CSSB 19(FIN) AM: "An Act relating to the crime of conspiracy."

00 CS FOR SENATE BILL NO. 19(FIN) am                                                                                       
01 "An Act relating to the crime of conspiracy."                                                                           
02 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                                
03    * Section 1.  AS 11.31 is amended by adding new sections to read:                                                    
04  Sec. 11.31.120.  CONSPIRACY.  (a)  An offender commits the crime of                                                   
05 conspiracy if, with the intent to promote or facilitate a serious felony offense, the                                   
06 offender agrees with one or more persons to engage in or cause the performance of                                       
07 that activity and the offender or one of the persons does an overt act in furtherance of                                
08 the conspiracy.  In this section, "overt act in furtherance of the conspiracy" means an                                 
09 act of such character that it manifests a purpose on the part of the actor that the object                              
10 of the conspiracy be completed.                                                                                         
11  (b)  If an offender commits the crime of conspiracy and knows that a person                                           
12 with whom the offender conspires to commit a serious felony offense has conspired                                       
13 or will conspire with another person or persons to commit the same serious felony                                       
14 offense, the offender is guilty of conspiring with that other person or persons to                                      
01 commit that crime whether or not the offender knows their identities.                                                   
02  (c)  In a prosecution under this section, it is not a defense that a person with                                      
03 whom the defendant conspires could not be guilty of the crime that is the object of the                                 
04 conspiracy because of                                                                                                   
05   (1)  lack of criminal responsibility or other legal incapacity or                                                    
06 exemption;                                                                                                              
07   (2)  belonging to a class of persons who by definition are legally                                                   
08 incapable in an individual capacity of committing the crime that is the object of the                                   
09 conspiracy;                                                                                                             
10   (3)  unawareness of the criminal nature of the conduct in question or of                                             
11 the criminal purpose of the defendant; or                                                                               
12   (4)  any other factor precluding the culpable mental state required for                                              
13 the commission of the crime.                                                                                            
14  (d)  If the offense that the conspiracy is intended to promote or facilitate is                                       
15 actually committed, a defendant may not be convicted of conspiring to commit that                                       
16 offense with another person for whose conduct the defendant is not legally accountable                                  
17 under AS 11.16.120(b).                                                                                                  
18  (e)  In a prosecution under this section, it is an affirmative defense that the                                       
19 defendant, under circumstances manifesting a voluntary and complete renunciation of                                     
20 the defendant's criminal intent, either (1) gave timely warning to law enforcement                                      
21 authorities; or (2) otherwise made proper effort that prevented the commission of the                                   
22 crime that was the object of the conspiracy.  Renunciation by one conspirator does not                                  
23 affect the liability of another conspirator who does not join in the renunciation.                                      
24  (f)  Notwithstanding AS 22.10.030, venue in actions in which the crime of                                             
25 conspiracy is alleged to have been committed may not be based solely on the location                                    
26 of overt acts done in furtherance of the conspiracy.                                                                    
27  (g)  Conspiracy is                                                                                                    
28   (1)  an unclassified felony if the object of the conspiracy is murder in                                             
29 the first degree;                                                                                                       
30   (2)  a class A felony if the object of the conspiracy is a crime                                                     
31 punishable as an unclassified felony other than murder in the first degree;                                             
01   (3)  a class B felony if the object of the conspiracy is a crime                                                     
02 punishable as a class A felony;                                                                                         
03   (4)  a class C felony if the object of the conspiracy is a crime                                                     
04 punishable as a class B felony.                                                                                         
05  (h)  In this section, "serious felony offense" means an offense                                                       
06   (1)  against the person under AS 11.41, punishable as an unclassified                                                
07 or class A felony; or                                                                                                   
08   (2)  involving controlled substances under AS 11.71, punishable as an                                                
09 unclassified, class A, or class B felony.                                                                               
10  Sec. 11.31.125.  DURATION OF CONSPIRACY FOR PURPOSES OF                                                               
11 LIMITATIONS OF ACTIONS.  (a)  Solely for purposes of applying AS 12.10                                                  
12 governing limitations of actions, in a prosecution under AS 11.31.120 a conspiracy                                      
13 terminates                                                                                                              
14   (1) when all the crimes that are serious felony offenses that are its                                                
15 objects are completed; or                                                                                               
16   (2) if all of the crimes that are its objects are not completed, when the                                            
17 last overt act in furtherance of the conspiracy is done by the defendant or any of the                                  
18 other coconspirators.                                                                                                   
19  (b)  In this section, "overt act in furtherance of the conspiracy" has the meaning                                    
20 given in AS 11.31.120.                                                                                                  
21    * Sec. 2.  AS 11.31.140(a) is amended to read:                                                                       
22  (a)  It is not a defense to a prosecution under AS 11.31.100 - 11.31.120 [AS                                        
23 11.31.100 OR AS 11.31.110] that the crime the defendant attempted to commit,                                           
24 solicited to commit, or conspired to commit [THAT IS THE OBJECT OF THE                                                 
25 ATTEMPT OR SOLICITATION] was actually committed pursuant to the attempt,                                               
26 solicitation, or conspiracy [OR SOLICITATION].                                                                         
27    * Sec. 3.  AS 11.31.140(b) is amended to read:                                                                       
28  (b)  A person may not be convicted of more than one crime defined by                                                  
29 AS 11.31.100 - 11.31.120 [AS 11.31.100 OR AS 11.31.110] for conduct designed to                                       
30 commit or culminate in commission of the same crime.                                                                    
31    * Sec. 4.  AS 11.31.140(d) is amended to read:                                                                       
01  (d)  This section does not bar inclusion of multiple counts in a single                                               
02 indictment or information charging commission of a crime defined by AS 11.31.100 -                                     
03 11.31.120 [AS 11.31.100 OR 11.31.110] and commission of the crime that is the                                          
04 object of the attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation.                                                                   
05    * Sec. 5.  AS 12.55.125(b) is amended to read:                                                                       
06  (b)  A defendant convicted of murder in the second degree, attempted murder                                           
07 in the first degree, conspiracy to commit murder in the first degree, kidnapping, or                                  
08 misconduct involving a controlled substance in the first degree shall be sentenced to                                   
09 a definite term of imprisonment of at least five years but not more than 99 years.