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HR 8: Recognizing 2019 as the International Year of the Salmon and supporting an associated global initiative identifying the importance of wild salmon.

00                          HOUSE RESOLUTION NO. 8                                                                         
01 Recognizing 2019 as the International Year of the Salmon and supporting an associated                                   
02 global initiative identifying the importance of wild salmon.                                                            
03 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES:                                                                         
04       WHEREAS the International Year of the Salmon is a global initiative to spread                                   
05 information and stimulate outreach and research to establish the conditions necessary to                                
06 promote the resilience of wild salmon and people throughout the northern hemisphere; and                                
07       WHEREAS the International Year of the Salmon promotes understanding of wild                                     
08 salmon, including the present status of wild salmon and wild salmon environments; and                                   
09       WHEREAS the International Year of the Salmon promotes understanding of the ways                                 
10 in which natural environmental variability, climate change, and human factors affect the                                
11 distribution and abundance of wild salmon; and                                                                          
12       WHEREAS the International Year of the Salmon promotes using new methods,                                        
13 including new technologies, ideas, and approaches in wild salmon research and performing                                
14 research in poorly studied regions of the "salmosphere"; and                                                            
15       WHEREAS the International Year of the Salmon promotes sharing knowledge and                                     
16 collaborating in the development of new tools for and approaches to restoring, managing, and                            
01 sustaining wild salmon by communities, indigenous peoples, youth, harvesters, scientists,                               
02 resource managers, and policy makers across the northern hemisphere; and                                                
03       WHEREAS the International Year of the Salmon promotes making available                                          
04 historical and current data about wild salmon and wild salmon environments; and                                         
05       WHEREAS wild salmon have historically been an important part of the diets,                                      
06 economies, and cultures of people on both the east and west coasts of North America; and                                
07       WHEREAS Alaska Natives have relied on wild salmon for thousands of years, and                                   
08 wild salmon continues to constitute up to 70 percent of the subsistence harvest in many                                 
09 Alaska Native communities; and                                                                                          
10 WHEREAS the sustainable wild Alaska salmon commercial fishery contributes over                                        
11 38,000 jobs and nearly $2,000,000,000 in annual labor income to the United States economy;                              
12 and                                                                                                                     
13 WHEREAS the state's commercial wild salmon harvest constitutes approximately 50                                       
14 percent of wild salmon caught worldwide; and                                                                            
15 WHEREAS the wild salmon commercial and sport fishing industries in Southeast                                          
16 Alaska, Washington, and Oregon create over $3,400,000,000 in revenue and over 26,000 jobs                               
17 each year in the United States; and                                                                                     
18 WHEREAS, in British Columbia, Canada, the wild salmon commercial and sport                                          
19 fishing industries generate over $1,400,000,000 in revenue and 12,400 jobs each year; and                               
20 WHEREAS, in 2013 and 2014, commercial and recreational salmon fisheries in                                          
21 California had an average annual economic effect of $276,000,000; and                                                   
22 WHEREAS, in 2017, nine of the 22 chinook stocks along the west coast of the United                                
23 States and Canada failed to meet escapement goals agreed to by the Pacific Salmon                                       
24 Commission; and                                                                                                         
25 WHEREAS the federal government has spent over $10,000,000,000 for wild salmon                                         
26 recovery in the Pacific Northwest since the 1970s; and                                                                  
27 WHEREAS 28 populations of salmon and steelhead on the west coast of the United                                        
28 States are listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act; and                                     
29 WHEREAS the health of the wild Atlantic salmon is an indicator of the general                                         
30 environmental health of its surroundings; and                                                                           
31 WHEREAS, in the 1970s and 1980s, as many as 900,000 Atlantic salmon returned                                          
01 annually to the streams and rivers along the east coast of North America; in 2017, it was                               
02 estimated that only 496,000 Atlantic salmon spawned, and nearly all of those returned to                                
03 Canadian watersheds; and                                                                                                
04       WHEREAS, in the United States, where wild Atlantic salmon are listed under the                                  
05 Endangered Species Act, only 1,041 Atlantic salmon returned to rivers in the United States in                           
06 2017; and                                                                                                               
07       WHEREAS the federal government has spent tens of millions of dollars for wild                                   
08 salmon recovery along the east coast of the United States, and the amount of funds that would                           
09 be additionally required for Atlantic salmon to recover is unknown; and                                                 
10 WHEREAS the International Year of the Salmon establishes a period to celebrate and                                    
11 educate about the contributions of wild salmon to the health and economy of the state, the                              
12 United States, Canada, and other nations across the world and to find ways to rebuild salmon                            
13 stocks that are failing to meet escapement goals;                                                                       
14 BE IT RESOLVED that the House of Representatives recognizes 2019 as the                                               
15 International Year of the Salmon and supports the research efforts that will extend through                             
16 2022 as part of the global initiative; and be it                                                                        
17 FURTHER RESOLVED that the House of Representatives encourages individuals                                             
18 and local, state, tribal, national, and international governments, corporations, and other                              
19 relevant organizations to work together to uphold regulatory processes that apply best                                  
20 practices to the management of wild salmon fisheries, to support and invest in scientific                               
21 research to better understand the wild salmon populations of the northern hemisphere, and to                            
22 better manage wild salmon populations and the industries wild salmon support; and be it                                 
23 FURTHER RESOLVED that the House of Representatives celebrates the sustainable                                         
24 wild salmon industry and the health and social benefits the industry provides to the United                             
25 States.                                                                                                                 
26 COPIES of this resolution shall be sent to the Honorable Mike Dunleavy, Governor                                      
27 of Alaska; and the Honorable Lisa Murkowski and the Honorable Dan Sullivan, U.S.                                        
28 Senators, and the Honorable Don Young, U.S. Representative, members of the Alaska                                       
29 delegation in Congress.