Legislature(2019 - 2020)SENATE FINANCE 532


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11:19:09 AM Start
11:20:08 AM Joint Armed Services Committee Presentations:
01:04:28 PM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
-- Please Note Time Change --
+ Presentations by: TELECONFERENCED
-Brigadier General Torrence Saxe, The Adjutant
General, Alaska National Guard, Commissioner,
Alaska Dept. of Military & Veterans' Affairs
- Colonel Cory Mendenhall, Representing the
Lieutenant General, Alaska North American
Aerospace Defense Region, Alaskan Command,
Eleventh Air Force
- Colonel Adam Lange, representing the
Commanding General, U.S. Army Alaska
-Rear Admiral Matthew Bell, Commander,
Seventeenth U.S. Coast Guard District
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
                 JOINT ARMED SERVICES COMMITTEE                                                                               
                          May 9, 2019                                                                                           
                           11:19 a.m.                                                                                           
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
Senator Mike Shower, Co-Chair                                                                                                   
Representative Geran Tarr, Co-Chair                                                                                             
Senator Lora Reinbold                                                                                                           
Senator Shelley Hughes                                                                                                          
Senator Mia Costello                                                                                                            
Senator Scott Kawasaki                                                                                                          
Representative Josh Revak                                                                                                       
Representative Laddie Shaw                                                                                                      
Representative Ivy Spohnholz                                                                                                    
PUBLIC MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                        
Colonel Tim Jones - retired - Fairbanks                                                                                         
Brigadier General Julio "Randy" Banez - retired - Fairbanks                                                                     
Commander James Chase - retired - Anchorage                                                                                     
Nelson N. Angapak, Sr., Anchorage                                                                                               
Colonel Robert Doehl - retired - Anchorage                                                                                      
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
Representative Chris Tuck                                                                                                       
OTHER LEGISLATORS PRESENT                                                                                                     
Representative Sara Rasmussen                                                                                                   
Representative Gabrielle LeDoux                                                                                                 
Representative Sharon Jackson                                                                                                   
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
ARMED SERVICES PRESENTATIONS                                                                                                    
- Brigadier General Torrence Saxe, Adjutant General, Alaska                                                                     
National Guard; Commissioner, Alaska Department of Military &                                                                   
Veterans' Affairs                                                                                                               
- Colonel Cory Mendenhall, representing Lieutenant General                                                                      
Thomas Bussiere, Alaska North American Aerospace Defense Region,                                                                
Alaska Command, Eleventh Air Force                                                                                              
-  Colonel  Adam  Lange, representing  Commanding  General  Major                                                               
General Mark O'Neal, U.S. Army Alaska                                                                                           
- Rear Admiral Mathew Bell,  Commander, Seventeenth District U.S.                                                               
Coast Guard                                                                                                                     
     - HEARD                                                                                                                    
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
No previous action to record                                                                                                    
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
BRIGADIER GENERAL TORRENCE SAXE, Adjutant General                                                                               
Alaska National Guard; Commissioner                                                                                             
Military & Veterans Affairs                                                                                                     
Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson (JBER), Alaska                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Delivered a  presentation on  the Department                                                             
of Military and Veterans Affairs.                                                                                               
COLONEL CORY MENDENHALL, Chief of Staff/Executive Director                                                                      
Alaskan Command (ALCOM) &                                                                                                       
Alaskan North American Air Defense (NORAD) Region                                                                               
Eleventh Air Force                                                                                                              
Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson (JBER), Alaska                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT: Delivered  a Command  Overview Briefing  for                                                             
COLONEL ADAM LANGE, representing Major General Mark O'Neil                                                                      
U.S. Army, Alaska (USARAK)                                                                                                      
Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson (JBER), Alaska                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:  Delivered  a  presentation  titled  "United                                                             
States Army Alaska".                                                                                                            
REAR ADMIRAL MATTHEW T. BELL, Commander                                                                                         
U.S. Coast Guard Seventeenth District (USCG)                                                                                    
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT: Delivered an update  for the U.S. Coast Guard                                                             
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
11:19:09 AM                                                                                                                   
CO-CHAIR  GERAN TARR  called the  Joint Armed  Services Committee                                                             
meeting to order at 11:19 a.m.  Present at the call to order were                                                               
Senators  Reinbold,  Hughes,  Costello,  Kawasaki,  and  Co-chair                                                               
Shower; and  Representatives Revak, Shaw, and  Co-chair Tarr. The                                                               
public  members present  were retired  Colonel  Tim Jones,  Julio                                                               
"Randy"  Banez, Commander  James Chase,  Nelson N.  Angapak, Sr.,                                                               
and retired Colonel Robert Doehl.                                                                                               
^Joint Armed Services Committee Presentations:                                                                                
         Joint Armed Services Committee Presentations:                                                                      
11:20:08 AM                                                                                                                   
CO-CHAIR TARR provided introductory remarks.                                                                                    
11:21:07 AM                                                                                                                   
SENATOR COSTELLO  said she  is a committee  member for  the Joint                                                               
Armed  Services  Committee  (JASC), representing  District  K  in                                                               
11:21:18 AM                                                                                                                   
TIM  JONES  said  he  is  a JASC  public  committee  member  from                                                               
Fairbanks. He  added that  he spent  27 years  in the  U.S. Army,                                                               
retiring as a colonel out of Fort Wainwright.                                                                                   
11:21:27 AM                                                                                                                   
JIM  CHASE  said  he  is  a  JASC  public  committee  member.  He                                                               
disclosed  that he  was  a  commodore for  the  U.S. Coast  Guard                                                               
Auxiliary in Alaska and has been an Alaskan citizen since 1969.                                                                 
11:21:46 AM                                                                                                                   
SENATOR   KAWASAKI  said   he  is   a   JASC  committee   member,                                                               
representing Fairbanks and Fort Wainwright.                                                                                     
11:21:53 AM                                                                                                                   
JULIO "RANDY"  BANEZ said he  is a JASC public  committee member.                                                               
He noted that  he retired from the Alaska Army  National Guard as                                                               
11:22:04 AM                                                                                                                   
SENATOR   REINBOLD  said   she  is   a  JASC   committee  member,                                                               
representing Chugiak, Eagle River, and part of JBER.                                                                            
11:22:13 AM                                                                                                                   
REPRESENTATIVE  SHAW   said  he  is  a   JASC  committee  member,                                                               
representing  District  26.  He  added  that  he  served  in  the                                                               
military for 24 years including service as a U.S. Navy SEAL.                                                                    
11:22:23 AM                                                                                                                   
ROBERT  DOEHL said  he  is  a JASC  public  committee member.  He                                                               
detailed that he  a retired colonel from the  Alaska Air National                                                               
11:22:32 AM                                                                                                                   
SENATOR HUGHES said she is  a JASC committee member, representing                                                               
District F  for Chugiak  and Palmer.  She added  that she  is the                                                               
wife of  a Vietnam veteran  and has  a son currently  deployed in                                                               
the Middle East as a C-130 pilot.                                                                                               
11:22:47 AM                                                                                                                   
NELSON  ANGAPAK said  he is  a JASC  public committee  member. He                                                               
detailed that  he retired from  the Alaska Federation  of Natives                                                               
(AFN) and is a retired veteran.                                                                                                 
11:23:02 AM                                                                                                                   
REPRESENTATIVE  REVAK  said  he   is  a  JASC  committee  member,                                                               
representing  District 25.  He disclosed  that he  served in  the                                                               
U.S. Army.                                                                                                                      
11:23:27 AM                                                                                                                   
CO-CHAIR SHOWER said  he is a JASC committee  member. He detailed                                                               
that he served  in the U.S. Air Force for  24 years. He explained                                                               
that  the  committee  meeting provides  an  opportunity  to  tell                                                               
Alaskans  what is  going on  in  the state,  to communicate  with                                                               
military representatives,  and to  identify things that  might be                                                               
11:24:21 AM                                                                                                                   
CO-CHAIR TARR said  she is a JASC  committee member, representing                                                               
District 19 in Anchorage that shares a border with JBER.                                                                        
11:24:38 AM                                                                                                                   
REPRESENTATIVE RASMUSSEN joined the JASC meeting.                                                                               
CO-CHAIR  SHOWER announced  that the  JASC will  first hear  from                                                               
Brigadier General  Torrence Saxe, the adjutant  general (TAG) for                                                               
the Alaska  National Guard. He  explained that  Brigadier General                                                               
Saxe  ensures that  more than  4,000 U.S.  Army and  Air National                                                               
Guard members are organized, trained,  and equipped to respond to                                                               
both state and federal taskings.  He noted that Brigadier General                                                               
Saxe has  commanded at  every echelon and  was most  recently the                                                               
assistant  adjutant general  and  commander of  the Air  National                                                               
Guard. He asked  that Brigadier General Saxe  introduce the armed                                                               
services presenters.                                                                                                            
11:25:18 AM                                                                                                                   
BRIGADIER  GENERAL   TORRENCE  SAXE,  Adjutant   General,  Alaska                                                               
National  Guard;   Commissioner,  Military  &   Veterans  Affairs                                                               
(DMVA),   Joint   Base   Elmendorf-Richardson   (JBER),   Alaska,                                                               
introduced the armed services presenters as follows:                                                                            
   • Colonel Mendenhall representing Alaskan Command (ALCOM),                                                                   
     Alaskan  North  American  Aerospace Defense  Command  Region                                                               
     (NORAD),  Eleventh Air  Force  headquartered  at Joint  Base                                                               
     Elmendorf-Richardson (JBER).                                                                                               
   • Colonel Adam Lange, Deputy Commander, Sustainment, U.S.                                                                    
     Army  Alaska   (USARAK),  Joint   Base  Elmendorf-Richardson                                                               
   • Rear Admiral Matthew T. Bell, 17th District Commander, U.S.                                                                
     Coast Guard (USCG).                                                                                                        
   • Brigadier General Torrence Saxe, DMVA, Alaska National                                                                     
     Guard,  Alaska  Air  National Guard,  Alaska  Army  National                                                               
     Guard,  Alaska  National  Guard  Joint  Staff,  Division  of                                                               
     Homeland  Security  and  Emergency Management,  Division  of                                                               
     Administrative Services, Office  of Veterans Affairs, Alaska                                                               
     Military Youth Academy, and the Alaska State Defense Force.                                                                
He emphasized that the presentation addresses "Team Alaska".                                                                    
11:25:44 AM                                                                                                                   
COLONEL CORY  MENDENHALL, Chief of  Staff for  Lieutenant General                                                               
Thomas Bussiere, Alaskan Command  (ALCOM); Alaskan North American                                                               
Aerospace  Defense  Command(NORAD)  Region; Eleventh  Air  Force,                                                               
