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CSHB 1(STA): "An Act relating to absentee voting, voting, early voting, special needs voting, and voter registration; relating to poll watchers; relating to absentee ballots, questioned ballots, and questioned ballot procedures; relating to which primary election ballot a voter may use; relating to early voting locations at which persons may vote absentee ballots; relating to qualifications to vote at a municipal election; and providing for an effective date."

00                        CS FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 1(STA)                                                                     
01 "An Act relating to absentee voting, voting, early voting, special needs voting, and voter                              
02 registration; relating to poll watchers; relating to absentee ballots, questioned ballots,                              
03 and questioned ballot procedures; relating to which primary election ballot a voter may                                 
04 use; relating to early voting locations at which persons may vote absentee ballots;                                     
05 relating to qualifications to vote at a municipal election; and providing for an effective                              
06 date."                                                                                                                  
07 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                                
08    * Section 1. AS 15.05.010 is amended to read:                                                                      
09            Sec. 15.05.010. Voter qualification. A person may vote at any election who                                 
10                 (1)  is a citizen of the United States;                                                                 
11                 (2)  is 18 years of age or older;                                                                       
12                 (3)  has been a resident of the state and of the house district in which                                
13       the person seeks to vote for at least 30 days just before the election; and                                       
01                 (4)  has registered [BEFORE THE ELECTION] as required under                                             
02       AS 15.07 and is not registered to vote in another jurisdiction.                                                   
03    * Sec. 2. AS 15.07.060(a) is amended to read:                                                                      
04            (a)  Each applicant who requests registration or reregistration shall supply the                             
05       following information:                                                                                            
06                 (1)  the applicant's name and sex;                                                                      
07                 (2)  if issued, the applicant's State of Alaska driver's license number or                              
08       State of Alaska identification card number, or the last four digits of the applicant's                            
09       social security number;                                                                                           
10                 (3)  the applicant's date of birth;                                                                     
11                 (4)  the applicant's Alaska residence address;                                                          
12 (5)  a statement of whether the applicant has previously been registered                                                
13 to vote in another jurisdiction, and, if so, the jurisdiction and the address of the                                    
14       previous registration;                                                                                            
15 (6)  a declaration that the applicant will be 18 years of age or older                                                  
16       within 90 days after the date of registration;                                                                    
17                 (7)  a declaration that the applicant is a citizen of the United States;                                
18                 (8)  the date of application;                                                                           
19 (9)  the applicant's signature, electronic signature under (g) of this                                              
20       section, or mark;                                                                                             
21 (10)  any former name under which the applicant was registered to vote                                                  
22       in the state;                                                                                                     
23 (11)  an attestation that the information provided by the applicant in (1)                                              
24       - (10) of this subsection is true; and                                                                            
25 (12)  a certification that the applicant understands that a false statement                                             
26 on the application may make the applicant subject to prosecution for a misdemeanor                                      
27       under this title or AS 11.                                                                                        
28    * Sec. 3. AS 15.07.060 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:                                              
29 (g)  In accordance with AS 09.80.150(b), the director of the division shall                                             
30 determine the form of an electronic signature that may be used to register or reregister                                
31       under (a) of this section and the process used to obtain the electronic signature.                                
