Legislature(2009 - 2010)BUTROVICH 205

02/05/2010 03:15 PM LABOR & COMMERCE


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03:25:43 PM Start
03:26:30 PM Overview on United States Census
05:10:51 PM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
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+ Presentation by the U.S. Census Bureau TELECONFERENCED
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
          HOUSE LABOR AND COMMERCE STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                         
                        February 5, 2010                                                                                        
                           3:25 p.m.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Representative Kurt Olson, Chair                                                                                                
Representative Mike Chenault                                                                                                    
Representative Bob Lynn                                                                                                         
Representative Tammie Wilson                                                                                                    
Representative Robert L. "Bob" Buch                                                                                             
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Representative Mark Neuman, Vice Chair                                                                                          
Representative Lindsey Holmes                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
OVERVIEW ON UNITED STATES CENSUS                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
No previous action to record                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
HECTOR MALDONADO, Partnership Coordinator                                                                                       
Seattle Regional Census Center                                                                                                  
US Census Bureau                                                                                                                
Seattle, Washington                                                                                                             
POSITION STATEMENT:  Presented a PowerPoint overview of the 2010                                                              
Census in Alaska                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
WENDY HAWLEY, Area Manager                                                                                                      
Seattle Regional Census Center                                                                                                  
U.S. Census Bureau                                                                                                              
Bothell, Washington                                                                                                             
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified and answered questions during the                                                              
Overview of the U.S. Census.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MARK TANGUAY, Director                                                                                                          
Alaska Local Census Office                                                                                                      
U.S. Census Bureau                                                                                                              
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:   Presented during  the overview of  the 2010                                                             
U.S. Census in Alaska.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
ERIC DAVENPORT, SR., Partnership Specialist                                                                                     
Cascadia, Olympus, and Tongass Team Leader                                                                                      
U.S. Census Bureau                                                                                                              
Olympia, Washington                                                                                                             
POSITION STATEMENT:  Presented an  overview during the discussion                                                             
of the U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Census.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:25:43 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR KURT  OLSON called  the House  Labor and  Commerce Standing                                                             
Committee  meeting to  order  at 3:25  p.m.   Representatives  T.                                                               
Wilson, Lynn, Buch, and Olson were  present at the call to order.                                                               
Representative Chenault  arrived as the meeting  was in progress.                                                               
Representative Gruenberg was also in attendance.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
^Overview on United States Census                                                                                               
                Overview on United States Census                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
3:26:30 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR OLSON  announced that the  only order of business  would be                                                               
an Overview of the U.S. Census.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
3:27:00 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
HECTOR  MALDONADO,  Partnership   Coordinator,  Seattle  Regional                                                               
Census Center,  U.S. Census Bureau,  introduced his team:   Wendy                                                               
Hawley, Area  Manager for  Alaska and  part of  Washington State;                                                               
Eric Davenport,  Senior Partnership  Specialist for  Cascadia and                                                               
Olympus, and Mark  Tanguay, Tongass Team Leader,  and Director of                                                               
the Alaska Local Census Office,  and Partnership Specialists Eric                                                               
Morrison, Lavern Lamereaux, Donald  Woodkey, Michael Clemens, and                                                               
Gerry Donohoe.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
3:29:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO showed a short video  as a means of introducing the                                                               
2010 Census in Alaska.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
3:34:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MALDONADO  explained  that  his  overview  would  cover  the                                                               
reasons   for  the   census,  the   constitutional  mandate   and                                                               
responsibility,  the  Census  Bureau   Structure,  the  ease  and                                                               
safeguards, and importance of the  census, the goals, objectives,                                                               
and implementation  of the Partnership  in Alaska  Program [slide                                                               
2].                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
3:34:56 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO  discussed the constitutional mandate  for the U.S.                                                               
Census [slide  3].  Each census  since 1790 has been  mandated by                                                               
the U.S. Constitution.  Article  1, Section 2 of the Constitution                                                               
of the  United States  requires the  federal government  to count                                                               
the   population   of   this  country   for   apportionment   and                                                               
distribution  of funds.   After  the final  population count,  on                                                               
December 31, 2010, the census  must be submitted to the President                                                               
and  Alaska,  along  with  the   other  states,  will  begin  the                                                               
redistricting process, based on its population.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
3:35:45 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO described  the Census Bureau structure  as the four                                                               
pillars  of the  2010  Census, which  are Operations,  Geography,                                                               
Census  Coverage Measurement,  and  Partnership  & Data  Services                                                               
(slide 4].  The accuracy of  the census depends on its operations                                                               
and field  staff.   The specific housing  units within  the state                                                               
are   identified   and  help   ensure   each   home  receives   a                                                               
questionnaire.    The  census coverage  measurement  provides  an                                                               
assessment of  the overall census  performance.   The Partnership                                                               
and  Data Services  is the  public relations  branch of  the U.S.                                                               
Census  Bureau  that conducts  outreach  to  ensure all  entities                                                               
within the state are used to inform citizens about the census.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
3:37:03 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO discussed the importance  of the census data [slide                                                               
5].  The  U.S. Census data helps states  make informed decisions.                                                               
States need accurate  data to help local communities.   Over $400                                                               
billion is distributed to states  and communities based on census                                                               
data.  U.S.  Census data helps guide planning  for local services                                                               
and  infrastructure for  schools,  roads,  and capital  projects.                                                               
Additionally, the U.S.  Census data helps determine  the need for                                                               
special  initiatives to  serve the  needs  of local  communities,                                                               
including  determining  whether  bilingual  programs  or  special                                                               
transportation systems are needed.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:38:05 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MALDONADO discussed  the ease  of  the census  questionnaire                                                               
[slide 6].   The 2010  census questionnaire is easier  than ever.                                                               
It consists  of 10  questions that  should take  approximately 10                                                               
