Legislature(2017 - 2018)CAPITOL 106

03/27/2017 08:00 AM EDUCATION

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* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+= HB 102 LIMITED TEACHER CERTIFICATES; LANGUAGES TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSHB 102(EDC) Out of Committee
-- Public Testimony --
+= HB 52 PRE-ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PROGRAMS/PLANS TELECONFERENCED
Heard & Held
-- Public Testimony --
+= HB 146 SCHOOL TAX; PFD PAYMENT FOR SCHOOL TAX TELECONFERENCED
Moved SSHB 146 Out of Committee
-- Public Testimony --
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
**Streamed live on AKL.tv**
                    ALASKA STATE LEGISLATURE                                                                                  
               HOUSE EDUCATION STANDING COMMITTEE                                                                             
                         March 27, 2017                                                                                         
                           8:04 a.m.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS PRESENT                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Representative Harriet Drummond, Chair                                                                                          
Representative Justin Parish, Vice Chair                                                                                        
Representative Zach Fansler                                                                                                     
Representative Ivy Spohnholz                                                                                                    
Representative Chuck Kopp                                                                                                       
Representative David Talerico                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MEMBERS ABSENT                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Representative Jennifer Johnston                                                                                                
Representative Lora Reinbold (alternate)                                                                                        
Representative Geran Tarr (alternate)                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
COMMITTEE CALENDAR                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 102                                                                                                              
"An Act relating to instruction in a language other than                                                                        
English; and relating to limited teacher certificates."                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED CSHB 102(EDC) OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 52                                                                                                               
"An Act relating to providing a pre-elementary program within a                                                                 
school district; and providing for the certification of early                                                                   
childhood education plans."                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     - HEARD & HELD                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
SPONSOR SUBSTITUTE FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 146                                                                                       
"An Act  imposing a  school tax on  certain income  of residents,                                                               
part-year  residents, and  nonresidents;  relating  to a  payment                                                               
against  the   school  tax  from  the   permanent  fund  dividend                                                               
disbursement; and providing for an effective date."                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
     - MOVED SSHB 146 OUT OF COMMITTEE                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
PREVIOUS COMMITTEE ACTION                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 102                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: LIMITED TEACHER CERTIFICATES; LANGUAGES                                                                            
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) KREISS-TOMKINS                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
02/03/17       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/03/17       (H)       EDC                                                                                                    
03/01/17       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
03/01/17       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/01/17       (H)       MINUTE(EDC)                                                                                            
03/15/17       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
03/15/17       (H)       <Bill Hearing Canceled>                                                                                
03/20/17       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
03/20/17       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/20/17       (H)       MINUTE(EDC)                                                                                            
03/27/17       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB  52                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: PRE-ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PROGRAMS/PLANS                                                                               
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) KAWASAKI                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
01/18/17       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
01/18/17       (H)       EDC, FIN                                                                                               
02/08/17       (H)       EDC AT 9:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
02/08/17       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
02/08/17       (H)       MINUTE(EDC)                                                                                            
03/27/17       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
BILL: HB 146                                                                                                                  
SHORT TITLE: SCHOOL TAX; PFD PAYMENT FOR SCHOOL TAX                                                                             
SPONSOR(s): REPRESENTATIVE(s) CLAMAN                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
02/24/17       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/24/17       (H)       EDC, FIN                                                                                               
02/27/17       (H)       SPONSOR SUBSTITUTE INTRODUCED-REFERRALS                                                                
02/27/17       (H)       READ THE FIRST TIME - REFERRALS                                                                        
02/27/17       (H)       EDC, FIN                                                                                               
03/22/17       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
03/22/17       (H)       Heard & Held                                                                                           
03/22/17       (H)       MINUTE(EDC)                                                                                            
03/27/17       (H)       EDC AT 8:00 AM CAPITOL 106                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