Joint   Base  Elmendorf-Richardson   (JBER),  Alaska,   said  his                                                               
overview  is  on  behalf of  his  commander,  Lieutenant  General                                                               
Thomas A. Bussiere, who is unable to attend the meeting.                                                                        
He explained that ALCOM represents  all services: Army, Navy, Air                                                               
Force, and Marines.  He said if Lieutenant  General Bussiere were                                                               
in attendance he  would want to express his  appreciation for the                                                               
legislative support as well as  the support from the governor and                                                               
the civic  leaders in  the communities  in Alaska  where military                                                               
families live.  He emphasized  that ALCOM  could not  execute its                                                               
day-to-day  mission  without  its exceptional  support  from  its                                                               
mission  partners,  the  Alaska  National Guard,  the  U.S.  Army                                                               
Alaska,  the  U.S. Coast  Guard,  and  the command's  interagency                                                               
He addressed the agenda for his briefing as follows:                                                                            
   • Strategic significance of Alaska.                                                                                          
   • Combined headquarters.                                                                                                     
   • Our mission.                                                                                                               
   • The Arctic.                                                                                                                
   • Two-year outlook.                                                                                                          
   • Military operations and construction in Alaska.                                                                            
   • Key takeaways.                                                                                                             
11:27:52 AM                                                                                                                   
COLONEL MENDENHALL addressed "Alaska  is the most strategic place                                                               
in the world" and summarized  that Alaska's geography is vital to                                                               
the  country's national  security and  its critical  location for                                                               
homeland defense and  power projection for U.S.  forces. He noted                                                               
that  Alaska is  within  nine hours  from  the world's  following                                                               
major  hubs: Moscow,  Berlin, Washington  D.C., Honolulu,  Tokyo,                                                               
Seoul, and Beijing.                                                                                                             
He said with  the advancement in modern  aircraft technology like                                                               
the  F-22  and the  F-35,  Alaska's  strategic location  will  be                                                               
emphasized on  the globe. Additionally, the  importance of Alaska                                                               
to the country  will continue to grow as the  Arctic evolves with                                                               
increased human activity.                                                                                                       
He explained the "Combined Headquarters" in Alaska as follows:                                                                  
   • Alaskan NORAD Region Bi-National Command:                                                                                  
        o U.S. and Canada.                                                                                                      
        o Maintains readiness to conduct a continuum of air                                                                     
          space control missions that includes:                                                                                 
             square4 Daily air sovereignty and active air defense                                                               
               against manned and unmanned airborne targets in a                                                                
               time of crisis.                                                                                                  
             square4 Mission executed 24 hours a day, every day of the                                                          
   • Alaskan Command (ALCOM):                                                                                                   
        o Conducts homeland defense and support to civilians and                                                                
          authorities within the Alaska area to defend the                                                                      
          United States.                                                                                                        
        o Provide support in a time of crisis.                                                                                  
   • Eleventh Air Force:                                                                                                        
        o Provides dedicated, organized, and equipped forces to                                                                 
          project   combat   airpower   and   strategic   airlift                                                               
   • Primary Mission Partners:                                                                                                  
        o U.S. Army Alaska(USARAK).                                                                                             
        o U.S. Coast Guard District 17(USCG D17).                                                                               
        o National Guard (Alaska/Hawaii/Guam).                                                                                  
        o Reserves (Alaska).                                                                                                    
        o Federal and State Interagencies.                                                                                      
11:30:02 AM                                                                                                                   
COLONEL MENDENHALL addressed "Homeland Defense" as follows:                                                                     
   • Number-one priority: "No fail mission".                                                                                    
   • Must be prepared for two possible scenarios:                                                                               
        o In the Arctic,                                                                                                        
        o Through the Arctic.                                                                                                   
   • Strong defense partnership between U.S. and Canada is                                                                      
   • Bottom line: "Alaska is our watch."                                                                                        
He  addressed "Defense  Support of  Civil Authorities  (DSCA)" as                                                               
   • Command and control.                                                                                                       
   • Deployable communications.                                                                                                 
   • Overland search and rescue coordination.                                                                                   
   • Disaster response/request for assistance:                                                                                  
        o Federal and state partnerships.                                                                                       
        o Support to the State of Alaska.                                                                                       
He  explained that  state government  plays the  primary role  of                                                               
implementing and  facilitating local  efforts before,  during and                                                               
after incidents from their  emergency management agencies, Alaska                                                               
State Troopers, health agencies,  and the National Guard. Federal                                                               
assistance  through the  Stafford Act  can be  provided when  the                                                               
governor  of  Alaska  requests   assistance  for  a  presidential                                                               
declaration  of  an  emergency,   state,  or  local  capabilities                                                               
exceeded, or  on behalf of  the impacted tribal  government. What                                                               
is important to  know is the Federal  Emergency Management Agency                                                               
(FEMA) has  an area office  in the Anchorage Federal  Building to                                                               
serve as  a forward field  office for pre-disaster  readiness and                                                               
planning.  Civil support  preparedness is  part of  ALCOM's daily                                                               
focus.   ALCOM  knows   that  Alaska   relies  on   the  military                                                               
capabilities  and  resources  more   than  other  states  due  to                                                               
Alaska's  geography; therefore,  federal  and state  partnerships                                                               
within  and out  of Alaska  are more  critical in  order to  meet                                                               
requests of  state authorities. ALCOM provides  disaster response                                                               
via  command  and  control,  and  of  active  duty  military  and                                                               
federalized national  guard forces, deployable  communication and                                                               
resources expertise,  overland search and rescue  coordination as                                                               
well as personnel as part of the Alaska FEMA support team.                                                                      
11:32:07 AM                                                                                                                   
COLONEL MENDENHALL addressed "Arctic trends" as follows:                                                                        
   • Melting ice.                                                                                                               
   • Competition for natural resources.                                                                                         
   • Increased Russian military activity.                                                                                       
   • Chinese influence.                                                                                                         
He referenced a NASA video  that depicts declining Arctic sea ice                                                               
from 1979 through 2016, averaging  13-percent decline per decade.                                                               
Arctic sea ice  covered 7 million square kilometers  in 1979, 4.6                                                               
million square kilometers in September  2018. The thicker "multi-                                                               
year" ice  now covers  less than  33 percent  of the  Arctic. The                                                               
reduction in sea  ice enables an increase in  human activity that                                                               
sets Alaska for discussions regarding the future of the Arctic.                                                                 
He addressed "Alaska as an Arctic nation" as follows:                                                                           
   • Alaska makes the United States an Arctic nation.                                                                           
   • Reduction in Arctic sea ice enables transit through the                                                                    
     northern sea routes.                                                                                                       
   • Ships sailing from South Korea to Germany via traditional                                                                  
     routes takes 34 to 46 days, the northern sea route reduces                                                                 
     the time to 23 days.                                                                                                       
   • Increasing interest in natural resources and commercial                                                                    
     fisheries has increased the potential for tension and                                                                      
     conflict in the region.                                                                                                    
   • The Russian military has increased their military activity                                                                 
     and installation footprint as a result of the receding sea                                                                 
        o The Arctic is a large contributor to the Russian GDP.                                                                 
        o In the Arctic, Russia has:                                                                                            
             square4 14 operational airfields,                                                                                  
             square4 16 deep water ports,                                                                                       
         square4 40 icebreakers with 11 in development,                                                                         
             square4 Many installations revitalized from Soviet Union                                                           
             square4 ALCOM closely monitors Russian activity daily.                                                             
He addressed responsibilities for "USNORTHCOM lead for Arctic                                                                   
affairs" as follows:                                                                                                            
   • Arctic capability advocate.                                                                                                
   • Maintain academia and private sector relationships.                                                                        
   • University of Alaska academic support.                                                                                     
   • Arctic Domain and Security Orientation course.                                                                             
   • Maintain critical relationships with indigenous peoples.                                                                   
   • Military exercises in support of NORAD and USNORTHCOM.                                                                     
COLONEL  MENDENHALL said  in a  desire for  the Arctic  to remain                                                               
secure and stable in the  region, General Terrence O'Shaughnessy,                                                               
Commander  for  U.S.  Northern  Command  (USNORTHCOM),  signed  a                                                               
memorandum on  March 11 designating Lieutenant  General Thomas A.                                                               
Bussiere as USNORTHCOM's  lead for Arctic affairs.  While the new                                                               
designation does not provide  additional explicit authorities, it                                                               
does imply  new responsibilities for  task and  direction liaison                                                               
authority  in order  to meet  the  USNORTHCOM commander's  Arctic                                                               
line of effort. Engaging  international and interagency partners,                                                               
including  geographical   [inaudible]  commanders   to  determine                                                               
Arctic-related  mission requirements  while gradually  increasing                                                               
the department's domain  awareness in the Arctic, was  one of the                                                               
key  tasks  as well  as  establishing  an Arctic  synchronization                                                               
forum  and  executing an  Arctic  symposium  series to  ensure  a                                                               
"whole  of  government  approach"  with  respect  to  efforts  on                                                               
defense, security,  and safety in  the Arctic. He noted  that the                                                               
next  Arctic   symposium  is  scheduled  for   November  2019  in                                                               
11:34:43 AM                                                                                                                   
REPRESENTATIVE SPOHNHOLZ joined the committee meeting.                                                                          
COLONEL  MENDENHALL highlighted  ALCOM's  "two-year outlook"  for                                                               
major initiatives, exercises and operations as follows:                                                                         
   • The Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex (JPARC):                                                                            
        o Largest and absolute best training range in the U.S.                                                                  
          and arguably world:                                                                                                   
             square4 Size of Indiana.                                                                                           
             square4 Six times the size of the next largest one, the                                                            
               Nevada Test and Training Range in Nellis Air                                                                     
               Force Base.                                                                                                      
        o Hosts year-round exercises in readiness training in                                                                   
