Legislature(2021 - 2022)GRUENBERG 120

04/12/2021 01:00 PM JUDICIARY

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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+ Consideration of Governor's Appointees: TELECONFERENCED
- Alaska Police Standards Council: Joseph White
-- Public Testimony --
<Above Item Removed from Agenda>
*+ HB 116 JUVENILES: JUSTICE,FACILITES,TREATMENT TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Public Testimony --
*+ HB 66 ELECTIONS, VOTING, BALLOTS TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
               HOUSE JUDICIARY STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                             
                         April 12, 2021                                                                                         
                           1:04 p.m.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Representative Matt Claman, Chair                                                                                               
Representative Liz Snyder, Vice Chair                                                                                           
Representative Harriet Drummond                                                                                                 
Representative Jonathan Kreiss-Tomkins                                                                                          
Representative David Eastman                                                                                                    
Representative Christopher Kurka                                                                                                
Representative Sarah Vance                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
All members present                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
OTHER LEGISLATORS PRESENT                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                              
Representative Ivy Spohnholz                                                                                                    
Representative Chris Tuck                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 116                                                                                                              
"An Act  relating to care  of juveniles and to  juvenile justice;                                                               
relating  to employment  of juvenile  probation  officers by  the                                                               
Department of Health and Social  Services; relating to terms used                                                               
in  juvenile justice;  relating to  mandatory reporters  of child                                                               
abuse  or  neglect;  relating  to sexual  assault  in  the  third                                                               
degree;  relating  to  sexual  assault   in  the  fourth  degree;                                                               
repealing  a  requirement  for  administrative  revocation  of  a                                                               
minor's  driver's   license,  permit,  privilege  to   drive,  or                                                               
privilege to  obtain a license  for consumption or  possession of                                                               
alcohol or drugs; and providing for an effective date."                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 66                                                                                                               
"An  Act  relating to  voting,  voter  qualifications, and  voter                                                               
registration;  relating to  poll watchers;  relating to  absentee                                                               
ballots  and  questioned  ballots; relating  to  election  worker                                                               
compensation; and providing for an effective date."                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 116                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: JUVENILES: JUSTICE,FACILITES,TREATMENT                                                                             
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) SPOHNHOLZ                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
02/24/21       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/24/21       (H)       HSS, JUD                                                                                               
04/09/21       (H)       HSS REFERRAL MOVED TO AFTER JUD                                                                        
04/09/21       (H)       BILL REPRINTED                                                                                         
04/12/21       (H)       JUD AT 1:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB  66                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: ELECTIONS, VOTING, BALLOTS                                                                                         
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) TUCK                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
02/18/21       (H)       PREFILE RELEASED 1/15/21                                                                               
02/18/21       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/18/21       (H)       STA, JUD                                                                                               
04/09/21       (H)       STA REFERRAL MOVED TO AFTER JUD                                                                        
04/09/21       (H)       BILL REPRINTED                                                                                         
04/12/21       (H)       JUD AT 1:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE IVY SPOHOHNOLZ                                                                                                   
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  As prime sponsor, provided information and                                                               
answered questions during the hearing on HB 116.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MEGAN HOLLAND, Staff                                                                                                            
Representative Ivy Spohnholz                                                                                                    
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Presented the sectional analysis for HB 116                                                              
on behalf of Representative Spohnholz, prime sponsor.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
TRACEY DOMPELING, Director                                                                                                      
Division of Juvenile Justice                                                                                                    
Department of Health and Social Services                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified and answered questions during the                                                              
hearing on HB 116.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MATT DAVIDSON, Social Service Program Officer                                                                                   
Division of Juvenile Justice                                                                                                    
Department of Health and Social Services                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Answered questions during the hearing on HB
116.                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
NANCY MEADE, General Counsel                                                                                                    
Office of the Administrative Director                                                                                           
Alaska Court System                                                                                                             
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Answered questions during the hearing on HB
116.                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE CHRIS TUCK                                                                                                       
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  As prime sponsor, introduced HB 66.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
PADDY MCGUIRE                                                                                                                   
Harstine Island, Washington                                                                                                     
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified during the hearing on HB 66.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
AMBER MCREYNOLDS, Chief Executive Officer                                                                                       
National Vote at Home Institute                                                                                                 
Denver, Colorado                                                                                                                
POSITION STATEMENT:  Provided invited testimony in support of HB
66.                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
KENDRA KLOSTER, Executive Director                                                                                              
Native Peoples Action Community Fund                                                                                            
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Provided invited testimony in support of HB
66.                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
JOEL HANSON                                                                                                                     
Sitka, Alaska                                                                                                                   
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
TERRI LYONS                                                                                                                     
Wasilla, Alaska                                                                                                                 
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in opposition to HB 66.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
DOUG WOODBY                                                                                                                     
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
LOREN PETERSON, Chairman & President                                                                                            
Azachorok Incorporated                                                                                                          
Anchorage Alaska                                                                                                                
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
CELESTE HODGE GROWDEN,                                                                                                          
President & Chief Executive Officer                                                                                             
Alaska Black Caucus;                                                                                                            
Executive Vice President                                                                                                        
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People                                                                      
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
JESSICA LINDMAN                                                                                                                 
Palmer, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
RICK PHILIPS                                                                                                                    
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
ALEX KOPLIN, Member                                                                                                             
Kenai Peninsula Votes                                                                                                           
Homer, Alaska                                                                                                                   
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
CHARLES MCKEE                                                                                                                   
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in opposition to HB 66.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
