  (AAP)  agrees  that society  needs  to be  careful  about                                                           
pressuring children into the LGBTQ movement.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
5:08:44 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ZHENIA   PETERSON   began    her   testimony   but   due   to   audio                                                           
difficulties, agreed to send in written testimony instead.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
5:10:05 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ALYSSA  QUINTYNE  testified   that  she and  her  fellow  testifiers                                                            
from Fairbanks  work  hard to make  the city safe  for LGBTQ  people.                                                           
It  is  frustrating  when  legislation  that  could  protect   people                                                           
that  they   care  about  and  work   with  does  not  pass.     Such                                                           
legislation  would give  her and other  allies the  leverage to  help                                                           
those who  are being  discriminated  against.  She  said that  having                                                           
the    proposed    legislation    pass    would   not    only    make                                                           
nondiscrimination  law  but  allow people  to  avoid living  in  fear                                                           
of losing  their  jobs and  give parents  of LGBTQ  children a  legal                                                           
avenue.    She maintained   that LGBTQ  children  are  discriminated                                                            
against,  and  it should  not  happen;  no kid  should  have to  face                                                           
not  being accepted  by  his/her community.    She urged  passage  of                                                           
HB  184;   for  legislators   to   encourage  support   among   their                                                           
constituents;  and  by passage  of the  proposed legislation  to  let                                                           
the LGBTQ community know they are supported and welcome.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
5:12:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JEFF  CHEN paraphrased  from  his written  testimony,  which read  as                                                           
follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Thank  you  Chairman.  For  the record,  my  name  is Jeff                                                                 
     Chen.  I live  in  House District  18,  and I  am speaking                                                                 
     on behalf of myself.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     I'm  testifying  in support  of House  Bill 184  because  I                                                                
     believe   the   State   of   Alaska   should   have   non-                                                                 
     discrimination    laws   for   everyone,   including    our                                                                
     Lesbian,    Gay,   Bisexual,    Transgender,   and   Queer                                                                 
     community members.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     I  am   a  Taiwanese   American.  I  work   in  the  youth                                                                 
     conservation   community.   And  I  am  on  the  Board   of                                                                
     Directors  of  the Alaska  Chinese  Association,  though  I                                                                
     am only representing myself in my testimony.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     Our  history  is  full  of acts  of  legal  discrimination                                                                 
     based  on local,  state, and  federal policies.  Immigrant                                                                 
     families  know  discrimination  --  legal  discrimination.                                                                 
     For  example,  the Chinese  Exclusion  Act of  1882 barred                                                                 
     Chinese   immigrants   from   entering  the   country   and                                                                
     gaining  access  to housing,  work,  and places  of public                                                                 
     accommodation.   The ramifications   were felt  throughout                                                                 
     society,  and  led  to  physical  violence  and  literally                                                                 
     the massacre of Chinese communities.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     There   is  no  justice   in  excluding   based  on  race,                                                                 
     religion,    color,    national     origin,    age,   sex,                                                                 
     disability,  and  marital  status --  just as  there is  no                                                                
     justice  in  discriminating  based  on sexual  orientation                                                                 
     and gender identity.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     44%     of    LGBTQ     respondents     reported    facing                                                                 
     discrimination  at  work. In  Alaska, that  discrimination                                                                 
     is  legal,  and  that  discrimination   is  leading  to  an                                                                
     increase in anti-LGBTQ violence across the country.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     I  support HB  184 because  our  LGBTQ family  and friends                                                                 
     should   not   have   to   face  discrimination    in   the                                                                
     workplace,   in public,  or  at  home.  Remember,  through                                                                 
     the  perseverance   of  Elizabeth  Peratrovich  and  other                                                                 
     Alaska  Native  and Alaskan  advocates,  our  state passed                                                                 
     some  of the nation's  first  anti-discrimination  laws.  I                                                                
     urge you to support HB 184. Thank you.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
5:14:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MELISSA  BURGER testified  that  as a proud  LGBTQ  advocate in  high                                                           
school,  it  breaks her  heart  to see  such  amazing  and wonderful                                                            
students  suffer   discrimination  based   on  who  they  are.    She                                                           
mentioned  that  the high  school  she attends  is the  most  diverse                                                           
school  in  the  nation;  it  includes   students  not  only  of  all                                                           
races,  religions,  and color,  but also  LGBTQ students.   She  said                                                           
that  when  people  ask her  what  it  is she  needs,  now  that  gay                                                           
marriage   is   possible,   she  responds   by   saying   she   needs                                                           
antidiscrimination  laws.   She  mentioned  that due  to Proposition                                                            
1  in  Anchorage  [Access  to  Public  Bathrooms   and  Locker  Rooms                                                           
Based  on Sex  at Birth],  the LGBTQ  community  needs HB  184 to  be                                                           
passed now more than ever.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
5:16:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MELISSA  GOLDSTEIN,  Legal  Fellow,  Alaska   Civil Liberties   Union                                                           
(ACLU)  of  Alaska,  testified  that in  2015,  the  National  Center                                                           
