Legislature(2019 - 2020)GRUENBERG 120

03/14/2019 03:00 PM STATE AFFAIRS

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Audio Topic
03:03:15 PM Start
03:05:00 PM Presentation(s): Reentry's Role in Reducing Crime
04:34:08 PM HB57
04:50:19 PM HB83
04:53:35 PM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+ Presentation: Reentry's Role in Reducing Crime TELECONFERENCED
+= HB 20 SEXUAL ASSAULT EXAMINATION KITS TELECONFERENCED
<Bill Hearing Canceled>
-- Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
+= HB 57 CHILD LABOR HOURS TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSHB 57(STA) Out of Committee
-- Public Testimony --
+= HB 83 PROHIBIT VOTING BY FACSIMILE TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSHB 83(STA) Out of Committee
-- Public Testimony --
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
             HOUSE STATE AFFAIRS STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                           
                         March 14, 2019                                                                                         
                           3:03 p.m.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Representative Zack Fields, Co-Chair                                                                                            
Representative Jonathan Kreiss-Tomkins, Co-Chair                                                                                
Representative Gabrielle LeDoux                                                                                                 
Representative Andi Story                                                                                                       
Representative Adam Wool                                                                                                        
Representative Sarah Vance                                                                                                      
Representative Laddie Shaw                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
PRESENTATION(S):  REENTRY'S ROLE IN REDUCING CRIME                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 57                                                                                                               
"An Act relating to expanding the period in a day during which                                                                  
an employed child under 16 years of age may perform work in the                                                                 
summer; and providing for an effective date."                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED CSHB 57(STA) OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 83                                                                                                               
"An Act relating to voting by electronic transmission in a state                                                                
election; and providing for an effective date."                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED CSHB 83(STA) OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 57                                                                                                                   
SHORT TITLE: CHILD LABOR HOURS                                                                                                  
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) WILSON                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
02/20/19       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/20/19       (H)       STA, L&C                                                                                               
03/05/19       (H)       STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
03/05/19       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/05/19       (H)       MINUTE(STA)                                                                                            
03/12/19       (H)       STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
03/12/19       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/12/19       (H)       MINUTE(STA)                                                                                            
03/14/19       (H)       STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 83                                                                                                                   
SHORT TITLE: PROHIBIT VOTING BY FACSIMILE                                                                                       
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) KREISS-TOMKINS                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
03/06/19       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
03/06/19       (H)       STA                                                                                                    
03/12/19       (H)       STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
03/12/19       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/12/19       (H)       MINUTE(STA)                                                                                            
03/14/19       (H)       STA AT 3:00 PM GRUENBERG 120                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
STEVE WILLIAMS, Chief Operating Officer (COO)                                                                                   
Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority (AMHTA)                                                                                    
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Co-presented  a  presentation,  entitled                                                             
"Reentry Services: Promoting Safer  & Healthier Communities" with                                                               
the use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
LAURA BROOKS, Deputy Director                                                                                                   
Division of Health & Rehabilitation Services (DHRS)                                                                             
Alaska Department of Corrections (DOC)                                                                                          
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Co-presented  a  presentation,  entitled                                                             
"Reentry Services: Promoting Safer  & Healthier Communities" with                                                               
the use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
SUSANNE DIPIETRO, Executive Director                                                                                            
Alaska Judicial Council (AJC)                                                                                                   
Alaska Court System (ACS)                                                                                                       
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Co-presented  a  presentation,  entitled                                                             
"Reentry Services: Promoting Safer  & Healthier Communities" with                                                               
the use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
DON HABEGER, Community Coordinator                                                                                              
Juneau Reentry Coalition (JREC)                                                                                                 
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Co-presented  a  presentation,  entitled                                                             
"Reentry Services: Promoting Safer  & Healthier Communities" with                                                               
the use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
ALYSA WOODEN, Program Coordinator                                                                                               
Division of Behavioral Health (DBH)                                                                                             
Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS)                                                                                 
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Co-presented  a  presentation,  entitled                                                             
"Reentry Services: Promoting Safer  & Healthier Communities" with                                                               
the use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
JOSHUA SOPKO, Deputy Director                                                                                                   
Partners Reentry Center (PRC)                                                                                                   
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Co-presented  a  presentation,  entitled                                                             
"Reentry Services: Promoting Safer  & Healthier Communities" with                                                               
the use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
CHRISTINA   SCHADURA,   Support   Services  and   Data   Analysis                                                               
Coordinator                                                                                                                     
Partners Reentry Center (PRC)                                                                                                   
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION  STATEMENT:     Co-presented  a  presentation,  entitled                                                             
"Reentry Services: Promoting Safer  & Healthier Communities" with                                                               
the use of a PowerPoint presentation.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
REPRESENTATIVE TAMMIE WILSON                                                                                                    
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Answered questions  during the hearing on HB                                                             
57, as prime sponsor.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
GAIL FENUMIAI, Director                                                                                                         
Division of Elections (DOE)                                                                                                     
Office of the Lieutenant Governor (OLG)                                                                                         
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Answered questions  during the hearing on HB                                                             
83, Version M.                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                              
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
3:03:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  ZACK FIELDS  called the  House  State Affairs  Standing                                                             
Committee meeting to order at  3:03 p.m.  Representatives LeDoux,                                                               
Wool,  Vance, Shaw,  Kreiss-Tomkins, and  Fields were  present at                                                               
the call to  order.  Representative Story arrived  as the meeting                                                               
was in progress.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR KREISS-TOMKINS  moved to  authorize the Co-Chair  of the                                                               
House  State Affairs  Standing Committee  to  draft a  resolution                                                               
relating  to Committee  on Committees  as  a committee  sponsored                                                               
resolution.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS objected for the purpose of discussion.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR KREISS-TOMKINS explained that  the resolution would be a                                                               
concurrent  resolution  relating to  the  Uniform  Rules; if  the                                                               
motion  is passed,  it would  be introduced  tomorrow as  a House                                                               
State Affairs Standing Committee concurrent resolution.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
The committee took a brief at-ease at 3:04 p.m.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS withdrew  his objection.  There  being no further                                                               
objection, it was so ordered.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
^PRESENTATION(S):  Reentry's Role in Reducing Crime                                                                             
       PRESENTATION(S):  Reentry's Role in Reducing Crime                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
3:05:00 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS announced that the  first order of business would                                                               
be a  presentation lead  by Steve Williams  of the  Alaska Mental                                                               
Health Trust Authority.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
3:05:45 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
STEVE  WILLIAMS, Chief  Operating  Officer  (COO), Alaska  Mental                                                               
Health Trust Authority  (AMHTA), relayed that the  purpose of the                                                               
presentation,  entitled  "Reentry  Services:  Promoting  Safer  &                                                               
Healthier  Communities," is  to  inform the  committee about  the                                                               
importance   of  thoughtful   and  deliberate   reentry  planning                                                               
services  as a  mechanism for  ensuring that  offenders have  the                                                               
highest opportunity  for success  when leaving  incarceration and                                                               
returning to  their communities,  in order  to re-integrate  in a                                                               
positive  fashion.   He stated  that his  co-presenters represent                                                               
the  continuum of  what is  needed in  terms of  partnerships and                                                               
services  for successful  reentry  to occur.    He mentioned  the                                                               
agencies  represented by  his co-presenters:   the  Department of                                                               
Corrections  (DOC), from  which the  offender is  being released;                                                               
the Alaska  Judicial Council (AJC),  which assesses  policies and                                                               
their  effectiveness;   the  Department  of  Health   and  Social                                                               
Services (DHSS),  responsible for ensuring adequate  services and                                                               
supports; and  a non-profit  organization that  receives released                                                               
offenders  and  helps  them navigate  a  complicated  system  for                                                               
accessing needed supports.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR. WILLIAMS  explained that  the reason  AMHTA ("the  Trust") is                                                               
engaged in  activities around  reentry is  because 40  percent of                                                               
Trust   beneficiaries  -   adults   experiencing  mental   health                                                               
disorders, substance  use disorders,  developmental disabilities,                                                               
Alzheimer's, dementia,  other related cognitive  impairments, and                                                               
traumatic brain  injuries - make  up a high percentage  of annual                                                               
incarcerations under DOC.   Trust staff want to  ensure that they                                                               
can  help the  state devise  effective and  efficient methods  of                                                               
diverting  people  away from  the  criminal  justice system  when                                                               
public safety is  not at risk and there are  opportunities to re-                                                               
engage  them  in  the  community.     When  people  are  entering                                                               
incarceration or  are incarcerated, the symptoms  of their mental                                                               
health issues  and addictions  can be  exacerbated by  periods of                                                               
incarceration.     He  offered   another  reason  the   Trust  is                                                               
interested in the issue of  reentry:  Trust beneficiaries tend to                                                               
recidivate  at a  higher rate  than non-Trust  beneficiaries when                                                               
returning  to the  community,  largely due  to  the inability  to                                                               
access  appropriate  services  and  supports.   They  also  spend                                                               
longer    periods   of    time   incarcerated    than   non-Trust                                                               