CASSIE LAWVER                                                                                                                   
Homer, Alaska                                                                                                                   
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in opposition to HB 66.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
JOHN SONIN                                                                                                                      
Douglas, Alaska                                                                                                                 
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MIKE COONS                                                                                                                      
Palmer, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in opposition to HB 66.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
ANNETTE ALFONSI                                                                                                                 
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
BERT HOUGHTALING                                                                                                                
Big Lake, Alaska                                                                                                                
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in opposition to HB 66.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
NICK MOE                                                                                                                        
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
EVAN ANDERSON, Director of Civic Engagement                                                                                     
Alaska Center Education Fund                                                                                                    
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in support of HB 66.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REBECCA MOORE                                                                                                                   
Homer, Alaska                                                                                                                   
POSITION STATEMENT:  Testified in opposition to HB 66.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
1:04:01 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR MATT  CLAMAN called the House  Judiciary Standing Committee                                                             
meeting to order at 1:04  p.m.  Representatives Drummond, Kreiss-                                                               
Tomkins,  Vance, Snyder  (via  teleconference),  and Claman  were                                                               
present at the call to  order.  Representatives Kurka and Eastman                                                               
arrived as the meeting was in progress.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
         HB 116-JUVENILES: JUSTICE,FACILITES,TREATMENT                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
[Contains discussion of HB 105]                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
1:04:56 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN announced that the  first order of business would be                                                               
HOUSE BILL NO. 116,                                                                                                             
"An Act  relating to care  of juveniles and to  juvenile justice;                                                               
relating  to employment  of juvenile  probation  officers by  the                                                               
Department of Health and Social  Services; relating to terms used                                                               
in  juvenile justice;  relating to  mandatory reporters  of child                                                               
abuse  or  neglect;  relating  to sexual  assault  in  the  third                                                               
degree;  relating  to  sexual  assault   in  the  fourth  degree;                                                               
repealing  a  requirement  for  administrative  revocation  of  a                                                               
minor's  driver's   license,  permit,  privilege  to   drive,  or                                                               
privilege to  obtain a license  for consumption or  possession of                                                               
alcohol or drugs; and providing for an effective date."                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN  recalled to  the committee that  the bill  had been                                                               
previously introduced  during the Thirtieth and  the Thirty-First                                                               
Alaska State Legislatures.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
1:05:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  IVY  SPOHOHNOLZ,  Alaska  State  Legislature,  as                                                               
prime sponsor, explained that HB  116 would accomplish three main                                                               
objectives:  close a  loophole pertaining  to sexual  abuse of  a                                                               
minor;  update  terminology  that   defines  and  references  the                                                               
definition of  juvenile justice facilities and  staff; and codify                                                               
the Division of Juvenile Justice's (DJJ) best practices.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SPOHNHOLZ  paraphrased from the  sponsor statement                                                               
[included  in  the  committee  packet],  which  read  as  follows                                                               
[original punctuation included]:                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     In 2013, Daniel Carey, staff  at a Division of Juvenile                                                                    
     Justice (DJJ) facility, engaged in a sexual                                                                                
     relationship with a 17-year-old  girl he had previously                                                                    
     supervised at work. The State of Alaska                                                                                    
     sought conviction  of Mr. Carey  for sexual abuse  of a                                                                    
     minor. However, the court found that DJJ                                                                                   
     staff  are   not  explicitly  listed  as   being  in  a                                                                    
     "position of authority" under AS 11.41.470(5). Mr.                                                                         
     Carey was acquitted in 2017 due to this finding.                                                                           
     HB  116 closes  this  loophole.  If such  inappropriate                                                                    
     behavior were to occur again with youth in their                                                                           
     custody, DJJ staff could be  prosecuted for the offense                                                                    
     of sexual abuse of a minor.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     In  addition,  HB  116  updates  terminology  in  state                                                                    
     statute  referring to  facilities operated  by DJJ  and                                                                    
     clarifies the  authorities and responsibilities  of DJJ                                                                    
     staff.  HB  116  does   not  substantively  change  DJJ                                                                    
     operations.  The  updated definitions,  clarifications,                                                                    
     and codified best practices will:                                                                                          
          ? provide clarity for law enforcement;                                                                                
          ?  give  the  division  the  authority  needed  to                                                                    
     oversee juvenile cases in court, and;                                                                                      
          ? close a loophole for  sexual abuse of a minor in                                                                    
     the 2nd degree as exhibited by the Carey case in 2017.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     HB  116 enhances  DJJ's ability  to operate  with clear                                                                    
     policies and regulations  and, codifies best practices,                                                                    
     and  strengthens protections  against the  sexual abuse                                                                    
        youth in their custody to ensure safe and secure                                                                        
     treatment of juveniles in Alaska.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
1:07:23 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SPOHNHOLZ  explained  that HB  116  would  update                                                               
language  that describes  the  division's  facilities, which,  in                                                               
current statute, has been determined  to be outdated, inaccurate,                                                               
or obsolete.   She added that the passage of  HB 116 would result                                                               
in codification  of best practices  within the division  that had                                                               
been determined  not to  reflect the  authority nor  the standard                                                               
operations of the division.  She  explained that HB 116 would add                                                               
division staff  and probation officers  to the list  of mandatory                                                               
reporters  of  child  abuse  and   neglect,  would  clarify  that                                                               
probation  officers  would have  the  authority  to file  amended                                                               
petitions on behalf of youth.   She added that the bill would add                                                               
language  to  permit  DJJ to  disclose  confidential  information                                                               
related to an offense.  She  offered that HB 116 would permit the                                                               
division to better complete its mission.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:08:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MEGAN HOLLAND, Staff, Representative  Ivy Spohnholz, Alaska State                                                               
Legislature,  on   behalf  of  Representative   Spohnholz,  prime                                                               
sponsor  of  HB  116,  directed  attention  to  the  presentation                                                               
included  in the  committee packet  entitled  "HB 116  PowerPoint                                                               
Presentation 4.12.2021".   She explained that slide  2 listed the                                                               
definitions  in Section  6 of  the bill  that would  clarify that                                                               
division staff  are in  a position  of authority  of a  minor and                                                               
referred  to the  acquittal  that was  referenced  by the  bill's                                                               
sponsor.  She  explained that slides 3 [and 4]  illustrate a list                                                               
of  definitions  that  would  be changed  or  repealed  with  the                                                               
passage  of   HB  116,  and  [slide   5]  illustrates  additional                                                               