01    * Sec. 4. AS 15.07.070(d) is amended to read:                                                                      
02 (d)  Qualified voters may register in person before a registration official or                                          
03 through a voter registration agency at any time throughout the year. A qualified voter                              
04 who registers [, EXCEPT THAT A PERSON REGISTERING] within 30 days                                                   
05 preceding an election or on the day of an election shall vote an absentee or                                        
06 questioned ballot [IS NOT ELIGIBLE TO VOTE] at that election. Upon receipt and                                      
07 approval of the registration forms, the director or the election supervisor shall forward                               
08 to the voter an acknowledgment in the form of a registration card, and the voter's name                                 
09 shall immediately be placed on the master register. Names of persons registering 30 or                                  
10 more days before an election shall be placed on the official registration list for that                                 
11       election.                                                                                                         
12    * Sec. 5. AS 15.07.070(h) is amended to read:                                                                      
13 (h)  The director shall design the form of the voter's certificate appearing on                                         
14 the envelope that is used for voting an absentee in-person, special needs, or                                       
15 questioned ballot so that a voter's choice to register as nonpartisan, as undeclared,                               
16 or as affiliated with a political party or political group and all information required                             
17 for registration by AS 15.07.060(a) may be obtained from a voter who votes an                                           
18 absentee in-person, special needs, or questioned ballot. If the voter voting an absentee                            
19 in-person, special needs, or questioned ballot has completed all information on the                                 
20 voter registration portion of the absentee in-person, special needs, or questioned ballot                           
21 voter's certificate, the director shall place the name of the voter on the official                                     
22       registration list.                                                                                                
23    * Sec. 6. AS 15.07.070 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:                                              
24 (i) In this section, "absentee or questioned ballot" includes a special needs                                           
25       ballot voted under AS 15.20.072.                                                                                  
26    * Sec. 7. AS 15.07.090(b) is amended to read:                                                                      
27 (b)  A voter shall reregister if the voter's registration is cancelled as provided in                                   
28 AS 15.07.130. A person who has reregistered under this subsection shall vote an                                     
29 absentee or questioned ballot until [THE REREGISTRATION IS EFFECTIVE                                                
30       FOR] the next election that occurs at least 30 days after the date of reregistration.                             
31    * Sec. 8. AS 15.07.090(c) is amended to read:                                                                      
01 (c)  The director shall transfer the registration of a voter from one precinct to                                       
02 another within a house district when requested by the voter. If a [THE] request is not                          
03 [SHALL BE] made 30 or more days before the election day, a person who has                                           
04 moved to a new precinct shall vote an absentee or questioned ballot. The director                                   
05 shall transfer the registration of a voter from one house district to another when                                      
06 requested by the voter. The voter must reside in the new house district for at least 30                                 
07       days in order to vote a ballot for that district.                                                             
08    * Sec. 9. AS 15.07.090(d) is amended to read:                                                                      
09 (d)  A person who claims to be a registered voter, but for whom no evidence of                                          
10 registration in the precinct can be found, shall vote an absentee or questioned ballot                              
11 [BE GRANTED THE RIGHT TO VOTE IN THE SAME MANNER AS THAT OF A                                                           
12 QUESTIONED VOTER AND THE BALLOT SHALL BE TREATED IN THE                                                                 
13 SAME MANNER. THE BALLOT SHALL BE CONSIDERED TO BE A                                                                     
14 "QUESTIONED BALLOT" AND SHALL BE SO DESIGNATED. THE DIRECTOR                                                            
15 OR THE DIRECTOR'S REPRESENTATIVE SHALL DETERMINE WHETHER                                                                
16 THE VOTER IS REGISTERED IN THE HOUSE DISTRICT BEFORE COUNTING                                                           
17 THE BALLOT. A VOTER WHO HAS FAILED TO OBTAIN A TRANSFER AS                                                              
18 PROVIDED IN (c) OF THIS SECTION SHALL VOTE A "QUESTIONED                                                                
19       BALLOT" IN THE PRECINCT IN WHICH THE VOTER RESIDES].                                                              
20    * Sec. 10. AS 15.07.090 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:                                             
21 (e)  In this section, "absentee or questioned ballot" includes a special needs                                          
22       ballot voted under AS 15.20.072.                                                                                  
23    * Sec. 11. AS 15.07.130(e) is amended to read:                                                                     
24            (e)  For purposes of (b) and (d) of this section, a voter "appears to vote" if                               
25 (1)  the voter is present at a polling place or at an early [ABSENTEE]                                              
26 voting station designated under AS 15.20.045(b) at a time when the polling place or                                 
27       early [ABSENTEE] voting station is operating, for the purpose of casting a vote;                              
28                 (2)  the voter applies to the division to obtain an absentee ballot; or                                 
29 (3)  in an election conducted by mail under AS 15.20.800, a voter who                                                   
30       has not received a ballot by mail makes a timely request to the division for a ballot.                            
