HB 22: "An Act relating to certain passenger vessels operating in the marine waters of the state; and providing for an effective date."
00 HOUSE BILL NO. 22 01 "An Act relating to certain passenger vessels operating in the marine waters of the state; 02 and providing for an effective date." 03 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA: 04 * Section 1. AS 46.03 is amended by adding new sections to read: 05 Article 6A. Large Passenger Vessels. 06 Sec. 46.03.460. Registration requirements. (a) Except as provided in 07 AS 46.03.484, each calendar year in which the owner or operator of a large passenger 08 vessel intends to operate, or cause or allow to be operated, the vessel in the marine 09 waters of the state, the owner or operator of the vessel shall register with the 10 department. The registration shall be completed no later than 72 hours after any large 11 passenger vessel of the owner or operator calls upon a port in the state. The 12 registration must include the following information: 13 (1) the vessel owner's business name and, if different, the vessel 14 operator's business name for each large passenger vessel of the owner that is
01 scheduled to be in the marine waters of the state during the calendar year; 02 (2) the postal address, electronic mail address, telephone number, and 03 facsimile number for the principal place of each business identified under (1) of this 04 subsection; 05 (3) the name and address of an agent for service of process for each 06 business identified under (1) of this subsection; the owner and operator shall 07 continuously maintain a designated agent for service of process whenever a large 08 passenger vessel of the owner or operator is in the marine waters of the state, and the 09 agent must be an individual resident of this state, a domestic corporation, or a foreign 10 corporation having a place of business in and authorized to do business in this state; 11 and 12 (4) the name or call sign of and Port of Registry for each of the owner's 13 or operator's vessels that is scheduled either to call upon a port in this state or 14 otherwise to be in the marine waters of the state during the calendar year occurring 15 after the date of registration. 16 (b) Registration under (a) of this section shall be signed under oath by the 17 owner or operator. 18 (c) Upon request of the department, the registrant shall submit registration 19 information required under this section electronically. 20 Sec. 46.03.465. Information-gathering requirements. (a) Owners and 21 operators of large passenger vessels shall, for the time during any calendar month in 22 which they operate, or cause or allow to be operated, a large passenger vessel in the 23 marine waters of the state, record or cause to be recorded all information necessary to 24 completely report as required by AS 46.03.475. 25 (b) At least once during each calendar month in which a large passenger 26 vessel is present in the marine waters of the state, the owner and operator of the vessel 27 shall measure visible emissions, excluding condensed water vapor, of the vessel while 28 the vessel is at berth or at anchor in a port of this state. Except as provided in (d) of 29 this section, the measuring technique and the duration of the measurement used to 30 satisfy the requirement of this subsection must have been approved by the department 31 before the measurement was taken.
01 (c) The department may adopt regulations directing owners and operators of 02 large passenger vessels to quantify and qualify the releases of waterborne pollutants 03 from their vessels into the marine waters of the state. 04 (d) If the owner or operator of a large passenger vessel has, when complying 05 with another state or federal law that requires substantially equivalent information 06 gathering, gathered the type of information required under this section, the owner or 07 operator shall be considered to be in compliance with this section. 08 Sec. 46.03.470. Record keeping requirements. An owner or operator 09 subject to AS 46.03.465 shall record the information required to be gathered under that 10 section and shall maintain the records for three years after the date the information 11 was gathered. 12 Sec. 46.03.475. Reporting requirements. (a) An owner or operator of a 13 large passenger vessel shall, within 10 days after the end of a calendar month in which 14 the owner or operator has operated, or caused or allowed to be operated, a large 15 passenger vessel in the marine waters of the state, submit to the department a report 16 concerning the offloading or release of pollutants from that vessel that occurred during 17 the previous calendar month. The report must 18 (1) include the information required for releases by (c) and (d) of this 19 section; 20 (2) include the information required for offloading by (e) - (h) of this 21 section; and 22 (3) be limited to releases and offloading that occurred while the vessel 23 was in the marine waters of the state. 24 (b) The information in the report required under this section may be provided 25 by referring to, or including copies of, other reports concerning pollutants that are 26 required by substantially equivalent state or federal reporting requirements. 27 (c) For each release of a pollutant, except for a release by an emission to 28 ambient air from a stack, the report required under this section must describe the 29 (1) location of the release, including latitude and longitude; 30 (2) date and time of the release; 31 (3) volume, flow rate, or weight, and the type and source of the
01 pollutant released; 02 (4) processing or treatment used on the pollutant before the release; 03 (5) circumstances surrounding and cause of the release, including a 04 statement as to whether the release was intentional or accidental; 05 (6) environmental damage caused by the release, to the extent the 06 damage can be reasonably identified; and 07 (7) remedial efforts taken to prevent accidental recurrence of the 08 release. 09 (d) For emissions to ambient air from a stack, the report required under this 10 section must include the measurements of visible emissions collected under 11 AS 46.03.465(b) and, if a stack on the vessel is equipped with continuous emission 12 monitors, the recordings printed by the monitors for the time during that month that 13 the vessel was in the marine waters of the state. 14 (e) For pollutants that were offloaded, the report required under this section 15 must describe the 16 (1) location of offloading; 17 (2) date of offloading; 18 (3) volume or weight, and type and source of the offloaded material; 19 (4) ultimate destination of the offloaded material; and 20 (5) processing or treatment received by the offloaded material before 21 or during the offloading. 22 (f) If hazardous waste was offloaded from the vessel and the hazardous waste 23 was manifested in accordance with 42 U.S.C. 6921 - 6939a (Subtitle C of the Solid 24 Waste Disposal Act), the report required under this section may, instead of the 25 information described in (e) of this section, include a copy of the manifest. If 26 hazardous waste was offloaded from the vessel without a manifest, the report required 27 under this section must, in addition to the information described in (e) of this section, 28 describe the reasons why the waste was offloaded without a manifest. 29 (g) For graywater, sewage, and other wastewater, the report required under 30 this section must state whether the graywater, sewage, and other wastewater were 31 mixed with one another or with other pollutants before or during release or offloading.