definitions that would  be amended by HB 116.   She explained the                                                               
reason for  the change of  definition from "youth  counselors" to                                                               
"juvenile  probation officers"  was because  the former  position                                                               
title had not been  in use since 2003.  She  added that Section 3                                                               
of the  bill would repeal  the definition for  juvenile probation                                                               
officers and stated that, currently,  it inaccurately defines the                                                               
position  and  limits  the  officers to  only  those  in  custody                                                               
between the ages of  18 and 19.  She added  that a new definition                                                               
in  Section  26 would  expand  the  age  range  up to  21  years,                                                               
reflecting current practices.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
1:11:45 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  HOLLAND   directed  attention  back   to  slide  4   in  the                                                               
presentation  which illustrated  the repeal  of several  outdated                                                               
definitions  as   listed  for  added  accuracy   and  consistency                                                               
throughout  the statute.    She directed  attention  to slide  5,                                                               
highlighting the  change in  Section 30  of HB  116 to  amend the                                                               
definition  of "minor"  to  more accurately  reflect  the age  of                                                               
individuals in  custody of the  division that may exceed  the age                                                               
of 18.  She explained  that the definition of "juvenile detention                                                               
facility" is  currently limiting a facility  to separate quarters                                                               
in a  city jail, and that  some communities do not  have adequate                                                               
sight and  sound separation of  facilities as  federally required                                                               
between adult and youth detention areas.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:13:45 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. HOLLAND explained that the  new definitions depicted on slide                                                               
6 were a change from  "institutions" to "facilities" and that the                                                               
division  had  advocated to  the  change  of definition  to  more                                                               
accurately reflect the facilities which  they operate.  She noted                                                               
that Section  31 of the  bill would  create a new  definition for                                                               
"Temporary  Secure  Juvenile  Holding Area"  to  more  accurately                                                               
reflect  various  communities  that   do  not  maintain  adequate                                                               
juvenile facilities.   She  highlighted Section  26 of  the bill,                                                               
which  would  create a  new  definition  for "juvenile  probation                                                               
officers"  for which  one does  not  currently exist.   She  drew                                                               
attention  to slide  7, which  depicts the  alignment of  statute                                                               
with the  best practices within  the division.  She  said Section                                                               
5clarifies that employees if  juvenile treatment institutions and                                                               
juvenile probation officers qualify  as legal guardians for those                                                               
youth committed into  their custody.  She added  that Sections 16                                                               
and 18 would provide officers  with authority to file amended and                                                               
supplemental petitions.  She noted  that Sections 24 and 25 would                                                               
clarify  that the  authority to  arrest and  detain minors  would                                                               
rest with juvenile, not adult, probation officers.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
1:16:38 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. HOLLAND  referenced slide 8,  which illustrated  that Section                                                               
27 would  add "secure residential psychiatric  treatment centers"                                                               
to  the  list  of  facilities  from which,  when  a  juvenile  is                                                               
released,  victims   would  receive  notification,   adding  that                                                               
current statute limits the notification  requirements to only the                                                               
release of  those in DJJ facilities.   She noted that  Section 28                                                               
would  correct language  authorizing the  department to  disclose                                                               
confidential  information in  cases that  have been  adjudicated.                                                               
She noted that Section 40  would add juvenile probation officers,                                                               
DJJ office  staff, and staff  of juvenile facilities to  the list                                                               
of mandatory  reporters of  child abuse or  neglect.   Section 41                                                               
would repeal revocation of juvenile  driver licenses for offenses                                                               
involving a controlled substance  that were handled informally by                                                               
the  division; the  proposed legislation  would not  provide that                                                               
youth  driver licenses  cannot be  revoked, rather,  the division                                                               
would address the matters in the district courts.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
1:18:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  HOLLAND drew  attention  to slide  9,  which summarized  the                                                               
three  key changes  that would  occur under  HB 116:   closing  a                                                               
loophole  regarding the  sexual abuse  of minors;  updating terms                                                               
and  definitions  pertaining to  DJJ  facilities  and staff;  and                                                               
codifying  best practices  to improve  the division's  ability to                                                               
complete its mission.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
1:18:58 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TRACEY  DOMPELING,   Director,  Division  of   Juvenile  Justice,                                                               
Department  of Health  and Social  Services, stated  that HB  116                                                               
would  address  long  identified  and  newly  emerging  statutory                                                               
issues related to  juvenile justice.  She stated that  HB 116 had                                                               
been submitted  at the request  of the division.   She reiterated                                                               
that previous versions  of the bill had been submitted  and it is                                                               
similar  in  content to  House  Bill  133,  which passed  out  of                                                               
committee during the Thirty-First  Alaska State Legislature.  She                                                               
explained  that the  statutes had  been drafted  approximately 20                                                               
years prior,  when the  division had been  created as  a separate                                                               
division within the department.   She offered that, while most of                                                               
the  bill contains  conforming language,  the definitions  have a                                                               
direct impact  on the operations  of the division and  the duties                                                               
and authority of its staff.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
1:21:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  CLAMAN stated  that during  a hearing  on HB  105, matters                                                               
related  to the  sight  and sound  [separation] requirements  had                                                               
been  discussed,  and  he  asked  whether  there  exists  overlap                                                               
between  the two  proposed bills,  and how  the committee  should                                                               
proceed should any overlap exist.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
1:22:04 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MATT  DAVIDSON,  Social  Service  Program  Officer,  Division  of                                                               
Juvenile  Justice,  Department  of Health  and  Social  Services,                                                               
confirmed that  there exists overlap  in a couple of  Sections in                                                               
both bills, but that the language  is not in conflict.  He stated                                                               
that [HB  116] was  conceived in response  to changes  in federal                                                               
law pertaining  to holding minors in  custody.  He added  that HB
105 did not mirror the  changes proposed in HB 116 intentionally.                                                               
He suggested  that the bills  were not in conflict;  however, the                                                               
division would monitor  the progression of both  bills and attend                                                               
to any  issues that may  arise and  work with the  legislature in                                                               
order to  align both  bills.   He added  that the  term "juvenile                                                               
detention home" would remain in statute should HB 105 pass.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
1:23:31 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN asked  whether the provisions in HB  105 appeared in                                                               
HB 116.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
1:23:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVIDSON answered that the changes  proposed in HB 116 do not                                                               
appear in HB  105.  He added that HB  105 corrects alignment with                                                               
federal laws.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
1:24:26 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  CLAMAN  stated his  understanding  to  be that  the  bills                                                               
pertained  to one  another topically  but that  both bills  would                                                               
effect separate, but related, outcomes.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
1:24:37 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVIDSON stated his agreement with Chair Claman's statement.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
