Legislature(1993 - 1994)

02/11/1993 02:45 PM House FIN

Audio Topic
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
                     HOUSE FINANCE COMMITTEE                                   
                        February 11, 1993                                      
                            2:45 P.M.                                          
  TAPE HFC 93 - 20, Side 2, #000 - end.                                        
  CALL TO ORDER                                                                
  Co-Chair Ron Larson  called the meeting of the House Finance                 
  Committee to order at 2:45 P.M.                                              
  Co-Chair Larson                    Representative Brown                      
  Co-Chair MacLean                   Representative Foster                     
  Vice-Chair Hanley                  Representative Martin                     
  Representative Parnell             Representative Therriault                 
  Representatives Hoffman,  Grussendorf and  Navarre were  not                 
  present for the meeting.                                                     
  ALSO PRESENT                                                                 
  John Laravee, Vice-President,  International Association  of                 
  Residential   &   Community  Alternatives,   Boston,  Mass.;                 
  Representative Cliff Davidson.                                               
  SUMMARY INFORMATION                                                          
  PRESENTATION BY:  JOHN LARAVEE, VICE-PRESIDENT                               
                    International Association of Residential &                 
                        Community Alternatives                                 
  CAMBRIDGE ENERGY RESEARCH ASSOCIATES                                         
  HB 73     An Act relating  to state  and local taxation  and                 
  other          state regulation  as affected  by the  Alaska                 
                 Native Claims Settlement Act, as amended, and                 
                 related federal statutes;  and providing  for                 
                 an effective date.                                            
            HB 73 was WAIVED from Committee.                                   
  RESIDENTIAL  AND  COMMUNITY  ALTERNATIVES, reviewed  written                 
  testimony.  [Attachment #1].                                                 
  He noted in  sentencing and  corrections, the  country as  a                 
  whole  is  experiencing  a  uniform  crisis of  crowding  in                 
  prisons,   overloading  of  probation   and  parole,  and  a                 
  deterioration  of  public   image  which  has  significantly                 
  impacted the system's  products, punishment, deterrence  and                 
  rehabilitation.  He  stressed that the business  of criminal                 
  justice hasn't learned anything from this crisis.                            
  Mr.  Laravee   recommended  the  concept   of  "intermediate                 
  sanctions" which  could  provide an  opportunity  to  debate                 
  questions  and  define  the   purpose  and  expectations  of                 
  criminal justice.   These would afford a  fundamental change                 
  in the way people think about  sentencing.  According to the                 
  Alaska Sentencing Commission, Intermediate Punishments offer                 
  a way  to keep sentencing  practices and prison  capacity in                 
  balance by:                                                                  
       1.   Overtaxed prisons are undermining respect for  the                 
            justice system;                                                    
       2.   Prisons are too  costly to serve as  the principal                 
       3.   Prisons are not the elixir for crime.                              
  The premise  of which  intermediate sanctions  are based  is                 
  that the justice system deals with a wide range of offenders                 
  as measured by:                                                              
       1.   The seriousness of their crime;                                    
       2.   The risk they present to public safety;                            
       3.   And their needs.                                                   
  Intermediate  sanctions  are  intended  to  bridge  the  gap                 
  between prison and  probation, between 24-hour incarceration                 
  and once a month or less probation contacts.                                 
  Mr. Laravee stated that intermediate sanctions, rather  than                 
  adding it to a stable  of programs, must be approached in  a                 
  purposeful way:                                                              
       1.   They  must  provide  value.     The  purpose   and                 
            expectations  for  intermediate sanctions  must be                 
            clearly defined, and stated  in terms of outcomes,                 
            not in terms of introducing more programs.                         
       2.   Intermediate sanctions, and the stated purpose and                 
            expectations, must obtain legitimacy and support.                  
       3.   Intermediate sanctioning systems must  be tailored                 
            to the social, political  and economic environment                 
            of the community.                                                  
       4.   There must be  a range of credible  sanctions tied                 
            together by agreed upon policy.                                    
       5.   Individual  sanctions  in   the  range  must  have                 
            integrity and capability  of doing what they  were                 
            designated to do.                                                  
       6.   Offenders must be targeted for specific sanctions.                 
       7.   Intermediate   sanctioning    systems   must    be                 
            adequately financed.                                               
  Mr. Laravee concluded with three summary points.                             