minutes or less to complete.   Detailed data will be collected on                                                               
an ongoing survey,  the American Community Survey,  which will be                                                               
sent  to  a small  sample  of  the  population.   While  previous                                                               
censuses consisted  of a long  form, the 2010 U.S.  Census format                                                               
has changed and will only be given in a short form.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO  explained the confidentiality  of the  2010 Census                                                               
[slide 7].   The data collected is completely  confidential.  The                                                               
individual responses  are safeguarded by  Title XIII U.S.C.   The                                                               
Census Bureau employees cannot share  data with anyone, including                                                               
federal and  local law enforcement  agencies.  No one  can access                                                               
the specific  data for  72 years  and the only  data that  can be                                                               
shared is statistical data.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
3:40:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MALDONADO discussed  the  U.S. Census's  goal,  which is  to                                                               
count everyone  [slide 8].   In Alaska,  the census  workers will                                                               
mail, hand  deliver, or personally enumerate  281,616 households.                                                               
He  anticipated that  the  U.S. Census  Bureau  will survey  over                                                               
681,000 residents,  containing 19,349  people in  group quarters,                                                               
and covering 663,268 square miles.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:41:22 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MALDONADO discussed  the hiring  practices [slide  9].   The                                                               
U.S. Census  Bureau will hire  locals to do local  work, promises                                                               
to  obtain an  accurate count,  and will  save taxpayer  money by                                                               
increasing the mail response rate (MRR).                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
3:42:14 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
WENDY HAWLEY, Area Manager, Seattle  Regional Census Center, U.S.                                                               
Census Bureau,  stated that  her area  covers portions  of Alaska                                                               
and  Washington  State.    She   related  she  has  26  years  of                                                               
experience  with  the U.S.  Census  Bureau  and as  a  geographer                                                               
understands the  geography in Alaska.   She previously  served as                                                               
an area manager in 2000, although  she did not serve Alaska.  She                                                               
related  that  she  understands   the  size,  the  transportation                                                               
difficulties, and welcomes the opportunity  to meet challenges of                                                               
the U.S. Census [slide 2].                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
3:44:26 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY offered  that each Congressional District  has a local                                                               
census office [slide 3].  In  Alaska, the local office is located                                                               
in Anchorage.  The U.S. Census  conducts all of its operations in                                                               
Alaska from  that office.  The  U.S. Census Bureau has  depots or                                                               
distribution centers in Juneau and  Fairbanks, but the management                                                               
staff is  based in Anchorage.   The U.S. Census  Bureau employees                                                               
in Anchorage  are Alaskan  residents and  have the  knowledge and                                                               
understanding  of the  challenges in  Alaska.   Their  job is  to                                                               
insure that everyone  is counted once, and only once,  and in the                                                               
correct place.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
3:45:22 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY  reviewed the  2010 Census timeline  and key  dates in                                                               
Alaska [slide  4].  She  explained that the population  data must                                                               
be  submitted to  President  Obama  by December  31,  2010.   She                                                               
related  that the  operational dates  are firm  dates and  do not                                                               
change, that  additional people are  hired to insure the  work is                                                               
completed timely.  The U.S.  Bureau of Census employees completed                                                               
address canvassing  in the  spring 2009.   Census  employees went                                                               
door-to-door to  update address lists  and maps.   Beginning with                                                               
the 2000  master address file,  the addresses were  updated prior                                                               
to delivering  questionnaires, by mail,  or by hand.   Since Fall                                                               
2009, the U.S.  Census Bureau began to recruit  census takers and                                                               
will  continually  recruit workers  through  April  or May  2010.                                                               
Remote  enumeration  began  in  Noorvik  on  January  25  and  is                                                               
currently  ongoing.    An  assistant   manager  works  on  remote                                                               
enumeration  for approximately  217  villages  or communities  in                                                               
Alaska.    In  February  -   March  2010,  the  Mailout/Mailback,                                                               
Update/Leave, and  rural enumeration  process will  be completed.                                                               
April 1,  2010 is the  reference date for  the 2010 Census.   The                                                               
surveys are  mailed out prior to  that date but people  are asked                                                               
to use  the April  1st date  when completing  the questionnaires.                                                               
She asked, "Where  were you or where will you  be living on April                                                               
1st."   Non-response  follow-up  refers to  the  effort taken  to                                                               
capture  those who  did not  answer  the questionnaire.   When  a                                                               
person does  not mail back  their questionnaire, a  census worker                                                               
will physically  contact the person.   Some people live  in group                                                               
quarters and  not in  housing units.   Others live  in transitory                                                               
locations, such as  marinas, under bridges, or  in soup kitchens.                                                               
At the end  of March census takers will spend  an evening to help                                                               
insure that the  census will count everyone, even  people who are                                                               
homeless.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
3:48:18 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY referred to the  types of enumeration areas [slide 5].                                                               
She explained that  Mr. Tanguay will identify  the specific areas                                                               
for  mail out  and  enumeration  in Alaska.    She discussed  the                                                               
details  of  enumeration that  is  planned  for Southeast  Alaska                                                               
[slide 6].   She related  that most  of Southeast Alaska  will be                                                               
counted   using  the   "update  leave   or  update   enumeration"                                                               
processes.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
3:49:10 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MARK TANGUAY,  Director, Alaska Local Census  Office, U.S. Census                                                               
Bureau,  began by  explaining the  enumeration methodologies  for                                                               
Alaska [slide  7].  He  pointed out that  Alaska is diverse  so a                                                               
variety of methods will be used  to complete the U.S. 2010 Census                                                               
in  Alaska.   The main  method used  will be  a "Mailout/Mailback                                                               
(MO/MB) process, which  is the process that will be  used in most                                                               
of the  Lower 48 and  about 85  percent of Alaska,  in Anchorage,                                                               
Fairbanks, and  Juneau.  The block  groups must be 70  percent or                                                               
more for this type of delivery.   The next type the "Update/Leave                                                               
(U/L)" is used when the map  is updated to show housing units and                                                               
forms will  be left  at the  door.  Thus,  a census  worker would                                                               
literally go  to every  door and  leave a  form for  residents to                                                               
return in  a pre-paid postage  return envelope.  The  U/L process                                                               
will  be  used  for  the remaining  sections  of  Anchorage,  the                                                               
Fairbanks  North   Star  Borough,  the  eastern   side  of  Kenai                                                               
Peninsula, and the  Mat-Su Borough.  The U/L  process is expanded                                                               
in 2010.  The U/L method will also  be used in hub areas in rural                                                               
Alaska,  such as  Dillingham or  Bethel.   He  restated that  the                                                               