1:25:02 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN referred to Section  41 pertaining to driver license                                                               
revocation  involving substance  abuse charges  delegated by  the                                                               
district  courts,  and asked  whether  it  was the  intention  to                                                               
direct  these  cases  to district  court,  rather  than  superior                                                               
court.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
1:25:57 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.   DAVIDSON   offered   background  information   related   to                                                               
misconduct  involving  controlled  substances  among  minors  and                                                               
effects of  past legislation on  the ability for DJJ  to advocate                                                               
for revocation of a minor's driver license.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
1:28:03 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN  clarified that his  question pertained more  to the                                                               
jurisdiction of  juvenile delinquents between superior  court and                                                               
district  court.   He asked  how juvenile  delinquency is  within                                                               
district court jurisdiction now,  and what effect on jurisdiction                                                               
HB 116 would have on defendants under the age of 18, if passed.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
1:28:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVIDSON answered that drug  offenses would not be within the                                                               
jurisdiction  of district  court  for minors,  but that  underage                                                               
drinking  offenses  were  currently  under  the  jurisdiction  of                                                               
district  court.   He  added  that  the  district court  has  the                                                               
privilege  of  requesting  revocation of  driver  licenses  under                                                               
another title.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
1:29:35 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  CLAMAN  asked  whether  juveniles  were  treated  as  non-                                                               
juveniles in  the cases of  underage drinking, in that  they were                                                               
identified in [district] court [records].                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
1:29:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVIDSON stated  that in 2016, there  passed legislation that                                                               
made those cases  not available in CourtView.   He referred Chair                                                               
Claman to  Ms. Meade  to provide  additional information  on that                                                               
legislation.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
1:30:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN asked  Ms. Meade to offer  clarification on juvenile                                                               
jurisdiction pertinent to cases of underage drinking.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
1:30:23 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
NANCY  MEADE,  General  Counsel,  Office  of  the  Administrative                                                               
Director,  Alaska  Court  System,  stated that  under  Title  47,                                                               
juveniles  charged with  minor  consuming are  not  treated as  a                                                               
juvenile, they  are treated as an  adult.  She drew  a comparison                                                               
to  the offense  as  akin  to a  traffic  ticket,  which goes  to                                                               
district court, not superior court.   She said the district court                                                               
does not revoke  driver licenses for minor  consuming; but rather                                                               
the defendant, if  convicted, is imposed with a fine.   She added                                                               
that the  court may  revoke driver licenses  for possession  of a                                                               
controlled  substance  or the  illegal  use  or possession  of  a                                                               
firearm.   She  confirmed the  chairman's earlier  statement that                                                               
some of  those charges  would be within  the jurisdiction  of the                                                               
superior court as correct.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
1:31:49 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  CLAMAN  asked  whether  the charges  of  possession  of  a                                                               
controlled  substance  or the  illegal  possession  or use  of  a                                                               
firearm could be brought in district court.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
1:32:16 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. MEADE  stated her belief that  those charges would be  in the                                                               
jurisdiction of superior court, not district court.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
1:32:26 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  CLAMAN asked  whether HB  116 would  change what  types of                                                               
charges could be brought in juvenile court.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
1:32:47 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. MEADE offered her understanding  that the proposed bill would                                                               
not  affect   jurisdiction  of  charges  related   to  controlled                                                               
substances for minors.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
1:33:02 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN  asked whether  the bill,  if passed,  would pertain                                                               
only to minor consumption of alcohol.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
1:33:19 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVIDSON  stated that HB  116 would  not make any  changes to                                                               
jurisdiction.   He offered  that the  referral of  any controlled                                                               
substance  or weapons  charges to  the division  would be  in the                                                               
jurisdiction of  superior court,  and that  HB 116  would address                                                               
the  matter of  driver's  license revocation  in cases  involving                                                               
minor consumption.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
1:34:18 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE EASTMAN,  referring to  Sections 24 and  25, asked                                                               
to  what  extent  HB  116  would change  the  ability  for  adult                                                               
probation officers to aid in the arrest of minors.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
1:34:46 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DOMPELING  answered  that Department  of  Corrections  adult                                                               
probation  officers do  not have  the authority  to intervene  on                                                               
juvenile arrests  that have  been referred  to the  Department of                                                               
Health and Social Services, Division of Juvenile Justice.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
1:35:14 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  EASTMAN  asked  for confirmation  that  the  bill                                                               
would not  have any  impact on the  authority of  adult probation                                                               
officers.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
1:35:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. DOMPLING confirmed this as correct.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
1:35:31 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE EASTMAN referred  to Section 28 and  asked who has                                                               
access to the confidential information  currently in statute, and                                                               
how the passage of HB 116 would change that.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
1:36:04 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVIDSON cited the existing  statute 47.12.135(c) and pointed                                                               
out a  lack of  alignment with  Sections (a), (b),  and (c).   He                                                               
offered that  the proposed language  would align the  language to                                                               
the timing of  when information could be released  to the public;                                                               
specifically,  the information  can  be  publicly released  after                                                               
adjudication.   He added that  the proposed language  would allow                                                               
for the matter that was  adjudicated - the defendant's conviction                                                               
-  to be  released  to the  public, not  the  original charge  or                                                               
allegations filed in the first petition.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:37:55 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  EASTMAN  asked  to  whom the  division  would  be                                                               
authorized to release information  prior to adjudication with the                                                               
passage of HB 116.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
1:38:17 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.   DOMPELING  stated   that  the   bill  would   provide  that                                                               
information  only  be  released  to an  inquiring  entity  for  a                                                               
specific juvenile after adjudication.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
1:39:08 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  EASTMAN offered  a  scenario wherein  a child  is                                                               
alleged  to have  committed an  offense, and  he asked  whether a                                                               
parent or guardian would be  allowed access to the information of                                                               
the allegations deemed confidential.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
1:39:36 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DOMPELING  explained  that,  in  the  example  described  by                                                               
Representative Eastman, a parent or  guardian would be a party to                                                               
the   hearing  and   would  have   access,  but   not  individual                                                               
representation,  at the  actions and  hearings pertaining  to the                                                               
allegations.   She  added that  a parent  or guardian  would have                                                               
access to confidential information such as probable cause.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
1:40:50 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. HOLLAND added  that HB 116 would not  change what information                                                               
