Legislature(2019 - 2020)CAPITOL 106

03/29/2019 08:00 AM EDUCATION

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Audio Topic
08:01:35 AM Start
08:02:25 AM HB24
08:51:38 AM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
Heard & Held
-- Teleconference Listen Only --
**Streamed live on AKL.tv**
         HB 24-LIMITED TEACHER CERTIFICATES; LANGUAGES                                                                      
8:02:25 AM                                                                                                                    
CO-CHAIR  DRUMMOND  announced that  the  only  order of  business                                                               
would be HOUSE BILL NO. 24,  "An Act relating to instruction in a                                                               
language  other than  English; and  relating  to limited  teacher                                                               
8:02:47 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE    JONATHAN     KREISS-TOMKINS,    Alaska    State                                                               
Legislature,  introduced  HB  24  as  prime  sponsor.    He  said                                                               
identical legislation  passed the House by  unanimous vote during                                                               
the  Thirtieth  Alaska  State  Legislature   and,  due  to  great                                                               
interest in the  subject, it is being reintroduced as  HB 24.  He                                                               
remarked  that rural  and urban  districts are  unified in  their                                                               
interest in  the subject of HB  24.  He said  there are immersion                                                               
language programs in the Anchorage  School District and immersion                                                               
language  charter schools  in the  [Matanuska-Susitna] area.   He                                                               
stated  that  there  is concern  about  getting  fluent  language                                                               
speakers   into    classrooms   to   support    these   programs.                                                               
Representative Kreiss-Tomkins  explained that HB 24  would create                                                               
a new avenue  for acquiring a Type M  limited teacher certificate                                                               
for individuals who are fluent in  a language but who are not yet                                                               
fully certificated.   Under the proposed plan,  a school district                                                               
could opt to  apply for a Type M limited  teacher certificate for                                                               
a specific  person; the state  Board of Education  would consider                                                               
that request; the  Type M limited certificate,  if granted, would                                                               
last one  year.  He indicated  that a number of  school districts                                                               
have expressed that  HB 24 would allow them an  important tool to                                                               
"further their goals of immersion education."                                                                                   
8:05:43 AM                                                                                                                    
JOHN SCANLON, Staff,  Representative Kreiss-Tomkins, Alaska State                                                               
Legislature, said  high-level language immersion programs  are an                                                               
educational   model   used   widely  across   the   country   and                                                               
increasingly across Alaska.  He  explained that in these programs                                                               
at  least fifty  percent of  learning  is conducted  in a  target                                                               
language, such  as Spanish, German,  or Yupik.  Mr.  Scanlon said                                                               
there is a  limited pool of fully certificated  teachers who also                                                               
have  the necessary  language abilities.    He further  explained                                                               
that  there are  many fluent  speakers  who are  well suited  for                                                               
language immersion  programs but  do not have  full certification                                                               
for reasons  such as limited  English proficiency,  advanced age,                                                               
or familial  responsibility.   He said HB  24 would  address that                                                               
issue  by  amending  the   state's  limited  teacher  certificate                                                               
program, allowing  certificates to  be issued  at the  request of                                                               
the school  district for  teachers with  a specific  subject area                                                               
expertise  for  which  there  are   "very  few  fully  certified,                                                               
bachelor-degree trained  teachers."  He said  the limited teacher                                                               
certificates would allow schools  to identify known local talents                                                               
not  generally available  in local  teacher  applicant pools  and                                                               
bring them in to the classrooms.                                                                                                
MR.  SCANLON  stated that  currently  there  are limited  teacher                                                               
certificates  for  technical   or  vocational  education,  Alaska                                                               
Native  culture  and language,  and  military  sciences, such  as                                                               
[Junior  Reserve Officer  Training Corps]  (JROTC) programs.   He                                                               
stated that HB 24 would authorize  the State Board of Education &                                                               
Early Development  to create  a new  type of  limited certificate                                                               
specific to  teaching in  language immersion  programs.   He said                                                               
the board  would be  authorized to  author regulations  to ensure                                                               
the  certificate holder  demonstrates  "instructional skills  and                                                               
subject  matter expertise  sufficient to  assure the  public that                                                               
the person  is competent as a  teacher."  He noted  that under HB                                                               
24, the  board would  be empowered to  write the  regulations and                                                               
create the  certificate, but it would  not be required to  do so.                                                               
He added  that school districts would  retain complete discretion                                                               
