Legislature(2017 - 2018)CAPITOL 106

03/14/2018 08:00 AM HEALTH & SOCIAL SERVICES

Note: the audio and video recordings are distinct records and are obtained from different sources. As such there may be key differences between the two. The audio recordings are captured by our records offices as the official record of the meeting and will have more accurate timestamps. Use the icons to switch between them.

Download Mp3. <- Right click and save file as
Download Video part 1. <- Right click and save file as

Audio Topic
08:04:00 AM Start
08:04:56 AM Presentation: Intro to the Alaska Early Childhood Coordinating Council
08:37:45 AM Presentation: Early Childhood in Alaska What the Data & Research Tell Us
09:32:52 AM Presentation: "kids Count Alaska: Economic Well-being of Alaska's Families"
10:02:48 AM HB339
10:07:19 AM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
-- Please Note Time Change --
Joint with House EDC
+ Presentation: Introduction to Early Childhood TELECONFERENCED
Development & the AK Early Childhood
Coordinating Council
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
                         JOINT MEETING                                                                                        
               HOUSE EDUCATION STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                             
      HOUSE HEALTH AND SOCIAL SERVICES STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                     
                         March 14, 2018                                                                                         
                           8:04 a.m.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE EDUCATION STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
 Representative Harriet Drummond, Chair                                                                                         
 Representative Justin Parish, Vice Chair                                                                                       
 Representative Tiffany Zulkosky                                                                                                
 Representative Ivy Spohnholz                                                                                                   
 Representative Jennifer Johnston                                                                                               
 Representative Chuck Kopp                                                                                                      
 Representative Geran Tarr (alternate)                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE HEALTH AND SOCIAL SERVICES STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
 Representative Ivy Spohnholz, Chair                                                                                            
 Representative Tiffany Zulkosky, Vice Chair                                                                                    
 Representative Geran Tarr                                                                                                      
 Representative Jennifer Johnston                                                                                               
 Representative Colleen Sullivan-Leonard                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE EDUCATION STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
 Representative David Talerico                                                                                                  
 Representative Sam Kito                                                                                                        
 Representative Lora Reinbold (alternate)                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE HEALTH AND SOCIAL SERVICES STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
 Representative David Eastman                                                                                                   
 Representative Matt Claman (alternate)                                                                                         
 Representative Dan Saddler (alternate)                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
 OTHER LEGISLATORS PRESENT                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
 Senator Tom Begich                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
PRESENTATION: INTRO TO THE ALASKA EARLY CHILDHOOD COORDINATING                                                                  
COUNCIL                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
PRESENTATION: EARLY CHILDHOOD IN ALASKA WHAT THE DATA & RESEARCH                                                                
TELL US                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
PRESENTATION: "KIDS COUNT ALASKA: ECONOMIC WELL-BEING OF                                                                        
ALASKA'S FAMILIES"                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 339                                                                                                              
"An Act relating to the base student allocation; and providing                                                                  
for an effective date."                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED HB 339 OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 339                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: INCREASE BASE STUDENT ALLOCATION                                                                                   
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) GARA                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
02/09/18       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/09/18       (H)       EDC, FIN                                                                                               
02/16/18       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
02/16/18       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
02/16/18       (H)       MINUTE(EDC)                                                                                            
02/21/18       (H)       EDC AT 8:30 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
02/21/18       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
02/21/18       (H)       MINUTE(EDC)                                                                                            
02/28/18       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
02/28/18       (H)       -- MEETING CANCELED --                                                                                 
03/07/18       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
03/07/18       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/07/18       (H)       MINUTE(EDC)                                                                                            
03/14/18       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
ANJI GALLANOS, Executive Director                                                                                               
Early Learning Administrator                                                                                                    
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:   Provided a  presentation on  Intro to  the                                                             
Alaska Early Childhood Coordinating Council.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
SANA EFIRD, Deputy Commissioner                                                                                                 
Department of Education and Early Development                                                                                   
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION   STATEMENT:      Provided  an   introduction   to   the                                                             
presentation.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
PATRICK SIDMORE                                                                                                                 
Health and Social Services Planner                                                                                              
Mental Health Trust Board                                                                                                       
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:   Provided a presentation  on Early Childhood                                                             
in Alaska What the data & Research tell Us.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
TREVOR STORRS, Executive Director                                                                                               
Alaska Children's Trust                                                                                                         
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:    Provided  a presentation  on  Kids  Count                                                             
Alaska Economic Well-Being of Alaska's Families.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
8:04:00 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND  called the joint  meeting of the  House Education                                                             
Standing Committee and House Health  and Social Services Standing                                                               
Committee to  order at 8:04 a.m.  Representatives Kopp, Sullivan-                                                               
Leonard,  Zulkosky, Spohnholz,  Parish, Tarr,  and Johnston  were                                                               
present at the call.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
^Presentation: Intro  to the Alaska Early  Childhood Coordinating                                                               
Council                                                                                                                         
 Presentation: Intro to the Alaska Early Childhood Coordinating                                                             
                            Council                                                                                         
                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
8:04:56 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND announced  that the first order  of business would                                                               
be  a  presentation  on  Intro  to  the  Alaska  Early  Childhood                                                               
Coordinating  Council  [included  in   committee  packet].    She                                                               
explained  the  aim of  the  presentations  to  be heard  in  the                                                               
meeting.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SPOHNHOLZ added  the  hearing  looked to  examine                                                               
whether there are redundancies.   She said the chairs had decided                                                               
to  spend  three committee  hearings  exploring  the approach  to                                                               
early childhood education.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
8:09:05 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
SANA  EFIRD, Deputy  Commissioner,  Department  of Education  and                                                               