would or  will be disclosed;  rather, it would clarify  who could                                                               
receive such information.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
1:41:27 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  EASTMAN  asked whether  confidential  information                                                               
would be  allowed to be  released to anyone  who is not  party to                                                               
such charges, prior to adjudication.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
1:42:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVIDSON explained  that those who are party to  a case, such                                                               
as  the  victim, parents,  and  attorneys,  will have  access  to                                                               
confidential  information throughout  the  case.   He added  that                                                               
there  exist   provisions  that  allow  the   division  to  share                                                               
confidential   information  with   entities  such   as  insurance                                                               
companies  and  other  law enforcement  agencies  for  continuing                                                               
investigations.   He  noted  that juveniles  in  the system  will                                                               
often  receive referrals  for services  prior  to or  in lieu  of                                                               
adjudication,  and that  some confidential  information could  be                                                               
shared with service  agencies involved with the  juvenile as part                                                               
of his/her delinquency proceeding.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
1:43:36 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  VANCE  stated that  HB  105  was currently  under                                                               
consideration by  the House Health  and Social  Services Standing                                                               
Committee and  encouraged that  any overlapping  language between                                                               
HB  105 and  HB  116 be  taken into  consideration  early in  the                                                               
process for consistency and conformity.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
1:44:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN  explained that the  order of referral of  the bills                                                               
had resulted  in the House  Judiciary Standing  Committee hearing                                                               
HB 105  prior to  that of  the House  Health and  Social Services                                                               
Standing Committee.   He suggested that the  committee compare HB
105 and  HB 116 to confirm  the division staff's claims  that the                                                               
language in both bills is not in conflict.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
1:45:21 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE VANCE  opined that  the sponsor's intent  would be                                                               
to  create  consistency  among  definitions  and  encouraged  the                                                               
committee  to   scrutinize  each  bill  for   consistency.    She                                                               
expressed her  concern of the bill  having taken so long  to gain                                                               
passage, and  she asked  the sponsor to  provide some  history on                                                               
the bill.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
1:46:38 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SPOHNHOLZ  expressed  her belief  that  the  bill                                                               
would have  passed in the  prior legislative session.   She added                                                               
that a  companion bill had  been taken into consideration  by the                                                               
Senate.     She  offered  that  there   exist  other  legislative                                                               
priorities  that may  take precedence,  and that  the passage  of                                                               
this bill is subject to those  priorities.  She added that HB 116                                                               
is a long and complex bill.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
1:47:42 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE EASTMAN  referred to  Section 30 of  the sectional                                                               
analysis  [included  in  the   committee  packet]  regarding  the                                                               
definition of  a minor.  He  asked how broad in  scope the change                                                               
in definition of  a minor would be  under HB  116  and what other                                                               
statutes the change of definition might affect.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
1:48:37 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. DOMPELING  responded by offering some  historical background.                                                               
She said  previously if a minor  committed a crime and  the crime                                                               
was  not discovered  until after  the individual  turned 18,  the                                                               
division did not  have jurisdiction.  There occurred  a change in                                                               
statute  to  enable  jurisdiction  to petition  an  individual  -                                                               
especially in  serious cases such as  those involving restitution                                                               
- in such  cases where the individual  is over the age  of 18 and                                                               
the offense  was committed prior to  his/her eighteenth birthday.                                                               
She  expressed her  opinion  that  under HB  116,  the change  of                                                               
definition  would  apply  only  to  the  specific  chapter  under                                                               
statute.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:50:18 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  EASTMAN  expressed   his  understanding  that  an                                                               
individual under the age of 18  is traditionally referred to as a                                                               
minor and asked  whether anyone had evaluated  the impacts within                                                               
the  chapter that  a change  to the  definition of  "minor" would                                                               
bring [should HB 116 pass].                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
1:51:04 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  DAVIDSON stated  that the  change of  definition would  be a                                                               
change to  the delinquency statute.   He said he could  not speak                                                               
to the  impacts that a change  of definition would have  on other                                                               
statutes  but  expressed  that  it  was  not  intended  that  the                                                               
definitions of other statutes would be impacted.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
1:53:11 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  CLAMAN offered  that,  due  to the  language  in the  bill                                                               
changing the definition in Title  4, chapter 12, which deals with                                                               
delinquent   minors,  the   change  would   only  apply   to  the                                                               
definitions contained therein.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
1:53:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SPOHNHOLZ,  in response to  Representative Vance's                                                               
earlier  question  regarding  a  previous version  of  the  bill,                                                               
clarified that  it had  been passed  by the  House and,  prior to                                                               
adjournment,  the bill  had  been  heard and  passed  out of  the                                                               
Senate  Health and  Social Services  Standing  Committee and  had                                                               
been referred to Senate Judiciary  Standing Committee as the last                                                               
committee of referral.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
1:54:23 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. DAVIDSON  offered to provide  to the committee  a comparative                                                               
analysis between HB 116 and HB 105.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
1:55:30 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SNYDER,  as  co-chair  of the  House  Health  and                                                               
Social Services Standing Committee  requested that the division's                                                               
comparative  analysis  be  provided  to that  committee  for  its                                                               
consideration of HB 105.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:55:49 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  CLAMAN  opened   public  testimony  on  HB   116.    After                                                               
ascertaining  that there  was no  one who  wished to  testify, he                                                               
closed public testimony.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
1:56:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN announced that HB 116 was held over.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
               HB  66-ELECTIONS, VOTING, BALLOTS                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
[Contains discussion of SB 39]                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
1:56:24 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN announced that the  final order of business would be                                                               
HOUSE BILL NO. 66,                                                                                                              
"An  Act  relating to  voting,  voter  qualifications, and  voter                                                               
registration;  relating to  poll watchers;  relating to  absentee                                                               
ballots  and  questioned  ballots; relating  to  election  worker                                                               
compensation; and providing for an effective date."                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  CLAMAN recalled  that, during  the Thirtieth  Alaska State                                                               
Legislature, the  House Judiciary  Standing Committee had  held a                                                               
hearing on  a previous version  of HB 66  in April 2017,  and the                                                               
bill had been moved from committee.   He added that items such as                                                               
eliminating  the witness  requirement for  absentee ballots,  pay                                                               
increases for workers, and "curing"  provisions may not have been                                                               
part of the previous version of the bill.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
1:57:18 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  CHRIS TUCK,  Alaska State  Legislature, as  prime                                                               
