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HB 150: "An Act requiring state elections and local elections that the state is responsible for conducting to be conducted by mail; requiring certain vote-by-mail ballots and election materials to be provided in certain written languages other than English; establishing an online ballot tracking and registration verification system; establishing voting centers and ballot drop boxes; eliminating the use of polling places, absentee ballots, and questioned ballots in certain elections; and providing for an effective date."

00                             HOUSE BILL NO. 150                                                                          
01 "An Act requiring state elections and local elections that the state is responsible for                                 
02 conducting to be conducted by mail; requiring certain vote-by-mail ballots and election                                 
03 materials to be provided in certain written languages other than English; establishing an                               
04 online ballot tracking and registration verification system; establishing voting centers                                
05 and ballot drop boxes; eliminating the use of polling places, absentee ballots, and                                     
06 questioned ballots in certain elections; and providing for an effective date."                                          
07 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                                
08    * Section 1. AS 15.07.060 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:                                           
09            (g)  The director shall provide every applicant for registration or reregistration                           
10 the opportunity to designate, from among the written languages in which the division                                    
11 is required to print election materials under 52 U.S.C. 10503, as amended, in which                                     
12 language the applicant prefers to receive ballots and other election materials printed                                  
13 for an election held under AS 15.20.800 - 15.20.895. If an applicant requests that                                      
01 ballots and election materials be printed in an applicable language, the director shall                                 
02 provide the applicant ballots and election materials in the applicant's selected language                               
03 under AS 15.20.805. If an applicant requests ballots and election materials in a written                                
04 language in which the division is not required under 52 U.S.C. 10503, as amended, to                                    
05 print ballots and election materials, the director shall notify the applicant that ballots                              
06 and election materials printed in that language are not available and allow the                                         
07 applicant another opportunity to select a language under this subsection. An applicant                                  
08 who does not indicate a language preference shall be provided ballots and election                                      
09 materials printed in English. The division shall provide to an applicant who has made                                   
10 a request under this subsection ballots and election materials in the applicant's selected                              
11       language until the earlier of the date that the                                                                   
12                 (1)  applicant's voter registration is inactivated or cancelled; or                                     
13 (2)  division is no longer required under 52 U.S.C. 10503, as amended,                                                  
14       to print ballots and election materials in the requested language.                                                
15    * Sec. 2. AS 15.20.800 is repealed and reenacted to read:                                                          
16 Sec. 15.20.800. Voting by mail. On and after August 16, 2022, the director                                            
17       shall, consistent with AS 15.20.805 - 15.20.895, conduct by mail                                                  
18                 (1)  a state primary, general, special, or special runoff election to                                   
19 (A)  select, nominate, or elect a governor, a lieutenant governor,                                                      
20            an acting governor, a state senator, or a state representative;                                              
21 (B)  retain or reject a justice or judge seeking retention in office                                                    
22            under art. IV, Constitution of the State of Alaska, and AS 15.35;                                            
23 (C)  determine whether a constitutional convention shall be                                                             
24            called and to select, nominate, or elect delegates to a constitutional convention;                           
25 (D)  approve or reject an initiative submitted under art. XI,                                                           
26            Constitution of the State of Alaska, and AS 15.45.010 - 15.45.245;                                           
27 (E)  approve or reject a referendum submitted under art. XI,                                                            
28            Constitution of the State of Alaska, and AS 15.45.250 - 15.45.465;                                           
29 (F)  recall an official identified in (A) of this paragraph when                                                        
30 authorized by art. XI, Constitution of the State of Alaska, and AS 15.45.470 -                                          
31            15.45.720;                                                                                                   
01                      (G)  approve or reject a proposed amendment to the                                                 
02            Constitution of the State of Alaska submitted under AS 15.50;                                                
03                      (H)  ratify or reject a state general obligation bond under                                        
04            AS 37.15; or                                                                                                 
05                      (I)  administer an advisory vote when authorized by the                                            
06            legislature by law; and                                                                                      
07                 (2)  other elections that the state is required by law to conduct,                                      
08       including                                                                                                         
09                      (A)  a special election authorized by AS 04.11.507(c) calling for                                  
10 a local option, change in local option, or removal of local option unless the                                           
11 petition of the residents of the established village asks that the provisions of                                        
12            this section not apply to that special election;                                                             
13 (B)  an election authorized by AS 14.08.071 unless the regional                                                         
14 educational attendance area board adopts a resolution for the purpose that is                                           
15 approved by the voters and filed with the office of the director determining that                                       
16            the provisions of this section do not apply;                                                                 
17 (C)  an election authorized by AS 29.05.110, whether conducted                                                          
18 separately or in combination with an election under AS 29.05.120, or an                                                 
19 election authorized by AS 29.06.140 or 29.06.510, unless the Local Boundary                                             
20 Commission recommends to the director that the provisions of this section not                                           
21            apply to the election;                                                                                       
22                      (D)  an election authorized                                                                        
23 (i)  by AS 30.13.010 to establish a regional resource                                                                   
24 development authority or to elect the initial members of the board of                                                   
25 governors of the authority unless petitioners request that the provisions                                               
26                 of this section not apply; or                                                                           
27 (ii)  by AS 30.13.020 unless the board of governors of                                                                  
28 the regional resource development authority adopts a resolution stating                                                 
29 that the provisions of this section do not apply and the resolution is                                                  
30 ratified by the voters of the development area and filed with the office                                                
31                 of the director.                                                                                        
01    * Sec. 3. AS 15.20 is amended by adding new sections to read:                                                      
02 Sec. 15.20.805. Procedures for conducting an election by mail. (a) For each                                           
03 election held under AS 15.20.800 - 15.20.895, the director shall send an official ballot                                
04 to each person whose name appears on the official registration list prepared under                                      
05 AS 15.07.125 for that election. Except as provided in (b) of this section, the director                                 
06 shall send the ballot, along with a voter's certificate, secrecy sleeve, and return                                     
07 identification envelope with postage prepaid by first class, nonforwardable mail, to the                                
08       address stated on the official registration list unless                                                           
09 (1)  the voter has notified the director or a district election supervisor of                                           
10       a different address to which the ballot should be sent; or                                                        
11 (2)  a previous mailing to the address on the official registration list has                                            
12       been returned to the division as undeliverable.                                                                   
13 (b)  The director shall prepare the voter's certificate, secrecy sleeve, return                                         
14 identification envelope, and other material used in an election held under                                              
15 AS 15.20.800 - 15.20.895. The voter's certificate must include a space for a voter to                                   
16 declare, when required, that the voter is a qualified voter, and a space for the voter's                                
17 signature. The voter's certificate must include a notice that a false statement made by                                 
18 the voter on the certificate is punishable by law. If the division uses ballot counting                                 
19 technology that preserves the confidentiality of a voter's information and ballot                                       
20       choices, the director may mail to a voter a ballot without including a secrecy sleeve.                            
