Legislature(2021 - 2022)BARNES 124

03/05/2021 03:15 PM LABOR & COMMERCE

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Audio Topic
03:19:41 PM Start
03:20:47 PM HB99
03:37:28 PM HB45
03:42:15 PM Marijuana Control Board
03:59:47 PM HB45
04:38:38 PM Occupational Safety and Health Review Board
04:45:19 PM Board of Physical and Occupational Therapy
04:49:06 PM Board of Registration for Architects, Engineers & Land Surveyors
04:55:25 PM Workers' Compensation Appeals Commission
04:58:00 PM Board of Pharmacy
05:07:42 PM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
*+ HB 99 PHYSICAL/OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY BD/PRACTICE TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
*+ HB 45 WORKERS' COMP. AND CONTAGIOUS DISEASES TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
+ Consideration of Governor's Appointees: TELECONFERENCED
- Christina Durham, Board of Psychologist &
Assoc. Examiners
- Mindy Swisher, Board of Social Work Examiners
- Nicholas Miller, Marijuana Control Board
- Thomas Trosvig, Occupational Safety & Health
Review Board
- Enlow Walker, State Board of Physical Therapy
& Occupational Therapy
- Elizabeth Johnston, State Board of
Registration for Architects, Engineers & Land
Surveyors
- James Rhodes, Worker's Compensation Appeals
Commission
-- Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
                     ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                 
           HOUSE LABOR AND COMMERCE STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                        
                          March 5, 2021                                                                                         
                            3:19 p.m.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
                             DRAFT                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Representative Zack Fields, Co-Chair (via teleconference)                                                                       
Representative Ivy Spohnholz, Co-Chair                                                                                          
Representative Calvin Schrage (via teleconference)                                                                              
Representative Liz Snyder (via teleconference)                                                                                  
Representative James Kaufman                                                                                                    
Representative Ken McCarty                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Representative David Nelson                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 99                                                                                                               
"An Act relating to the State Physical Therapy and Occupational                                                                 
Therapy Board; relating to the practice of physical therapy; and                                                                
relating to the practice of occupational therapy."                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD AND HELD                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 45                                                                                                               
"An Act relating to presumption of compensability for workers'                                                                  
compensation claims related to contagious diseases; and                                                                         
providing for an effective date."                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD AND HELD                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
CONFIRMATION HEARING(S):                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Marijuana Control Board                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     Nicholas Miller - Anchorage                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD AND HELD                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
Occupational Safety and Health Review Board                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     Thomas Trosvig - Kodiak                                                                                                    
     - HEARD AND HELD                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
State Board of Physical and Occupational Therapy                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Enlow Walker - North Pole                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD AND HELD                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
Board of Registration for Architects, Engineers & Land Surveyors                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Elizabeth Johnston - Fairbanks                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD AND HELD                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
Workers' Compensation Appeals Commission.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     James Rhodes - Ketchikan                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD AND HELD                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
Board of Dental Examiners                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Kelly Lucas - Dillingham                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     - CONFIRMATION(S) ADVANCED                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
Board of Massage Therapists                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     Julie Endle - Palmer                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     - CONFIRMATION(S) ADVANCED                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
Board of Pharmacy                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     James Hendersen - Soldotna                                                                                                 
     Tammy Lindemuth - Anchorage                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     - CONFIRMATION(S) ADVANCED                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS ACTION                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 99                                                                                                                   
SHORT TITLE: PHYSICAL/OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY BD/PRACTICE                                                                          
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) CLAMAN                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
02/18/21       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/18/21       (H)       HSS, L&C                                                                                               
02/19/21       (H)       HSS REFERRAL REMOVED                                                                                   
02/19/21       (H)       FIN REFERRAL ADDED AFTER L&C                                                                           
02/19/21       (H)       BILL REPRINTED                                                                                         
03/05/21       (H)       L&C AT 3:15 PM BARNES 124                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 45                                                                                                                   
SHORT TITLE: WORKERS' COMP. AND CONTAGIOUS DISEASES                                                                             
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) JOSEPHSON                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
02/18/21       (H)       PREFILE RELEASED 1/8/21                                                                                
02/18/21       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/18/21       (H)       L&C, FIN                                                                                               
03/05/21       (H)       L&C AT 3:15 PM BARNES 124                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MATT CLAMAN                                                                                                      
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Introduced HB 99 as prime sponsor.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
JOEY BOSWORTH, Staff                                                                                                            
Representative Matt Claman                                                                                                      
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Presented the Sectional Analysis on HB 99                                                                
on behalf of Representative Claman, prime sponsor.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
ALEC KAY, President                                                                                                             
Alaska Chapter                                                                                                                  
American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)                                                                                    
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 99.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
NICHOLAS MILLER, Appointee                                                                                                      
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Spoke as an appointee to the Marijuana                                                                   
Control Board.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
LACY WILCOX, President                                                                                                          
Alaska Marijuana Industry Association(AMIA)                                                                                     
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of the appointment of                                                               
Nicholas Miller to the Marijuana Control Board.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE ANDY JOSEPHSON                                                                                                   
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Introduced HB 45 as prime sponsor.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
ELISE SORUM-BIRK, Staff                                                                                                         
Representative Andy Josephson                                                                                                   
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:   Offered a PowerPoint Presentation  on HB 45                                                             
entitled,  "House  Bill  45;   Frontline  Worker  Presumption  of                                                               
Compensability,"  on behalf  of  Representative Josephson,  prime                                                               
sponsor.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
CHARLES COLLINS, Director                                                                                                       
Workers' Compensation Division                                                                                                  
Department of Labor and Workforce Development (DOL&WD)                                                                          
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Answered questions  during the hearing on HB
45.                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
THOMAS TROSVIG, Appointee                                                                                                       
Kodiak, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:   Spoke as  an appointee to  the Occupational                                                             
Safety and Health Review Board.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
ENLOW WALKER, Appointee                                                                                                         
North Pole, Alaska                                                                                                              
POSITION STATEMENT:  Spoke as an  appointee to the State Board of                                                             
Physical and Occupational Therapy.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
ELIZABETH JOHNSTON, Appointee                                                                                                   
Fairbanks, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:   Spoke  as  an appointee  to  the Board  of                                                             
Registration for Architects, Engineers & Land Surveyors.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
JAMES RHODES, Appointee                                                                                                         
Ketchikan, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:   Spoke  as  an  appointee to  the  Workers'                                                             
Compensation Appeals Commission.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:19:41 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  IVY  SPOHNHOLZ  called  the House  Labor  and  Commerce                                                             
Standing   Committee    meeting   to    order   at    3:19   p.m.                                                               
Representatives   Spohnholz,    Schrage   (via   teleconference),                                                               
Kaufman,  and  McCarty  were  present   at  the  call  to  order.                                                               
Representative  Snyder  (via teleconference)  and  Representative                                                               
Fields  (via  teleconference)  arrived  as  the  meeting  was  in                                                               
progress.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
         HB 99-PHYSICAL/OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY BD/PRACTICE                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
3:20:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ announced  that the  first order  of business                                                               
would  be HOUSE  BILL  NO.  99, "An  Act  relating  to the  State                                                               