          air, land, and maritime domains.                                                                                      
        o Provides the space for demonstrating the capabilities                                                                 
          for the most advanced military systems like the F-22,                                                                 
          F-35, and the multi-launch rocket system.                                                                             
        o Continued JPARC support is vital to ensure the                                                                        
          military remains trained and ready.                                                                                   
   • Red Flag Alaska:                                                                                                           
        o Held three to four times a year at Eielson and JBER.                                                                  
        o Large force simulated combat flying exercise:                                                                         
             square4 2018:                                                                                                      
                  • Participants from 16 international partners                                                                 
                   that was very successful.                                                                                    
   • Arctic Edge:                                                                                                               
        o Homeland defense exercise for 2019.                                                                                   
        o 2020:                                                                                                                 
             square4 USNORTHCOM designed to practice the military's                                                             
               ability to deploy and operate in the Arctic.                                                                     
        o Primarily    focused     on    improving    operational                                                               
          capabilities    that    support    domain    awareness,                                                               
          communications,    infrastructure,   and    sustainable                                                               
          presence in the Arctic.                                                                                               
        o The  outcomes will  help  the  military to  effectively                                                               
          collaborate with other combative commands like Indo-                                                                  
          Pacific Command and European Command, and military                                                                    
          services to access current and future needs.                                                                          
        o Could  not have  occurred  without the  support of  the                                                               
          Arctic Slope Regional Corporation.                                                                                    
        o U.S. Marine  Corp (USMC) and  U.S. Navy  (USN) training                                                               
          in Alaska:                                                                                                            
             square4 Growing interest in conducting operations in                                                               
             square4 500 sailors are expected to participate in the                                                             
               next Arctic Edge.                                                                                                
             square4 A battalion-sized force of marines is expected to                                                          
               conduct off-shipboard operations on to land as                                                                   
               part of the exercise.                                                                                            
   • Fifty USMC planners in headquarters at JBER are looking at                                                                 
     a new exercise on Adak and in Cordova:                                                                                     
        o Not  part  of  Northern   Edge  but  will  test  Arctic                                                               
        o Expeditionary   capability   exercise  that   will   be                                                               
          conducted in September 2019.                                                                                          
        o Four ships  will partake off  the waters of  Alaska for                                                               
          exercises to test logistic capabilities.                                                                              
11:39:13 AM                                                                                                                   
COLONEL MENDENHALL addressed military construction by the                                                                       
Department of Defense (DOD) in Alaska as follows:                                                                               
   • Eielson Air Force Base:                                                                                                    
        o 2017:                                                                                                                 
             square4 Construction began in preparation for the 2020                                                             
               arrival of F-35 aircraft.                                                                                        
             square4 By 2022 there will be 3,500 more personnel and a                                                           
               total of 54 F-35 aircraft, resulting in 100                                                                      
               fifth-generation stealth fighters, more than any                                                                 
               other place in the world.                                                                                        
        o Current spending in preparation for the F-35:                                                                         
             square4 $453 million:                                                                                              
                  • Beddown facilities and infrastructure.                                                                      
        o FY2019-FY2024 spending:                                                                                               
             square4 $145 million:                                                                                              
                  • F-35 beddown facilities and repair center,                                                                  
                    heat and power boilers.                                                                                     
   • Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson:                                                                                           
        o FY2019-FY2024:                                                                                                        
             square4 Extend runway 16/34.                                                                                       
             square4 Repair alert hangar.                                                                                       
             square4 Testing new agile combat deployment concept:                                                               
                  • Uses a small cadre of F-22 and F-17 aircraft                                                                
                       o Self-contained mission planning,                                                                       
                       o Munitions,                                                                                             
                       o Fuel,                                                                                                  
                      o Logistic support.                                                                                       
                  • Allows for temporary aircraft dispersement.                                                                 
                  • Concept will be tested in Galena and King                                                                   
        o $74 million in earthquake damage that occurred                                                                        
          November 2018:                                                                                                        
             square4 FY2019: $22.5 million in scheduled project                                                                 
   • Clear Air Force Station:                                                                                                   
        o Current:                                                                                                              
             square4 $40 million:                                                                                               
                  • Fire station and power plant fuel storage.                                                                  
        o FY2019-FY2024:                                                                                                        
             square4 $128 million:                                                                                              
                  • Consolidated   engineer/security     forces                                                                 
                    complex and dormitory.                                                                                      
   • Long Range Radar Sites:                                                                                                    
        o Air Force investing $7.5 million in environmental                                                                     
          restoration across Alaska.                                                                                            
        o Air Force plans on investing $22 million in FY2019 in                                                                 
          environmental restoration.                                                                                            
11:42:23 AM                                                                                                                   
COLONEL MENDENHALL addressed "take away" as follows:                                                                            
 • Homeland defense is Alaskan Command's number-one priority:                                                                   
        o Alaskan-based forces are ready to deploy and fight in                                                                 
          response to any regional threat.                                                                                      
   • Alaska is the perfect strategic power  projection location                                                                 
     for air and ground military forces.                                                                                        
   • As key terrain in the  Arctic changes  and human  activity                                                                 
     increases, Alaskan Command must anticipate and outpace                                                                     
     evolving threats:                                                                                                          
        o Remain committed to working with alleys and partners                                                                  
          to promote a balanced approach to improving security                                                                  
          in the Arctic.                                                                                                        
   • The JPARC is the DOD's  premier training  area for  joint,                                                                 
     coalition, and partner nations' forces:                                                                                    
        o Offers a world-class training environment.                                                                            
        o Provides high altitude, extreme cold, simultaneous                                                                    
          air, ground, and naval joint operations challenge that                                                                
          is needed to train troops to be the best in the world.                                                                
   • Alaskan support for  U.S.  military  service  members  and                                                                 
     families is second to none.                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  SHOWER asked  Colonel Mendenhall  if there  is anything                                                               
that the  State of  Alaska can  do to be  more helpful.  He noted                                                               
that his question  ranges from changes in  the Arctic, deep-water                                                               
port studies, all the way  to supporting veterans. He pointed out                                                               
that Alaska has the largest veteran community in the nation.                                                                    
11:44:28 AM                                                                                                                   
COLONEL MENDENHALL  replied that Alaska  does a lot for  the U.S.                                                               
military.  He  said  the  continued  support  of  the  military's                                                               
ability to train in Alaska and  off its shores is critical to the                                                               
nation's defense. He reiterated Alaska's importance as follows:                                                                 
   • JPARC's ability to train like no other place in  the world                                                                 
     is critical for the military's readiness.                                                                                  
   • Focus in the Arctic cannot be understated.                                                                                 
   • USNORTHCOM's commander made several comments recently about                                                                
     the Arctic and his concern about the Arctic, hence the                                                                     
     reason for the new designation as the lead for Arctic                                                                      
   • Working with Alaska natives  on  what  they know  will  be                                                                 
     important for U.S. military forces.                                                                                        
CO-CHAIR  SHOWER  noted that  on  the  previous day,  the  Senate                                                               
Transportation Committee  addressed a  proposed Alaska  rail spur                                                               
that goes the  rest of the way down through  Delta to Fort Greely                                                               
and its ballistic missile defense  base. He asked how important a                                                               
rail spur and a deep-water port would be for moving supplies.                                                                   
COLONEL MENDENHALL  replied that ALCOM is  familiar with Alaska's                                                               
logistic  challenges  where  the  railroad is  limited,  but  the                                                               
state's deep-water  ports are sufficient for  moving supplies. He                                                               
added that  he was not familiar  with the proposed rail  spur and                                                               
suggested that the  question be addressed to  the Missile Defense                                                               
Agency (MDA).                                                                                                                   
11:48:41 AM                                                                                                                   
CO-CHAIR  SHOWER recognized  that  Representative  LeDoux was  in                                                               
He detailed  that the proposed  rail spur would connect  the from                                                               
Fairbanks  all the  way  through Fort  Greely  and the  ballistic                                                               
defense base. He said the  legislature is looking at a resolution                                                               
to have a rail spur that  would connect Alaska through Canada and                                                               
the Lower 48 for another mode of supply transportation.                                                                         
REPRESENTATIVE REVAK asked  how a railway connected  to the Lower                                                               
48 would  impact Arctic training opportunities  and operations in                                                               
COLONEL MENDENHALL  answered that railway connected  to the Lower                                                               
48 would provide options; however,  not having a railway from the                                                               
Lower 48 to Alaska would not prevent Arctic training in Alaska.                                                                 
CO-CHAIR  TARR   addressed  projects   in  the   Fairbanks  area,                                                               
specifically the central heat and  power plant boilers at Eielson                                                               
Air Force  Base. She  asked if there  are any  energy integration                                                               
partnership opportunities for the Fairbanks area.                                                                               
COLONEL MENDENHALL  answered that he  must defer the  question to                                                               
the Eleventh Air Force at Eielson.                                                                                              
11:51:26 AM                                                                                                                   
SENATOR HUGHES asked if there  is anything the Alaska Legislature                                                               
can do  to urge Congress  to be  more aggressive with  Russia and                                                               
China in the Arctic waters.                                                                                                     
COLONEL MENDENHALL  answered that he  must defer the  question to                                                               