21 (c)  The director shall send ballots under this section not later than 29 days                                          
22 preceding the date of the election. However, the director shall send a special advance                                  
23 ballot prepared under (d) of this section to a person not later than 45 days preceding                                  
24       the date of the election if the person                                                                            
25 (1)  is an absent uniformed services voter or is an overseas voter                                                      
26       qualified under AS 15.05.011; or                                                                                  
27 (2)  notified the director in writing at least 60 days before the election                                              
28 that the voter expects to be living, working, or traveling outside the United States at                                 
29 the time of the election or expects to be living, working, or traveling in a remote area                                
30 of the state where distance, terrain, or other natural conditions deny the voter                                        
31       reasonable access to a polling place at the time of the election.                                                 
01 (d)  The director shall prepare special advance ballots for use under (c) of this                                       
02 section in a state primary, general, special, or special runoff election. A ballot prepared                             
03 for use under this subsection must contain each judicial retention election and ballot                                  
04 proposition or question scheduled to appear on the particular ballot. The director shall                                
05 list on the ballot the different races to be voted on at the particular election on a                                   
06 statewide basis. If the names of the candidates in a general, special, or special runoff                                
07 election are not certified before the ballot must be prepared, the director shall prepare                               
08 a ballot without the names of the candidates that permits a voter to vote for all the                                   
09 candidates of a particular political party that expects to have candidates appearing on                                 
10 the ballot and provide on the ballot party boxes and a blank line for each office to be                                 
11 voted on in that election. The director shall also provide the voter with the names of                                  
12 each candidate appearing on the primary election ballot and the names of any                                            
13 candidates who have qualified by petition to appear on the general election ballot. The                                 
14 voter may vote for a candidate for that office by writing in the name of a person and                                   
15 filling in the oval to the right of that name, or the voter may mark one of the party                                   
16 boxes. If the voter puts a mark in a party box for that office, the director shall count                                
17 the mark as a vote cast for the candidate for that office nominated by that political                                   
18       party.                                                                                                            
19 (e)  A return identification envelope for an absent uniformed services voter or                                         
20 an overseas voter must allow the voter to return the ballot free of postage if required                                 
21       under 39 U.S.C. 3406.                                                                                             
22 (f)  If a voter requests under AS 15.07.060(g) or, at least 45 days before an                                           
23 election, requests in writing by other means designated in regulations adopted by the                                   
24 director, to receive a ballot in a language other than English in which the division is                                 
25 required to print election materials under 52 U.S.C. 10503, as amended, the director                                    
26 shall provide the voter with a ballot and election materials under this section in the                                  
27       language requested.                                                                                               
28 Sec. 15.20.810. Completion and return of ballot. (a) Upon receiving an                                                
29 official ballot, a voter shall mark the ballot, sign the voter's certificate printed on the                             
30 return identification envelope supplied with the ballot, place the ballot in the secrecy                                
31 sleeve, insert both into the return identification envelope, complying with the                                         
01 instructions provided with the ballot, and return the ballot to the district election                                   
02 supervisor for the voter's precinct by mail, or by depositing the ballot at a voting                                    
03 center established under AS 15.20.830 or ballot drop box designated by the director                                     
04       under AS 15.20.835.                                                                                               
05 (b)  A ballot may not be mailed or deposited at a voting center or ballot drop                                          
06 box by an intermediary who is paid by or who volunteers for a political party, political                                
07 group, or business or organization to provide that service. However, nothing in this                                    
08 subsection prohibits a voter from giving a completed ballot to a friend, relative, or                                   
09 associate to mail by way of the United States Postal Service or for deposit at a voting                                 
10       center or ballot drop box.                                                                                        
11 Sec. 15.20.812. Ballot tracking and registration verification system. (a) The                                         
12 director shall establish a free online system, available through the division's Internet                                
13 website, through which an election official or a voter may track and confirm the                                        
14       division's receipt of an election ballot.                                                                         
15 (b)  The online system established under (a) of this section must also allow a                                          
16 voter to see whether the voter's ballot was counted and, if not, the reason the ballot                                  
17 was not counted. The director shall make the information required by this subsection                                    
18       available through the online system within                                                                        
19 (1)  10 days after the date the results of a primary election or special                                                
20 election under AS 15.40.140 are certified, when the election is followed by a special                                   
21       runoff election; and                                                                                              
22 (2)  30 days after the date the results of a general or special election are                                            
23       certified, other than a special election described in (1) of this subsection.                                     