Early Development, provided an introduction to the presentation.                                                                
She  spoke to  the  statutory  focus of  the  department and  the                                                               
importance of reaching  across departments to see  the whole span                                                               
of early childhood development.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
8:11:14 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ANJI GALLANOS, Executive  Director, Early Learning Administrator,                                                               
provided  a presentation:  Intro  to the  Alaska Early  Childhood                                                               
Coordinating  Council.   She spoke  to the  collaboration between                                                               
Department of  Health and Social  Services (DHSS)  and Department                                                               
of  Education and  Early Development  (DEED).   She informed  she                                                               
serves  as  staff  to the  Alaska  Early  Childhood  Coordinating                                                               
Council (AECCC).   She said the  goal of the presentation  was to                                                               
present some discussion points to  the legislature and to provide                                                               
an overview of the how  early childhood advisory councils operate                                                               
throughout the states and of the structure of the AECCC.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GALLANOS began  her presentation  on slide  4, "Overview  of                                                               
Advisory Councils across the States":                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Nearly all Governors have designated a state advisory                                                                      
     council to advise policymakers.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
     Policy Councils are organized differently in each                                                                          
     state.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Several federal initiatives require state advisory                                                                         
     councils.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
8:14:32 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SULLIVAN-LEONARD  asked about  the graphic  on the                                                               
slide.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS.   GALLANOS  answered   the  graphic   on  slide   4  is   not                                                               
representative.  She said she could provide one that is.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS. GALLANOS progressed to slide 5, "Federal Initiative that                                                                    
require a state advisory council.":                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     Head Start                                                                                                                 
        • Section 642 B(b)(1)(A)(i) of the Head Start Act                                                                       
          requires the  Governor of each State  to designate                                                                    
          or  establish  a council  to  serve  as the  State                                                                    
          Advisory Council on  Early Childhood Education and                                                                    
         Care for children from birth to school entry.                                                                          
     MIECHV (Maternal Infant Early Childhood Home Visiting)                                                                     
        • Recipients should ensure that home visiting is                                                                        
          part of  a continuum  of early  childhood services                                                                    
          through project planning  and service coordination                                                                    
          at  state,  territory  and/or  local  levels  with                                                                    
          entities,  such  as  those  listed  below,  and/or                                                                    
          their local affiliates, as applicable:                                                                                
        • The State Advisory Council on Early Childhood                                                                         
          Education      and     Care      authorized     by                                                                    
          ?642B(b)(1)(A)(i)  of  the   Head  Start  Act,  if                                                                    
          applicable                                                                                                            
     Child Care Development Fund                                                                                                
        • The State Advisory Council on Early Childhood                                                                         
          Education      and     Care      authorized     by                                                                    
          ?642B(b)(1)(A)(i)  of  the   Head  Start  Act,  if                                                                    
          applicable                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
8:17:21 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. GALLANOS advanced to slide 6, "AECCC History":                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Governor  Sean Parnell  issued an  Administrative Order                                                                    
     on October 6th,  2010 designating the Interdepartmental                                                                    
     Early  Childhood Coordinating  Council  (IECCC) as  the                                                                    
     Advisory Council on Early Childhood Education and Care                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     An  MOA was  signed  by the  previous Commissioners  of                                                                    
     DHSS  and DEED  clarifying  roles and  responsibilities                                                                    
     for   the  Council.   The  Council   will  be   jointly                                                                    
     facilitated by  the Department  of Education  and Early                                                                    
     Development and the Department of Health and                                                                               
     Social Services.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     This   Council    previously   included    only   state                                                                    
     representatives.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Subcommittees formed. Current work: Next meeting April                                                                     
     2018                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
8:19:09 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GALLANOS  advanced  to  slide 7,  "AECCC  Structure."    She                                                               
described  the  make-up  of  the   council,  which  includes  the                                                               
commissioners of DEED  and DHSS and their  departmental staff, as                                                               
well as standing committees:                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
        • Healthy Start and Strong Families                                                                                     
        • Data and Systems Alignment                                                                                            
        • High Quality Early Care and Education                                                                                 
        • Innovation and Long Term Investment                                                                                   
        • Public Engagement & Community Partnerships                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MS. GALLANOS advanced to slide 8, entitled "AECCC Alaska Early                                                                  
Childhood Coordinating Council"                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS. GALLANOS advanced to slide 9, "AECCC Members":                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Public                                                                                                                     
        • Office of the Governor                                                                                                
        • Commissioner of DEED                                                                                                  
        • Commissioner of DHSS                                                                                                  
        • Commissioner of DOL                                                                                                   
        • Commissioner of Public Safety                                                                                         
        • DEED Director of Student Learning                                                                                     
        • Head Start Collaboration Director                                                                                     
        • Part C/Early Intervention Program Manager                                                                             
        • Child Care Program Manager                                                                                            
       • Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Program                                                                          
          Officer                                                                                                               
        • Representative from UAA                                                                                               
        • Alaska Mental Health Board                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
     Private                                                                                                                    
        • Alaska Association of School Administrators                                                                           
        • Alaska Association of School Boards                                                                                   
        • Association for Infant Learning Programs                                                                              
