Legislature(2019 - 2020)BARNES 124

04/24/2019 01:00 PM RESOURCES

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Audio Topic
01:02:22 PM Start
01:02:51 PM HR8
01:41:41 PM Presentation(s): Fisheries Taxes in Alaska, Department of Revenue
02:57:28 PM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+ Presentations: TELECONFERENCED
Fisheries Taxes in Alaska by Dept. of
Revenue by
- Brandon Spanos, Deputy Director, Tax Division,
Dept. of Revenue
- Commissioner Bruce Tangeman, Dept. of Revenue
- Elizabeth Nudelman, Revenue Audit Supervisor,
Fish Tax Group, Dept. of Revenue
Alaska Commercial Fishing Industry Update by
Frances Leach, Exec. Dir., United Fishermen of
Alaska
-- Testimony <Invitation Only> --
+ HR 8 2019: INT'L YEAR OF THE SALMON TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
                 HR 8-2019: INT'L YEAR OF THE SALMON                                                                        
                                                                                                                              
1:02:51 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR LINCOLN announced  the first order of business  would be HOUSE                                                         
RESOLUTION NO.  8, Recognizing  2019 as the  International Year  of the                                                         
Salmon and supporting  an associated global initiative  identifying the                                                         
importance of wild salmon.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
1:03:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
THATCHER  BROUWER,  Staff,  Representative  Geran  Tarr,  Alaska  State                                                         
Legislature, on  behalf of Representative  Tarr, introduced HR 8.   Mr.                                                         
Brouwer said  HR 8  recognizes 2019  as the  International Year  of the                                                         
Salmon  and supports  an associated  global initiative  identifying the                                                         
importance  of  wild  salmon.     Further,  the  resolution  identifies                                                         
significant  cultural and  economic  impacts salmon  have  on the  West                                                         
Coast and  describes that some salmon  runs are thriving, and  some are                                                         
not,  and require  costly  recovery and  rehabilitation  efforts.   The                                                         
International Year  of the Salmon  is a  project launched by  the North                                                         
Pacific  Anadromous  Fish  Commission  and the  North  Atlantic  Salmon                                                         
Conservation Organization.   Mr. Brouwer said early in  2019, he became                                                         
aware of  the International Year  of the  Salmon and of  the continuing                                                         
salmon  research and  outreach  resulting from  the global  initiative.                                                         
For  example,   21  international  scientists  conducted   a  five-week                                                         
scientific expedition in the Gulf of  Alaska, and are now analyzing the                                                         
data that  was collected.   The  scientists are  using DNA  to identify                                                         
stock-specific  rearing of  all  five species  of  salmon to  determine                                                         
their abundance and  condition.  Other projects include  dam removal in                                                         
Maine and  river cleanup  projects  in Northern Ireland.   The  overall                                                         
theme of  the initiative is:   Salmon and  people in a  changing world.                                                         
Supporting HR 8 is  a way for the state to  recognize the importance of                                                         
salmon  to our  state,  and around  the  world,  and encourage  greater                                                         
research   of  salmon   and   factors  that   impact  their   survival.                                                         
Recognizing that salmon are a shared  resource along the West Coast, HR
8  was  introduced  in  conjunction with  measures  in  Washington  and                                                         
Oregon.    The  health  of   salmon  populations  across  the  Northern                                                         
Hemisphere varies but even the  strongest salmon populations are facing                                                         
threats  from  both humans  and  the changing  environment;  scientists                                                         
still have  a lot to  learn about  salmon lifecycles in  order preserve                                                         
critical subsistence, sport,  and commercial fisheries.   By passing HR
8, the legislature  acknowledges 2019 is the International  Year of the                                                         
Salmon  and directs  attention to  research  and events  of the  global                                                         
International Year of the Salmon (IYS) initiative.                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
1:07:15 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  HANNAN   asked  whether  Washington  and   Oregon  have                                                         
allocated additional revenue for wild salmon research.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MR. BROUWER clarified  Washington and Oregon have not  yet passed their                                                         
related resolutions.   He expressed  his understanding neither  of said                                                         
resolutions  have accompanying  fiscal notes  or allocated  funds.   In                                                         
response to Representative Tuck, he  said the "salmosphere" encompasses                                                         
the Northern  Hemisphere, from Atlantic  salmon runs on the  East Coast                                                         
and Pacific  salmon runs on  the West Coast, to  the Bering Sea  and in                                                         
Europe.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  TARR  stated  the  resolution   could  be  the  beginning  of                                                         
collaboration  between jurisdictions  on  ways to  share research  into                                                         
salmon in the Pacific Northwest.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  HOPKINS  questioned whether  HR  8  should address  the                                                         
perils of farmed salmon to wild salmon.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
MR. BROUWER deferred to the sponsor.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
1:11:29 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
An audio recording of a portion  of the 4/23/19 House Special Committee                                                         
on Fisheries meeting was played from 1:11 p.m. to 1:18 p.m.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
1:18:31 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MARK  SAUNDERS, Director,  International  Year of  the Salmon,  Pacific                                                         
Region,  North   Pacific  Anadromous  Fish  Commission,   informed  the                                                         
committee the commission  was formed 26 years ago, and  its members are                                                         
Canada, the U.S.,  Japan, South Korea, and Russia.   The commission was                                                         
formed to coordinate enforcement and  science in shutting down the high                                                         
sea  driftnet  fishery.   Currently,  the  commission works  on  salmon                                                         
conservation   in   partnership   with  the   North   Atlantic   Salmon                                                         
Conservation  Organization.   He said  2019 is  the focal  year of  the                                                         
International Year of the Salmon, which  is a five-year initiative that                                                         
seeks  to  address  threats  to  salmon  from  people  and  a  changing                                                         
environment, to generate  knowledge, and to act.   Mr. Saunders praised                                                         
the legislative action  that has been taken in  Alaska, Washington, and                                                         
Oregon, and  noted there  is a shared  interest from  British Columbia,                                                         
Canada,  as well.   He  advised  Atlantic [Ocean]  countries and  other                                                         
Pacific Rim  countries are engaged in  the initiative.  The  decline in                                                         
the productivity  of salmon  in their marine  environment began  in the                                                         
early 1990s and  has worsened; the situation is not  unique and is more                                                         
dire  for the  Atlantic salmon.    On the  West Coast,  there are  also                                                         
declines in  Chinook stock  and low  abundance of  pink.   Mr. Saunders                                                         
said  he was  looking forward  to working  with Alaska  to develop  the                                                         
International Year  of the Salmon  and its  call to action,  and stated                                                         
his organization's full support for HR 8.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
1:22:32 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  HANNAN asked  whether there  has been participation  in                                                         
