CSHB 351(STA): "An Act relating to the devices, including carbon monoxide detection devices, required in dwellings; and providing for an effective date."
00 CS FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 351(STA) 01 "An Act relating to the devices, including carbon monoxide detection devices, required 02 in dwellings; and providing for an effective date." 03 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA: 04 * Section 1. AS 18.70.095(a) is amended to read: 05 (a) Smoke detection devices shall be installed and maintained in all dwelling 06 units in the state, and carbon monoxide detection devices shall be installed and 07 maintained in all qualifying dwelling units in the state. The smoke detection 08 devices must [SHALL] be of a type and shall be installed in a manner approved by 09 the state fire marshal. The carbon monoxide detection devices must have an alarm 10 and shall be installed and maintained according to manufacturers' 11 recommendations. 12 * Sec. 2. AS 18.70.095(b) is amended to read: 13 (b) In a dwelling unit occupied under the terms of a rental agreement or under 14 a month-to-month tenancy,
01 (1) at the time of each occupancy, the landlord shall provide smoke 02 detection devices and, if the dwelling unit is a qualifying dwelling unit, carbon 03 monoxide detection devices; the devices must be in working condition, and, after 04 notification by the tenant, the landlord shall be responsible for replacement; and 05 (2) the tenant shall keep the devices in working condition by keeping 06 charged batteries in battery-operated devices, if possible, by testing the devices 07 periodically, if possible, and by refraining from permanently disabling the devices. 08 * Sec. 3. AS 18.70.095(c) is amended to read: 09 (c) If a landlord did not know and had not been notified of the need to repair 10 or replace a smoke detection device or a carbon monoxide detection device, the 11 landlord's failure to repair or replace the device may not be considered as evidence of 12 negligence in a subsequent civil action arising from death, property loss, or personal 13 injury. 14 * Sec. 4. AS 18.70.095(d) is repealed and reenacted to read: 15 (d) In this section, 16 (1) "dwelling unit" has the meaning given in AS 34.03.360; 17 (2) "landlord" has the meaning given in AS 34.03.360; 18 (3) "qualifying dwelling unit" means a dwelling unit that 19 (A) contains or is serviced by a carbon-based-fueled appliance 20 or device that produces by-products of combustion; 21 (B) has an attached garage or carport; or 22 (C) is adjacent to a parking space; 23 (4) "rental agreement" has the meaning given in AS 34.03.360; 24 (5) "tenant" has the meaning given in AS 34.03.360. 25 * Sec. 5. AS 34.03.100(a) is amended to read: 26 (a) The landlord shall 27 (1) make all repairs and do whatever is necessary to put and keep the 28 premises in a fit and habitable condition; 29 (2) keep all common areas of the premises in a clean and safe 30 condition; 31 (3) maintain in good and safe working order and condition all
01 electrical, plumbing, sanitary, heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, kitchen, and other 02 facilities and appliances, including elevators, supplied or required to be supplied by 03 the landlord; 04 (4) provide and maintain appropriate receptacles and conveniences for 05 the removal of ashes, garbage, rubbish, and other waste incidental to the occupancy of 06 the dwelling unit and arrange for their removal; 07 (5) supply running water and reasonable amounts of hot water and heat 08 at all times, insofar as energy conditions permit, except where the building that 09 includes the dwelling unit is so constructed that heat or hot water is generated by an 10 installation within the exclusive control of the tenant and supplied by a direct public 11 utility connection; 12 (6) if requested by the tenant, provide and maintain locks and furnish 13 keys reasonably adequate to ensure safety to the tenant's person and property; and 14 (7) provide smoke detection devices and carbon monoxide detection 15 devices as required under AS 18.70.095. 16 * Sec. 6. AS 34.03.120(a) is amended to read: 17 (a) The tenant 18 (1) shall keep that part of the premises occupied and used by the tenant 19 as clean and safe as the condition of the premises permit; 20 (2) shall dispose all ashes, rubbish, garbage, and other waste from the 21 dwelling unit in a clean and safe manner; 22 (3) shall keep all plumbing fixtures in the dwelling unit or used by the 23 tenant as clean as their condition permits; 24 (4) shall use in a reasonable manner all electrical, plumbing, sanitary, 25 heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, kitchen, and other facilities and appliances 26 including elevators in the premises; 27 (5) may not deliberately or negligently destroy, deface, damage, 28 impair, or remove a part of the premises or knowingly permit any person to do so; 29 (6) may not unreasonably disturb, or permit others on the premises 30 with the tenant's consent to unreasonably disturb, a neighbor's peaceful enjoyment of 31 the premises;
01 (7) shall maintain smoke detection devices and carbon monoxide 02 detection devices as required under AS 18.70.095; 03 (8) may not, except in an emergency when the landlord cannot be 04 contacted after reasonable effort to do so, change the locks on doors of the premises 05 without first securing the written agreement of the landlord and, immediately after 06 changing the locks, providing the landlord a set of keys to all doors for which locks 07 have been changed; in an emergency, the tenant may change the locks and shall, 08 within five days, provide the landlord a set of keys to all doors for which locks have 09 been changed and written notice of the change; and 10 (9) may not unreasonably engage in conduct, or permit others on the 11 premises to engage in conduct, that results in the imposition of a fee under a municipal 12 ordinance adopted under AS 29.35.125. 13 * Sec. 7. This Act takes effect January 1, 2005.