Legislature(2015 - 2016)BARNES 124

03/10/2015 08:00 AM COMMUNITY & REGIONAL AFFAIRS

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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+= HB 104 IMMUNITY FOR FIRE DEPT. & MEMBERS TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSHB 104(CRA) Out of Committee
+= HJR 3 CONGRESS:NATIVE TRIBAL JURIS. & AUTHORITY TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSHJR 3(CRA) Out of Committee
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
+= HCR 1 GOVERNOR:TRIBAL SOVEREIGNTY AND JURIS. TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSHCR 1(CRA) Out of Committee
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
    HOUSE COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL AFFAIRS STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                   
                         March 10, 2015                                                                                         
                           8:04 a.m.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Representative Cathy Tilton, Chair                                                                                              
Representative Paul Seaton, Vice Chair                                                                                          
Representative Shelley Hughes                                                                                                   
Representative Benjamin Nageak                                                                                                  
Representative Lora Reinbold                                                                                                    
Representative Harriet Drummond                                                                                                 
Representative Dan Ortiz                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
All members present                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 104                                                                                                              
"An Act relating to immunity  for a fire department and employees                                                               
or members of a fire department."                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED CSHB 104(CRA) OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION NO. 1                                                                                               
Urging the Governor to acknowledge  officially the sovereignty of                                                               
Alaska  tribal  governments,  to   create  clear  and  consistent                                                               
policies for  increased state collaboration and  partnership with                                                               
tribes, and to direct the  attorney general to conduct a complete                                                               
review of  the state's litigation  against Alaska  Native tribes;                                                               
urging  the   Governor  to  acknowledge  the   inherent  criminal                                                               
jurisdiction  of Alaska  tribal governments  over tribal  members                                                               
within the boundaries  of their villages; urging  the Governor to                                                               
cooperate with tribes' efforts to  transfer Native land to trust;                                                               
and  urging the  Governor  to  support multilateral  negotiations                                                               
between  tribal governments,  nontribal  municipalities, and  the                                                               
state  government   to  delineate  clearly   tribal  geographical                                                               
jurisdictions.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED CSHCR 1(CRA) OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 3                                                                                                    
Urging  members of  the Alaska  delegation to  the United  States                                                               
Congress to  introduce substantially  similar legislation  to the                                                               
Alaska Safe Families and Villages  Act of 2013; urging the United                                                               
States  Congress to  affirm the  criminal jurisdiction  of Alaska                                                               
tribal governments  over tribal members within  the boundaries of                                                               
their villages;  urging the United  States Congress  to cooperate                                                               
with  tribes'  efforts to  transfer  Native  land to  trust;  and                                                               
supporting multilateral negotiations  between tribal governments,                                                               
nontribal municipalities,  and the state and  federal governments                                                               
to delineate clearly tribal geographical jurisdictions.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED CSHJR 3(CRA) OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 104                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: IMMUNITY FOR FIRE DEPT. & MEMBERS                                                                                  
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) TILTON                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
02/11/15       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/11/15       (H)       CRA, JUD                                                                                               
03/05/15       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
03/05/15       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/05/15       (H)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
03/10/15       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HCR  1                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: GOVERNOR: TRIBAL SOVEREIGNTY AND JURIS.                                                                            
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) EDGMON                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
01/21/15       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
01/21/15       (H)       CRA, JUD                                                                                               
02/19/15       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
02/19/15       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
02/19/15       (H)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
02/26/15       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
02/26/15       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
02/26/15       (H)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
03/10/15       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HJR  3                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: CONGRESS: NATIVE TRIBAL JURIS. & AUTHORITY                                                                         
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) EDGMON                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
01/21/15       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
01/21/15       (H)       CRA, JUD                                                                                               
02/19/15       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
02/19/15       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
02/19/15       (H)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
02/26/15       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
02/26/15       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