international  collaborative  research  by  Russia,  Japan,  and  South                                                         
Korea.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
MR. SAUNDERS said yes; all are  parties to the North Pacific Anadromous                                                         
Fish  Commission  and thus  participate  in the  commission's  internal                                                         
support of  his task to promote  the International Year of  the Salmon.                                                         
This year,  the initiative  is seeking  resources to  build connections                                                         
and by  2022, hopes to have  a five-country, five-vessel survey  of the                                                         
entire  North Pacific  so as  to understand  the changes  in the  North                                                         
Pacific  and  provide information  that  can  be  used to  predict  and                                                         
improve  forecasting.   Japan,  South Korea,  and particularly  Russia,                                                         
have been  involved in high seas  ecosystems and are interested  in the                                                         
western North Pacific.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
1:24:43 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ROBERT  D.   MECUM,  Deputy  Regional  Administrator,   Alaska  Region,                                                         
National  Oceanic and  Atmospheric Administration  (NOAA) informed  the                                                         
committee  of  his  years  of  experience  in  fisheries  research  and                                                         
management.   Mr.  Mecum said  NOAA  supports and  participates in  the                                                         
coordination and development of the  IYS initiative.  In Alaska, salmon                                                         
are essential to the  Alaska way of life and Alaska  is integral to the                                                         
world's production  of salmon;  the Alaska salmon  fishery is  the most                                                         
valuable  commercial fishery  in  the U.S.    Sustaining Alaska's  wild                                                         
salmon populations  is essential to preserving  long-standing cultures.                                                         
The theme of  the IYS initiative is:   Salmon and people  in a changing                                                         
world.  The  life history of salmon exposes them  to many environmental                                                         
and  adverse  factors  that  affect  health and  abundance.    The  IYS                                                         
initiative seeks  to raise  awareness of what  is possible  to preserve                                                         
salmon  and restore  their habitat;  envisions an  expansion of  salmon                                                         
research on  the high seas and  in nearshore waters; supports  one full                                                         
year  of  education,  outreach,  and   public  engagement;  provides  a                                                         
platform  for  understanding  of the  species;  promotes  conservation,                                                         
restoration, community  support, and  ocean literacy; provides  NOAA an                                                         
opportunity to report  on the species and habitat  focus area programs.                                                         
Mr. Mecum said  salmon affect more people than any  other fish species;                                                         
therefore,  it is important  to understand  the affects  of a  changing                                                         
climate  on the  ocean, salmon  freshwater  habitat, distribution,  and                                                         
productivity  for  the  benefit of  management  agencies,  the  fishing                                                         
industry,  Tribes, recreational  users, and  the public.   Speaking  on                                                         
behalf of NOAA, he urged the committee to support HR 8.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
1:28:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TYSON FICK said  he is a commercial gillnetter and  owner of Taku River                                                         
Reds, which  currently  sells fish  all across the  U.S.   He spoke  in                                                         
support of HR 8, noting salmon have  been central to his life - for all                                                         
of his  life - and noted  his experience working on  [fishing industry]                                                         
legislative  issues,   for  the  North  Pacific   Fisheries  Management                                                         
Council, and for other commercial  fisheries organizations, and said HR
8  provides an  opportunity  for fishing  interests  to work  together.                                                         
During his  time at  the Alaska Seafood  Marketing Institute  he shared                                                         
with others  the history  of the  Alaska State  Constitution, which  is                                                         
unique and  presents an opportunity  to share Alaska's success.   There                                                         
is  also an  opportunity  to learn  from the  mistakes  of others;  for                                                         
example, Idaho is  spending $16 billion to  restore comparatively small                                                         
salmon runs.   However, in 1959, Alaska harvested less  than 30 million                                                         
salmon, last year  there were approximately 120  million harvested, and                                                         
the forecast for  this year is 200  million.  Mr. Fick  pointed out [HB
8] is an opportunity to agree on [fisheries issues].                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
1:33:04 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
A short video was shown from 1:33 p.m. to 1:34 p.m.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
1:34:26 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
JILL  WEITZ,  Campaign  Director,   Salmon  Beyond  Borders,  said  her                                                         
campaign has  worked for the  last five years  to unite all  sectors of                                                         
Southeast  Alaska - commercial  fishing, sportfishing,  municipalities,                                                         
business owners, tour operators, and  lawmakers - to defend and sustain                                                         
the transboundary Taku,  Stikine, and Unuk rivers, which  are the three                                                         
largest salmon-producing rivers in Southeast  Alaska.  The campaign has                                                         
been involved  with IYS to bring  together states and regions  to focus                                                         
on  the  region's  salmon.     In  Southeast  Alaska,  salmon  connects                                                         
residents to indigenous and non-indigenous  communities and lands.  She                                                         
referred to  a tour of northwest  British Columbia during  which Salmon                                                         
Without Borders learned:   each community is  different; each community                                                         
has different  traditions; everyone has a  salmon story.  In  2018, IYS                                                         
was launched at  an event attended by representatives  from the Pacific                                                         
Ocean  and  Atlantic  Ocean  basins, leaders  from  Canada,  the  U.S.,                                                         
Russia, South  Korea, and  Japan who demonstrated  support for  IYS and                                                         
its goals.   Ms. Weitz  advised Alaska  has what the  Pacific Northwest                                                         
does not and  thus must work to  sustain its resources for  the future;                                                         
IYS creates  an opportunity for  collaboration, and  she said it  is an                                                         
honor  to  work for  salmon,  which  are  a  symbol of  resilience,  of                                                         
function, and of Alaska.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TUCK asked if the [International  Year of the Salmon] is                                                         
an organization.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS.  WEITZ explained  it  is a  global  initiative  organized in  North                                                         
America by the  North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission  and the North                                                         
Atlantic  Salmon Conservation  Organization.   In  further response  to                                                         
Representative Tuck,  she said 2019 is  the actual year of  the salmon;                                                         
this  year will  be  spent raising  awareness  for  IYS and  generating                                                         
funding for ongoing  and new research.  In the  future, IYS will report                                                         
on its progress.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
1:39:25 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  LINCOLN  opened  public   testimony;  after  ascertaining  no                                                         
members of the public wished to testify, public testimony was closed.                                                           
                                                                                                                                