Admiral Bell from the USCG.                                                                                                     
REPRESENTATIVE   SPOHNHOLZ  said   she  is   curious  about   the                                                               
   • The infrastructure needed to support the military in                                                                       
   • The Port of Alaska's role in supporting the military's                                                                     
   • The Port of Alaska's role in supporting the Eielson Air                                                                    
     Force Base's expansion.                                                                                                    
   • The Port of Alaska's designation as a military strategic                                                                   
     defense port.                                                                                                              
COLONEL MENDENHALL  answered that  ALCOM supports the  port being                                                               
fixed or  upgraded in  addition to a  need for  oversight. Twenty                                                               
percent  of the  military's  goods for  military operations  come                                                               
through  the Port  of  Alaska. Approximately  90  percent of  all                                                               
goods for Alaska  comes through the Port of Alaska.  For the most                                                               
part, the  military does  everything it can  to support  what the                                                               
state wants to do with the Port of Alaska.                                                                                      
11:54:15 AM                                                                                                                   
REPRESENTATIVE  SPOHNHOLZ noted  that one  of questions  has been                                                               
related to the  additional price tag for the Port  of Alaska that                                                               
comes along  with it being  designated as the  military strategic                                                               
defense  port.  She  asked  Colonel  Mendenhall  to  address  the                                                               
funding required for the port's military designation.                                                                           
COLONEL MENDENHALL replied  that ALCOM is aware  of the estimated                                                               
cost  to fix  the  Port  of Alaska.  He  asked if  Representative                                                               
Spohnholz was asking if the DOD  should offset some of the port's                                                               
repair costs.                                                                                                                   
REPRESENTATIVE  SPOHNHOLZ answered  no.  She  specified that  her                                                               
question  was more  related  to the  $250  million in  additional                                                               
costs associated with being a military strategic defense port.                                                                  
COLONEL MENDENHALL replied  that he did not know  about the added                                                               
cost  for the  Port of  Alaska. He  said just  like the  railroad                                                               
coming  from  the Lower  48,  providing  the military  with  more                                                               
options to train and project  force across the Pacific and Arctic                                                               
is beneficial.                                                                                                                  
REPRESENTATIVE SPOHNHOLZ conceded that  there still is discussion                                                               
at  the federal  level  about whether  there  is federal  funding                                                               
available to  the Port of Alaska.  She pointed out that  the port                                                               
is relevant  for the  military in supplying  fuel, and  goods and                                                               
services  to support  military bases  in  Alaska. She  emphasized                                                               
that the  discussion about the Port  of Alaska is not  just about                                                               
civilian  and  commercial  needs,   but  military  readiness  and                                                               
security as well.                                                                                                               
11:57:02 AM                                                                                                                   
COLONEL  MENDENHALL concurred  and  emphasized that  the Port  of                                                               
Alaska  is  important  to  ALCOM;  however, the  port  is  not  a                                                               
limiting factor for the military to  execute it mission in a time                                                               
of war.                                                                                                                         
CO-CHAIR SHOWER  asked Colonel Mendenhall  to address  the growth                                                               
of the ballistic missile defense  base as well as Kodiak's launch                                                               
complex. He noted that the  Kodiak launch base is generating more                                                               
on the civilian  side; however, he pointed out  that the facility                                                               
matters  to  the  nation  due  to its  ability  for  polar  orbit                                                               
COLONEL MENDENHALL suggested that  Co-chair Shower's questions be                                                               
directed to the MDA and the USCG.                                                                                               
CO-CHAIR SHOWER  noted that his  intent was to address  a broader                                                               
perspective  to  let  people know  about  the  ballistic  missile                                                               
defense base and Kodiak's launch complex.                                                                                       
COLONEL  MENDENHALL  remarked  that  the  U.S.  is  no  longer  a                                                               
sanctuary and  Alaska is vital as  the first line of  defense for                                                               
the Arctic and North America.                                                                                                   
12:00:14 PM                                                                                                                   
COLONEL  ADAM LANGE,  Deputy  Commander,  Sustainment, U.S.  Army                                                               
Alaska (USARAK), Joint  Base Elmendorf-Richardson (JBER), Alaska,                                                               
delivered a  presentation titled "United States  Army Alaska". He                                                               
thanked the committee  for the opportunity to speak  on behalf of                                                               
the  commanding general  for USARAK,  Major General  Mark O'Neal,                                                               
the  11,000  "Arctic  Warriors"   and  their  families,  and  the                                                               
civilians  that support  USARAK.  He added  that  he thanked  the                                                               
committee to able to publicly  say "thank you" to the surrounding                                                               
communities that  USARAK calls home  in Alaska. He  remarked that                                                               
Alaska communities outside of JBER  are quick to welcome soldiers                                                               
and their families with open arms when they arrive in Alaska.                                                                   
He  noted that  USARAK's motto  is "Arctic  tough", a  motto that                                                               
describes  the   application  of   the  warrior  ethos   and  the                                                               
profession of arms to the  unique and challenging environments of                                                               
Alaska.  The motto  also  serves  as an  expression  of the  U.S.                                                               
Army's partnership with Alaska.                                                                                                 
He  pointed out  that  a paratrooper  photo  in his  presentation                                                               
illustrated  the  "Arctic  tough"  motto.  The  photo  shows  the                                                               
paratroopers from the  4th Infantry Brigade Combat  Team which is                                                               
the only  extreme cold  weather trained  airborne brigade  in the                                                               
DOD. He said  the photo shows the brigade  conducting an airborne                                                               
operation at  the Donnelly  Training Area  near Fort  Greely. The                                                               
photo is  representative of a  day-in-the-life of  USARAK, "24/7"                                                               
for  all  seasons.  He  emphasized  that  readiness  is  USARAK's                                                               
number-one  priority for  the units  stationed  in Alaska,  units                                                               
that are uniquely postured to generate and sustain readiness.                                                                   
COLONEL  LANGE  said  the combination  of  world  class  training                                                               
facilities,  the  opportunity  to leverage  joint-force  training                                                               
exercises,  and the  strategic reach  for  deploying forces  from                                                               
Alaska serve  to make  the state a  premier location  for USARAK.                                                               
Alaska's location in turn helps  to ensure that USARAK's soldiers                                                               
and units  are ready to  deploy, fight,  and win anywhere  in the                                                               
world.  USARAK says,  "If  you can  do  it here,  you  can do  it                                                               
anywhere in  any environment, regardless  of where we  are called                                                               
on to deploy."                                                                                                                  
12:02:56 PM                                                                                                                   
He said  USARAK's mission  is to provide  for "trained  and ready                                                               
forces" in  support of worldwide  unified land  operations, being                                                               
prepared to protect the homeland,  and to provide defense support                                                               
to  civil  authorities  in  the  event  of  a  natural  disaster.                                                               
USARAK's  broad  mission  includes supporting  U.S.  Indo-Pacific                                                               
Command,  U.S.  Army Pacific,  partnering  with  U.S. allied  and                                                               
partner nations,  those particularly with Arctic  or extreme cold                                                               
weather   capabilities,   and    sustaining   and   strengthening                                                               
interagency relationships.                                                                                                      
He  said for  USARAK to  do  its mission  there are  an array  of                                                               
forces assigned to resource through  America's First Corps, which                                                               
is located at  Joint Base Lewis McChord in  Washington state, and                                                               
U.S. Army  Pacific in  Hawaii; those  represent the  USARAK's two                                                               
senior  higher-level headquarters  in  its chain  of command.  He                                                               
explained that  for operations and  training related  to homeland                                                               
defense  and  defense  support civil  authorities,  USARAK  works                                                               
through ALCOM to ensure readiness to support to ALCOM in Alaska.                                                                
He  explained that  the footprint  for USARAK  is challenging  in                                                               
Alaska. USARAK  is bifurcated by  the Alaska Range  and separated                                                               
by  350 miles.  USARAK has  combat power  at both  JBER and  Fort                                                               
Wainwright.  USARAK also  operates  a third  location  as a  very                                                               
important training center. The forces  assigned to USARAK include                                                               
the 4th Infantry  Brigade Combat Team (Airborne) at  JBER and the                                                               
1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team  stationed at Fort Wainwright. In                                                               
addition to the 1st Stryker  Brigade at Fort Wainwright, the base                                                               
is also home to  aviation battalions: First Attack Reconnaissance                                                               
Battalion of the 25th Aviation  Regimen, which is assigned to the                                                               
25th  Infantry Division;  and the  1st  General Support  Aviation                                                               
Battalion, 52nd  Aviation Regiment  assigned to the  7th Infantry                                                               
Division  at  Joint Base  Lewis  McChord;  however, both  of  the                                                               
battalions provides direct support to USARAK's formations.                                                                      
COLONEL  LANGE explained  that to  help sustain  the U.S.  Army's                                                               
Alaska-based  force,   the  USARAK  also  has   the  17th  Combat                                                               
Sustainment Support Battalion which  is headquartered at JBER and                                                               
split  at Fort  Wainwright. The  17th Combat  Sustainment Support                                                               
Battalion  provides  logistics  and sustainment  support  to  all                                                               
USARAK units north and south of the Alaska Range.                                                                               
He detailed that USARAK's third  location is the Northern Warfare                                                               
Training Center (WTC)  at the Black Rapids  Training Site located                                                               
near  Fort  Greely.  WTC  is  the  U.S.  Army's  center  for  the                                                               
development   of  extreme   cold  weather   tactics,  techniques,                                                               
procedures, and instruction. The Black  Rapids Training Site is a                                                               
valuable training  and testing  center that  is available  to the                                                               
total  force   to  increase  extreme  cold   weather  operational                                                               
12:05:46 PM                                                                                                                   
He  addressed  "Home  Station  Training",  noting  that  USARAK's                                                               
number-one  priority  is  readiness,   a  priority  that  entails                                                               
generating   trained  and   combat  ready,   dependable,  rapidly                                                               
deployable  formations  made up  of  skilled,  tough, alert,  and                                                               
adaptive warriors.  To sustain focus  on readiness,  USARAK plans                                                               
and   executes  a   demanding  training   schedule  centered   on                                                               
collective training  events that  employ combined  arms maneuver.                                                               
The training events are enabled by JPARC.                                                                                       
He detailed that  USARAK trains to be prepared to  respond to any                                                               
crisis  or contingency  the  nation calls  upon;  in Alaska  that                                                               
means training  to sustain the  ability to conduct  combined arms                                                               
maneuver as unified land operations,  but there is a component of                                                               
support  to civil  authorities in  defense of  the homeland  from                                                               
Alaska. The 7.2  earthquake that occurred in November  2018 was a                                                               
potent reminder of  how important it is for  USARAK to strengthen                                                               
its  interagency   relationships  which   are  so   important  in                                                               
responding to major crisis.                                                                                                     
He detailed USARAK's training exercises as follows:                                                                             
   • Arctic Anvil 19:                                                                                                           
        o October 2019;                                                                                                         