01 If mixing of pollutants occurred before or during offloading, the report must identify 02 the specific pollutants involved in the mixing, if feasible. If identification of the 03 specific pollutants is not feasible, the report must identify the waste streams in the 04 mixture. 05 (h) To the extent allowed under federal law, the department may by regulation 06 require an owner or operator to submit supplemental or additional information 07 concerning the releases or offloading of pollutants. 08 (i) A record or report submitted under this section shall be signed under 09 penalty of unsworn falsification by the owner, operator, or a responsible official of the 10 reporting vessel and must include the following statement: "Based on information and 11 belief formed after reasonable inquiry, I certify that the statements and information in 12 and attached to this document are true, accurate, and complete." 13 (j) Upon request of the department, the report required under this section shall 14 be submitted electronically. 15 (k) This section does not relieve the owner or operator of a large passenger 16 vessel from other applicable reporting requirements of state or federal law. 17 Sec. 46.03.480. Penalties. (a) An owner or operator who fails to comply with 18 AS 46.03.460 may not bring a claim or counterclaim in a court of this state for a cause 19 of action that arose during the time that the owner or operator was out of compliance 20 with AS 46.03.460. 21 (b) An owner or operator who fails to comply with AS 46.03.460 or a 22 reporting requirement of AS 46.03.475 is subject to an administrative penalty of not 23 more than $50 a day for each day of noncompliance with each requirement as 24 determined by the commissioner subject to right of appeal to the superior court. 25 Sec. 46.03.484. Exemption for vessels in innocent passage. AS 46.03.460 - 26 46.03.490 do not apply to a large passenger vessel that operates in the marine waters 27 of the state solely in innocent passage. For the purpose of this section, a vessel is 28 engaged in innocent passage if its operation in state waters would constitute innocent 29 passage under the 30 (1) Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone, 31 April 29, 1958, 15 U.S.T. 1606; or
01 (2) United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982, 02 December 10, 1982, United Nations Publication No. E.83.V.5., 21 I.L.M. 1261 03 (1982). 04 Sec. 46.03.485. Regulations. The department may adopt regulations that are 05 necessary for the implementation of AS 46.03.460 - 46.03.490. 06 Sec. 46.03.490. Definitions. In AS 46.03.460 - 46.03.490, 07 (1) "agent for service of process" means an agent upon whom process, 08 notice, or demand required or permitted by law to be served upon the owner or 09 operator may be served; 10 (2) "air contaminant" means a substance within the meaning given to 11 "air contaminant" in either AS 46.03.900 or AS 46.14.990; 12 (3) "ambient air" has the meaning given in AS 46.14.990; 13 (4) "ballast water" means water and suspended matter taken on board a 14 vessel to control or maintain trim, draught, stability, or stresses of the vessel, 15 regardless of how the water and suspended matter are carried; 16 (5) "emission" means a release of one or more pollutants into the 17 atmosphere; 18 (6) "graywater" means galley, dishwasher, bath, shower, and laundry 19 wastewater; 20 (7) "hazardous substance" has the meaning given in AS 46.03.826; 21 (8) "hazardous waste" has the meaning given in AS 46.03.900 and 22 includes wastes that meet that definition and have been collected from staterooms, 23 crew quarters, and other passenger or crew accommodations; 24 (9) "large passenger vessel" means a vessel that is authorized to carry 25 500 or more passengers for hire, excluding noncommercial vessels, warships, and 26 vessels operated by the state, the United States, or a foreign government; 27 (10) "marine waters of the state" has the meaning given to "waters" in 28 AS 46.03.900 except that it includes only marine waters; 29 (11) "medical waste" includes each of the types of solid waste listed in 30 42 U.S.C. 6992a (Demonstration Medical Waste Tracking Program, sec. 11002 of the 31 Solid Waste Disposal Act);
