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HB 202: "An Act relating to the participation and accountability of parents and guardians and the enforcement of restitution orders entered in juvenile delinquency proceedings; relating to claims on permanent fund dividends for certain court-ordered treatment in juvenile delinquency proceedings; changing Alaska Supreme Court Delinquency Rules 3(b) and 8(b); and providing for an effective date."

00 HOUSE BILL NO. 202                                                                                                      
01 "An Act relating to the participation and accountability of parents and                                                 
02 guardians and the enforcement of restitution orders entered in juvenile                                                 
03 delinquency proceedings; relating to claims on permanent fund dividends for                                             
04 certain court-ordered treatment in juvenile delinquency proceedings; changing                                           
05 Alaska Supreme Court Delinquency Rules 3(b) and 8(b); and providing for an                                              
06 effective date."                                                                                                        
07 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                                
08    * Section 1.  AS  43.23 is amended by adding a new section to read:                                                  
09  Sec. 43.23.066.  CLAIMS ON REIMBURSEMENT FOR COURT-ORDERED                                                            
10 TREATMENT.  (a)  AS 09.38 does not apply to permanent fund dividends taken under                                        
11 AS 47.10.079(c).  Notwithstanding AS 09.35, execution on a dividend claimed under                                       
12 AS 47.10.079(c) is accomplished by delivering a certified claim to the department                                       
13 containing the following information:                                                                                   
14   (1)  the name and social security number of the individual whose                                                     
01 dividend is being claimed;                                                                                              
02   (2)  the amount the individual owes on the reimbursement claim; and                                                  
03   (3)  a statement that                                                                                                
04   (A)  the Department of Health and Social Services has notified                                                      
05 the individual that future permanent fund dividends of the individual will be                                           
06 taken to satisfy the reimbursement claim;                                                                               
07   (B)  the individual was notified of the right to request a hearing                                                  
08 and allowed 30 days after the date of the notice described in (A) of this                                               
09 paragraph to request the Department of Health and Social Services to hold a                                             
10 hearing on the reimbursement claim;                                                                                     
11   (C)  the reimbursement claim has not been contested, or, if                                                         
12 contested, that the issue has been resolved in favor of the Department of Health                                        
13 and Social Services; and                                                                                                
14   (D)   if the reimbursement claim has been contested and resolved                                                    
15 in favor of the Department of Health and Social Services, no appeal is pending,                                         
16 the time limit for filing an appeal has expired, or the appeal has been resolved                                        
17 in favor of the Department of Health and Social Services.                                                               
18  (b)  The Department of Health and Social Services shall notify the individual                                         
19 if a dividend is claimed under (a) of this section.  The notice shall be sent to the                                    
20 address provided in the individual's permanent fund dividend application and must                                       
21 provide the following information:                                                                                      
22   (1)  the amount of the reimbursement claim;                                                                          
23   (2)  notice that the permanent fund dividend, or that portion of the                                                 
24 permanent fund dividend that does not exceed the amount of the reimbursement claim,                                     
25 shall be paid to the Department of Health and Social Services; and                                                      
26   (3)  notification that the individual has a right to request a hearing and                                           
27 has 30 days after the date the notice is mailed in which to file with the Department of                                 
28 Health and Social Services an objection to the dividend claim if a mistake has been                                     
29 made.                                                                                                                   
30  (c)  AS 44.62.330 - 44.62.630 apply to a hearing requested by an individual                                           
31 under (b)(3) of this section.                                                                                           
01    * Sec. 2.  AS 47.10 is amended by adding a new section to read:                                                      
02  Sec. 47.10.079.  PARENTAL OR GUARDIAN ACCOUNTABILITY AND                                                              
03 PARTICIPATION.  (a)  The parent or guardian of a minor who is alleged to be a                                           
04 delinquent under AS 47.10.010(a)(1) or found to be a delinquent under                                                   
05 AS 47.10.080(b) shall attend each hearing held during the delinquency proceedings                                       
06 unless the court excuses the parent or guardian from attendance for good cause.                                         
07  (b)  If a minor is found to be a delinquent under AS 47.10.080(b), the court                                          