Physical Therapy and Occupational  Therapy Board; relating to the                                                               
practice of  physical therapy;  and relating  to the  practice of                                                               
occupational therapy."                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
3:22:29 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MATT  CLAMAN, Alaska State  Legislature, presented                                                               
HB 99  as prime  sponsor.  He  paraphrased the  Sponsor Statement                                                               
[included  in  the  committee  packet],  which  read  as  follows                                                               
[original punctuation provided]:                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     House  Bill  99  amends   the  governing  statutes  for                                                                    
     physical   therapists,  physical   therapy  assistants,                                                                    
     occupational   therapists   and  occupational   therapy                                                                    
     assistants  practicing  in   Alaska.  The  changes  are                                                                    
     designed  to   bring  Alaska  statutes  in   line  with                                                                    
     national  standards and  terminology, and  overall make                                                                    
     the  administrative experience  of these  professionals                                                                    
     up  to  date.  This  bill is  supported  by  the  State                                                                    
     Physical Therapy and  Occupational Therapy Board, which                                                                    
     believes  HB99  will help  the  Board  in its  work  to                                                                    
     protect the public.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     In  an  effort  to  place  public  interest  first  and                                                                    
     foremost,   the  Physical   Therapy  and   Occupational                                                                    
     Therapy   Associations   support    a   more   balanced                                                                    
     representation  on its  Board and  proposes to  replace                                                                    
     the  seat   for  a   physician  with   an  occupational                                                                    
     therapist or occupational therapy assistant.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     When the membership of the  board's guiding statute was                                                                    
     first  enacted,  physicians   supervised  physical  and                                                                    
     occupational  therapists. Physician  supervision is  no                                                                    
     longer   required    since   PT/OT    are   independent                                                                    
     professions with  the entry  level degree  for Physical                                                                    
     and Occupational  Therapy being at the  doctoral level.                                                                    
     This  change would  bring improved  representation from                                                                    
     both professions to the board.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  CLAMAN added  that HB  99 also  would enable  the                                                               
State  Physical   Therapy  and  Occupational  Therapy   Board  to                                                               
discipline  a   therapist  who   commits  infractions   under  AS                                                               
08.84.120, such as  gross negligence, conviction of  a felony, or                                                               
abuse of  alcohol.  He  shared that  the board currently  has the                                                               
ability to revoke or deny  licenses based on infractions, but has                                                               
no ability  to discipline.  He  continued that it would  also add                                                               
language to ensure  that therapists educated outside  of the U.S.                                                               
have training that  is equivalent to that  of therapists educated                                                               
in  the U.S.    It would  also except  therapists  trained in  an                                                               
English  language   program  from  having  to   take  an  English                                                               
proficiency test.  He continued  that it would update language in                                                               
statute  that references  an accrediting  entity  that no  longer                                                               
exists, and makes  the language more general.   He concluded that                                                               
HB  99 would  not  require  a restructuring  of  statute, but  it                                                               
contains a number of "long awaited changes."                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
3:25:19 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JOEY BOSWORTH,  Staff, Representative  Matt Claman,  Alaska State                                                               
Legislature, on behalf of Representative   Claman, prime sponsor,                                                               
presented the Sectional  Analysis for HB 99.   He paraphrased the                                                               
Sectional Analysis,  which read as follows  [original punctuation                                                               
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     Section 1                                                                                                                
     AS 08.84.010. Creation and membership of the board.                                                                        
     Removes the seat  for a physician and  balances out the                                                                    
     board with  3 physical  therapists or  physical therapy                                                                    
     assistants   and    3   occupational    therapists   or                                                                    
     occupational therapy  assistants along with  one public                                                                    
     member, to make up the  7-member board. It also changes                                                                    
     the  term  "physical  therapy assistant"  to  "physical                                                                    
     therapist assistant" in this section and                                                                                   
     throughout  the  entire  statute.  This  change  is  to                                                                    
     conform to the industry title used nationally.                                                                             
                                                                                                                              
     Section 2                                                                                                                
     AS 08.84.030. Qualifications for licensing.                                                                                
     Allows the  board to have  broader authority  over what                                                                    
     entities   will  have   accreditation  oversight   over                                                                    
     physical  therapy  &   occupational  therapy  education                                                                    
     programs. Some  of the  accrediting entities  listed in                                                                    
     statute  are now  either renamed  or  no longer  exist,                                                                    
     making that statute obsolete.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Section 2  removes language  from the  statute relating                                                                    
     to additional  supervised field work  that occupational                                                                    
     therapists  must  complete  as these  requirements  are                                                                    
     covered by the accrediting bodies.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     Section 3                                                                                                                
     AS 08.84.032. Foreign-educated applicants.                                                                                 
     Changes   the  section   headline  from   "trained"  to                                                                    
     "educated."  New   language  is  added   that  requires                                                                    
     foreign-educated   physical   therapist   or   physical                                                                    
     therapy   assistant  students   to   have  attended   a                                                                    
     "substantially" equivalent educational  program that is                                                                    
     accredited  by a  U.S.  accreditation  entity that  has                                                                    
     been  approved  by  the board.  Outdated  and  obsolete                                                                    
     language is removed that can  be found on page 4, lines                                                                    
     3 -9 of this bill.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     Added  to subsection  (3) of  this section  is language                                                                    
     that  would  require  that   a  physical  therapist  or                                                                    
     physical therapist assistant  pass a test demonstrating                                                                    
     competency  of  the  English  language  only  if  their                                                                    
     program was  taught in  a foreign  language. Subsection                                                                    
     (4)  requires that  a foreign-educated  applicant is  a                                                                    
     legal alien  or a U.S citizen.  Subsection (7) requires                                                                    
     them  to  pay  the  required fee  and  meet  any  other                                                                    
     qualifications  for licensure  set by  the board  under                                                                    
     08.84.010(b).                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     All the above  changes in Section 3  are replicated for                                                                    
     occupational   therapists   or   occupational   therapy                                                                    
     assistants on page  4, lines 27-31 and over  to page 5,                                                                    
     lines 1-22.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
3:27:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. BOSWORTH continued paraphrasing from the Sectional Analysis                                                                 
for HB 99, which read as follows [original punctuation                                                                          
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                              
     Section 4                                                                                                                
     AS 08.84.060. Licensure by acceptance of credentials.                                                                      
     Makes conforming terminology changes.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     Section 5                                                                                                                
     AS 08.84.065(c). Temporary changes.                                                                                        
     Makes conforming terminology changes.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     Section 6                                                                                                                
     AS 08.84.075(b). Limited permit.                                                                                           
     Makes conforming terminology changes.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                              
     Section 7                                                                                                                
     AS 08.84.075(c). Limited permit.                                                                                           
     Changes language that would now  require that a limited                                                                    
     permit is valid for 120 consecutive days                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     Section 8                                                                                                                
     AS 08.84.075(d). Limited permit.                                                                                           
     Allows only one limited permit per 12-month period.                                                                        
                                                                                                                              