WITNESS REGISTER                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE JONATHAN KREISS-TOMPKINS                                                                                         
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Speaking as the sponsor, offered to answer                                                               
questions during the hearing of HB 102.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SCOTT KAWASAKI                                                                                                   
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:  Speaking as the sponsor, reviewed HB 52.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
SAMANTHA ADAMS, Licensed Childcare and Preschool Teacher                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:   Testified in support during  the hearing of                                                             
HB 52.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
TREVOR STORRS, Executive Director                                                                                               
Alaska Children's Trust                                                                                                         
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:   Testified in support during  the hearing of                                                             
HB 52.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
STEPHANIE BERGLUND, CEO                                                                                                         
thread                                                                                                                          
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:   Testified in support during  the hearing of                                                             
HB 52.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
KARLI LOPEZ                                                                                                                     
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                                               
POSITION STATEMENT:   Testified in support during  the hearing of                                                             
HB 52.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
ALLEN MCCARTY, Spokesperson                                                                                                     
Citizens Alliance Protecting School Lands                                                                                       
Seward, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION STATEMENT:   Testified in opposition  during the hearing                                                             
of HB 146.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
OWEN PHILLIPS, Staff                                                                                                            
Representative Matt Claman                                                                                                      
Alaska State Legislature                                                                                                        
Juneau, Alaska                                                                                                                  
POSITION  STATEMENT:    Responded  to a  question  on  behalf  of                                                             
Representative Claman during the hearing of SSHB 146.                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
ACTION NARRATIVE                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
8:04:51 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  HARRIET  DRUMMOND  called  the  House  Education  Standing                                                             
Committee  meeting  to  order  at   8:04  a.m.    Representatives                                                               
Drummond,  Parish, Spohnholz,  Fansler, Kopp,  and Talerico  were                                                               
present at the call to order.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
         HB 102-LIMITED TEACHER CERTIFICATES; LANGUAGES                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
8:05:55 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND announced  that the first order  of business would                                                               
be  HOUSE BILL  NO. 102,  "An Act  relating to  instruction in  a                                                               
language  other than  English; and  relating  to limited  teacher                                                               
certificates."                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE    JONATHAN    KREISS-TOMPKINS,    Alaska    State                                                               
Legislature, sponsor of HB 102, offered to answer questions.                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
8:07:19 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE PARISH moved to report  HB 102, as amended, out of                                                               
committee  with individual  recommendations and  the accompanying                                                               
fiscal  notes.   There  being  no  objection, CSHB  102(EDC)  was                                                               
reported out of the House Education Standing Committee.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
The committee took an at-ease from 8:07 a.m. to 8:10 a.m.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
           HB 52-PRE-ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PROGRAMS/PLANS                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
8:10:53 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND  announced that the  next order of  business would                                                               
be  HOUSE BILL  NO.  52, "An  Act relating  to  providing a  pre-                                                               
elementary program  within a school  district; and  providing for                                                               
the certification of early childhood education plans."                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
8:11:03 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE   SCOTT   KAWASAKI,  Alaska   State   Legislature,                                                               
reminded the  committee HB 52  would provide  voluntary statewide                                                               
universal   pre-elementary  (Pre-K)   programs   by  request   to                                                               
interested  school districts.   He  advised children  who take  a                                                               
Pre-K  program  perform  better  on  tests,  graduate  in  higher                                                               
numbers, are  more successful as  adults, and are more  likely to                                                               
attend college.  Through school  districts' existing Pre-K, [U.S.                                                               
Department of  Health and Human  Services] Head Start,  and other                                                               
early  education programs,  the  bill creates  a  means in  which                                                               
early  education can  be offered  to all  children aged  three to                                                               
five years.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  SPOHNHOLZ  concurred  that studies  indicate  the                                                               
benefits of Pre-K  education and exposure to  caring adult models                                                               