        o JPARC;                                                                                                                
        o Annual exercise to prepare Brigade Combat Teams to                                                                    
          succeed during Combat Training Center rotation;                                                                       
        o Focuses on readiness for worldwide deployment.                                                                        
   • Courage Ready:                                                                                                             
        o January 2019;                                                                                                         
        o JPARC;                                                                                                                
        o Emergency  Readiness  Deployment  Exercises  hosted  by                                                               
          America's First Corps as part of the U.S. Army's                                                                      
          readiness model.                                                                                                      
   • Spartan Pegasus:                                                                                                           
        o March 2019;                                                                                                           
        o Deadhorse, Alaska;                                                                                                    
        o Homeland Defense/Defense  Support of  Civil Authorities                                                               
          exercise focused on Arctic Operations to test on                                                                      
          thriving in the Arctic;                                                                                               
        o Rotates yearly  between the  two Alaska  Brigade Combat                                                               
        o Example of joint and interagency cooperation.                                                                         
   • Alaska Shield:                                                                                                             
        o April 2019;                                                                                                           
        o Alaska;                                                                                                               
        o State of Alaska disaster response exercise;                                                                           
        o Exercises   USARAK's    Defense   Support    of   Civil                                                               
          Authorities response capabilities;                                                                                    
        o Example of joint and interagency cooperation.                                                                         
   • Northern Edge 19:                                                                                                          
        o May 2019;                                                                                                             
        o JPARC;                                                                                                                
        o Biennial  INDO-PACOM  exercise   focused  on  improving                                                               
          future application of combat operations and weapon                                                                    
   • Arctic Aurora:                                                                                                             
        o May 2019;                                                                                                             
        o JPARC;                                                                                                                
        o Annual  bi-lateral exercise  with  the Japanese  Ground                                                               
          Self Defense Force;                                                                                                   
        o Strengthens solider and  unit relationships with allied                                                               
          forces and supports interoperability in the Pacific.                                                                  
COLONEL LANGE  emphasized that all the  previously noted training                                                               
is made possible  by the infrastructure made  available at JPARC,                                                               
a world class training environment  that enables realistic, large                                                               
scale, force-on-force training so  important to building adaptive                                                               
leaders  and ready  units.  He concurred  with  U.S. Senator  Dan                                                               
Sullivan's proclamation  that, "JPARC is  the crown jewel  of the                                                               
Department of Defense training  environment." USARAK's units know                                                               
JPARC is  a world  class training environment,  they do  not take                                                               
the  center  for  granted,  and they  seek  to  maximize  JPARC's                                                               
training benefits every time they go out and exercise their unit                                                                
12:09:32 PM                                                                                                                   
COLONEL LANGE referenced "1/25 Stryker Combat Team National                                                                     
Training Center Rotation" as follows:                                                                                           
   • Over 42,000 soldiers from 1/25 SBCT deployed to the                                                                        
     National Training Center (NTC), Fort Irwin, California in                                                                  
     February 2019.                                                                                                             
   • NTC tested the 1/25 SBCT's combat readiness to be globally                                                                 
     deployable and regionally engaged.                                                                                         
   • The 1/25 SBCT, joined by "Airmen and Marines", totaled over                                                                
     6,000 personnel.                                                                                                           
   • The 72nd Tank Brigade of the Japanese Ground Self Defense                                                                  
     Force (JGSDF) also participated in the training to                                                                         
     strengthen the bilateral partnership.                                                                                      
   • SBCT's skills will soon be put to good use at their                                                                        
     upcoming deployment to Iraq.                                                                                               
He addressed "Globally Responsive and Regionally Engaged" in his                                                                
presentation for upcoming events as follows:                                                                                    
   • Deployments:                                                                                                               
        o Operation Inherent Resolve 1/25 Stryker BCT:                                                                          
             square4 Iraq;                                                                                                      
             square4 September 2019.                                                                                            
   • Exercises:                                                                                                                 
        o Iceman 2019:                                                                                                          
         square4 Bilateral training event with Canada;                                                                          
             square4 Quebec, Canada;                                                                                            
             square4 February 2019.                                                                                             
        o Land Force Talks:                                                                                                     
             square4 Mongolia;                                                                                                  
             square4 April-May 2019.                                                                                            
       o Joint Warfighter Assessment 19.1/Bayonet Focus:                                                                        
             square4 Joint Base Lewis-McChord.                                                                                  
             square4 April-May 2019.                                                                                            
        o Arctic Aurora:                                                                                                        
             square4 Japanese Ground Self Defense Force.                                                                        
             square4 JPARC.                                                                                                     
             square4 May-June 2019.                                                                                             
        o Arctic Anvil:                                                                                                         
             square4 Camp Shelby, Mississippi.                                                                                  
             square4 September-October 2019.                                                                                    
   • Combat Training Center Rotation:                                                                                           
        o 4/25 IBCT (Airborne):                                                                                                 
             square4 Fort Polk, Louisiana.                                                                                      
             square4 January 2020.                                                                                              
COLONEL LANGE said  the "Artic tough, Arctic  warriors" of USARAK                                                               
remains  hard at  work building  readiness  while supporting  the                                                               
nation across the globe from  Alaska. He reiterated that USARAK's                                                               
readiness is  its mission, calling  and duty. He  emphasized that                                                               
Alaska  provides an  ideal  training environment,  opportunities,                                                               
and support that cannot be matched.                                                                                             
12:13:40 PM                                                                                                                   
CO-CHAIR  SHOWER recognized  that  Representative  Jackson is  in                                                               
SENATOR KAWASAKI  said his co-chair colleagues  have been working                                                               
diligently on  suicide prevention  across Alaska. He  pointed out                                                               
that the total  number of veterans who die per  day is 22, noting                                                               
that those  who have served  in the  armed services are  twice as                                                               
likely to commit  suicide. He recalled that  Major General O'Neal                                                               
opened  an inquiry  and deployed  a  team at  Fort Wainwright  to                                                               
discuss suicides.  He asked if  there has  been an update  on the                                                               
noted suicide study.                                                                                                            
COLONEL LANGE  explained that  in April  there was  a team  of 15                                                               
that was  formed out  of the Army  Surgeon General's  office. The                                                               
team is comprised of medical  providers, clinical social workers,                                                               
and epidemiologists.  The team  came together  under the  name of                                                               
the   "Epicon   Team",    which   stands   for   "epidemiological                                                               
consultation"  team.  Epicon  conducted interviews  and  executed                                                               
over 50  focus group  engagements with a  wide range  of military                                                               
members,  information that  Epicon is  parsing through.  A survey                                                               
will be conducted  for the forces at Fort  Wainwright. A mid-term                                                               
review  from Epicon  is expected  by  October 2019  with a  final                                                               
report due January 2020.                                                                                                        
SENATOR KAWASAKI responded that  Major General O'Neal's attention                                                               
to   detail  is   appreciated.  He   said  whatever   the  Alaska                                                               
Legislature does, suicide prevention is important.                                                                              
12:16:15 PM                                                                                                                   
REPRESENTATIVE REVAK asked if the  proposed rail connection would                                                               
benefit USARAK's training or opportunities in Alaska.                                                                           
COLONEL LANGE answered yes. He said  a rail line would be helpful                                                               
for moving  large equipment  at Fort Wainwright.  He said  a rail                                                               
line  is  not  a  requirement,  but  given  the  extreme  weather                                                               
conditions, having another option would be of utility.                                                                          
CO-CHAIR  SHOWER  noted that  there  has  been an  issue  getting                                                               
access to  the training land due  to a bridge. He  asked if there                                                               
are  any access  issues specifically  related to  the state  that                                                               
USARAK would need help with for training requirements.                                                                          
COLONEL LANGE  answered that  he is  not aware  of issues  at the                                                               
USARAK level. He surmised that there  may be some issues that are                                                               
being worked on by the installation team at Fort Wainwright.                                                                    
MR.  JONES asked  Colonel Land  if  USARAK supports  the Port  of                                                               
Alaska's  importance in  supporting its  operations, specifically                                                               
the 25th Stryker Brigade.                                                                                                       
COLONEL LANGE answered that the  Port of Alaska is very important                                                               
to  USARAK  for  moving  heavy  vehicles,  fuel,  and  logistical                                                               
BRIGADIER GENERAL SAXE announced  that the next presentation will                                                               
be  from Rear  Admiral Bell  with the  Seventeenth District  U.S.                                                               
Coast Guard.                                                                                                                    
12:19:02 PM                                                                                                                   
REAR  ADMIRAL  MATTHEW  BELL, District  Commander,  United  State                                                               
Coast   Guard  (USCG)   Seventeenth  District,   Juneau,  Alaska,                                                               
delivered a  USCG update for  forces across Alaska.  He explained                                                               
that he  is one of  four district  commanders that report  to the                                                               
USCG  Pacific Area  Commander,  Vice Admiral  Linda  L. Fagan  in                                                               
Alameda, California.                                                                                                            
He addressed "Coast Guard Missions" as follows:                                                                                 
   • Prevention:                                                                                                                
        o Commercial vessel safety and security.                                                                                
        o Waterfront facility safety and security.                                                                              
        o Aids to navigation and waterway management.                                                                           
        o Icebreaking.                                                                                                          
        o Boating safety.                                                                                                       
   • Response:                                                                                                                  
        o Search and rescue.                                                                                                    
        o Oil and chemical spill response.                                                                                      
        o Law Enforcement:                                                                                                      
             square4 Fisheries,                                                                                                 