24 (c)  The online system established under (a) of this section must allow an                                              
25       election official access to the names and political affiliations of all persons                                   
26 (1)  named on the master register, including those persons whose voter                                                  
27       registrations are inactive under AS 15.07.130(b); and                                                             
28 (2)  whose names must be placed on the list under AS 15.07.070(c) or                                                    
29       (d).                                                                                                              
30 Sec. 15.20.815. Replacement ballots. (a) A voter may obtain an official                                               
31 replacement ballot if a ballot is destroyed, spoiled, or lost, or if, for any other reason,                             
01       the ballot has not been received or cannot be used by the voter.                                                  
02 (b)  To vote a replacement ballot, the voter shall complete and sign a                                                  
03 replacement ballot request on a form prescribed for that purpose by the division. The                                   
04 form must allow a voter to request any ballot the voter is eligible to vote under                                       
05 AS 15.20.843. A request for a replacement ballot may be made electronically, by                                         
06 telephone, in writing, in person, at a voting center established under AS 15.20.830, or                                 
07       by other means designated in regulations adopted by the director.                                                 
08            (c)  Upon receiving a replacement ballot request, the director or, when                                      
09       applicable, the district election supervisor, shall                                                               
10 (1)  verify the voter's registration and ensure that another ballot has not                                             
11       been returned by the voter;                                                                                       
12 (2)  indicate on the ballot's return identification envelope that the                                                   
13       envelope contains a replacement ballot;                                                                           
14 (3)  issue the replacement ballot in person at a voting center established                                              
15       under AS 15.20.830, by mail, or by other means; and                                                               
16 (4)  take reasonable measures to ensure that a voter requesting a                                                       
17       replacement ballot is not able to vote more than once.                                                            
18 (d)  Upon receiving a voted replacement ballot, the district election supervisor                                        
19 shall verify that a completed and signed replacement ballot request form has been                                       
20 received by the director or is included with the voted replacement ballot. If a request                                 
21 form has been completed and signed by the voter and received by the director or                                         
22 district election supervisor, the district election supervisor shall process the                                        
23       replacement ballot.                                                                                               
24 (e)  The director or the district election supervisor, as applicable, may delegate                                      
25       a duty assigned in this section to an election official in the district.                                          
26 Sec. 15.20.820. Time of district ballot counting review. (a) Not less than 10                                         
27 days before the date of the election, the district election supervisor, in the presence and                             
28 with the assistance of the district ballot counting board, shall review all voter                                       
29 certificates received by that date. The review of certificates shall continue at times                                  
30 designated by the district election supervisor until completed. A ballot may not be                                     
31       counted until the accompanying voter certificate has been reviewed.                                               
01 (b)  Counting of ballots shall begin 10 days before the date of the election at                                         
02 places designated by each district election supervisor and shall continue until all                                     
03 ballots have been counted. The counting teams shall report the count of ballots to the                                  
04       district election board.                                                                                          
05            (c)  Not later than the 15th day after the date of the election, the district ballot                         
06       counting board shall certify the ballot count.                                                                    
07            (d)  A ballot received in the office of a district election supervisor after the                             
08       completion of the district ballot counting review shall be forwarded immediately to the                           
09       director by the most expeditious service.                                                                         
10 Sec. 15.20.823. Procedure for district counting review. (a) The district ballot                                       
11 counting board established under AS 15.20.845(c) shall examine each return                                              
12 identification envelope for a ballot cast by mail, at a voting center, or deposited at a                                
13 ballot drop box and shall determine whether the voter is qualified to vote at the                                       
14       election and whether the ballot has been properly cast.                                                           
15            (b)  A ballot may be counted only if                                                                         
16                 (1)  the voter has properly executed the voter's certificate;                                           
17 (2)  the voter's signature on the return identification envelope matches                                                
18       the signature in that voter's registration record;                                                                
19                 (3)  the ballot,                                                                                        
20 (A)  if postmarked, is postmarked on or before the date of the                                                          
21 election and received by the district election supervisor not later than the                                            
22            seventh day after the election;                                                                              
23 (B)  if cast at a voting center or deposited at a ballot drop box,                                                      
24 was cast or deposited before the time the voting center or deposit box was                                              
25            closed on election day;                                                                                      
26                 (4)  for a voter who voted                                                                              
27                      (A)  in person at a voting center and is a                                                         
28 (i)  first-time voter who initially registered to vote by                                                               
29 mail or by facsimile or other electronic transmission approved by the                                                   
30 director under AS 15.07.050, the voter has provided the identification                                                  
31 required by AS 15.15.225(a), was eligible for waiver of the                                                             
01 identification requirement under AS 15.15.225(b), or has provided the                                                   
02 identifiers required in AS 15.07.060(a)(2) and (3) that can be verified                                                 
03                 through state agency records described in AS 15.07.055(e); or                                           
04 (ii)  voter other than one described in (i) of this                                                                     