include  better   health  and  social   skills,  self-confidence,                                                               
problem-solving skills,  and resilience.   She asked  whether the                                                               
voluntary  structure  of  the  bill was  that  the  programs  are                                                               
voluntary to individuals, or voluntary to school districts.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  KAWASAKI  said   school  districts  would  decide                                                               
whether  to  offer  Pre-K  programs,  and  parents  would  choose                                                               
whether to enroll their children in  a Pre-K program.  He pointed                                                               
out compulsory school attendance in  Alaska is not required until                                                               
a child attains the age of six.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND opened public testimony on HB 52.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
8:15:12 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
SAMANTHA ADAMS,  Licensed Childcare  and Preschool  Teacher, said                                                               
she has been  a licensed childcare and preschool  teacher for ten                                                               
and  one-half  years.    From   her  experience  networking  with                                                               
colleagues in early childhood education,  and other teachers, she                                                               
related young children need school  readiness which is defined as                                                               
cumulative gains  across developmental domains from  birth to age                                                               
five.   For  example,  fine  motor skills  and  literacy are  two                                                               
important developmental  areas that  can be  learned in  the home                                                               
prior  to  entering  school  if  the  home  setting  can  provide                                                               
appropriate  resources.   However,  other  areas of  development,                                                               
such  as social  and  emotional competency,  take  place best  in                                                               
group  settings.   Ms. Adams  explained young  children need  the                                                               
opportunity  to work  in a  social  setting with  their peers  to                                                               
problem-solve,   self-regulate,  and   to   prepare  for   social                                                               
settings; with this foundation,  children are ready for academics                                                               
in kindergarten and first grade.   Furthermore, a preschool class                                                               
of twelve  students to  one teacher  is the  ideal group  size in                                                               
which children  can develop social  and emotional  competency and                                                               
prepare  for larger  classrooms  in kindergarten.   Finally,  she                                                               
said "fadeout" of the skills  learned in early childhood learning                                                               
is a myth; in fact, early skills are learned for life.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
8:18:17 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  PARISH asked  about the  potential impact  of the                                                               
bill.                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MS. ADAMS  described a variety  of preschool  education programs:                                                               
programs not  offered through school  districts but  certified by                                                               
the Department  of Education and Early  Development (EED); family                                                               
childcare providing  preschool and fulltime  childcare; part-time                                                               
religious  programs.    For the  legislation  to  broadly  impact                                                               
communities,  the funding  must address  other programs  that are                                                               
not part of  the public school system, because  the programs need                                                               
to be "positive and sustained."                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND asked  for the cost to place a  child in a private                                                               
preschool program in Juneau.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MS.  ADAMS  advised her  preschool  sessions  are Monday  through                                                               
Friday from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00  p.m., and cost $415.00 per month.                                                               
When   preschool  and   fulltime  childcare   services  are   not                                                               
consolidated, families  must take children to  multiple programs.                                                               
In  further  response to  Chair  Drummond,  she said  the  Juneau                                                               
School District offers a  peer-integrated preschool program which                                                               
takes place in a classroom of  twelve children, six of which have                                                               
special needs.   Ms. Adams  further explained  preschool programs                                                               
help identify  special needs children  at a very early  age, from                                                               
birth to five years.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE PARISH  asked for  the percentage of  children who                                                               
are identified with special needs.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
MS. ADAMS said during her ten  and one-half years of teaching she                                                               
has  referred  three or  four  children.   High  quality  [Pre-K]                                                               
programs  are qualified  to make  referrals  based on  indicators                                                               
that the families  may be reluctant to acknowledge.   She offered                                                               
anecdotal stories  of the  families that  she has  helped address                                                               
their child's special needs.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
8:25:46 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND  asked whether pediatricians in  Juneau are making                                                               
referrals and identifying needs.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS. ADAMS pointed  out a pediatrician may only see  a child for a                                                               