beneficiaries:  for  felony offenders it is double  the amount of                                                               
time; for misdemeanor offenders the time is 150 percent greater.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
3:09:40 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL   asked  for   the  definition   of  [Trust]                                                               
beneficiary and how a beneficiary is distinguished from a non-                                                                  
beneficiary.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. WILLIAMS relayed  that a Trust beneficiary is  an Alaskan who                                                               
experiences a  mental health disorder, a  substance use disorder,                                                               
Alzheimer's,    dementia,    related    cognitive    impairments,                                                               
developmental  disabilities, or  traumatic  brain  injuries.   He                                                               
added  that  for  many individuals,  there  may  be  co-occurring                                                               
disorders, such as a mental  health disorder and substance abuse.                                                               
He stated that  as a result of these disorders,  they are at high                                                               
risk for  institutionalization - unable  to meet their  needs and                                                               
care for themselves in the  community.  He said that historically                                                               
-  in  the 60s  and  70s  - they  might  have  been placed  in  a                                                               
psychiatric institution or hospital.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL restated  his  question:   How does  someone                                                               
with those  types of conditions  become a beneficiary  as opposed                                                               
to  someone with  those  conditions  who is  arrested  and not  a                                                               
beneficiary?                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  WILLIAMS   explained  that  there   is  no  list   of  Trust                                                               
beneficiaries.   Community  providers  and  DHSS identify  people                                                               
that experience  these conditions and  disorders.  It is  in this                                                               
way that  they come to the  attention of the Trust  and the Trust                                                               
then advocates for them.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS  stated that the  reason for the  presentation is                                                               
as follows:   incredible work has been performed in  the state to                                                               
improve  reentry; there  is evidence  that the  reentry work  has                                                               
helped significantly  to reduce  the recidivism  rate; and  it is                                                               
his desire to explore what has  been done and what could be done.                                                               
He maintained that  there are opportunities for  the committee to                                                               
strengthen language  in statutes  as it reviews  criminal justice                                                               
proposals.     He  said   that  it   is  under   the  committee's                                                               
jurisdiction to look for ways  to strengthen reentry and continue                                                               
to bring down crime rates by reducing recidivism.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
3:12:50 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
LAURA   BROOKS,   Deputy   Director,   Division   of   Health   &                                                               
Rehabilitation Services (DHRS),  Alaska Department of Corrections                                                               
(DOC),  referred to  slide 2,  entitled "Recidivism,"  to discuss                                                               
how Alaska defines  recidivism.  She stated that  it is important                                                               
to recognize recidivism as it is  defined in statute; it does not                                                               
just include new crimes.   She relayed that DOC's recidivism data                                                               
also includes technical  violations - the variety  of events that                                                               
may  happen while  a  person is  on probation  and  parole.   She                                                               
relayed the definition of recidivism from slide 2, which read:                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
     A felony offender who is re-incarcerated within three                                                                      
     years of release for any offense conviction:                                                                               
          ? Parole or probation violation                                                                                       
          ? New felony crime                                                                                                    
          ? New misdemeanor crime                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS  referred to  slide  3,  entitled "Alaska  Recidivism                                                               
Rates," and  pointed out that the  most recent data in  the chart                                                               
is from  2015.  She  explained that recidivism numbers  are based                                                               
on  three years  post release;  the data  was calculated  in 2018                                                               
based on the 2015 cohort (CY2015).   She maintained that the data                                                               
is not old data, but very  current data with a 3-year-old cohort.                                                               
The conclusion  from the chart  is that after  consistently being                                                               
in the  mid to upper 60th  percentile, Alaska has begun  to see a                                                               
steady decline  in recidivism.   She stated  that there  are many                                                               
contributing  factors for  the  decline.   The  DOC  has made  an                                                               
aggressive  shift  over  the  past   five  to  six  years  toward                                                               
evidence-based  practices  in  programming;  it  uses  assessment                                                               
tools  to identify  criminogenic  risk factors,  which helps  DOC                                                               
focus resources on moderate to  high risk offenders.  She offered                                                               
that reentry planning  must begin as soon as  the offender enters                                                               
prison;   it  must   be  a   fluid  process   throughout  his/her                                                               
incarceration; and it  must then help the  offender to transition                                                               
back into the  community.  She added  that community partnerships                                                               
are  a contributing  factor, as  well.   She maintained  that all                                                               
these efforts  together, when done  right, will affect  a decline                                                               
in recidivism rates.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS pointed  out the  61 percent  recidivism rate  on the                                                               
chart  [slide  3]  for  CY2015.    She  reported  that  the  U.S.                                                               
Department of Justice (USDOJ) Bureau  of Justice Statistics (BJS)                                                               
did a 30-state study of  over 400,000 offenders, and 67.8 percent                                                               
of them were re-incarcerated within  three years of release.  She                                                               
reported that  compared to national  statistics, Alaska  is doing                                                               
well.                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
3:15:59 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS referred to testimony  that reentry programs must                                                               
begin as  soon as offenders  are incarcerated.  He  expressed his                                                               
belief  that  statute specifies  a  90-day  reentry period  after                                                               
release;  he asked  what the  variation was  from institution  to                                                               
institution in  terms of the  length of reentry  programming with                                                               
offender management plans (OMPs).                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS said  that  the first  part of  the  OMP is  prepared                                                               
within 30  days of arrival  at a sentence facility;  it continues                                                               
with  the  offender  throughout his/her  sentence.    During  the                                                               
period of incarceration, the plan  is reviewed regularly; it is a                                                               
fluid working  document that is  updated when the  offender makes                                                               
progress  or  has  setbacks.    When  the  offender  completes  a                                                               
treatment program, the  plan is updated.  Something  may be added                                                               
to  the  plan  due  to  behavior.   For  example,  an  offender's                                                               
original  assessment may  not have  called for  anger management,                                                               
but  as a  result of  behavior, the  plan is  changed to  include                                                               
anger management.  She stated  that the plan follows the offender                                                               
through  incarceration.     Ninety   days  before   release,  the                                                               
institutional probation officers (POs) update  the OMP - which is                                                               
then referred  to as  the "Phase  2 OMP  - with  a focus  on that                                                               
individual  returning  to  the  community.     The  Phase  2  OMP                                                               
summarizes  the work  that the  offenders have  completed in  the                                                               
institutions and  the programs and  services they still  need; it                                                               
has a  community release plan  that includes their  strengths and                                                               
progress,  as  well as  their  risks  and  the  needs yet  to  be                                                               
addressed, such as housing, employment,  or transportation.  Also                                                               
included is  the court-ordered or parole  board requirements that                                                               
must be  met when  the offender  returns to  the community.   She                                                               
added  that the  OMP  travels  with the  offender  "out into  the                                                               
field."                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS, in  answer  to Co-Chair  Fields question,  explained                                                               
that there  is a  great deal  of variability  between facilities.                                                               
She said that DOC tries to  standardize the OMPs; it has policies                                                               
about  OMPs;  there  are   requirements  and  standard  operating                                                               
procedures (SOPs)  that direct how they  are to be managed.   She                                                               
maintained that  [the OMP]  depends on many  factors, and  one of                                                               
the  factors  is the  offender's  willingness  to participate  in                                                               
development of the plan.  The  DOC cannot require the offender to                                                               
participate  in an  OMP.   DOC tries  very hard  to convince  the                                                               
offender that  it is needed  and there are benefits,  but because                                                               
it is  not required, there is  much variability in the  OMPs that                                                               
DOC produces.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
3:19:11 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS  moved on  to  slide  4,  entitled "Recidivism  -  by                                                               
Offense  Type,"  to  discuss  the  reasons  offenders  return  to                                                               
incarceration  - a  new misdemeanor  crime,  a new  felony, or  a                                                               
probation violation.   She  reported that  the majority  of those                                                               
returning  to custody  return on  technical  probation or  parole                                                               
violations; fifty-eight percent of  them return to custody within                                                               
six  months due  to  technical violations.    She explained  that                                                               
these are  individuals who are  new to probation and  parole and,                                                               
therefore, may  fail to report,  which is a  technical violation.                                                               
Some  may  have  not  completed substance  abuse  treatment  and,                                                               
therefore,  may get  a technical  violation for  alcohol or  drug                                                               
use.   She stated that  these constitute some of  the confounding                                                               
factors  that  may be  involved.    She  said  that part  of  the                                                               
probation and parole process is  trying to intercede early in the                                                               
criminal cycle -  before there is a  new crime or a  new victim -                                                               
and the violations reflect that effort.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS  referred to  slide  5,  entitled "Recidivism  -  new                                                               
crimes,"  and  relayed  that probation  violations  are  down  15                                                               
percent in the past four  years [CY2011 to CY2015]; however, even                                                               
after excluding  technical violations, there is  still a downward                                                               
trend  in recidivism  in Alaska.   She  said that  32 percent  of                                                               
recidivism is due  to new crimes, which includes  both felony and                                                               
misdemeanor charges,  and the recidivism  rate for new  crimes is                                                               
down 8 percent over the past four years.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS  moved on  to slide  6, entitled  "Felony Recidivism,"                                                               
which reports on those who served  time for a felony and returned                                                               
to incarceration because of a new  felony.  She stated that there                                                               
has  been a  decline in  felony  recidivism.   Twenty percent  of                                                               
offenders  released from  DOC facilities  returned on  new felony                                                               
charges within  three years of  release, which is down  5 percent                                                               
