txt

HJR 26: Proposing amendments to the Constitution of the State of Alaska relating to the membership of the Redistricting Board and relating to district boundaries.

00                       HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 26                                                                     
01 Proposing amendments to the Constitution of the State of Alaska relating to the                                         
02 membership of the Redistricting Board and relating to district boundaries.                                              
03 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                               
04    * Section 1. Article VI, sec. 6, Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended to read:                          
05 Section 6. District Boundaries. The Redistricting Board shall establish the                                           
06 size and area of house districts, subject to the limitations of this article. Each house                                
07 district shall be formed of contiguous and compact territory containing as nearly as                                    
08 practicable a relatively integrated socio-economic area. Each shall contain a                                           
09 population within two and one-half percent of [AS NEAR AS PRACTICABLE TO]                                           
10 the quotient obtained by dividing the population of the State [STATE] by forty. Each                                
11 senate district shall be composed as near as practicable of two contiguous house                                        
12 districts. Consideration may be given to local government boundaries. Drainage and                                      
13       other geographic features shall be used in describing boundaries wherever possible.                               
14    * Sec. 2. Article VI, sec. 8(a), Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended to read:                          
15            (a)  There shall be a redistricting board. All members of the board [IT                                  
16       SHALL CONSIST OF FIVE MEMBERS, ALL OF WHOM] shall be residents of the                                             
01 State and registered voters who have voted in each of the previous four state                                       
02 general and primary elections, [FOR AT LEAST ONE YEAR] and none of whom                                             
03 may be public employees or officials at the time of or during the tenure of                                             
04 appointment. Except as provided under (f) of this section, the board shall consist                                  
05       of                                                                                                            
06 (1)  two members affiliated with the political party with the largest                                               
07 number of affiliated voters registered in the State, selected in a manner                                           
08       prescribed by that party's bylaws;                                                                            
09 (2)  two members affiliated with the political party with the second                                                
10 largest number of affiliated voters registered in the State, selected in a manner                                   
11       prescribed by that party's bylaws; and                                                                        
12 (3)  one member who is not registered as affiliated with a political                                                
13 party and who has not been registered as affiliated with a political party within                                   
14 the preceding ten years, selected as provided in (e) of this section                                                
15 [APPOINTMENTS SHALL BE MADE WITHOUT REGARD TO POLITICAL                                                                 
16       AFFILIATION. BOARD MEMBERS SHALL BE COMPENSATED].                                                                 
17    * Sec. 3. Article VI, sec. 8(b), Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended to read:                          
18 (b)  Members of the Redistricting Board shall be compensated and shall                                              
19 [APPOINTED IN THE YEAR IN WHICH AN OFFICIAL DECENNIAL CENSUS                                                            
20 OF THE UNITED STATES IS TAKEN AND BY SEPTEMBER 1 OF THAT YEAR.                                                          
21 THE GOVERNOR SHALL APPOINT TWO MEMBERS OF THE BOARD. THE                                                                
22 PRESIDING OFFICER OF THE SENATE, THE PRESIDING OFFICER OF THE                                                           
23 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, AND THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE                                                                  
24 SUPREME COURT SHALL EACH APPOINT ONE MEMBER OF THE BOARD.                                                               
25 THE APPOINTMENTS TO THE BOARD SHALL BE MADE IN THE ORDER                                                                
26 LISTED IN THIS SUBSECTION. AT LEAST ONE BOARD MEMBER SHALL BE                                                           
27 A RESIDENT OF EACH JUDICIAL DISTRICT THAT EXISTED ON JANUARY 1,                                                         
28 1999. BOARD MEMBERS] serve until a final plan for redistricting and proclamation                                        
29 of redistricting has been adopted and all challenges to it brought under Section 11 of                                  
30       this article have been resolved after final remand or affirmation.                                                
31    * Sec. 4. Article VI, sec. 8, Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended by adding new                        
01 subsections to read:                                                                                                    
02            (d)  A member of the Redistricting Board may not                                                             
03                 (1)  have held a compensated or uncompensated position with a                                           
04       political party in the State;                                                                                     
05                 (2)  be a former elected state or municipal official; or                                                
06                 (3)  have contributed                                                                                   
07                      (A)  more than two hundred dollars to a single candidate in a                                      
08            state or local election in the previous four years;                                                          
09                      (B)  money in the previous five years to a group that has made                                     
10            expenditures to influence the outcome of a state or local election.                                          
11 (e)  The four members of the Redistricting Board selected under (a)(1) and (2)                                          
12 of this section shall, by majority vote, not later than October 1 of the year in which a                                
13       decennial census of the United States is taken, select the fifth member of the board.                             
14 (f)  If the four members of the Redistricting Board selected under (a)(1) and (2)                                       
15 of this section have not selected the fifth member by October 1 or if the four members                                  
16 of the board notify the Alaska supreme court before October 1 that they are unable to                                   
17 agree on a fifth member, then the supreme court shall select five individuals who the                                   
18 supreme court determines are nonpartisan and are not likely to side philosophically                                     
19 with either of the two largest political parties to join the four members selected under                                
20 (a)(1) and (2) of this section for a nine-member board. The supreme court shall hold a                                  
21 thirty-day application period and shall make the appointments on or before                                              
22       December 31.                                                                                                      
23 (g)  The contribution limit under (d)(3)(A) of this section may be adjusted for                                         
24       inflation by law.                                                                                                 
25    * Sec. 5. Article VI, sec. 9, Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended to read:                             
26 Section 9. Board Actions. Once the board is fully empaneled under Section                                         
27 8 of this article, it [THE BOARD] shall elect one of its members chair                                          
28 [CHAIRMAN] and may employ temporary assistants. Concurrence of a majority of                                        
29 the [THREE] members of the Redistricting Board is required for actions of the Board,                                
30 but a lesser number may conduct hearings. The board shall employ or contract for                                        
31       services of independent legal counsel.                                                                            
01    * Sec. 6. Article VI, sec. 10(b), Constitution of the State of Alaska, is amended to read:                         
02            (b)  Adoption of a final redistricting plan shall require the affirmative votes of                           
03       a majority of the [THREE] members of the Redistricting Board.                                                 
04    * Sec. 7. The amendments proposed by this resolution shall be placed before the voters of                          
05 the state at the next general election in conformity with art. XIII, sec. 1, Constitution of the                        
06 State of Alaska, and the election laws of the state.