Enrolled HB 184: Relating to firearms.
00Enrolled HB 184 01 Relating to firearms. 02 _______________ 03 * Section 1. AS 18.65 is amended by adding a new section to read: 04 Article 10A. Firearms. 05 Sec. 18.65.800. Possession of firearms in motor vehicles. (a) 06 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the state, a municipality, or a person may 07 not adopt or enforce a law, ordinance, policy, or rule that prohibits or has the effect of 08 prohibiting an individual from possessing a firearm while that individual is within a 09 motor vehicle or prohibiting an individual from storing a firearm that is locked in the 10 individual's motor vehicle while the motor vehicle is otherwise legally parked in or on 11 state or municipal property or another person's property. This section applies only to 12 possession of a firearm by an individual who may legally possess a firearm under state 13 and federal law. 14 (b) This section does not limit a person's rights or remedies under any other 15 law.
01 (c) The state, a municipality, or a person is not liable for any injury or damage 02 resulting from the storage of a firearm in the vehicle of another individual in 03 accordance with this section. 04 (d) Notwithstanding (a) of this section, an employer or its agent may prohibit 05 the possession of firearms within a secured restricted access area, as defined in 06 AS 29.35.145(d), in a vehicle owned, leased, or rented by the employer or its agent or 07 in a parking lot owned or controlled by the employer within 300 feet of the secured 08 restricted access area that does not include common areas of ingress and egress open 09 to the general public. The employer or its agent shall post conspicuous notice of the 10 prohibition against possession of firearms at each entrance to the restricted access area 11 and affected parking area. 12 * Sec. 2. AS 29.35.145(a) is repealed and reenacted to read: 13 (a) The authority to regulate firearms is reserved to the state, and, except as 14 specifically provided by statute, a municipality may not enact or enforce an ordinance 15 regulating the possession, ownership, sale, transfer, use, carrying, transportation, 16 licensing, taxation, or registration of firearms. 17 * Sec. 3. AS 29.35.145 is amended by adding new subsections to read: 18 (c) Municipalities may enact and enforce ordinances 19 (1) that are identical to state law and that have the same penalty as 20 provided for by state law; 21 (2) restricting the discharge of firearms in any portion of their 22 respective jurisdictions where there is a reasonable likelihood that people, domestic 23 animals, or property will be jeopardized; ordinances enacted or enforced under this 24 paragraph may not abridge the right of the individual guaranteed by art. I, sec. 19, 25 Constitution of the State of Alaska, to bear arms in defense of self or others; 26 (3) restricting the areas in their respective jurisdictions in which 27 firearms may be sold; a business selling firearms may not be treated more restrictively 28 that other businesses located within the same zone; and 29 (4) prohibiting the possession of firearms in the restricted access area 30 of municipal government buildings; the municipal assembly shall post notice of the 31 prohibition against possession of firearms at each entrance to the restricted access
01 area. 02 (d) In this section, 03 (1) "firearms" includes firearms, or any other element relating to 04 firearms or parts thereof including ammunition and reloading components; 05 (2) "restricted access area" means the area beyond a secure point 06 where visitors are screened and does not include common areas of ingress and egress 07 open to the general public. 08 (e) The prohibition on taxation in (a) of this section does not include 09 imposition of a sales tax that is levied on all products sold within a municipality.