in the past five years.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
3:21:27 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL  pointed out  that eliminating  probation and                                                               
parole  violations   from  the  recidivism  rates   makes  a  big                                                               
difference  - 61  percent compared  with  20 percent.   He  asked                                                               
whether there are  ways to reduce the [number  of] conditions for                                                               
violating probation  and parole.   He mentioned  that anecdotally                                                               
he  has heard  some unrealistic  and ridiculous  conditions.   He                                                               
offered his understanding that returning  to jail for violating a                                                               
probation and  parole condition works  best when it is  swift and                                                               
short, such  as three days for  the first violation and  ten days                                                               
for  the second  violation.   He  asked whether  that three  days                                                               
would constitute recidivism for that individual.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS  responded  that reducing  the  number  of  technical                                                               
violations has  been a focus  of DOC  for the past  couple years;                                                               
the Division of  Probation & Parole (DPP) is  actively working to                                                               
structure  such  a  reduction.    She said,  "There's  a  lot  of                                                               
variance with that,  depending ... on the offenders,  the type of                                                               
technical  violations, the  frequency  that somebody  has had  of                                                               
technical violations,  ... and even  sometimes it comes  down ...                                                               
to PO preference  and style."  She offered that  DOC is trying to                                                               
figure out how to reach  these individuals without returning them                                                               
to  incarceration.   She  asserted  that  the downward  trend  in                                                               
probation and parole violations likely reflects that effort.                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS,  in response to Representative  Wool's question about                                                               
offenders going  back to jail  for short periods of  time, stated                                                               
that there  are evidence-based programs demonstrating  that short                                                               
returns  to incarceration  are very  effective.   Alaska has  the                                                               
Probation   Accountability   with  Certain   Enforcement   (PACE)                                                               
program,  modeled  after   Hawaii's  Opportunity  Probation  with                                                               
Enforcement (HOPE)  program, in which individuals  return to jail                                                               
for a  short time as  a reminder of where  they could be  if they                                                               
continue that path.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  KREISS-TOMKINS  referred  to   the  declining  rate  of                                                               
recidivism  from  CV2011  to  CY2015   and  mentioned  that  [the                                                               
decline]  predates  the  criminal justice  reform  enacted  under                                                               
House Bill  91 [Thirtieth  Alaska State  Legislature, 2017-2018].                                                               
He  stated  that decreasing  recidivism  was  a strong  focus  of                                                               
criminal justice  reform.   He suggested that  there is  a factor                                                               
independent of substantial changes in  law causing the decline in                                                               
recidivism and asked Ms. Brooks to comment.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS  replied that  she  can't  identify for  certain  the                                                               
causal factors; however,  DOC changed the way it  did business in                                                               
terms of  treatment programs  at the  time of  the decline.   She                                                               
maintained  that DOC  looked for  and implemented  evidence-based                                                               
programs; that  is, programs already  proven to be  successful in                                                               
reducing recidivism.   She added that there is  an ongoing effort                                                               
to only  employ programs that  show evidence of  being beneficial                                                               
in terms of recidivism as the end goal.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
3:26:59 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS  turned to  slide 7,  entitled "Recidivism  by Offense                                                               
Class," to show a breakdown  of recidivism rates by offense class                                                               
and  year  [2013, 2014,  2015].    She  stated  that there  is  a                                                               
reduction  in recidivism  rates over  all and  in all  classes of                                                               
offense  except offense  against  a person  and weapons  offense.                                                               
She  added   that  the  category,  entitled   "public  order  and                                                               
administration,"  consists  of  offenses  that  didn't  fit  into                                                               
another category, such as refusing  a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)                                                               
test, filing a false report, or hindering a prosecution.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS referred  to slide  8,  entitled "Recidivism  Release                                                               
Offense  Class &  New Offense  Class," which  shows the  original                                                               
offense  against the  offense causing  the return  to jail.   The                                                               
chart demonstrates  that someone who  recidivates tends to  do so                                                               
within the  same offense  class.   For example,  someone arrested                                                               
for  driving under  the influence  (DUI)  is far  more likely  to                                                               
return  to jail  for an  alcohol  offense than  another class  of                                                               
offense;  it  is  the  same   with  drug  offenses  and  property                                                               
offenses.   She mentioned  that weapons  and driving  offenses do                                                               
not trend that same way.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL referred  to her example regarding  a DUI and                                                               
an alcohol  offense and  asked for  clarification of  an "alcohol                                                               
alone" offense.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS  offered to  do further research  on the  question and                                                               
provide more information.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
3:29:36 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  VANCE asked  if people  on probation  are allowed                                                               
any amount of alcohol.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS responded  that  it depends  on  their conditions  of                                                               
probation  and parole.    She  said that  the  parole board  sets                                                               
conditions, and the probation and parole officers enforce them.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL  mentioned  that  he  has  become  aware  of                                                               
several people having the condition  of not being allowed alcohol                                                               
who  didn't have  an alcohol  crime; he  suggested that  it is  a                                                               
blanket  condition.    He  asked  whether  the  judge  gives  the                                                               
conditions of parole or if they come from the parole board.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS answered that both the  court and the parole board can                                                               
set  conditions  of parole.    She  maintained  that she  is  not                                                               
familiar with  the differences in  the conditions each set.   She                                                               
agreed that an  alcohol restriction is a  very common requirement                                                               
for someone  on probations parole.   She is also  unfamiliar with                                                               
any possible appeal process for the condition.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL  commented  that   often  a  crime  is  plea                                                               
bargained, a condition  is set as part of the  agreement, and the                                                               
person  forgets those  conditions and  violates a  condition some                                                               
time later.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
3:32:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS moved  on to  slide 9,  entitled "Recidivism  by Risk                                                               
Level," and stated that DOC  does offender assessments focused on                                                               
risk levels  in order to focus  resources.  Those found  to be at                                                               
highest  risk,   tend  to  recidivate   at  the   highest  rates.                                                               
Recidivism  rates   include  probation  and   parole  violations;                                                               
tighter controls are  placed on those at higher  risk; the intent                                                               
is to  catch people  earlier with lesser  behaviors before  a new                                                               
crime  happens or  there is  a  new victim.   She  said that  the                                                               
recidivism rate for the higher  risk offender is higher, not only                                                               
because tighter controls  have been placed on  them, but because,                                                               
by definition, they are at higher risk to recidivate.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS  turned to  slide 10, entitled  "When are  people most                                                               
likely  to  return?"  and  stated   that  the  highest  risk  for                                                               
recidivism is within  the first six months of release.   She said                                                               
that  25 percent  of people  who  return to  their community  are                                                               
reincarcerated within  six months;  many are  new to  parole, are                                                               
unfamiliar  with   the  process,  and  become   involved  with  a                                                               
technical violation or minor issue.   A person who recidivates is                                                               
far more  likely to do  so within  twelve months of  release, and                                                               
more than  40 percent of  those who recidivate return  within the                                                               
first  year.   She  maintained  that  the statistics  reveal  the                                                               
importance of  a comprehensive release plan  and strong community                                                               
supports for reentry.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS  referred to slide  11, entitled  "Long-term Results,"                                                               
to point out the recidivism rates  for up to 10 years of release.                                                               
She  stated that  over time  and as  expected, the  likelihood of                                                               
returning  to jail  decreases:   people  stabilize; they  receive                                                               
treatment; the  intensity and  frequency of  anti-social behavior                                                               
tends  to  decrease  over  time.    She  said  that  there  is  a                                                               
significant  decline  in  recidivism  as the  years  pass.    She                                                               
reported that  less than  6 percent of  offenders return  to jail                                                               
between years six and ten.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
3:35:34 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
SUSANNE  DIPIETRO, Executive  Director,  Alaska Judicial  Council                                                               
(AJC), Alaska Court  System (ACS), referred to  the statistics on                                                               
slides 10  and 11  indicating the high  risk of  released inmates                                                               
reentering jail  within the first  six months  to one year.   She                                                               
put  forth the  question asked  by  DOC and  the Alaska  Criminal                                                               
Justice  Commission (ACJC):   What  can we  do for  the high  and                                                               
medium  risk offenders  in that  critical first  six months  to a                                                               
year to break the pattern of  rapid return to jail?  She referred                                                               
to slide 12, entitled "Reentry Background," which read:                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     ? 95% of  all prisoners will eventually  return to 'the                                                                    
     streets,'  if not  their home  community, then  another                                                                    
     Alaskan community                                                                                                          
     ?  Reentering persons  often have  substance abuse  and                                                                    
     mental   health   diagnoses    which   interfere   with                                                                    
     functionality                                                                                                              
     ?  Reentering persons  are  often  without housing  and                                                                    
     employment                                                                                                                 
     ? Family  ties may have been  diminished by non-contact                                                                    
     or by their relocation                                                                                                     
     ? But when support  services are frontloaded for medium                                                                    
     to high risk  individuals they are more  likely to stay                                                                    
     out rather than return to prison                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DIPIETRO added  that releasing  people  with these  problems                                                               
into the community  constitutes a very vulnerable  time for them;                                                               
inviting  these people  into  services in  the  community is  the                                                               