as to the people for whom they request  - or do not request   the                                                               
limited certificates. He stated  that a limited certificate would                                                               
be valid only within the school  district for which it is issued.                                                               
He  said the  limited certificate  would be  good for  a one-year                                                               
probationary  period  with  an option  for  renewal  pending  the                                                               
school  district's  affirmation  of  the  holder's  instructional                                                               
skills and subject matter expertise, as  borne out from a year of                                                               
experience.    He  stated  that  HB 24  was  drafted  to  address                                                               
specific needs faced by language immersion programs.                                                                            
8:09:04 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  TUCK  commented  that  HB 24  is  a  "repeal  and                                                               
replace"  bill  that  appears  to   open  up  certifications  for                                                               
immersion  programs.    He  asked  Mr.  Scanlon  to  discuss  the                                                               
obligations HB 24  would place upon the State  Board of Education                                                               
& Early Development regarding the creation of regulations.                                                                      
MR. SCANLON  said HB 24 would  authorize - but not  require - the                                                               
State Board of Education &  Early Development to create a limited                                                               
certificate for teaching  in a language that is not  English.  He                                                               
added  that the  board would  have a  great deal  of latitude  in                                                               
drafting  the regulations.    Mr.  Scanlon went  on  to say  that                                                               
certificate holders for language  immersion programs would not be                                                               
required  to achieve  a minimum  score on  an examination  unless                                                               
that  examination  is given  in  the  instructional language  for                                                               
which the limited  certificate is valid.  He  expounded by saying                                                               
that a  Yupik-speaking certificate  holder would not  be required                                                               
by state law to pass an examination in English.                                                                                 
8:12:10 AM                                                                                                                    
CO-CHAIR STORY  disclosed for the  record that her daughter  is a                                                               
Tlingit speaker  who currently teaches  in a  preschool immersion                                                               
program. She commented that there are  people of all ages with an                                                               
interest in  this issue.   She  asked for  additional information                                                               
concerning  the  one-year  probationary  status  of  the  limited                                                               
certificate and how the renewal process would look.                                                                             
MR. SCANLON responded that the  initial limited certificate would                                                               
be  valid for  the one-year  probationary period.   He  explained                                                               
that the  renewal periods  would be regulated  by State  Board of                                                               
Education  &  Early  Development.    He  said  the  local  school                                                               
district would  retain full discretion regarding  the decision to                                                               
renew a holder's certificate.                                                                                                   
CO-CHAIR STORY  asked how the  renewal process would  differ from                                                               
the initial application process.                                                                                                
MR.  SCANLON explained  that the  criteria for  renewal would  be                                                               
determined by the State Board of Education & Early Development.                                                                 
CO-CHAIR STORY commented that the  application process for things                                                               
like a  teaching certificate  can be    and ought  to be    quite                                                               
rigorous.   She opined  that the renewal  process should  be less                                                               
time-consuming,  assuming the  person  is qualified.   She  noted                                                               
that the  goal of an immersion  program is for instruction  to be                                                               
conducted in  the target language  for the  full day.   She mused                                                               
that the  holder would have  to receive permission to  teach many                                                               
subjects, such  as mathematics  and science.   She  expressed her                                                               
expectation   that  the   State  Board   of  Education   &  Early                                                               
Development  would   list  the  subjects  the   holder  would  be                                                               
authorized to teach.                                                                                                            
8:15:58 AM                                                                                                                    
CO-CHAIR DRUMMOND  commented that  an immersion  language teacher                                                               
not only  has to  be fluent  in the  language of  instruction but                                                               
must  demonstrate  subject  matter   expertise  in  the  academic                                                               
subjects  they  teach.    She expressed  concern  that  a  person                                                               
teaching  mathematics   in  Yupik   could  not   be  sufficiently                                                               
evaluated by a non-Yupik speaker,  meaning it would be impossible                                                               
to determine if  the mathematics he/she teaches  are being taught                                                               
properly.  She  posited   that  English-speaking  teachers  would                                                               
supplement the  immersion language  teacher, so  that mathematics                                                               