01 (12) "offloading" means the removal of pollutants from a large 02 passenger vessel onto or into a controlled storage, processing, or disposal facility or 03 treatment works; 04 (13) "oil" has the meaning given in AS 46.04.900; 05 (14) "pollutant" means air contaminant, biological materials, chemical 06 wastes, graywater, hazardous substances, hazardous waste, industrial waste, 07 incinerator residue, medical waste, munitions, oil, radioactive materials, sewage, 08 sewage sludge, solid waste, toxic waste, and wrecked or discarded equipment, except 09 that "pollutant" does not include ballast water, a consumer product in consumer use, 10 or, with respect to offloading, a product that remains capable of being put to the 11 beneficial use for which the product was intended; 12 (15) "release" means spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, 13 emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping, placing, or disposing 14 of pollutants into the environment, including the abandonment or discarding of bags, 15 containers, and other receptacles containing a pollutant, and without regard to whether 16 the pollutants left the vessel through a discrete conveyance or a nonpoint source; 17 (16) "responsible official" means 18 (A) for a corporation, a president, secretary, treasurer, or vice- 19 president of the corporation in charge of a principal business function, or any 20 other person who performs similar policy or decision-making functions for the 21 corporation, or a duly authorized representative of that person if the delegation 22 of authority to the representative is approved in advance by the department; 23 (B) for a partnership, sole proprietorship, or limited liability 24 company, a general partner, the proprietor, or the manager or managing 25 member, respectively; 26 (17) "sewage" has the meaning given in 33 U.S.C. 1322 (sec. 312, 27 Water Pollution Control Act); 28 (18) "stack" means a chimney or conduit through which air or air 29 contaminants are emitted into the atmosphere; 30 (19) "vessel" means any form or manner of watercraft, other than a 31 seaplane on the water, whether or not capable of self-propulsion.
01 * Sec. 2. AS 46.03.760(e) is amended to read: 02 (e) A person who falsifies a registration or report required by 03 AS 46.03.460 or 46.03.475 or who violates or causes or permits to be violated a 04 provision of AS 46.03.250 - 46.03.314, 46.03.460 - 46.03.490, AS 46.14, or a 05 regulation, a lawful order of the department, or a permit, approval, or acceptance, or 06 term or condition of a permit, approval, or acceptance issued under AS 46.03.250 - 07 46.03.314, 46.03.460 - 46.03.490, or AS 46.14 is liable, in a civil action, to the state 08 for a sum to be assessed by the court of not less than $500 nor more than $100,000 for 09 the initial violation, nor more than $10,000 for each day after that on which the 10 violation continues, and that shall reflect, when applicable, 11 (1) reasonable compensation in the nature of liquidated damages for 12 any adverse environmental effects caused by the violation, that shall be determined by 13 the court according to the toxicity, degradability and dispersal characteristics of the 14 substance discharged, the sensitivity of the receiving environment, and the degree to 15 which the discharge degrades existing environmental quality; for a violation relating to 16 AS 46.14, the court, in making its determination under this paragraph, shall also 17 consider the degree to which the discharge causes harm to persons or property; this 18 paragraph may not be construed to limit the right of parties other than the state to 19 recover for personal injuries or damage to their property; 20 (2) reasonable costs incurred by the state in detection, investigation, 21 and attempted correction of the violation; 22 (3) the economic savings realized by the person in not complying with 23 the requirement for which a violation is charged; and 24 (4) the need for an enhanced civil penalty to deter future 25 noncompliance. 26 * Sec. 3. The uncodified law of the State of Alaska is amended by adding a new section to 27 read: 28 APPLICABILITY OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS. (a) Notwithstanding 29 AS 46.03.460(a), enacted by sec. 1 of this Act, the first registration required under 30 AS 46.03.460(a) for the owner or operator of a large passenger vessel that is in the marine 31 waters of the state on July 1, 2001, is 11:59 p.m., Alaska Daylight Time, on July 3, 2001,
01 regardless of whether the vessel has called upon or will call upon a port in the state on or after 02 July 1, 2001. 03 (b) The information-gathering and record keeping requirements of AS 46.03.465 and 04 46.03.470, enacted by sec. 1 of this Act, apply on and after July 1, 2001. The first report that 05 is due under AS 46.03.475, enacted by sec. 1 of this Act, is due August 10, 2001. 06 * Sec. 4. This Act takes effect July 1, 2001.