02/26/15       (H)       MINUTE(CRA)                                                                                            
03/10/15       (H)       CRA AT 8:00 AM BARNES 124                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
DAN BELLERIVE, Staff                                                                                                            
Representative Tilton                                                                                                           
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Reviewed changes encompassed in Version W.                                                               
                                                                                                                                
TIM CLARK, Staff                                                                                                                
Representative Bryce Edgmon                                                                                                     
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  During hearing  of HCR 1, answered questions                                                             
on behalf of the sponsor, Representative Edgmon.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
8:04:00 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  CATHY  TILTON  called the  House  Community  and  Regional                                                             
Affairs  Standing  Committee  meeting   to  order  at  8:04  a.m.                                                               
Representatives Ortiz,  Hughes, Seaton,  and Tilton  were present                                                               
at the  call to order.   Representatives Drummond,  Reinbold, and                                                               
Nageak arrived as the meeting was in progress.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
            HB 104-IMMUNITY FOR FIRE DEPT. & MEMBERS                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:04:27 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON announced that the  first order of business would be                                                               
HOUSE  BILL NO.  104, "An  Act relating  to immunity  for a  fire                                                               
department and employees or members of a fire department."                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
8:05:00 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SEATON  moved  to  adopt CSHB  104,  Version  29-                                                               
LS0550\W, Shutts, 3/9/15, as the working document.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON objected for discussion purposes.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
8:05:21 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
DAN  BELLERIVE,   Staff,  Representative  Tilton,   Alaska  State                                                               
Legislature, reviewed the  changes encompassed in Version  W.  He                                                               
explained that  page 1, line  11, exempts  intentional misconduct                                                               
and gross  negligence from  the protection  afforded to  the fire                                                               
departments.   Page 1,  lines 12-14,  addresses the  concern that                                                               
the proposed  language of HB  104 would provide protection  for a                                                               
fire department while  carrying out duties under  contract with a                                                               
private  entity that  had a  contract with  a village.   Page  2,                                                               
lines 3-4,  would provide legal  protection for  fire departments                                                               
that  are registered  with  the state  fire  marshal and  provide                                                               
services  under  contract or  agreement  with  a municipality  or                                                               
village.     He  noted  that   existing  statute   only  provides                                                               
protection  for fire  departments  operated and  maintained by  a                                                               
municipality or  village.   Page 2,  line 6,  provides conforming                                                               
language to  ensure that the  immunity in subsection  (c) doesn't                                                               
conflict with  or restrict the immunities  provided in subsection                                                               
(d).                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
8:06:52 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  HUGHES  recalled  the   question  from  the  last                                                               
hearing  regarding whether  the term  "village" is  sufficient or                                                               
whether the term "established village" is more appropriate.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MR.  BELLERIVE  directed  attention  to  AS  09.65.070(e)(2),  as                                                               
follows:                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     (2) "village" means an unincorporated community where at                                                                   
least 25 people reside as a social unit.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:07:25 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  TILTON withdrew  her objection.   There  being no  further                                                               
objection, Version W was adopted.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
8:07:46 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SEATON  moved to  report  CSHB  104, Version  29-                                                               
LS0550\W,  Shutts,  3/9/15,  out  of  committee  with  individual                                                               
recommendations and  the accompanying [zero] fiscal  note.  There                                                               
being no  objection, CSHB  104(CRA) was  reported from  the House                                                               
Community and Regional Affairs Standing Committee.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at ease from 8:08 a.m. to 8:11 a.m.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
         HCR  1-GOVERNOR:TRIBAL SOVEREIGNTY AND JURIS.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
8:11:01 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON announced  that the next order of  business would be                                                               
HOUSE  CONCURRENT  RESOLUTION  NO.  1,  Urging  the  Governor  to                                                               
acknowledge   officially  the   sovereignty   of  Alaska   tribal                                                               
governments,  to   create  clear  and  consistent   policies  for                                                               
increased state  collaboration and  partnership with  tribes, and                                                               
to direct  the attorney general  to conduct a complete  review of                                                               
the state's  litigation against Alaska Native  tribes; urging the                                                               
Governor  to acknowledge  the inherent  criminal jurisdiction  of                                                               
Alaska  tribal   governments  over  tribal  members   within  the                                                               