05 subparagraph, the voter has provided identification described in                                                        
06 AS 15.15.225(a), was personally known by the election official, or has                                                  
07                 provided the identifiers required in AS 15.07.060(a)(2) and (3); or                                     
08 (B)  by mail and is a first-time voter who initially registered to                                                      
09 vote by mail or by facsimile or other electronic transmission approved by the                                           
10 director under AS 15.07.050, the voter has met the identification requirements                                          
11            set out in AS 15.07.060 or has submitted with the ballot a copy of a                                         
12 (i)  driver's license, state identification card, current and                                                           
13 valid photo identification, birth certificate, passport, or hunting or                                                  
14                 fishing license; or                                                                                     
15 (ii)  current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck,                                                                   
16 government check, or other government document; an item described                                                       
17 in this sub-subparagraph must show the name and current address of                                                      
18                 the voter.                                                                                              
19 (c)  The district election supervisor shall verify a voter's signature on the return                                    
20 identification envelope with the signature on that voter's registration record under                                    
21 (b)(2) of this section according to a procedure provided in regulations adopted by the                                  
22       director.                                                                                                         
23 (d)  Any person present at the district ballot counting review may challenge the                                        
24 name of a voter when read from the voter's certificate on the return identification                                     
25 envelope if the person has good reason to suspect that the challenged voter is not                                      
26 qualified to vote, is disqualified, or has voted at the same election. The person making                                
27 the challenge shall specify the basis of the challenge in writing. The district ballot                                  
28 counting board by majority vote may refuse to accept and count the ballot of a person                                   
29       properly challenged on grounds listed in (b) of this section.                                                     
30 (e)  The district election supervisor shall place all rejected ballots in a separate                                    
31 envelope with the statements of challenge. The envelope shall be labeled "rejected                                      
01       ballots" and shall be forwarded to the director with the election certificates and other                          
02       returns.                                                                                                          
03            (f)  If a ballot is accepted, the return identification envelope shall be opened                             
04       and the secrecy sleeve, unless omitted under AS 15.20.805(b), containing the ballot                               
05       shall be placed in a container and mixed with other secrecy sleeves.                                              
06 (g)  The secrecy sleeves shall be drawn from the container, the ballots shall be                                        
07 removed from the secrecy sleeves, unless omitted under AS 15.20.805(b), and the                                         
08 ballots counted at the times specified in AS 15.20.820 and according to the rules for                                   
09       determining properly marked ballots in AS 15.15.360.                                                              
10 (h)  Upon completion of the ballot review, the district election supervisor shall                                       
11 prepare an election certificate for execution by the district ballot counting board and                                 
12 shall forward the original certificate and other returns to the director not later than the                             
13       16th day following the election.                                                                                  
14 (i)  The director shall prepare and mail to each voter whose ballot was rejected                                        
15 under this section a summary of the reason that the challenge to the ballot was upheld                                  
16       and the ballot was rejected.                                                                                      
17 (j)  The director shall mail the materials described in (i) of this section to the                                      
18       voter not later than                                                                                              
19 (1)  10 days after completion of the review of ballots by the state                                                     
20 review board for a primary election or for a special election under AS 15.40.140 that is                                
21       followed by a special runoff election;                                                                            
22 (2)  60 days after certification of the results of a general election,                                                  
23 special runoff election, or special election other than a special election described in (1)                             
24       of this subsection.                                                                                               
25 Sec. 15.20.825. Counting of votes cast by former residents of a district and                                          
26 of ballots deposited outside of voters' election districts. (a) A person who meets all                                
27 voter qualifications except the requirement in AS 15.05.010(3) is qualified to vote a                                   
28 ballot in the house district in which the person formerly resided if the person lived in                                
29 that house district for at least 30 days immediately before changing residence, except                                  
30       that the person may vote only for                                                                                 
31                 (1)  statewide ballot measures and questions;                                                           
01                 (2)  candidates for federal or statewide offices;                                                       
02                 (3)  candidates for the state senate if the voter's former residence and                                
03       present residence are in the same senate district; and                                                            
04                 (4)  candidates for judicial retention if the voter's former residence and                              
05       present residence are in the same judicial district.                                                              
06 (b)  The director shall adopt regulations relating to the casting of a ballot at a                                      
07 voting center or ballot drop box by a voter who is registered to vote in the state but not                              
08 in the election district for which the vote was cast. The regulations must require that                                 
09 the voter's ballot be forwarded to the district election board in the district in which the                             
10       voter is registered to vote before the completion of the district ballot count.                                   
11 Sec. 15.20.830. Voting centers. (a) For the 10 days immediately preceding an                                          
12 election under AS 15.20.800 - 15.20.895 and on election day, a qualified voter may                                      
13 cast a completed ballot or replacement ballot at a voting center designated by the                                      
14 director under this section. The director shall provide as many voting centers in each                                  
15 house district as the director considers necessary to ensure that each voter in the                                     
16 district may effectively cast or deposit a completed ballot, receive assistance under                                   