census   workers   would  canvass   each   block   and  leave   a                                                               
questionnaire  at  every door  along  with  the pre-paid  postage                                                               
envelope.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
3:51:50 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY explained  the enumeration  methodologies for  Rural                                                               
Alaska [slide  8].  Rural  Update Enumerate  is a method  used in                                                               
Southeast Alaska and  applies to areas with  communities that are                                                               
sparsely populated.   This enumeration  process is used  in areas                                                               
of  Southeast Alaska,  in which  people cannot  readily access  a                                                               
U.S.  Post  Office.   The  areas  included contain  approximately                                                               
4,500  housing  units, and  tend  to  have a  geographic  social,                                                               
cultural,  or linguistic  characteristic  that  could affect  the                                                               
questionnaire  response rates.   Most  of these  houses are  only                                                               
accessible by  boat.  The census  taker will use a  boat or float                                                               
plane   to  contact   the  parties,   and  will   fill  out   the                                                               
questionnaire at the time, as well  as update the lists and maps.                                                               
The intent is to cover every square inch of Alaska.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY highlighted  that the  remote Alaska  enumeration is                                                               
currently happening  and will cover approximately  27,000 housing                                                               
units in villages [slide 9].   The census worker will train local                                                               
villagers to conduct the surveys.   He stressed the importance of                                                               
having locals  involved to  obtain a  better response  rate since                                                               
they are familiar  with the rural residents and  often know them.                                                               
Census  takers  will  update  the   address  list  and  maps  and                                                               
interview the household in person,  even in outlying areas.  This                                                               
includes  attending  cultural  events,  fish camps,  and  due  to                                                               
weather and events is considered a fluid schedule.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:54:35 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY  covered  additional enumeration  methodologies  for                                                               
Alaska, including that the U.S.  Census Bureau will work directly                                                               
with  the  military  to  count  military  personnel  on  military                                                               
installations, whether they live  on-base or off-base [slide 10].                                                               
This method includes Group Quarters  (GQ), which are places where                                                               
people live  or stay,  such as  college dormitories,  jails, fish                                                               
processors, nursing homes, and elder housing.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
3:56:23 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. TANGUAY outlined the enumeration  of homeless [slide 11].  He                                                               
stated  that  the  U.S.  Census  Bureau  will  hold  a  three-day                                                               
operation,  including  census  taking at  emergency  shelters  on                                                               
March 29th,  soup kitchens and  regularly scheduled food  vans on                                                               
March  30th,  and  targeted non-sheltered  outdoor  locations  on                                                               
March  31st.    He  remarked  that  it  is  important  to  stress                                                               
confidentiality as many  homeless do not want to  be located, but                                                               
it is the census worker's job to find them.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
3:57:36 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY  related  the enumeration  at  transitory  locations                                                               
[slide 12].   He explained  that between  March 19 and  April 12,                                                               
2010, the  U.S. Census Bureau  will conduct the U.S.  2010 Census                                                               
to   capture   recreational   vehicle   (R/V)   parks,   marinas,                                                               
racetracks,  camp   grounds,  carnivals,  fairs,   circuses,  and                                                               
designated hotels and motels.  The  target date of April 1st will                                                               
be used  as the date  for people to  use as their  location date,                                                               
keeping in mind that the people in this group are mobile.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
3:58:18 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. TANGUAY  described the  Non-Response Follow-up  (NRFU) [slide                                                               
13].   He explained the process  the U.S. Census Bureau  will use                                                               
for people who  do not return their questionnaires.   Despite the                                                               
efforts taken,  and the partnerships  used, some people  will not                                                               
return their  forms.   They may think  the questionnaire  is junk                                                               
mail  or may  be too  busy to  fill out  the form.   In  2000, 58                                                               
percent  was the  NRFU rate.   The  constitution and  federal law                                                               
determines how the 2010 Census  is conducted and the methods used                                                               
are  constitutional.   He recapped  that the  U.S. Census  Bureau                                                               
uses  master  address  files, an  opportunity  exists  for  local                                                               
communities  to provide  additional  information,  the areas  are                                                               
canvassed,  and other  procedures  are used  for specific  issues                                                               
such as fires.   Census takers physically knock on  doors and use                                                               
checks and  balances to  insure that  people are  counted whether                                                               
they reside at a lakeside cabin or in a home.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:00:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. TANGUAY described the field  verification operation, which is                                                               
a final check on the  existence of specific addresses in specific                                                               
census blocks.  The field  verification is designed to verify the                                                               
existence of  homes in  order to  be certain that  a home  is not                                                               
accidentally  deleted  from  a  list.    Telephone  questionnaire                                                               
assistance may provide information  on additional housing.  Thus,                                                               
in the event  a person provides information about  a housing unit                                                               
that  is not  included in  the  2010 Census  records, the  census                                                               
personnel will verify  the existence of the home,  and whether an                                                               
individual or a family resides at the location.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR. TANGUAY  outlined the "Be Counted  Questionnaires," which are                                                               
similar to  absentee ballots and  are available to those  who did                                                               
not  receive their  initial  questionnaire.   This  questionnaire                                                               
will be cross-referenced to be  certain the person is not counted                                                               
twice.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:01:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY explained  the process  for "Non  Response Follow-up                                                               
Vacate/Delete Check [slide  15]."  He explained  that any housing                                                               
unit  that  is   reported  as  non-existent  or   deleted  by  an                                                               
enumerator during the NRFU is  double checked by an enumerator to                                                               
be certain a house is not  missed.  People may be visited several                                                               
times  during  the  process  since a  certain  sample  is  double                                                               
checked for accuracy and data  is sometimes incorrectly reported,                                                               
such as a person's tendency to  write the current year as his/her                                                               
birth  date.   A method  exists to  identify new  address in  the                                                               
process  of  conducting the  census,  such  as new  construction,                                                               
which can be cross referenced with the U.S. Post Office.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:04:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. TANGUAY  described the quality control  and quality assurance                                                               
process [slide  16].  He  stressed the importance of  an accurate                                                               
census count.  Depending on the  field operation, 5 to 10 percent                                                               
of each census  employee's work is re-interviewed.   If errors in                                                               
a census  employee's work are  discovered, the  entire assignment                                                               