would  be taught  in  both  Yupik and  English.    She asked  Mr.                                                               
Scanlon if that assumption is correct.                                                                                          
MR. SCANLON referred to language on  page 2 of the bill beginning                                                               
at line 6.   He said that language would  require the certificate                                                               
to specify not only the language  for which it is valid, but also                                                               
the specific  subject areas.  He  stated that HB 24  contains two                                                               
checks for  the situation offered  by Co-Chair Drummond.   First,                                                               
he  said, the  local school  board would  have the  discretion to                                                               
nominate  an  individual  based  on its  own  evaluation  of  the                                                               
individual's qualifications to teach  a specific subject, such as                                                               
mathematics.  Secondly, he said,  the Department of Education and                                                               
Early Development (DEED)  could be authorized by  the State Board                                                               
of Education  & Early  Development to  assess the  subject matter                                                               
expertise of a  potential limited certificate holder.   He opined                                                               
that this  two-fold process would address  the situation outlined                                                               
by Co-chair Drummond.                                                                                                           
CO-CHAIR DRUMMOND asked  if the State Board of  Education & Early                                                               
Development  would develop  an examination  process to  assess an                                                               
applicant's qualifications.                                                                                                     
MR.  SCANLON said  that is  one option,  as long  as the  test it                                                               
administers is not in a language  other than the one in which the                                                               
potential  certificate  holder  would be  instructing.  He  noted                                                               
that,  regarding other  existing  certificates, the  board has  a                                                               
variety of ways  to assess a certificate  holder's subject matter                                                               
expertise,  such as  an  evaluation of  the  person's resume  and                                                               
letters of recommendation.                                                                                                      
REPRESENTATIVE   KREISS-TOMKINS  added   that  to   institute  an                                                               
examination  would  be  the  State Board  of  Education  &  Early                                                               
Development's  prerogative  under the  provision  of  HB 24  that                                                               
empowers it to  craft regulations it deems appropriate.   He said                                                               
the board would have the  additional power to ultimately grant or                                                               
deny a  limited certificate in  specific instances  regardless of                                                               
what regulations it might promulgate.                                                                                           
8:20:10 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  JOHNSON  said  she  supports  language  immersion                                                               
schools,  but stated  that  HB  24 is  not  about full  immersion                                                               
programs.  Rather,  she said, it deals with "bits  and pieces" of                                                               
the curriculum being  taught in another language.   She asked how                                                               
Representative Kreiss-Tomkins  envisions HB  24 playing  out once                                                               
passed.   She also asked if  there are currently any  full Native                                                               
Alaskan language immersion programs.                                                                                            
REPRESENTATIVE  KREISS-TOMKINS   replied  that  he  knows   of  a                                                               
successful  elementary school  program  in Bethel  with a  target                                                               
language of  Central Yupik.   He added that the  Anchorage School                                                               
District  recently began  a  Yupik immersion  program.   He  said                                                               
there may  be others  but those are  the two he  can recall.   He                                                               
spoke to  interest in  Southeast Alaska  for a  Tlingit immersion                                                               
program  but noted  that  "nothing has  gotten  off the  ground."                                                               
Addressing Representative  Johnson's first  query, he said  HB 24                                                               
would relate to immersion programs "as  we know them."  He stated                                                               
that  immersion  programs  involve  a blend  between  the  target                                                               
language and  English, with the  ratio potentially as high  as 95                                                               
percent target language  and 5 percent English.   He envisioned a                                                               
scenario  in which  70  percent of  the academic  day  is in  the                                                               
target language  and 30 percent  is in  English.  He  relayed his                                                               
understanding  of   how  the  language  blend   "stair-steps"  as                                                               
students move  through the program  and develop  increased target                                                               
language proficiency.                                                                                                           
REPRESENTATIVE  JOHNSON asked  how Representative  Kreiss-Tomkins                                                               
envisions the  provisions of HB 24  working in schools if  a full                                                               
immersion program is not possible.                                                                                              
REPRESENTATIVE KREISS-TOMKINS responded that  the goal and intent                                                               
is for HB 24, upon passage,  to apply only to immersion programs.                                                               
He established  a scenario  in which a  school district  wants to                                                               
bring in a community member who  speaks fluent Russian for a one-                                                               