     Section 9                                                                                                                
     AS 08.84.090. Licensure.                                                                                                   
     Updates licensure terminology.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                              
     Section 10                                                                                                               
     AS  08.84.120(a). Refusal,  revocation, and  suspension                                                                    
     of license.                                                                                                                
     Adds disciplinary action as a  possibility to actions a                                                                    
     board  might  consider  for   an  infraction  of  their                                                                    
     licensure  and  updates  terminology in  item  (7)  and                                                                    
     states in  (9) that failure  to comply with the  law or                                                                    
     regulations  or  order of  the  board  might result  in                                                                    
     disciplinary action or suspension of a license.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
3:28:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. BOSWORTH continued paraphrasing from the Sectional Analysis                                                                 
for HB 99, which continued as follows [original punctuation                                                                     
provided]:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     Section 11                                                                                                               
     AS 08.04.130(a). False claim of license prohibited.                                                                        
     Adds updated credentialing and terminology.                                                                                
                                                                                                                              
     Section 12                                                                                                               
     AS 08.84.130(b). False claim of license prohibited.                                                                        
     Updates terminology.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                              
     Section 13                                                                                                               
     AS 08.84.190. Definitions.                                                                                                 
     Adds  a   new  paragraph  defining  the   updated  term                                                                    
     "physical therapist assistant."                                                                                            
                                                                                                                              
     Section 14                                                                                                               
     AS 11.41.470(1). Definitions.                                                                                              
     Updates  definitions  in  criminal  law/sexual  assault                                                                    
     statute.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                              
     Section 15                                                                                                               
     AS 47.17.290(14). Definitions.                                                                                             
     Updates   terminology   under  definitions   in   child                                                                    
     protection statute.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Section 16                                                                                                               
     AS 08.84.190(7). Definitions                                                                                               
     Repeals subsection  (7), which is the  definition using                                                                    
     outdated term of  physical therapy assistant; according                                                                    
     to  Leg. Legal,  when the  actual "term"  used for  the                                                                    
     definition is being changed, the                                                                                           
     entire citing  must be repealed. The  new definition is                                                                    
     set out on page 8, Section 13, lines 11-14.                                                                                
                                                                                                                              
     Section 17                                                                                                               
     Applicability                                                                                                              
     Sets out  the applicability  clauses for  licensure for                                                                    
     sections 2 and 3 of this Act and                                                                                           
     for sections 7 and 8.                                                                                                      
     Section 18                                                                                                               
     Uncodified law                                                                                                             
     Transition   language  for   the   board  vacancy   and                                                                    
     appointments for  the PT/OT board, and  states that the                                                                    
     changes do not  apply to current licensees  until it is                                                                    
     time for  their licensure renewal and  then all changes                                                                    
     to the law will apply.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
3:30:17 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ALEC KAY,  President, Alaska  Chapter, American  Physical Therapy                                                               
Association (APTA),  shared that the  Alaska Chapter of  the APTA                                                               
represents over  450 physical  therapists and  physical therapist                                                               
assistants.   He stated that  HB 99 would modernize  language and                                                               
eliminate  antiquated  language.    He shared  that  the  concept                                                               
behind the  bill came  from the State  Licensing Board  and would                                                               
help  the board  protect the  public better.   He  reiterated his                                                               
support of the passage of the bill.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
3:32:05 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY  asked Mr.  Kay whether APTA  supports the                                                               
bill.                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MR. KAY  replied yes, and  restated that  the idea came  from the                                                               
State Licensing Board.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
3:33:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE KAUFMAN  asked Mr. Kay  whether there is  any risk                                                               
in  removing the  physician from  the  board.   He asked  whether                                                               
there is a benefit to having  a physician on the board, and asked                                                               
if  it is  typical in  other states  to have  a physician  on the                                                               
board.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MR.  KAY  responded that  the  presence  of  the physician  is  a                                                               
remnant  of   an  older  time   when  physical   therapists  were                                                               
functioning  under the  American Medical  Association (AMA).   He                                                               
shared  that it  is  not typical  to have  a  physician on  other                                                               
professional  health boards.   He  noted  that he  served on  the                                                               
board  in  the mid-2000s  and  that  it  was  very rare  for  the                                                               
physician seat to  be filled, and when it was,  the member rarely                                                               
attended  meetings and  did  not add  much to  the  process.   He                                                               
mentioned that  members have  a letter  in the  committee packets                                                               
from a physician acknowledging that it is not necessary.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
3:35:24 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE CLAMAN  shared the example  of the State  Board of                                                               
Optometry  as a  professional health  board that  doesn't have  a                                                               
physician seat either.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
3:35:37 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ shared  that historically,  many health  care                                                               
boards had physicians on the board,  but the practice has been to                                                               
move away  from this requirement  as the health care  boards have                                                               
diversified and  professionalized.   She explained  that patients                                                               
no  longer  need  a  physician's   referral  to  see  a  physical                                                               
therapist  and   opined  that  it   makes  sense  to   make  this                                                               
modernization.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
3:37:10 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ announced that HB 99 was held over.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
           HB 45-WORKERS' COMP. AND CONTAGIOUS DISEASES                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
3:37:28 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ announced  that  the next  order of  business                                                               
would be  HOUSE BILL NO. 45,  "An Act relating to  presumption of                                                               
compensability  for  workers'   compensation  claims  related  to                                                               
contagious diseases; and providing for an effective date."                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
[HB 45 was held for discussion later in the meeting.]                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
3:38:06 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at-ease from 3:38 p.m. to 3:42 p.m.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
^CONFIRMATION HEARING(S:)                                                                                                       
                     CONFIRMATION HEARING(S):                                                                               
^Marijuana Control Board                                                                                                        
                     Marijuana Control Board                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
3:42:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ announced  that  the next  order of  business                                                               
would  be   a  confirmation  hearing  in   consideration  of  the                                                               
governor's appointee to the Marijuana Control Board.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
3:42:37 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
NICHOLAS  MILLER,  Appointee,  shared   that  he  would  like  to                                                               
continue to serve on the board as  there is still work to be done                                                               
regarding  marijuana regulations.    He explained  that his  past                                                               
experiences have  allowed him to provide  meaningful input during                                                               
his time  serving on the  board.  He said  that he worked  in the                                                               
telecommunications field  for over twenty years  and presented at                                                               
hundreds  of community  council, planning,  and zoning  meetings,                                                               
which gave him  experience within the public process.   He stated                                                               
that he  has a marijuana  business that  has been open  for three                                                               
years and that he and his wife have several licenses.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
3:44:36 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY  asked Mr. Miller  how long he  has served                                                               