        • Alaska's Child Care Resource and Referral                                                                             
        • Alaska Head Start Association                                                                                         
        • Alaska Native Health                                                                                                  
        • Alaska Libraries Association                                                                                          
        • Alaska  Children's     Trust    Mental    Health                                                                      
          Representative                                                                                                        
        • Best Beginnings Representative                                                                                        
        • Parent Representative                                                                                                 
        • Business Community Representative                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   ZULKOSKY   asked   for  clarification   of   who                                                               
represents Alaska Native Health.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS. GALLANOS  answered that Matt  Hirschfeld from the  All Alaska                                                               
Pediatric Partnership is the current representative.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE PARISH asked why the  university is only listed as                                                               
UAA and not the entire University of Alaska (UA) system.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GALLANOS answered  that it  should represent  the entire  UA                                                               
system.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
8:23:20 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. GALLANOS advanced to slide  10, entitled "AECCC Sub-Committee                                                               
Chairs":                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
   • Healthy Start and Strong Families - Alaska Native                                                                          
     Health Association for Infant Learning Programs                                                                            
   • Data and Systems Alignment - Alaska Mental Health                                                                          
     Board                                                                                                                      
   • High Quality Early Care and Education - Representative                                                                     
     from UAA, Child Care Program Manager                                                                                       
   • Innovation and Long Term Investment - Alaska Head                                                                          
     Start, Association Business Community Representative                                                                       
   • Public Engagement & Community Partnerships - Alaska                                                                        
     Association of School Boards, Alaska Children's Trust,                                                                     
     Best Beginnings Representative                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MS.   GALLANOS  advanced   to  slide   11,  "AECCC   Subcommittee                                                               
Priorities",  and briefly  addressed  the priorities.   She  said                                                               
that   another  task   of  the   subcommittees  is   to  identify                                                               
stakeholders as well as priorities.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MS. GALLANOS  addressed slide 12,  "AECCC Alaska  Early Childhood                                                               
Coordinating Council," showing how  the components of the council                                                               
fit together.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
8:27:37 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE JOHNSTON  returned to  slide 11 and  suggested the                                                               
priorities  regarding  "Innovation   and  Long-Term  Investment,"                                                               
which   include  "oppose   Medicaid  block   grants,  repeal   of                                                               
Affordable  Care  Act," would  appear  to  be more  political  in                                                               
nature.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GALLANOS  answered the  council  doesn't  have the  role  of                                                               
requesting funding.   She underlined part of the  council is made                                                               
up  of public  agency groups.    She said  those priorities  were                                                               
defined by the groups at the time.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE JOHNSTON  asked for  confirmation that  the groups                                                               
are public.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS. GALLANOS  said that at  the time, the two  subcommittees felt                                                               
those priorities were the true focus of their work.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   JOHNSTON  asked   for   confirmation  that   the                                                               
information was three years old.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS.  GALLANOS   answered  in  the   affirmative  and   said  that                                                               
priorities need  to be updated.   She stated the group  looks for                                                               
guidance from the various entities, including the legislature.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
8:32:13 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SPOHNHOLZ spoke  to the  priorities on  slide 11.                                                               
She  suggested  narrowing  the goals  and  using  community-based                                                               
partnerships to achieve those goals.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  DRUMMOND  commented  the  presentation  was  revealing  of                                                               
partnerships between departments.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS. GALLANOS  said she thinks  it is important to  understand the                                                               
council  and how  it works.   She  added that  other states  have                                                               
advisors for policymakers.   She stated the council  has done the                                                               
best it  could have done.   She  encouraged the committee  to use                                                               
the presentation as a draft for moving forward.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
^Presentation:  Early  Childhood  in   Alaska  What  the  Data  &                                                               
Research tell us                                                                                                                
 Presentation: Early Childhood in Alaska What the Data & Research                                                           
                             tell us                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:37:45 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND announced that the next order of business would                                                                  
be a presentation on "Early Childhood in Alaska What the Data &                                                                 
Research tell us" [included in committee packet].                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
8:38:02 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
PATRICK  SIDMORE,  Health  and Social  Services  Planner,  Alaska                                                               
Mental  Health  Trust  Board, provided  a  presentation  entitled                                                               
"Early Childhood  in Alaska  What the data  & Research  tell Us",                                                               
[included in committee packet]:                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE began by addressing slide 3, "Questions":                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     At what age are children in the U.S. most likely to be                                                                     
     expelled from school?                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
      What percentage of Alaskan children age 6 and under                                                                       
       receive care by someone other than their parent or                                                                       
     guardian?                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     By age eight, what percentage of Alaskan children have                                                                     
     had a first report of harm made to OCS?                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
      What percentage of Alaskan children at the start of                                                                       
     Kindergarten regulate their feelings and impulses?                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
      What skills can mitigate the health impact of toxic                                                                       
     levels of stress in childhood?                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE continued to slide 4, "Outline- what the research                                                                   
tells us":                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     1) The Importance of Early Childhood                                                                                       
          1) Heckman Equation                                                                                                   
          2) The Brain Science                                                                                                  
     2) The Data                                                                                                                
          1) Population                                                                                                         
          2) Sources of Information                                                                                             
          3) Prenatal                                                                                                           
          4) Birth and Infancy                                                                                                  
