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HB 237: "An Act relating to escapement thresholds and escapement goals for certain salmon stocks."

00                             HOUSE BILL NO. 237                                                                          
01 "An Act relating to escapement thresholds and escapement goals for certain salmon                                       
02 stocks."                                                                                                                
03 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                                
04    * Section 1. AS 16.05 is amended by adding a new section to read:                                                  
05 Sec. 16.05.252. Salmon escapement goals. (a) The Board of Fisheries shall                                             
06 adopt in regulation a specific management objective for a salmon stock that the                                         
07 department has identified as a stock of concern. The department, in consultation with                                   
08 the board, shall set the management objective for that stock. The management                                            
09       objective must include                                                                                            
10                 (1)  a sustained escapement threshold; and                                                              
11                 (2)  an escapement goal, designated as the "optimal escapement goal,"                                   
12       that takes into consideration biological and allocative factors, and sets an escapement                           
13       threshold above the sustained escapement threshold.                                                               
14            (b)  The department, in collaboration with the Board of Fisheries, shall set                                 
01 escapement goals for salmon stocks. If, for two consecutive years, a salmon stock falls                                 
02 below the escapement threshold of the escapement goal, neither the department nor the                                   
03 Board of Fisheries may adopt in regulation an escapement goal for that stock with a                                     
04       lower escapement threshold.                                                                                       
05            (c)  In this section,                                                                                        
06 (1)  "escapement goal" means a specific management objective,                                                           
07 expressed as a range, for an annual number, or weight, of a spawning salmon stock                                       
08 arriving at a natal stream, river, or geographic area in which the salmon stock is                                      
09       managed as a unit;                                                                                                
10 (2)  "escapement threshold" means the lowest bound of an escapement                                                     
11       goal, expressed as an annual number, or weight, of a spawning salmon stock;                                       
12                 (3)  "salmon stock" means                                                                               
13 (A)  a locally interbreeding group of salmon distinguished by a                                                         
14 distinct combination of genetic, phenotypic, life history, and habitat                                                  
15            characteristics; or                                                                                          
16 (B)  an aggregation of two or more interbreeding groups that                                                            
17            occurs within the same geographic area and is managed as a unit;                                             
18 (4)  "stock of concern" means a salmon stock that, notwithstanding the                                                  
19 use of management measures, has not met the annual escapement goals for that stock                                      
20       for four consecutive years;                                                                                       
21 (5)  "sustained escapement threshold" means the lowest annual number,                                                   
22 or weight, of a spawning salmon stock, arriving at a natal stream, river, or geographic                                 
23 area in which the salmon stock is managed as a unit, below which the department has                                     
24       determined the salmon stock's ability to sustain itself is jeopardized.