sponsor, introduced HB 66.   Representative Tuck stated that 2020                                                               
was a year  that exemplified safe and secure  elections in Alaska                                                               
and the  other 49 states.   He stated  that it had  been reported                                                               
that the  2020 election was one  of the most secure  elections in                                                               
history.   He referenced  reports made by  the United  States law                                                               
enforcement  and  intelligence  communities  concluding  that  no                                                               
evidence of  significant voter  fraud had occurred.   He  cited a                                                               
publication by the Brookings  Institute, entitled "It's Official-                                                               
The Election Was  Secure."  He stated that in  the last election,                                                               
more  votes than  ever had  been cast:   361,000  out of  599,687                                                               
eligible Alaskan voters cast a  ballot.  He suggested that voters                                                               
were allowed  to vote  by mail  safely and  conveniently, despite                                                               
the pandemic.   He stated that  there were two primary  goals for                                                               
the passage of HB  66; the first would be to  allow voters to opt                                                               
to vote  by mail in perpetuity  until an election is  missed, and                                                               
the  second would  be to  expand access  to voting  and modernize                                                               
elections by  authorizing same-day  voter registration  and allow                                                               
for notification  and opportunity to cure  any ballot's technical                                                               
issues found.   He added that  the bill would allow  for absentee                                                               
ballots to be  counted as they are received  rather than awaiting                                                               
the polls closing to begin counting.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
1:59:59 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  TUCK stated  that the  higher volume  of absentee                                                               
voting had had  a more significant impact on  the recent election                                                               
than on  prior elections.   He  explained that  HB 66  also would                                                               
seek  to  clarify  terminology and  eliminate  confusion  between                                                               
early  voting  and  in-person  absentee  voting  among  different                                                               
locations in the state.  Further,  the bill would aid in creating                                                               
consistent polling locations, provide  that candidates and groups                                                               
sponsoring ballot initiatives be  allowed observers at the polls,                                                               
and   provide    for   paid   postage   on    absentee   ballots.                                                               
Representative Tuck  added that,  currently, a voter  may request                                                               
to vote absentee in an election,  and that HB 66 would provide an                                                               
option to  voters to choose  to vote  by absentee ballot  for all                                                               
future elections.   He suggested that the passage of  HB 66 would                                                               
help  to create  a  more equitable  accessible  voting system  by                                                               
putting voters first and ensuring  that every Alaskan is entitled                                                               
to one vote.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
2:03:44 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  CLAMAN announced  that the  committee  would hear  invited                                                               
testimony.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:04:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
PADDY  MCGUIRE offered  a  brief history  of  his background  and                                                               
employment.  He  endorsed HB 66 as a significant  step forward in                                                               
correcting issues in Alaska law  that would make voting from home                                                               
easier and more  accessible.  He opined that,  following the 2020                                                               
election, public  sentiment has risen  in favor of being  able to                                                               
vote from home.  He offered  his opinion based on experience that                                                               
the  provisions   of  HB  66   have  been   successfully  adopted                                                               
elsewhere.   He  stated that  allowing voters  to choose  to vote                                                               
absentee  for  future  elections   would  reduce  the  burden  on                                                               
election  administrators when  compared  to administering  repeat                                                               
requests  for absentee  voting.   He  stated that,  in 1998,  the                                                               
State of  Oregon had adopted vote  by mail, and it  followed that                                                               
70 percent of  voters chose to become  permanent absentee voters.                                                               
He added that  the State of Washington  introduced same-day voter                                                               
registration and, while not  without some technical difficulties,                                                               
voters were  able to cast  a ballot  rather than be  turned away.                                                               
He added that  postage and cure remedies adopted by  the State of                                                               
Washington had been popular among  voters, and increased security                                                               
by detecting fraud by means of the cure process.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
2:07:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MCGUIRE  imparted  that  the   State  of  Washington  begins                                                               
tallying ballots as  soon as they are received  and has penalties                                                               
in place to prohibit revealing results  early.  He added that pay                                                               
to election  workers in his  jurisdiction ranges from  $15-18 per                                                               
hour  and expressed  his surprise  that  Alaska election  workers                                                               
were not paid at or above  the same rate and expressed his belief                                                               
that  the  State  of  Washington's   higher  wage  had  increased                                                               
employee retention.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
2:09:01 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
AMBER MCREYNOLDS,  Chief Executive  Officer of the  National Vote                                                               
at Home  Institute, described the  institute as a  national, non-                                                               
partisan, non-profit organization that  works on expanding access                                                               
to vote at home and on  improving elections systems overall.  She                                                               
stated   that    the   organization's   values    are   fairness,                                                               
accessibility,  security, transparency,  equity, and  reliability                                                               
in  elections systems.    She endorsed  HB 66  on  behalf of  the                                                               
organization.    She  recalled  her  experience  as  an  election                                                               
official in  the State of Colorado,  where vote by mail  had been                                                               
expanded and  stated that,  over time, more  voters chose  to use                                                               
the vote  by mail option, in  record numbers.  She  added that HB
66  would  expand voter  choice  to  either  vote in  advance  of                                                               
election day or on election day.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
2:12:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
KENDRA KLOSTER,  Executive Director, Native Peoples  Action (NPA)                                                               
and  Native Peoples  Action Community  Fund (NPACF)  testified in                                                               
support  of   HB  66.     She  explained  that  the   two  sister                                                               
organizations  that  she  represents are  indigenous,  non-profit                                                               
organizations focused on protecting  traditional [Native] ways of                                                               
life by providing  Alaska Native communities with a  voice at all                                                               
levels  of policymaking.   She  explained that  her advocacy  for                                                               
voting reform has evolved as  more is learned about voting issues                                                               
in Alaska.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MS.  KLOSTER  said  that  NPACF had  hired  fifteen  rural  voter                                                               
engagement specialists during the 2020  election and had sent out                                                               
more  than 57,000  absentee voting  applications  in response  to                                                               
community concerns  voiced around  COVID-19.  She  shared NPACF's                                                               
summation of voter concerns that  had been identified as barriers                                                               
to  voting including  insufficient ice  on the  river prohibiting                                                               
travel to polls, unfulfilled online  requests to receive absentee                                                               
ballots,  communities  in  lockdown  due to  COVID-19,  and  post                                                               
office closures and  voters' inability to obtain  postage to vote                                                               
absentee.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
2:15:40 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. KLOSTER spoke in favor of  ballot curing.  She encouraged the                                                               
committee to  seek additional solutions to  eliminate barriers to                                                               
voting, and she expressed her opinion  that HB 66 is a good start                                                               
to addressing  some of the  barriers.  She  encouraged additional                                                               
outreach  and voter  education  efforts,  including diversity  in                                                               
languages for election education efforts.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