for  Transgender   Equality  (NCTE)   conducted  a  survey   of  over                                                           
27,000   transgender   Americans,   including  84   Alaskans.     She                                                           
provided  the  following  statistics  regarding  the  discrimination                                                            
that  transgender Alaskans  face  on a daily  basis:   in Alaska,  85                                                           
percent  of  transgender  children  have  faced  discrimination   and                                                           
harassment;   over  half  of  transgender   children  were   verbally                                                           
harassed;  nearly  one-third  were  physically   harassed  for  being                                                           
transgender;   14  percent  were   sexually  assaulted   -  that  is,                                                           
specifically  attacked  because they  were transgender;  nearly  one-                                                           
quarter  of  transgender   children  in  Alaska  faced   such  severe                                                           
mistreatment that they left a K through 12 school.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GOLDSTEIN   relayed  that  transgender   adults  are  similarly                                                            
impacted:    in  2015  alone,   one-third  of  transgender   Alaskans                                                           
experienced   some  form  of  housing   discrimination;   43  percent                                                           
experienced  homelessness;  and  17 percent  were  denied employment                                                            
opportunities  or  were fired  because of  their gender  identity  or                                                           
expression.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GOLDSTEIN stated  that  Anchorage  has protected  its residents                                                            
from  discrimination   based   on  sexual   orientation  and   gender                                                           
identity  or  expression  since 2015  without  issue;  however,  even                                                           
Anchorage's  protections   are under  attack.    These  attacks  make                                                           
antidiscrimination  legislation   like HB  184 even  more necessary.                                                            
She referred  to  the research  attached  to her  written testimony,                                                            
included   in   the   committee    packet,   entitled    "2015   U.S.                                                           
Transgender Survey Alaska State Report."                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
5:19:23 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JUDY ANDREE,  League  of Women Voters  of Alaska  (LWVAK), testified                                                            
that  both  the League  of  Women  Voters  of the  U.S.  (LWVUS)  and                                                           
LWBAK   believe    that   one   of   government's   most   important                                                            
responsibilities   is  to  protect  the  rights  and  safety  of  all                                                           
citizens.    She maintained  that  HB  184 would  help  provide  such                                                           
protection.    She  stated  that   a society   is  weakened  when  it                                                           
excludes  some  of its  citizens  from  full  participation  and  the                                                           
rights  and  opportunities   available  to  most  of  its  citizens;                                                            
therefore,  LWVAK  strongly  supports  HB 184  -  a bill  to  protect                                                           
the  rights   of  persons  regardless   of  sexual  orientation   and                                                           
gender identity or expression.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MS. ANDREE  urged the  committee members  to consider  the rights  of                                                           
all their constituents and pass HB 184 out of committee.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
5:20:38 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
KASEY  CASORT paraphrased  from  his written  testimony,  which  read                                                           
as follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Hello,   my   name   is  Kasey   Casort,   and   I'm  from                                                                 
     Fairbanks.  I  am  testifying  in  support of  HB  184.  In                                                                
     high  school,  I was  the  Vice President  of  my school's                                                                 
     Gender  Sexuality   Alliance,  and  I  wrote  a letter   of                                                                
     support  for  a  different  version  of this  bill  when  I                                                                
     was  fourteen. It  was the first  bill I  ever printed  out                                                                
     and   went  through   with   a  highlighter,   because   it                                                                
     mattered  so  much to  me. Now  I'm  nineteen, and  I know                                                                 
     that   it   just   makes   sense   to   have   fundamental                                                                 
     protections under the law.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     Young  people  like  me  have  grown up  watching  America                                                                 
     learn  to  accept  us  for  who we  love  and  the  way  we                                                                
     live,  but in  Alaska we  can still  be fired,  kicked  out                                                                
     of   our  homes,   denied   loans,   and  prevented   from                                                                 
     achieving  our  full potential  based  on our  identities.                                                                 
     I  am an  ally, and  I know  that it's  time to  move this                                                                 
     bill  out  of committee   and onto  the  floor,  where  our                                                                
     representatives   can  show   us  that  they're  ready   to                                                                
     stand  up  for all  of  their constituents.   I appreciate                                                                 
     the  opportunity  to  testify  today,  and I  urge  you  to                                                                
     support HB 184. Thank you.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
5:22:02 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ISADORE  CHRISTIANSON  testified  that  he is  a student  and  member                                                           
of  the Campus  Inclusivity   Alliance  (CIA) at  the  University  of                                                           
Alaska  Southeast  (UAS).    He  relayed  that  he  supports  HB  184                                                           
because  of his belief  that at this  point in  history it should  be                                                           
a given  that everyone  on the LGBTQ  spectrum should  be allowed  to                                                           
live  freely  without  threat  of  discrimination;  it  should  be  a                                                           
given that  parents take  needed time  off from  work to raise  their                                                           
children;  it   should  be  a  given  that  people  with   mental  or                                                           
physical  disabilities   receive  accommodations;   it  should  be  a                                                           
given  that  people  be  allowed  time  off  from  work  to  practice                                                           