31    * Sec. 12. AS 15.10.170 is amended to read:                                                                        
01 Sec. 15.10.170. Appointment and privileges of watchers. (a) In a general                                          
02 election, special election, or special runoff election under AS 15.40.141, a [THE]                                  
03 precinct party committee, where an organized precinct committee exists, or the party                                    
04 district committee where no organized precinct committee exists, or the state party                                     
05 chair [CHAIRPERSON] where neither a precinct nor a party district committee                                         
06 exists, may appoint one or more [PERSONS AS] watchers in each precinct and                                              
07 counting center. A [FOR ANY ELECTION. EACH] candidate not representing a                                            
08 political party may appoint one or more watchers for each precinct or counting center                                   
09 in the candidate's respective district or the state [FOR ANY ELECTION]. Any                                             
10 organization or organized group that sponsors or opposes a ballot proposition [AN                                   
11 INITIATIVE, REFERENDUM,] or recall may have one or more [PERSONS AS]                                                    
12 watchers at the polls and counting centers after first obtaining authorization from the                                 
13 director. A state party chair [CHAIRPERSON], a precinct party committee, a party                                    
14 district committee, or a candidate not representing a political party or organization or                                
15 organized group may not have more than one watcher on duty at a time in any precinct                                    
16 or counting center. [A WATCHER MUST BE A UNITED STATES CITIZEN. THE                                                     
17 WATCHER MAY BE PRESENT AT A POSITION INSIDE THE PLACE OF                                                                
18 VOTING OR COUNTING THAT AFFORDS A FULL VIEW OF ALL ACTION OF                                                            
19 THE ELECTION OFFICIALS TAKEN FROM THE TIME THE POLLS ARE                                                                
20 OPENED UNTIL THE BALLOTS ARE FINALLY COUNTED AND THE                                                                    
21 RESULTS CERTIFIED BY THE ELECTION BOARD OR THE DATA                                                                     
22 PROCESSING REVIEW BOARD. THE ELECTION BOARD OR THE DATA                                                                 
23 PROCESSING REVIEW BOARD MAY REQUIRE EACH WATCHER TO                                                                     
24 PRESENT WRITTEN PROOF SHOWING APPOINTMENT BY THE PRECINCT                                                               
25 PARTY COMMITTEE, THE PARTY DISTRICT COMMITTEE, THE                                                                      
26 ORGANIZATION OR ORGANIZED GROUP, OR THE CANDIDATE THE                                                                   
27 WATCHER REPRESENTS THAT IS SIGNED BY THE CHAIRPERSON OF THE                                                             
28 PRECINCT PARTY COMMITTEE, THE PARTY DISTRICT COMMITTEE, THE                                                             
29 STATE PARTY CHAIRPERSON, THE ORGANIZATION OR ORGANIZED                                                                  
30       GROUP, OR THE CANDIDATE REPRESENTING NO PARTY.]                                                                   
31 (b)  In [ADDITION TO THE WATCHERS APPOINTED UNDER (a) OF                                                                
01 THIS SECTION, IN] a primary election, [SPECIAL ELECTION UNDER                                                           
02 AS 15.40.140, OR SPECIAL RUNOFF ELECTION UNDER AS 15.40.141,] each                                                      
03 candidate may appoint one or more persons as watchers for [WATCHER IN] each                                         
04 precinct and counting center in the candidate's respective district. Any                                            
05 organization or organized group that sponsors or opposes a ballot proposition or                                    
06 recall may have one or more watchers at the polls and counting centers after first                                  
07       obtaining authorization from the director.                                                                    
08    * Sec. 13. AS 15.10.170 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:                                             
09 (c)  A watcher appointed under this section may be present at a position inside                                         
10 the place of voting or counting that affords a full view of all action of the election                                  
11 officials taken from the time the polls are opened until the ballots are finally counted                                
12 and the results certified by the election board or the data processing review board. The                                
13 election board or the data processing review board may require each watcher to                                          
14 present written proof showing appointment by the respective precinct party committee,                                   
15 party district committee, organization or organized group, or candidate the watcher                                     
16 represents that is signed by the respective chair of the precinct party committee, party                                
17 district committee, state party chair, organization or organized group, or candidate. A                                 
18       watcher must be a United States citizen.                                                                        
19    * Sec. 14. AS 15.15.210 is amended to read:                                                                        
20 Sec. 15.15.210. Questioning of voters of suspect qualification; questioned                                          