foundation of reentry.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS. DIPIETRO  turned to slide  13, entitled  "What do we  mean by                                                               
'reentry'?" and reviewed the following bullet points:                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     ? Person leaves correctional facility where they have                                                                      
     been incarcerated                                                                                                          
     ? After completing a sentence of imprisonment                                                                              
        ? He or she may be under supervision (probation,                                                                        
       parole) but not always, and especially not if the                                                                        
     sentence was for misdemeanor crime(s)                                                                                      
     ? Their return is to a community, but not necessarily                                                                      
     their home community                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MS.  DIPIETRO  added  that  people  who are  not  in  their  home                                                               
communities while working through  reentry are especially in need                                                               
of the support of reentry services.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
3:39:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. WILLIAMS went on to  slide 14, entitled "Sequential Intercept                                                               
Model (SIM),"  which demonstrates the criminal  justice system by                                                               
way of  a flow chart  with five "intercepts."   On either  end of                                                               
the chart is noted "community."  On  the front end - or left side                                                               
of the chart  - is Intercept 0, which consists  of prevention and                                                               
early intervention to intervene  early to decrease the likelihood                                                               
that people will enter the  criminal justice system either at the                                                               
juvenile or adult  levels.  The chart moves  through the criminal                                                               
justice system to Intercept 4,  which is "Reentry," and Intercept                                                               
5, which  is "Community Corrections."   He stated that  these two                                                               
intercepts  are the  focus of  the presentation  - answering  the                                                               
question  of what  is being  done to  prepare people  for release                                                               
from  DOC  and reentering  the  community.    He added  that  the                                                               
services  and supports  that people  need to  remain healthy  and                                                               
positively integrated in  the community at the front  end are the                                                               
same ones as needed when  released.  He emphasized that community                                                               
supports  are  important as  both  preventative  measures and  as                                                               
measures helping people reintegrate back  into the community.  He                                                               
credited the Policy  Research Associates (PRA) for  the model; it                                                               
is  used to  examine  the intersection  of  criminal justice  and                                                               
behavioral  health and  to identify  intercept  points to  employ                                                               
appropriate diversions for an individual  when mental health, not                                                               
public safety, is the overriding issue.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR. WILLIAMS referred to the quote on slide 15, which read:                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
      Successful reentry begins on admission and continues                                                                      
     through incarceration, release, community supervision                                                                      
         and ultimately the unsupervised and successful                                                                         
     reintegration [of the individual] into the community.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
3:41:50 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS  turned  to  slide 16,  entitled  "Reentry  &  Public                                                               
Safety," which read:                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
        Recidivism reduction is an important part of the                                                                        
     state's public safety mission.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
      Reentry planning helps offenders successfully resume                                                                      
     family and community responsibilities.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     The Department of Corrections has programs in place to                                                                     
     address the criminogenic risk factors associated with                                                                      
     recidivism.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS  added  that  helping  individuals  successfully  re-                                                               
integrate into the community means  less crime and fewer victims,                                                               
which defines a  successful reentry plan.  She  stated that there                                                               
are three  guiding principles for effective  intervention for the                                                               
offender population:   1) identifying who is at  greatest risk of                                                               
re-offending  and focusing  resources  on moderate  to high  risk                                                               
offenders;  2)   targeting  the   criminogenic  needs   of  those                                                               
offenders;  and   3)  tailoring  plans  to   fit  the  offenders.                                                               
Tailoring the  plan is done  through risk assessments,  OMPs, and                                                               
focused evidence-based programming.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS  moved on  to slide  17, entitled  "A Plan  to Address                                                               
Needs," and stated that the assessment  tools used by DOC look at                                                               
dynamic  risk factors  that when  addressed successfully,  change                                                               
the probability  of an offender's  recidivism.  She  reviewed the                                                               
criminogenic needs listed on slide 17, which read:                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
     Assessing criminogenic needs                                                                                               
     ? Anti-social values/beliefs/cognition                                                                                     
     ? Anti-social companions                                                                                                   
     ? Anti-social personality or temperament                                                                                   
     ? Family and/or marital                                                                                                    
     ? Substance abuse                                                                                                          
     ? Employment                                                                                                               
     ? Education                                                                                                                
     ? Leisure and/or recreation                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     Offender Management Plan (OMP)                                                                                             
       ? A roadmap to determine what programs are needed                                                                        
     while in custody.                                                                                                          
       ? A means of measuring a prisoner's readiness for                                                                        
     reentry.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS  relayed  that DOC  helps  offenders  build  positive                                                               
associations,  positive  pro-social   activities  and  behaviors,                                                               
support networks,  problem-solving skills, and  anger management.                                                               
It helps offenders recognize criminal  thinking errors.  It helps                                                               
offenders  recognize  positive  healthy relationships  and  build                                                               
positive  communications.    It helps  offenders  develop  coping                                                               
skills  to reduce  and enhance  alternatives to  substance abuse.                                                               
It helps offenders to engage  with employment and education.  She                                                               
said that  once the key  issues for an individual  are identified                                                               
through the  assessment, the OMP  can be  developed.  The  OMP is                                                               
tailored to  the specific  needs of the  offender.   It considers                                                               
the  learning   style,  abilities,  motivation,   strengths,  and                                                               
barriers  of the  offender.   The plan  starts when  the offender                                                               
arrives at  the facility and serves  as a roadmap to  address the                                                               
needs of that individual.  The  OMP is fluid and changes with the                                                               
offender's progress and with his/her readiness for reentry.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS.   BROOKS  referred   to  slide   18,   entitled  "Reentry   &                                                               
Rehabilitation  Programs,"  and said  that  DOC  has aligned  its                                                               
programs  to follow  the basic  premise  of using  evidence-based                                                               
practices  that  have been  proven  to  reduce recidivism.    She                                                               
mentioned  that the  programs listed  on  the slide  are a  small                                                               
sampling  of the  programs that  DOC provides.   She  highlighted                                                               
reentry  classes,  which  address  matters  such  as  getting  an                                                               
identification  (ID),  transportation, housing,  resume  writing,                                                               
securing benefits  and entitlements,  and money management.   She                                                               
relayed that reentry  classes are offered at  all DOC facilities;                                                               
attendance is optional but quite good.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
3:46:19 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS asked whether DOC  brings DHSS personnel into the                                                               
facility to  help enroll the  returning offenders in  Medicaid as                                                               
they approach the 90-day period.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS  replied that DOC  has integrated several  options for                                                               
Medicaid into  the system:   In some communities there  are local                                                               
Medicaid  offices that  teach classes  for DOC  that are  open to                                                               
anyone  who thinks  they might  be  eligible for  Medicaid.   The                                                               
class  explains  the  application  process.   The  reentry  class                                                               
[teachers] and  the institutional POs  all have been  trained and                                                               
have  the  information  on  how the  DOC  population  can  access                                                               
Medicaid upon  release.  She  said that DOC  does what it  can to                                                               
help  them fill  out the  applications while  in custody  and get                                                               
them in the mail.  She offered  that the field POs will also work                                                               
with the offenders to help them submit Medicaid applications.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS asked  whether all  the programs  listed on  the                                                               
slide  are available  at  all institutions  or  whether there  is                                                               
significant variation between institutions.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS  responded  that  the   programs  offered  does  vary                                                               
significantly  between  facilities.   In  a  facility like  Goose                                                               
Creek Correctional Center [Wasilla],  with 1500 inmates, there is                                                               
much more in-depth programming than  in a facility like Ketchikan                                                               
Correctional Center,  with 55 inmates.   She maintained  that all                                                               
facilities have some  core options, and DOC  is constantly trying                                                               
to expand them.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS  asked to  see a listing  of reentry  services by                                                               
institution.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS offered to provide that information.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MS.   BROOKS  stated   that   DOC's   mental  health   population                                                               
recidivates  at nearly  twice the  rate of  the non-mentally  ill                                                               
population.   She  said that  DOC has  a wide  variety of  mental                                                               
health treatment programs in the  facilities:  24-hour acute care                                                               
psychiatric   hospital   level   care;   sub-acute   units;   306                                                               
psychiatric beds, which makes DOC  the largest provider of direct                                                               
mental health services in the  state; several specialized release                                                               
programs; the  Assess, Plan, Identify, Coordinate  (APIC) program                                                               
funded by the  Trust, which assists individuals  returning to any                                                               
community in  the state  to get connected  to resources  and even                                                               
pay for resources  until benefits or entitlements  begin; and the                                                               
felony  release   plan  through  the  therapeutic   court.    She                                                               
concluded  that DOC  has many  programs in  place to  support the                                                               
very vulnerable mental  health population.  She  added that there                                                               
are  sex  offender  treatment  programs in  custody  and  in  the                                                               
community.   The  DOC  has  a medical  social  work program  that                                                               
serves  medically fragile  individuals with  needs like  securing                                                               