time  lesson in  Russian.   He  said there  is no  need for  that                                                               
individual to  be certificated under  HB 24 because  the scenario                                                               
would  be a  "piecemeal, non-immersion"  situation.   He remarked                                                               
that  HB   24  is  designed   for  school  districts   that  have                                                               
established a bona fide, long-term immersion program.                                                                           
8:25:49 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  HOPKINS  noted that  the  bill  does not  specify                                                               
languages  to  which it  would  apply.    He asked  a  clarifying                                                               
question  about how  HB 24  would treat  Native Alaskan  language                                                               
immersion  programs compared  to  how it  would  treat a  Spanish                                                               
immersion program.                                                                                                              
REPRESENTATIVE KREISS-TOMKINS  said HB 24 is  inclusive to Native                                                               
languages and world languages.  He  noted that the HB 24 is being                                                               
championed as much  by the world language  community in Anchorage                                                               
as it is by those interested in Native language immersion.                                                                      
REPRESENTATIVE  HOPKINS  commented that  it  is  hard to  believe                                                               
there  is  a  shortage  of people  certified  to  teach  Spanish,                                                               
French, or Russian.   He noted that there are  a bevy of language                                                               
immersion  programs   in  Anchorage   for  a  variety   of  world                                                               
languages.   He asked why  it is necessary  for HB 24  to include                                                               
world languages and not solely indigenous languages.                                                                            
REPRESENTATIVE  KREISS-TOMKINS  deferred  to written  and  public                                                               
testifiers  regarding the  need  for certified  instructors.   He                                                               
named  several people  involved in  language immersion  programs.                                                               
He commented that  he was surprised to learn how  difficult it is                                                               
to run  those programs.  He  stated that the initial  impetus for                                                               
HB 24 was  Native language immersion programs but  noted that the                                                               
challenges faced by Native language  and world language immersion                                                               
programs are the same.  He  spoke to the process through which he                                                               
became aware  of the world  language community in Alaska  and the                                                               
influence  it  has  had  on  students  and  alumni  of  immersion                                                               
programs.  He  expressed interest in providing  that community an                                                               
extra "tool in the toolbox."                                                                                                    
8:29:37 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE TUCK  said "Alaska  Native Languages  and Culture"                                                               
is already  in statute.   He commented  that HB 24  would "expand                                                               
it"  to  other  immersion  programs.   He  invoked  the  Japanese                                                               
Immersion Program  at Sand Lake  Elementary School and  the Rilke                                                               
Schule  German  Charter  School  of  Arts  &  Sciences,  both  in                                                               
Anchorage, and  discussed the  successes achieved  and challenges                                                               
faced  by each  program.   He  noted that  Rilke Schule  receives                                                               
funding from the  Consulate of Germany.  He said  he envisions HB                                                               
24  expanding regulations  for immersion  programs and  expressed                                                               
his approval.                                                                                                                   
8:30:58 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE JOHNSON asked if  a limited certificate holder who                                                               
is  not a  certified teacher  in a  traditional subject,  such as                                                               
mathematics, would be able to teach that subject.                                                                               
MR. SCANLON referred to lines 9 through  11 on page 2 of the bill                                                               
and,  which  stipulates that  a  request  for a  limited  teacher                                                               
certificate must  specify the subject and  instructional language                                                               
for which the certificate is valid.                                                                                             
REPRESENTATIVE JOHNSON  asked if the certificate  would be grade-                                                               
specific  or if  it would  allow  instruction in  any level  from                                                               
kindergarten to twelfth grade.                                                                                                  
MR. SCANLON responded that most  immersion programs in Alaska are                                                               
targeted at the  earlier years of education.  He  stated that the                                                               
State Board of  Education & Early Development  could address that                                                               
issue in its regulations.                                                                                                       
8:32:50 AM                                                                                                                    
CO-CHAIR  STORY opined  that the  goal would  be for  students to                                                               
proceed in the program year after  year.  She discussed the topic                                                               
of  funding for  preschool  involvement in  a language  immersion                                                               
program.   She also expressed  interest in the  committee hearing                                                               
about different language immersion models.                                                                                      
8:34:04 AM                                                                                                                    