boundaries of  their villages; urging  the Governor  to cooperate                                                               
with  tribes'  efforts to  transfer  Native  land to  trust;  and                                                               
urging the Governor to  support multilateral negotiations between                                                               
tribal  governments,  nontribal  municipalities,  and  the  state                                                               
government    to    delineate   clearly    tribal    geographical                                                               
jurisdictions.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
8:11:42 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON  reminded the committee  that before it is  CSHCR 1,                                                               
Version   29-LS0353\H,   Wallace/Martin,  2/19/15,   adopted   on                                                               
February 26, 2015.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
8:11:51 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE HUGHES  moved that  the committee  adopt Amendment                                                               
1, labeled 29-LS0353\H.1, Martin, 3/7/15, which read:                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, lines 24 - 26:                                                                                                     
          Delete all material and insert:                                                                                       
          "WHEREAS each of those bodies concluded that the                                                                    
     current law enforcement and  justice systems alone have                                                                    
     been unable  to address and reduce  crime, social ills,                                                                    
     and  community  distress  adequately in  rural  Alaska;                                                                    
     and"                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     Page 3, lines 3 - 6:                                                                                                       
          Delete all material and insert:                                                                                       
          "WHEREAS, in matters of jurisdiction and the                                                                        
       delivery of justice at the local level, having the                                                                       
       state and Alaska Native tribes work together in an                                                                       
    improved   relationship    will   benefit   communities                                                                     
     throughout Alaska; and                                                                                                     
          WHEREAS clarifications in state policy will allow                                                                   
     Alaska Native tribes the jurisdictional tools to make                                                                      
     their communities safer and healthier;"                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON objected for discussion purposes.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
8:12:26 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE HUGHES  explained that  the new  language proposed                                                               
in  Amendment 1  presents a  positive relationship  as the  state                                                               
works with  the Alaska  Native tribes to  resolve the  issues and                                                               
challenges they face.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
8:13:20 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took a brief at ease.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
8:13:51 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SEATON  opined that  Amendment  1  offers a  good                                                               
tone, and thus he said he will support it.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
8:14:13 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON  [withdrew her objection.]   There being  no further                                                               
objection, Amendment 1 was adopted.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
8:14:36 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SEATON  moved  to  report CSHCR  1,  Version  29-                                                               
LS0353\H, Wallace/Martin,  2/19/15, as amended, out  of committee                                                               
with individual recommendations.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
8:15:08 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at ease from 8:15 a.m. to 8:18 a.m.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
8:18:03 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  TILTON reminded  members  that the  committee had  adopted                                                               
Version H  at its  last meeting, adopted  Amendment 1  today, and                                                               
thus far  there has been  no objection  to reporting CSHCR  1, as                                                               
amended, from committee.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:19:07 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at ease from 8:19 a.m. to 8:22 a.m.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
8:22:42 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON  reminded the committee  that there was a  motion to                                                               
report  CSHCR 1,  Version H,  as amended,  before the  committee.                                                               
She asked if there were any objections.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
8:22:54 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE REINBOLD  objected.   She then expressed  the need                                                               
for more expertise from those versed in this topic.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
8:23:12 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE DRUMMOND  pointed out  that on February  19, 2015,                                                               
the committee heard  testimony from the following  members of the                                                               
Alaska  Native  community:   Gregory  Razo,  Cook  Inlet  Region;                                                               
Veronica Slajer, North  Star Group; and Will  Mayo, Tanana Chiefs                                                               
Conference.   She opined  that there has  been plenty  of support                                                               
for HCR 1, and she suggested that it be reported from committee.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
8:23:41 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  REINBOLD expressed  the need  to ensure  that the                                                               
original intent of what the state agreed is not crossed.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:24:11 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SEATON  directed attention to the  language in the                                                               
title of Version H, which  says "Urging the Governor to establish                                                               
clear  and  consistent policies  across  all  state agencies  for                                                               
increased  collaboration  and   partnership  with  Alaska  tribal                                                               