[HR 8 was held over.]                                                                                                           

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
HRES DOR Fish Tax Overview 4.24.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
DOR Fish Tax Overview
ComFish Update House Resources 4.24.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
Commercial Fisheries Update
Alaska Statewide Commercial Fish Facts 2018 v9.1.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
Commercial Fisheries Update
HR08 Sponsor Statement 04.10.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Version U 4.10.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Fiscal Note-LEG 04.15.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HJM4012-Year of the Salmon - Washington State.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HCR35 - Year of the Salmon - Oregon State.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Supporting Document - Letter of Support NOAA NMFS Alaska Region 4.15.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Supporting Document - Letter of Support from Territorial Sportsmen 4.15.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Supporting Document - Letter of Support Alaska Trollers Association 4.12.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Supporting Document - Letter of Support from Salmon Beyond Borders 4.15.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Supporting Document - Letter of Support from Salmon State 4.15.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Supporting Document - KTOO Article 3.29.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HRES 4/26/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Supporting Document - Summary from the International Year of the Salmon Website 4.10.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Supporting Doucment - Email in Support Sisk 4.23.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HRES 4/26/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8
HR08 Supporting Document - Email in Support Wills 4.23.19.pdf HRES 4/24/2019 1:00:00 PM
HRES 4/26/2019 1:00:00 PM
HR 8