          5) Pre-School Age                                                                                                     
          6) School Age                                                                                                         
     3) Analysis                                                                                                                
          1. What Hurts                                                                                                         
          2. What Works                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE spoke  to slide 5, "Early Childhood  Development is a                                                               
smart  investment," displaying  a graph  by James  Heckman, Nobel                                                               
Laureate in Economics.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
8:43:27 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE  continued  to  slide 7,  "Building  blocks  of  the                                                               
brain":                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     Abstract thought                                                                                                           
     Planning for future                                                                                                        
     Decision-making                                                                                                            
     Self-awareness & insight                                                                                                   
     Balancing emotions                                                                                                         
     Empathy                                                                                                                    
     Memory                                                                                                                     
     Attention                                                                                                                  
     Emotions                                                                                                                   
     Motor Regulation                                                                                                           
     Sleep                                                                                                                      
     Digestion                                                                                                                  
     "Staying alive" ? respiration, heartrate?                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     *Slide Courtesy of Linda Chamberlain, Ph.D.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE  described the progression of  brain development from                                                               
birth through to the development of abstract thought.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE spoke  to slide 8, "Wired  Up-Wired Down," displaying                                                               
the neurons  of the  brain at birth,  at 7 years  old, and  at 15                                                               
years old.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
8:46:29 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SULLIVAN-LEONARD   mentioned  her  work   in  the                                                               
prenatal  unit  at  Providence Hospital  and  asked  whether  the                                                               
wiring in  babies of mothers with  addiction could be shown  in a                                                               
similar image.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE said he would follow up with the information.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE presented a quote  from James Heckman: "Self-control,                                                               
openness,  the ability  to engage  with  others, to  plan and  to                                                               
persist -  these are the attributes  that get people in  the door                                                               
and on the job, and lead to productive lives."                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE advanced to slide 10, "Seven Key Principles of Self-                                                                
regulation":                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
        • SELF-REGULATION:                                                                                                      
          serves as the foundation for lifelong functioning                                                                     
        • is defined from an applied perspective as the act                                                                     
          of managing cognition and emotion                                                                                     
        • enactment is influenced by a combination of                                                                           
          individual and external factors                                                                                       
        • can be strengthened and taught                                                                                        
        • is dependent on "co-regulation" provided by                                                                           
          parents or other caregiving adults                                                                                    
        • can be disrupted by prolonged or pronounced                                                                           
          stress and adversity including poverty and trauma                                                                     
          experiences                                                                                                           
        • develops over an extended period from birth                                                                           
          through young adulthood and beyond                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     [Source]   Murray,   Desiree  W.,   Rosanbalm,   Katie,                                                                    
     Christopoulos,  Christina,  and Hamoudi,  Amar  (2015).                                                                    
     SelfRegulation  and   Toxic  Stress:   Foundations  for                                                                    
     Understanding   Self-   Regulation  from   an   Applied                                                                    
     Developmental   Perspective.   OPRE  Report   #2015-21,                                                                    
     Washington,  DC:  Office   of  Planning,  Research  and                                                                    
     Evaluation, Administration  for Children  and Families,                                                                    
     U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
8:51:37 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE continued to slide 11, "How many Alaskans Aged Eight                                                                
and Under*":                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     Ages Birth through 8                                                                                                       
          Number of Alaskans: 95,669                                                                                            
          Percentage of Population 13.0 percent                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     How Does it Compare                                                                                                        
     Ages 65 Plus:                                                                                                              
          Number of Alaskans: 82,686                                                                                            
          Percentage of Population 11.2 percent                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     [Source] Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce                                                                          
     Development, Research and Analysis Section; and U.S.                                                                       
     Census Bureau, July 2017 Estimates                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE addressed slide 12,  "Birth to Age Nine," showing the                                                               
demographic around the state.  He  remarked that in some areas of                                                               
the  state, the  group makes  up  20 percent  of the  population,                                                               
while in other areas it is as low as 5 percent.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
*Sources: Alaska  Department of Labor and  Workforce Development,                                                               
Research and Analysis Section; and  U.S. Census Bureau, July 2017                                                               
Estimates                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE  continued to slide  13, "Key Data  Sources," listing                                                               
the programs from which the data had been collected:                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
   • Alaska PRAMS - Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring                                                                        
     System                                                                                                                     
   • Alaska CUBS - Childhood Understanding Behavior Survey                                                                      
   • ABADA/AMHB - Advisory Board on Alcoholism and Drug                                                                         
     Abuse/ Alaska Mental Health Board                                                                                          
   • DEED - Alaska Department of Education and Early                                                                            
     Development                                                                                                                
   • CDC - Centers for Disease Control                                                                                          
   • The Economics of Early Care and Learning in Alaska                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE JOHNSTON asked whether  the CUBS and PRAMS systems                                                               
are voluntary.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE answered in the affirmative.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:54:14 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE moved to slide 14, "Searchable Data Sources":                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