on the board.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR. MILLER responded that he was appointed in 2016.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  MCCARTY  asked  what  the current  needs  of  the                                                               
industry are in Mr. Miller's opinion.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MILLER  responded  that  there   are  several  processes  in                                                               
transportation  that  could  be  adjusted  to  better  serve  the                                                               
industry and the public.  He  stated that these processes take up                                                               
time and add unnecessary expenses to businesses.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY asked if there are any others.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MR.   MILLER  responded   that   there  are   others,  but   that                                                               
transportation regulations are his main concern.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
3:45:57 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ  asked Mr. Miller what  kind of transportation                                                               
related regulations he thinks are burdensome.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MILLER  replied that  if  an  individual is  traveling  from                                                               
Fairbanks,  Alaska,  to  Kenai,  Alaska, for  example,  it  would                                                               
usually have to be  done as a direct trip.   This would mean that                                                               
the driver would have to  leave Fairbanks and make all deliveries                                                               
along  the way  in  Anchorage, Alaska,  and  then drive  straight                                                               
through to Kenai without any  overnight stops.  He explained that                                                               
this becomes  a safety issue  and a burden because  drivers can't                                                               
stay in a  hotel overnight.  He said that  these issues are being                                                               
addressed, but that there is still room for improvement.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ agreed  that  that sounds  problematic.   She                                                               
asked  if  Mr. Miller  could  describe  the thinking  behind  the                                                               
decision regarding amounts of THC allowed in edibles.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MR. MILLER  responded that  the consumers  are asking  for higher                                                               
levels of THC  in edibles.  He clarified that  an increased level                                                               
of allowable THC  in edibles wouldn't increase the  amount of THC                                                               
an individual  could purchase  at a time,  but would  just adjust                                                               
the amount in a particular package.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
3:48:10 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ asked  if the amount of THC in  each "dose" of                                                               
an edible is  being increased.  She asked if  a consumer couldn't                                                               
simply take double the amount to ingest the same amount of THC.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR. MILLER responded  that yes, a consumer could  just double the                                                               
dose, but  that the amount  of THC  that a consumer  can purchase                                                               
each day is not increasing.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ  asked if  there have  been concerns  in other                                                               
states about overconsumption of edibles.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MILLER responded  that the  Anchorage Health  Department has                                                               
released statistics from  other states such as  Michigan, but THC                                                               
limits in Michigan are ten times  the current limit in Alaska and                                                               
would be  five times the limit  that the board is  proposing.  He                                                               
said   he   thinks  there   was   a   10  percent   increase   in                                                               
overconsumption with  this limit,  but that  he doesn't  think it                                                               
was accidental overconsumption.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ asked  for clarification  that an  individual                                                               
could buy an edible with 50mg of THC in Michigan.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MR. MILLER responded yes.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ expressed  hope that  Alaska doesn't  go that                                                               
far.                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR. MILLER responded that he does not disagree.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
3:50:27 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY  asked Mr.  Miller how  he sees  the taxes                                                               
imposed upon the  marijuana industry as a  benefit to individuals                                                               
who abuse or are dependent upon marijuana.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR. MILLER  responded that  he personally  hasn't seen  a benefit                                                               
and doesn't  think the  state does  a good  job of  informing the                                                               
public about the allocation of those tax dollars.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ  offered  clarification  that  marijuana  tax                                                               
funds  are not  used  for  addiction treatment  in  Alaska.   She                                                               
stated that  half of the tax  funds go into the  general fund and                                                               
the other half go into prevention  efforts.  In turn, half of the                                                               
prevention  funds go  into evidence-based  after school  programs                                                               
for at-risk youth.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:51:51 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY asked Mr. Miller  if there is anything the                                                               
board is doing to educate or promote awareness.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR. MILLER responded  that the board typically  receives a report                                                               
from the  Department of  Health and  Social Services  (DHSS) that                                                               
details the  programs that  are being funded  for kids,  and that                                                               
the board supplies that information to the public.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:52:32 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SNYDER asked  Mr. Miller about his  opinion on on-                                                               
site consumption.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MILLER   replied  that  he  doesn't   personally  have  much                                                               
experience with  on-site consumption.   He shared that  there was                                                               
an  establishment in  Anchorage, Alaska,  that had  it available.                                                               
He doesn't  have strong feelings one  way or the other,  but does                                                               
have strong  feelings that  local communities  should be  able to                                                               
choose to allow or disallow on-site consumption.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
3:53:55 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SCHRAGE  asked Mr.  Miller if  he could  share any                                                               
thoughts on  the issue  of a  limited-entry system  for marijuana                                                               
retailers.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR. MILLER  responded that  the board  has discussed  this issue.                                                               
He said  that the board  asked the  industry association to  do a                                                               
survey of current licensees to  get the industry's opinion on it,                                                               
but  they have  not  provided  the report  yet.    He expects  to                                                               
receive the report soon.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SCHRAGE asked if  Mr. Miller's preference would be                                                               
to listen  to the results  of the survey,  or if he  has personal                                                               
opinions on the matter that might impact a decision.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR. MILLER  responded that personally, he  thinks that businesses                                                               
should be  able to  do what is  necessary to  remain competitive.                                                               
He  emphasized  that  any  action would  be  dependent  upon  the                                                               
industry survey and public input.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
3:56:03 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ opened public  testimony on the appointment of                                                               
Nicholas Miller to the Marijuana Control Board.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
3:56:16 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LACY    WILCOX,    President,     Alaska    Marijuana    Industry                                                               
Association(AMIA), explained that the AMIA  is the only statewide                                                               
cannabis-industry  trade group,  and  it aims  to  promote for  a                                                               
vibrant but reasonably regulated  Alaska marijuana industry.  She                                                               
stated  that   the  organization   is  pleased  to   support  the                                                               
reappointment of  Mr. Miller to  the board.   She said  that AIMA                                                               
considers  Mr. Miller  clearly qualified.   She  shared that  Mr.                                                               
Miller  serves  as  the  president   of  the  Anchorage  Cannabis                                                               
Business  Association which  makes him  familiar with  the issues                                                               
around the Anchorage  market.  She expressed that  Mr. Miller has                                                               
been an  affable peer  in the  industry and his  work has  led to                                                               
some  "common  sense"  regulations  and that  he  is  a  valuable                                                               
figure.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
3:59:44 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ closed public  testimony on the appointment of                                                               
Nicholas Miller to the Marijuana Control Board.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
[The confirmation  hearing for Nicholas Miller,  appointee to the                                                               
Marijuana Control Board, was held over.]                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
          HB 45-WORKERS' COMP. AND CONTAGIOUS DISEASES                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
3:59:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ announced  that  the next  order of  business                                                               
would  be a  return to  HOUSE BILL  NO. 45,  "An Act  relating to                                                               
presumption  of compensability  for workers'  compensation claims                                                               
related to  contagious diseases;  and providing for  an effective                                                               
date."                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:00:01 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE ANDY JOSEPHSON, Alaska State Legislature,                                                                        
explained that  the idea behind  HB 45 came from  seeing Michigan                                                               
and  Minnesota  lead  the  nation  in March  and  April  2020  in                                                               
offering protections to first responders  in the form of workers'                                                               
compensation in the  instance of a disaster  declaration.  During                                                               
the thirtieth Alaska State Legislature,  in 2020, the legislature                                                               
passed  Senate  Bill  241  in  late March,  which  stood  as  the                                                               
emergency declaration  until November 15,  2020.  He  stated that                                                               
this bill  provided support  for Alaskans in  a variety  of ways,                                                               