governments".   He then  said he wasn't  sure legal  expertise is                                                               
necessary to increase collaboration  and partnerships with people                                                               
of  the  state.    He  expressed  comfort  with  the  resolution,                                                               
particularly with the amendments that have been adopted.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:24:52 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took a brief at ease.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
8:25:19 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE HUGHES acknowledged that  there were concerns with                                                               
the original  HCR 1, but  Version H removed the  resolves related                                                               
to  the proclamation  of  tribal  sovereignty, inherent  criminal                                                               
jurisdiction,  the   transfer  of   land  into  trust,   and  the                                                               
negotiation of  tribal geographical jurisdictions.   Furthermore,                                                               
the  adoption  of  Amendment  1  today  removed  any  adversarial                                                               
references and offered a positive tone.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
8:26:31 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  ORTIZ  inquired   as  to  whether  Representative                                                               
Reinbold   desires   that   the   committee   hear   from   state                                                               
representatives rather than tribal representatives.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE REINBOLD clarified that  she wanted to ensure that                                                               
the  resolution is  in complete  agreement with  the federal  and                                                               
state agreements  [of the past].   She then inquired as  to after                                                               
what HCR 1 is modeled and whether  it can be shown that the model                                                               
worked or  created more challenges.   For example,  she expressed                                                               
interest in whether a reduction  in domestic violence or cost can                                                               
be shown [under the model].                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
8:27:31 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  NAGEAK opined  that  there is  no  need to  worry                                                               
about what the  Lower 48 does, particularly since Alaska  is in a                                                               
unique  situation.   Tribes in  Alaska  are completely  different                                                               
than those in the Lower 48.   For instance, Alaska tribes have no                                                               
land base  for tribes  in Alaska  while Lower  48 tribes  do have                                                               
land  bases,  reservations.   Furthermore,  Lower  48 tribes  own                                                               
casinos  and have  the wherewithal  to do  what is  necessary for                                                               
their constituents,  while Alaska tribes don't  and they struggle                                                               
daily.    Representative Nageak  related  that  there were  other                                                               
energies that came before the  tribes were established in Alaska.                                                               
The  nonprofits/corporations have  been  established  for a  long                                                               
time  and act  as  quasi  trial organizations.    He opined  that                                                               
although tribes are trying to move forward, it's difficult.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
8:30:34 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  REINBOLD   inquired  as  to  how   the  nonprofit                                                               
corporations versus lands play into this.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  NAGEAK  explained  that  the  nonprofits  perform                                                               
other  things, such  as housing  and hospitals.   With  regard to                                                               
social  programs,  [the  nonprofit corporations]  work  with  the                                                               
[municipal  governments].    He  pointed out  that  although  the                                                               
various  entities  try  to  work   together,  they  have  various                                                               
perspectives  just  as  any  organization would.    As  with  any                                                               
organization,  when  a group  wants  to  do something  to  better                                                               
itself,  everyone  needs to  be  heard  and regional  differences                                                               
understood.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
8:32:41 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE REINBOLD  asked if  this type  of resolution/model                                                               
has  worked such  that  a reduction  in  domestic violence,  drug                                                               
abuse, and other areas of concern have resulted.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  NAGEAK  emphasized   that  for  Native  Americans                                                               
suicide, welfare,  violence, and hunger  are prevalent.   If [the                                                               
Alaska tribes and government] don't  work together, these [social                                                               
ills] will  continue.  He stressed  the need to come  together as                                                               
one  in this  state in  order  to take  care of  the problems  in                                                               
tribal Alaska.   Representative Nageak related  that the problems                                                               
happen to all  in tribal Alaska.  Working with  the state and the                                                               
federal  government has  been very  helpful, he  opined, as  it's                                                               
necessary for all  to work together to address these  issues.  He                                                               
said he didn't  want others to have  to deal with what  he had to                                                               
with  the suicide  of his  son.   Suicide happens  too often,  he                                                               
stressed.   In fact,  there was another  suicide just  last week.                                                               
With regard  to tribal governance, Representative  Nageak said it                                                               
comes from the heart.  He then  said that HCR 1 would be helpful.                                                               
He  reiterated  the need  for  Alaska  tribes, state  government,                                                               
federal  government,   nonprofits,  regional   corporations,  and                                                               
municipal  governments  to  ensure  that  Alaska  tribes  are  as                                                               