             square4 Drugs,                                                                                                     
             square4 Migrants.                                                                                                  
        o Defense operations.                                                                                                   
        o Boarder and port security.                                                                                            
COMMANDER  BELL summarized  that the  USCG serves  and safeguards                                                               
the public, protects the maritime  environment and its resources,                                                               
and defends the nation's interest  in the Alaska maritime region;                                                               
in a state  as vast as Alaska,  the USCG cannot do  that alone so                                                               
the  USCG  works closely  with  its  federal, state,  local,  and                                                               
native  partners  as  well through  transparent  engagement  with                                                               
industry, nongovernmental, and private  organizations to meet the                                                               
diverse  needs  of  the  maritime public  across  all  of  USCG's                                                               
statutory missions.                                                                                                             
He said the USCG's missions  fall predominantly in the prevention                                                               
and response  side. He remarked, "If  it is happening on  or near                                                               
the water, the  U.S. Coast Guard is engaged and  engaged often as                                                               
Alaska is a maritime state." He  noted a recent search and rescue                                                               
that occurred  in the Sitka  area where crew members  were forced                                                               
to abandon the vessel Masonic.                                                                                                  
He addressed USGA activities in Alaska as follows:                                                                              
   • Outer continental shelf drilling in the Arctic has come and                                                                
     gone and may come back again.                                                                                              
   • Cruise ship activity in the Arctic started in 2016.                                                                        
   • A widened Panama Canal has brought new and larger cruise                                                                   
     ships to Alaska.                                                                                                           
   • USGA's commandant presented an "Arctic Strategic Outlook"                                                                  
     where Alaska and the Arctic are center stage with focus on:                                                                
        o Enhanced capability to operate effectively in a                                                                       
          dynamic Arctic.                                                                                                       
        o Strengthen the "rules-based order".                                                                                   
        o Innovate and adapt to promote resilience and                                                                          
   • Protect living marine resources:                                                                                           
        o Ensure the both the safety and sustainability of the                                                                  
          $6 billion industry.                                                                                                  
        o Work closely with federal and state partners to                                                                       
          conduct fisheries boardings at the dockside, inshore,                                                                 
          and the nation's exclusive economic zone.                                                                             
        o Alaska has a sustainable fisheries program because of                                                                 
          all the participants are fulfilling their important                                                                   
          roles in the active management of those resources.                                                                    
He  addressed USGC's  international  activities  in the  northern                                                               
Pacific as follows:                                                                                                             
   • Works closely with  northern Pacific  countries  such  as:                                                                 
     Russia, China, Japan, South Korea, and Canada.                                                                             
   • Conducts joint patrols and law  enforcement activities  to                                                                 
     enforce  treaties  designed   to  protect  highly  migratory                                                               
     fisheries  such  as  salmon from  illegal,  unreported,  and                                                               
     unregulated fishing on the high seas.                                                                                      
   • Despite heightened global tensions, cooperation amongst the                                                                
     northern  Pacific countries  remains  strong  and the  joint                                                               
     efforts have reduced overfishing in the region:                                                                            
        o Noted the seizure of the Run Da fishing vessel for                                                                    
          illegal fishing.                                                                                                      
12:22:37 PM                                                                                                                   
COMMANDER BELL addressed "Coast Guard Forces Stationed in                                                                       
Alaska" as follows:                                                                                                             
   • USCG's 17th District includes the  entire State  of Alaska                                                                 
     and its 44,000 miles of shoreline.                                                                                         
   • Area of responsibility encompasses nearly 4 million square                                                                 
     miles of ocean.                                                                                                            
   • USCG looks to  best  position   its  finite  resources  to                                                                 
     effectively meet mission demand.                                                                                           
   • USCG performs its statutory missions throughout Alaska with                                                                
     a  force  of  2,500   active  duty  civilian,  reserve,  and                                                               
     auxiliary members.                                                                                                         
   • 2,800 dependents provide support to half of  the uniformed                                                                 
     USCG members.                                                                                                              
He addressed "Cruise Ship Traffic for 2019" as follows:                                                                         
   • Cruise ships bring a valuable set of  visitors, resources,                                                                 
     and revenue to the state.                                                                                                  
   • Cruise ships present the highest risk for  mass operations                                                                 
     in Alaska, especially in southeast Alaska.                                                                                 
   • Up to  22  individual  cruise  ships   executing  multiple                                                                 
     itineraries in  southeast Alaska  at any given  time between                                                               
     April and September.                                                                                                       
   • Six very large  cruise ships  carrying  upwards  of  5,000                                                                 
     passengers will visit  Alaska in 2019, up from  2 vessels in                                                               
   • Approximately 1.4 million tourists will visit Alaska on 34                                                                 
     different cruise ships  calling to Alaska over  500 times in                                                               
12:24:33 PM                                                                                                                   
COMMANDER BELL addressed "Fuel Storage Facility Inspections" as                                                                 
   • USCG partnerships are important to accomplish its in-the-                                                                  
     field prevention portfolio mission.                                                                                        
   • USCG would prefer spending more time preventing casualties                                                                 
     than responding to them.                                                                                                   
   • Protecting Alaska's valuable marine resources and pristine                                                                 
     environment relies on a robust system to prevent, and when                                                                 
     necessary, respond to oil and chemical spills.                                                                             
   • USCG is the federal lead for spill response in Alaska's                                                                    
     coastal zones and works together with state and local                                                                      
     counterparts to manage activities through:                                                                                 
        o Oil response planning,                                                                                                
        o Training and exercises,                                                                                               
        o Certification of oil response organizations,                                                                          
        o On-scene oversight of spills when they occur.                                                                         
   • USCG Sector Anchorage has lead on the Maritime Safety Task                                                                 
     Force (MSTF) Initiative:                                                                                                   
        o New "hub and spoke" mode using multi-mission teams to                                                                 
          reach facilities in the remote regions of the state to                                                                
          conduct statutory inspections.                                                                                        
        o USCG's goal is to inspect all USCG regulated                                                                          
          facilities over the next three to five years and                                                                      
          create a baseline assessment of facility compliance:                                                                  
             square4 360 out of 394 facilities are not accessible via                                                           
               the road system.                                                                                                 
             square4 Facility infrastructure is aging, and oil spill                                                            
               response is extremely expensive:                                                                                 
                  • For example, $9 million was expended on a                                                                   
                    3,000-gallon heavy oil spill in a remote                                                                    
                    part of Kodiak within the last year.                                                                        
He addressed "Forward Operating Locations" as follows:                                                                          
   • USCG conducts missions across Alaska all year with a                                                                       
     seasonal search to Arctic regions for vessel and facility                                                                  
     inspections in the ice-free months.                                                                                        
   • To achieve the highest state of readiness during the more                                                                  
     active seasons, USCG stands up three different Aviation                                                                    
     Support Facilities (AVSUPFAC):                                                                                             
        1. Cordova:                                                                                                             
         square4 Stands up from May 1 to September 30.                                                                          
             square4 Single H-60 helicopter.                                                                                    
             square4 Stands in Bravo-2 status.                                                                                  
        2. Kotzebue:                                                                                                            
             square4 Stands up from July 1 to October 31.                                                                       
             square4 Two H-60 helicopters.                                                                                      
             square4 Stands in Bravo-2 status.                                                                                  
        3. Cold Bay and St. Paul:                                                                                               
             square4 Stands up a readiness status in support during                                                             
               the crab season:                                                                                                 
                  • King crab: October through November.                                                                        
                  • Opilio crab: January through March.                                                                         
             square4 Single H-60 helicopter.                                                                                    
             square4 Stands at Bravo-2 status.                                                                                  
12:27:04 PM                                                                                                                   
COMMANDER BELL addressed  "New Coast Guard Assets  for Alaska" as                                                               
   • C-130 J's.                                                                                                                 
   • Fast response cutters.                                                                                                     
   • Offshore patrol cutters.                                                                                                   
   • Buoy tenders.                                                                                                              
   • Polar Security Cutters.                                                                                                    
   • Unmanned aerial systems.                                                                                                   
He  noted  that  the  commandant  of the  USCG  is  committed  to                                                               
ensuring that USCG maintains its  operational excellence and that                                                               
the branch is prepared to operate  in an opening Arctic. The USCG                                                               
is excited  about the changes  in capabilities that  have already                                                               
arrived in Alaska  and looking forward to those  that will arrive                                                               
in the next  few years; for instance, USCG  Cutter Kukui replaced                                                               
the USCG Cutter Maple in Sitka  in 2018, the USCG Cutter Sycamore                                                               
is in the yards in Baltimore,  which will be replaced by the USCG                                                               
Cutter Fir in Cordova in the fall of 2019.                                                                                      
He  detailed that  the USCG's  fast response  cutters (FCR),  two                                                               
have already been  deployed in Ketchikan with  four more expected                                                               
over  the next  four  to  six years  with  deployments in  Sitka,                                                               
Seward, and  Kodiak. Two  additional FCRs  will be  positioned in                                                               
Juneau and Petersburg by 2022.                                                                                                  
He noted that  the USCG's C-130-J transition  in Kodiak continues                                                               
to progress,  the USCG  has three of  the fixed-wing  aircraft in                                                               
Kodiak with two additional aircraft expected by fall of 2019.                                                                   
He said  the next class  of cutters, the offshore  patrol cutters                                                               
(OPC), will be home-ported in  Kodiak by 2023-2024, replacing the                                                               
Douglas Monroe  and the Alex  Haley. The  first two OPCs  will be                                                               
deployed in Long Beach, California.                                                                                             
COMMANDER  BELL remarked  that the  Polar  Security Cutter  (PSC)                                                               