21 ballot procedures. Every election official shall question, and every watcher and any                                
22 other person qualified to vote in the precinct may question, a person attempting to vote                                
23 if the questioner has good reason to suspect that the questioned person is not qualified                                
24 under AS 15.05. All questions regarding a person's qualifications to vote shall be                                      
25 made in writing setting out the reason the person has been questioned. A questioned                                     
26 person shall complete the declaration required under (b) of this section [,                                         
27 BEFORE VOTING, SUBSCRIBE TO A DECLARATION IN A FORM PROVIDED                                                            
28 BY THE DIRECTOR ATTESTING TO THE FACT THAT IN EACH                                                                      
29 PARTICULAR THE PERSON MEETS ALL THE QUALIFICATIONS OF A                                                                 
30 VOTER, IS NOT DISQUALIFIED, AND HAS NOT VOTED AT THE SAME                                                               
31 ELECTION, AND CERTIFYING THAT THE PERSON UNDERSTANDS THAT A                                                             
01 FALSE STATEMENT ON THE DECLARATION MAY SUBJECT THE PERSON                                                               
02 TO PROSECUTION FOR A MISDEMEANOR UNDER THIS TITLE OR AS 11.                                                             
03 AFTER THE QUESTIONED PERSON HAS EXECUTED THE DECLARATION,                                                               
04 THE PERSON MAY VOTE]. If the questioned person refuses to execute the                                                   
05       declaration, the person may not vote.                                                                             
06    * Sec. 15. AS 15.15.210 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:                                             
07 (b)  Each person voting a questioned ballot shall complete a declaration in a                                           
08 form provided by the director attesting to the fact that the person is a qualified voter, is                            
09 not disqualified, and has not voted at the same election and certifying that the person                                 
10 understands that a false statement on the declaration may subject the person to                                         
11 prosecution for a misdemeanor under this title or AS 11. For state and local elections,                                 
12 the voter must attest that the voter has been a 30-day resident of the election district in                             
13 which the voter is seeking to vote or that the voter is otherwise qualified to vote under                               
14       AS 15.20.211.                                                                                                     
15    * Sec. 16. AS 15.15.215(a) is amended to read:                                                                     
16 (a)  A voter who casts a questioned ballot shall vote the ballot in the same                                            
17 manner as prescribed for other voters. The voter shall insert the ballot into a secrecy                                 
18 sleeve and put the secrecy sleeve into an envelope on which the declaration required                                
19 by AS 15.15.210 [STATEMENT THE VOTER PREVIOUSLY SIGNED] is located.                                                 
20 The envelope shall be sealed and deposited in the ballot box. When the ballot box is                                    
21 opened, the envelopes shall be segregated, counted, compared to the voting list, and                                    
22 delivered to the official or body supervising the election. The merits of the question                                  
23 shall be determined by this official or body in accordance with the procedure                                           
24       prescribed for questioned votes in AS 15.20.207.                                                                  
25    * Sec. 17. AS 15.20.030 is amended to read:                                                                        
26 Sec. 15.20.030. Preparation of ballots, envelopes, and other material. The                                            
27 director shall provide ballots for use as absentee ballots in all districts. The director                               
28 shall provide a secrecy sleeve in which the voter shall initially place the marked ballot,                              
29 and shall provide an envelope with the prescribed voter's certificate on it, in which the                               
30 secrecy sleeve with ballot enclosed shall be placed. The director shall prescribe the                                   
31 form of and prepare the voter's certificate, envelopes, and other material used in                                      
01 absentee voting. The voter's certificate shall include a declaration, for use when                                      
02 required, that the voter is a qualified voter in all respects, a blank for the voter's                                  
03 signature, a certification that the affiant properly executed the marking of the ballot                                 
04 and gave the voter's identity, blanks for the attesting official or witness, and a place for                            
05 recording the date the envelope was sealed and witnessed. For state and local                                       
06 elections, the voter's certificate declaration must include an attestation that the                                 
07 voter has been a 30-day resident of the election district in which the voter is                                     
08 seeking to vote or is otherwise qualified to vote under AS 15.20.211. The envelope                                  
09 with the voter's certificate must include a notice that false statements made by the                                    
10       voter or by the attesting official or witness on the certificate are punishable by law.                           