successful as possible.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
8:35:57 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE REINBOLD  asked if Representative  Nageak believes                                                               
that HCR 1 will help.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE NAGEAK characterized  HCR 1 as a  start.  Although                                                               
he  said  he  didn't  know  whether  it  will  work  or  not,  he                                                               
reiterated  the need  to try  because the  existing system  isn't                                                               
working.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:36:52 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE DRUMMOND  said that  with the knowledge  of budget                                                               
cuts,  cuts  to  public  safety, cuts  to  corrections,  and  the                                                               
inaccessibility  of  many communities  to  the  road system,  the                                                               
state  has to  do  what it  can to  allow  communities to  govern                                                               
themselves.   She then  recalled a  federal study  that chastised                                                               
Alaska with  regard to  the inadequacy of  its justice  system in                                                               
its rural communities.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
8:38:08 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TIM  CLARK,  Staff,  Representative Bryce  Edgmon,  Alaska  State                                                               
Legislature,  clarified that  although the  Indian Law  and Order                                                               
Commission created in 2010 was  reviewing Native American law and                                                               
order  issues nationwide,  it devoted  an entire  chapter of  its                                                               
final report to what it deemed as serious problems in Alaska.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
8:38:43 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE DRUMMOND  requested access  to the  statement that                                                               
says "Alaska  is dead last  in terms  of dealing with  its tribal                                                               
issues."                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MR. CLARK  pointed out that  the entire  chapter 2 of  the Indian                                                               
Law  and Order  Commission report  is included  in the  committee                                                               
packet.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
8:39:44 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE REINBOLD  restated her question  regarding whether                                                               
HCR 1  is modeled  after anything in  the Lower 48  or is  it the                                                               
first  of its  kind.    She, again,  asked  if the  collaboration                                                               
proposed in HCR 1 has worked [elsewhere].                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR.  CLARK informed  the committee  that over  the last  25 years                                                               
there have  been more than  half a dozen commissions  composed of                                                               
experts  and stakeholders  that  have reviewed  these issues  and                                                               
come to  the same conclusion  presented in the resolution.   That                                                               
is,  the   kind  of  partnership   and  collaboration   that  the                                                               
resolution asks for  as well as the increased  ability for tribes                                                               
to deliver justice  and address law and order at  the local level                                                               
has promising potential  to help improve the  situations in these                                                               
communities.   Mr.  Clark added  that he  provided Representative                                                               
Reinbold's staff an article published  this winter, following the                                                               
introduction  of the  resolution, from  the Alaska  Justice Forum                                                             
that   includes   a   survey   with  regard   to   tribal   court                                                               
effectiveness.   Although he acknowledged that  studies of tribal                                                               
court effectiveness  are limited, the article  does conclude that                                                               
outcomes in  tribal court decisions  have led to  less recidivism                                                               
and better general  outcomes in terms of  acceptance among tribal                                                               
members than  those more traditional  approaches to  the delivery                                                               
of justice.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
8:41:46 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  REINBOLD asked  if  the  sponsor has  statistical                                                               
research  that  illustrates  that   collaboration  results  in  a                                                               
reduction of social ills, such as domestic violence.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MR. CLARK answered  that the studies and  statistical analysis of                                                               
tribal courts  is very limited.   The hardest facts and  the best                                                               
numbers that  were included in  the Alaska Justice  Forum article                                                             
were regarding  recidivism rates.   He  recalled there  weren't a                                                               
great  deal  of statistics  available  regarding  an increase  or                                                               
decrease of instances in other problems in those communities.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
8:42:52 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  TILTON  reminded the  committee  that  there is  a  motion                                                               
before the committee.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
8:42:57 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE REINBOLD withdrew her objection.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
8:43:04 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
There being  no further objection, CSHCR  1, Version 29-LS0353\H,                                                               
Wallace/Martin, 2/19/15, as amended,  was reported from the House                                                               
Community and Regional Affairs Standing Committee.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
8:43:20 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at ease from 8:43 a.m. to 8:46 a.m.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
8:46:12 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE HUGHES, referring to  the last Further Resolved of                                                               
Version  H, expressed  concern with  regard  to the  cost to  the                                                               