program has  been making  the news of  late. The  USCG commandant                                                               
has  gone out  with a  strategy of  "6-3-1", he  wants six  PSCs:                                                               
three heavy, three  medium and "he wants one now!"  USCG has just                                                               
awarded the  PSC contract for the  first PSC to VT  Halter Marine                                                               
(VTHM)  in   Pascagoula,  Mississippi.  VTHM  should   start  PSC                                                               
construction  by  the later  part  of  2020  with the  first  PSC                                                               
delivered in FY2024. The first  PSC will likely replace the Polar                                                               
Star which does  the resupply mission in  Antarctica. Alaska will                                                               
likely see the first PSC in 2024-2025.                                                                                          
He said unmanned  aerial systems continues to  be a technological                                                               
advancement  that the  USCG is  taking advantage  of. The  USCG's                                                               
national security cutter (NSC) Stratton  will test and deploy the                                                               
ScanEagle unmanned aerial system in the Arctic.                                                                                 
12:30:02 PM                                                                                                                   
He addressed "Pelagic Strike/Alaska Shield" as follows:                                                                         
   • USCG participated in state-wide Alaska Shield Full Scale                                                                   
   • USCG Marine Security Response Team West (MSRT-W) deployable                                                                
     specialized force conducted hook and climb and simulated                                                                   
     counter-terrorism operations. Participants included:                                                                       
        o City of Cordova,                                                                                                      
        o Alaska State Troopers,                                                                                                
        o Civil Air Patrol,                                                                                                     
        o U.S. Forest Service,                                                                                                  
        o FBI,                                                                                                                  
        o Cordova Volunteer Fire Department,                                                                                    
        o Cordova Amateur Radio Club,                                                                                           
        o Alaska Department of Public Health,                                                                                   
        o NOAA- NWS,                                                                                                            
        o NORTHCOM, TRANSCOM, ALCOM.                                                                                            
He said  the cooperation and  partnerships the USCG has  with its                                                               
DOD  components is  phenomenal. USCG  has a  robust training  and                                                               
exercise schedule  that keeps the  branch engaged  and connected.                                                               
The best example is the  recently completed Alaska Shield, a tri-                                                               
annual,  state  sponsored  exercise. USCG  conducted  a  "pelagic                                                               
strike  counter-terrorism" exercise  in  conjunction with  Alaska                                                               
Shield  19 to  meet  its shared  preparedness objectives.  Alaska                                                               
Shield  19  tested the  USCG's  ability  to mobilize  specialized                                                               
forces to Alaska in response  to a terrorism or homeland security                                                               
threat on  a vessel. Approximately 70  maritime security response                                                               
team  personnel deployed  their small  boats and  other equipment                                                               
from home base in San Diego  via strategic airlift to Alaska that                                                               
was  provided by  NORTHCOM and  ALCOM. The  City of  Cordova, the                                                               
State  of  Alaska Division  of  Homeland  Security and  Emergency                                                               
Management, State DOT, and the  Alaska Marine Highway System, and                                                               
other state and federal agencies,  were integral to Alaska Shield                                                               
19's planning.                                                                                                                  
COMMANDER BELL  added that  superior teamwork  and communications                                                               
were required within  the past summer to  support Operation Talon                                                               
Archer with the  U.S. Air Force. Operation  Talon Archer included                                                               
work between  the U.S. Geological  Survey, the FAA, the  Fish and                                                               
Wildlife  Service, and  DOD  personnel to  help  install a  NORAD                                                               
NORTHCOM sponsored early warning  system in Aleutian Island chain                                                               
which  increased Alaska's  Maritime  Domain  Awareness (MDA)  and                                                               
tested the heavy lift helicopter capability over water.                                                                         
12:31:39 PM                                                                                                                   
He addressed "Anchorage Earthquake" as follows:                                                                                 
   • USCG priorities:                                                                                                           
        o 100-percent accountability of USCG members and                                                                        
             square4 Achieved.                                                                                                  
   • Safety of life, search and rescue (SAR):                                                                                   
        o Shifted airborne C-130 to SAR mission.                                                                                
        o Immediate launch six aircraft.                                                                                        
        o Sector   Juneau   assumed    Sector   Anchorage's   SAR                                                               
   • Port assessment and recovery:                                                                                              
        o Sector coordinated with port partners.                                                                                
        o USCG LNOs deployed to SEOC and FEMA RRCC.                                                                             
He  said  following  a  major   incident,  USCG  17th  District's                                                               
immediate priorities  include accountability of USCG  members and                                                               
their families, search and rescue,  safety of life, and assessing                                                               
and mitigating  any impacts to the  marine transportation system.                                                               
Interagency training  and relationships established prior  to the                                                               
earthquake incident were essential  to effective coordination and                                                               
communications,  including the  State Emergency  Operation Center                                                               
(SEOC)  and  the  Federal   Emergency  Management  Agency  (FEMA)                                                               
Regional  Response   Coordination  Center  (RRCC)   training  and                                                               
exercises,  the Alaska  National "Earth  Ex" from  November 2018,                                                               
the  recent  NORTHCOM-FEMA transportation  feasibility  analysis,                                                               
USCG's  regional  interagency  steering  committee  meetings  and                                                               
working  groups,  periodic  Alaska ESF  and  interagency  partner                                                               
meetings which  is lead by  FEMA Region 10, and  participation in                                                               
the  ALCOM-DOD  training  and   exercises  including  the  annual                                                               
Vigilant Shield  exercises, defense support of  civil authorities                                                               
trainings,  and the  "joint logistics  over the  shoulder" (JLOT)                                                               
12:33:01 PM                                                                                                                   
CO-CHAIR SHOWER  asked Commander  Bell to  confirm that  the USCG                                                               
said  during  the  previous  year's   meeting  that  "1.5"  Polar                                                               
Security Cutters would be considered.                                                                                           
COMMANDER  BELL answered  "technically, yes".  He explained  that                                                               
the Polar  Star, the  single heavy  icebreaker, goes  south every                                                               
year  and  the Cutter  Healy,  a  medium class  research  vessel,                                                               
applies to the Arctic.                                                                                                          
MR. ANGAPAK pointed out that  Alaska has the longest coastline in                                                               
the U.S.  and asked  Commander Bell  how the  state can  get more                                                               
COMMANDER BELL answered that the  USCG commandant just rolled out                                                               
the USCG's  "Arctic Strategic Outlook"  that provides  insight as                                                               
to his  thinking and the direction  that the USCG is  going to go                                                               
from homeland defense and  security perspective. Increased Arctic                                                               
capability is a  component that will be rolled out  over the next                                                               
10  to 15  years.  The USCG  is addressing  the  interim for  the                                                               
SENATOR HUGHES  asked Commander Bell what  the Alaska Legislature                                                               
can  do  to  address  with  the  federal  government  the  USCG's                                                               
resources in  the Arctic, especially  due to Chinese  and Russian                                                               
COMMANDER BELL  emphasized that the  Arctic is a  "U.S. interest"                                                               
and not just an "Alaska  interest". He reiterated that funding is                                                               
going towards the PSC program.                                                                                                  
12:37:47 PM                                                                                                                   
CO-CHAIR  TARR  noted that  the  joint  committee does  not  have                                                               
representation  from coastal  community legislators.  She thanked                                                               
the  USCG  on behalf  of  Alaska's  coastal communities  for  the                                                               
safety that they provide.                                                                                                       
CO-CHAIR SHOWER concurred  that the U.S. is behind  in the Arctic                                                               
and other countries are taking  advantage of it. He conceded that                                                               
there is  not much the  state can do. He  noted that the  USCG is                                                               
"incredibly  stretched" for  the resources  they have  been given                                                               
and he wants to  make sure that the state is  doing what it needs                                                               
to do.                                                                                                                          
SENATOR  KAWASAKI   addressed  "graywater"  and  noted   that  in                                                               
September 2018 there  was a graywater spill of  26,000 gallons in                                                               
Glacier Bay  by the Westerdam  that was not self-reported  to the                                                               
USCG as per federal and  international law. He noted that Holland                                                               
America was fined $250.                                                                                                         
COMMANDER  BELL answered  that the  $250 fine  was from  the U.S.                                                               
Forest  Service. He  said he  was  going to  hold off  additional                                                               
details for the  graywater incident until the  USCG has concluded                                                               
its  investigation. He  conceded that  there has  been a  problem                                                               
across the  cruise line industry,  noting that Carnival  has been                                                               
called out a couple of times for previous incidences.                                                                           
12:40:29 PM                                                                                                                   
BRIGADIER  GENERAL   TORRENCE  SAXE,  Adjutant   General,  Alaska                                                               
National Guard; Commissioner, Military  & Veterans Affairs, Joint                                                               
Base   Elmendorf-Richardson    (JBER),   Alaska,    delivered   a                                                               
presentation on the Department of  Military and Veterans Affairs.                                                               
He  addressed  an  earlier  question  on  the  Ballistic  Missile                                                               
Defense System  (BMDS) and noted  the system's  locale importance                                                               
due to Alaska's broader surface area versus other places.                                                                       
He said  as part  of DOD  with a state  and federal  emphasis, he                                                               
would address  three points  regarding his  new role  as adjutant                                                               
general as follows:                                                                                                             
   1. Focus on state operations:                                                                                                
        • Ongoing study on every airfield in the state:                                                                         
              o Make sure that the Alaska National Guard knows                                                                  
               how to get to airfields and determine the means                                                                  
               to standup to whatever is needed.                                                                                
   2. People are the most important asset:                                                                                      
        • Rural engagement:                                                                                                     
              o Alaska National Guard is too concentrated in                                                                    
               Anchorage and Fairbanks.                                                                                         
              o Alaska National Guard should reflect Alaska in                                                                  
               places that the Alaska National Guard should be                                                                  
              o Recruiting should occur in Alaska's native areas.                                                               
        • No room for toxic leadership:                                                                                         
              o Define what that really means.                                                                                  
              o Have  responsibility   and   authority   at   the                                                               
               appropriate level by "pushing down the authority                                                                 
               to the appropriate level".                                                                                       
   3. Future missions and assets:                                                                                               
        • "Guard owned iron":                                                                                                   
              o Partnership at JBER with the 11th Air Force.                                                                    
              o New models for HC-130J aircraft.                                                                                
             o No longer have the HC-130H aircraft.                                                                             
        • Association with "active duty":                                                                                       