11    * Sec. 18. AS 15.20.045 is amended to read:                                                                        
12 Sec. 15.20.045. Designation of absentee voting officials and early voting                                           
13 stations for voting absentee ballots. (a) The director or election supervisor may                                   
14 designate persons to act as absentee voting officials under AS 15.20.010 - 15.20.220 in                                 
15 areas where election supervisors do not have offices. Magistrates may, with the                                         
16 approval of the administrative director of the Alaska Court System, be designated                                       
17 under this section. At least 15 days before the election the director shall supply each                                 
18       absentee voting official with appropriate ballots.                                                                
19 (b)  The director may designate by regulation adopted under AS 44.62                                                    
20 (Administrative Procedure Act) locations at which early [ABSENTEE] voting stations                                  
21 will be operated for persons who vote absentee ballots on or after the 15th day                                     
22 before an election up to and including the date of the election. The director shall                                     
23 supply these [ABSENTEE] voting stations with absentee ballots for all house districts                           
24 in the state and shall designate absentee voting officials to serve at the [ABSENTEE]                               
25 voting stations. A designation as an early voting station under this subsection                                     
26       remains in effect unless                                                                                      
27 (1)  the location is no longer available for use as an early voting                                                 
28       station; or                                                                                                   
29 (2)  the director determines that the location is no longer                                                         
30 appropriate for use as an early voting station and makes that determination                                         
31       available to the public in writing.                                                                           
01 (c)  In a municipality in which the division will not be operating an early                                         
02 [ABSENTEE] voting station under this section, the director may designate the                                        
03 municipal clerk as an absentee voting official for the limited purpose of distributing                                  
04 absentee ballots to qualified voters under AS 15.20.061(a)(1) and qualified voters'                                     
05 representatives under AS 15.20.072. At least 15 days before the election, the director                                  
06       shall supply municipal clerks designated under this subsection with absentee ballots.                             
07    * Sec. 19. AS 15.20.050 is amended to read:                                                                        
08 Sec. 15.20.050. Requirement of full public notice. The director shall give full                                       
09 public notice of the dates and manner of voting absentee and may select any means of                                    
10 communication permitted to be used in giving notice of the date and time of the                                         
11 general election. The director shall give notice under this section of the location of                                  
12 early [ABSENTEE] voting stations designated under AS 15.20.045(b) at least 45                                   
13       days before each election.                                                                                      
14    * Sec. 20. AS 15.20.061(a) is amended to read:                                                                     
15 (a)  A qualified voter may apply in person for an absentee ballot to the                                                
16       following election officials at the times specified:                                                              
17 (1)  to an absentee voting official on or after the 15th day before an                                                  
18       election up to and including the date of the election;                                                            
19 (2)  to an election supervisor on or after the 15th day before an election                                              
20       up to and including the date of the election;                                                                     
21 (3)  to an absentee voting official at an early [ABSENTEE] voting                                                   
22 station designated under AS 15.20.045(b) on or after the 15th day before an election                                    
23       up to and including the date of the election;                                                                     
24 (4)  to an absentee voting official in the precinct in which no volunteers                                              
25 can be located to serve on the election board on or after the 15th day before an election                               
26       up to and including election day.                                                                                 
27    * Sec. 21. AS 15.20.064 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:                                             
28 (e)  If a voter's eligibility to vote cannot be verified by the election supervisor                                     
29 or other election official under (b) of this section, the voter shall vote an absentee                                  
30       ballot in the manner provided in AS 15.20.061.                                                                    
31    * Sec. 22. AS 15.20.072(b) is amended to read:                                                                     
01            (b)  The voter may, through a representative, request a special needs ballot                                 
02       from the following election officials at the times specified:                                                     
03                 (1)  from an absentee voting official on or after the 15th day before an                                
04       election, up to and including election day;                                                                       
05                 (2)  from an election supervisor on or after the 15th day before an                                     
06       election up to and including election day;                                                                        
07                 (3)  from an absentee voting official at an early [ABSENTEE] voting                                 
08       station designated under AS 15.20.045(b) on or after the 15th day before an election                              
09       up to and including the date of the election; or                                                                  
10                 (4)  from a member of the precinct election board on election day.                                      