CO-CHAIR DRUMMOND asked if there  are currently programs that are                                                               
not being delivered due to the  lack of available teachers with a                                                               
certificate like the one proposed in HB 24.                                                                                     
MR.  SCANLON  deferred to  invited  testifiers  to speak  to  the                                                               
particulars  of that  question.   He  shared that  Representative                                                               
Kreiss-Tomkins' office has heard  from several language immersion                                                               
programs that have spoken to that topic.                                                                                        
REPRESENTATIVE  KREISS-TOMKINS relayed  that he  has spoken  with                                                               
Anchorage  School  District  representatives  who  say  that  the                                                               
inability  to  be flexible  in  recruiting  suitable teachers  is                                                               
often  the   limiting  factor  that  prevents   the  starting  of                                                               
immersion programs.   He noted that there  is considerable demand                                                               
for language  immersion programs  from Anchorage  School District                                                               
parents.    He  said  the lack  of  certified  instructors  often                                                               
prevents  other   school  districts  without   existing  language                                                               
immersion programs from starting them.                                                                                          
CO-CHAIR DRUMMOND said she assumes  that invited testifiers would                                                               
be  available for  the next  time  HB 24  is heard  in the  House                                                               
Education Standing Committee.                                                                                                   
REPRESENTATIVE KREISS-TOMKINS said that is correct.                                                                             
CO-CHAIR  DRUMMOND noted  that Representative  Kreiss-Tomkins had                                                               
previously commented  on the limited  pool of teachers  fluent in                                                               
target languages,  particularly in Alaska Native  languages.  She                                                               
remarked that  Alaska is  losing fluent  speakers in  many Alaska                                                               
Native  languages.   She spoke  to the  importance of  preserving                                                               
those language skills  and empowering elders who are  fluent in a                                                               
target  language but  not  necessarily fluent  in  English.   She                                                               
opined on  the importance of  preserving the "precious  skills of                                                               
the  elders."    She  shared her  "amazing  experience"  learning                                                               
French in  school from a teacher  who only spoke to  the class in                                                               
that language.  Co-chair Drummond noted  as well that she did not                                                               
speak English  until she attended  kindergarten.   She reiterated                                                               
the importance of utilizing the  language skills of elders before                                                               
they are lost.                                                                                                                  
8:38:11 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  TUCK  invoked the  topic  of  Alaska Native  code                                                               
talkers,  as several  family  members of  code  talkers had  been                                                               
introduced as guests  during that day's House floor  session.  He                                                               
noted  that there  is existing  statutory  language referring  to                                                               
limited teacher certificates for military  science.  He asked for                                                               
clarification of "military science."                                                                                            
MR. SCANLON  confirmed that "military  science" relates  to JROTC                                                               
REPRESENTATIVE   KREISS-TOMKINS   added    that   the   provision                                                               
referenced  by  Representative Tuck  may  refer  as well  to  the                                                               
Alaska Military Youth Academy (AMYA).                                                                                           
8:39:23 AM                                                                                                                    
CO-CHAIR   DRUMMOND  discussed   cuts  to   educational  programs                                                               
proposed by Governor Michael J. Dunleavy.   She asked if there is                                                               
any  consideration  or contingency  for  if  those cuts  actually                                                               
happen.    She  remarked  that  such  cuts  would  make  it  more                                                               
difficult to implement HB 24.                                                                                                   
8:40:08 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  KREISS-TOMKINS  said  every district  will  weigh                                                               
their priorities in  the event of cuts.  He  noted that auxiliary                                                               
programs are  usually the first  to be cut.   He deferred  to the                                                               
school districts on what their priorities would be.                                                                             
8:41:04 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE HOPKINS  asked if it  is correct that many  of the                                                               
language immersion schools in Alaska are charter schools.                                                                       
CO-CHAIR DRUMMOND said not all of them.                                                                                         
REPRESENTATIVE  KREISS-TOMKINS  said it  is  a  mix.   He  listed                                                               
various examples of programs housed  in charter school and others                                                               
housed in traditional schools.                                                                                                  
REPRESENTATIVE  HOPKINS shared  that  he has  concerns about  the                                                               
financial  ramifications  for  school districts  related  to  the                                                               