such as mandating a moratorium on  rent.  In that bill, he shared                                                               
that  the  House  adopted Amendment  5,  which  offered  workers'                                                               
compensation  protection for  first responders  who had  suffered                                                               
some  exposure to  COVID-19.   He  said  that municipalities  are                                                               
litigating  what the  legislature  meant in  that  bill, and  are                                                               
asking  for proof  beyond  what was  intended  that the  exposure                                                               
occurred at work.   He shared that HB 45  acknowledges that there                                                               
will be  future pandemics  and intends  to show  first responders                                                               
and  other  essential  workers that  the  government  "has  their                                                               
backs."  It creates a presumption  that only exists during a time                                                               
that  an  emergency  declaration  has  been  declared  and  would                                                               
provide  workers' compensation  to  individuals  that contract  a                                                               
pandemic  disease.   He explained  that  these individuals  would                                                               
have to prove that the disease  was contracted due to exposure at                                                               
the  workplace.   He  opined  that  Alaska has  fortunately  done                                                               
"quite well"  during the COVID-19  pandemic, although  Alaska has                                                               
tragically lost  "over 100  people" and  many others  have gotten                                                               
sick, he said that many  people recover relatively quickly and so                                                               
the burden imposed by the bill would not be enormous.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
4:04:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ  offered clarification that Alaska  has lost over                                                               
300 lives to COVID-19.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:05:19 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ELISE  SORUM-BIRK, Staff,  Representative Andy  Josephson, Alaska                                                               
State Legislature,  on behalf of Representative  Josephson, prime                                                               
sponsor, offered a PowerPoint  presentation entitled, "House Bill                                                               
45; Frontline  Worker Presumption of Compensability,"  [hard copy                                                               
included  in  the  committee  packet],  and  began  on  slide  2,                                                               
"Background:  COVID-19  and  SB   241,"  which  read  as  follows                                                               
[original punctuation provided]:                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
        • In the spring of 2020, the Legislature came                                                                           
          together quickly to pass SB 241, an omnibus                                                                           
          emergency response bill.                                                                                              
         • Amended into bill on the House Floor was a                                                                           
          workers'                                                                                                              
       • compensation presumption of compensability for                                                                         
          first                                                                                                                 
        • responders and medical professionals.                                                                                 
       • Amendment 5 offered by Rep. Josephson and Rep.                                                                         
          Kopp                                                                                                                  
        • became section 15 Chapter 10 of Session Law This                                                                      
        • provision expired November 15th 2020 and the                                                                          
          Governor opted to exclude this protection from                                                                        
          his newly declared disaster declaration leaving                                                                       
          these individuals unprotected.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS. SORUM-BRIK moved to slide 3, "What is a 'presumption of                                                                     
compensability'?" and paraphrased the slide, which read as                                                                      
follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
        • Certain occupational groups are  more likely  to                                                                      
          contract certain illnesses                                                                                            
        • It is difficult to track where certain illnesses                                                                      
          come from or to link an illness directly to a                                                                         
          workplace                                                                                                             
        • "Presumptive compensability"   law   allows   an                                                                      
          assumption to be made that an illness is linked                                                                       
          to the nature of an individual's work                                                                                 
        • Can be "rebuttable" or "non rebuttable"                                                                               
        • If a presumption exists, an impacted employee may                                                                     
          receive workers' compensation benefits unless                                                                         
          their employer successfully rebuts the claim                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS. SORUM-BIRK moved to slide 4, "SB 241 provision vs. HB 45,"                                                                  
and paraphrased from the slide, which read as follows [original                                                                 
punctuation provided]:                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
          SB 241                                                                                                                
        • Covered: firefighters,  peace   officers,  EMTs,                                                                      
          paramedics, health care workers                                                                                       
        • Non rebuttable                                                                                                        
        • Requires the individual to have been "exposed" at                                                                     
          work                                                                                                                  
        • COVID 19 specific                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
          HB 45                                                                                                                 
        • Covers groups previously included in SB 241                                                                           
        • Adds grocery clerks, teachers, childcare workers                                                                      
        • Allows other similar professions to be  added by                                                                      
          DOLWD Commissioner                                                                                                    
        • Rebuttable with "clear and convincing evidence"                                                                       
        • Requires that an individual work outside the home                                                                     
          within 2 weeks of diagnosis and have direct                                                                           
          contact with members of the public                                                                                    
        • Applicable during all public health  emergencies                                                                      
          (declared under the Alaska Disaster Act) caused                                                                       
          by contagious disease                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
4:09:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SORUM-BIRK advanced  to slide  5, "Sectional  Analysis," and                                                               
paraphrased  from  the slide,  which  read  as follows  [original                                                               
punctuation provided]:                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     Section  1 -  Establishes a  presumption for  frontline                                                                    
     workers  who  are  actively  working  with  the  public                                                                    
     during a  declared public health  emergency cause  by a                                                                    
     contagious disease                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     Subsection  (a)  -  Outlines  metric  for  establishing                                                                    
     presumption                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     Subsection  (b)  -  Outlines  how  presumption  may  be                                                                    
     rebutted and gives DOLWD  Commissioner the authority to                                                                    
     add more occupational groups if needed                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Subsection (c) - Provides definitions                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     Section  2 -  Makes coverage  retroactive to  Nov 15th,                                                                    
     2020  (date  at which  SB  241  provision expired)  for                                                                    
     first responders and health care workers                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     Section 3  - Provides  for an immediate  effective date                                                                    
     for newly covered occupations                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SORUM-BIRK proceeded  to slide  6,  "First Responders,"  and                                                               
explained that  first responders would be  addressed specifically                                                               
by  the bill  because  COVID-19  has been  the  biggest cause  of                                                               
police officer death  in the past year.   Firefighters were found                                                               
to be  15 percent more likely  to be infected by  COVID-19 in New                                                               
York City, she said.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
4:13:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. SORUM-BIRK proceeded  to slide 7, "Health  Care Workers," and                                                               
explained that  these workers often have  the most direct-contact                                                               
with  COVID-19 positive  patients.   In  Alaska, medical  workers                                                               
claims  made up  the majority  of time  lost claims  for workers'                                                               
compensation,  meaning that  individuals working  in the  medical                                                               
field  were being  required  to  go home  and  quarantine due  to                                                               
exposure to COVID-19.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SORUM-BIRK  moved  to  slide 8,  "Teachers  and  Child  Care                                                               
Workers," and explained that although  there was a belief earlier                                                               
in the  pandemic that children may  not be as susceptible  to the                                                               
virus, it has now been found that children do play a role in                                                                    
transmission  of COVID-19.    She noted  that  the Kaiser  Family                                                               
Foundation did  a study  that found that  a majority  of teachers                                                               
are  in  a  high-risk  category  either due  to  age  or  medical                                                               
condition,  and   may  feel  nervous   about  returning   to  the                                                               
classroom.  She stated that  child care centers often employ low-                                                               
wage workers  and do  not offer benefits,  and all  public health                                                               