area will be redone.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR. TANGUAY discussed  office and field jobs  and salaries [slide                                                               
17].  U.S.  Census workers receive fair wages.   The census taker                                                               
or enumerators are  temporary positions and workers  are paid $25                                                               
per  hour.   Some people  consider this  work to  be their  civic                                                               
responsibility.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
4:06:07 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY highlighted  the  importance  of decennial  staffing                                                               
[slide 18].   Census work  is labor intensive since  workers must                                                               
verify  every  address and  interview  every  household.   Census                                                               
workers  may  sleep  on  gym  floors,  and  they  understand  the                                                               
hardships involved.  He described  the census takers as extremely                                                               
loyal.   Additionally,  he emphasized  the  importance of  having                                                               
local  people  involved.     The  2010  Census   will  require  a                                                               
sufficient number of census takers in all areas of the state.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:07:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY  outlined the  qualifications  for  the U.S.  Census                                                               
Bureau employees,  including that they  must be U.S.  citizens, a                                                               
minimum  of 18-years-old,  have a  valid social  security number,                                                               
and all  males born  after December 31,  1959 must  be registered                                                               
with selective service.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
4:07:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY  explained  the  census  taker  duties  [slide  20].                                                               
Census takers travel  the assignment area to  update map features                                                               
and  update  housing  units, interview,  and  leave  or  complete                                                               
census forms  for all housing  structures.  Census  workers check                                                               
work for  accuracy and completeness,  and may be hired  as guides                                                               
or interpreters.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:08:28 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ERIC DAVENPORT,  SR., Partnership Specialist,  Cascadia, Olympus,                                                               
and  Tongass  Team  Leader,  U.S.  Census  Bureau,  presented  an                                                               
overview of  partnering during  the U.S.  2010 Census  [slide 1].                                                               
Reasons  to partner  are that  the  stakes are  high, that  fewer                                                               
funds and underrepresentation can  happen that affect everyone in                                                               
Alaska's  communities [slide  2].   Since  January  1, 2010,  528                                                               
babies have  been born in this  state and need to  be counted and                                                               
the accuracy of the census  is important to insure these children                                                               
are counted for the school count.   Some states like Michigan may                                                               
lose seats,  but others may gain  additional Congressional seats.                                                               
He emphasized that people are  working hard to insure accuracy of                                                               
the 2010 Census.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:11:55 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVENPORT  related that  this is the  23rd census  since 1790                                                               
[slide  3].   The questions  have changed  over time  and federal                                                               
marshals  are  no longer  used  to  conduct  the census  as  they                                                               
created   undue   fear.     Some   things   have   worked   well.                                                               
Traditionally,  Native Americans  are  undercounted  in the  U.S.                                                               
Decennial Census counts, but are  actively engaged in the current                                                               
process.   For example,  in Alaska, the  U.S. Census  Bureau will                                                               
use a specialist  in Tlingit/Haida.  The  Partnership Program has                                                               
broadened and  will help the  U.S. Census Bureau obtain  a better                                                               
count.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:13:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVENPORT provided a brief  historical perspective [slide 3].                                                               
The  first census  was  taken  in 1790.    The U.S.  Constitution                                                               
requires a decennial  count.  If a household is  missed, the mail                                                               
response rate  in 2000 was  67 percent.   Thus, one third  of the                                                               
households  did  not  mail  their questionnaires  back.    It  is                                                               
expensive to send  field workers, or enumerators,  to count them.                                                               
It is a  costly process.  Every percentage  point of non-returned                                                               
questionnaires costs  the U.S. between  $80 and $90 million.   In                                                               
2000, $2.8 billion was spent  to count the one-third of Americans                                                               
that did not return their questionnaires.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:15:08 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVENPORT  discussed mail  return rates  [slide 4].   Between                                                               
1960  and 1990  the  mail  rates declined.    For  the U.S.  2000                                                               
Census, partnering  was stressed,  and Complete  Count Committees                                                               
were used, which  has increased the partnering rate.   He related                                                               
that partnering  and Complete Count Committees  (CCC) work [slide                                                               
5].  Partnering works because  states know their citizenry better                                                               
than the U.S. Census Bureau.   The U.S. Census Bureau wants local                                                               
involvement since  people can affect  change, and change  is what                                                               
is needed  to improve  the mail  in rate.   Thus,  partnering and                                                               
working  with the  CCCs is  very  important, has  an impact,  and                                                               
improves the mail-in rate.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:17:24 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  DAVENPORT reviewed  Alaska's  Mail-Response  Rate in  Census                                                               
2000  [slide 6].    The national  mail in  response  rate was  67                                                               
percent, but Alaska's mail in  response rate was only 56 percent.                                                               
The  mail in  response  rate  for the  Anchorage  Borough was  62                                                               
percent.    Some other  rates  for  mail  in response  rates  for                                                               
Alaskan  cities  during  the  2000  Census  were:  Juneau  at  60                                                               
percent,  Kenai at  47 percent,  North  Pole at  42 percent,  and                                                               
Soldotna at 49 percent.  He  stressed that the U.S. Census Bureau                                                               
needs help to improve these rates.   He stated that leveraging is                                                               
what the U.S. Census Bureau does  best [slide 7].  Pooling assets                                                               
and  minimizing weaknesses  will  accomplish results  nationwide.                                                               
He said, "Pooling assets is a  critical part of this whole entire                                                               
effort."                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:18:29 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  DAVENPORT pointed  out specific  strengths [slide  8].   Key                                                               
resources   to  increase   the   mail   response  rates   include                                                               
facilities,   communication   outlets,   human   resources,   and                                                               
knowledge  of  the people.    He  discussed specific  strategies,                                                               
including Transportation Systems.  The  U.S. is a mobile society,                                                               
including  buses, trains,  vehicles,  and the  AMHS  system.   He                                                               
explained that the  U.S. Census Bureau has  brochures and posters                                                               
on each of the ferries in  the Washington State Ferry System.  It                                                               
would be great  to do the same  in the AMHS, as a  means to serve                                                               
some coastal Alaskan communities.   Additionally, the U.S. Census                                                               
Bureau had  cards printed  to place  on buses  since many  of the                                                               
hard to count  populations rely on bus transit  systems for their                                                               
primary transportation.   Imaging helps to  break down reluctance                                                               
to  participate.   Alaska  also  has  a  state railroad  and  the                                                               
various   terminals  statewide   provide   great  visibility   to                                                               
