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CSHJR 5(AET): Urging the United States Congress to pass legislation to open the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas development; urging the United States Department of the Interior to recognize the private property rights of owners of land in and adjacent to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge; relating to oil and gas exploration, development, production, and royalties; and relating to renewable and alternative energy technologies.

00                 CS FOR HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 5(AET)                                                                
01 Urging the United States Congress to pass legislation to open the coastal plain of the                                  
02 Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas development; urging the United States                                    
03 Department of the Interior to recognize the private property rights of owners of land in                                
04 and adjacent to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge; relating to oil and gas exploration,                               
05 development, production, and royalties; and relating to renewable and alternative                                       
06 energy technologies.                                                                                                    
07 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                               
08 WHEREAS, in 16 U.S.C. 3143 (sec. 1003 of the Alaska National Interest Lands                                           
09 Conservation Act), the United States Congress reserved the right to permit oil and gas                                  
10 development and production within the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge;                             
11 and                                                                                                                     
12       WHEREAS, in 16 U.S.C. 3142 (sec. 1002 of the Alaska National Interest Lands                                     
13 Conservation Act), the United States Congress authorized nondrilling exploratory activity                               
14 within the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (the "1002 study area"); and                            
01 WHEREAS the oil industry, the state, and the United States Department of the                                          
02 Interior consider the coastal plain to have the highest potential for discovery of very large oil                       
03 and gas accumulations on the continent of North America, estimated to be as much as                                     
04 10,000,000,000 barrels of recoverable oil; and                                                                          
05 WHEREAS, in 1998, the United States Geological Survey estimated the central North                                     
06 Slope and 1002 study area combined could contain up to 46,000,000,000,000 cubic feet of                                 
07 natural gas; and                                                                                                        
08 WHEREAS the 1002 study area is part of the coastal plain located within the North                                     
09 Slope Borough, and many of the residents of the North Slope Borough, who are                                            
10 predominantly Inupiat, are supportive of development in the 1002 study area; and                                        
11 WHEREAS oil and gas exploration and development of the coastal plain of the refuge                                    
12 and adjacent land could result in major discoveries that would reduce our nation's dependency                           
13 on oil produced by hostile foreign nations, help balance the nation's trade deficit, and                                
14 significantly increase the nation's security; and                                                                       
15 WHEREAS the state's and the nation's future energy independence would be                                              
16 enhanced with additional natural gas production from the North Slope of Alaska, including                               
17 what are expected to be significant gas reserves in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and                            
18 the development of those reserves would enhance the economic viability of the proposed                                  
19 liquefied natural gas project; and                                                                                      
20 WHEREAS development of oil at Prudhoe Bay, Kuparuk, Endicott, Lisburne, and                                           
21 Milne Point has resulted in thousands of jobs throughout the United States, and projected job                           
22 creation as a result of coastal plain oil development will have a positive effect in all 50 states;                     
23 and                                                                                                                     
24 WHEREAS North Slope production has declined significantly in the last decade and                                      
25 is forecasted to continue to decline; and                                                                               
26 WHEREAS the Trans Alaska Pipeline System, a national asset that would cost                                            
27 billions of dollars to replace, would have its useful physical life extended for a substantial                          
28 period if the additional reserves of recoverable oil from the coastal plain were produced; and                          
29 WHEREAS the Trans Alaska Pipeline System is currently being extended to leases at                                     
30 Point Thomson, an area bordering the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and oil produced in                               
31 the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge would require only the additional construction of a                                 
01 pipeline to Point Thomson to deliver oil to market; and                                                                 
02 WHEREAS, while new oil field developments on the North Slope of Alaska may                                            
03 temporarily slow the decline in production, only allowing access to the state's coastal plain                           
04 fields would enable the production volume of Alaska oil to increase by up to 700,000 barrels a                          
05 day; and                                                                                                                
06       WHEREAS opening the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge now                                    
07 allows sufficient time for planning environmental safeguards, development, and national                                 
08 security review; and                                                                                                    
09       WHEREAS the 1,500,000-acre coastal plain of the refuge makes up less than eight                                 
10 percent of the 19,000,000-acre refuge, and development of the oil and gas reserves in the                               
11 refuge's coastal plain would affect a limited area as defined by the United States Congress;                            
12 and                                                                                                                     