08 may order that the minor's parent or guardian                                                                           
09   (1)  personally participate in treatment reasonably available in the                                                 
10 parent's or guardian's location as specified in a plan set out in the court order;                                      
11   (2)  notify the department if the minor violates a term or condition of                                              
12 the court order; and                                                                                                    
13   (3)  comply with any other conditions set out in the court order.                                                    
14  (c)  If a court orders a minor's parent or guardian to participate in treatment                                       
15 under (b) of this section, the court also shall order the parent or guardian to use any                                 
16 available insurance or other such resource to cover the treatment, or to pay for the                                    
17 treatment if such coverage is unavailable.  If the court determines that the parent or                                  
18 guardian is unable to pay for the treatment due to indigence and the department pays                                    
19 for the treatment, the department may seek reimbursement only from the indigent                                         
20 parent or guardian's permanent fund dividend.                                                                           
21  (d)  The permanent fund dividend of an indigent parent or guardian                                                    
22 participating in treatment ordered under (b) of this section may be taken under                                         
23 AS 43.23.065(b)(6) and 43.23.066 to satisfy the balance due on a reimbursement claim                                    
24 by the department under (c) of this section.                                                                            
25    * Sec. 3.  AS 47.10.080(b) is amended to read:                                                                       
26  (b)  If the court finds that the minor is delinquent, it shall                                                        
27   (1)  order the minor committed to the department for a period of time                                                
28 not to exceed two years or in any event extend past the day the minor becomes 19,                                       
29 except that the department may petition for and the court may grant in a hearing (A)                                    
30 two-year extensions of commitment that do not extend beyond the child's 19th                                            
31 birthday if the extension is in the best interests of the minor and the public; and (B)                                 
01 an additional one-year period of supervision past age 19 if continued supervision is in                                 
02 the best interests of the person and the person consents to it; the department shall place                              
03 the minor in the juvenile facility that the department considers appropriate and that                                   
04 may include a juvenile correctional school, juvenile work camp, treatment facility,                                     
05 detention home, or detention facility; the minor may be released from placement or                                      
06 detention and placed on probation on order of the court and may also be released by                                     
07 the department, in its discretion, under AS 47.10.200;                                                                  
08   (2)  order the minor placed on probation, to be supervised by the                                                    
09 department, and released to the minor's parents, guardian, or a suitable person; if the                                 
10 court orders the minor placed on probation, it may specify the terms and conditions                                     
11 of probation; the probation may be for a period of time, not to exceed two years and                                    
12 in no event extend past the day the minor becomes 19, except that the department may                                    
13 petition for and the court may grant in a hearing                                                                       
14   (A)  two-year extensions of supervision that do not extend                                                          
15 beyond the child's 19th birthday if the extension is in the best interests of the                                       
16 minor and the public; and                                                                                               
17   (B)  an additional one-year period of supervision past age 19 if                                                    
18 the continued supervision is in the best interests of the person and the person                                         
19 consents to it;                                                                                                         
20   (3)  order the minor committed to the department and placed on                                                       
21 probation, to be supervised by the department, and released to the minor's parents,                                     
22 guardian, other suitable person, or suitable nondetention setting such as a family home,                                
23 group care facility, or child care facility, whichever the department considers                                         
24 appropriate to implement the treatment plan of the predisposition report; if the court                                  
25 orders the minor placed on probation, it may specify the terms and conditions of                                        
26 probation; the department may transfer the minor, in the minor's best interests, from                                   
27 one of the probationary placement settings listed in this paragraph to another, and the                                 
28 minor, the minor's parents or guardian, and the minor's attorney are entitled to                                        
29 reasonable notice of the transfer; the probation may be for a period of time, not to                                    
30 exceed two years and in no event extend past the day the minor becomes 19, except                                       
31 that the department may petition for and the court may grant in a hearing                                               
01   (A)  two-year extensions of commitment that do not extend                                                           
