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HB 1: "An Act relating to absentee voting, voting, and voter registration; relating to early voting locations at which persons may vote absentee ballots; and providing for an effective date."

00                              HOUSE BILL NO. 1                                                                           
01 "An Act relating to absentee voting, voting, and voter registration; relating to early                                  
02 voting locations at which persons may vote absentee ballots; and providing for an                                       
03 effective date."                                                                                                        
04 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                                
05    * Section 1. AS 15.05.010 is amended to read:                                                                      
06            Sec. 15.05.010. Voter qualification. A person may vote at any election who                                 
07                 (1)  is a citizen of the United States;                                                                 
08                 (2)  is 18 years of age or older;                                                                       
09                 (3)  has been a resident of the state and of the house district in which                                
10       the person seeks to vote for at least 30 days just before the election; and                                       
11                 (4)  has registered [BEFORE THE ELECTION] as required under                                             
12       AS 15.07 and is not registered to vote in another jurisdiction.                                                   
13    * Sec. 2. AS 15.07.060(a) is amended to read:                                                                      
14            (a)  Each applicant who requests registration or reregistration shall supply the                             
01       following information:                                                                                            
02                 (1)  the applicant's name and sex;                                                                      
03                 (2)  if issued, the applicant's State of Alaska driver's license number or                              
04       State of Alaska identification card number, or the last four digits of the applicant's                            
05       social security number;                                                                                           
06                 (3)  the applicant's date of birth;                                                                     
07                 (4)  the applicant's Alaska residence address;                                                          
08                 (5)  a statement of whether the applicant has previously been registered                                
09       to vote in another jurisdiction, and, if so, the jurisdiction and the address of the                              
10       previous registration;                                                                                            
11 (6)  a declaration that the applicant will be 18 years of age or older                                                  
12       within 90 days after the date of registration;                                                                    
13                 (7)  a declaration that the applicant is a citizen of the United States;                                
14                 (8)  the date of application;                                                                           
15                 (9)  the applicant's signature, electronic signature, or mark;                                      
16 (10)  any former name under which the applicant was registered to vote                                                  
17       in the state;                                                                                                     
18 (11)  an attestation that the information provided by the applicant in (1)                                              
19       - (10) of this subsection is true; and                                                                            
20 (12)  a certification that the applicant understands that a false statement                                             
21 on the application may make the applicant subject to prosecution for a misdemeanor                                      
22       under this title or AS 11.                                                                                        
23    * Sec. 3. AS 15.07.070(d) is amended to read:                                                                      
24 (d)  Qualified voters may register in person before a registration official or                                          
25 through a voter registration agency at any time throughout the year. A qualified voter                              
26 who registers [, EXCEPT THAT A PERSON REGISTERING] within 30 days                                                   
27 preceding an election or on the day of an election shall vote a questioned ballot [IS                               
28 NOT ELIGIBLE TO VOTE] at that election. Upon receipt and approval of the                                                
29 registration forms, the director or the election supervisor shall forward to the voter an                               
30 acknowledgment in the form of a registration card, and the voter's name shall                                           
31 immediately be placed on the master register. Names of persons registering 30 or more                                   
01       days before an election shall be placed on the official registration list for that election.                      
02    * Sec. 4. AS 15.07.130(e) is amended to read:                                                                      
03            (e)  For purposes of (b) and (d) of this section, a voter "appears to vote" if                               
04                 (1)  the voter is present at a polling place or at an early [ABSENTEE]                              
05       voting station designated under AS 15.20.045(b) at a time when the polling place or                           
06       early [ABSENTEE] voting station is operating, for the purpose of casting a vote;                              
07                 (2)  the voter applies to the division to obtain an absentee ballot; or                                 
08                 (3)  in an election conducted by mail under AS 15.20.800, a voter who                                   
09       has not received a ballot by mail makes a timely request to the division for a ballot.                            