restrictions on child care facilities  were lifted "pretty early"                                                               
in the pandemic.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SORUM-BIRK proceeded  to slide  9, "Grocery  Store Workers,"                                                               
and explained  that these are  also often low-wage jobs  and that                                                               
there  are studies  "out there"  that  show that  there are  high                                                               
infection rates among grocery store workers.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SORUM-BIRK  advanced  to   slide  10,  "Status  of  COVID-19                                                               
Presumptions in the  U.S." which depicted a map of  the U.S. that                                                               
she  explained was  put  together using  data  from the  National                                                               
Conference of  State Legislatures  (NCSL) [included  in committee                                                               
packets].  She noted that the  blue colored states on the map are                                                               
places where  executive orders have  been put into  place; states                                                               
in green  are places where  state legislatures have  put COVID-19                                                               
presumptions  in place.  She  said that  some  states have  broad                                                               
presumptions  that would  apply  to all  essential workers,  like                                                               
California, and others have narrow presumptions.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:17:35 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. SORUM-BIRK  explained that  there was  a National  Council on                                                               
Compensation  Insurance  (NCCI)  cost   study  [included  in  the                                                               
committee packet]  that was done  and noted that she  looked into                                                               
what COVID-19  has looked like in  the workplace in Alaska.   She                                                               
said that the  infection rate overall in Alaska  in December 2020                                                               
was 5.9  percent, and  the lowest scenario  analyzed in  the NCCI                                                               
study was 5 percent, meaning that  Alaska was close to the lowest                                                               
scenario.    The   5.9  percent  number  refers   to  the  lowest                                                               
population,  she noted,  and DL&WD  estimated  by using  workers'                                                               
compensation claims  that only 1  in 12 COVID-19 cases  in Alaska                                                               
in 2020 were  work related.  In 2020, only  3 percent of COVID-19                                                               
cases  have   resulted  in  workers'  compensation   claims,  she                                                               
continued.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:19:17 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ invited questions from the committee.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:19:29 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SNYDER asked  Representative Josephson  about the                                                               
definition of  "grocery store" in  AS 44.25.048, noting  that the                                                               
definition is fairly brief.  She  stated that she wants to ensure                                                               
that  it  applies to  all  varieties  of  food retail  stores  in                                                               
Alaska.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  JOSEPHSON responded  that he  had not  considered                                                               
whether the definition would be  expansive enough to cover all of                                                               
the varieties of food dispensers that exist in Alaska.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:20:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SORUM-BIRK  provided clarification  that  that  is the  only                                                               
statutory definition that exists for grocery stores.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SNYDER  commented  that  she would  hate  to  see                                                               
smaller stores excluded due to an issue of interpretation.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:21:55 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  MCCARTY  asked  Ms. Sorum-Birk  if  the  required                                                               
emergency declaration that  would trigger HB 45 could  apply to a                                                               
portion of Alaska or would  need to apply to the entire state.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SORUM-BIRK  responded that  there  could  be a  regional  or                                                               
localized pandemic  and the governor  could declare  an emergency                                                               
for particular municipalities if it  were related to a contagious                                                               
disease.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  MCCARTY  asked,  if  there  was  an  outbreak  of                                                               
influenza, whether  the employers  in that community  be required                                                               
to pay workers' compensation benefits.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS. SORUM-BIRK responded  that the governor has  to have declared                                                               
an emergency.   She said that if there was  an outbreak so severe                                                               
that the  governor had declared  that an emergency  had occurred,                                                               
then  it could  be  a possibility,  but for  the  common cold  or                                                               
seasonal flu  it would be  unlikely for  a governor to  declare a                                                               
disaster emergency.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  MCCARTY  asked  if   there  is  a  definition  of                                                               
"disaster emergency."                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS. SORUM-BIRK responded  the bill sponsor is  using the disaster                                                               
emergency definition  found in the  Alaska Disaster  Act, located                                                               
in AS 26.23.020(c).                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
4:25:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ asked Ms. Sorum-Birk  if she could supply that                                                               
definition  to the  committee.   She agreed  that it  is unlikely                                                               
that a governor would declare an  emergency for the flu, but that                                                               
it  could  potentially happen  in  the  case  of a  disease  like                                                               
tuberculosis.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:26:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE KAUFMAN  asked Representative Josephson  about the                                                               
possibility  of the  bill requiring  employers to  be "proving  a                                                               
negative."   He said  he is concerned  about setting  a precedent                                                               
and opening  the employers  to liability  and the  possibility of                                                               
discrimination against employees that are already high-risk.                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  JOSEPHSON  responded  that in  around  2008,  the                                                               
legislature  and the  governor at  the time  passed a  bill which                                                               
said  that   firefighters  and  related  professionals   who  had                                                               
exposure   to  carcinogenic   material  could   receive  workers'                                                               
compensation  upon  sufficient  evidence that  the  workplace  is                                                               
where the exposure occurred.  He  opined that it is not fantastic                                                               
coverage  because it  is a  sixty-month  bill and  it not  overly                                                               
generous.  The point, he said,  is that there is some history for                                                               
covering something  that is unseen.   He stated that  the failure                                                               
to cover  these sorts of exposures  may cause people to  not want                                                               
to  enter certain  professions, such  as grocery  store positions                                                               
that pay  minimum-wage.   He restated  that more  police officers                                                               
have  died from  COVID-19 exposure  in  the last  year than  from                                                               
anything  else.    He said  that  he  understands  Representative                                                               
Kaufman's point  but does not think  it would be likely  to be an                                                               
issue.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:31:27 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ  noted that it  could be helpful to  have Lori                                                               
Wing-Heier, Director of  the Division of Insurance,  speak to the                                                               
committee and answer questions and share her perspective.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:32:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY  asked for  definitive numbers  of workers                                                               
that may have been impacted in the last year by COVID-19.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SORUM-BIRK responded  that DOL&WD  would be  best suited  to                                                               
answer this question.  She  shared that the department released a                                                               
thorough  report [included  in committee  packets] detailing  the                                                               
number of people impacted by COVID-19.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:33:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHARLES  COLLINS,   Director,  Workers'   Compensation  Division,                                                               
Department of Labor and  Workforce Development (DL&WD), responded                                                               
that the  department has tracked claims  throughout the pandemic,                                                               
and as of last week there  were 2,386 claims reported.  He shared                                                               
that just about 10 percent of  claims were denied.  Of the claims                                                               
that  were approved,  the department  categorized  the claims  by                                                               
occupation.    He  said  that  he  would  be  glad  to  use  this                                                               
information to glean  any specific data the  committee would like                                                               
to see.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY  responded that he would  be interested in                                                               
seeing  numbers to  see how  much of  an impact  this bill  would                                                               
have.  He asked how individuals  who go home sick from work [from                                                               
a common  sickness] are differentiated from  individuals who have                                                               
to go to the hospital.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MR. COLLINS responded that of  the claims the department received                                                               
this  year,  only 694  of  the  claims  were  paid some  type  of                                                               
benefit.   In  situations  where there  may  have been  exposure,                                                               
Alaska  employers  might  shut   down  business  and  send  every                                                               
employee to  be tested, which  could result  in a high  number of                                                               
claims, but he  shared that most of those  situations resulted in                                                               
a "zero  bill."  He explained  that that is why  there were 2,386                                                               
claims but only  694 claims that were paid.   He shared that even                                                               
so,  this number  is  quite high,  and resulted  in  a payout  of                                                               
$850,000  in benefits.   The  majority  of this  cost comes  from                                                               
cases   where  medical   transfers  were   necessary,  he   said,                                                               