02 beyond the child's 19th birthday if the extension is in the best interests of the                                       
03 minor and the public; and                                                                                               
04   (B)  an additional one-year period of supervision past age 19 if                                                    
05 the continued supervision is in the best interests of the person and the person                                         
06 consents to it;                                                                                                         
07   (4)  order the minor and the minor's parent to make suitable                                                       
08 restitution in lieu of or in addition to the court's order under (1), (2), or (3) of this                               
09 subsection; the court may not refuse to make an order of restitution under this                                         
10 paragraph to benefit the victim of the act of the minor that is the basis of the                                        
11 delinquency adjudication;                                                                                               
12   (5) order the minor committed to the department for placement in an                                                  
13 adventure based education program established under AS 47.21.020 with conditions                                        
14 the court considers appropriate concerning release upon satisfactory completion of the                                  
15 program or commitment under (1) of this subsection if the program is not satisfactorily                                 
16 completed; [OR]                                                                                                         
17   (6)  in addition to an order under (1) - (5) of this subsection, if the                                              
18 delinquency finding is based on the minor's violation of AS 11.71.030(a)(3) or                                          
19 11.71.040(a)(4), order the minor to perform 50 hours of community service; for                                          
20 purposes of this paragraph, "community service" includes work                                                           
21   (A)  on a project identified in AS 33.30.901; or                                                                    
22   (B)  that, on the recommendation of the city council or                                                             
23 traditional village council, would benefit persons within the city or village who                                       
24 are elderly or disabled; or                                                                                          
25   (7)  in addition to an order under (1) - (6) of this subsection, order                                               
26 the minor's parent or guardian to comply with orders made under AS 47.10.079,                                           
27 including participation in treatment under AS 47.10.079 (b)(1).                                                        
28    * Sec. 4.  AS 47.10 is amended by adding a new section to read:                                                      
29  Sec. 47.10.086.  ENFORCEMENT OF RESTITUTION.  A person who is a                                                       
30 recipient of a restitution order involving a minor found delinquent under AS 47.10.080                                  
31 may enforce an order for restitution under AS 47.10.080 against the minor and the                                       
01 minor's parent under AS 09.35 as if the order were a civil judgment enforceable by                                      
02 execution.  This section does not limit the authority of the court to otherwise enforce                                 
03 orders of payment for restitution.  An order of restitution enforced under this section                                 
04 does not limit under other law any civil liability of the minor or the minor's parent as                                
05 a result of the delinquent conduct.                                                                                     
06    * Sec. 5.  Alaska Supreme Court Delinquency Rule 3(b) is amended to read:                                            
07  (b)  PRESENCE OF JUVENILE AND OTHER PARTIES.  The presence of                                                         
08 the juvenile is required unless the juvenile:                                                                           
09   (1)  waives the right to be present and the juvenile's presence is excused                                           
10 by the court; or                                                                                                        
11   (2)  engages in conduct which justifies exclusion from the courtroom.                                                
12 The presence of the parent or guardian is required [PREFERRED, BUT NOT                                                
13 REQUIRED] unless excused by the court for good cause [SO ORDERS].                                                   
14    * Sec. 6.  Alaska Supreme Court Delinquency Rule 8(b) is amended to read:                                            
15  (b)  SUMMONS.  Upon the filing of a petition for adjudication, the court shall                                        
16 set a time for the arraignment on petition and shall, if the juvenile is not in custody,                                
17 issue a summons to be served with the petition compelling the attendance of the                                         
18 juvenile.  The court shall [MAY] issue a summons compelling the attendance of the                                     
19 juvenile's parents or guardian at the hearing.  If the summons and petition are not                                     
20 contained in one document, the petition must be attached to and incorporated by                                         
21 reference into the summons.  The summons must contain a statement advising the                                          
22 parties of their right to counsel.                                                                                      
23    * Sec. 7.  Sections 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 of this Act take effect immediately under                                      
24 AS 01.10.070(c) only if secs. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 of this Act receive the two-thirds majority vote                        
25 of each house required by art. IV, sec. 15, Constitution of the State of Alaska.                                        
26    * Sec. 8.  Section 1 of this Act takes effect immediately under AS 01.10.070(c) only if                              
27 sec. 2 of this Act takes effect.