nursing care, wheelchairs, or connecting with a doctor.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS pointed  out the range of services listed  on slide 18                                                               
for   substance  abuse   treatment,  which   are:     assessment;                                                               
psychoeducation;   intensive    outpatient;   residential;   dual                                                               
diagnosis  programs;  and   Community  Residential  Center  (CRC)                                                               
programming.     She  continued  by  describing   the  medication                                                               
assisted  treatment  (MAT) programs.    The  department uses  the                                                               
medication,  Vivitrol, which  it  has been  fortunate to  receive                                                               
from  the pharmaceutical  company  at no  cost.   The  department                                                               
offers it to  individuals who are returning to  the community, if                                                               
there are no  medical contraindications and if  the individual is                                                               
willing to use it.  The  treatment consists of an injection prior                                                               
to release from  jail and efforts to connect  the released inmate                                                               
to  a provider  in the  community for  the next  injection.   She                                                               
stated  that  the  second  part   of  the  MAT  program  involves                                                               
"Methadone bridging."   She explained that  when someone addicted                                                               
to Methadone  is incarcerated, instead  of taking the  person off                                                               
Methadone -  causing withdrawal  - DOC  works with  the community                                                               
Methadone  clinic  to continue  to  administer  Methadone to  the                                                               
inmate if  he/she is  in custody for  a short time  - 30  days or                                                               
less.   She added that  doing so ensures  that the inmate  is not                                                               
withdrawing unnecessarily  and, when released, can  continue with                                                               
the Methadone program.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
3:52:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS   asked  to  what  extent   medication  assisted                                                               
treatment  in  DOC facilitates  mirrors  the  kind of  medication                                                               
assisted  treatment in  a non-prison  treatment  setting that  is                                                               
only focused on addressing addiction.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS  answered that  the primary  difference between  a DOC                                                               
medication assisted  treatment program and a  medication assisted                                                               
treatment program anywhere else is  the types of medications that                                                               
are  offered.   She said  that  DOC does  not continue  Methadone                                                               
treatment for  an inmate  who will be  incarcerated a  long time.                                                               
She  relayed that  DOC does  not treat  inmates with  Suboxone or                                                               
Buprenorphine, because there is  an incredibly high potential for                                                               
abuse  and diversion.   She  stated that  even though  Alaska DOC                                                               
does   not  use   those   treatment   medications,  other   state                                                               
departments of  correction are looking  at those models  and some                                                               
have started some  pilot projects.  She said that  Alaska DOC has                                                               
not ruled  out use  of these  medications entirely;  however, the                                                               
DOC medical  staff would  need to  have special  Drug Enforcement                                                               
Administration (DEA)  designations to prescribe  such medications                                                               
and currently  it does not.   She  offered that DOC  is exploring                                                               
the  use  medications  that  would be  safe  and  reasonable  for                                                               
expansion in the correctional system.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL asked  Ms. Brooks to tell  the committee what                                                               
Vivitrol and Suboxone are, and he  asked if one was medication to                                                               
treat opioid overdoses.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MS. BROOKS answered  that naltrexone - another  name for Vivitrol                                                               
- is  a medication  primarily used  to manage  opioid dependence.                                                               
She  explained  that  Narcan, or  naloxone,  is  administered  to                                                               
someone who appears  to be overdosing from opioid use.   She said                                                               
that  all  these medications  work  to  block various  receptors;                                                               
there is a great deal  of discussion surrounding which medication                                                               
is best  for an individual.   She  offered that DOC  is expanding                                                               
the MAT  program to have a  "buffet" of medications, so  that the                                                               
inmates have  more options and can  choose the best option.   She                                                               
added that  best practice  is trending  toward more  options, and                                                               
these are safe options.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  STORY  mentioned  that  she has  heard  that  the                                                               
programs are underutilized, and  inmates are not taking advantage                                                               
of them  - particularly the  substance abuse  treatment programs.                                                               
She asked whether that information was accurate.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS.  BROOKS responded,  "You are  correct."   She  said that  DOC                                                               
provides  the  programs, but  the  programs  are optional.    The                                                               
department tries  to provide incentives,  but it finds  that some                                                               
inmates  do  not  want  to   participate  in  a  substance  abuse                                                               
treatment program even when it  is court-ordered.  She added that                                                               
some of  these inmates are  getting probation  violations because                                                               
of refusing treatment;  some would rather spend the  time in jail                                                               
and get out  with no probations or parole, than  be in treatment.                                                               
She  stated  that  this  is  a  huge  challenge  for  DOC.    The                                                               
department has heard from inmates  that availability is an issue;                                                               
treatment may be  available at one facility but  not the facility                                                               
to which  an inmate  has been transferred;  or the  inmate cannot                                                               
start into  a program  at the  point he/she  was in  the previous                                                               
facility.   She offered that  the facilities are trying  to align                                                               
their  treatment programs  so that  an inmate  can transfer  from                                                               
facility  to  facility  as   DOC  population  management  demands                                                               
without  interruption   to  his/her   treatment  program.     She                                                               
reiterated  that Representative  Story's assessment  was correct;                                                               
there was a  substance abuse program in  Lemon Creek Correctional                                                               
Center that was difficult to staff and then underutilized.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
3:58:17 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. WILLIAMS referred to slide  19, entitled "History - Statewide                                                               
Reentry  Efforts," to  point  out that  there  have been  reentry                                                               
efforts  in Alaska  for several  years.   He cited  the declining                                                               
recidivism rates and  suggested that the focus on  how people are                                                               
being released and  their needs is a contributing  factor to that                                                               
decline.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MR.  WILLIAMS  moved on  to  slide  20, entitled  "Local  Reentry                                                               
Coalitions," and  said that in  2016 communities  were discussing                                                               
how  they  could  help  address  the  issues  around  recidivism.                                                               
Coalitions of concerned citizens popped  up around the state; the                                                               
first four [shown on the map on  the left side of the slide] were                                                               
in Anchorage, Matanuska-Susitna  (Mat-Su), Fairbanks, and Juneau;                                                               
they were  funded by the  Trust.  He referred  to the map  on the                                                               
right side of the slide to  point out the expansion of coalitions                                                               
to Nome,  Dillingham, Ketchikan, and Kenai;  these coalitions are                                                               
funded by DHSS.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR.  WILLIAMS turned  to  the  left side  of  slide 21,  entitled                                                               
"Roles  of  a  Reentry  Coalition," and  reviewed  the  coalition                                                               
functions, which read:                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     Roles of a Reentry Coalition                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
     Educate the community about the justice system and the                                                                     
     reentry program,                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
     Identify local challenges facing reentrants,                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
      Identify local gaps in reentry services and identify                                                                      
        collaborative solutions to build capacity in the                                                                        
     community, and                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
      Serve as the local point of contact for the DOC and                                                                       
     its partners in reducing recidivism.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR.  WILLIAMS directed  the committee's  attention  to the  right                                                               
side of  slide 21, entitled "From  Incarceration to Communities,"                                                               
which  illustrates  the  pathway   after  reentry:    the  people                                                               
involved; and  the services  that are needed  to be  successful -                                                               
transportation, access to healthcare, education, and employment.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:02:04 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
DON  HABEGER,  Community  Coordinator, Juneau  Reentry  Coalition                                                               
(JREC),   presented  slides   22-25,  entitled   "Juneau  Reentry                                                               
Coalition."   He stated  the coalition's  mission shown  on slide                                                               
22, which read:                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
     The Juneau  Reentry Coalition's  (JREC) mission  is to,                                                                    
     'promote public safety  by identifying and implementing                                                                    
     strategies  that  increase  a former  prisoner's  well-                                                                    
     being within the community and reduces the likelihood                                                                      
     of their return to prison through recidivating.'                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MR. HABEGER  relayed that this  has been their  mission statement                                                               
since inception in  2013.  He continued by saying  that from 2012                                                               
to 2016,  an average  of 502 individuals  were released  into the                                                               
community of Juneau  annually.  He said that in  2017, Juneau had                                                               
335  [high school]  graduates; therefore,  there  are 50  percent                                                               
more people returning to the community from jail than graduated.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MR. HABEGER stated that JREC  serves as the interface between the                                                               
institution  and the  community.   He goes  into the  Lemon Creek                                                               
Correctional Center  once a month to  meet with the POs  and some                                                               
of the inmates;  he meets with released inmates  in the community                                                               
throughout the day.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MR. HABEGER relayed that JREC  is a collaboration of individuals,                                                               
community stakeholders,  public and not-for-profit  agencies, and                                                               
faith-based and  business partners  who are united  and committed                                                               
to  the goal  of a  safer community.   He  added that  anyone who                                                               
comes to  JREC meetings can  be considered a member  if providing                                                               
an email address.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  KREISS-TOMKINS  asked  Mr.  Habeger whether  he  was  a                                                               
private citizen volunteer  or whether he has  an official liaison                                                               
with the State of Alaska or DOC.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MR. HABEGER answered  that he has a contract with  JREC, which is                                                               
funded  through a  Trust grant  to Juneau;  some coalitions  hire                                                               
staff; for JREC, contracts were a better option.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR KREISS-TOMKINS  asked whether  the reentry work  of JREC                                                               
and the  interface with  DOC has changed  with the  new [Governor                                                               
Michael  J.   Dunleavy]  administration   in  terms   of  policy,                                                               
practice, and procedures.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR.  HABEGER responded,  "Really, no."    He said  that from  his                                                               