brief visit,  whereas consolidated  preschool and  daycare allows                                                               
the teacher/caregiver  to observe  the child  for seven  to eight                                                               
hours  a day.   She  directed attention  to her  written comments                                                               
submitted to the committee containing additional testimony.                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
8:27:38 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TREVOR  STORRS,  Executive  Director,  Alaska  Children's  Trust,                                                               
informed the  committee the  Alaska Children's  Trust (ACT)  is a                                                               
statewide organization  focused on the prevention  of child abuse                                                               
and  neglect.    Mr.  Storrs  observed  the  legislature  has  an                                                               
opportunity to  invest in the  wellbeing of young children.   [HB                                                               
52]   would  provide   school  districts   and  communities   the                                                               
opportunity  to  invest in  children  so  children are  ready  to                                                               
succeed in  school and  in life.   Providing  Pre-K is  not about                                                               
[higher]  test  scores,  but  puts children  in  position  to  be                                                               
successful,  contributing adults.    In order  for  the state  to                                                               
avoid high  Medicaid costs, building  more jails,  concerns about                                                               
law  enforcement  and homelessness,  and  other  ills, the  state                                                               
needs to create a new system  based on the proven changes brought                                                               
by early childhood education that will  - over time - address the                                                               
state's [budget] deficit.   Mr. Storrs said ACT  highly urges the                                                               
committee to support HB 52.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
8:30:24 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
STEPHANIE  BERGLUND,   CEO,  thread,  said  thread   is  Alaska's                                                               
childcare  resource and  referral network.   Ms.  Berglund stated                                                               
strong support for  HB 52, and any expansion of  Pre-K in Alaska.                                                               
Decades  of  research  has  shown Pre-K  makes  a  difference  to                                                               
children not only  in school readiness, but for a  lifetime.  The                                                               
most  formative years  of brain  development come  well before  a                                                               
child goes to kindergarten; further,  the state needs a workforce                                                               
of individuals who  achieve education beyond high  school and who                                                               
have advanced  technical skills.   Ms. Berglund  acknowledged the                                                               
state's  budget situation;  however,  the  budget situation  will                                                               
improve if the state invests  more of its resources to productive                                                               
endeavors   rather  than   in  remediation,   incarceration,  and                                                               
welfare.  She pointed out  the budget benefits of Pre-K education                                                               
come from  cost savings  in education,  grade retention,  and the                                                               
criminal  justice  system; and  from  cost  increases in  greater                                                               
economic productivity.  She closed,  observing that every $10,000                                                               
invested  in a  child  increases his/her  future  earnings by  10                                                               
percent.   Ms. Berglund  restated thread's support  of HB  52 and                                                               
programs to expand voluntary Pre-K  to all four-year-old children                                                               
in Alaska in a mixed delivery setting.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND  asked about the  shortage of available  space [to                                                               
place young children] in preschools.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
MS. BERGLUND clarified thread estimates  - although children need                                                               
care through the  age of twelve - families with  the highest need                                                               
for quality childhood programs are  for children between the ages                                                               
of zero and  six, so it is estimated that  there are about 40,000                                                               
children, under the  age of six, in families with  all the adults                                                               
working, and  there are less  than 18,000 quality early  care and                                                               
learning spaces in Alaska.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND concluded then less  than one in two children have                                                               
quality space available.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:34:58 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
KARLI LOPEZ  stated her  support for  HB 52 and  said she  is the                                                               
parent of  two preschoolers,  one of  whom is  in his  third year                                                               
attending  special education  preschool in  the Anchorage  School                                                               
District.   She  said the  bill is  missing one  component:   The                                                               
Individuals with  Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)  directs that                                                               
whenever  possible  her  son  is  to be  educated  in  the  least                                                               
restrictive environment and in a  classroom with his peers, which                                                               
is not  possible due to the  lack of a public  preschool program.                                                               
The preschool  program attended by  her son is only  available to                                                               
children who  qualify for  special education, and  thus is  not a                                                               
fully  inclusive setting.   In  an inclusive  setting, her  son's                                                               
classmates  understand his  different needs  and he  is welcomed.                                                               