        • Alaska PRAMS                                                                                                          
        • Alaska CUBS                                                                                                           
        • Health Maps InstantAtlas                                                                                              
        • Health Data AK-IBIS                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE  addressed  the checklists  for  "Alaska  PRAMS"  in                                                               
slides  15-17   for  the  stages  of   Before  Pregnancy,  During                                                               
Pregnancy, and After Pregnancy.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
8:57:30 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE advanced  to  slide 19,  "Smoked  during last  three                                                               
months  of Pregnancy".    He  stated that  around  13,500 of  the                                                               
children monitored had mothers who smoked.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE spoke to slide 20, "Interpersonal Violence and                                                                      
Pregnancy":                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
        • During the 12 months before you got pregnant with                                                                     
          your new  baby, did your husband  or partner push,                                                                    
          hit, slap, kick, choke, or  physically hurt you in                                                                    
          any other way?                                                                                                        
        • During your  most  recent  pregnancy,   did  you                                                                      
          husband or  partner push, hit, slap,  kick, choke,                                                                    
          or physically hurt you in any other way?                                                                              
        • During the 12 months before you got pregnant with                                                                     
          your  new  baby,  did you  ever  call  the  police                                                                    
          because  you felt  threatened by  your husband  or                                                                    
          partner? (Include calls to 911, AST, VPSO)                                                                            
        • During the 12 months before I got pregnant: your                                                                      
          husband  or  partner   threaten  you,  limit  your                                                                    
          activities  against your  will  or  make you  feel                                                                    
          unsafe in any other way?                                                                                              
        • During my most recent pregnancy: your husband or                                                                      
          partner  threaten   you,  limit   your  activities                                                                    
          against your will  or make you feel  unsafe in any                                                                    
          other way?                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
          Yes to at least one - 7.6% - ~7,270/95,669                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
          *Based on 3-year  sample 2009-2011, Jared Parrish,                                                                    
          Ph.D.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
8:59:25 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE advanced to slides 21-22 on "The Mechanism of Change                                                                
Epigenetics":                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
        • Compelling new science showing  how nurture  can                                                                      
          affect nature                                                                                                         
             Molecular  biological  methods to  change  gene                                                                    
          expression without changing the gene itself                                                                           
             Done by  changing the  chemical composition  of                                                                    
          regulatory segments of the gene                                                                                       
        • DNA methylation                                                                                                       
        • Modification of histones                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Epigenetics Passed from Moms to Children                                                                                   
        • Fetal exposure to   maternal  stress  influences                                                                      
          future stress responses in a negative way                                                                             
            Moms who are stressed (stressful event,                                                                             
          increased anxiety, depression) during pregnancy                                                                       
          are more likely to have kids with:                                                                                    
        • Preterm birth                                                                                                         
        • Poor emotional coping skills                                                                                          
        • Decreased cognitive abilities                                                                                         
        • Increased fear response to stimuli                                                                                    
     ? Increased anxiety                                                                                                        
            These effects are mediated by histone                                                                               
          modification and DNA methylation                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     [Source] Matt Hirschfeld, M.D., Ph.D.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
9:01:21 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE   advanced  to   slide  24,   "Nutrition"  regarding                                                               
breastfeeding rates as well as  soda consumption.  He stated that                                                               
Alaska "does incredibly well" in  breastfeeding rates compared to                                                               
other states.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SULLIVAN-LEONARD commented  she grew  up drinking                                                               
Tang and said her grandchildren are allowed only milk and water.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE  remarked other sugary  drinks are also an  issue and                                                               
there is another measure for those.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND mentioned  a conference in the  1990s about dental                                                               
health and commented  that there were images  of children's teeth                                                               
emerging rotten due to sugar consumption.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  ZULKOSKY  remarked  that  if water  were  not  so                                                               
expensive, there may not be  the disparity that is seen currently                                                               
in consumption.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE advanced  to slide  24, "Benefits  of Breastfeeding"                                                               
and "Benefits of Reducing Soda Consumption":                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
        • Psychosocial Effects                                                                                                  
        • Economic Effects                                                                                                      
        • Environmental Effects                                                                                                 
      • Endorsement of   Breastfeeding   as   the   Best                                                                        
          Nutrition for Infants                                                                                                 
          [Source] Office of the Surgeon General (US);                                                                          
          Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US);                                                                      
          Office on Women's Health (US).                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Frequent  ingestion  of  soda has  been  identified  by                                                                    
     Tribal  health programs  as  a  factor contributing  to                                                                    
     increased  dental  decay  in Alaska  Natives.  Frequent                                                                    
     ingestion of  soda contributes to dental  decay through                                                                    
     two mechanisms:                                                                                                            
        • Non-diet sodas are a major source of sugar; and                                                                       
        • Most sodas, like citrus drinks, have a relatively                                                                     
          low pH (acidic)                                                                                                       
     These factors  result in  increased acid  production by                                                                    
     the   bacteria  causing   dental  decay   as  well   as                                                                    
     demineralization of  teeth due to  the low pH  of these                                                                    
     drinks.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     [Source] Alaska Oral Health Plan                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
9:05:02 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE  addressed slide 25,  "Days per  week read book  or a                                                               