perspective,  JREC's relations  with DOC  is much  the same.   He                                                               
offered that in one respect there  has been improvement.  He gave                                                               
an  example:    There  was  a  staffing  shortage  in  the  local                                                               
probation office.   More people were hired, and  when Mr. Habeger                                                               
asked them what  JREC could do as a reentry  coalition to improve                                                               
the process, they specified having  incentives to give successful                                                               
reentry  people.   He secured  meal cards  from the  local Subway                                                               
[restaurant]  as a  special  treat to  incentivize  success.   He                                                               
maintained  that  it was  an  example  of the  community  working                                                               
together.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:07:52 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR. HABEGER  turned to slide 23  to review the JREC  focus areas.                                                               
The  first is  quick access  to behavioral  health treatment  and                                                               
support,  especially substance  misuse  treatment.   He  reported                                                               
that progress  has been made  on that focus area  through clinics                                                               
with "drop-in"  time slots for  people wanting  immediate access.                                                               
The second focus  area involves reentry housing:   someone coming                                                               
out of  incarceration has  limited resources;  finding affordable                                                               
housing, particularly  in Juneau,  is a real  challenge; however,                                                               
some progress has  been made.  He mentioned  that Gastineau Human                                                               
Services (GHS) is the local  community resident center (CRC) - or                                                               
halfway house.   He  said that  GHS will  offer housing  at times                                                               
even  for  people   who  have  been  released  and   out  of  DOC                                                               
jurisdiction.   He mentioned Haven  House in Juneau, which  is an                                                               
8-bed  facility  for  women,  is  about  three  years  old.    He                                                               
maintained that  one of the challenges  in Juneau is the  lack of                                                               
such a  place for  men.   He said that  Tlingit and  Haida Indian                                                               
Tribes  of Alaska  ("Tlingit &  Haida")  is working  on a  16-bed                                                               
transitional  housing program  for men,  planned to  be completed                                                               
this  summer [2019].   He  relayed  that beginning  on January  1                                                               
[2019],   JREC  offered   two  classes   in   which  those   with                                                               
demonstrated  years  of   successful  reentry  assisted  recently                                                               
released individuals in achieving reentry success.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MR. HABEGER  moved on  to slide 24  to discuss  JREC's structure.                                                               
He relayed  that community members  are "first and  foremost" and                                                               
welcomed to be involved.  There  is a governance body, which is a                                                               
15-member  volunteer  organization   representing  all  areas  of                                                               
expertise  across the  community  -  law enforcement,  behavioral                                                               
health, "family support  victims," and the legal  profession.  He                                                               
continued  by explaining  JREC's "co-chair  system":   DOC has  a                                                               
chair  on the  coalition leadership;  it is  currently filled  by                                                               
someone from  the DOC facility, but  in the past has  been filled                                                               
by someone from DOC's Pretrial  Enforcement Division (PED) and by                                                               
someone  from a  Division  of Probation  and  Parole (DPP)  field                                                               
office.   He offered that on  an annual basis a  community member                                                               
is elected to be on the  coalition leadership team.  He explained                                                               
that  the leadership  team  uses a  workgroup  format focused  on                                                               
eight areas  to solve problems  for the community.   He mentioned                                                               
that he  serves as staff to  the work as coordinator.   He stated                                                               
that a fiscal  agent is employed to perform  fiscal oversight and                                                               
reporting.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MR.  HABEGER referred  to slide  25 to  summarize:   he mentioned                                                               
JREC's role  in the  reentry process, its  role as  the interface                                                               
between the  institution and the community,  and functions JREC's                                                               
performs.    He  emphasized  the importance  of  case  management                                                               
services:   since inception, 63 individuals  have volunteered for                                                               
the JREC  program; out of  those, 11 were non-compliant  with the                                                               
program, or about 17 percent.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
4:12:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ALYSA WOODEN, Program Coordinator,  Division of Behavioral Health                                                               
(DBH), Department  of Health and Social  Services (DHSS), relayed                                                               
that she manages  and implements grants and contracts  for DBH to                                                               
serve  individuals involved  with  the  criminal justice  system.                                                               
She stated that  her presentation would be  a high-level overview                                                               
of  some  of the  programs  that  DBH  manages  in terms  of  its                                                               
community  reentry  support.    She  referred  to  slides  26-29,                                                               
entitled  "Division  of  Behavioral Health  &  Community  Reentry                                                               
Supports."    She described  DBH's  support  services as  falling                                                               
within three groups.  The  first group is "Direct Service," which                                                               
consists  of reentry  case  management,  reentry centers,  Alaska                                                               
Medicaid Coordinated Care Initiative  (AMCCI), and Alaska Housing                                                               
Finance Corporation (AHFC) Returning  Home Program vouchers.  She                                                               
stated that DBH helps to  fund, manage, and implement the reentry                                                               
centers  and case  managers  across  the state.    It works  with                                                               
coalitions  in  Anchorage,  Mat-Su, Juneau,  and  Fairbanks,  and                                                               
assists  with grants  that give  those locations  a case  manager                                                               
position  to coordinate  services for  individuals coming  out of                                                               
DOC.  She  said the DBH also provides grant  funding for the AHFC                                                               
Returning  Home  Program.    She offered  that  this  program  is                                                               
intended to  provide the individuals  coming out  of institutions                                                               
with housing support.   The program is not just  in Anchorage but                                                               
serves other locations  across the state; it is  not just focused                                                               
on individuals, but also supports  families.  She said that about                                                               
23 percent of  the households served have children.   She relayed                                                               
that DBH is trying to ensure  it is using its resources statewide                                                               
in a variety of programs to reduce recidivism.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
MS. WOODEN related that DBH  also works with AMCCI, which affords                                                               
the division the  opportunity to partner with  DOC and community-                                                               
based  providers  to  connect   individuals  to  healthcare;  DBH                                                               
recognizes that the  reentry population may be  high-users of the                                                               
emergency  care system,  and  connecting  these individuals  with                                                               
primary care  could reduce emergency department  (ED) utilization                                                               
rates.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS  referred  to a  Legislative  Research  Services                                                               
study which showed  that the state saved general  fund (GF) money                                                               
through Medicaid expansion and some  of those savings were in DOC                                                               
reentry programs.                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
MS.  WOODEN responded  that the  reentry population  "touches on"                                                               
many  different categories  - from  housing  and homelessness  to                                                               
treatment.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:16:40 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS. WOODEN continued by addressing  the second group, "Prevention                                                               
and  Early  Intervention,"  and   said  that  prevention  can  be                                                               
categorized  as primary,  secondary, and  tertiary.   She offered                                                               
that  ensuring that  there are  community supports  in place  for                                                               
individuals at risk for committing  crimes and who have committed                                                               
crimes is a very important piece  of reducing recidivism.  One of                                                               
the  focus  areas  consists of  building  support  statewide  for                                                               
people coming out of DOC, and  not just in Anchorage; with [USDOJ                                                               
Justice Reinvestment  Initiative] program  funds, DBH  is working                                                               
with  other   communities  who  have   DOC  releases   -  Juneau,                                                               
Fairbanks, and Mat-Su - to develop the resources locally.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MS.  WOODEN  moved  on  to  discuss  the  third  group,  "Program                                                               
Infrastructure,"  which  addresses  increased  collaboration  and                                                               
communication  at  the state  level  and  between the  state  and                                                               
communities.     She  emphasized  that  DOC   has  very  thorough                                                               
information  on  people released  from  DOC;  the OMPs  are  very                                                               
detailed  and  can  provide   useful  information  for  community                                                               
providers;  however, community  providers  are  unable to  access                                                               
those  plans.   She maintained  that through  the utilization  of                                                               
resources and  work with communities, vetted  individuals now can                                                               
access  the  plans  and  the referrals  and  base  the  community                                                               
transition plans off  the work that DOC has done.   She concluded                                                               
by  saying  that  the  programs DBH  funds  are  targeted  toward                                                               
individuals  who are  medium- to  high-risk felony,  misdemeanor,                                                               
and sex  offenders; these are the  groups that are hard  to place                                                               
in community services.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS. WOODEN skipped ahead to slide  29 to highlight areas that DBH                                                               
wishes to  pursue; these include addressing  systematic barriers,                                                               
increasing  training to  providers  on evidence-based  practices;                                                               
and partnering  with an independent  evaluator to  assess program                                                               
outcomes.  She  stated that DBH has developed  a partnership with                                                               
the  University  of Alaska  (UA),  which  will be  assessing  the                                                               
programs starting with the fiscal year 2020 (FY 20).                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
4:20:09 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JOSHUA  SOPKO, Deputy  Director, Partners  Reentry Center  (PRC),                                                               
addressed slides  30-31, entitled "Partners Reentry  Center," and                                                               
stated that the  PRC is in downtown Anchorage  within a 10-minute                                                               
walk from  the Anchorage Correctional  Complex.  He  relayed that                                                               
PRC  accepts  applications  pre-release  to  secure  housing  for                                                               
people who are releasing homeless,  as well as, from walk-ins; it                                                               
helps  people  with  their  immediate   needs,  such  as  finding                                                               
employment; it  offers help in behavioral  modification and sober                                                               
support.   He  stated  that  most of  the  people  PRC helps  are                                                               
medium- to high-risk  people according to their  Level of Service                                                               
Inventory -  Revised (LSI-R) results and  their criminal history.                                                               
He  added  that  PRC  uses  motivational  interviewing  and  goal                                                               
setting to establish  a plan for each person,  along with his/her                                                               
buy-in,  since  the program  is  voluntary.    He said  that  PRC                                                               
encourages  its  clients  to  continue   to  work  with  PRC  and                                                               
incentivizes  them with  additional  housing support.   He  added                                                               
