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SSHJR 26: Proposing amendments to the Constitution of the State of Alaska relating to the membership and actions of the Redistricting Board and relating to district boundaries and the establishment of a nonpartisan statewide district map.

00            SPONSOR SUBSTITUTE FOR HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 26                                                         
01 Proposing amendments to the Constitution of the State of Alaska relating to the                                         
02 membership and actions of the Redistricting Board and relating to district boundaries                                   
03 and the establishment of a nonpartisan statewide district map.                                                          
04 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                               
05    * Section 1. Article VI, sec. 6, Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended to read:                          
06 Section 6. District Boundaries. The Redistricting Board shall establish a                                         
07 nonpartisan statewide district map with the size and area of each house district                            
08 [DISTRICTS], subject to the limitations of this article. Each house district shall be                                   
09 formed of contiguous and compact territory containing as nearly as practicable a                                        
10 relatively integrated socio-economic area. Each shall contain a population within two                               
11 and one-half percent of [AS NEAR AS PRACTICABLE TO] the quotient obtained                                           
12 by dividing the population of the State [STATE] by forty. Each senate district shall be                             
13 composed as near as practicable of two contiguous house districts. Consideration may                                    
14 be given to local government boundaries. Drainage and other geographic features shall                                   
15       be used in describing boundaries wherever possible.                                                               
01    * Sec. 2. Article VI, sec. 8(a), Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended to read:                          
02 (a)  There shall be a redistricting board. All members of the board [IT                                             
03 SHALL CONSIST OF FIVE MEMBERS, ALL OF WHOM] shall be residents of the                                                   
04 State and registered voters who have voted in each of the previous four state                                       
05 general and primary elections, [FOR AT LEAST ONE YEAR] and none of whom                                             
06 may be public employees or officials at the time of or during the tenure of                                             
07 appointment. Except as provided under (f) of this section, the board shall consist                                  
08       of                                                                                                            
09 (1)  two members affiliated with the political party with the largest                                               
10 number of affiliated voters registered in the State, selected in a manner                                           
11       prescribed by that party's bylaws;                                                                            
12 (2)  two members affiliated with the political party with the second                                                
13 largest number of affiliated voters registered in the State, selected in a manner                                   
14       prescribed by that party's bylaws; and                                                                        
15 (3)  one member who is not registered as affiliated with a political                                                
16 party and who has not been registered as affiliated with a political party within                                   
17 the preceding ten years, selected as provided in (e) of this section                                                
18 [APPOINTMENTS SHALL BE MADE WITHOUT REGARD TO POLITICAL                                                                 
19       AFFILIATION. BOARD MEMBERS SHALL BE COMPENSATED].                                                                 
20    * Sec. 3. Article VI, sec. 8(b), Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended to read:                          
21 (b)  Members of the Redistricting Board shall be compensated and shall                                              
22 [APPOINTED IN THE YEAR IN WHICH AN OFFICIAL DECENNIAL CENSUS                                                            
23 OF THE UNITED STATES IS TAKEN AND BY SEPTEMBER 1 OF THAT YEAR.                                                          
24 THE GOVERNOR SHALL APPOINT TWO MEMBERS OF THE BOARD. THE                                                                
25 PRESIDING OFFICER OF THE SENATE, THE PRESIDING OFFICER OF THE                                                           
26 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, AND THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE                                                                  
27 SUPREME COURT SHALL EACH APPOINT ONE MEMBER OF THE BOARD.                                                               
28 THE APPOINTMENTS TO THE BOARD SHALL BE MADE IN THE ORDER                                                                
29 LISTED IN THIS SUBSECTION. AT LEAST ONE BOARD MEMBER SHALL BE                                                           
30 A RESIDENT OF EACH JUDICIAL DISTRICT THAT EXISTED ON JANUARY 1,                                                         
31 1999. BOARD MEMBERS] serve until a final plan for redistricting and proclamation                                        
01       of redistricting has been adopted and all challenges to it brought under Section 11 of                            
02       this article have been resolved after final remand or affirmation.                                                
03    * Sec. 4. Article VI, sec. 8, Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended by adding new                        
04 subsections to read:                                                                                                    
05            (d)  A member of the Redistricting Board may not                                                             
06                 (1)  have held a compensated or uncompensated position with a                                           
07       political party in the State;                                                                                     
08                 (2)  be a former elected state or municipal official; or                                                
09                 (3)  have contributed                                                                                   
10 (A)  more than two hundred dollars to a single candidate in a                                                           
11            state or local election in the previous four years;                                                          
12 (B)  money in the previous five years to a group that has made                                                          
13            expenditures to influence the outcome of a state or local election.                                          
14 (e)  The four members of the Redistricting Board selected under (a)(1) and (2)                                          
15 of this section shall, by majority vote, not later than October 1 of the year in which a                                
16       decennial census of the United States is taken, select the fifth member of the board.                             
17 (f)  If the four members of the Redistricting Board selected under (a)(1) and (2)                                       
18 of this section have not selected the fifth member by October 1 or if the four members                                  
19 of the board notify the Alaska supreme court before October 1 that they are unable to                                   
20 agree on a fifth member, then the supreme court shall select five individuals who the                                   
21 supreme court determines are nonpartisan and are not likely to side philosophically                                     
22 with either of the two largest political parties to join the four members selected under                                
23 (a)(1) and (2) of this section for a nine-member board. The supreme court shall hold a                                  
24 thirty-day application period and shall make the appointments on or before                                              
25       December 31.                                                                                                      
26 (g)  The contribution limit under (d)(3)(A) of this section may be adjusted for                                         
27       inflation by law.                                                                                                 
28    * Sec. 5. Article VI, sec. 9, Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended to read:                             
29 Section 9. Board Actions. Once the board is fully empaneled under Section                                         
30 8 of this article, it [THE BOARD] shall elect one of its members chair                                          
31 [CHAIRMAN] and may employ temporary assistants. Concurrence of a majority of                                        
01       the [THREE] members of the Redistricting Board is required for actions of the Board,                          
02       but a lesser number may conduct hearings. The board                                                               
03                 (1)  shall employ or contract for services of independent legal counsel;                        
04       and                                                                                                           
05                 (2)  may solicit or contract for technical expertise or district                                    
06       mapping resources the board considers necessary.                                                              
07    * Sec. 6. Article VI, sec. 10(b), Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended to read:                         
08            (b)  Adoption of a final redistricting plan shall require the affirmative votes of                           
09       a majority of the [THREE] members of the Redistricting Board.                                                 
10    * Sec. 7. The amendments proposed by this resolution shall be placed before the voters of                          
11 the state at the next general election in conformity with art. XIII, sec. 1, Constitution of the                        
12 State of Alaska, and the election laws of the state.