their religions.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MR.  CHRISTIANSON  asserted  that  while  Alaska  has  made  a  great                                                           
deal  of progress  in terms  of inclusion,  the fact  that this  bill                                                           
needs   to  be   passed  in   2018  and   Anchorage   residents   are                                                           
struggling   with  an  "anti-trans"   ballot  measure,  demonstrates                                                            
that Alaska  still has  a way to  go. He maintained  there are  still                                                           
young  adults   in  Alaska   struggling  with   getting  support   in                                                           
certain  places  from  certain  people.   He  said  that if  his  gay                                                           
friends  cannot  get  the  support  they  need  from  their  parents,                                                           
they should at least have more amiable work environments.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR.  CHRISTIANSON   relayed   that  the  passage   of  the   proposed                                                           
legislation  would  be important   not only  for Alaska's  political                                                            
climate  but  for  American's  political   climate.    He emphasized                                                            
that  legislators'  priorities  should  be  to create  opportunities                                                            
and  not   restrict  them;   to  nurture  dreams,   not  deny   them.                                                           
(indisc.)     He  maintained   that  legislators   cannot  say   they                                                           
support  family  values  and  cast  their votes  against  supporting                                                            
families;  they   cannot  say  that  "all  men  are  created   equal"                                                           
without supporting legislation that reaffirms unity.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR. CHRISTIANSON   concluded by  saying he  endorses  the passage  of                                                           
HB  184 as  reflective  of the  rights granted  every  citizen  under                                                           
the U.S.  Constitution  and  the Alaska  Constitution,  and he  hopes                                                           
the legislators will support it as well.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
5:24:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  KREISS-TOMKINS   closed   public  testimony  on   HB  184  and                                                           
announced it would be held over.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
5:25:06 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNMENT                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
There  being no  further business  before  the committee,  the  House                                                           
State  Affairs  Standing  Committee  meeting  was adjourned  at  5:25                                                           
p.m.                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
Davidson Resume 2_18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HCR22 Sponsor Statement 2.19.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HCR 22
HCR22 Version A.PDF HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HCR 22
HCR22 Fiscal Note LEG 2.26.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HCR 22
HCR22 Supporting Document ANDVSA Letter of Support 2.27.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HCR 22
HCR22 Additional Documents - ANDVSA Key Results from the 2015 Alaska Victimization Survey 2.19.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HCR 22
HCR22 Additional Documents - CDC National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey 2.19.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HCR 22
HJR38 Sponsor Statement 2.26.2018.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR038 ver A 2.22.18.PDF HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR38 Fiscal Note LEG 2.26.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR38 Supporting Document- Powerpoint Presentation 2.27.2018.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR38 Index of Support Documents 2.26.2018.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR38 Supporting Document- Letters of Support 2.26.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR38 Support Letter from Dick Welsh 2.27.2018.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR38 Support Letter from Ocean View Community Council 2.27.2018.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR38 Support Letter from Beth Fread 2.27.2018.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR38 Index of Reference Documents 2.26.2018b.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR38 Additional Documents- Reference 2.26.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HJR38 Opposing Document- Alaska Railroad Letter of Opposition 2.27.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/1/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/8/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 38
HB 184 Sponsor Statement 1.19.18.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Sectional Analysis 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 ver J 4.4.17.PDF HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB184 Fiscal Note HRC 2.23.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Letter Planned Parenthood 4.27.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Letter LWVA 4.27.17.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Letter HRC 4.28.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Letter ATFE 5.1.2017.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Letter Fbx PFLAG 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Letter HRC 4.28.17.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Letter LWVA 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Letter SAGE 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Letter AAARP 5.4.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Letter EGJ 5.4.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - 2017 Survey(2) 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - 2017 Survery(1) 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB184 Supporting Document - 2010 Census 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Anch LGBT Discrimination Preliminary Report 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - ASHRC Resolution 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Court Decisions 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - HRC State Laws 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Legal Memo 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Williams Institute 5.3.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Public Letters 5.8.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Memorandum, Religious Exemptions 5.9.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - 18.80.300 5.9.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Supporting Document - Ministerial Exemption 5.9.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB184 Supporting Document Letters of Support 2.26.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB184 Letter of Support 2.26.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB184 Supporting Document ACLU Testimony FINAL 2.26.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB184 Supporting Document 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey—Alaska State Report 2.26.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB184 Letter of Support 2.26.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB184 Supporting Document- Public Letters of Support 2.27.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB 184 Opposing Document - Letter AFC 5.5.17.pdf HSTA 5/4/2017 3:00:00 PM
HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB184 Opposing Document- Letter 2.27.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HB184 Opposing Document- Letter 2 2.27.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HSTA 3/6/2018 3:15:00 PM
HB 184
HJR001 Sponsor Statement 2.19.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 1
HJR001 ver A 2.19.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 1
HJR1 Fiscal Note LEG 2.26.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 1
HJR001 Supporting Document-ADN Poll 2.19.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 1
HJR1 Opposing Document- Alaska Family Action Letter of Opposition 2.27.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 1
HJR1 Opposing Document- Letter 2.27.18.pdf HSTA 2/27/2018 3:15:00 PM
HJR 1