13 WHEREAS 8,900,000 of the 19,000,000 acres of the refuge have already been set                                         
14 aside as wilderness; and                                                                                                
15 WHEREAS the oil industry has shown at Prudhoe Bay, as well as at other locations                                      
16 along the Arctic coastal plain, that it is capable of conducting oil and gas activity without                           
17 adversely affecting the environment or wildlife populations; and                                                        
18 WHEREAS the state will continue to strive to ensure the ongoing health and                                            
19 productivity of the Porcupine and Central Arctic caribou herds and the protection of land,                              
20 water, and wildlife resources during the exploration and development of the coastal plain of                            
21 the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge; and                                                                                
22 WHEREAS the oil and gas industry has developed directional drilling technology that                                   
23 will allow horizontal drilling in a responsible manner by minimizing the development                                    
24 footprint within the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and that directional drilling technology                          
25 may be capable of drilling from outside of the boundaries of the 1002 study area; and                                   
26 WHEREAS the oil industry is using innovative technology and environmental                                             
27 practices in new field developments, and those techniques are directly applicable to operating                          
28 on the coastal plain and would enhance environmental protection beyond traditionally high                               
29 standards; and                                                                                                          
30 WHEREAS, in December 2016, President Barack Obama, through executive action,                                          
31 closed 125,000,000 acres of the Arctic Ocean, a vast majority of the United States Arctic                               
01 offshore water, from future leasing consideration, thus preventing extraction of an estimated                           
02 27,000,000,000 barrels of oil; and                                                                                      
03       WHEREAS the Alaska Congressional delegation decried the executive action; and                                   
04       WHEREAS the executive action threatens future development and national energy                                   
05 security; and                                                                                                           
06       WHEREAS the state recognizes that the economic prosperity of the state is dependent                             
07 on available, reliable, and affordable energy; and                                                                      
08       WHEREAS the state promotes the development of renewable and alternative energy                                  
09 resources and created the Alaska Energy Authority to assist the state in advancing new energy                           
10 projects and technology; and                                                                                            
11 WHEREAS the Alaska State Legislature encourages the use of revenue from                                               
12 development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for the development of renewable and                                 
13 alternative energy resources in the state;                                                                              
14 BE IT RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature urges that oil and gas                                               
15 exploration, development, and production activity be conducted in a manner that protects the                            
16 environment and the naturally occurring population levels of the Porcupine caribou herd on                              
17 which the Inupiat, Gwich'in, and other local residents depend, that uses directional drilling                           
18 and other advances in technology to minimize the development footprint in the 1002 study                                
19 area, and that uses the state's work force to the maximum extent possible; and be it                                    
20 FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature urges the United States                                            
21 Congress to pass legislation opening the 1002 study area for oil and gas development while                              
22 continuing to work on measures for increasing the development and use of renewable and                                  
23 alternative energy technologies; and be it                                                                              
24 FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature urges the United States                                            
25 Department of the Interior to recognize and respect the rights of Native landowners in and                              
26 adjacent to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 study area, including the rights of the                            
27 Arctic Slope Regional Corporation and the Kaktovik Inupiat Corporation to develop their land                            
28 and resource entitlements received under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act and other                              
29 agreements; and be it                                                                                                 
30 FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature opposes any unilateral                                             
31 reduction in royalty revenue from exploration and development of the coastal plain of the                               
01 Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and any attempt to coerce the state into accepting less than                            
02 the 90 percent of the oil, gas, and mineral royalties from the federal land in the state that was                       
03 promised to the state at statehood.                                                                                     
04 COPIES of this resolution shall be sent to the Honorable Donald J. Trump, President                                   
05 of the United States; the Honorable Mike Pence, Vice President of the United States and                                 
06 President of the U.S. Senate; the United States Secretary of the Interior; the Honorable Paul                           
07 D. Ryan, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives; the Honorable Nancy Pelosi,                                      
08 Minority Leader of the U.S. House of Representatives; the Honorable Mitch McConnell,                                    
09 Majority Leader of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable Charles E. Schumer, Minority Leader of                                
10 the U.S. Senate; the Honorable Lisa Murkowski, Chair of the U.S. Senate Committee on                                    
11 Energy and Natural Resources; the Honorable Dan Sullivan, U.S. Senator, and the Honorable                               
12 Don Young, U.S. Representative, members of the Alaska delegation in Congress; and all                                   
13 other members of the 115th United States Congress.