advertise the  importance of the  U.S. Census 2010, and  that the                                                               
process is easy to participate in and is safe.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
4:20:19 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.   DAVENPORT  outlined   public   communication  outlets   and                                                               
utilities.   He  stated  that  this meeting  is  a  great way  to                                                               
partner with  the U.S. Census Bureau,  to disseminate information                                                               
to  people and  let them  know contact  information in  the event                                                               
they  have questions.   Other  ways the  U.S. Census  Bureau will                                                               
communicate with the public is  through public television, and by                                                               
creating drop-in  articles to use  in constituent  newsletters or                                                               
other  newsletters or  billings, such  as slogans  to enclose  in                                                               
utility billing.   Additionally, the U.S. Census  Bureau will use                                                               
public service announcements (PSAs).                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:21:07 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVENPORT  discussed state and local  governments [slide 11].                                                               
He explained that  state and local governments  can be especially                                                               
helpful in  conducting the 2010  Census because they are  rich in                                                               
facilities,  communication, and  human  resources.   This can  be                                                               
helpful because  the U.S. Census  Bureau needs to have  places to                                                               
train  people.   Often times,  the  U.S. Census  Bureau looks  to                                                               
schools  and  city halls  for  conference  rooms  as a  means  of                                                               
partnering   with  local   communities.     Additionally,   other                                                               
resources  that can  be helpful  are  posters and  rack cards  on                                                               
display,  bookmarks at  check-out counters  at libraries,  all of                                                               
which can be low-cost ways to get the message out.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
4:21:55 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVENPORT  related that  the Schools  and Youth  Programs are                                                               
robust [slide 12].   He referred to their  website at census.gov,                                                               
which provides  information and curriculum  that can  be printed.                                                               
The materials  are geared  for the K-12  classrooms.   He pointed                                                               
out  that  the  website  provides  a  great  resource  for  rural                                                               
communities.   He stated that  the U.S. Census Bureau  would love                                                               
to  obtain the  endorsement  of the  Department  of Education  in                                                               
Alaska.    For  example,  the Washington  State  Commissioner  of                                                               
Education provided an  endorsement for the census  that then went                                                               
to  schools.   He said,  "Getting  the message  home through  the                                                               
dinner table has  a whole different resonance to it  than when it                                                               
comes across  the television  or it  comes through  other media."                                                               
Thus,  promoting  the  census information  and  integrating  this                                                               
information   through    families   can   result    in   positive                                                               
participation.   He highlighted efforts  to work with  some state                                                               
departments [slide  13].  He  offered his belief that  the recent                                                               
meetings with Alaska's Commissioners  for the Department of Labor                                                               
& Workforce Development and Department  of Commerce, Community, &                                                               
Economic Development  indicate their strong support  for the U.S.                                                               
Census Bureau's efforts to conduct the 2010 Census.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
4:24:16 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVENPORT  referred to slide  14, titled "So where  does this                                                               
lead us?"   He answered  that no single  person or entity  can do                                                               
this  alone.    He  related  that  many low  cost  or    no  cost                                                               
strategies exist,  but that partnering  is the key  component for                                                               
the success of  the 2010 Census to increase  the mail-in response                                                               
rate of census questionnaires and  reduce the overall Census 2010                                                               
costs.   The impacts are substantial  [slide 15].  On  a national                                                               
basis,  the  anticipated appropriation  for  the  2010 Census  is                                                               
$1,400 for  each person or  $5,600 for a family  of 4.   Only one                                                               
census is conducted per decade.  Thus,  if one family of 4 is not                                                               
counted,  the potential  impact is  a  loss or  reduction to  the                                                               
state of $56,000.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVENPORT offered  to partner with legislators  and the state                                                               
to  build a  machine in  Alaska that  will result  in a  complete                                                               
count [slide 16].                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
4:25:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  OLSON remarked  that the  meeting  came about  informally,                                                               
that  the Gavel-to-Gavel  coverage  will be  aired  at least  six                                                               
times and the presentation is  also streaming live statewide.  He                                                               
emphasized  that the  committee wants  everyone counted.   It  is                                                               
important  for   the  appropriation   process  as  well   as  for                                                               
reapportionment.   He  welcomed participation  and wants  to help                                                               
people get counted for the U.S.  2010 Census.  He offered to meet                                                               
informally to discuss ways to help.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
4:27:23 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE T. WILSON asked whether  people will be counted at                                                               
their  physical location  as  legislators will  be  in Juneau  on                                                               
April 1, but she resides in North Pole.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR.   TANGUAY  answered   that   she  would   receive  a   census                                                               
questionnaire  at  her  home  in  North  Pole  and  also  at  her                                                               
temporary  residence  here.    He related  that  the  system  has                                                               
methods to recognize  duplication, and the final  question on the                                                               
Census Questionnaire  is whether  the person normally  resides at                                                               
another  location.   In the  event that  the form  mailed to  her                                                               
North  Pole  address  is  not   returned,  a  census  taker  will                                                               
physically go  to the  address to  find out why  it had  not been                                                               
returned.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE T.  WILSON asked  what would  happen in  the event                                                               
that a  person does not  want to answer  all ten questions.   She                                                               
elaborated that  some people may  believe some questions  are not                                                               
the government's business.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR. TANGUAY responded that a  specific purpose exists for all ten                                                               
questions.    He explained  that  some  questions identify  if  a                                                               
school or senior citizen center should  be built.  One issue that                                                               
arose  in  an  election  process was  that  not  enough  language                                                               
ballots  had been  provided.   The  U.S. Census  2010 forms  help                                                               
identify the breakdown of primary  languages to help address that                                                               
issue.   Birthdates are important  to capture the age  groups, so                                                               
one question asks the specific ages  since some people put in the                                                               
wrong  birth year.    Reasons  exist for  each  question, and  if                                                               
people  understand the  reason for  each question,  they will  be                                                               
less  likely to  avoid  answering  the questions.    Part of  the                                                               
enumerator's job  is to help  educate people with respect  to the                                                               
importance of each question.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
4:31:01 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  T. WILSON  asked  specifically  whether a  person                                                               
will be  counted if he/she does  not answer all of  the questions                                                               
