Legislature(1993 - 1994)

02/02/1993 08:00 AM STA

Audio Topic
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
  HB 69: SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION                                             
  Number 553                                                                   
  CHAIRMAN VEZEY said the committee would need to review HB 43                 
  more.  He then read the title of HB 69 and asked Doug                        
  Wooliver if he would like to speak on behalf of the sponsor,                 
  Representative Barnes.                                                       
  Number 560                                                                   
  PRIME SPONSOR of HB 69, gave an overview of the value in                     
  registering sex offenders.  He stated attempted sexual                       
  assault convictions would also be included.  He said the                     
  registration length started after the unconditional                          
  discharge.  He gave a list of the information that would be                  
  available to the public and explained why the information                    
  would be barred by the right to privacy.  He shared                          
  statistics regarding recidivism.  The information would                      
  better protect the public by allowing background checks to                   
  be easier, he said, and spoke of other states with similar                   
  TAPE 93-11, SIDE B                                                           
  Number 099                                                                   
  CHAIRMAN VEZEY asked a question relating to registration in                  
  section 4, page 2, paragraph C of HB 69.                                     
  Number 118                                                                   
  BARNES, said there were areas of the North Slope where                       
  Public Safety offices were closer than a State Trooper's                     
  office.  It would be extreme to require someone to travel                    
  200 miles to register at a troopers' office when the                         
  Department of Public Safety office would be acceptable, he                   
  Number 149                                                                   
  REPRESENTATIVE PETE KOTT asked if HB 69 included                             
  registration of minors.                                                      
  Number 154                                                                   
  MR. WOOLIVER said it would include minors who were convicted                 
  as an adult, yet juveniles might petition the court to seal                  
  their records.                                                               
  REPRESENTATIVE B. DAVIS discussed the amendment difference                   
  between the committee substitute (CS) and the original one.                  
  CHAIRMAN VEZEY discussed the amendment.                                      
  Number 203                                                                   
  MR. WOOLIVER explained the change in CSHB 69 and what the                    
  changes did.                                                                 
  Number 253                                                                   
  REPRESENTATIVE B. DAVIS asked if the chair would like her to                 
  move CSHB 69.                                                                
  CHAIRMAN VEZEY stated the committee should review CSHB 69                    
  until the next meeting.                                                      
  Number 260                                                                   
  REPRESENTATIVE KOTT asked if CSHB 69 would be retroactive                    
  and if all sex offenders would register.  He also referenced                 
  the fiscal note showing no increased costs.                                  
  Number 268                                                                   
  MR. WOOLIVER explained the fiscal note from Public Safety.                   
  Number 286                                                                   
  REPRESENTATIVE KOTT discussed the Expo Facto Law.                            
  Number 289                                                                   
  MR. WOOLIVER stated the Expo Facto Law was in effect when                    
  punishment changed.  He added CSHB 69 was regulatory only                    
  and did not promulgate an increase in punishment.                            
  Number 330                                                                   
  REPRESENTATIVE OLBERG clarified CSHB 69 applied only to sex                  
  Number 335                                                                   
  MR. WOOLIVER responded in the affirmative.                                   
  Number 343                                                                   
  ASSAULT, spoke in support of CSHB 69.  She shared statistics                 
  regarding sex crimes and said Alaska was the rape capital of                 
  the nation.  She noted there was a higher suicide rate on                    
  those assaulted, sex offenders reoffend, and most offenders                  
  were not treated.  When there was treatment, there was no                    
  follow-up.  Most offenders had a prior history of assaults                   
  before being caught.  They hide information and CSHB 69                      
  would make past information obtainable, she added.                           
  Number 397                                                                   
  REPRESENTATIVE GARY DAVIS asked if there were statistics                     
  regarding rehabilitated sex offenders.                                       
  Number 400                                                                   
  MS. SMITH was not aware of any such statistics in Alaska.                    
  Nationally the recidivism was twenty to forty percent with                   
  treatment, she added.                                                        
  Number 412                                                                   
  ASSAULT, spoke in support of CSHB 69.  He was a police                       
  officer for 15 years.  For the past 9 years he investigated                  
  sex offenders.  He discussed treatment for offenders.  Many                  
  people came to Alaska to get away from their past, he said.                  
  He added CSHB 69 would be a reminder of how seriously Alaska                 
  took these crimes and their conduct.  It might be a good                     
  deterrent but that was not the purpose of CSHB 69 since it                   
  was not an added punishment, he noted.                                       
  Number 445                                                                   
  REPRESENTATIVE KOTT asked if there were any statistics to                    
  show if the registration program might deter sex offenders                   
  from repeating their crime.                                                  
  Number 451                                                                   
  MR. KLAMSER was not aware of any such statistics because it                  
  would be too hard to track.                                                  

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