17       AS 15.15.240, and, if necessary, obtain a replacement ballot under AS 15.20.815.                                  
18 (b)  In establishing a voting center, the director shall prioritize the convenience                                     
19 of the location for voters. In selecting a voting center location, the director shall                                   
20       consider                                                                                                          
21 (1)  the proximity of a location to public transportation and availability                                              
22       of public parking near the location;                                                                              
23 (2)  geographic and climatic factors that may affect a voter's access to                                                
24       the location;                                                                                                     
25 (3)  the characteristics of the house district and the distribution and                                                 
26       densities of its population;                                                                                      
27                 (4)  the accessibility of the location to voters with disabilities;                                     
28 (5)  whether the location has historically served a significant number of                                               
29       voters as a polling place;                                                                                        
30 (6)  whether the location is a public building that is known to voters                                                  
31 and whether the use of the building will result in cost savings in comparison to other                                  
01       possible locations; and                                                                                           
02                 (7)  whether effective methods and standards to ensure the security of                                  
03       voting can be implemented at the location.                                                                        
04            (c)  The director shall ensure that at each voting center a qualified voter may                              
05                 (1)  deposit a completed ballot for collection;                                                         
06                 (2)  change the voter's residence address or voter registration;                                        
07                 (3)  cast a replacement ballot;                                                                         
08                 (4)  at a primary election, cast a political party ballot for a party that the                          
09       voter is not affiliated with if the bylaws of the party do not restrict a voter's                                 
10       participation in the party's primary election; and                                                                
11                 (5)  receive voting assistance under AS 15.15.240.                                                      
12 (d)  Except as provided in (e) of this section, a voting center must be equipped                                        
13 to allow an election official secure electronic access to the online ballot tracking and                                
14       registration verification system established under AS 15.20.812.                                                  
15 (e)  If the director finds that secure electronic access to the information                                             
16 available under AS 15.20.812 is not practicable from a voting center, the division shall                                
17 adopt a procedure to allow access to the information by election officials from the                                     
18       voting center by way of telephone or other means.                                                                 
19 (f)  A voting center and its facilities and voting equipment must comply with                                           
20 the requirements of 42 U.S.C. 12101 - 12213 (Americans with Disabilities Act of                                         
21       1990), as amended.                                                                                                
22 (g)  If a qualified voter requests a replacement ballot at a voting center under                                        
23 AS 15.20.815, the district election supervisor or election official shall verify under                                  
24 AS 15.20.812(a), or as provided in (e) of this section, that the division has not already                               
25 received a ballot for the election from the voter. If the district election supervisor or                               
26 election official is unable to determine whether the voter has already cast a ballot for                                
27 the election, the district election supervisor or election official shall provide the voter                             
28 with a replacement ballot. A replacement ballot shall also be provided to a person who                                  
29 claims to be a registered voter, but for whom no evidence of registration can be found.                                 
30 The director or the director's representative shall determine whether the voter is                                      
31       registered in the district before counting the ballot.                                                            
01 (h)  The director shall provide materials, forms, and supplies for each voting                                          
02 center, including information regarding the date of the election and hours the voting                                   
03 center will be open, instructions on how to obtain a replacement ballot, instructions for                               
04 first-time voters who initially registered by mail, general information on voting rights,                               
05 prohibitions on acts of fraud and misrepresentation, and whom to contact to report                                      
06       violations.                                                                                                       
07 (i)  On the day of an election, each district election board shall open the voting                                      
08 center for which the board is responsible at 7:00 a.m., close the voting center at 8:00                                 
09 p.m., and keep the voting center open during the time between those hours. The                                          
10 district election board members shall report to the voting center at 6:30 a.m. on an                                    
11 election day. For the 10 days preceding the date of the election, excluding Sundays, a                                  
12 district election board shall open the voting center for which the board is responsible                                 
13 at 9:00 a.m., close the voting center at 7:00 p.m., and keep the voting center open                                     
14 during the time between those hours. On the 10 days preceding the date of an election,                                  
15       the district election board members shall report to the voting center at 8:30 a.m.                                
16 (j)  At each voting center, the division shall provide language assistance as                                           
17 required under 52 U.S.C. 10503, as amended, in a manner that enables voters to                                          
18 participate effectively in the electoral process. The district election supervisor shall                                
19 post at each voting center information regarding the availability of language assistance                                
20 in English and all other languages for which language assistance is required to be                                      
21       provided in the jurisdiction under federal law.                                                                   
22 (k)  Before the initial opening of the voting center under (i) of this section, the                                     
23 district election supervisor shall inspect the voting equipment to determine whether the                                
24       equipment has been properly prepared for voting.                                                                  
25 (l)  The director shall designate locations for voting centers established under                                        
26       this section by June 1 of an election year.                                                                       
27 Sec. 15.20.835. Drop boxes for vote-by-mail ballots. (a) The director shall                                           
28 adopt regulations for the designation and location of ballot drop boxes. The                                            
29 regulations must specify the dates and times the drop boxes will be open, where the                                     
30 drop boxes will be located, and the security requirements for the drop boxes. At a                                      
31 minimum, the regulations must require that at least one drop box be located at each                                     
01 voting center established under AS 15.20.830 and that a drop box be open on the date                                    
02 of the election for a period of eight or more hours and stay open until 8:00 p.m. A                                     
03 district election supervisor shall prominently display a sign at each drop box location                                 
04 established under this subsection identifying the location as an official ballot drop box                               
05       site.                                                                                                             
06 (b)  The district election supervisor shall ensure that ballots are removed from                                        
07 a ballot drop box frequently enough to allow additional ballots to be deposited                                         
08 securely. A team of at least two election officials shall remove ballots from a ballot                                  
09 drop box. A record must be kept of the date and time of each removal of ballots, the                                    
10 number of ballots removed from the drop box, and the names of the election officials                                    
11 who removed the ballots. The election officials responsible for removing ballots from                                   
12 a drop box shall place the ballots in a secured transport container along with a copy of                                
13 the record kept under this subsection and deliver the ballots to the counting center,                                   
14 where another election official shall verify the record. All ballot drop boxes must be                                  
15       secured at 8:00 p.m. on the day of the election.                                                                  
16 (c)  The director shall designate ballot drop box locations established under                                           
17       this section by June 1 of an election year.                                                                       
18 Sec. 15.20.840. Special provisions applicable to voter qualification and                                              
19 registration. (a) Notwithstanding AS 15.05.011(a), a person residing outside the                                      