on the 2010 Census Questionnaire.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY  answered yes.   She  stated that  the person  will be                                                               
counted even if they do not  answer 100 percent of the questions.                                                               
In  further response  to Representative  T. Wilson,  she answered                                                               
that the  U.S. Census Bureau  does not  mail to U.S.  Post Office                                                               
boxes but does  list each residential address in  its data bases.                                                               
Each housing  unit is uniquely  identified with  a code.   In the                                                               
event  a Census  Questionnaire is  not returned,  a census  taker                                                               
will physically go to the door  to determine why the form was not                                                               
returned.  She related that often  times a person did not realize                                                               
they  received the  form and  may have  inadvertently tossed  the                                                               
form out.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:32:44 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE LYNN remarked that  he is interested in genealogy.                                                               
He expressed  concern that genealogists  will not have  access to                                                               
the information for  72 years.  He inquired as  to whether middle                                                               
initials would be used.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY responded  that the Census Questionnaire  is mailed to                                                               
a housing unit, not to a specific  person.  She stated that it is                                                               
a self-enumeration process  and will be up to  the individuals to                                                               
determine how they  will list their names.  She  related that the                                                               
form  contains  a space  for  the  middle  initial.   In  further                                                               
response  to  Representative  Lynn,  she explained  that  if  ten                                                               
people live in  a household but the family only  lists five, that                                                               
only  five will  be  counted.   She  related  that the  Decennial                                                               
Census  has  always  been  self-enumeration  and  the  forms  are                                                               
provided  and  people   fill  them  out.     She  emphasized  the                                                               
importance in  obtaining accurate information and  her hopes that                                                               
partnering  will   help  inform  people  of   the  importance  in                                                               
answering the  forms truthfully.   She remarked that it  does not                                                               
matter  if  the  information  reveals someone  is  in  the  state                                                               
illegally, and that some states  like California have issues with                                                               
illegal aliens.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
4:35:24 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE LYNN noted that  many families are non-traditional                                                               
families.  He asked how people answer those types of questions.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MALDONADO answered  that again,  the person  decides how  to                                                               
identify  his/her relationship  to  the head  of  household.   He                                                               
agreed that many unique relationships exist.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
4:36:56 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE LYNN  remarked that a National  Archives Office is                                                               
located in  Anchorage and contains  information on  U.S. Censuses                                                               
taken  dating back  to  1790.   He  inquired  as  to whether  the                                                               
records will also be on microfilm.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY answered that the  information is scanned.  In further                                                               
response  to Representative  Lynn, she  related that  one of  the                                                               
last  questions  asked  is  for   a  phone  number  in  case  the                                                               
questionnaire information cannot be read.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:38:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE LYNN asked  to have the 10 questions  that will be                                                               
asked on the Census Questionnaire briefly described.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY stated  that Question  1 is:  "How many  people were                                                               
living or  staying in  this house, apartment,  or mobile  home on                                                               
April 1, 2010?"   This question sets the timeframe  and number of                                                               
persons.   He stated that Question  2 asks a follow  up question,                                                               
"Were any additional  people staying here April 1,  2010 that you                                                               
did not include  in Question 1?"  This question  is designated to                                                               
trigger a person's memory, for  example, a person may recall that                                                               
he/she  did  not include  a  new  baby  in  the count  or  he/she                                                               
remembers  that a  grandfather is  residing in  their home  for a                                                               
year or two.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
4:39:07 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. TANGUAY  said Question 3  asks, "Is this a  house, apartment,                                                               
or  mobile   home..."    This  question   basically  provides  an                                                               
understanding  of whether  the house  or apartment  is rented  or                                                               
owned and who is staying at the  home.  Question 4 asks, "What is                                                               
your telephone  number?"   The telephone  number is  requested in                                                               
case any follow-up contact is needed.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
4:39:52 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. TANGUAY related  that Question 5 asks for  the person's name,                                                               
last name,  first name, and  middle initial, which  provides self                                                               
identification.   Question 6 asks  for the person's sex,  male or                                                               
female.  Question  7 asks for the person's age  and his/her birth                                                               
date  as   an  identifier,  and  to   identify  any  duplication.                                                               
Question 9  asks whether  the person is  of Hispanic,  Latino, or                                                               
Spanish  origin, noting  that for  this census,  Hispanic origins                                                               
are not  considered races.   Question  9 asks  for the  race, and                                                               
lists blocks  that can  be checked  or a  block to  enter another                                                               
race not listed.   Question 10 asks whether  the person sometimes                                                               
lives  or  stay somewhere  else.    This  helps to  identify  the                                                               
situation described  earlier, in  which a  legislator has  a home                                                               
but is in Juneau on April 1 to attend the legislative session.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
4:40:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  LYNN  offered his  strong  support  for the  U.S.                                                               
Census, both  for political  and national  reasons, but  also for                                                               
the genealogical aspects.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:41:04 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  GRUENBERG asked  from a  constitutional or  legal                                                               
point of  view, what protection  the person answering  the Census                                                               
Questionnaire would have  since, even if the  person is illegally                                                               
in the country, they  must fill out the form.   He inquired as to                                                               
how a person  who may be wanted by law  enforcement under a court                                                               
order, or as  a military deserter would be treated.   He inquired                                                               
as to  what constitutional  rights the person  would have  to not                                                               
identify themselves.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR.   TANGUAY   remarked   that    he   strongly   supports   the                                                               
constitutional,  legality,  and  confidentiality  of  the  Census                                                               
Questionnaire.  He  answered that he has  held conversations with                                                               
the director  of the Division  of Alaska State  Troopers, Colonel                                                               
Holloway, and if he were to  release any data he would be subject                                                               
to five years of incarceration and $250,000 fine.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
4:42:31 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  GRUENBERG   asked  whether  the   information  is                                                               
subject to a subpoena.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MR. TANGUAY answered  no.  The information cannot  be released to                                                               
any  law enforcement,  any  governmental  entity, individual,  or                                                               
organization, he  stated.  Additionally, if  a person photocopied                                                               