that  ideally PRC  works with  its  clients for  three months  to                                                               
assist them  with transitional housing;  if employed  and secure,                                                               
PRC helps  them move  into their  own places.   He said  that PRC                                                               
provides     the    following:          frequent    visits     to                                                               
PRC; getting  them to appointments;  ensuring they  are following                                                               
probation conditions;  and helping them  do what they need  to do                                                               
to  stay  out  of  trouble, avoid  technical  violations,  change                                                               
behavior for the better, and not commit new crimes.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
MR. SOPKO turned to slide 31  to review the three main pillars of                                                               
the work done by  PRC.  He relayed that PRC  sees about 69 people                                                               
per day; staff prioritize clients  as they enter; clients use the                                                               
computer lab; staff provide case  management and follow up on the                                                               
goals that  the clients  set.   He said  that the  stable housing                                                               
that PRC initially provides really  helps the released offenders;                                                               
one of  their greatest concerns  - having  a safe place  to sleep                                                               
for the night - is met; it allows  them to focus on the hard work                                                               
of  changing themselves  for the  better.   He imparted  that PRC                                                               
partners with many, many agencies  to accomplish what it does; it                                                               
offers Moral Reconation Therapy  (MRT) training and sober support                                                               
groups; it  refers people  to other  agencies for  long-term case                                                               
management  and behavioral  change; it  works with  providers for                                                               
substance  abuse  and  medically assisted  treatment;  it  refers                                                               
people directly  to Alaska Regional Hospital  myHealth Clinic for                                                               
Vivitrol  and  to  other providers  offering  medically  assisted                                                               
treatment.   He offered that most  of the people assisted  by PRC                                                               
are  Trust  beneficiaries;  staff   provide  them  with  outreach                                                               
services  to sign  up for  the Supplemental  Nutrition Assistance                                                               
Program (SNAP), food  stamps, and Medicaid; staff  help them with                                                               
budgeting; staff try to help  the clients overcome barriers while                                                               
"doing things  right for  the first time  or overcoming  shame at                                                               
their past decisions."                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:25:14 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHRISTINA   SCHADURA,   Support   Services  and   Data   Analysis                                                               
Coordinator,  Partners Reentry  Center (PRC),  referred to  slide                                                               
32, entitled  "Partners Reentry Center," and  stated that through                                                               
her presentation, she  would submit a data sample  to an internal                                                               
program study for  PRC.  She relayed that the  purpose behind the                                                               
study was:  an attempt  to determine if a community-based program                                                               
model,  like  the  reentry  center,  could  have  any  measurable                                                               
outcomes  for reducing  recidivism  by  quantifying whether  full                                                               
engagement  versus non-engagement  in  a reentry  program made  a                                                               
difference  in   an  individual's  recidivism   rate  immediately                                                               
following incarceration.   She added  that the study  tracked new                                                               
charges within a specific date  range for both identified profile                                                               
groups.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MS. SCHADURA said  that for the purpose of  the study, recidivism                                                               
was defined as any combination of  one or more new misdemeanor or                                                               
felony  charges resulting  in the  re-arrest, re-conviction,  and                                                               
remand into  custody.   For the  study, the  researchers utilized                                                               
the in-house client  tracking access database, as well  as two of                                                               
the  programs available  to them,  CourtView and  VINElink.   The                                                               
time frame for the study was FY  17 to FY 18.  The study included                                                               
two  groups:    one  was  the control  group  -  the  non-program                                                               
engagement group  - of approximately 150  individuals; the second                                                               
was the program group of  150 individuals who actively engaged in                                                               
the services  PRC offered.   She said that  every one of  the 300                                                               
study  subjects  were  pre-assigned  with  an  LSI-R  Risk-Needs-                                                               
Responsivity  (RNR) assessment  score, administered  and provided                                                               
to PRC  by a DOC probation  officer who had referred  each of the                                                               
individuals  to PRC  through the  First Week  Out (FWO)  program.                                                               
She explained  that FWO refers to  a referral designed to  act as                                                               
both a pre-release  and discharge plan with a  focus on immediate                                                               
stabilization post  incarceration for needs such  as coordinating                                                               
transitional  housing,  accessing   referrals  in  the  community                                                               
treatment  programs, and  starting  reentry on  a  path to  self-                                                               
sustainability the first week back into the community.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SCHADURA stated  that for  the  purpose of  the data  study,                                                               
"engagement"  was defined  as follows:   attending  and utilizing                                                               
the  reentry center  a  minimum  of seven  or  more times;  being                                                               
offered case  management services; having a  change in emergency,                                                               
transitional, or  permanent housing; being offered  referrals for                                                               
mental  health  and  substance  abuse  treatment  options;  being                                                               
offered  benefit outreach  for enrollment  in Medicaid  and SNAP;                                                               
and being  offered money management counseling  and participation                                                               
in  peer support  groups.   She emphasized  that everyone  in the                                                               
program group  met each  of the engagement  criteria.   She added                                                               
that  everyone in  the  program group  began  the job  laboratory                                                               
(lab)  employment  process  by attending  workshops,  creating  a                                                               
resume, and performing mandatory job  searches.  She reviewed the                                                               
results  of the  study  from the  slide, which  read  in part  as                                                               
follows [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     65%.....Applied for Medicaid/SNAP                                                                                          
     31%.....referred to & utilized Treatment providers                                                                         
     61%..... Gained Full-Time Employment                                                                                       
       An average of $597.63 was spent per participant on                                                                       
     Housing costs for the FY18 Date Range.                                                                                     
     91%..... Assessed as Med-Max Risk/Needs                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  SCHADURA offered  that referrals  and collaborations  in the                                                               
communities  is critical  for PRC  as it  can assist  the reentry                                                               
population better  when able to  work in coordination  with other                                                               
social service  agencies, state departments,  treatment programs,                                                               
and housing providers;  it reduces the chance  for duplication of                                                               
services   from  individual   to   individual   and  allows   all                                                               
organizations involved  to better  track a  community's available                                                               
resources.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
MS. SCHADURA  moved on to  slide 33 and  asked, "Are we  making a                                                               
difference?"   She reiterated that  for the purpose of  the study                                                               
data, recidivism  was defined as  any combination of one  or more                                                               
new  misdemeanor  and/or  felony  charges resulting  in  the  re-                                                               
arrest,  re-conviction,  and remand  into  custody;  it does  not                                                               
capture  Petitions to  Revoke Probation  (PTRPs) or  violation of                                                               
conditions of  release or  parole.   She stated  that researchers                                                               
were able  to track  each of  the 300 study  subjects based  on a                                                               
guilty conviction  of a  new misdemeanor,  felony, or  felony and                                                               
misdemeanor charged  together occurring  after the  program entry                                                               
date at  the reentry center.   She reported  the results:   41 of                                                               
the 150 people who engaged  in the program recidivated, resulting                                                               
in  a re-arrest,  re-conviction, and  return  to custody  - a  27                                                               
percent  recidivism rate;  72 of  the 150  people in  the control                                                               
group  recidivated, resulting  in  re-arrest, re-conviction,  and                                                               
return to custody  - a 48 percent recidivism rate.   She reminded                                                               
the  committee  that the  sample  size  of  the  data is  a  mere                                                               
fraction  of   the  population  the   center  has   served  since                                                               
inception;  however,  it  does  suggest  a  positive  correlation                                                               
between  meaningful  engagement  into a  community-based  program                                                               
that  provides   the  accountability,   the  referral,   and  the                                                               
(indisc.)  services based  on need  contributing  to a  decreased                                                               
likelihood  of recidivating.   She  added that  PRC currently  is                                                               
expanding the number of participants  tracked in these two groups                                                               
to cast  a wider  net on  its participant  base to  reaffirm that                                                               
these trends are accurate.   She expressed the desire to quantify                                                               
the  belief  that  reentry   and  transitional  services  provide                                                               
necessary  assistance in  destabilized criminal  justice-involved                                                               
members  of  the  community while  promoting  public  safety  for                                                               
Alaskans.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:30:24 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MR.  WILLIAMS referred  to  the study  results on  slide  33 -  a                                                               
comparison  of the  recidivism percentages  of the  program group                                                               
versus those of the control group.   He reiterated that there was                                                               
a  27  percent   recidivism  rate  for  those   who  engaged  and                                                               
participated  in the  program.   He  referred to  the decline  in                                                               
recidivism  rates   for  Alaska  discussed  by   Ms.  Brooks  and                                                               
maintained  that engagement  with  the  reentry populations  help                                                               
them and  the community  be safer.   He pointed  out that  the 48                                                               
percent recidivism rate of the  control group was still below the                                                               
61 percent for CY2015  shown on slide 3.  He  added, "You may not                                                               
get someone  to fully  engage with  you, but  just the  fact that                                                               
you're helping them access and  navigate a complex service system                                                               
in our  communities, in and  of itself,  will help to  reduce the                                                               
likelihood  that they  will commit  a new  crime."   He concluded                                                               
that partnerships,  communication, and access to  the services in                                                               
the  community is  what really  will help  drive down  recidivism                                                               
rates, increase public safety, and create healthier communities.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
4:32:02 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS  expressed his  interest  in  following up  with                                                               
several  issues brought  forward by  the presentation  that could                                                               
possibly  lead  to  statutory  updates.   He  mentioned  them  as                                                               
follows:  moving the 90-day  OMP to start right after sentencing;                                                               
amending  statutory language  regarding coordination  between DOC                                                               
and  non-profit reentry  service providers;  and identifying  key                                                               