20       United States who is qualified under AS 15.05.011 may register and vote by mail.                                  
21            (b)  For an election described in AS 15.05.014,                                                              
22 (1)  notwithstanding AS 15.05.014(1), registration and voting                                                           
23 procedures, except as otherwise provided in this section, must be identical to                                          
24       procedures established in this title; and                                                                         
25 (2)  the provisions of AS 15.05.014(2) and (3) apply to the elections                                                   
26 described in this subsection except that the authorization in AS 15.05.014(3) to vote                                   
27       by absentee ballot does not apply.                                                                                
28 (c)  In an election to be conducted under AS 15.20.800 - 15.20.895, an election                                         
29 official appointed under AS 15.10 may serve as a registration official for purposes of                                  
30       AS 15.07.                                                                                                         
31 (d)  Notwithstanding AS 15.07.030(b), a person qualified under AS 15.05.011                                             
01 to vote in a federal election is entitled to be registered as a voter in the house district in                          
02       which the person resided immediately before departure from the United States.                                     
03 (e)  For purposes of complying with AS 15.07.064, notwithstanding                                                       
04 AS 15.07.064(e)(1), the director may consider an application for registration within a                                  
05 municipality or established village to comply with law based on other information                                       
06 contained in the application, including evidence that the application was made in                                       
07 person before a voting registrar or election official or other voting official appointed to                             
08 serve in the municipality or established village, if the application complies with                                      
09       AS 15.07.064(e)(2) and (3).                                                                                       
10 (f)  For purposes of AS 15.07.130(b) and (d), a voter "appears to vote" if a                                            
11 voter who has not received a ballot by mail makes a timely request to the division for a                                
12       ballot.                                                                                                           
13 (g)  In addition to disclosure under AS 15.07.195(b)(1), a voter's residential                                          
14 address may be disclosed to a watcher appointed under AS 15.20.850 and, in the case                                     
15 of a watcher appointed by an organization or group sponsoring or opposing an                                            
16       initiative, referendum, or recall group, authorized by the director.                                              
17 Sec. 15.20.843. Preparation of ballots for primary election; appropriate                                              
18 ballot. (a) Except in the case of a ballot on which blank lines are allowed as described                              
19 in AS 15.20.805(d), the director shall prepare primary election ballots for use under                                   
20 AS 15.20.800 - 15.20.895 in the same manner as provided in AS 15.25.060(a). Except                                      
21 as provided in (b) - (d) of this section, in mailing primary election ballots, the director                             
22 shall provide a voter with the primary election ballot for the political party or group                                 
23 with which the voter is affiliated. For the purpose of determining which primary                                        
24 election ballot to mail to a voter, the director shall consider a voter's party affiliation to                          
25 be the affiliation registered with the director on the 30th day before the primary                                      
26 election. If a voter changes party affiliation within 30 days before the primary election,                              
27 the voter's previous party affiliation shall be used in making the determination under                                  
28       this subsection.                                                                                                  
29 (b)  The director or district election supervisor shall provide a voter who is                                          
30 registered as affiliated with a political party with a primary election ballot for a                                    
31       different political party, on request, if                                                                         
01                 (1)  the bylaws of that political party allow a voter registered as                                     
02       affiliated with another political party to participate in that party's primary; and                               
03                 (2)  the request is made not later than 45 days before a ballot is mailed                               
04       to the voter under AS 15.20.805 or in a request for a replacement ballot under                                    
05       AS 15.20.815.                                                                                                     
06            (c)  The director or a district election supervisor shall provide a voter who is                             
07       registered as nonpartisan or undeclared with a primary election ballot for a political                            
08       party if                                                                                                          
09                 (1)  the bylaws of that political party do not restrict participation by                                
10       nonpartisan or undeclared voters in that party's primary; and                                                     
11 (2)  the request is made not later than 45 days before a ballot is mailed                                               
12 to the voter under AS 15.20.805 or when requesting a replacement ballot under                                           
13       AS 15.20.815.                                                                                                     
14 (d)  Unless a voter registered as nonpartisan or undeclared requests a ballot for                                       
15 a political party under (c) of this section, the director shall prepare, print, and mail the                            
16 voter a primary election ballot that includes only the ballot titles and propositions                                   
17       required to appear on the ballot.                                                                                 
18 Sec. 15.20.845. Vote-by-mail election administration. (a) An election                                                 
19 supervisor shall appoint a district election board composed of at least three qualified                                 
20 voters registered to vote in that district. The district election board shall supervise the                             
21 election in the district. If the election supervisor is unable to locate three qualified                                
22 individuals registered to vote in the district who are willing and able to serve on the                                 
23 district election board, the election supervisor may appoint any qualified individual                                   
24 registered to vote in this state. In addition to the three qualified voters registered to                               
25 vote in the district or state, an election supervisor may also appoint not more than two                                
26 members of the youth vote ambassador program, as provided in (d) of this section, to                                    
27 serve on a district election board. The provisions of AS 15.10.120(b), (c), and (e)                                     
28 apply to nominations and appointments under this subsection. The election supervisor                                    
29 shall appoint a chair for the district election board. The decision of the majority of                                  
30 district election board members determines the action that the district election board                                  
31       shall take regarding any question that arises during the course of the election.                                  
01 (b)  Before assuming the duties of office, each election official shall take an                                         
02 oath to honestly, faithfully, and promptly perform the duties of office. Any appointed                                  
03 election official, including an appointed election official who has not personally                                      
04 subscribed to the oath, may administer the oath to another election official. The chair                                 
05 of the district election board appointed under (a) of this section shall rotate the time at                             
06       which election officials serving at a voting center may be relieved for meals.                                    