story  with young  child" showing  a graph  of the  percentage of                                                               
mothers  of 3-year-olds  reading to  their children.   The  graph                                                               
showed an  increase in reading  "Every day" from 50.5  percent in                                                               
2015 to 58.1 percent in 2016.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE advanced  to  slide  26, "Types  of  Early Care  and                                                               
Learning  Services  Utilized".     He  gave  the  percentages  of                                                               
children under  6 years  of age  in care  by types  of care.   He                                                               
highlighted 55  percent of children  under age 6 receive  care by                                                               
someone other than their parent or guardian.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
9:07:12 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE advanced  to slide  27,  "Attends Preschool",  which                                                               
shows a  table, "3-year-old child currently  attends preschool by                                                               
region".   He remarked that  at 3 years  old, the number  is 28.5                                                               
percent.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  DRUMMOND remarked  that 6,500  child care  workers in  the                                                               
state is an interesting figure.   She asked for confirmation that                                                               
the figure includes public and private sector workers.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE answered  in the  affirmative, adding  he had  heard                                                               
that  a  child  will  spend   more  time  in  childcare  than  in                                                               
education.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE moved  to slide  28  containing a  quote from  James                                                               
Heckman, "High  quality birth-to-five programs  for disadvantaged                                                               
children can deliver a 13 percent return on investment."                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE addressed  slide 29,  "Expulsion Rates  (per 1,000)"                                                               
giving the rate of expulsion for  K-12, PreK, and Child Care.  He                                                               
said the age  children are most likely to be  expelled is 4 years                                                               
of age.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SPOHNHOLZ asked what the pupils are expelled for.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  JOHNSTON  shared  personal  experience  with  her                                                               
young children being expelled.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SPOHNHOLZ  asked whether  the children  were being                                                               
expelled for non-conforming behavior.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE  replied he thinks  the answer is  yes.  He  added he                                                               
thinks it has to do with  the adults' ability to handle the range                                                               
of behavior of children.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
9:12:38 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE continued  to slide 30, "State  PreK Expulsion Rates"                                                               
showing a map  from the Yale School of Medicine  of the U.S. with                                                               
a color-coded rates and states with no PreK program.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE  addressed slide 31, "Many  Factors Predict Preschool                                                               
Expulsion":                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
        • Child-Teacher Ratio                                                                                                   
        • Program Length of Day                                                                                                 
        • Teacher Job Stress                                                                                                    
        • Access to Behavioral Supports                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
9:14:30 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE advanced to slide 32, "Who gets Expelled?":                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
        • 4-year-olds 50 percent more likely than 3's                                                                           
     • Black preschoolers more than 2 times as likely as                                                                        
          white preschoolers                                                                                                    
        • Boys more than 4 times as likely as girls                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE moved  to slide  33,  "Statewide 2017-2018  results"                                                               
from the  developmental profile done  for kindergarteners  in the                                                               
first 4 weeks  of school.  The pie chart  shows that 17.6 percent                                                               
of pupils "Consistently demonstrated  all 13 goals"; 12.7 percent                                                               
"Consistently  demonstrated 11  or  12 goals";  and 69.6  percent                                                               
"Consistently demonstrated 10 or fewer Goals."                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
9:16:43 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE continued  to slide  34,  "Types of  Early Care  and                                                               
Learning services  utilized," showing 42 percent  of children age                                                               
6 to 12 are in non-family childcare.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE spoke to slide  37, "Annual prevalence - 3 estimates"                                                               
showing  Dr. Justin  Parrish's data  linking  the Permanent  Fund                                                               
Dividend with PRAMS data and OCS data on reports of harm.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     On average                                                                                                                 
     ~ 15,000 children are reported                                                                                             
     ~ 8,000 children are screened in                                                                                           
     ~ 2,000 children are substantiated to/by OCS annually                                                                      
        • The number of reports and screen ins has                                                                              
          significantly increased since 2008                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND asked for definitions of the terms used.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE  explained that  report means there  was a  report to                                                               
OCS;  screened  in  means  that enough  information  came  in  to                                                               
suggest   that   an  investigated   needed   to   be  done;   and                                                               
substantiated means a harm was found.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   PARISH  asked   for  a   report  including   the                                                               
proportion of false negatives and false positives.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE JOHNSTON  added it would be  interested to receive                                                               
information on  the "1-3 reporting"  data, including  time limits                                                               
for investigations and results.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
9:22:06 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE advanced to slide  43, "New emerging data resources."                                                               
He explained  that mothers  taking part in  the PRAMS  survey had                                                               
signed a  release for the  data to be linked.   In this  way, the                                                               
OCS  outcomes could  be seen  via the  Alaska Longitudinal  Child                                                               
Abuse and Neglect Linkage Project (ALCANLink).                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE  moved to  slide  44,  "Maltreatment burden:  Alaska                                                               
Longitudinal  Child  Abuse  and  Neglect Linkage  Project".    He                                                               
pointed out  that around  10 percent of  the child  population is                                                               
reported to OCS annually in Alaska.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
9:25:01 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE advanced  to slide 46, "Linking Data to  Policy".  He                                                               
said it is hard  to diagnose a child of 1 or 2  years of age with                                                               
a disturbance, but severe emotional  disturbance is the criterion                                                               
that  is examined.    He  said the  1115  Medicaid Waiver  allows                                                               
states to  "bend the rules"  and the data  can be used  to obtain                                                               
federal funds.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE advanced to slide 48-50, defining types of stress:                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
 • Positive stress" - moderate, short-lived stress responses,                                                                   
     such as brief increases in heart rate or mild changes in                                                                   
     stress hormone levels                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
 • Tolerable Stress- could disrupt brain architecture but is                                                                    
     buffered by supportive relationships that facilitate                                                                       
     adaptive coping                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