10    * Sec. 5. AS 15.20.045 is amended to read:                                                                         
11 Sec. 15.20.045.  Designation of absentee voting officials and early voting                                          
12 stations for voting absentee ballots. (a) The director or election supervisor may                                   
13 designate persons to act as absentee voting officials under AS 15.20.010 - 15.20.220 in                                 
14 areas where election supervisors do not have offices.  Magistrates may, with the                                        
15 approval of the administrative director of the Alaska Court System, be designated                                       
16 under this section. At least 15 days before the election the director shall supply each                                 
17       absentee voting official with appropriate ballots.                                                                
18 (b)  The director may designate by regulation adopted under AS 44.62                                                    
19 (Administrative Procedure Act) locations at which early [ABSENTEE] voting stations                                  
20 will be operated for persons who vote absentee ballots on or after the 15th day                                     
21 before an election up to and including the date of the election. The director shall                                     
22 supply these [ABSENTEE] voting stations with absentee ballots for all house districts                           
23 in the state and shall designate absentee voting officials to serve at the [ABSENTEE]                               
24 voting stations. A designation as an early voting station under this subsection                                     
25       remains in effect unless                                                                                      
26 (1)  the location is no longer available for use as an early voting                                                 
27       station; or                                                                                                   
28 (2)  the director determines that the location is no longer                                                         
29 appropriate for use as an early voting station and makes that determination                                         
30       available to the public in writing.                                                                           
31 (c)  In a municipality in which the division will not be operating an early                                         
01 [ABSENTEE] voting station under this section, the director may designate the                                        
02 municipal clerk as an absentee voting official for the limited purpose of distributing                                  
03 absentee ballots to qualified voters under AS 15.20.061(a)(1) and qualified voters'                                     
04 representatives under AS 15.20.072. At least 15 days before the election, the director                                  
05       shall supply municipal clerks designated under this subsection with absentee ballots.                             
06    * Sec. 6. AS 15.20.050 is amended to read:                                                                         
07 Sec. 15.20.050.  Requirement of full public notice. The director shall give                                           
08 full public notice of the dates and manner of voting absentee and may select any                                        
09 means of communication permitted to be used in giving notice of the date and time of                                    
10 the general election. The director shall give notice under this section of the location of                              
11 early [ABSENTEE] voting stations designated under AS 15.20.045(b) at least 45                                   
12       days before each election.                                                                                      
13    * Sec. 7. AS 15.20.061(a) is amended to read:                                                                      
14 (a)  A qualified voter may apply in person for an absentee ballot to the                                                
15       following election officials at the times specified:                                                              
16 (1)  to an absentee voting official on or after the 15th day before an                                                  
17       election up to and including the date of the election;                                                            
18 (2)  to an election supervisor on or after the 15th day before an election                                              
19       up to and including the date of the election;                                                                     
20 (3)  to an absentee voting official at an early [ABSENTEE] voting                                                   
21 station designated under AS 15.20.045(b) on or after the 15th day before an election                                    
22       up to and including the date of the election;                                                                     
23 (4)  to an absentee voting official in the precinct in which no volunteers                                              
24 can be located to serve on the election board on or after the 15th day before an election                               
25       up to and including election day.                                                                                 
26    * Sec. 8. AS 15.20.072(b) is amended to read:                                                                      
27 (b)  The voter may, through a representative, request a special needs ballot                                            
28       from the following election officials at the times specified:                                                     
29 (1)  from an absentee voting official on or after the 15th day before an                                                
30       election, up to and including election day;                                                                       
31 (2)  from an election supervisor on or after the 15th day before an                                                     
01       election up to and including election day;                                                                        
02                 (3)  from an absentee voting official at an early [ABSENTEE] voting                                 
03       station designated under AS 15.20.045(b) on or after the 15th day before an election                              
04       up to and including the date of the election; or                                                                  
05                 (4)  from a member of the precinct election board on election day.                                      
06    * Sec. 9. AS 15.20.081 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:                                              
07 (m)  An absentee ballot application must include an option for a qualified voter                                        
08 to choose to receive absentee ballots by mail for future regularly scheduled state                                      
09 elections. The division may not require a voter who chooses this option to reapply for                                  
10       an absentee ballot by mail unless                                                                                 
11 (1)  the voter has not voted an absentee ballot for a period of four years;                                             
12       or                                                                                                                
13 (2)  the voter's previous absentee ballot sent under this section was                                                   
14       returned to the division as undeliverable.                                                                        
15    * Sec. 10. AS 15.80.010 is amended by adding a new paragraph to read:                                              
16                 (46)  "electronic signature" has the meaning given in AS 09.80.190.                                     
17    * Sec. 11. AS 29.20.380(c) is amended to read:                                                                     
18 (c)  The municipal clerk may act as an absentee voting official under                                                   
19 AS 15.20.045(c) for the limited purpose of distributing absentee ballots to qualified                                   
20 voters or qualified voters' representatives under AS 15.20.072 in a municipality in                                     
21 which the division of elections will not be operating an early [ABSENTEE] voting                                    
22       station under AS 15.20.045(b).                                                                                
23    * Sec. 12. The uncodified law of the State of Alaska is amended by adding a new section to                         
24 read:                                                                                                                   
25 TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS: REGULATIONS. The director of elections may                                                     
26 adopt or amend regulations as necessary to implement the changes made by this Act. The                                  
27 regulations take effect under AS 44.62 (Administrative Procedure Act), but not before the                               
28 effective date of the law implemented by the regulations.                                                               
29    * Sec. 13. This Act takes effect January 1, 2018.