particularly if  the individual  requiring care  was in  a remote                                                               
location.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:38:11 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ announced that HB 45 was held over.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
^Occupational Safety and Health Review Board                                                                                    
           Occupational Safety and Health Review Board                                                                      
                                                                                                                              
4:38:38 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ announced  that  the next  order of  business                                                               
would  be   a  confirmation  hearing  in   consideration  of  the                                                               
governor's  appointee  to  the  Occupational  Safety  and  Health                                                               
Review Board.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:40:16 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
THOMAS   TROSVIG,  Appointee,   explained  that   his  background                                                               
includes  30 years  of service  in the  U.S. Coast  Guard and  12                                                               
years of  those years consisted  of "sea  duty."  He  shared that                                                               
after  retiring, he  and his  wife  owned a  business in  Kodiak,                                                               
Alaska, and for  the past sixteen years, he has  been employed as                                                               
a  Safety  Security  Manager where  he  deals  with  Occupational                                                               
Safety  and Health  Administration(OSHA) regulations  on a  daily                                                               
basis.  He  has served on the board for  twelve years already and                                                               
said  that he  has a  great amount  of experience  in the  safety                                                               
field.   He  explained  that in  the Coast  Guard,  he filed  and                                                               
approved  casualty investigations  for  four major  offices.   He                                                               
said  that he  wants to  serve to  contribute to  the health  and                                                               
safety of the workforce.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:42:32 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  MCCARTY thanked  Mr. Trosvig  for his  service in                                                               
the Coast Guard.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:43:07 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SNYDER asked  if  Mr. Trosvig  could speak  about                                                               
some of the lessons he  has learned about workplace safety during                                                               
the COVID-19 pandemic.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MR. TROSVIG  responded that it  has been  a "horror show"  due to                                                               
COVID-19.  He  shared that it has  been a horror show  for him at                                                               
work  every day  because  he  has to  ensure  that all  practices                                                               
remain COVID-19 compliant.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SNYDER asked Mr. Trosvig  if he has been following                                                               
the investigation regarding Copper River Seafoods.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MR. TROSVIG  responded that  he has  not been  following it.   He                                                               
said that  the board doesn't  get "any  inkling" until it  sees a                                                               
case; therefore, he is unable to comment on that.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
4:44:58 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ opened public  testimony on the appointment of                                                               
Thomas  Trosvig  to the  Occupational  Safety  and Health  Review                                                               
Board.   After ascertaining that  no one else wished  to testify,                                                               
she closed public testimony.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
[The confirmation  hearing for Thomas  Trosvig, appointee  to the                                                               
Occupational Safety and Health Review Board, was held over.]                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
^Board of Physical and Occupational Therapy                                                                                     
            Board of Physical and Occupational Therapy                                                                      
                                                                                                                              
4:45:19 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ announced  that  the next  order of  business                                                               
would  be   a  confirmation  hearing  in   consideration  of  the                                                               
governor's  appointee   to  the  State  Board   of  Physical  and                                                               
Occupational Therapy.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
4:45:21 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ENLOW  WALKER, Appointee,  shared  that he  is  a retired  family                                                               
practice physician and that this  would be a reappointment to the                                                               
board.   He shared that  his medical  training was financed  by a                                                               
U.S. Air Force  scholarship program and he was  required to serve                                                               
on active duty after his  schooling, which brought him to Alaska.                                                               
He worked for  a clinic in Fairbanks from 1988  through 2016 when                                                               
he  retired  from  active  practice.    He  shared  that  he  was                                                               
initially  appointed  to  the  board in  2018  and  is  currently                                                               
serving as the  secretary of the board.  He  said that throughout                                                               
his  career,   he  interacted  with  physical   and  occupational                                                               
therapists   frequently,  including   supervising  the   physical                                                               
therapy department.   He  added that  he also  has served  on the                                                               
Advisory Board  on Alcoholism and  Drug Abuse (ABADA)  since 2011                                                               
and  on  the  Fairbanks  North Star  Borough  Health  and  Social                                                               
Services Commission since 2018.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
4:48:19 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ  thanked Dr. Walker  for his service  on ABADA                                                               
and said that it  is a big issue in Alaska  which costs the state                                                               
billions of  dollars in terms of  economic loss and causes  a lot                                                               
of hardship for Alaska families.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:48:45 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ opened public  testimony on the appointment of                                                               
Enlow  Walker to  the State  Board of  Physical and  Occupational                                                               
Therapy.  After ascertaining that  no one else wished to testify,                                                               
she closed public testimony.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
[The  confirmation hearing  for  Enlow Walker,  appointee to  the                                                               
State  Board  of  Physical and  Occupational  Therapy,  was  held                                                               
over.]                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
^Board  of   Registration  for   Architects,  Engineers   &  Land                                                               
Surveyors                                                                                                                       
 Board of Registration for Architects, Engineers & Land Surveyors                                                           
                                                                                                                              
4:49:06 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ announced  that  the next  order of  business                                                               
would  be   a  confirmation  hearing  in   consideration  of  the                                                               
governor's   appointee  to   the   Board   of  Registration   for                                                               
Architects, Engineers & Land Surveyors.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
4:49:18 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ELIZABETH  JOHNSTON,  Appointee,  shared  that  she  has  been  a                                                               
registered electrical engineer  since 2011 and has  served on the                                                               
board since  2017.  She is  currently the chair of  the committee                                                               
and  said  that she  is  eager  to  continue  her service.    She                                                               
explained  that  the  board is  working  on  several  initiatives                                                               
relating  to continuing  education,  military spousal  licensure,                                                               
and public outreach  that she would like to  see completed during                                                               
her term as chair over the next year.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ  asked Ms. Johnston  if she could  explain the                                                               
initiatives she mentioned in more detail.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MS. JOHNSTON  responded that the  first major project  is related                                                               
to  continuing  education.     Architects,  engineers,  and  land                                                               
surveyors  have  to  complete  a  certain  amount  of  continuing                                                               
education, she explained, and  particularly with the difficulties                                                               
of  COVID-19, it  has been  a  goal of  the board  to figure  out                                                               
better  ways to  reach out  to licensees  to remind  them of  the                                                               
continuing education  requirements and help licensees  submit the                                                               
required  documentation   in  a  way  that   can  be  efficiently                                                               
reviewed.    Another  project  is   related  to  military  spouse                                                               
licensure,  and the  board intends  to find  a way  to make  this                                                               
process more efficient,  she said.  She explained  that the board                                                               
only meets four  times a year, which means  that military spouses                                                               
sometimes have to  wait for three to four months  for the license                                                               
application to be  reviewed by the board.  The  final project she                                                               
mentioned  is  finding  ways  to  reach out  to  the  public  and                                                               
licensees.    Additionally,  the  board  is  considering  how  to                                                               
incorporate  interior  designers  into   the  board  if  interior                                                               
designer becomes a licensed profession.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
4:52:39 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ  noted  that   Ms.  Johnston  is  a  two-time                                                               
graduate of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS. JOHNSTON  responded that  that is correct.   She  shared that                                                               
she  has  a  Master  of  Engineering Management  as  well  as  an                                                               
engineering degree.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ  expressed that it's great  to see individuals                                                               
who  graduated from  the university  system  go on  to serve  the                                                               
community in important ways.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
4:53:04 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   MCCARTY  asked   Ms.   Johnston   what  she   is                                                               