• Toxic Stress- strong and prolonged activation of the body's                                                                   
     stress management systems in the absences of the buffering                                                                 
     protection of adult support                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE addressed  slides 51-52  by Josh  Arvidson on  brain                                                               
processes:                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
   • under typical conditions                                                                                                   
     - observe - input - interpret - process - evaluate                                                                         
     options - plan - act                                                                                                       
   •  Alarm system "Express Route"                                                                                              
     - observe - interpret - react - (flight - fight-                                                                           
     freeze)                                                                                                                    
   • With repeated stress, the Alarm System "Express Route"                                                                     
     becomes the main road                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
9:28:52 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE moved to slide 56, "Self-Regulation":                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     1. Finishes tasks and follows through on commitments                                                                       
     2. Stays calm and in control when facing a challenge                                                                       
     3. Shows interest and curiosity in learning new things                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MR.  SIDMORE  spoke  to  slide   57,  "Average  Number  of  CSHCN                                                               
condition by ACE score and  Number of Self-Regulation skills (Age                                                               
6-17)."  He explained that the taller columns on the graph (red)                                                                
indicate worse health levels.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
9:31:11 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE addressed slide 58 containing the answers to the                                                                    
initial presentation questions:                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
        • At what age are children in the U.S. most likely                                                                      
          to be expelled from school?                                                                                           
               - 4 years old                                                                                                    
        • By age eight, what percentage of Alaskan children                                                                     
          have had a first report of harm made to OCS?                                                                          
               - 32 percent or about 30,614                                                                                     
        • What percentage of Alaskan  children  age 6  and                                                                      
          under receive care by someone other than their                                                                        
          parent or guardian?                                                                                                   
               - 55 percent                                                                                                     
        • What percentage of Alaskan children at the start                                                                      
          of Kindergarten regulate their feelings and                                                                           
          impulses?                                                                                                             
               - 45.5 percent                                                                                                   
        • What skills can mitigate  the  health impact  of                                                                      
          toxic levels of stress in childhood?                                                                                  
               - Self-Regulation Skills                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
9:31:51 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. SIDMORE advanced to slide 59, "Priorities for Prevention":                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
        • Support quality early childhood programs.                                                                             
        • Ensure access to health care including behavioral                                                                     
          health care.                                                                                                          
        • Strengthen capacity for social emotional learning                                                                     
          throughout Alaska's schools.                                                                                          
        • Maintain and expand prevention efforts that have                                                                      
          proven to be effective.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
^Presentation: "Kids Count Alaska: Economic Well-Being of                                                                       
Alaska's Families"                                                                                                              
    Presentation: "Kids Count Alaska: Economic Well-Being of                                                                
                       Alaska's Families"                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
9:32:52 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND  announced that the  next order of  business would                                                               
be a presentation  on "Kids Count Alaska:  Economic Well-Being of                                                               
Alaska's Families" [included in committee packet].                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
9:33:04 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TREVOR  STORRS,  Executive  Director,  Alaska  Children's  Trust,                                                               
presented a  PowerPoint, "Kids Count Alaska:  Economic Well-Being                                                               
of Alaska's  Families"[included in  committee packet].   He began                                                               
by addressing slide  2, "Resilient Family".  He  suggested when a                                                               
family  has employment,  it  has access  to  health services  and                                                               
education.  He said one of the key elements is economics.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
9:36:01 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. STORRS  advanced to slide 3,  "Children make up a  quarter of                                                               
Alaska  population"  showing child  population  by  region.   The                                                               
number of children in the state  is 207,131.  *Source: Kids Count                                                               
Alaska Economic Well Being 2018                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR. STORRS  advanced to  slide 4, "Income  is not  equal" showing                                                               
the difference  from Median  Family Income  by Race  / Ethnicity,                                                               
2015.  The slide shows the  state Median Family Income at $75,500                                                               
and the Median Family income for Non-white families is $48,700.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KOPP remarked  that charts  showing the  economic                                                               
reality  in  the villages  do  not  take  into account  the  cash                                                               
economy  versus  subsistence  living.    He  mentioned  that  his                                                               
neighbors growing  up in the  village certainly did  not consider                                                               
themselves poor.   He suggested  it is like comparing  apples and                                                               
oranges and not a direct comparison.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR.  STORRS  stated  his  agreement.     He  clarified  that  the                                                               
information given  provides a picture  for the  conversation that                                                               
is needed.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
9:40:27 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  STORRS  moved  to  slide  5, "Having  both  parents  in  the                                                               
workforce  is  a  financial advantage"  showing  household  types                                                               
2011-2015.  The graph indicated  68 percent are in Married Couple                                                               
households.   Of the 32  percent in Single-Parent  households, 68                                                               
percent are Mother only households,  and 32 percent are in Father                                                               
only households.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MR. STORRS advanced to slide 6,  "Where you live has a big impact                                                               
on how much families struggle"  which shows families with incomes                                                               
below the  federal poverty level  2011-2015.  He  commented that,                                                               
as  pointed  out by  Representative  Kopp,  the numbers  did  not                                                               
account for subsistence lifestyles.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND asked about the  age range of the children covered                                                               
in the study.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR.  STORRS answered  he would  have to  supply the  information;                                                               
however,  it was  the group  from zero  to either  17, 18,  or 19                                                               