11    * Sec. 23. AS 15.20.081(b) is amended to read:                                                                     
12 (b)  An application requesting delivery of an absentee ballot to the applicant by                                       
13 mail must be received by the division of elections not less than 10 days before the                                     
14 election for which the absentee ballot is sought. An application for an absentee ballot                                 
15 for a state election from a qualified voter requesting delivery of an absentee ballot to                                
16 the applicant by electronic transmission must be received by the division of elections                                  
17 not later than 5:00 p.m. Alaska time on the day before the election for which the                                       
18 absentee ballot is sought. An absentee ballot application submitted by mail under this                                  
19 section must permit the person to register to vote under AS 15.07.070, to declare an                                
20 affiliation under AS 15.07.075, if any, and to request an absentee ballot for each state                            
21 election held within that calendar year for which the voter is eligible to vote. An                                     
22 absentee ballot application submitted by electronic transmission under this section                                     
23 shall [MAY NOT] include a provision that permits a person to register to vote under                                 
24       AS 15.07.070.                                                                                                     
25    * Sec. 24. AS 15.20.081 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:                                             
26 (m)  An absentee ballot application must include an option for a qualified voter                                        
27 to choose to receive absentee ballots by mail for future regularly scheduled state                                      
28 elections. The division may not require a voter who chooses this option to reapply for                                  
29       an absentee ballot by mail unless                                                                                 
30 (1)  the voter has not voted an absentee ballot for a period of four years;                                             
31       or                                                                                                                
01 (2)  mail addressed to the voter from the division has been returned to                                                 
02       the division as undeliverable.                                                                                    
03    * Sec. 25. AS 15.25.060(b) is amended to read:                                                                     
04 (b)  A voter may vote only one primary election ballot. A voter may vote a                                              
05 political party ballot only if the voter is registered as affiliated with that party, is                                
06 allowed to participate in the party primary under the party's bylaws, or is registered as                               
07 nonpartisan or undeclared rather than as affiliated with a particular political party and                               
08 the party's bylaws do not restrict participation by nonpartisan or undeclared voters in                                 
09 the party's primary. For the purpose of determining which primary election ballot a                                     
10 voter may use, a voter's party affiliation is considered to be the affiliation registered                               
11 with the director as of the 30th day before the primary election. If a voter changes                                    
12 party affiliation within the 30 days before the primary election, the voter [VOTER'S                                
13 PREVIOUS PARTY AFFILIATION] shall vote an absentee in-person, special                                               
14 needs, or questioned ballot at the primary election with the voter's new party                                      
15 affiliation indicated on the voter's certificate that appears on the envelope used                                  
16 for voting the ballot under AS 15.07.070(h). Nothing under this subsection                                          
17 restricts the right of a political party to limit who may participate in its primary                                
18       election [BE USED FOR THE DETERMINATION UNDER THIS SUBSECTION].                                               
19    * Sec. 26. AS 15.80.010 is amended by adding a new paragraph to read:                                              
20                 (46)  "electronic signature" has the meaning given in AS 09.80.190.                                     
21    * Sec. 27. AS 29.20.380(c) is amended to read:                                                                     
22 (c)  The municipal clerk may act as an absentee voting official under                                                   
23 AS 15.20.045(c) for the limited purpose of distributing absentee ballots to qualified                                   
24 voters or qualified voters' representatives under AS 15.20.072 in a municipality in                                     
25 which the division of elections will not be operating an early [ABSENTEE] voting                                    
26       station under AS 15.20.045(b).                                                                                
27    * Sec. 28. AS 29.26.050 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:                                             
28 (d)  Except as a municipality may require for elections held only in specific                                           
29 local election districts or service areas under (b) of this section, a person who has lived                             
30 within the municipality for at least 30 days, but who has not registered to vote in state                               
31 elections at a residence address within the municipality at least 30 days before a                                      
01       municipal election, shall vote an absentee, special needs, or questioned ballot in that                           
02       election.                                                                                                         
03    * Sec. 29. AS 29.26.050(a)(3) is repealed.                                                                         
04    * Sec. 30. The uncodified law of the State of Alaska is amended by adding a new section to                         
05 read:                                                                                                                   
06 TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS: REGULATIONS. The director of elections may                                                     
07 adopt or amend regulations as necessary to implement the changes made by this Act. The                                  
08 regulations take effect under AS 44.62 (Administrative Procedure Act), but not before the                               
09 effective date of the law implemented by the regulations.                                                               
10    * Sec. 31. This Act takes effect January 1, 2018.