opening  of "numerous  charter schools  for additional  languages                                                               
with  uncertified teachers  to teach  in them."   He  said school                                                               
districts have a  very limited ability to say "no"  to opening up                                                               
new  charter  schools, and  that  charter  schools have  a  hefty                                                               
financial impact  on school  districts.   He said  he understands                                                               
and is  supportive of the  need to create opportunities  to learn                                                               
Alaska  Native languages.    He  spoke to  the  diversity of  the                                                               
Anchorage School District and the  diverse needs of its students.                                                               
He reiterated  his financial concerns related  to charter schools                                                               
and his  concerns related to  the potential broad  application of                                                               
HB  24.   [Due to  technical  difficulties, the  last portion  of                                                               
Representative Hopkins' statement was not recorded.]                                                                            
8:43:15 AM                                                                                                                    
CO-CHAIR  DRUMMOND  discussed  her experience  on  the  Anchorage                                                               
School Board  and spoke  to the  "long, involved  process" around                                                               
chartering  new  schools.   She  said  that there  are  generally                                                               
startup costs in  addition to the basic operation  of the school.                                                               
She said  the base student  allocation (BSA) "follows  the child"                                                               
from the "regular" school program  to the charter school program,                                                               
so funding  is not  increased when the  total amount  of students                                                               
remains  the  same.  Shifting  back to  the  topic  of  immersion                                                               
programs,  Co-Chair  Drummond  expressed  interest  in  seeing  a                                                               
comprehensive  list  of  language immersion  programs  throughout                                                               
Alaska.  She  mentioned  various programs  focused  on  Japanese,                                                               
Spanish, and Yupik.                                                                                                             
REPRESENTATIVE  KREISS-TOMKINS said  his office  would follow  up                                                               
with that request.                                                                                                              
8:45:32 AM                                                                                                                    
CO-CHAIR STORY  commented that the [Association  of Alaska School                                                               
Boards] (AASB) has been trying  to help school districts meet the                                                               
desire  to revitalize  Alaska Native  languages.   She  discussed                                                               
successful efforts in New Zealand  to preserve and grow the Maori                                                               
language.   She spoke  to the lessons  and guidance  that success                                                               
can offer.   She expressed  interest in learning  about different                                                               
models of language immersion and language preservation.                                                                         
REPRESENTATIVE  KREISS-TOMKINS noted  that AASB  supports HB  24.                                                               
He commented that AASB has  done great work on language education                                                               
and has developed  partnerships with rural school  districts.  On                                                               
the topic  of the Maori  language in  New Zealand, he  noted that                                                               
the  success   rate  for   language  revitalization   efforts  is                                                               
"infinitesimally low."   He opined that a  sober understanding of                                                               
that  fact  is   important.    He  said   successful  efforts  to                                                               
revitalize  Maori,   Hawaiian,  Gaelic,  Manx,  and   Hebrew  are                                                               
exceptional.   He  expressed interest  in  efforts to  revitalize                                                               
Tlingit in  Southeast Alaska.   He  said he  is motivated  by the                                                               
urgent state of Alaska's Native languages.                                                                                      
CO-CHAIR STORY  added that  it took  New Zealand  30 years  to go                                                               
from 30  fluent Maori  speakers to  4,000 fluent  Maori speakers.                                                               
She spoke  to the necessity  of "deep desire" and  persistence to                                                               
achieve  success.  She   opined  that  HB  24  is   the  sort  of                                                               
legislation aligned  with such desire and  persistence to protect                                                               
Native languages.                                                                                                               
8:50:12 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  JOHNSON commented  that  she would  like to  hear                                                               
input   from   [DEED]   regarding   the   issuance   of   limited                                                               
8:50:56 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  KREISS-TOMKINS  said  he would  pass  along  that                                                               
8:51:04 AM                                                                                                                    
CO-CHAIR DRUMMOND announced that HB 24 would be held for further                                                                

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
HB024 Committee Packet 3.28.19.pdf HEDC 3/29/2019 8:00:00 AM
HB 24
HB024 Fiscal Note EED-SSA 3.27.19.pdf HEDC 3/29/2019 8:00:00 AM
HB 24
HB024 Sectional Analysis 3.5.19.pdf HEDC 3/29/2019 8:00:00 AM
HL&C 2/17/2020 3:15:00 PM
HB 24
HB024 Sponsor Statement 3.5.19.pdf HEDC 3/29/2019 8:00:00 AM
HL&C 2/17/2020 3:15:00 PM
HB 24
HB024 Supporting Document-Language Immersion and Student Achievement article 3.27.19.pdf HEDC 3/29/2019 8:00:00 AM
HL&C 2/17/2020 3:15:00 PM
HB 24
HB024 Supporting Document-Letter of Support 3.27.19.pdf HEDC 3/29/2019 8:00:00 AM
HL&C 2/17/2020 3:15:00 PM
HB 24
HB024 Supporting Document-Letters of Support 3.28.19.pdf HEDC 3/29/2019 8:00:00 AM
HL&C 2/17/2020 3:15:00 PM
HB 24
HB024 ver A 3.5.19.pdf HEDC 3/29/2019 8:00:00 AM
HB 24