state if the  governor directs the attorney general  to perform a                                                               
complete review  of the state's  litigation.  She noted  that she                                                               
would  speak   to  members  of   the  House   Judiciary  Standing                                                               
Committee,  the  next  committee   of  referral,  regarding  that                                                               
concern.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:47:13 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE DRUMMOND  reminded the committee of  Supreme Court                                                               
Justice  Fabe's recent  strong message  about tribal  justice and                                                               
the need  to move forward.   She recalled that the  Judiciary has                                                               
done much  work in that  area, and  therefore she opined  that it                                                               
behooves  the legislature  to move  forward  arm-in-arm with  the                                                               
Judiciary's  suggestions and  the resolution  to allow  tribes to                                                               
provide justice in remote communities.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
8:48:05 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SEATON characterized the  last Further Resolved of                                                               
Version H  as merely  legislative support  for an  initiative the                                                               
governor has already announced.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
[CSHCR 1(CRA) was reported from committee.]                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
        HJR  3-CONGRESS:NATIVE TRIBAL JURIS. & AUTHORITY                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
8:48:39 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON announced that the  final order of business would be                                                               
HOUSE  JOINT  RESOLUTION NO.  3,  Urging  members of  the  Alaska                                                               
delegation   to  the   United   States   Congress  to   introduce                                                               
substantially  similar legislation  to the  Alaska Safe  Families                                                               
and Villages  Act of 2013;  urging the United States  Congress to                                                               
affirm  the criminal  jurisdiction of  Alaska tribal  governments                                                               
over  tribal members  within the  boundaries  of their  villages;                                                               
urging  the  United States  Congress  to  cooperate with  tribes'                                                               
efforts  to  transfer  Native  land   to  trust;  and  supporting                                                               
multilateral negotiations  between tribal  governments, nontribal                                                               
municipalities,  and   the  state  and  federal   governments  to                                                               
delineate clearly tribal geographical jurisdictions.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON  reminded the  committee that  CSHJR 3,  Version 29-                                                               
LS0354\W, Wallace/Martin,  2/19/15, was  adopted at  the February                                                               
26, 2015, meeting.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
8:48:54 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE HUGHES  moved that  the committee  adopt Amendment                                                               
1, labelled 29-L0354\W.1, Martin, 3/7/15, which read:                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, lines 17 - 19:                                                                                                     
          Delete all material and insert:                                                                                       
          "WHEREAS each of those bodies concluded that the                                                                    
     current law enforcement and justice systems alone have                                                                     
     been unable to address and reduce crime, social ills,                                                                      
       and community distress adequately in rural Alaska;                                                                       
     and"                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, lines 27 - 28:                                                                                                     
          Delete all material and insert:                                                                                       
          "WHEREAS, in matters of jurisdiction and the                                                                        
     delivery  of justice  at the  local  level, having  the                                                                    
     state  and Alaska  Native tribes  work  together in  an                                                                    
     improved   relationship    will   benefit   communities                                                                    
     throughout Alaska; and"                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON objected for discussion purposes.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
8:49:02 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  HUGHES explained  that Amendment  1 to  HJR 3  is                                                               
very similar to Amendment 1 to  HCR 1 as both delete language and                                                               
replace it with language that has a positive tone.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
8:49:41 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR TILTON  [withdrew her objection].   There being  no further                                                               
objection, Amendment 1 was adopted.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
8:49:55 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SEATON  moved  to  report CSHJR  3,  Version  29-                                                               
LS0354\W, Wallace/Martin,  2/19/15, as amended, out  of committee                                                               
with  individual  recommendations.   There  being  no  objection,                                                               
CSHJR 3,  as amended, was  reported from the House  Community and                                                               
Regional Affairs Standing Committee.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
The committee took a brief at ease.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
8:50:42 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNMENT                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
There being no  further business before the  committee, the House                                                               
Community  and Regional  Affairs Standing  Committee meeting  was                                                               
adjourned at 8:50 a.m.                                                                                                          

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
CSHCR 1 Amendment H.1 PROPOSED.pdf HCRA 3/10/2015 8:00:00 AM
HCR 1
CSHJR 3 Amendment W.1 PROPOSED.pdf HCRA 3/10/2015 8:00:00 AM
HJR 3
HB 104 Draft Committee Substitute, Version W.pdf HCRA 3/10/2015 8:00:00 AM
HB 104