a  census  form,  law  enforcement  could  not  use  any  of  the                                                               
information  in a  court of  law.   He stressed  that all  census                                                               
information is protected and cannot be used against a person.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:43:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  GRUENBERG  explained  his interest  in  bilingual                                                               
voting.  He  related that many villages  conduct bilingual voting                                                               
and  in Kodiak,  since so  many Filipino  people reside  in these                                                               
areas and speak Tagalog.  He  asked for the bilingual process for                                                               
the U.S. Census 2010.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MALDONADO  offered  that  the U.S.  Census  2010  forms  are                                                               
available in  Russian, Vietnamese, Korean, Chinese,  and Spanish.                                                               
Certain parts of the country  that have high Hispanic populations                                                               
will  receive the  questionnaire  bilingually.   Other areas  can                                                               
request the questionnaire in those five languages.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE GRUENBERG  recalled that  under the  election laws                                                               
some   areas  must   conduct   bilingual   voting  by   political                                                               
subdivision.   He inquired  as to whether  any provision  is made                                                               
for  bilingual translators,  since some  languages in  the Alaska                                                               
Native culture do not have any written languages.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO offered  that the U.S. Census  Bureau partners with                                                               
local  communities and  have identified  Questionnaire Assistance                                                               
Centers  (QAC).   He  explained that  within  the communities  of                                                               
Anchorage, Juneau,  and Fairbanks, and Kotzebue,  the U.S. Census                                                               
Bureau will  make efforts to  find Tagalog speakers  for Filipino                                                               
citizens  to  work  at  the   QAC.    Other  people  can  receive                                                               
assistance by telephone.   In the event  an enumerator physically                                                               
contacts  a  non-responsive  home,  the Census  taker  will  have                                                               
access to 59  languages to determine which language  is spoken in                                                               
the home.  In the event  that a person needs translator, the U.S.                                                               
Census Bureau  will hire one  to translate for one  household, if                                                               
necessary.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:46:34 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  GRUENBERG  remarked  that some  people  are  very                                                               
senior and  cannot leave their  place of residence, that  over 50                                                               
languages are  spoken in the  local elementary schools,  and over                                                               
90 languages are  spoken in high school, including  Sudanese.  He                                                               
related  that  his  district  is   the  gateway  communities  for                                                               
immigrants, as well as from rural  Alaska.  He said he hopes that                                                               
the U.S. Census  Bureau will make necessary efforts  to count the                                                               
bilingual population.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
4:47:32 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  CHENAULT  asked  for  the reason  that  the  U.S.                                                               
Census Bureau  asks Question 8,  and separates out  the Hispanic,                                                               
Latino, or Spanish origins.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO  explained that  the questions  in the  U.S. Census                                                               
Bureau's  Questionnaire  were developed  by  the  U.S. Office  of                                                               
Management  and Budget,  with guidance  from the  Congress.   The                                                               
U.S. Census Bureau is instructed which questions to ask.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:48:41 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   CHENAULT  speculated   that  perhaps   the  U.S.                                                               
government is interested  in the ratio or percentage  of Cuban or                                                               
Puerto Rican  people in  the U.S.   He said  he was  just curious                                                               
about the  reason that  Native Hawaiians  are singled  out versus                                                               
other Pacific  Islanders, as well  as the reason  American Indian                                                               
or Alaska Native people are specifically identified.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
4:49:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  HAWLEY reiterated  that the  U.S. Office  of Management  and                                                               
Budget (OMB) approved the questions.   She explained that OMB has                                                               
a Steering Committee for the  Questionnaire which is comprised of                                                               
statisticians and political appointees  that reevaluate the prior                                                               
census and the  needs of the government.  She  suggested that the                                                               
question of  race and ethnicity  was compiled from  the frequency                                                               
of its use in  the U.S. Census 2000.  Thus,  instead of having to                                                               
write the  information in  a block,  a person  would check  a box                                                               
instead.   The overall size of  the form is limited  to one page.                                                               
It is  up to  OMB to  approve the final  suggestions made  by the                                                               
Steering Committee  for the Questionnaire.   She recalled  that a                                                               
person from Alaska served on the steering committee.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
4:51:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE CHENAULT  said he was not  suggesting anything was                                                               
wrong with the form, but  it appeared that the steering committee                                                               
was  attempting  to  better  identify   the  Latino  or  Hispanic                                                               
populations versus people from other countries.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  LYNN  imagined  that the  questions  were  likely                                                               
aimed at  identifying trends, noting  that he  did not know.   He                                                               
pointed out  that most of  the census  forms dating back  to 1850                                                               
had  occupation listed.    He said  he was  amazed  that was  not                                                               
listed on the form.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MALDONADO  related  that the  more  robust  demographic  and                                                               
housing  data  is now  compiled  through  the American  Community                                                               
Survey, which  used to be  the long form.   Since 2005,  the U.S.                                                               
Census   Bureau  has   been  collecting   ongoing  data   of  the                                                               
demographics in the U.S.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:53:16 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE LYNN  asked how  the U.S.  Census 2010  will guard                                                               
against  a  census   taker  who  might  submit   extra  forms  to                                                               
deliberately skew the count.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY  explained  the  form in  member's  packets  is  for                                                               
informational purposes.   Each and every official  US Census 2010                                                               
form is bar-coded for a specific  housing unit.  If a response is                                                               
not received,  the housing unit  receives a personal visit.   The                                                               
U.S.  Census  Bureau  also  conducts   internal  checks,  with  a                                                               
standard chain  of command, to  provide quality  control support,                                                               
and the  region also provides  quality control.   Additionally, a                                                               
separate Quality  Assurance Department also conducts  random spot                                                               
checks on  a certain  percentage of  forms for  accuracy.   If an                                                               
error is  discovered, the U.S.  Census Bureau area will  redo the                                                               
area.   Finally, the  U.S. Census Bureau  has a  separate section                                                               
that  confirms a  percentage of  the  work that  is performed  to                                                               
insure accuracy of the census.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
4:55:51 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE LYNN  asked whether any estimate  is available for                                                               
the undercount in the U.S. Census 2000 or the U.S. Census 1990.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO answered that undercounts  have happened.  The U.S.                                                               
Census 2000  used a method,  the Accurate Count  Evaluation (ACE)                                                               
to determine accuracy, but that  process is now called the Census                                                               