Ms. Lopez provided examples of  how peer modeling is tremendously                                                               
beneficial  to the  understanding and  participation of  children                                                               
with  disabilities.   She urged  the committee  to recognize  the                                                               
long-term benefits of early childhood  education and to invest in                                                               
Alaska's future.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
8:37:13 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  DRUMMOND,  after  ascertaining   no  one  else  wished  to                                                               
testify, closed public testimony on HB 52.  She remarked:                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
     Universal   Pre-K   is   such    a   big   topic,   and                                                                    
     Representative Spohnholz and I  are working out a joint                                                                    
     Education/Health   and    Social   Services   committee                                                                    
     meeting, so  we can  help to  remove the  funding silos                                                                    
     for children from  birth to age five, that  we all know                                                                    
     exist in this state, and  that we've heard from several                                                                    
     testifiers today.  I know  this topic of preschool will                                                                    
     fit in  nicely with  this discussion,  so I'm  going to                                                                    
     set this  bill aside for now  so that we can  have that                                                                    
     joint  meeting  and  get  a better  feel  for  the  big                                                                    
     picture.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
The committee took a brief at-ease.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  DRUMMOND  said  a  document is  being  distributed  to  be                                                               
included  in  the  committee packet  from  the  Washington  State                                                               
Institute   for  Public   Policy,   entitled,  "Early   Childhood                                                               
Education for Low-Income Students:   A Review of the Evidence and                                                               
Benefit-Cost Analysis."                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
8:38:51 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
HB 52 was held over.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
         HB 146-SCHOOL TAX; PFD PAYMENT FOR SCHOOL TAX                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
8:38:58 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND announced  that the final order  of business would                                                               
be SPONSOR SUBSTITUTE FOR HOUSE BILL  NO. 146, "An Act imposing a                                                               
school tax  on certain income of  residents, part-year residents,                                                               
and nonresidents;  relating to a  payment against the  school tax                                                               
from the permanent fund dividend  disbursement; and providing for                                                               
an effective date."                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
8:39:23 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR DRUMMOND opened public testimony.                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
8:39:39 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ALLEN MCCARTY, Spokesperson,  Citizens Alliance Protecting School                                                               
Lands,  informed  the   committee  Citizens  Alliance  Protecting                                                               
School  Lands  is  a statewide  organization  formed  to  protect                                                               
school lands and  school funds.  He said the  proposed bill would                                                               
attack the 5 percent per year  trust fund.  Mr. McCarty expressed                                                               
his understanding  that the school  fund is  a trust, and  is not                                                               
state money,  but is school money.   Each year the  earnings from                                                               
the  trust are  deposited into  the general  fund.   The earnings                                                               
have reduced  from $24 million per  year to $10 million  per year                                                               
due to poor  investments by the Department of Revenue  (DOR).  He                                                               
cautioned that  at the end of  the bill the language  of the bill                                                               
would attack  the trust fund  and in 26  years the fund  that has                                                               
been building since 1915 will be totally gone.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
8:41:51 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
OWEN PHILLIPS,  Staff, Representative  Matt Claman,  Alaska State                                                               
Legislature, said  he is unware of  a 5 percent decrease  [in the                                                               
school fund].   He further  clarified that the bill  would garner                                                               
approximately   $500  million   through  taxes   that  would   be                                                               
designated to "the school fund and  then, as I understand it, the                                                               
leftover would just  stay in undesignated funds  and be allocated                                                               
elsewhere."                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  DRUMMOND  asked whether  the  school  tax funds  would  be                                                               
"somehow distinguished."                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MR. PHILLIPS said  DOR would have authority  to adopt regulations                                                               
for management of the funds.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
8:43:39 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHAIR  DRUMMOND,  after ascertaining  no  one  further wished  to                                                               
testify, closed public testimony.  She remarked:                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     This bill,  SSHB 146, has  a lot  of working parts.   I                                                                    
     believe that  with our current fiscal  reality, we need                                                                    
     to  keep our  options  open.   I  feel  there are  some                                                                    
     things in  this bill that  need to be clarified,  but I                                                                    
     think I  want to let  [the House Finance  Committee] do                                                                    