              o Should KC-46 aircraft refueling go to Eielson.                                                                  
              o Small role at Eielson when F-35 aircraft are                                                                    
              o Involvement with Clear Air Force Station when a                                                                 
               Long Range Discrimination Radar is installed.                                                                    
12:46:03 PM                                                                                                                   
BRIGADIER GENERAL SAXE addressed  "National Guard End State, Team                                                               
Alaska" as follows:                                                                                                             
   • Team Alaska: Empowered professionals, dual mission, and                                                                    
     future focused.                                                                                                            
He  explained that  as  a dual-status  commander  for the  Alaska                                                               
Guard  includes  a huge  contingency  role  for events  like  the                                                               
recent earthquake where traffic was  directed both on a state and                                                               
federal  level; training  is  required to  properly  do that.  He                                                               
emphasized that, "To defend Alaska you have got to know Alaska."                                                                
He noted that the Alaska  National Guard has gone completely from                                                               
a  strategic  reserve to  an  operational  component. The  Alaska                                                               
National Guard  has a connection  with active duty and  acting as                                                               
an independent entity is long gone.                                                                                             
He addressed the Alaska Air National Guard as follows:                                                                          
   • C-17 association and HC-130 upgrade:                                                                                       
        o Alaska Guard "owns the iron".                                                                                         
        o Alaska Guard has a high retention rate as opposed to                                                                  
          active duty counterparts.                                                                                             
   • Six deployments to 14 countries.                                                                                           
   • Search and rescue.                                                                                                         
   • Poised for Space National Guard:                                                                                           
        o Alaska is one of eight states to have a space mission.                                                                
        o Air traffic control for space.                                                                                        
12:49:26 PM                                                                                                                   
BRIGADIER GENERAL SAXE addressed the Alaska Army National Guard                                                                 
as follows:                                                                                                                     
   • Recruiting and retention:                                                                                                  
        o Recruiting and retention is up.                                                                                       
        o Intent is to "go outside of the road system" to                                                                       
          recruit and communicate.                                                                                              
   • Increased deployments:                                                                                                     
       o U.S. Army is more operational within the Guard.                                                                        
   • Aviation upgrade:                                                                                                          
        o Adding to helicopter inventory with Dakota and Chinook                                                                
        o Help with federal and state deployments, including                                                                    
          fighting fires.                                                                                                       
He addressed the Alaska National Guard Joint Staff as follows:                                                                  
   • Domestic operations focus, natural disasters:                                                                              
        o Recent earthquake got everyone's attention.                                                                           
        o Dramatic shift to domestic response and natural                                                                       
   • Mongolia State Partnership Program:                                                                                        
        o Strategic locale partnership.                                                                                         
   • Exercise Arctic Eagle/Alaska Shield.                                                                                       
He addressed the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency                                                                    
Management as part of the DMVA and detailed as follows:                                                                         
   • Cook Inlet earthquake response.                                                                                            
   • Yukon-Tanana-Koyukuk rural resilience workshop.                                                                            
   • Cyber emphasis.                                                                                                            
12:52:51 PM                                                                                                                   
He addressed the Division of Administrative Services regarding                                                                  
"state versus federal dollar amounts". He said DMVA receives                                                                    
some state funding and detailed as follows:                                                                                     
   • FY2016 Operating Budget Impact:                                                                                            
        o State General Fund Dollars Spent:                                                                                     
             square4 $16.3 million.                                                                                             
        o Federal dollars Received:                                                                                             
             square4 $618.6 million.                                                                                            
   • FY2017 Operating Budget Impact:                                                                                            
        o State General Fund Dollars Spent:                                                                                     
             square4 $15.9 million.                                                                                             
        o Federal dollars Received:                                                                                             
             square4 $744.0 million.                                                                                            
   • FY2018 Operating Budget Impact:                                                                                            
        o State General Fund Dollars Spent:                                                                                     
             square4 $15.3 million.                                                                                             
        o Federal dollars Received:                                                                                             
             square4 $792.1 million.                                                                                            
BRIGADIER GENERAL  SAXE addressed the Office  of Veterans Affairs                                                               
as follows:                                                                                                                     
   • Outreach to all veterans of any era.                                                                                       
   • Assisted record 68,828 Alaskans.                                                                                           
   • $600 million in federal benefits dispersed.                                                                                
He addressed the Alaska Military Youth Academy as follow:                                                                       
   • Recent class graduated 156 cadets.                                                                                         
   • 70 cadets awarded GEDs.                                                                                                    
   • 11 cadets awarded high school diplomas.                                                                                    
He  noted that  his wife  sponsored  two cadets.  The academy  is                                                               
"life changing", classes  continue to grow, and his  intent is to                                                               
keep the program going.                                                                                                         
He addressed the Alaska State Defense Force as follows:                                                                         
   • Alaska National Guard "force enabler".                                                                                     
   • Constabulary effort.                                                                                                       
   • End strength up 76 to 130-plus.                                                                                            
He said  his intent is  to get up  to "Arctic Strategy"  level by                                                               
increasing the force to 500 people.                                                                                             
12:56:17 PM                                                                                                                   
MR. ANGAPAK  asked Brigadier General  Saxe to  address assistance                                                               
for personnel transitioning from  overseas deployment to civilian                                                               
life, especially those living in rural Alaska.                                                                                  
BRIGADIER  GENERAL SAXE  concurred  with  the previous  testimony                                                               
regarding suicide statistics. He opined  that suicide is the most                                                               
unfortunate death  because it is  an act of desperation.  He said                                                               
he tells  people to say something  if somebody is not  acting the                                                               
same. He emphasized that the Alaska Guard has access to official                                                                
programs to provide assistance.                                                                                                 
CO-CHAIR SHOWER noted that his son served two tours in Iraq as a                                                                
Marine and that half of the men in his platoons have committed                                                                  
suicide since their return.                                                                                                     
1:00:03 PM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE SHAW said he has worked with Representative Tarr                                                                 
on "recognizing someone of value", Kirk Alkire, a constituent of                                                                
Senator Reinbold. He continued as follows:                                                                                      
     Today I would  like to ask my  fellow committee members                                                                    
     to  join me  in signing  a letter  of appreciation  and                                                                    
     recognition of Kirk Alkire.                                                                                                
     Kirk is a  retired first sergeant who  served his final                                                                    
     tour of  duty with 4th Brigade  Combat Team (Airborne),                                                                    
     25th Infantry Division, also known  as the "4-2-5". His                                                                    
     last deployment in  Iraq in 2007 became  a change point                                                                    
     in  his  20-year  Army  career.  During  that  15-month                                                                    
     deployment of  the "4-2-5", 53 soldiers  were killed in                                                                    
     action,  including 4  from his  artillery regime.  Kirk                                                                    
     carries those  53 dog  tags, one for  each of  those 53                                                                    
     soldiers  as  a  reminder  of  the  sacrifice  for  our                                                                    
     Kirk felt  the best  way to honor  his soldiers  was to                                                                    
     honor their  families, so he set  out to get a  peak in                                                                    
     the Chugiak Mountain Range named  on behalf of the Gold                                                                    
     Star families.  Gold Star  families are  family members                                                                    
     of  fallen service  members who  died while  serving in                                                                    
     time  of conflict.  Kirk succeeded  in  his efforts  on                                                                    
     behalf  of  Gold  Star  families  by  getting  formally                                                                    
     recognized "Gold  Star Peak" through the  U.S. Board of                                                                    
     Geographic   names;   for  those   efforts   initially,                                                                    
     immediately  following   he  was  recognized   by  U.S.                                                                    
     Senator Sullivan on the floor of Congress.                                                                                 
     Kirk and  I will be leading  a group of Gold  Star Peak                                                                    
     and  Mount   POW/MIA  up  the  mountain   Memorial  Day                                                                    
     weekend. Joining us along with  fellow veterans will be                                                                    
     Gold  Star family  members.  Admiral  Bell and  General                                                                    
     Saxe have accepted our invitation  to climb as well, we                                                                    
     hope that  they will  be able to  join us  Memorial Day                                                                    
     weekend.  We  on  the Joint  Armed  Services  Committee                                                                    
     would like to thank Kirk for his efforts on behalf of                                                                      
     fellow veterans and the community.                                                                                         
1:02:06 PM                                                                                                                    
CO-CHAIR  SHOWER announced  that Senators  Reinbold and  Kawasaki                                                               
have  invited those  interested to  attend the  Senate Labor  and                                                               
Commerce Committee regarding a bill  moving out of committee that                                                               
will give  military dependents and spouses  license preference to                                                               
help them  when they move,  noting how hard  that is to  get jobs                                                               
and keep their careers up during the transition.                                                                                
He thanked  testifiers for  spending time  with the  committee to                                                               
tell  members  what is  going  on  and  how the  legislature  and                                                               
governor might  be able to  help. He thanked attendees  for their                                                               
service and for taking time to talk to the committee.                                                                           
CO-CHAIR TARR  echoed Co-chair Shower's  comments and  noted that                                                               
she  looks forward  to  continuing  conversations. She  announced                                                               
that the committee  is considering a possible  meeting in October                                                               
in Fairbanks  that will  tie into  a site visit  to view  all the                                                               
military construction in Fairbanks.                                                                                             
1:04:28 PM                                                                                                                    
There being  no further  business to  come before  the committee,                                                               
Co-Chair  Tarr  adjourned  the  Joint  Armed  Services  Committee                                                               
meeting at 1:04 p.m.                                                                                                            

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
JASC Presentation Army 5.9.19.pdf JASC 5/9/2019 11:15:00 AM
JASC Presentation Air Force 5.9.19.pdf JASC 5/9/2019 11:15:00 AM
JASC Presentation Alaska National Guard 5.9.19.pdf JASC 5/9/2019 11:15:00 AM
JASC Presentation Coast Guard 5.9.19.pdf JASC 5/9/2019 11:15:00 AM