2:18:17 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE KURKA  referred to page 1,  line 11, of HB  66 and                                                               
asked whether the bill would  allow for adequate time and process                                                               
to verify citizenship [of voters seeking registration].                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
2:19:37 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TUCK  answered that the Alaska  State Constitution                                                               
prescribes a  30-day residency requirement  that HB 66  would not                                                               
circumvent.    He  exemplified  situations such  as  in  which  a                                                               
resident  changed  districts  or  in which  a  voter  sought  new                                                               
registration, he/she  would be  subject to  a question  ballot, a                                                               
special  needs  ballot, or  an  in-person  absentee ballot.    He                                                               
explained  that all  three ballot  types are  examined for  voter                                                               
eligibility  by the  same process.    He noted  that language  in                                                               
Section 12, [on page 6], line 25  through page 7, line 2 would be                                                               
eliminated, but the  language is included in Section 13  on how a                                                               
person  voting  by means  of  a  question ballot,  special  needs                                                               
ballot, or an in-person absentee ballot would be qualified.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
2:21:02 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE KURKA referred to  proposed language in Section 2,                                                               
on page 2, line 30, through page 3, line 3, which read:                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     (14)   an  acknowledgment   of  understanding   by  the                                                                    
     applicant that,  if the  applicant has  previously been                                                                    
     registered  to   vote  in  another   jurisdiction,  the                                                                    
     director  will notify  the chief  elections officer  of                                                                    
     that jurisdiction that the  applicant has registered to                                                                    
     vote  in  Alaska  and  request  the  applicant's  voter                                                                    
     registration be canceled in that jurisdiction.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KURKA  asked, should  the  voter  not inform  the                                                               
director,  how the  director  would  be informed  as  to whom  to                                                               
contact in another state.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
2:21:57 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  TUCK   explained  that  the  state   has  a  paid                                                               
partnership  with the  Election  Registration Information  Center                                                               
(ERIC) that allows the Division  of Elections to verify residency                                                               
in  a  manner  similar  to  the  methodology  that  is  used  for                                                               
residents to be verified to obtain a REAL ID.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
2:23:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KURKA  asked  whether  the  verification  process                                                               
would be completed within the 30-day required timeframe.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  TUCK deferred  to  the Division  of Elections  to                                                               
confirm  but  offered  that the  verification  process  would  be                                                               
allowed up to the deadline of certification of the election.                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
2:24:18 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN opened public testimony on HB 66.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
2:25:11 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JOEL HANSON  testified in support  of HB 66.   He stated  that he                                                               
had since retired from commercial  fishing and had voted absentee                                                               
or  by mail  for many  years.   He  stated his  support of  prior                                                               
legislation that  associated the  Alaska permanent  fund dividend                                                               
(PFD)  application   process  with   an  opt-out   provision  for                                                               
automatic  voter  registration.   He  claimed  that HB  66  would                                                               
retain the opt-out  provision and stated that SB  39 would change                                                               
the voter registration via PFD  application to an opt-in process.                                                               
He  cautioned that  voter  turnout  could diminish  significantly                                                               
should SB  39 pass unless HB  66 should pass and  allow for same-                                                               
day  voter registration  at the  polls.   He stated  that he  had                                                               
observed public  testimony regarding  allegations of  voter fraud                                                               
and suspicious activity pertaining to  the 2020 election and said                                                               
that  none of  the allegations  had convinced  him of  widespread                                                               
voter fraud.  He added  that most suspicious activity reported in                                                               
testimony had been resolved by  voters themselves choosing not to                                                               
participate in fraudulent activity.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
2:27:40 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TERRI LYONS,  testified in  opposition to HB  66.   She specified                                                               
her opposition  to electronic signatures  and early voting.   She                                                               
emphasized  her  opposition  to eliminating  witness  signatures.                                                               
She  also  stated  her  opposition to  proposed  pay  raises  for                                                               
election  officials.   She suggested  that the  passage of  HB 66                                                               
would  result in  the  state becoming  subject  to extreme  voter                                                               
fraud.   She stated that  she and  her late husband  had received                                                               
absentee ballots  in the  mail, though  no such  absentee ballots                                                               
had been requested by them.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
2:29:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
DOUG WOODBY  testified in support of  HB 66.  He  stated that the                                                               
passage  of HB  66 would  expand voter  access, modernize  Alaska                                                               
elections, make it  more convenient to vote  before election day,                                                               
make  it  easier   to  vote  on  election  day.     The  proposed                                                               
legislation would require  the Division of Elections  to inform a                                                               
voter when  an absentee  ballot has  an error  and is  subject to                                                               
rejection and provide for a voter to be able to cure mistakes.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
2:30:19 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LOREN  PETERSON, Chairman  &  President, Azachorok  Incorporated,                                                               
testified  in support  of HB  66.   He  explained that  Azachorok                                                               
Incorporated  is a  corporation  headquartered  in Anchorage  and                                                               
serves  shareholders  in  Western  Alaska,  including  the  Lower                                                               
Yukon.     He   suggested   that  the   region  had   experienced                                                               
disenfranchisement including  in elections.  He  stated the board                                                               
of directors of the corporation  unanimously resolved support for                                                               
ballot curing.   He stated that  he had been an  active voter, as                                                               
were his parents.  He stated  that his signature had changed over                                                               
time  and absentee  ballots  should allow  for  a curing  process                                                               
should  signatures  not  match.     He  requested  the  committee                                                               
consider allowing for  a curing process for mail-in  ballots.  He                                                               
further suggested that voter turnout  would increase should HB 66                                                               
pass.                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
2:33:23 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CELESTE  HODGE  GROWDEN,  President &  Chief  Executive  Officer,                                                               
Alaska   Black  Caucus;   Executive   Vice  President,   National                                                               
Association for the Advancement  of Colored People, described the                                                               
Alaska  Black   Caucus  as   a  non-partisan   organization  that                                                               
advocates for  the lives of  black and  other people of  color in                                                               
Alaska  in  the  areas  of   health,  education,  economics,  and                                                               
justice.   She  suggested that  in Alaska  and other  states some                                                               
voter suppression  bills had  been introduced  based on  fear and                                                               
unsubstantiated  rhetoric   that  erode   voting  rights.     She                                                               
suggested that HB 66 would enable  every voter to be heard by way                                                               
of their  ballot.  She emphasized  that vote by mail  would allow                                                               
more  voters to  participate  in elections  despite personal  and                                                               
economic  barriers to  voting.   She suggested  that HB  66 would                                                               
make voting more  accessible and more secure.   She stated fierce                                                               
opposition  to  discriminatory   practices  and  described  prior                                                               
discriminatory practices  that made it more  difficult for people                                                               