07 (c)  Thirty days before the date of an election, an election supervisor shall                                           
08 appoint, in the same manner provided for the appointment of election officials                                          
09 prescribed in AS 15.10, district ballot counting boards, each composed of at least four                                 
10 members. At least one member of each board must be a member of the same political                                       
11 party of which the governor is a member, and at least one member of each board must                                     
12 be a member of the political party whose candidate for governor received the second                                     
13 largest number of votes in the preceding gubernatorial election. The district election                                  
14 board shall assist the election supervisor in counting the ballots cast under                                           
15 AS 15.20.800 - 15.20.895 and a member of the district election board shall receive the                                  
16       same compensation as an election board member under AS 15.15.380.                                                 
17 (d)  An election supervisor may appoint a member of the youth vote                                                      
18 ambassador program established under AS 15.10.108 to serve on a district election                                       
19 board appointed under (a) of this section. A program member who is appointed to                                         
20 serve on a district election board under this subsection serves under the supervision of                                
21       the chair of that board.                                                                                          
22 (e)  Notwithstanding the requirements of AS 15.15.070(b), (c), and (h), in                                              
23       implementing the notice requirements of AS 15.15.070(a), the director shall                                       
24 (1)  give notice by publication at least twice in one or more newspapers                                                
25 of general circulation in each of the four judicial districts; the printed notice must                                  
26 include the date of election, notification that the election will be conducted by mail,                                 
27 the dates and times voting centers will be open before the date of the election and on                                  
28 election day, the locations of voting centers and ballot drop boxes, the offices to which                               
29 candidates are to be nominated or elected, and the subject of each proposition or                                       
30       question to be voted on;                                                                                          
31 (2)  post notices in communities that do not have newspapers of general                                                 
01 circulation where posting of notice is considered necessary by the director; the posted                                 
02 notice must include the date of election, notification that the election will be                                        
03 conducted by mail, the dates and times voting centers will be open before the date of                                   
04 the election and on election day, the locations of voting centers and ballot drop boxes,                                
05 the offices to which candidates are to be nominated or elected, the subject of the                                      
06 propositions and questions to be voted on, and other information considered necessary                                   
07       by the director; and                                                                                              
08 (3)  arrange for an abbreviated form of the notice published under (1) of                                               
09 this subsection to be broadcast on one or more radio or television stations in each of                                  
10 the four judicial districts; the broadcast notice must include, at a minimum, the date of                               
11 the election, notification that the election will be conducted by mail, the dates and                                   
12 times voting centers will be open before the date of the election and on election day,                                  
13 the locations of voting centers and ballot drop boxes, and the address and telephone                                    
14 number of the election supervisor for the election district in which the notice is                                      
15       broadcast.                                                                                                        
16 (f)  Notwithstanding AS 15.15.380, the director shall pay each member of a                                              
17 district election board for time spent performing election duties, including the                                        
18 receiving of instructions. The chair of an election board and the chair and members of                                  
19 the state ballot counting review board shall be paid for time spent performing election                                 
20 duties. The director shall set the compensation to be paid under this section by                                        
21       regulation.                                                                                                       
22 (g)  In carrying out the duty under AS 15.15.420 to review the counting of                                              
23       ballots,                                                                                                          
24                 (1)  the director shall conduct only                                                                    
25                      (A)  a review of the tallies and ballots cast; and                                                 
26 (B)  a hand count of ballots from one randomly selected election                                                        
27 district; this subparagraph does not apply if the ballot for the election district                                      
28            contains only uncontested offices;                                                                           
29 (2)  if, following the ballot review set out in (1) of this subsection, the                                             
30 director finds a discrepancy of more than one percent between the results of the hand                                   
31 count under (1)(B) of this subsection and the count certified by the district election                                  
01       board, the director shall conduct a hand recount of all ballots from that district;                               
02                 (3)  if the director finds an unexplained discrepancy in the ballot count                               
03       within a district, the director may conduct a hand count of all ballots from that district;                       
04       and                                                                                                               
05                 (4)  the director shall certify in writing to the state ballot counting                                 
06       review board and publish on the division's Internet website any changes resulting from                            
07       a count performed under (2) or (3) of this subsection.                                                            
08            (h)  The state ballot counting review shall begin as soon as practicable after the                           
09       election is completed and not later than 15 days after the date of the election and shall                         
10 continue until completed. The director may designate the hours each day during which                                    
11       the state ballot counting review board may conduct its ballot counting review.                                    