     that.   I don't want to  hold this bill up  here, so we                                                                    
     can  give them  time to  fully  vet this  bill in  that                                                                    
     committee.  ... I  know  I  would like  to  see a  more                                                                    
     progressive  tax scale,  but  I am  not  sure how  that                                                                    
     would  look.   I'm not  sure  how I  feel about  taxing                                                                    
     children who only receive a  PFD as income, even though                                                                    
     they would  benefit from this  tax.  But  those issues,                                                                    
     to me, are  less about education policy  and more about                                                                    
     finance, so  I would like  to move this bill  out today                                                                    
     with  the understanding  that in  its  current form,  I                                                                    
     would not necessarily  vote for this bill  on the House                                                                    
     floor.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  PARISH opined  the  bill levies  a  tax on  every                                                               
Alaskan  and  urged   for  a  mechanism  to   draw  revenue  from                                                               
nonresidents  and  working  adults   earning  income  from  other                                                               
sources.   He  agreed the  education  committee is  not the  best                                                               
committee to address the [financial aspects] of the bill.                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TALERICO  directed attention  to the bill  on page                                                               
2, lines 4-13, which read:                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
     (b)  For a taxpayer whose adjusted gross income is                                                                         
           (1)  less than $20,000, the tax is $100 a year;                                                                      
           (2)  $20,000 or more, but less than $40,000, the                                                                     
     tax is $250 a year;                                                                                                        
        (3)  $40,000 or more, but less than $50,000, the                                                                        
     tax is $500 a year;                                                                                                        
        (4)  $50,000 or more, but less than $75,000, the                                                                        
     tax is $750 a year;                                                                                                        
         (5)  $75,000 or more, but less than $100,000,                                                                          
     the tax is $1,000 a year;                                                                                                  
         (6)  $100,000 or more, but less than $150,000,                                                                         
     the tax is $2,500 a year;                                                                                                  
         (7)  $150,000 or more, but less than $200,000,                                                                         
     the tax is $5,000 a year;                                                                                                  
         (8)  $200,000 or more, but less than $250,000,                                                                         
     the tax is $6,500 a year;                                                                                                  
          (9)  $250,000 or more, the tax is $8,500 a year.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  TALERICO related  the  rates  for adjusted  gross                                                               
income  are  much higher  than  the  previous school  tax;  also,                                                               
aspects of  the maximum  income limit,  the steps  between income                                                               
limits, and  part-time income are  questionable.  He  pointed out                                                               
the bill assesses a tax  on year-around Alaska residents who live                                                               
below the poverty  level.  Representative Talerico  said he could                                                               
not support the bill.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
8:48:21 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE SPOHNHOLZ  stated support  for the  overall intent                                                               
of the  bill, which  is to  find a way  to fund  public education                                                               
based on one's income.  She  said progressivity in a revenue plan                                                               
is appropriate  at both  ends of the  income scale,  however, she                                                               
expressed her  concerns about the  structure of the bill  and its                                                               
disproportionate impact  on lower-income taxpayers,  with maximum                                                               
tax  [relief   for]  higher-income  taxpayers.     Representative                                                               
Spohnholz  said she  would reluctantly  support  moving the  bill                                                               
from committee.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
8:51:27 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE PARISH moved  to report SSHB 146  out of committee                                                               
with  individual  recommendations  and  the  accompanying  fiscal                                                               
notes.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE TALERICO objected.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
8:51:47 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
A roll  call vote  was taken.   Representatives  Parish, Fansler,                                                               
Spohnholz,   and   Drummond  voted   in   favor   of  SSHB   146.                                                               
Representatives Kopp  and Talerico voted against  it.  Therefore,                                                               
SSHB 146 was reported out of the House Education Standing                                                                       
Committee by a vote of 4-2.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
8:52:59 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ADJOURNMENT                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
There being no further business before the committee, the House                                                                 
Education Standing Committee meeting was adjourned at 8:53 a.m.                                                                 

Document Name Date/Time Subjects