years of age.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND surmised  it includes the K-12  population as well                                                               
as preschool.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR. STORRS answered in the affirmative.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SULLIVAN-LEONARD asked where  the income level was                                                               
taken from.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MR. STORRS answered  poverty level for a family of  2 is $16,240,                                                               
and for a family of 3, the level is $20,424.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
9:44:22 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. STORRS  advanced to slide  8 entitled "Alaska is  leading the                                                               
country in housing  burden" In Alaska an individual  must earn at                                                               
least $24.10 to  for a 2-bedroom rental at fair  market rate.  He                                                               
directed   attention  to   the  column   listing  nonmetropolitan                                                               
counties (or  county equivalents)  which shows the  required wage                                                               
much higher,  from $27.19  in Skagway, Alaska,  to $32.52  in the                                                               
Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MR.  STORRS moved  back to  slide 7,  "Hard working  families are                                                               
struggling to keep up with housing  costs."  The table shows wage                                                               
and rental costs  rates, with the conclusion that  a renter would                                                               
have to work  77 hours per week  at the minimum wage  to pay rent                                                               
on a modest 1-bedroom home at  fair market value.  He pointed out                                                               
that  the standard  is 30  percent or  less of  one's income  for                                                               
housing and paying over that 30 percent puts one in jeopardy.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
9:47:07 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. STORRS advanced to slide 9, "Families are going hungry":                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
        • In 2014,    20   percent   of    all   children,                                                                      
          approximately    38,000    children,   lived    in                                                                    
          households where there was not enough food                                                                            
          because of insufficient resources.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
        • In 2015, 81,000 individuals participated in                                                                           
        Supplemental Nutrition Assistant Program (SNAP).                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MR. STORRS  continued to  slide 10,  "Transportation is  an issue                                                               
for some families":                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     10 percent of children, approximately 19,000 children,                                                                     
     lived in homes where there was not a vehicle available                                                                     
     for household members.                                                                                                     
     Regionally,   particularly   off   the   road   system,                                                                    
     individuals may have less need for a truck or car and                                                                      
     rather rely on ATVs                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     *Source: Kids Count Alaska Economic Well Being 2018                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MR.   STORRS  advanced   to  slide   11,   "Families  are   major                                                               
contributors to  early care and  learning" which states  that, in                                                               
total, Alaska's early care and  learning sector accounts for $343                                                               
million  in annual  spending.   Household  spending accounts  for                                                               
$223 million, $84  million is covered by  the federal government,                                                               
and $36  million by state  government spending.  The  source read                                                               
as follows:                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     *Source: Economic Impact of Early Care and Learning in                                                                     
     Alaska, Alaska Early Childhood Coordinating Council,                                                                       
     2015                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
9:50:15 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TARR asked  whether extracurricular activities are                                                               
included in the figures.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MR. STORRS said he would have to find that information.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  TARR mentioned  a bill  for afterschool  programs                                                               
that was in the pipeline.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR.  STORRS   continued  to  slide  13,   "Cumulative  effect  of                                                               
stressors".   The slide lists  healthcare costs and  access, high                                                               
housing  burden,   lack  of  transportation,  low   income,  food                                                               
insecurity, and early childhood supports as primary stressors.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
9:54:53 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  STORRS  advanced to  slide  16,  "Early childhood  education                                                               
reduces negative and costly outcomes":                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
     1. Decrease Crime                                                                                                          
     2. Improved Graduate Rates                                                                                                 
     3. Teenage Birth Drop                                                                                                      
     4. Increase Employment                                                                                                     
     5. Decrease welfare and health care costs                                                                                  
     6. Academic and Earnings Outcomes                                                                                          
     7. Increased Workforce                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     *Source: Economic Impact of Early Care and Learning in                                                                     
      Alaska, Alaska Early Childhood Coordinating Council,                                                                      
     2015                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
9:56:32 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE ZULKOSKY requested confirmation  of her summary of                                                               
the  presentation   as  follows:   financial  and   economic  and                                                               
household  stressors can  lead to  family  stressors that  impact                                                               
early  childhood experience,  resilience,  and  ability to  self-                                                               
regulate which impacts early childhood education.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MR. STORRS answered he thought it was a "great summary."                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at-ease from 10:01 a.m. to 10:02 a.m.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
[The joint  House Health and  Social Services  Standing Committee                                                               
and  House Education  Standing Committee  meeting  ended.   House                                                               
Health and Social Services Standing Committee took up HB 339.]                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
            HB 339-INCREASE BASE STUDENT ALLOCATION                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
10:02:48 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND announced  that the final order  of business would                                                               
be  HOUSE BILL  NO. 339,  "An Act  relating to  the base  student                                                               
allocation; and providing for an effective date."                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND commented that since  2013, the Anchorage, Alaska,                                                               
school district  has cut  nearly 400  positions. She  mentioned a                                                               
list presented  to the committee  from the Cordova  School Board.                                                               
She encouraged an increase in the base student allocation.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
10:05:10 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE PARISH moved to report HB 339 out of committee                                                                   
with individual recommendations and the accompanying fiscal                                                                     
notes.  There being no objection, it was so ordered.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at-ease from 10:05 a.m. to 10:07 a.m.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
10:07:19 AM                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNMENT                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
There being no further business before the committee, the House                                                                 
Education Standing Committee meeting was adjourned at 10:07 a.m.                                                                

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
Early Child Hearing Data Presentation Pat Sidmore 3.14.2018.pdf HHSS 3/14/2018 8:00:00 AM
AECCC
Joint Hearing HHSS and HEDC AECCC Anji Gallanos 3.14.2018.pdf HHSS 3/14/2018 8:00:00 AM
AECCC
Alaska Children's Trust AECCC Presentation Trevor Storrs.pdf HHSS 3/14/2018 8:00:00 AM
AECCC