       1.   Simply creating and funding  community corrections                 
            programs is  not  enough.   For  them to  be  used                 
            properly intermediate sanctions must be integrated                 
            into the state's accepted punishment policy.                       
       2.   In determining  the appropriate  sanction for  the                 
            offender, don't get caught in the "more is better"                 
            trap.   What can  result is  an overly  expensive,                 
            rigid   program   in   which   no   offender   can                 
            successfully and no agency can properly deliver.                   
       3.   To succeed, it simply requires leadership.                         
  Representative  Parnell  asked  what  would  be required  to                 
  adequately  fund "intermediate  sanctions" in  Alaska.   Mr.                 
  Laravee explained  this information would  depend on outcome                 
  expectations and at  that time allocating resources  in that                 
  way.  He  added, the first  eighteen months of probation  is                 
  the critical period of  time.  Usually the first  six months                 
  are when most violations occur.   He recommended supervision                 
  be stopped after eighteen months.                                            
  He added that  the State does not need to  look at expansion                 
  of dollars  but rather  check  how the  allocated funds  are                 
  currently  spent.     Several  states  have   changed  their                 
  sentencing policy rather  than expand  beds.  He  summarized                 
  that  creating  expectations  based on  fiscal  realities is                 
  Representative Davidson asked  further clarification of  the                 
  necessary  specifications for  intermediate  sanctions.   He                 
  asked  the components of  tailoring to  local options.   Mr.                 
  Laravee  replied  that  it is  necessary  to  discover those                 
  programs  through  research  and then  introduce  those into                 
  communities if they are appropriate  for that community.  It                 
  is necessary to know  who are the offenders, what  are their                 
  needs,  understanding  their  risk factors,  what  could the                 
  community provide to address those  needs and where will the                 
  program fill in.  The program must be tailored to the  local                 
  community in terms  of the inmate population,  resources and                 
  the  interest   of  the   community  which   includes  local                 
  Representative Parnell asked that a  copy of the residential                 
  and community alternatives be presented to  the Correction's                 
  subcommittee.  Mr. Laravee agreed.                                           
  HOUSE BILL 73                                                                
       "An Act relating to state  and local taxation and other                 
       state  regulation  as  affected  by  the Alaska  Native                 
       Claims Settlement Act, as  amended, and related federal                 
       statutes; and providing for an effective date."                         
  Co-Chair MacLean provided the Committee with a memorandum to                 
  Co-Chair Larson regarding  "waiving" of HB 73.   [Attachment                 
  with federal amendments made to the Alaska Native Settlement                 
  Act (ANCSA) in 1991.                                                         
  Representative Martin asked if the  change would affect only                 
  corporation property.   Co-Chair MacLean stated HB  73 would                 
  affect corporation  and village  corporation property;  also                 
  homeowners property which they own  for a twenty year period                 
  would be taxed under this federal law.                                       
  Representative Martin asked  at which point would  it become                 
  individual  property.     Co-Chair  MacLean   explained  the                 
  property would become  taxable once it  becomes "double-up".                 
  This law is already in existence.                                            
  Co-Chair Larson MOVED TO  WAIVE HB 73 to the  next committee                 
  of referral.  There being NO OBJECTIONS, it was so ordered.                  
  PRICE FORECASTS                                                              
  Co-Chair Larson provided the Committee with Attachment #3, a                 
  Memorandum  from Mike  Greany,  Legislative Fiscal  Analyst,                 
  regarding the  Cambridge Energy  Research Associates  (CERA)                 
  Contract/Oil Price Forecasts.   He noted a  request from the                 
  Senate Finance Co-Chairs  to accept the Cambridge  oil price                 
  forecasting services for a period of  one year for an amount                 
  not to exceed $17.5 thousand dollars.                                        
  Representative Martin inquired  how often a report  would be                 
  made available  from CERA.   Co-Chair  Larson explained  the                 
  services Cambridge would provide as a retainer client:                       
       *    Their quarterly World Oil Watch publication;                       
       *    Special oil reports and fax alerts;                                
       *    Two seats to their annual conference;                              
       *    Regular    phone    access    and   teleconference                 
            participation  in  a  joint  House/Senate  Finance                 
            Committee meeting (to  be held in March  or April,                 
  Co-Chair  Larson MOVED to  honor the  request of  the Senate                 
  Finance Committee and pay half the  amount billed by CERA to                 
  provide the contract.  There being  NO OBJECTIONS, it was so                 
  The meeting adjourned at 3:25 P.M.                                           

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