experiencing on the board regarding reciprocity of licenses.                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.   JOHNSTON  responded   that  there   are  several   national                                                               
organizations  that  the  board   contributes  to  that  work  to                                                               
facilitate  licensure.   She mentioned  the board  is looking  at                                                               
ways to have  license application reviewed prior  to the meetings                                                               
to  expedite the  process,  which would  include  the board  only                                                               
looking  at the  requirements  specific to  Alaska, and  allowing                                                               
other entities to check the national requirements.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY  asked Ms. Johnston that  process is being                                                               
challenged  because  of  statutes   that  don't  recognize  other                                                               
entities.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MS. JOHNSTON responded  that the board believes it  is within the                                                               
regulations that already exist; however,  the board is working on                                                               
adding language  that makes it  more explicit that the  board can                                                               
accept records prior to the meetings.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY  expressed that she is  very well informed                                                               
regarding matters of the board.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
4:55:21 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ opened public  testimony on the appointment of                                                               
Elizabeth Johnston  to the Board of  Registration for Architects,                                                               
Engineers & Land Surveyors.   After ascertaining that no one else                                                               
wished to testify, she closed public testimony.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
[The confirmation  hearing for  Elizabeth Johnston,  appointee to                                                               
the  Board  of  Registration  for Architects,  Engineers  &  Land                                                               
Surveyors, was held over.]                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
^Workers' Compensation Appeals Commission                                                                                       
             Workers' Compensation Appeals Commission                                                                       
                                                                                                                              
4:55:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ announced  that  the next  order of  business                                                               
would  be   a  confirmation  hearing  in   consideration  of  the                                                               
governor's  appointee   to  the  Workers'   Compensation  Appeals                                                               
Commission.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
4:55:40 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JAMES   RHODES,   Appointee,    Workers'   Compensation   Appeals                                                               
Commission, explained  that he has  been serving on  the Workers'                                                               
Compensation Appeals Commission  since 2012.  He  shared that one                                                               
of the requirements to serve on  the commission is to first serve                                                               
on the Workers'  Compensation Board, which he has done.   He said                                                               
it has been both challenging and  rewarding to serve, and that it                                                               
is his way to "give back to the system."                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:57:07 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR SPOHNHOLZ opened public  testimony on the appointment of                                                               
James  Rhodes to  the Workers'  Compensation Appeals  Commission.                                                               
After  ascertaining  that no  one  else  wished to  testify,  she                                                               
closed public testimony.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
[The  confirmation hearing  for  James Rhodes,  appointee to  the                                                               
Workers' Compensation Appeals Commission, was held over.]                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:57:30 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took a brief at-ease.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
^Board of Dental Examiners                                                                                                      
                    Board of Dental Examiners                                                                               
^Board of Massage Therapists                                                                                                    
                   Board of Massage Therapists                                                                              
^Board of Pharmacy                                                                                                              
                        Board of Pharmacy                                                                                   
                                                                                                                              
4:58:00 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ announced  that the  final order  of business                                                               
would   be  confirmation   hearings  in   consideration  of   the                                                               
governor's  appointees  to the  Board  of  Dental Examiners,  the                                                               
Board of Massage Therapists, and the Board of Pharmacy.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ  stated that  the  House  Labor and  Commerce                                                               
Standing  Committee  had [during  the  House  Labor and  Commerce                                                               
Standing  Committee  meeting  on  March  3,  2020]  reviewed  the                                                               
qualifications  of   the  following  governor's   appointees  for                                                               
consideration:  Kelly Lucas  to  the Board  of Dental  Examiners;                                                               
Julie  Endle  to  the  Board of  Massage  Therapists;  and  James                                                               
Henderson  and Tammy  Lindemuth  to the  Board  of Pharmacy  [and                                                               
would  advance  the  confirmations   to  the  joint  session  for                                                               
consideration].   She the committee that  each member's signature                                                               
on  the committee  report in  no way  reflects the  member's vote                                                               
during  the  joint  floor  session.     [The  confirmations  were                                                               
advanced.]                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:58:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SPOHNHOLZ next  requested  a motion  to  allow the  co-                                                               
chairs  of the  House Labor  and Commerce  Standing Committee  to                                                               
draft legislation on behalf of the committee.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:59:36 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SCHRAGE  moved that Representatives  Spohnholz and                                                               
Fields  be  delegated  the  duties  and  responsibilities  in  AS                                                               
24.08.060(a)  during regular  and  special sessions  of the  32nd                                                               
Alaska  State Legislature.   This  delegation  remains in  effect                                                               
until withdrawn by the committee.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
5:00:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY  objected for  the purpose  of discussion.                                                               
He commented that  he has not read the statute  and would like to                                                               
read it.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
5:00:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at-ease from 5:00 p.m. to 5:06 p.m.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
5:06:40 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE MCCARTY  withdrew his  objection.  There  being no                                                               
further objection, the motion passed.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
5:07:42 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNMENT                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
There being no further business before the committee, the House                                                                 
Labor and Commerce Standing Committee meeting was adjourned at                                                                  
5:08 p.m.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
HB 45 Sectional Analysis 2.24.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/15/2021 6:30:00 PM
HB 45
HB 45 Sponsor Statement 2.24.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/15/2021 6:30:00 PM
HB 45
HB 45 Supporting Document- Coronavirus and Police Article- The Washington Post 2.24.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 Supporting document- COVID-19 as an occpational disease article 2.24.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 Supporting Document- Healthcare Worker Risks Article 2.24.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 Supporting document- NCSL-COVID-19 Workers' Compensation 2.24.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 Supporting document- occupational exposure to COVID-19 article 2.24.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 Letter of Support - AFL-CIO 3.3.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 Version A.PDF HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/15/2021 6:30:00 PM
HB 45
HB 45 Presentation 3.2.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/15/2021 6:30:00 PM
HB 45
HB 99 Sponsor Statement v. A 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/12/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 99
HB 99 v. A 2.18.21.PDF HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/12/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 99
HB 99 Testimony – Received as of 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/12/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 99
HB 99 Sectional Analysis v. A 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/12/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 99
Enlow R Walker 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
James Rhodes Board Application 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
Elizabeth Johnston Resume 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
James Rhodes Resume 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
Nick Miller Board Application 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
Nick Miller MCB Letter 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
Thomas Trosvig Resume 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
Christina Durham Board Application 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
Christina Durham Resume 3.4.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 Fiscal Note DOLWD-WC 1.22.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/15/2021 6:30:00 PM
HB 45
HB 99 Fiscal Note DCCED-CBPL 2.26.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/12/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 99
HB 45 Letter of Opposition - APCIA, 3.3.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 99 Letter of Support - AOTA.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/12/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 99
HB 45 background document- Division of Workers' Compensation- Effects of Covid 3.3.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/15/2021 6:30:00 PM
HB 45
HB 45 background document- Division of Workers' Compenstion- COVID-19 WC Year End Report Final 3.3.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/15/2021 6:30:00 PM
HB 45
HB 45 background document- NCCI- AK HB 45 Analysis 3.3.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HL&C 3/15/2021 6:30:00 PM
HB 45
HB 45 supporting document- CDC analysis of childcare setting outbreak in Utah 3.1.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 supporting document- EurekAlert! Science News- risk to firefighters and emergency medical workers in NYC 3.1.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 supporting document- grocery worker study 3.1.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 supporting document- Kaiser Family Foundation- Teachers at Risk of Serious Illness 3.1.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 supporting document- The Lancet- essential workers article 3.1.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 supporting document- The Lancet- Risk of COVID-19 among health-care workers study 3.1.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 supporting document- Washington Post- children transmission article 3.1.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM
HB 45 supporting document- Why So Many Covid-19 Workers’ Comp Claims Are Being Rejected - WSJ- 3.3.21.pdf HL&C 3/5/2021 3:15:00 PM