12 (i)  The director shall comply with AS 15.15.470 except that the director's                                             
13 obligation under that section to preserve records applies to tallies and registers without                              
14       regard to precinct election certificates.                                                                         
15 Sec. 15.20.850. Party and candidate representatives. A state party chair may                                          
16 appoint one or more persons as watchers at each voting center established under                                         
17 AS 15.20.830 and each counting center for an election held under AS 15.20.800 -                                         
18 15.20.895. A candidate not representing a political party may appoint one or more                                       
19 watchers for each voting center and counting center in the candidate's district or the                                  
20 state for any election. An organization or organized group that sponsors or opposes an                                  
21 initiative, referendum, or recall may appoint one or more watchers for each voting                                      
22 center and counting center after first obtaining authorization from the director. A state                               
23 party or a candidate not representing a political party or organization or organized                                    
24 group may not have more than one watcher on duty at a time in a voting center or                                        
25 counting center. A watcher must be a United States citizen. A watcher at a counting                                     
26 center may be present at a position that affords a full view of all action of the election                              
27 officials taken until the ballots are finally counted and the results certified by the                                  
28 district election board or the data processing review board. The district election board                                
29 or the data processing review board may require a watcher at a counting center to                                       
30 present written proof showing appointment by the party district committee, the                                          
31 organization or organized group, or the candidate the watcher represents that is signed                                 
01 by the chair of the party district committee, the state party chair, the organization or                                
02       organized group, or the candidate.                                                                                
03 Sec. 15.20.855. Election recounts. (a) The director and appointed party                                               
04 representatives shall complete a review of ballots cast. The review of the ballot counts                                
05 certified by the district ballot counting boards shall be accomplished by reviewing the                                 
06 tallies of the recorded vote to check for mathematical error and by comparing the                                       
07       totals with the election certificate of results.                                                                  
08 (b)  A defeated candidate or 10 qualified voters who believe there has been a                                           
09 mistake made by an election official or by the district ballot counting board in                                        
10 counting the votes in an election may apply to the director within five days after the                                  
11 completion of the state review under (a) of this section for a recount of the votes from                                
12 a house district or for a particular office, proposition, or question. However, an                                      
13 application for a recount of votes cast for the offices of governor and lieutenant                                      
14 governor must be filed within three days after completion of the state review following                                 
15 the general election. As provided in AS 15.15.460, if there is a tie vote, the director                                 
16 shall initiate the recount and give notice to the interested parties as provided in                                     
17 AS 15.20.470. An application made under this subsection is subject to the                                               
18       requirements of AS 15.20.430(b).                                                                                  
19 (c)  An application filed under (b) of this section must state the basis of the                                         
20 belief that a mistake has been made, the district for which the recount is to be held, or                               
21 the particular office, proposition, or question for which the recount is to be held. The                                
22 application must designate two persons to represent the applicant and assist at the                                     
23 recount. Any person may be named representative, including the candidate or a person                                    
24 signing the application. An application filed by 10 qualified voters must also include                                  
25 the designation of one of the 10 voters as chair. The application must include the full                                 
26 name and mailing address of each applicant. A recount initiated under this subsection                                   
27       is subject to the requirements of AS 15.20.440(b).                                                                
28 (d)  An application under this section must include a deposit in cash, by                                               
29 certified check, or by bond with a surety approved by the director, as provided in                                      
30       AS 15.20.450.                                                                                                     
31 (e)  In conducting a recount requested under this section, the director shall                                           
01 review all ballots to determine which ballots, or parts of ballots, were properly marked                                
02 and which ballots are to be counted in the recount and shall check the accuracy of the                                  
03 original count and the review. For administrative purposes, the director may join and                                   
04 include two or more applications in a single review and count of votes. The rules in                                    
05 AS 15.15.360 governing the counting of ballots shall be followed in the recount when                                    
06 a ballot is challenged based on a question regarding the voter's intent to vote for the                                 
07 candidate, proposition, or question. The ballots and other election material must                                       
08 remain in the custody of the director during the recount, and the highest degree of care                                
09 shall be exercised to protect the ballots against alteration or mutilation. The recount                                 
10 shall be completed within 10 days. The director may employ additional personnel as                                      
11       needed to assist in the recount.                                                                                  
12 Sec. 15.20.890. Provisions of title not applicable to voting by mail.                                                 
13 AS 15.07.010, 15.07.070(h), and 15.07.081; AS 15.10.108(c), 15.10.120(a),                                               
14 15.10.120(d), and 15.10.125 - 15.10.170; AS 15.15.030(13), 15.15.032, 15.15.040(c),                                     
15 15.15.050, 15.15.060, 15.15.080 - 15.15.210, 15.15.225(c), 15.15.230, 15.15.330 -                                       
16 15.15.350, 15.15.370, 15.15.390, 15.15.430, and 15.15.440; AS 15.20.010 -                                               
17 15.20.225, 15.20.430(a), 15.20.440(a), and 15.20.480; and AS 15.45.670 and                                              
18 AS 15.56.035(a)(1) do not apply in an election conducted under AS 15.20.800 -                                           
19       15.20.895.                                                                                                        
20 Sec. 15.20.895. Definition of "voter" in AS 15.20.800 - 15.20.895. In                                                 
21 AS 15.20.800 - 15.20.895, notwithstanding AS 15.80.010, "voter" means a person                                          
22 whose name appears on the official registration list prepared under AS 15.07.125 for                                    
23       an election subject to the requirements of AS 15.20.800 - 15.20.895.                                              
24    * Sec. 4. AS 15.45.680 is amended to read:                                                                         
25 Sec. 15.45.680. Statement of official subject to recall; display of grounds                                           
26 for and against recall. The director shall provide each election board in the state or in                             
27 the senate or house district of the person subject to recall with at least five copies of                               
28 the statement of the grounds for recall included in the application and at least five                                   
29 copies of the statement of not more than 200 words made by the official subject to                                      
30 recall in justification of the official's conduct in office. The person subject to recall                               
31 may provide the director with the statement within 10 days after the date the director                                  
01       gave notification that the petition was properly filed. The election board shall post at                          
02       least one copy of the statements for and against recall in a conspicuous place in a                           
03       location where the election is held [THE POLLING PLACE].                                                      
04    * Sec. 5. AS 15.80.010(1) is amended to read:                                                                      
05                 (1)  "absent uniformed services voter" has the meaning given in 52                                  
06       U.S.C. 20310 [42 U.S.C. 1973ff-6];                                                                            
07    * Sec. 6. This Act takes effect January 1, 2020.