elements of OMPs to ensure they are as robust as possible.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE VANCE  mentioned that  in the [2/20/19]  speech to                                                               
the  Joint Session  of the  Alaska State  Legislature by  [Alaska                                                               
Supreme Court  Chief Justice  Joel H.  Bolger], he  highlighted a                                                               
project to create easier access to  legal services.  She asked if                                                               
that would be  implemented for released offenders  to assist them                                                               
with accessing services.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MR. WILLIAMS responded  that he would put that  initiative on the                                                               
list  of tools  to be  employed to  connect people  to the  right                                                               
services in the community.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:33:49 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took a brief at-ease at 4:34 p.m.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
                    HB  57-CHILD LABOR HOURS                                                                                
                                                                                                                              
4:34:08 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS announced  that the next order  of business would                                                               
be HOUSE  BILL NO. 57, "An  Act relating to expanding  the period                                                               
in a  day during which  an employed child  under 16 years  of age                                                               
may perform  work in the  summer; and providing for  an effective                                                               
date."                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:34:26 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR KREISS-TOMKINS moved to  adopt Amendment 1, [labeled 31-                                                               
LS0271\M.3, Wayne, 3/13/19], which read:                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
     Page 2, line 4:                                                                                                            
          Delete "5:00 a.m."                                                                                                    
          Insert "4:00 a.m."                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS objected for the purpose of discussion.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR KREISS-TOMKINS  explained that Amendment 1  would change                                                               
the  summer working  hours  by replacing  the  beginning time,  5                                                               
a.m.,  with 4  a.m.    He expressed  that  in  sport fishing  and                                                               
charter  lodges in  coastal  Alaska, youth  often  bus tables  or                                                               
provide services during a "pre-fishing"  shift, which could be as                                                               
early as 4 a.m.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS removed his objection.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
4:36:02 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL  expressed his  belief  that  sleep is  very                                                               
important for  youth, thus, objected  to the  proposed amendment.                                                               
He asked  for confirmation that  the proposed  legislation cannot                                                               
pass into  law without  Alaska getting a  federal waiver  [to the                                                               
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)].                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
4:37:02 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   TAMMIE   WILSON,   Alaska   State   Legislature,                                                               
responded that  Alaska does need a  waiver.  She said  that staff                                                               
in U.S. Senator  Dan Sullivan's office are  pursuing this matter.                                                               
She expressed that  Alaska would need a waiver whether  or not HB                                                               
57 passes, because  currently Alaska hours, 5 a.m. to  9 p.m., do                                                               
not correspond with  the federally mandated hours of 7  a.m. to 9                                                               
p.m.   She  pointed out  that regarding  the proposed  amendment,                                                               
parents do  not have  to let their  children work;  for alternate                                                               
lifestyles, sleep hours can be adjusted accordingly.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WOOL  acknowledged  that parents  would  have  to                                                               
consent; however,  he offered that  if working in a  remote area,                                                               
such as  at a  lodge, youth  may respond  to other  than parental                                                               
guidance.  He offered that  with the proposed legislation, Alaska                                                               
is already "pushing the envelope,"  and there has not been public                                                               
testimony.  He maintained his objection to Amendment 1.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE LEDOUX offered that in  summer it is light out [at                                                               
night]; kids  don't go  to bed anyway;  therefore, they  might as                                                               
well be doing something productive.   She said that because it is                                                               
summer, there is plenty of time for sleep.                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  VANCE  asked  whether   the  federal  waiver,  if                                                               
granted, would specify  the hours for the extension,  or only the                                                               
hours stated in HB 57.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WILSON  responded that  she  has  no idea.    She                                                               
expressed her  understanding that  Alaska would insert  the hours                                                               
it desired  into the waiver  with justification, and  the federal                                                               
government  would make  its determination.   She  maintained that                                                               
Legislative  Legal Services  informed  her office  of the  waiver                                                               
application, but she  has yet to see one.   She confirmed that HB                                                               
57 cannot pass without the waiver.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  VANCE  expressed that  she  does  not oppose  the                                                               
proposed  amendment but  would like  public input.   She  relayed                                                               
that she  recalls being a  young worker in her  coastal community                                                               
and offered  that if 14- and  15-year-olds are willing to  get up                                                               
that early in the morning or  stay working that late at night, it                                                               
should not be discouraged.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SHAW  expressed that  if  Alaska  can extend  bar                                                               
hours in the  summer, then it should be able  to extend hours for                                                               
youth wanting to work at 4 a.m. during the summer.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE LEDOUX asked for  clarification that whether HB 57                                                               
passes or doesn't pass, Alaska is not currently in compliance.                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  WILSON replied,  "You  are correct."   She  added                                                               
that many people  throughout the state do not  realize that there                                                               
is a  federal law  that is different  from Alaska  law [regarding                                                               
work  hours for  youth].   She said  that HB  57 attempts  to put                                                               
young  workers in  compliance [with  federal and  state law]  and                                                               
allow them to work in the job in which they anticipated working.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  LEDOUX   asked  whether  pursuing   the  proposed                                                               
legislation  puts Alaska  in danger  of revealing  [Alaska's non-                                                               
compliance]  to  the  federal   government  and  ending  up  with                                                               
enforcement activity.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WILSON  responded, "Too  late."  She  relayed that                                                               
Senator Sullivan  put a  formal request in  today and  added that                                                               
the federal  government probably is  already aware of  the issue.                                                               
She stated  that the [federal]  law has  been in existence  for a                                                               
very long time;  she does not know if other  extensions have been                                                               
granted; every state is different, and situations change.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:43:06 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL  referred to  the difficulty of  getting kids                                                               
up early and maintained  that they would not go to  bed at 7 p.m.                                                               
to get  eight hours of  sleep before having to  get up at  3 a.m.                                                               
He offered the  possibility that starting work at 4  a.m. may, in                                                               
some cases,  be coerced by  a supervisor  and not voluntary.   He                                                               
suggested that extending an hour at  each end of the work day may                                                               
make it more likely that the waiver is not granted.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
4:44:20 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at-ease from 4:44 p.m. to 4:45 p.m.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
4:45:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  KREISS-TOMKINS  expressed  that  the  most  significant                                                               
issue regarding the  proposed legislation is that  the reality of                                                               
what  is  happening  in  Alaska right  now  is  incongruent  with                                                               
federal law.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
4:45:55 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS took a brief at-ease at 4:46 p.m.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
A roll call vote was  taken.  Representatives Story, Vance, Shaw,                                                               
LeDoux,  and  Kreiss-Tomkins  voted  in  favor  of  Amendment  1.                                                               
Representatives  Wool and  Fields voted  against it.   Therefore,                                                               
Amendment 1 passed by a vote of 5-2.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
4:47:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took a brief at-ease at 4:47 p.m.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
4:47:20 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE WOOL  reiterated that  a U.S. Department  of Labor                                                               
(USDOL) waiver would be needed for HB 57 to pass.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
4:48:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR KREISS-TOMKINS  moved to report  HB 57, as  amended, out                                                               
of   committee   with    individual   recommendations   and   the                                                               
accompanying zero  fiscal note.   There being no  objection, CSHB                                                               
57(STA)  was  reported  from the  House  State  Affairs  Standing                                                               
Committee.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:48:38 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at-ease from 4:48 to 4:50 p.m.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
              HB  83-PROHIBIT VOTING BY FACSIMILE                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
4:50:19 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR FIELDS announced that the  final order of business would                                                               
be HOUSE  BILL NO. 83, "An  Act relating to voting  by electronic                                                               
transmission in a state election;  and providing for an effective                                                               
date."                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
[Before the  committee, adopted as  a work draft on  3/12/19, was                                                               
the  committee substitute  (CS) for  HB 83,  Version 31-LS0635\M,                                                               
Bullard, 3/11/19.]                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
4:50:53 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  FIELDS  opened  public  testimony  on  HB  83.    After                                                               
ascertaining  that no  one wished  to testify,  he closed  public                                                               
testimony.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
4:51:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  LEDOUX asked  whether the  Division of  Elections                                                               
(DOE) supports the proposed legislation.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:51:26 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
GAIL FENUMIAI,  Director, Division of Elections  (DOE), Office of                                                               
the  Lieutenant  Governor (OLG),  responded  that  DOE is  always                                                               
supportive of maintaining high levels  of security and instilling                                                               
public trust in  the election process.  Its position  is that the                                                               
proposed legislation would support that effort.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
4:53:03 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SHAW  moved  to   report  CSHB  83,  Version  31-                                                               
LS0635\M,  Bullard, 3/11/19,  out  of  committee with  individual                                                               
recommendations  and the  accompanying zero  fiscal note.   There                                                               
being  no objection,  CSHB 83(STA)  was reported  from the  House                                                               
State Affairs Standing Committee.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
4:53:35 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNMENT                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
There being no  further business before the  committee, the House                                                               
State Affairs  Standing Committee  meeting was adjourned  at 4:53                                                               
p.m.                                                                                                                            

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
Recidivism Reduction and Reentry House State Affairs Presentation 3.14.19.pdf HSTA 3/14/2019 3:00:00 PM
Additional Document - Partners Reentry Center 3.14.19.pdf HSTA 3/14/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB57 Amendment v M.3 3.14.19.pdf HSTA 3/14/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 57
HB57 Amendment #1 3.14.19.pdf HSTA 3/14/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 57
Committee on Committees Resolution - 31-LS0673_U 3.14.19.pdf HSTA 3/14/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB083 Supporting Document-Report NIST 3.26.19.pdf HSTA 3/14/2019 3:00:00 PM
HB 83