of color to vote.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
2:36:24 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JESSICA LINDMAN testified  in support of HB 66.   She stated that                                                               
she  had  been   a  resident  of  Oregon  and   there  had  voted                                                               
exclusively by  mail.   She stated  her understanding  that there                                                               
had not been any evidence of  widespread voter fraud.  She stated                                                               
that  the State  of Oregon  also  had permitted  a ballot  curing                                                               
process and expressed  her dismay at learning that  Alaska had no                                                               
such process.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
2:37:36 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
RICK PHILIPS  testified in support of  HB 66.  He  stated that he                                                               
would support  any bill that  would make it  easier to vote.   He                                                               
read  from the  Constitution of  the United  States, as  follows:                                                               
"The right of citizens of the  United States to vote shall not be                                                               
denied  or abridged  by  the United  States or  by  any State  on                                                               
account of race, color, or  previous condition of servitude."  He                                                               
suggested that the right to vote should be assigned at birth.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
2:38:58 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ALEX KOPLIN, Member, Kenai Peninsula  Votes, testified in support                                                               
of HB  66.   He complimented  the Division  of Elections  and its                                                               
staff for their  work on the 2020 election.   He spoke in support                                                               
of  ballot  curing,  prepaid  postage  on  absentee  and  mail-in                                                               
ballots, the  elimination of  the witness  signature requirement,                                                               
and the option for voters  to opt for permanent absentee ballots.                                                               
He claimed  that SB 39 had  not been subject to  public testimony                                                               
to date.  He encouraged bipartisan support of HB 66.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
2:41:38 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHARLES MCKEE testified  in opposition to HB 66.   He stated that                                                               
he had provided testimony in opposition to SB 39.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
2:43:27 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CASSIE LAWVER testified in opposition to HB 66.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
2:43:56 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JOHN SONIN  testified in support  of HB  66.  He  encouraged free                                                               
and fair  elections and making it  easier to vote.   He suggested                                                               
that HB 66 was perfect and urged the committee to pass it.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:46:48 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MIKE  COONS testified  in  opposition  to HB  66  and stated  his                                                               
support   of  SB   39.     He  suggested   that  same-day   voter                                                               
registration,   ballot  curing,   and  eliminating   the  witness                                                               
signature requirement  render the  election system open  to voter                                                               
fraud.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
2:49:39 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ANNETTE ALFONSI  testified in  support of  HB 66.   She  shared a                                                               
personal story of her disability  and her resulting difficulty in                                                               
voting  in  previous  elections.     She  emphatically  supported                                                               
provisions  of  the bill  that  would  aid disabled  citizens  in                                                               
voting.    She  suggested  that   ballot  curing  for  mismatched                                                               
signatures would be a fraud prevention measure.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
2:51:56 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
BERT HOUGHTALING testified in opposition  to HB 66.  He suggested                                                               
that the  passage of  HB 66 would  weaken elections  and increase                                                               
the  potential for  voter fraud.    He opined  that the  judicial                                                               
system  had subverted  a  free and  fair election  in  2020.   He                                                               
recommended that the  committee consider revising HB  66 to align                                                               
with SB 39.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
2:54:28 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
NICK  MOE testified  in  support of  HB 66.    He suggested  that                                                               
ballot curing had been long  overdue and suggested that in excess                                                               
of 1,100 ballots  in the previous election had  been rejected and                                                               
may have  been counted  had a  cure process  been available.   He                                                               
expressed his  support for  same-day voter  registration, stating                                                               
that he had  encountered young and new voters in  his capacity of                                                               
student government relations at the  University of Alaska who had                                                               
expressed a desire  to vote, but had not been  allowed due to the                                                               
30-day advance registration requirement.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
2:56:10 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
EVAN  ANDERSON,  Director  of Civic  Engagement  for  the  Alaska                                                               
Center  Education  Fund, testified  in  support  of  HB 66.    He                                                               
complimented  the efforts  and adaptations  involved in  the 2020                                                               
election  under a  global pandemic.   He  encouraged outreach  to                                                               
existing and  new voters  to inform them  of their  voter rights.                                                               
He stated  that his organization  had established a  hotline that                                                               
garnered hundreds of  calls from voters seeking  information.  He                                                               
suggested  that same-day  voter registration  and the  option for                                                               
permanent absentee  ballot requests  would be the  most effective                                                               
reforms.  He suggested that HB 66 would expand the electorate.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
2:58:40 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REBECCA MOORE  testified in opposition  to HB 66.   She expressed                                                               
concerns that  the passage of  HB 66 would not  provide increased                                                               
integrity in elections.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
2:59:54 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN, after  ascertaining that there was no  one else who                                                               
wished to testify, closed public testimony on HB 66.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN announced that HB 66 was held over.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
3:01:22 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  EASTMAN  suggested  that the  time  allotted  for                                                               
public testimony  for HB 116 be  increased to 3 minutes  for each                                                               
testifier due to the complexity of the bill.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
3:01:46 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR CLAMAN answered that he would take the matter under                                                                       
consideration and reminded attendees that individuals may also                                                                  
provide written testimony on a bill.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
3:02:20 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNMENT                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
There being no further business before the committee, the House                                                                 
Judiciary Standing Committee meeting was adjourned at 3:02 p.m.                                                                 

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
Alaska Police Standards Council Appointment - Joseph White Resume.pdf HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 66 v. B 2.18.2021.PDF HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/19/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 66
HB 66 Sponsor Statement v. B 4.12.2021.pdf HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/19/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 66
HB 66 Sectional Analysis v. B 4.12.2021.pdf HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/19/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 66
HB 66 Additional Document - National Vote at Home Institute 2020 Review 4.12.2021.pdf HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/19/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 66
HB 66 Additional Document - Sightline Institute Absentee Voting Article 12.15.2020.pdf HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/19/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 66
HB 66 Additional Document - Alaska 2020 Ballot Statistics 4.12.2021.pdf HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/19/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 66
HB 66 Supporting Document - Letters Received as of 4.8.2021.pdf HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/19/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 66
HB 66 Fiscal Note OOG-DOE 4.9.2021.pdf HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/19/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 66
HB 116 v. A 2.24.2021.PDF HHSS 4/29/2021 3:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 116
HB 116 Sponsor Statement v. A 4.12.2021.pdf HHSS 4/29/2021 3:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 116
HB 116 Sectional Analysis v. A 4.12.2021.pdf HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 116
HB 116 Supporting Document - FAQs 4.12.2021.pdf HHSS 4/29/2021 3:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 116
HB 116 Supporting Document - Carey Acquittal 2017 4.12.2021.pdf HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 116
HB 116 Supporting Document - Temporary Secure Juvenile Holding Areas 4.12.2021.pdf HHSS 4/29/2021 3:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 116
HB 116 Supporting Document - DJJ Letter 4.9.2021.pdf HHSS 4/29/2021 3:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 116
HB 116 PowerPoint Presentation 4.12.2021.pdf HHSS 4/29/2021 3:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 116
HB 116 Fiscal Note DHSS-PS 4.9.2021.pdf HHSS 4/29/2021 3:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/12/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/14/2021 1:00:00 PM
HJUD 4/16/2021 1:00:00 PM
HB 116