Count Measurement (CCM), and is  used to determine any undercount                                                               
or  over count  of  the census.   After  the  final operation  is                                                               
completed, the CCM conducts a  census using a much smaller sample                                                               
size, reviews  responses, variances, and performs  comparisons to                                                               
determine if  an under  or over count  exists.   Historically, in                                                               
Alaska  the  native community  has  under  counted.   The  robust                                                               
American  Indian/Alaska Native  partnership program  and policies                                                               
have been designed to reverse that trend.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:57:51 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO,  in response to Representative  Lynn, related that                                                               
the U.S.  Census 1990 was  underreported by 12 percent,  but that                                                               
dropped to about 3.5 percent in the US Census 2000.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
4:58:20 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  CHENAULT  asked  whether   the  census  form  can                                                               
account for more than 12 people.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY  related that  the instructions  on the  right column,                                                               
has  a block  that instructs  people to  turn the  page over  and                                                               
continue.  The  U.S. Census Bureau will call the  housing unit if                                                               
12 or more people reside at that location.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  CHENAULT remarked  that  Representative Lynn  has                                                               
likely reviewed more census forms that anyone on the committee.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
4:59:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR OLSON asked  for the effect that the U.S.  Census 2010 will                                                               
have on places like New Orleans,  since a number of its residents                                                               
are  now  scattered  around  the  country  due  to  an  emergency                                                               
disaster.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO related 12 regions  in the U.S. comprise the Census                                                               
Bureau and have been grappling with  that issue.  He related that                                                               
the U.S.  Census 2010 will count  people where they live  and not                                                               
where they used  to live.  He  agreed it will be a  big change in                                                               
New Orleans, which will present  unique challenges, including the                                                               
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) housing.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
5:01:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE GRUENBERG  expressed concern that as  baby boomers                                                               
reach retirement age  that the snowbird concept  applies and many                                                               
will  not be  back  in Alaska  by April  1st,  but they  consider                                                               
themselves  to be  Alaskans.   Additionally, the  Alaska National                                                               
Guard members may be counted  where they are stationed instead of                                                               
where they customarily live.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  TANGUAY related  that  the U.S.  Census  2010 enumerates  by                                                               
housing unit.   If a  housing unit  does not respond,  the census                                                               
taker will determine if anyone is living in the housing unit.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
5:04:24 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  GRUENBERG  clarified  that he  is  not  concerned                                                               
about the physical  process, just that more and  more seniors are                                                               
relocating to warmer climates.  He  asked for the reason that the                                                               
questions are  not designed to  determine the location  where the                                                               
person customarily lives.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY explained that part of  this is how the person answers                                                               
the  questionnaire.   A person  can fill  out a  questionnaire in                                                               
Arizona and state that their home is  in Alaska.  It is where the                                                               
person spends most of their  time.  Since it is self-enumeration,                                                               
it is up to the person to indicate their home.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE GRUENBERG  stated that the person  would answer on                                                               
April 1 but can list his/her permanent residence.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY clarified that people  are asked to reference April 1.                                                               
She referred  to the  preface to Question  1, which  read, "Count                                                               
all people,  including babies,  who live and  sleep here  most of                                                               
the time.  Thus, if a person  does not live at that location most                                                               
of  the time,  he/she would  not count  themselves on  that form.                                                               
That person  would respond on  the form  that is mailed  to their                                                               
residence.    She related  a  scenario,  in  which she  lives  in                                                               
Arizona, but  wants to be counted  in Alaska, which is  her home.                                                               
She related  she does not  count herself  on the form,  but would                                                               
return it.   She said the  census taker would contact  a neighbor                                                               
to obtain  the name of the  person who lives at  the non-response                                                               
location.  In that way, the  person will be counted in Alaska, he                                                               
stated.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MALDONADO answered  that the  non-response follow  up (NRFU)                                                               
continues  into  the summer,  during  June  - August,  when  most                                                               
people  will be  back  in Alaska.   He  related  that the  census                                                               
takers will  go back to the  house six times to  attempt to reach                                                               
the person who resides in the home.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
5:08:10 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  GRUENBERG  referred  to  the  person  temporarily                                                               
residing  in the  resort.   He did  not see  a place  in the  ten                                                               
questions on  the form  to allow  the person  to state  that they                                                               
temporarily reside at the resort location.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY answered  that the U.S. Census 2010  is not attempting                                                               
to determine a person's location on April 1.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
5:08:44 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  T.  WILSON  related  that she  has  a  university                                                               
student, but  would not  be counted  at her  home.   Her daughter                                                               
lives at her  home and votes in her district.   She asked whether                                                               
the college student would be counted at her home.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY  answered that when  a student lives in  the dormitory                                                               
or  residence at  the college,  that  he/she is  counted in  that                                                               
state.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  T. WILSON  suggested that  the student  should be                                                               
counted in the district.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY answered that the  place the student lives nine months                                                               
of the year is the location for the census count.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
5:10:01 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  T.  WILSON   expressed  concern  that  university                                                               
students would not be counted in  Alaska.  She asked if she would                                                               
be wrong to count the student in Alaska.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS. HAWLEY answered yes.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE T.  WILSON clarified that the  student in question                                                               
will reside in Alaska for nine months of the year.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MR. MALDONADO  responded that  if the  student resides  in Alaska                                                               
for  nine months  of the  year that  he/she would  be counted  in                                                               
Alaska for the census.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
5:10:51 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNMENT                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
There being no further business before the committee, the House                                                                 
Labor and Commerce Standing Committee meeting was adjourned at                                                                  
5:10 p.m.                                                                                                                       

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
Timeline of the Major 2010 Census Operations_Alaska.pdf HL&C 2/5/2010 3:15:00 PM
Juneau Feb 5 2010 Final.pdf HL&C 2/5/2010 3:15:00 PM
Alaska TEA Areas.pdf HL&C 2/5/2010 3:15:00 PM
Alaska House Presentation 02.04.10.pdf HL&C 2/5/2010 3:15:00 PM
AK Hs L&C Comm 2-5-10.pdf HL&C 2/5/2010 3:15:00 PM